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Study sets matching "vocab psych 100"

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Study sets matching "vocab psych 100"

69 terms
Psychology 100
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Clinical Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
(James) explored how mental and behavioral processes function…
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorder.
Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
Structuralism
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
Psychology 100
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Clinical Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
(James) explored how mental and behavioral processes function…
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorder.
Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
Structuralism
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
27 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 14 Vocabulary Review
agoraphobia
antisocial personality disorder
anxiety disorder
bipolar disorder
A fear of being in public, usually because the person fears t…
A personality disorder marked by impulsive, manipulative, oft…
A psychological disorder marked by persistent anxiety that di…
A mood disorder marked by periods of mania alternating with l…
agoraphobia
A fear of being in public, usually because the person fears t…
antisocial personality disorder
A personality disorder marked by impulsive, manipulative, oft…
33 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 15 Vocabulary Review
analysis of dreams
analysis of free associations
analysis of resistances
analysis of transference
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
analysis of dreams
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
analysis of free associations
In psychoanalysis, the process by which the therapist interpr…
25 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 11 Vocabulary Review
achievement motive
anorexia nervosa
arousal motive
basal metabolic rate
The desire for mastery, excellence, and accomplishment.
An eating disorder marked by self-starvation.
The motive to maintain an optimal level of physiological acti…
The rate at which the body burns calories just to keep itself…
achievement motive
The desire for mastery, excellence, and accomplishment.
anorexia nervosa
An eating disorder marked by self-starvation.
56 terms
Psychology 100-Chapter 2 Vocabulary Review
archival research
case study
causation
coefficient of correlation
The systematic examination of collections of letters, manuscr…
An in-depth study of an individual.
An effect of one or more variables on another variable.
A statistic that assesses the degree of association between t…
archival research
The systematic examination of collections of letters, manuscr…
case study
An in-depth study of an individual.
77 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 3 Vocabulary Review
action potential
adrenal glands
all-or-none law
Alzheimer's disease
A series of changes in the electrical charge across the axona…
Endocrine glands that secrete hormones that regulate the excr…
The principle that once a neuron reaches its firing threshold…
A brain disorder characterized by difficulty in forming new m…
action potential
A series of changes in the electrical charge across the axona…
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands that secrete hormones that regulate the excr…
48 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary Review
acronym
constructive recall
context-dependent memory
decay theory
A mnemonic device that involves forming a term from the first…
The distortion of memories by adding, dropping, or changing d…
The tendency for recall to be best when the environmental con…
The theory that forgetting occurs because memories naturally…
acronym
A mnemonic device that involves forming a term from the first…
constructive recall
The distortion of memories by adding, dropping, or changing d…
15 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 12 Vocabulary Review
adaptation-level theory
Cannon-Bard theory
cognitive-appraisal theory
disparagement theory
The theory that happiness depends on comparing one's present…
The theory that an emotion is produced when an event or objec…
The theory that one's emotion at a given time depends on one'…
The theory that humor is amusing when it makes one feel super…
adaptation-level theory
The theory that happiness depends on comparing one's present…
Cannon-Bard theory
The theory that an emotion is produced when an event or objec…
84 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 5 Vocabulary Review
absolute threshold
accommodation
acupuncture
audition
The minimum amount of stimulation that an individual can dete…
The process by which the lens of the eye increases its curvat…
A pain-relieving technique that relies on the insertion of fi…
The sense of hearing.
absolute threshold
The minimum amount of stimulation that an individual can dete…
accommodation
The process by which the lens of the eye increases its curvat…
22 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 10 Vocabulary Review
achievement test
aptitude test
autism
cerebral palsy
A test that measures knowledge of a particular subject.
