How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "vocabulary 4 physical science"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "vocabulary 4 physical science"

10 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary 4
relative density
volume
density
physical state of matter
how the densities of different kinds of matter compare to eac…
the amount of space matter takes up
the amount of matter in a certain amount of volume (this is w…
one of three forms in which matter can exist (solid, liquid,…
relative density
how the densities of different kinds of matter compare to eac…
volume
the amount of space matter takes up
10 terms
Physical Science Wk. 4 Vocabulary
microscope
magnifying glass
observe
compare
A tool that has the power to magnify objects much more than a…
A tool that allows scientists to look closely at things that…
To watch, look, or notice.
To notice how discoveries are different and how they are simi…
microscope
A tool that has the power to magnify objects much more than a…
magnifying glass
A tool that allows scientists to look closely at things that…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
25 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary (#4)
Aqueous substance
Catalyst
Chemical bond
Chemical change
Substance dissolved in water. Chemically formula fooled by su…
something that brings about a change in something else.
an interaction that holds atoms or ions together.
(chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecula…
Aqueous substance
Substance dissolved in water. Chemically formula fooled by su…
Catalyst
something that brings about a change in something else.
40 terms
Physical Science Ch. 4
joule
kinetic energy, potential energy, radi…
kinetic energy
whole body kinetic energy
the SI unit for energy; 1 newton x 1 meter
What are the three main forms of energy?
energy in motion; can be the motion of part of an object or t…
the energy of an entire object moving; part of an object's me…
joule
the SI unit for energy; 1 newton x 1 meter
kinetic energy, potential energy, radi…
What are the three main forms of energy?
12 terms
Chapter 4 Physical Science Vocabulary
nucleus
proton
electron
neutron
A dense, positively charged mass located in the center of the…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus
A dense, positively charged mass located in the center of the…
proton
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
10 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary 4
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
noble gas
elements that are good conductors of heat and electricity
elements that are poor conductors of heat and electricity
elements with properties that fall between those of metals an…
Group 8A of the periodic table
metal
elements that are good conductors of heat and electricity
nonmetal
elements that are poor conductors of heat and electricity
11 terms
Physical Science 4 vocabulary
energy
work
heat energy
light energy
the capacity to do work
done when a force is applied to an object to set it in motion
can change a solid to a liquid and a liquid to a gas
helps with photosynthesis
energy
the capacity to do work
work
done when a force is applied to an object to set it in motion
5 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary #4
Electricity
Electric Circuit
Magnetic Field
Insulator
the energy of moving charges in atoms
an electrical device that provides a path for electrical curr…
the area of magnetic force around a magnet
a material through which energy cannot flow
Electricity
the energy of moving charges in atoms
Electric Circuit
an electrical device that provides a path for electrical curr…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
Boyle's Law
solution
mixture
plasma
for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volu…
a homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances.
a sustance that can be separated physically
a state of matter that makes up 99% of the particles in the u…
Boyle's Law
for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volu…
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances.
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
The buoyant force on an object is equa…
The change from a solid state to a liq…
The upward force on an object immersed…
When the force is applied to a confine…
Archimedes' Principle
Melting
Buoyant Force
Pascal's Principle
The buoyant force on an object is equa…
Archimedes' Principle
The change from a solid state to a liq…
Melting
12 terms
Unit 4 Vocabulary-Physical Science
balanced chemical equation
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
a chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each ele…
shorthand method to describe chemical reactions using chemica…
process in which one or more substances are changed into new…
number, in a chemical equation, which represents the number o…
balanced chemical equation
a chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each ele…
chemical equation
shorthand method to describe chemical reactions using chemica…
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
matter -
solid -
liquid -
viscosity -
anything that takes up space and has mass.
matter with a definite shape and volume.
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape that…
how much a liquid resists flowing.
matter -
anything that takes up space and has mass.
solid -
matter with a definite shape and volume.
19 terms
Physical Science 1.4 vocabulary
Periodic table of elements
atomic mass
atomic number
chemical symbol
table used to organize elements based on their atomic number
the sum of the protons and neutrons of an atom
number of protons in an atom
1-2 Letter abbreviation for an element name
Periodic table of elements
table used to organize elements based on their atomic number
atomic mass
the sum of the protons and neutrons of an atom
15 terms
Physical Science Week 4 Vocabulary
microscopic -
magnify-
field of view-
magnifying glass-
so small as to be visible only with a microscope.
make (something) appear larger than it is, especially with a…
the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument, e…
a lens that produces an enlarged image, typically set in a fr…
microscopic -
so small as to be visible only with a microscope.
magnify-
make (something) appear larger than it is, especially with a…
34 terms
Physical Science: Chp. 4 Vocabulary
atom
John Dalton
nucleus
protons
p.104 derived from the Greek word meaning unable to be divide…
p. 105 proposed atoms could not be divided. All atoms of a gi…
p. 106 this is at the center of each atom; it is small and de…
p. 106 have a positive charge, it is a subatomic particle fou…
atom
p.104 derived from the Greek word meaning unable to be divide…
John Dalton
p. 105 proposed atoms could not be divided. All atoms of a gi…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
colloid
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
a mixture that appears to be the same throughout
a homogeneous mixture with particles permanently suspended
mixture
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
38 terms
Physical Science Standard 4 Vocabulary
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
The basic particle from which all elements are made.
