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Study sets matching "vocabulary ap biology campbell chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary ap biology campbell chapter 6"

43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
cytosol
cytoplasm
plasma membrane
nucleus
the semifluid part of the cytoplasm within which various part…
the entire region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
selective barrier that allows passage of oxygen, nutrients, a…
contains most of the genes and is typically the largest organ…
cytosol
the semifluid part of the cytoplasm within which various part…
cytoplasm
the entire region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
Actin
Basal Body
Central Vacuole
Centriole
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell divis…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
58 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 6
Organelle
Cytosol
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic Cell
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cytosol
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
39 terms
AP Biology Campbell chapter 6, organelles only
organelles
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
membrane-bound structures within eukaryotic (and prokaryotes)…
encloses the cell and separates the cell's interior from its…
organelle in EUKARYOTIC CELLS that contains most of the DNA a…
- the interior of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells... - the…
organelles
membrane-bound structures within eukaryotic (and prokaryotes)…
cell membrane
encloses the cell and separates the cell's interior from its…
58 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
isolated system vs open system
What does the concept of entropy (rand…
Why doesn't the concept of entropy cla…
free energy
isolated systems are unable to exchange matter or energy with…
why certain processes occur without any input of energy --> i…
because the entropy of a particular system may decrease as lo…
portion of a system's energy that can perform work when tempe…
isolated system vs open system
isolated systems are unable to exchange matter or energy with…
What does the concept of entropy (rand…
why certain processes occur without any input of energy --> i…
63 terms
Campbell AP Biology - Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
cell fractionation
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
57 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
Actin
Basal Body
Central Vacuole
Centriole
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell divis…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
58 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
isolated system vs open system
What does the concept of entropy (rand…
Why doesn't the concept of entropy cla…
free energy
isolated systems are unable to exchange matter or energy with…
why certain processes occur without any input of energy --> i…
because the entropy of a particular system may decrease as lo…
portion of a system's energy that can perform work when tempe…
isolated system vs open system
isolated systems are unable to exchange matter or energy with…
What does the concept of entropy (rand…
why certain processes occur without any input of energy --> i…
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
40 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 6
Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
simplest collection of living matter
uses visible light to magnify specimen
uses electron beams to magnify specimen
provides a detailed 3D image of the SURFACE of a specimen
Cell
simplest collection of living matter
Light Microscope
uses visible light to magnify specimen
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
81 terms
AP Biology Campbell chapter 6
magnification
resolution
organelles
light microscope
the ration of an object's image size to its real size
- a measure of the clarity of an image... - the minimum distance…
membrane-bound structures within eukaryotic cells
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
magnification
the ration of an object's image size to its real size
resolution
- a measure of the clarity of an image... - the minimum distance…
63 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
63 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
63 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
54 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
15 terms
AP Edition Campbell Biology Chapter 6:
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
57 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
Actin
Basal Body
Central Vacuole
Centriole
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell divis…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
28 terms
Campbell AP Biology - Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
nucleoid
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell.
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
15 terms
AP Edition Campbell Biology Chapter 6:
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
54 terms
Campbell's 9th Edition AP Biology - Chapter 6
cell fractionation
cytosol
nucleoid
chromatin
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell.
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
cell fractionation
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
cytosol
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
37 terms
Campbell AP Biology - Chapter 6
cytosol
nucleoid
chromatin
nucleus
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell.
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processe…
cytosol
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
nucleoid
A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell.
35 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions
a specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
metabolic pathways releasing energy by breaking down complex…
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler ones
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions
Metabolic Pathway
a specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
47 terms
AP Biology Campbell 7th, Chapter 6
cell
Light Microscope
magnification
resolution
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-magnifies effectively but has resolution issues... -commonly us…
ration of the object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of the image; the minimum distance t…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Light Microscope
-magnifies effectively but has resolution issues... -commonly us…
98 terms
Campbell AP Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 6 & 7
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
selective permeability
integral protein
molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Typically transmembrane proteins with hydrophobic regions tha…
amphipathic
molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
fluid mosaic model
structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
40 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 6
Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
simplest collection of living matter
uses visible light to magnify specimen
uses electron beams to magnify specimen
provides a detailed 3D image of the SURFACE of a specimen
Cell
simplest collection of living matter
Light Microscope
uses visible light to magnify specimen
70 terms
Chapter 6 AP Biology Campbell 8 Edition
actin
basal body
capsule
cell fractionation
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
(1) A sticky layer that surrounds the cell wall of some proka…
The disruption of a cell and separation of its parts by centr…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
basal body
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
39 terms
AP Biology Campbell 7th, Chapter 6
cell
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
nucleiod
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
Region of prokaryotic cells where DNA is located
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
cytosol
semi fluid within the membrane
41 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Wavelength
Electron Microscopes
Scanning Electron Microscope
Compartmentalization
Light microscopy is limited by the ____ of the light.
Beam of electrons for a higher resolution, but preparation ki…
Beam of electrons used to see the surface of a cell.
When you have a barrier you can have a compartment with diffe…
Wavelength
Light microscopy is limited by the ____ of the light.
