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Study sets matching "vocabulaire earth science 4"

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Study sets matching "vocabulaire earth science 4"

42 terms
4 Earth Science Earth
1968
Apollo 8
Vietnam war social injustice riots Col…
December 21 , 1968
In ______ ( year) the first space ship orbited the moon.
What was the space ship called that orbited the moon for the…
What was some of the conflicts going on when we orbited the m…
When did Apollo 8 launch .
1968
In ______ ( year) the first space ship orbited the moon.
Apollo 8
What was the space ship called that orbited the moon for the…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
10 terms
Earth Science 4.1 Earth's Interior
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
Waves produced by earthquakes
Force pressing on a certain area
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer skin
A layer of hot rock beneath the crust
Seismic Waves
Waves produced by earthquakes
Pressure
Force pressing on a certain area
13 terms
Earth Science Topic 4
axis
constellation
Coriolis effect
eclipse
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and…
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by another
axis
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
25 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary 4
Jet Stream
Joule
Kinetic energy
land breeze
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Used to measure energy
energy in motion
blows at night from the land to sea
Jet Stream
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Joule
Used to measure energy
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
18 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4 "ROCKS"
Granitic
Rock Cycle
Basaltic
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous rocks that are light-colored rocks of lower density t…
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Igneous rocks that are dense, dark-colored, and form from mag…
Rock that has changed because of changes in temperature and p…
Granitic
Igneous rocks that are light-colored rocks of lower density t…
Rock Cycle
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
12 terms
Earth Science 4
Summer Solstice
Solstice
Winter Solstice
Spring Equinox
The first day of summer when the earth is tilted directly tow…
Occurs when the earth is either fully tilted toward the sun o…
The first day of winter when the earth is fully tilted away f…
The first day of spring when the earth begins to tilt toward…
Summer Solstice
The first day of summer when the earth is tilted directly tow…
Solstice
Occurs when the earth is either fully tilted toward the sun o…
10 terms
Earth Science week 4
Gravitational pull
Big Bang Theory
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Satellite
The force of gravity between two objects like the Earth and t…
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
The arrangement of waves of radiant energy in order of wavele…
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a planet
Gravitational pull
The force of gravity between two objects like the Earth and t…
Big Bang Theory
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
10 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 4
rock cycle
rock
erosion
deposition
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
wind, water, ice, or gravity transport soil and sediment form…
process in which material is laid down
rock cycle
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
19 terms
Earth Science 3.4 Glaciers
Glacier
Continental Glacier
Ice Age
Valley Glacier
A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
A glacier that covers most of a continent or large island
A time when a continental glacier covered large parts of eart…
A long, narrow glacier formed when snow and ice build up high…
Glacier
A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
Continental Glacier
A glacier that covers most of a continent or large island
12 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Outer Planets
Inner Planets
Star
Moon
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
Object that makes its own light
Satellite that orbits a planet
Outer Planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto
Inner Planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
19 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Geology
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
surrounds the inner core, this is LIQUID iron and nickel
the thickest layer of the earth - it is mostly iron, silicon…
Geology
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
Inner Core
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
8 terms
Earth Science 4
Alternative Energy
Solar energy
Hydroelectric Energy
Geothermal Energy
Sources of energy to use in place of nonrenewable resources w…
Transferring heat and light from the sun into electrical ener…
Transferring the energy in running water into electrical ener…
Capturing the heat within the earth to use for heat in homes
Alternative Energy
Sources of energy to use in place of nonrenewable resources w…
Solar energy
Transferring heat and light from the sun into electrical ener…
45 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4 "ROCKS"
Granitic
Rock Cycle
Basaltic
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous rocks that are light-colored, high silica content ign…
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Igneous rocks that are dense, dark-colored, and form from lav…
Rock that has changed because of changes in temperature and p…
Granitic
Igneous rocks that are light-colored, high silica content ign…
Rock Cycle
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
18 terms
Earth Science - Test 4
climate
weather
hurricane
tornado
the pattern of weather over many years
the day to day conditions in the atmosphere
a tropical storm that forms over the ocean
a rapidly circling column of air
climate
the pattern of weather over many years
weather
the day to day conditions in the atmosphere
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Minerals
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
a naturally occuring, inorganic solid with a specific chemica…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
molten (melted) material found beneath Earth's surface
mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and make up approxi…
mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic solid with a specific chemica…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Rocks
Texture
Grains
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
the look and feel of the rock's surface
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
a type of rock that forms form the cooling of molten rock at…
a type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Texture
the look and feel of the rock's surface
Grains
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
8 terms
Earth Science 4.1 Vocabulary
cosmology
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
celestial object
The study of the origin, properties, processes, and evolution…
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
Relatively uniform low temperature radiation that is present…
Any object that exists in space.
cosmology
The study of the origin, properties, processes, and evolution…
Big Bang Theory
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
8 terms
Earth Science Ch 4
Landforms
Erosion
Glacier
Deposition
A surface feature of Earth's land
The process of picking up weathered rock and moving it to a n…
A large sheet of ice that moves slowly over land
The process of dropping eroded rock in a new place
Landforms
A surface feature of Earth's land
Erosion
The process of picking up weathered rock and moving it to a n…
8 terms
Earth science #4
cleavage
Crystal Structure
Fracture
Hardness
The tendency of a mineral to break along the zones of weaknes…
The arrangement of atoms.