A negatively particle that is found outside the nucleus of an…
The central core of the atom, containing protons and usually…
A positively charged particle that is part of an atom's nucle…
atom
The basic particle from which all elements are made.
electron
A negatively particle that is found outside the nucleus of an…
18 terms
Interactive Science Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Dalton's Theory
nucleus
Subatomic Particles
proton
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
the central core of the atom
Three types of tiny particles that make up an atom
one of the POSITIVELY charged particles in an atom's nucleus
Dalton's Theory
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
nucleus
the central core of the atom
31 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Natural Philosophers
Mechanics
Kinematics
Dynamics
Early scientists who studied all aspects of the physical world
Modern study of motion
Description of how things move
Description of what causes things to move
Natural Philosophers
Early scientists who studied all aspects of the physical world
Mechanics
Modern study of motion
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
The smallest particle in an element.
The negatively charged particle in an atom.
The central core of an atom.
A positively charged particle that is part of an atom's nucle…
Atom
The smallest particle in an element.
Electron
The negatively charged particle in an atom.
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
Nucleus
Proton
Electron
Neutron
A dense positively charged mass located in the center of the…
A positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
A negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
A neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
Nucleus
A dense positively charged mass located in the center of the…
Proton
A positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
work
Machines help by
simple machines
Lever
when an object changes it's position by moving in the directi…
multiplying the force, changing the direction of a force, or…
basic machines, do work with one movement
a bar that can turn around a fixed point (fulcrum)
work
when an object changes it's position by moving in the directi…
Machines help by
multiplying the force, changing the direction of a force, or…
14 terms
Physical Science Ch. 4 Vocabulary
colloid
compound
concentration
element
a mixture in which the particles are dispersed throughout but…
a pure substance composed of two or more elements that are ch…
the measure of the amount of solute dissolved in a solvent
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
colloid
a mixture in which the particles are dispersed throughout but…
compound
a pure substance composed of two or more elements that are ch…
9 terms
Vocabulary #4 ~ Physical Science
Force
Net Force
Balanced Force
Inertia
a push or pull exerted on an object
sum of the forces that are acting on an object
forces on a object that combine to give a zero net force and…
resistance of an object to a change in its motion
Force
a push or pull exerted on an object
Net Force
sum of the forces that are acting on an object
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
electron
nucleus
proton
neutron
subatomic particle that has a negative charge
an atoms central region which is made up of protons and neu…
subatomic particle that has a positive charge
subatomic particle that has a neutral charge
electron
subatomic particle that has a negative charge
nucleus
an atoms central region which is made up of protons and neu…
13 terms
vocabulary 4 physical science
weight
force
gravity
mass
the force that gravitation exerts upon a body, equal to the m…
strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or move…
the force of attraction by which terrestrial bodies tend to f…
a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and of…
weight
the force that gravitation exerts upon a body, equal to the m…
force
strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or move…
27 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary: Physical Science
Nucleus
Protron
Electron
Neutron
is a dense, positivy charged mass located in the center of th…
is a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in t…
is a negativity charged subatomic particle that is found in t…
is a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus…
Nucleus
is a dense, positivy charged mass located in the center of th…
Protron
is a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in t…
12 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary 4
mass number
elementary charge
nucleus
electron
Total number of protons and neutrons
electric charge carried by a proton
The center of an object
A subatomic particle with a negative electric charge
mass number
Total number of protons and neutrons
elementary charge
electric charge carried by a proton
14 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary 4
Balance
Chemical Change
Chemical Equation
Chemical Reaction
a condition in which different elements are equal or in the c…
is any change that results in the formation of new chemical s…
a representation of a chemical reaction using symbols of the…
A process that involves changes in the structure and energy c…
Balance
a condition in which different elements are equal or in the c…
Chemical Change
is any change that results in the formation of new chemical s…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
SI base unit used to measure the amoun…
Unit of mass that describes the mass o…
Positively charged subatomic particle
Neutrally charged subatomic particle
Mole
Unified atomic Mass unit
Proton
Neutron
SI base unit used to measure the amoun…
Mole
Unit of mass that describes the mass o…
Unified atomic Mass unit
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
electron
nucleus
proton
neutron
A negatively charged particle
Center of an atom
A positively charged particle
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
electron
A negatively charged particle
nucleus
Center of an atom
32 terms
Physical Science EOCT Domain 4
wave
mechanical wave
electromagnetic wave
transverse wave
any repeating disturbance
A type of wave that can travel only through matter, or a medium
A form of energy that can move through the vacuum of space; n…
A wave that moves the medium in a direction perpendicular to…
wave
any repeating disturbance
mechanical wave
A type of wave that can travel only through matter, or a medium
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Element
pure substance
metal
nonmetal
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other su…
A sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
Elements that are good conductors of electric current and heat.