A test designed to predict a person's potential to benefit fr…
An often severe developmental disorder that includes deficien…
A movement disorder caused by brain damage and that is someti…
achievement test
A test that measures knowledge of a particular subject.
aptitude test
A test designed to predict a person's potential to benefit fr…
36 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 13 Vocabulary Review
anal stage
archetypes
collective efficacy
collective unconscious
In Freud's theory, the stage of personality development, betw…
In Jung's theory, inherited images that are passed down from…
People's perception that with collaborative effort the group…
In Jung's theory, the unconscious mind that is shared by all…
anal stage
In Freud's theory, the stage of personality development, betw…
archetypes
In Jung's theory, inherited images that are passed down from…
47 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 7 Vocabulary Review
avoidance learning
behavioral contingencies
behavioral preparedness
biofeedback
Learning to prevent the occurrence of an aversive stimulus by…
Relationships between behaviors and their consequences, such…
The degree to which members of a species are innately prepare…
A form of operant conditioning that enables an individual to…
avoidance learning
Learning to prevent the occurrence of an aversive stimulus by…
behavioral contingencies
Relationships between behaviors and their consequences, such…
17 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Prologue)
Behaviorism
Humanistic Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Psychology
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The science of behavior and mental processes
Behaviorism
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Humanistic Psychology
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
16 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 16 Vocabulary Review
atherosclerosis
cognitive appraisal
explanatory style
general adaptation syndrome
The narrowing of arteries caused by the accumulation of chole…
The subjective interpretation of the severity of a stressor.
The tendency to explain events optimistically or pessimistica…
As first identified by Hans Selye, the body's stress response…
atherosclerosis
The narrowing of arteries caused by the accumulation of chole…
cognitive appraisal
The subjective interpretation of the severity of a stressor.
47 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 4 Vocabulary Review
accommodation
adolescence
adulthood
assimilation
The cognitive process that revises existing schemas to incorp…
The transition period lasting from the onset of puberty to th…
The period beginning when the individual assumes responsibili…
The cognitive process that interprets new information in ligh…
accommodation
The cognitive process that revises existing schemas to incorp…
adolescence
The transition period lasting from the onset of puberty to th…
53 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 2)
Biological Perspective
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological Perspective
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
50 terms
Psychology Vocabulary (51-100)
"Achievement Motivation"
"Defense Mechanism"
"Deindividuation" (Social Psychology)
Deinstitutionalization (Abnormal Psych)
The desire to achieve success... Studied by David McClelland (ps…
Mental technique (cognitive strategy) for defending our fragi…
When people lose a sense of personal identity and accountabil…
What happened across America in the 70s when mental hospitals…
"Achievement Motivation"
The desire to achieve success... Studied by David McClelland (ps…
"Defense Mechanism"
Mental technique (cognitive strategy) for defending our fragi…
13 terms
Psychology 100
Psychology is the scientific study of…
Wilhelm Wundt was both a _____ and a p…
____ is a branch of medicine dealing w…
Dr. Robinson is interested in how stre…
Behavior
Physiologist
Psychiatry
Neuroscience
Psychology is the scientific study of…
Behavior
Wilhelm Wundt was both a _____ and a p…
Physiologist
33 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 1)
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
47 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 1
analytic introspection
applied research
basic research
behavioral genetics
A research method in which highly trained participants report…
Research aimed at improving the quality of life and solving p…
Research aimed at finding answers to questions out of theoret…
The study of the effects of heredity and life experiences on…
analytic introspection
A research method in which highly trained participants report…
applied research
Research aimed at improving the quality of life and solving p…
42 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 3)
Consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
Dual Processing
Blindsight
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
A condition in which a person can respond to a visual stimulu…
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Cognitive Neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
48 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
activation-synthesis theory
age regression
amphetamines
attention
The theory that dreams are the by-products of the mind's atte…
A hypnotic state in which the individual apparently behaves a…
Stimulants used to maintain alertness and wakefulness.
The process by which the individual focuses awareness on cert…
activation-synthesis theory
The theory that dreams are the by-products of the mind's atte…
age regression
A hypnotic state in which the individual apparently behaves a…
385 terms
Psychology 100
What is psychology?
What are the three fields of psychology?
