Study sets matching "vocab psych 100"

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Study sets matching "vocab psych 100"

69 terms
Psychology 100
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Clinical Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
(James) explored how mental and behavioral processes function…
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorder.
Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
Structuralism
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
Psychology 100
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Clinical Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
(James) explored how mental and behavioral processes function…
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorder.
Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
Structuralism
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 14 Vocabulary Review
agoraphobia
antisocial personality disorder
anxiety disorder
bipolar disorder
A fear of being in public, usually because the person fears t…
A personality disorder marked by impulsive, manipulative, oft…
A psychological disorder marked by persistent anxiety that di…
A mood disorder marked by periods of mania alternating with l…
agoraphobia
A fear of being in public, usually because the person fears t…
antisocial personality disorder
A personality disorder marked by impulsive, manipulative, oft…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 15 Vocabulary Review
analysis of dreams
analysis of free associations
analysis of resistances
analysis of transference
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
analysis of dreams
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
analysis of free associations
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 11 Vocabulary Review
achievement motive
anorexia nervosa
arousal motive
basal metabolic rate
The desire for mastery, excellence, and accomplishment.
An eating disorder marked by self-starvation.
The motive to maintain an optimal level of physiological acti…
The rate at which the body burns calories just to keep itself…
achievement motive
The desire for mastery, excellence, and accomplishment.
anorexia nervosa
An eating disorder marked by self-starvation.
Psychology 100 - Chapter 3 Vocabulary Review
action potential
adrenal glands
all-or-none law
Alzheimer's disease
A series of changes in the electrical charge across the axona…
Endocrine glands that secrete hormones that regulate the excr…
The principle that once a neuron reaches its firing threshold…
A brain disorder characterized by difficulty in forming new m…
action potential
A series of changes in the electrical charge across the axona…
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands that secrete hormones that regulate the excr…
Psychology 100-Chapter 2 Vocabulary Review
archival research
case study
causation
coefficient of correlation
The systematic examination of collections of letters, manuscr…
An in-depth study of an individual.
An effect of one or more variables on another variable.
A statistic that assesses the degree of association between t…
archival research
The systematic examination of collections of letters, manuscr…
case study
An in-depth study of an individual.
Psychology 100 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary Review
acronym
constructive recall
context-dependent memory
decay theory
A mnemonic device that involves forming a term from the first…
The distortion of memories by adding, dropping, or changing d…
The tendency for recall to be best when the environmental con…
The theory that forgetting occurs because memories naturally…
acronym
A mnemonic device that involves forming a term from the first…
constructive recall
The distortion of memories by adding, dropping, or changing d…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 5 Vocabulary Review
absolute threshold
accommodation
acupuncture
audition
The minimum amount of stimulation that an individual can dete…
The process by which the lens of the eye increases its curvat…
A pain-relieving technique that relies on the insertion of fi…
The sense of hearing.
absolute threshold
The minimum amount of stimulation that an individual can dete…
accommodation
The process by which the lens of the eye increases its curvat…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 12 Vocabulary Review
adaptation-level theory
Cannon-Bard theory
cognitive-appraisal theory
disparagement theory
The theory that happiness depends on comparing one's present…
The theory that an emotion is produced when an event or objec…
The theory that one's emotion at a given time depends on one'…
The theory that humor is amusing when it makes one feel super…
adaptation-level theory
The theory that happiness depends on comparing one's present…
Cannon-Bard theory
The theory that an emotion is produced when an event or objec…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 10 Vocabulary Review
achievement test
aptitude test
autism
cerebral palsy
A test that measures knowledge of a particular subject.