Electron Microscopes
Beam of electrons for a higher resolution, but preparation ki…
34 terms
Campbell - Biology in Focus - Chapter 6
Activation energy
Active site
Allosteric regulation
Anabolic pathway
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
The binding of a regulatory molecule to a protein at one site…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Activation energy
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active site
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
40 terms
Chapter 6 Campbell Biology
Light Microscope (LM)
What are three important parameters in…
Organelles
Electron Microscope (EM)
Optical instrument with lenses that reflect (bend) visible li…
Magnification: ratio of object's image size to its real size…
membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
Focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or onto its…
Light Microscope (LM)
Optical instrument with lenses that reflect (bend) visible li…
What are three important parameters in…
Magnification: ratio of object's image size to its real size…
Campbell's 9th Edition AP Biology - Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
cell fractionation
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
47 terms
AP Biology Campbell 7th, Chapter 6
cell
Light Microscope
magnification
resolution
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-magnifies effectively but has resolution issues... -commonly us…
ration of the object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of the image; the minimum distance t…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Light Microscope
-magnifies effectively but has resolution issues... -commonly us…
28 terms
AP Biology Campbell chapter 6, organelles only
organelles
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
membrane-bound structures within eukaryotic cells that carry…
encloses the cell and separates the cell's interior from its…
organelle in EUKARYOTIC CELLS that contains most of the DNA a…
- the interior of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells... - the…
organelles
membrane-bound structures within eukaryotic cells that carry…
cell membrane
encloses the cell and separates the cell's interior from its…
41 terms
Campbell Biology | Chapter 6
Wavelength
Electron Microscopes
Scanning Electron Microscope
Compartmentalization
Light microscopy is limited by the ____ of the light.
Beam of electrons for a higher resolution, but preparation ki…
Beam of electrons used to see the surface of a cell.
When you have a barrier you can have a compartment with diffe…
Wavelength
Light microscopy is limited by the ____ of the light.
Electron Microscopes
Beam of electrons for a higher resolution, but preparation ki…
41 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Wavelength
Electron Microscopes
Scanning Electron Microscope
Compartmentalization
Light microscopy is limited by the ____ of the light.
Beam of electrons for a higher resolution, but preparation ki…
Beam of electrons used to see the surface of a cell.
When you have a barrier you can have a compartment with diffe…
Wavelength
Light microscopy is limited by the ____ of the light.
Electron Microscopes
Beam of electrons for a higher resolution, but preparation ki…
36 terms
Chapter 6 {Campbell Biology}
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Plasma Membrane
Flagellum
No nucleus or internal membranes; very small
Nucleus, membrane-bound organelles; large
Boundary of the cell; is selectively permeable and permits th…
Cell "tail"; locomotive organelle present in some animal cells
Prokaryotes
No nucleus or internal membranes; very small
Eukaryotes
Nucleus, membrane-bound organelles; large
Campbell Biology 10th Edition Chapter 6
Surface Area to Volume Ratio
Nucleoid
One; circular
Proteins
Cells are small because low _______ ____ __ ______ _____ is m…
A word to describe the location of the chromosome in a cell.…
How many chromosomes does a bacteria have and what is its sha…
Free ribosomes function in the synthesis of _______.
Surface Area to Volume Ratio
Cells are small because low _______ ____ __ ______ _____ is m…
Nucleoid
A word to describe the location of the chromosome in a cell.…
34 terms
Campbell - Biology in Focus - Chapter 6
Activation energy
Active site
Allosteric regulation
Anabolic pathway
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
The binding of a regulatory molecule to a protein at one site…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Activation energy
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active site
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
34 terms
Campbell - Biology in Focus - Chapter 6
Activation energy
Active site
Allosteric regulation
Anabolic pathway
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
The binding of a regulatory molecule to a protein at one site…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Activation energy
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active site
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
30 terms
6- AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6 - A Tour of The Cell - Independent Study
Nucleoid
Plasma Membrane
Cell Wall
Capsule
DNA concentrated in region that is not membrane enclosed ... (P…
At boundary of every cell, functions as selective barrier tha…
Protective layer external to plasma membrane... (Prokaryotic ce…
Dense and well defined layer of polysaccharides or proteins t…
Nucleoid
DNA concentrated in region that is not membrane enclosed ... (P…
Plasma Membrane
At boundary of every cell, functions as selective barrier tha…
50 terms
Campbell Biology - Chapter 6
organelles
cell fractionation
plasma membrane
cytosol
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
for studying cell structure and function... takes cells apart a…
cells bounded by a selective barrier
jellylike substance in which subcellular components are suspe…
organelles
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
cell fractionation
for studying cell structure and function... takes cells apart a…
45 terms
Campbell's 9th Edition AP Biology - Chapter 6
cell fractionation
cytosol
nucleoid
chromatin
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell.
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
cell fractionation
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
cytosol
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
41 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
cell fractionation
cytosol
nucleoid
chromatin
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
aqueous part of cytoplasm within which particles and organell…
densly staining DNA region in a prokaryotic cell
uncondensed DNA wrapped around histones (used during transcri…
cell fractionation
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
cytosol
aqueous part of cytoplasm within which particles and organell…
126 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 6
When biologists wish to study the inte…
The advantage of light microscopy over…
A primary objective of cell fractionat…
In the fractionation of homogenized ce…
a transmission electronic microscope
light microscopy allows one to view dynamic processes in livi…
separate the major organelles so that their particular functi…
the size and weight of the component
When biologists wish to study the inte…
a transmission electronic microscope
The advantage of light microscopy over…
light microscopy allows one to view dynamic processes in livi…
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
70 terms
Campbell Biology - Chapter 6
light microscope (LM)
organelles
electron microscope (EM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or onto its…
the electron beam scans the surface of the sample, usually co…
light microscope (LM)
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
organelles
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
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