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and electric current
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other su…
pure substance
A sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
15 terms
Physical Science Week 4 Vocabulary
microscopic -
magnify-
field of view-
magnifying glass-
so small as to be visible only with a microscope.
make (something) appear larger than it is, especially with a…
the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument, e…
a lens that produces an enlarged image, typically set in a fr…
microscopic -
so small as to be visible only with a microscope.
magnify-
make (something) appear larger than it is, especially with a…
10 terms
Physical Science Vocab Quiz #4
plasma
melting point
chemical change
physical property
a state of electrically charged matter that forms only at ver…
the temperature at which a solid changes into a liquid
a change of matter in which atoms are rearranged to form a ne…
a characteristic that can be observed or measured without cha…
plasma
a state of electrically charged matter that forms only at ver…
melting point
the temperature at which a solid changes into a liquid
37 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
the smallest particle of an element
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
the central core of the atom
one of the positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus
atom
the smallest particle of an element
electron
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
42 terms
Physical Science Ch. 4 Test
Radioactive decay
Nuclear reactions
Alpha decay
Alpha particle
Process in which the nucleus of a radioactive atom releases f…
Reactions that involve particles in the nucleus of the atom.
Decay in which the nucleus releases 2 protons and 2 neutrons.
Particle that consists of two protons and two neutrons.
Radioactive decay
Process in which the nucleus of a radioactive atom releases f…
Nuclear reactions
Reactions that involve particles in the nucleus of the atom.
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Nucleus
Proton
Electron
Neutron
the dense, positively charged mass located n the center of an…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
Nucleus
the dense, positively charged mass located n the center of an…
Proton
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
10 terms
Physical Science 4.3
Metal
Malleable
Ductile
Conductivity
A class of elements characterized by physical properties that…
A term used to describe material that can be pounded into sha…
A term used to describe a material that can be pulled out int…
The ability of an object to transfer heat or electricity to a…
Metal
A class of elements characterized by physical properties that…
Malleable
A term used to describe material that can be pounded into sha…
25 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary
motion
frame of reference
displacement
speed
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
the change in position of an object
the distance traveled divided by the time interval which the…
motion
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
frame of reference
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
mechanics
system
frame of reference
interval
the study of motion
everything within the boundary of what is considered
a group of landmarks
value obtained by subtracting an initial value from a final v…
mechanics
the study of motion
system
everything within the boundary of what is considered
11 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary: 4.1-4.4
atmosphere
Big Bang
faith
fine
the gases that surround a planet and protect it
the creation of the world in an explosion
science debate - debate between scientist and theologians/phi…
tuning - the fact the in nature many physical constraints are…
atmosphere
the gases that surround a planet and protect it
Big Bang
the creation of the world in an explosion
12 terms
Physical Science A Unit 4 Vocabulary
Acid
Neutralization
Monomer
Fission
This is a proton donor, and generally starts with H
A chemical reaction between an acid and base that produces wa…
A small organic molecule that joins with other small molecule…
A nuclear reaction where the nucleus of atom is split into sm…
Acid
This is a proton donor, and generally starts with H
Neutralization
A chemical reaction between an acid and base that produces wa…
12 terms
Physical Science 4
Lens
Medium
Convex Lens
Concave Lens
An object that bends light as it passes through
A substance through which something else can be transmitted o…
A lens that is thicker in the center and thinner at the edges…
A lens that is thinner in the center and thicker at the edges…
Lens
An object that bends light as it passes through
Medium
A substance through which something else can be transmitted o…
12 terms
Physical Science Ch. 4 Vocabulary
Overall
Assume
Electron
Nucleus
Total; net
To except without proof
A sub atomic particle that has a negative charge
An atoms central region which is made up of protons and neutr…
Overall
Total; net
Assume
To except without proof
22 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Set #4
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Property that is measurable and describes a state of a physic…
A property or characteristic of a substance that is observed…
Changes affecting the form of a chemical substance. They are…
Any change that results in the formation of new chemical subs…
Physical Properties
Property that is measurable and describes a state of a physic…
Chemical Properties
A property or characteristic of a substance that is observed…
11 terms
Novare Physical Science Ch. 4 Vocabulary
Atmosphere
Big Bang
faith-science debate
fine-tuning
the layer of gas surrounding the earth, composed of 78% nitro…
The theoretical origin of theh universe as an immense explosi…
A conflict in contemporary culture fueled on one hand by thos…
The fact that throughout nature many physical constants are s…
Atmosphere
the layer of gas surrounding the earth, composed of 78% nitro…
Big Bang
The theoretical origin of theh universe as an immense explosi…
12 terms
Physical Science Ch: 4 Vocabulary
electron
nucleus
protons
neutrons
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
in physical science, an atom's central region, which is made…
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is l…
a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is located i…
electron
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
nucleus
in physical science, an atom's central region, which is made…
1 of 10