If a mineral lacks preferred zones of weakness in a crystal s…
The state or quality of being hard.
cleavage
The tendency of a mineral to break along the zones of weaknes…
Crystal Structure
The arrangement of atoms.
62 terms
Earth Science chp. 4
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuels
coal
one that is being replaced at least as quickly (or perhaps fa…
a resource that humans are consuming faster than it is being…
- coal, oil, natural gas... - formed primarily during the Carbon…
- fossil fuel made primarily from terrestrial plant material…
renewable resource
one that is being replaced at least as quickly (or perhaps fa…
nonrenewable resource
a resource that humans are consuming faster than it is being…
38 terms
Earth Science Chap 4
Matter
Mass
Physical properties
Chemical properties
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter an object has
can be observed without changing the substance
how a substance reacts with other substances
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
the amount of matter an object has
183 terms
4 earth science finals
glacial ice comes from snow which has…
found in polar regions ... ex) ___________
glacial origins are indicated by _____…
valley glaciers form in __________ and…
compacted
continental glaciers... greenland
cirques... U shaped valleys
mountains... downward
glacial ice comes from snow which has…
compacted
found in polar regions ... ex) ___________
continental glaciers... greenland
science term 4 earth science
minerals
minerals identification
3 major rocks
lava
naturally occurring inorganic solids that have a regular atom…
hardness, density, colour, lustre, crystal form, cleavage, st…
igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic
molten rock found above the Earth
minerals
naturally occurring inorganic solids that have a regular atom…
minerals identification
hardness, density, colour, lustre, crystal form, cleavage, st…
26 terms
Earth Science Unit 4
Longitude
Globe
Eastern, Western
Prime Meridian
Longitude is measured from the Prime Meridian (which is the l…
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
The two hemispheres formed by the prime meridian and the 180…
The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes throug…
Longitude
Longitude is measured from the Prime Meridian (which is the l…
Globe
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
15 terms
Earth Science Credit 4
plate boundary
faults
strike-slip fault
folded mountain
where two rigid sections of the lithosphere (plates) meet
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
a fault along which the movement is horizontal and parallel t…
a mountain created primarily by compressional stresses; such…
plate boundary
where two rigid sections of the lithosphere (plates) meet
faults
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
Rock
Grains
How do geologists use grains to classi…
What are two observations geologists u…
A natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Fragments that make up a rock
By the grain's size, shape, and chemical composition
Texture and composition
Rock
A natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Grains
Fragments that make up a rock
10 terms
Vocab Week 4(Earth Science)
Matter
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
anything that has mass, composed of atoms
made up of protons, neutrons and electrons
in the nucleus of an atom and has a positive charge
in the nucleus of an atom and has a neutral charge
Matter
anything that has mass, composed of atoms
Atoms
made up of protons, neutrons and electrons
13 terms
Grade 4 Science: Earth Materials
mineral
rock
composition
physical property
An ingredient of rock that cannot... be broken down any further
An earth material made up of... different ingredients called min…
The way something is put together
Something you can observe such as size, color, shape, or text…
mineral
An ingredient of rock that cannot... be broken down any further
rock
An earth material made up of... different ingredients called min…
47 terms
Earth Science Term 4
Primary waves
Secondary waves
Body waves
Surface waves
fastest waves... travel through solids, liquids, or gases... longit…
slower than Primary waves... travel through solids only... transver…
Primary and Secondary waves
Rayleigh and Love waves. ... Travel below or along the grounds s…
Primary waves
fastest waves... travel through solids, liquids, or gases... longit…
Secondary waves
slower than Primary waves... travel through solids only... transver…
18 terms
Earth Science: Ch. 4 - Rocks
rock
rock cycle
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
A model to show the processes that create and change rocks.
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
A model to show the processes that create and change rocks.
22 terms
Utah Earth Science Standard 4
Hydrosphere
groundwater
water cycle
evaporation
all the water on Earth
water found in aquifers, or spaces underground
the cycle that moves water through living and nonliving things
water changes from a liquid to a gas; molecules speed up
Hydrosphere
all the water on Earth
groundwater
water found in aquifers, or spaces underground
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Topic 4
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
electromagnetic energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
Stored energy; energy an object or system has due to it posit…
Energy that has the properties of transverse waves
energy
The ability to do work.
kinetic energy
The energy of motion.