What is the difference between psychol…
What are the six main views of psychol…
The science of behavior and mental processes, which includes…
1. Experimental... 2. Teachers... 3. Applied
Psychiatry has a more medical point of view, and can prescrib…
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. Behavioral... 4. Whole-Person... 5. D…
What is psychology?
The science of behavior and mental processes, which includes…
What are the three fields of psychology?
1. Experimental... 2. Teachers... 3. Applied
149 terms
Psychology 100 Unit 1 Vocabulary
adaptations
behaviorism
cognitive neuroscience
cognitive psychology
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
The study of the neural mechanisms underlying thought, learni…
The study of mental functions such as intelligence, thinking,…
adaptations
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
behaviorism
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
152 terms
Psychology 100 Unit 2 Vocabulary
absolute threshold
audition
binocular depth cues
binocular disparity
The minimum intensity of stimulation that must occur before y…
Hearing; the sense of sound perception.
Cues of depth perception that arise from the fact that people…
A depth cue; because of the distance between the two eyes, ea…
absolute threshold
The minimum intensity of stimulation that must occur before y…
audition
Hearing; the sense of sound perception.
18 terms
Psychology 100 Vocabulary ch. 1
Psychology
Science
Behavior
Mental Processes
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
The use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
Everything we do that can be directly observed.
The thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experienc…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Science
The use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
129 terms
Psychology 100
One of the most consistently damaging…
Religious and ethnic diversity are mos…
A child's temperament is likely to be
Five-year-olds who were surprised to d…
Ephinephrine
Individualism
A product of their parenting style
Theory of Mind
One of the most consistently damaging…
Ephinephrine
Religious and ethnic diversity are mos…
Individualism
Psychology 100 Vocabulary (Chapter 2)
Biological Perspective
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological Perspective
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior. Includ…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
16 terms
Psychology 100 Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin Sheath
Synapse
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
A fatty tissue layer segmentally encasing the axons of some n…
Junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
Dendrites
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
Axon
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
111 terms
Psychology 100 Unit 3 Vocabulary
aggression
altruism
attitudes
attributions
Any behavior that involves the intention to harm another.
Providing help when it is needed, without any apparent reward…
People's evaluations of objects, of events, or of ideas.
People's explanations for why events or actions occur.
aggression
Any behavior that involves the intention to harm another.
altruism
Providing help when it is needed, without any apparent reward…
20 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary #81-100
False Consensus effect
Hubel and Weisel
Feature Analysis
Feral children
Thinking that more people agree with you that really do
Won nobel prize for discovering "feature detector cells" in t…
What the brain does when its scanning objects to help you rec…
Kids who have grown up in the wild and been raised by animals
False Consensus effect
Thinking that more people agree with you that really do
Hubel and Weisel
Won nobel prize for discovering "feature detector cells" in t…
38 terms
Psychology 100 Ch. 3 Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Synaptic vesicle
nerve cell specialized for communication
portion of neuron that receives signals
portion of neuron that sends signals
spherical sac containing neurotransmitters
Neuron
nerve cell specialized for communication
Dendrite
portion of neuron that receives signals
302 terms
Psychology 100
scientific attitude
empirical approach
skepticism
overconfidence
At attitude toward psychological science that implies curiosi…
An approach developed by testing a pool of items and then sel…
The part of the scientific attitude that evaluates evidence,…
The tendency to be more confident than correct--to over-estim…
scientific attitude
At attitude toward psychological science that implies curiosi…
empirical approach
An approach developed by testing a pool of items and then sel…
42 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 13
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disord…
psychological disorder
medical model
DSM-5
A psychological disorder marked by extreme inattention and/or…
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disord…
A psychological disorder marked by extreme inattention and/or…
psychological disorder
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
35 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 4
gender
aggression
relational aggression
X chromosome
The roles and characteristics that a culture expects from tho…
Any act intended to harm someone physically or emotionally.