A test designed to predict a person's potential to benefit fr…
An often severe developmental disorder that includes deficien…
A movement disorder caused by brain damage and that is someti…
achievement test
A test that measures knowledge of a particular subject.
aptitude test
A test designed to predict a person's potential to benefit fr…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 13 Vocabulary Review
anal stage
archetypes
collective efficacy
collective unconscious
In Freud's theory, the stage of personality development, betw…
In Jung's theory, inherited images that are passed down from…
People's perception that with collaborative effort the group…
In Jung's theory, the unconscious mind that is shared by all…
anal stage
In Freud's theory, the stage of personality development, betw…
archetypes
In Jung's theory, inherited images that are passed down from…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 7 Vocabulary Review
avoidance learning
behavioral contingencies
behavioral preparedness
biofeedback
Learning to prevent the occurrence of an aversive stimulus by…
Relationships between behaviors and their consequences, such…
The degree to which members of a species are innately prepare…
A form of operant conditioning that enables an individual to…
avoidance learning
Learning to prevent the occurrence of an aversive stimulus by…
behavioral contingencies
Relationships between behaviors and their consequences, such…
17 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Prologue)
Behaviorism
Humanistic Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Psychology
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The science of behavior and mental processes
Behaviorism
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Humanistic Psychology
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 16 Vocabulary Review
atherosclerosis
cognitive appraisal
explanatory style
general adaptation syndrome
The narrowing of arteries caused by the accumulation of chole…
The subjective interpretation of the severity of a stressor.
The tendency to explain events optimistically or pessimistica…
As first identified by Hans Selye, the body's stress response…
atherosclerosis
The narrowing of arteries caused by the accumulation of chole…
cognitive appraisal
The subjective interpretation of the severity of a stressor.
Psychology 100 - Chapter 4 Vocabulary Review
accommodation
adolescence
adulthood
assimilation
The cognitive process that revises existing schemas to incorp…
The transition period lasting from the onset of puberty to th…
The period beginning when the individual assumes responsibili…
The cognitive process that interprets new information in ligh…
accommodation
The cognitive process that revises existing schemas to incorp…
adolescence
The transition period lasting from the onset of puberty to th…
53 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 2)
Biological Perspective
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological Perspective
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
385 terms
Psychology 100
What is psychology?
What are the three fields of psychology?
What is the difference between psychol…
What are the six main views of psychol…
The science of behavior and mental processes, which includes…
1. Experimental... 2. Teachers... 3. Applied
Psychiatry has a more medical point of view, and can prescrib…
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. Behavioral... 4. Whole-Person... 5. D…
What is psychology?
The science of behavior and mental processes, which includes…
What are the three fields of psychology?
1. Experimental... 2. Teachers... 3. Applied
302 terms
Psychology 100
scientific attitude
empirical approach
skepticism
overconfidence
At attitude toward psychological science that implies curiosi…
An approach developed by testing a pool of items and then sel…
The part of the scientific attitude that evaluates evidence,…
The tendency to be more confident than correct--to over-estim…
scientific attitude
At attitude toward psychological science that implies curiosi…
empirical approach
An approach developed by testing a pool of items and then sel…
149 terms
Psychology 100 Unit 1 Vocabulary
adaptations
behaviorism
cognitive neuroscience
cognitive psychology
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
The study of the neural mechanisms underlying thought, learni…
The study of mental functions such as intelligence, thinking,…
adaptations
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
behaviorism
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
129 terms
Psychology 100
One of the most consistently damaging…
Religious and ethnic diversity are mos…
A child's temperament is likely to be
Five-year-olds who were surprised to d…
Ephinephrine
Individualism
A product of their parenting style
Theory of Mind
One of the most consistently damaging…
Ephinephrine
Religious and ethnic diversity are mos…
Individualism
Psychology 100
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Clinical Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
(James) explored how mental and behavioral processes function…
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorder.
Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
Structuralism
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
302 terms
Psychology 100
scientific attitude
empirical approach
skepticism
overconfidence
At attitude toward psychological science that implies curiosi…
An approach developed by testing a pool of items and then sel…
The part of the scientific attitude that evaluates evidence,…
The tendency to be more confident than correct--to over-estim…
scientific attitude
At attitude toward psychological science that implies curiosi…
empirical approach
An approach developed by testing a pool of items and then sel…
33 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 1)
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 1
analytic introspection
applied research
basic research
behavioral genetics
A research method in which highly trained participants report…
Research aimed at improving the quality of life and solving p…
Research aimed at finding answers to questions out of theoret…
The study of the effects of heredity and life experiences on…
analytic introspection
A research method in which highly trained participants report…
applied research
Research aimed at improving the quality of life and solving p…
42 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 3)
Consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
Dual Processing
Blindsight
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
A condition in which a person can respond to a visual stimulu…
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Cognitive Neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
152 terms
Psychology 100 Unit 2 Vocabulary
absolute threshold
audition
binocular depth cues
binocular disparity
The minimum intensity of stimulation that must occur before y…
Hearing; the sense of sound perception.