31 terms
Earth Science - Chp. 4
23 1/2°
Waters special properties
Earth's perfect atmosphere
Earth's magnetic field
The incline of the Earth's axis from the vertical
1. It dissolves and transports nutrients that living things n…
1. Made of gases that are colorless and clear... 2. Blocks dange…
1. Provides protection against dangerous energetic radiation…
23 1/2°
The incline of the Earth's axis from the vertical
Waters special properties
1. It dissolves and transports nutrients that living things n…
10 terms
Earth Science week 4
Gravitational pull
Big Bang Theory
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Satellite
The force of gravity between two objects like the Earth and t…
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
The arrangement of waves of radiant energy in order of wavele…
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a planet
Gravitational pull
The force of gravity between two objects like the Earth and t…
Big Bang Theory
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
22 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4
coal
how to recycle glass
plastic water bottles
solar power
nonrenewable fossil fuel
melt and reform the glass
made from oil
energy from sun/type of power that conserves resources
coal
nonrenewable fossil fuel
how to recycle glass
melt and reform the glass
15 terms
Science 4 Earth Science chapter 5
mineral
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
relative age
Minerals are naturally occurring substances that are neither…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
The age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
mineral
Minerals are naturally occurring substances that are neither…
igneous rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
37 terms
Earth Science chapter 4
Earth's gravity
Earth's structure
Our moon
The Earth's tilt
The earth has just the right amount of gravity at its surface…
The earth has a solid surface constructed in layers. These la…
Are moon is 100 times larger than the average man. It causes…
The Earth's tilt and rotation speed allow the sun to evenly h…
Earth's gravity
The earth has just the right amount of gravity at its surface…
Earth's structure
The earth has a solid surface constructed in layers. These la…
17 terms
Earth Science Ch.4
Electrons
2
8
Periodic Table Pattern for Outer Elect…
This atom particle determines how an element will behave and…
# of electrons the 1st energy level can hold
# of electrons the 2nd energy level can hold
Elements in the same Family/ Group have the same # of outer e…
Electrons
This atom particle determines how an element will behave and…
2
# of electrons the 1st energy level can hold
16 terms
Earth Science Facts Practice 3.4
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu a…
Stromboli volcano
Mount Katmai
Novarupta volcano
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu and read through the car…
The term "strombolian eruption" is based on this Italian volc…
In 1912, the top of this Alaskan volcano collapsed when its m…
This lava dome marks the site of the world's largest volcanic…
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu a…
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu and read through the car…
Stromboli volcano
The term "strombolian eruption" is based on this Italian volc…
37 terms
Earth Science Unit 4
GEYSER
HOT SPRING
SPOUTERS
FUMAROLE
a hot spring that periodically blows steam and water into the…
heated water that rises to the surface
water that continuously bubbles and gives off steam
superheated steam that rises to the surface
GEYSER
a hot spring that periodically blows steam and water into the…
HOT SPRING
heated water that rises to the surface
16 terms
Earth science 4.2
Describe the two main disadvantages of…
What are two main advantages of solar…
Describe how passive solar energy warm…
What are two drawbacks for solar energy
-Only last about another 170 years... - Burning of fossil fuesl…
Free and non polluting
As sun passes through, objects in room warm up, objects then…
- Money for equippment and instilation... - supplemental heating…
Describe the two main disadvantages of…
-Only last about another 170 years... - Burning of fossil fuesl…
What are two main advantages of solar…
Free and non polluting
21 terms
Earth Science Chapt 4
asthenosphere
continental crust
continental drift
convection
layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of…
material that makes up landmasses
hypothesis stating that the continents once formed a single l…
transfer of heat through the movement of fluid material
asthenosphere
layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of…
continental crust
material that makes up landmasses
8 terms
Earth Science #4
clevage
Crystal structure
Fracture
Hardness
The tendency of a mineral to break along the zones of weaknes…
atomic arrangement of atoms in a mineral
when a mineral lacks preferred zones of weakness in the cryst…
scratchability of a mineral, not how easily it breaks
clevage
The tendency of a mineral to break along the zones of weaknes…
Crystal structure
atomic arrangement of atoms in a mineral
13 terms
Earth Science ch4
Renewable resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Fossil Fuel
Ore
A renewable resource can be replenished over fairly short tim…
By contrast, a nonrenewable resource takes millions of years…
A fossil fuel is any hydrocarbon that may be used as a source…
Ore is a useful metallic mineral that can be mined at a profit.
Renewable resources
A renewable resource can be replenished over fairly short tim…
Nonrenewable Resources
By contrast, a nonrenewable resource takes millions of years…
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
Charles Lyell
Charles Darwin
James Hutton
John Whitcomb
Father of Geology; uniformitarianism
Father of Evolution
Founder of Modern Geology; believed that the earth is ancient…
co-authored The Genesis Flood; restored the young earth view
Charles Lyell
Father of Geology; uniformitarianism
Charles Darwin
Father of Evolution
52 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Aeolian
Aeolian Process
Aeolian landforms
Deserts
Pertaining to geological processes powered by the wind.
include the erosion, transport, and deposition of material by…
Geomorphic change primarily in deserts, but can do work in co…
a barren region with little or no rainfall, usually sandy and…
Aeolian
Pertaining to geological processes powered by the wind.
Aeolian Process
include the erosion, transport, and deposition of material by…
13 terms
Earth Science Facts Practice 2.4
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu a…
terminal moraine
lateral moraine
hanging cirque
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu and read through the car…
#60 is a
#61 is a
#63 is a
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu a…
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu and read through the car…
terminal moraine
#60 is a
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