Study sets matching "vocab words science chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "vocab words science chapter 4"

11 terms
Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary Words
artery
vein
bronchiole
capillary
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
a small tube in the lungs that carries air to air sacs
the smallest kind of blood vessels
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
vein
a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
nucleus
proton
atomic mass unit
neutron
small, dense positively charged center of an atom
subatomic particle that has a POSITIVE charge and is found in…
unit used to measure the masses of subatomic particles;
subatomic particle that has NO charge and is found in the NUC…
nucleus
small, dense positively charged center of an atom
proton
subatomic particle that has a POSITIVE charge and is found in…
7 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Competition
Parasite
Host
Succession
when two or more species in an ecosystem must use the same li…
an organism that lives on or in another organism, helping its…
an organism that is harmed by a parasite.
gradual change from one community of organisms to another
Competition
when two or more species in an ecosystem must use the same li…
Parasite
an organism that lives on or in another organism, helping its…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
sere
secondary succession
softwood
topography
stage succession
series of events
Bears Cones
mountains, valleys, rivers
sere
stage succession
secondary succession
series of events
21 terms
Science chapter 4 vocabulary words
need
resource
competition
symbiosis
an object or condition required for survival
a supply of something useful for survival
a relationship in which two or more organisms struggle for th…
a close relationship in which two or more organisms from diff…
need
an object or condition required for survival
resource
a supply of something useful for survival
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary Words
drought
endangered organism
extinct organism
fossil
a long period of dry weather
a kind of living thing of which very few exist and that somed…
a kind of living thing that is no longer found on the earth
the hardened parts or marks left by an animal or plant that l…
drought
a long period of dry weather
endangered organism
a kind of living thing of which very few exist and that somed…
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary Words
endangered
extinct
hazardous waste
succession
a species that is at risk of dying out.
a species that has no living members.
harmful to organisms and the environment.
process of one community replacing another community.
endangered
a species that is at risk of dying out.
extinct
a species that has no living members.
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary Words
Matter
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Matter is the Stuff Around You. Matter is everything around y…
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
The central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
The proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p+, with a po…
Matter
Matter is the Stuff Around You. Matter is everything around y…
Atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Chapter 4 Science Words
Friction
Gravity
Balanced forces
Net force
A force that works against motion
The force that Earth applies to objects near its surface
Forces acting on an object that are equal and opposite
The combination of all the forces acting on an object
Friction
A force that works against motion
Gravity
The force that Earth applies to objects near its surface
Science Chapter 4 Energy
pitch
sound
frequency
volume
how high or low a sound it
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
a measure of how strong a sound seems to us
pitch
how high or low a sound it
sound
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
18 terms
Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
benthic zone
biome
canopy
chaparral
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
in a forest the covering of tall trees whose intertwining bra…
coastal biome with low lying vegetation
benthic zone
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
biome
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary Words
Ecological Succession
Primary Succession
Substrate
Pioneer Species
the predictable and orderly changes that occur over time in a…
the series of changes occurring in a newly formed, barren hab…
the base, usually rock or soil, in which an organisms lives
the first species to populate or repopulate a barren or distu…
Ecological Succession
the predictable and orderly changes that occur over time in a…
Primary Succession
the series of changes occurring in a newly formed, barren hab…
Behavioral Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Macrosociology
Microsociology
Status
Ascribed Status
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
A description of your position in society and expected roles…
A status given at birth, not chosen (Ex. Male, white, son)
Macrosociology
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Microsociology
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
10 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
emission
Gulf Stream
Santa Ana
crust
giving off radiant energy
A warm surface current
A warm, dry wind
Earth's this, solid, outer layer
emission
giving off radiant energy
Gulf Stream
A warm surface current
12 terms
science 8: chapter 4 vocabulary
nucleus (+)
proton (+) (P-P)
electron (-) (short e sound)
neutron (neutral)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus (+)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
proton (+) (P-P)
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
Science Vocabulary Chapter 4
Invasive Organism
Conserve
Recycle
Pollution
A plant or animal that does not belong in a place and harms it.
To use resources in a careful way.
To use something again.
Is a harmful substance that people put into the air, water an…
Invasive Organism
A plant or animal that does not belong in a place and harms it.
Conserve
To use resources in a careful way.