Cues of depth perception that arise from the fact that people…
A depth cue; because of the distance between the two eyes, ea…
absolute threshold
The minimum intensity of stimulation that must occur before y…
audition
Hearing; the sense of sound perception.
50 terms
Psychology Vocabulary (51-100)
"Achievement Motivation"
"Defense Mechanism"
"Deindividuation" (Social Psychology)
Deinstitutionalization (Abnormal Psych)
The desire to achieve success... Studied by David McClelland (ps…
Mental technique (cognitive strategy) for defending our fragi…
When people lose a sense of personal identity and accountabil…
What happened across America in the 70s when mental hospitals…
"Achievement Motivation"
The desire to achieve success... Studied by David McClelland (ps…
"Defense Mechanism"
Mental technique (cognitive strategy) for defending our fragi…
18 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary ch. 1
Psychology
Science
Behavior
Mental Processes
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
The use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
Everything we do that can be directly observed.
The thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experienc…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Science
The use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
Psychology 100 - Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
activation-synthesis theory
age regression
amphetamines
attention
The theory that dreams are the by-products of the mind's atte…
A hypnotic state in which the individual apparently behaves a…
Stimulants used to maintain alertness and wakefulness.
The process by which the individual focuses awareness on cert…
activation-synthesis theory
The theory that dreams are the by-products of the mind's atte…
age regression
A hypnotic state in which the individual apparently behaves a…
13 terms
Psychology 100
Psychology is the scientific study of…
Wilhelm Wundt was both a _____ and a p…
____ is a branch of medicine dealing w…
Dr. Robinson is interested in how stre…
Behavior
Physiologist
Psychiatry
Neuroscience
Psychology is the scientific study of…
Behavior
Wilhelm Wundt was both a _____ and a p…
Physiologist
220 terms
Psychology 100 Exam 1
Psychology
Behavior
Mental Processes
The goals of psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Includes all of our outward or overt actions and reactions
Refers to all the internal, covert activity of our minds
Description, Explanation, Prediction, and Control
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Behavior
Includes all of our outward or overt actions and reactions
70 terms
Psychology 100 Chapter 3
Neuron
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
Interneurons
One of 2 basic units of the nervous system (the other is glia…
Neurons that transmit information from sensory cells in the b…
Neurons that transmit commands from the brain to the glands o…
Neurons that connect other neurons to each other; found only…
Neuron
One of 2 basic units of the nervous system (the other is glia…
Sensory Neurons
Neurons that transmit information from sensory cells in the b…
Psychology 100- Chapter 8
Instincts
Drives
Evolutionary Psychology
Expectancy Theory/Incentive Theory
Behavior that is present in all members of a species and inborn
Some "inbalance" occurs so we are motivated to fix it.
Certain behaviors/motivations were favored
Behavior is motivated by rewards
Instincts
Behavior that is present in all members of a species and inborn
Drives
Some "inbalance" occurs so we are motivated to fix it.
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 2)
Biological Perspective
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological Perspective
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
35 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 4
gender
aggression
relational aggression
X chromosome
The roles and characteristics that a culture expects from tho…
Any act intended to harm someone physically or emotionally.
An act of aggression (physical or verbal) intended to harm a…
The sex chromosome found in both men and women. Females have…
gender
The roles and characteristics that a culture expects from tho…
aggression
Any act intended to harm someone physically or emotionally.