An act of aggression (physical or verbal) intended to harm a…
The sex chromosome found in both men and women. Females have…
gender
The roles and characteristics that a culture expects from tho…
aggression
Any act intended to harm someone physically or emotionally.
119 terms
psychology 100
social psychology
Need-to-belong theory
Social Facilitation
Fundamental Attribution Error
study of how people influence others behavior, beliefs and at…
biologically based need for interpersonal connections.... It lit…
When the mere presence of others enhances our performance e.g…
assigning causes to behavior (Internal vs external influence)
social psychology
study of how people influence others behavior, beliefs and at…
Need-to-belong theory
biologically based need for interpersonal connections.... It lit…
69 terms
Psychology 100
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Clinical Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
(James) explored how mental and behavioral processes function…
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorder.
Psychology
A science that seeks to understand human behavior.
Structuralism
(Wundt) used introspection to reveal the structure of the hum…
18 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 9
motivation
drive-reduction theory
physiological need
homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
A basic bodily requirement.
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
drive-reduction theory
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
35 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 14
psychotherapy
biomedical therapy
eclectic approach
psychoanalysis
Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of int…
Prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's…
Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed that th…
psychotherapy
Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of int…
biomedical therapy
Prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
27 terms
Psychology 100
Social psychology
Self-fulfilling prophecy
attributions
Dispositional causes (Attributions)
The subfield in psychology that deals with how our thoughts,…
you have a belief. you behave in accordance with said belief…
is a personal explanation of the causes of behavior or events…
are internal factors, such as the internal traits needs or pe…
Social psychology
The subfield in psychology that deals with how our thoughts,…
Self-fulfilling prophecy
you have a belief. you behave in accordance with said belief…
34 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 7
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
The process of getting information into the memory system.
The process of retaining encoded information over time.
The process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
The process of getting information into the memory system.
69 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 2
biological psychology
neuron
dendrites
axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Neuron extensions that receive messages and conduct them towa…
Neuron extension that sends messages to other neurons or cells.
biological psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
98 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 5
absolute threshold
amplitude
astrology
audition
the minimum intensity necessary for a stimulus to be detected…
the intensity of a sound or light output source expressed in…
the belief that the position of the stars and planets can aff…
the sense of hearing
absolute threshold
the minimum intensity necessary for a stimulus to be detected…
amplitude
the intensity of a sound or light output source expressed in…
70 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 2
action potential
agonist
antagonist
autonomic nervous system
the electrical impulse that conveys information from one neur…
any substance that mimics the action of a neurotransmitter an…
any substance that blocks the receptors of a particular neuro…
a part of the peripheral nervous system. the autonomic nervou…
action potential
the electrical impulse that conveys information from one neur…
agonist
any substance that mimics the action of a neurotransmitter an…
50 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 3
developmental psychology
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
genes
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
A molecule containing the genetic information that makes up t…
The biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
developmental psychology
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
78 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 6
learning
associative learning
stimulus
cognitive learning
The process of acquiring, through experience, new and relativ…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
Any event or situation that evokes a response.
The acquisition of mental information, whether by observing e…
learning
The process of acquiring, through experience, new and relativ…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
36 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 11
personality
psychodynamic theories
psychoanalysis
unconscious
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
View of personality with a focus on the unconscious and the i…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
psychodynamic theories
View of personality with a focus on the unconscious and the i…
33 terms
Psychology 100
What is Psychology?
cognitive
behavioral learning
neurobiological
The study of behavior and mental processes
focus on mind ( function, thinking, learning)
features of the environment are important for understanding b…
biological factors have important effects on behavior. ... (brai…
What is Psychology?
The study of behavior and mental processes
cognitive
focus on mind ( function, thinking, learning)
408 terms
Psychology 100
Psychology
Theory
Basic research
Four goals of psychology
Scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
A general principle or set of principles that explains how a…
Research conducted for the purpose of advancing knowledge rat…
description, explanation, prediction, influence
Psychology
Scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
Theory
A general principle or set of principles that explains how a…
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