Chapter 4 science vocabulary words
Energy
Gas
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory of matter
ability to cause changes in matter
state of matter that has neither a fixed volume nor a fixed s…
energy of moving matter
theory that all matter consists of constantly moving particles
Energy
ability to cause changes in matter
Gas
state of matter that has neither a fixed volume nor a fixed s…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
rock
rock cycle
igneous rock
lava
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
rock
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
12 terms
Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weathering
chemical weathering
horizon
erosion
The natural processes that break down rocks without transport…
The process in which rocks break down due to chemical changes…
A layer of soil that is distinct from the layers above and be…
The transportation of weathered rock from one place to another.
weathering
The natural processes that break down rocks without transport…
chemical weathering
The process in which rocks break down due to chemical changes…
9 terms
Science Vocabulary for Chapter 4
adaptation
hibernate
camouflage
mimicry
a trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment
to rest or sleep through the cold winter
an adaptation by which an animal can hide by blending in with…
an adaptation in which one kind of organism has similar trait…
adaptation
a trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment
hibernate
to rest or sleep through the cold winter
10 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
adaptations
camouflage
hibernate
stimulus
traits that help an organism survive in its environment
animals that blend in with their environment have this adapta…
some animals do this to avoid the cold of winter
something in an environment that causes a living thing to react
adaptations
traits that help an organism survive in its environment
camouflage
animals that blend in with their environment have this adapta…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
ecological succession
primary succession
substrate
pioneer species
the predictable and orderly changes that occur over time in a…
the series of changes occurring in a newly formed, barren hab…
the base, usually rock or soil, in which an organism lives
the first species to populate or repopulate a barren or distu…
ecological succession
the predictable and orderly changes that occur over time in a…
primary succession
the series of changes occurring in a newly formed, barren hab…
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
adaptation
decomposer
parasite
predator
a change that occurs to fit certain conditions
organisms that break down dead plant and animal material.
something that lives from another creature
animal that hunts live animals for food
adaptation
a change that occurs to fit certain conditions
decomposer
organisms that break down dead plant and animal material.
chapter 4 science vocabulary
fish
amphibian
cold-blooded
reptile
A vertebrate adapted to living its entire life in the water.
Vertebrates that can live in water or on land but must return…
Relating to an animal whose body temperature changes as the t…
A cold-blooded animal that has a dry , protective covering of…
fish
A vertebrate adapted to living its entire life in the water.
amphibian
Vertebrates that can live in water or on land but must return…
Chapter 4 vocabulary words science
focus
epicenter
stress
tension
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's f…
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
focus
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
epicenter
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's f…
Science chapter 4 vocabulary words
Stress
Tension
Compression
Shearing
A force that acts on rock to change its shape and volume
The stress force that pulls on the crust and thins rock in th…
The force that squeezes rock until it breaks
The stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directi…
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape and volume
Tension
The stress force that pulls on the crust and thins rock in th…
Science - Chapter 4
producer
ecosystem
consumer
habitat
living things that make their own food
all living and nonliving things in an environment and how the…
living things that eat other living things
area where an organism lives in an ecosystem
producer
living things that make their own food
ecosystem
all living and nonliving things in an environment and how the…
15 terms
Science Chapter 4
biosphere
ecosystem
ecology
population
the part of the Earth that supports life
all of the organisms living in an area, as well as all of the…
the study of interactions that occur among organisms and thei…
made up of all of the same species that live in an area at th…
biosphere
the part of the Earth that supports life
ecosystem
all of the organisms living in an area, as well as all of the…
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary Words
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
phtosynthesis
transfers energy to cell processes
lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead o…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars tha…
ATP
transfers energy to cell processes
ADP
lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
9 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary words (6th Science)
nonrenewable resources
renewable resources
nuclear energy
reclamation
resources that are used faster than they can be replaced by n…
resources that can be replaced by natural resources
energy released from atomic reactions
a process in which mined land must be recovered with the soil…
nonrenewable resources
resources that are used faster than they can be replaced by n…
renewable resources
resources that can be replaced by natural resources
Chapter 4 science vocabulary words
Adaptation
Species
Fossil
Fossil record
A characteristic that improves an individuals ability to surv…
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
The trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most…
A historical sequence of life indicated by fossil found in la…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individuals ability to surv…
Species
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
26 terms
Science: Chapter 4 Vocabulary
glacier
precipitation
ocean
ice sheet
A large body of (fresh water) ice that moves slowly over land.