Psychology 100
Social psychology
Self-fulfilling prophecy
attributions
Dispositional causes (Attributions)
The subfield in psychology that deals with how our thoughts,…
you have a belief. you behave in accordance with said belief…
is a personal explanation of the causes of behavior or events…
are internal factors, such as the internal traits needs or pe…
Social psychology
The subfield in psychology that deals with how our thoughts,…
Self-fulfilling prophecy
you have a belief. you behave in accordance with said belief…
35 terms
Psychology 100: Chapter 4
Psychoactive drugs: Basic Definition
Drug effects
Stimulants
Depressants
Mind altering substances that change the brain's neurochemist…
-The effects of a particular drug depends on which neurotrans…
-Increase behavioral and mental activity... -Neurotransmitter: D…
-Reduces behavioral and mental activity by depressing the CNS…
Psychoactive drugs: Basic Definition
Mind altering substances that change the brain's neurochemist…
Drug effects
-The effects of a particular drug depends on which neurotrans…
35 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 14
psychotherapy
biomedical therapy
eclectic approach
psychoanalysis
Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of int…
Prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's…
Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed that th…
psychotherapy
Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of int…
biomedical therapy
Prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
42 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 13
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disord…
psychological disorder
medical model
DSM-5
A psychological disorder marked by extreme inattention and/or…
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disord…
A psychological disorder marked by extreme inattention and/or…
psychological disorder
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
16 terms
Psychology 100 Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin Sheath
Synapse
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
A fatty tissue layer segmentally encasing the axons of some n…
Junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
Dendrites
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
Axon
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
18 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 9
motivation
drive-reduction theory
physiological need
homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
A basic bodily requirement.
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
drive-reduction theory
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
111 terms
Psychology 100 Unit 3 Vocabulary
aggression
altruism
attitudes
attributions
Any behavior that involves the intention to harm another.
Providing help when it is needed, without any apparent reward…
People's evaluations of objects, of events, or of ideas.
People's explanations for why events or actions occur.
aggression
Any behavior that involves the intention to harm another.
altruism
Providing help when it is needed, without any apparent reward…
34 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 7
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
The process of getting information into the memory system.
The process of retaining encoded information over time.
The process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
The process of getting information into the memory system.
408 terms
Psychology 100
Psychology
Theory
Basic research
Four goals of psychology
Scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
A general principle or set of principles that explains how a…
Research conducted for the purpose of advancing knowledge rat…
description, explanation, prediction, influence
Psychology
Scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
Theory
A general principle or set of principles that explains how a…
Psychology 100 Chapter 1
Mind-Brain Problem
Monism
Dualism
Nature vs. Nurture
"A fundamental psychological issue: Are mind and body separat…
The view that conscious experience is inseperable from the ph…
The mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the…
Is behavior due to genetics, the environment, or both?
Mind-Brain Problem
"A fundamental psychological issue: Are mind and body separat…
Monism
The view that conscious experience is inseperable from the ph…
33 terms
Psychology 100
What is Psychology?
cognitive
behavioral learning
neurobiological
The study of behavior and mental processes
focus on mind ( function, thinking, learning)
features of the environment are important for understanding b…
biological factors have important effects on behavior. ... (brai…
What is Psychology?
The study of behavior and mental processes
cognitive
focus on mind ( function, thinking, learning)
Psychology 100 Exam 1
Psychology
Pseudoscience
Goals of psychology
Structuralism
Scientific study of conscious experience
Any theory, method, or belief that appears to be based in sci…
Description: observing behavior without bias... Explanation: att…
-Edward Titchner ... -Study of basic elements of the conscious m…
Psychology
Scientific study of conscious experience
Pseudoscience
Any theory, method, or belief that appears to be based in sci…
63 terms
Psychology 100, Exam 2
Short-term memory
Long-term memory
Automatic processing
Effortful processing
Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the…
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memo…
Unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space…
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
Short-term memory
Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the…
Long-term memory
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memo…
78 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 6
learning
associative learning
stimulus
cognitive learning
The process of acquiring, through experience, new and relativ…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
Any event or situation that evokes a response.
The acquisition of mental information, whether by observing e…
learning
The process of acquiring, through experience, new and relativ…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
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