Water droplets that form in the atmosphere and fall to the gr…
A large body of salt water that covers about 70% of Earth's s…
A large covering of ice and snow that lasts a long time. They…
glacier
A large body of (fresh water) ice that moves slowly over land.
precipitation
Water droplets that form in the atmosphere and fall to the gr…
11 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
artery
capillary
vein
trachea
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
the smallest kind of blood vessels
a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
the tube that carries air from the larynx
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
capillary
the smallest kind of blood vessels
17 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 4
electric charge
static electricity
electric field
neutral
a basic property of the tiny particles that make up matter; c…
the buildup of electric charges in one place
the area around electric charges, where electric forces can act
when there are an equal amount of positive and negative charges
electric charge
a basic property of the tiny particles that make up matter; c…
static electricity
the buildup of electric charges in one place
Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary Words
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Fermentation
Homologous Chromosomes
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
The process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from…
The breakdown of food without the use of oxygen.
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from…
Chapter 4 Vocabulary- Life Science
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
CHROMOSOME
DIPLOID
DNA
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all living cells, whic…
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
CHROMOSOME
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
16 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
foliated
compaction
texture
rock forming minerals
metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layer…
The process by which sediments are pressed together under the…
The look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by the size…
Any of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks on…
foliated
metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layer…
compaction
The process by which sediments are pressed together under the…
Science Chapter 4 Review
Ocean
Oceanographer
70%
Dirt, rocks, and volcanoes
large body of salt water
someone who studies the ocean
the amount of the earth that oceans cover
where the ocean gets its saltiness
Ocean
large body of salt water
Oceanographer
someone who studies the ocean
19 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Circulatory system
Excretory system
Digestive system
Nervous system
System that moves blood through the body.
Where liquid wastes, created when cells break down chemicals…
Breaks down food
Controls the body
Circulatory system
System that moves blood through the body.
Excretory system
Where liquid wastes, created when cells break down chemicals…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary (Science)
ecosystem
community
population
climate
This is made up of all the living and nonliving things that i…
The group of living organisms found in an ecosystem.
This consists of all the members of the same type of organism…
This refers to the type of weather that occurs in an area ove…
ecosystem
This is made up of all the living and nonliving things that i…
community
The group of living organisms found in an ecosystem.
44 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary: Science
Telescope
Electromagnetic radiation
Visible light
Wavelength
is a device that makes distant objects appear closer
energy that can travel through space in forms of waves
light that you can see
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Telescope
is a device that makes distant objects appear closer
Electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in forms of waves
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
18 terms
Interactive Science Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
science vocabulary chapter 4
kinetic energy
joule
potential energy
elastic potential energy
Energy of motion
SI unit of energy
Stored Energy
the energy of stretched or compressed objects
kinetic energy
Energy of motion
joule
SI unit of energy
36 terms
Science 6 Chapter 4 Review
organism
life span
life cycle
energy
A living thing
The maximum length of life that is biologically possible for…
The entire sequence of stages in the life of an organism, fro…
Ability to do work
organism
A living thing
life span
The maximum length of life that is biologically possible for…
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Sexual Reproduction
Egg
Sperm
Fertilization
A type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
A female sex cell; forms in an ovary
A male sex cell; forms in a testis
A process where an egg cell and a sperm cell join together
Sexual Reproduction
A type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
Egg
A female sex cell; forms in an ovary
25 terms
Chapter 4 Science "Plants" Vocabulary
pollen
pollination
photosynthesis
xylem
the yellow powder that is made in the tissue at the top of th…
when pollen is moved from the stamen to the pistil
the process that plants use to make sugar
tubes in a plant that carry materials to the leaves
pollen
the yellow powder that is made in the tissue at the top of th…
pollination
when pollen is moved from the stamen to the pistil
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Dalton's Theory
nucleus
Subatomic Particles
proton
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
the central core of the atom
Three types of tiny particles that make up an atom
one of the POSITIVELY charged particles in an atom's nucleus
Dalton's Theory
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
nucleus
the central core of the atom
9 terms
Science - Chapter 4
valence electron
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
1. electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using dots
the force that holds two atoms together
An atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged.
valence electron
1. electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using dots
CHAPTER 4 SCIENCE VOCABULARY
Diffusion
Osmosis
Semipermeable
Passive Transport
movements from high areas of concentration to areas of low co…
diffusion of water through the cell membrane
certain materials are able to go into or out of the cell
the movement of particles across the cell membrane without th…
Diffusion
movements from high areas of concentration to areas of low co…
Osmosis
diffusion of water through the cell membrane
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