How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "vocabulary ap biology campbell"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "vocabulary ap biology campbell"

41 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
22 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 16 vocabulary
Bacteria
Bacteriophage
Bacterium
Chromatin
One of two prokaryotic domains, the other being Archaea.
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
Member of the prokaryotic domain Bacteria.
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Bacteria
One of two prokaryotic domains, the other being Archaea.
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
37 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
consist of a glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and a phosph…
primary macromolecules found in membranes
plasma membrane
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
selectively permeable
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
AP Biology Chapter 11 Campbell
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
46 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
24 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
168 terms
AP Biology Campbell Vocabulary 22-26
descent with modification
evolution
Carolus Linnaeus
fossil
a phrase Darwin used in proposing that Earth's many species a…
either descent from modification or a change in the genetic c…
Swedish physician and botanist who sought to classify life's…
the remains or traces of organisms from the past
descent with modification
a phrase Darwin used in proposing that Earth's many species a…
evolution
either descent from modification or a change in the genetic c…
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
cytosol
cytoplasm
plasma membrane
nucleus
the semifluid part of the cytoplasm within which various part…
the entire region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
selective barrier that allows passage of oxygen, nutrients, a…
contains most of the genes and is typically the largest organ…
cytosol
the semifluid part of the cytoplasm within which various part…
cytoplasm
the entire region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
30 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
heredity
genetics
genes
somatic cells
the transmission of traits form one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
a discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a spe…
any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg or…
heredity
the transmission of traits form one generation to the next
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
53 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12, Campbell Biology Chapter 12 combined
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
127 terms
AP Biology Evolution (Campbell)
Aristotle's View on Evolution
Carolus Linnaeus
Fossils
Strata
-viewed species as fixed, recognizing certain "affinities in…
-physician and botanist who sought to classify life's diversi…
-darwin drew from these (the remains or traces of organisms f…
-new layers of sediment cover older ones and compress them in…
Aristotle's View on Evolution
-viewed species as fixed, recognizing certain "affinities in…
Carolus Linnaeus
-physician and botanist who sought to classify life's diversi…
46 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 (Campbell)
Matter
Element
Compound
HONC
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances thro…
Substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
1,2,3,4 valence. Essential to life.
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances thro…
44 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 9 Vocabulary
cell division
cell cycle
genome
chromosomes
the reproduction of cells
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
the genetic material of an organism or virus
a cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and assoc…
cell division
the reproduction of cells
cell cycle
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
40 terms
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 1
Biology is...
Properties of Life (7)
Levels of Biological Organization (10)
Biosphere
the study of life
Order... Evolutionary Adaption... Response to the environment... Regul…
Biosphere... Ecosystems... Communities... Populations... Organisms... Organs…
most regions of land, bodies of water, and atmosphere to an a…
Biology is...
the study of life
Properties of Life (7)
Order... Evolutionary Adaption... Response to the environment... Regul…
47 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 (Campbell)
Subatomic particles
Mass Number
Atomic Mass
Isotopes
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
Total mass of the atom.
Same number of protons, but different number of neutrons and…
Subatomic particles
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Mass Number
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
18 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 16 Vocabulary
model organisms
differentiation
morphogenesis
induction
species that are easy to raise in the lab and use in experime…
the process by which cells become specialized in structure an…
the development of the form of an organism and its structures
a process in which signals cause change in target cells
model organisms
species that are easy to raise in the lab and use in experime…
differentiation
the process by which cells become specialized in structure an…
48 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 13 Vocabulary
DNA replication
transformation
bacteriophage
phage
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
a virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
a virus that infects bacteria; also called a bacteriophage
DNA replication
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
40 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1(Campbell)
Biology is...
Properties of Life (7)
Levels of Biological Organization (10)
Biosphere
the study of life
Order... Evolutionary Adaption... Response to the environment... Regul…
Biosphere... Ecosystems... Communities... Populations... Organisms... Organs…
most regions of land, bodies of water, and atmosphere to an a…
Biology is...
the study of life
Properties of Life (7)
Order... Evolutionary Adaption... Response to the environment... Regul…
42 terms
ap Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11 Campbell
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
40 terms
AP Biology, Chapter 3 (Campbell)
Why is water polar?
Why is water's polarity significant?
Cohesion
Adhesion
Oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen and the electron…
contributes to the fitness of the Earth including other water…
holding a substance together
clinging of a substance to another
Why is water polar?
Oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen and the electron…
Why is water's polarity significant?
contributes to the fitness of the Earth including other water…
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 (Campbell)
Subatomic particles
Mass Number
Atomic Mass
Isotopes
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
Total mass of the atom.
Same number of protons, but different number of neutrons and…
Subatomic particles
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Mass Number
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
23 terms
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Substrate-level Phosphorylation
acetyl CoA
Facultative Anaerobe
Anaerobic
The formation of ATP by directly transferring a phosphate gro…
The entry compound for the Krebs cycle in cellular respiratio…
An organism that makes ATP by aerobic respiration if oxygen i…
Lacking oxygen; referring to an organism, environment, or cel…
Substrate-level Phosphorylation
The formation of ATP by directly transferring a phosphate gro…
acetyl CoA
The entry compound for the Krebs cycle in cellular respiratio…
54 terms
Campbell's AP Biology 10th Edition Chapter 52 Vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Global ecology
Landscape (or seascape)
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
Examines how the regional exchange of energy and materials in…
A mosaic of connected ecosystems
Ecology
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Biosphere
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
127 terms
AP Biology Evolution (Campbell)
Aristotle's View on Evolution
Carolus Linnaeus
Fossils
Strata
-viewed species as fixed, recognizing certain "affinities in…
-physician and botanist who sought to classify life's diversi…
-darwin drew from these (the remains or traces of organisms f…
-new layers of sediment cover older ones and compress them in…
Aristotle's View on Evolution
-viewed species as fixed, recognizing certain "affinities in…
Carolus Linnaeus
-physician and botanist who sought to classify life's diversi…
35 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary: Campbell Biology (ap bio)
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
aka Breakdown pathways, Release energy by breaking down compl…
aka biosynthetc pathway, consume energy to build complicated…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
35 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary: Campbell Biology (ap bio)
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
aka Breakdown pathways, Release energy by breaking down compl…
aka biosynthetc pathway, consume energy to build complicated…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
23 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 15 Vocabulary
operator
operon
repressor
regulatory gene
in bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
a protein that inhibits gene trascription
a gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
operator
in bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
operon
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
23 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 16 Vocabulary
model organisms
differentiation
morphogenesis
cytoplasmic determinant
species that are easy to raise in the lab and use in experime…
the process by which cells become specialized in structure an…
the development of the form of an organism and its structures
maternal substances in the egg that influence the course of e…
model organisms
species that are easy to raise in the lab and use in experime…
differentiation
the process by which cells become specialized in structure an…
27 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 12 Vocabulary
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
X-linked gene
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
the phenotype most commonly observed in mature populations
a gene located on either sex chromosome
a gene located on the X chromosome
chromosome theory of inheritance
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
wild type
the phenotype most commonly observed in mature populations
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
Actin
Basal Body
Central Vacuole
Centriole
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell divis…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
53 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP) - Chapter 26 Vocabulary
sporopollenin
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
a durable polymer that covers exposed zygotes of charophyte a…
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
in organisms that have alternation of generations, the multic…
in organisms that have alternation of generations, the multic…
sporopollenin
a durable polymer that covers exposed zygotes of charophyte a…
alternation of generations
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
40 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 11 Vocabulary
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
an observable heritable feature that may vary among individuals
one of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character
referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
the mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding varieties
character
an observable heritable feature that may vary among individuals
trait
one of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character
22 terms
Campbell's AP Biology 10th Edition Chapter 52 Vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Global ecology
Landscape (or seascape)
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
Examines how the regional exchange of energy and materials in…
A mosaic of connected ecosystems
Ecology
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Biosphere
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
23 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 15 Vocabulary
operator
operon
repressor
regulatory gene
in bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
a protein that inhibits gene trascription
a gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
operator
in bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
operon
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
37 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP) - Chapter 24 Vocabulary
prokaryote
protocell
ribozyme
peptidoglycan
an informal term for an organism in either domain Bacteria or…
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
an RNA molecule that functions as an enzyme, such as an intro…
a type of polymer in bacterial cell walls consisting of modif…
prokaryote
an informal term for an organism in either domain Bacteria or…
protocell
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
48 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 13 Vocabulary
DNA replication
transformation
bacteriophage
phage
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
a virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
a virus that infects bacteria; also called a bacteriophage
DNA replication
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
63 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 13, AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
42 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 9 Vocabulary
cell division
cell cycle
genome
chromosomes
the reproduction of cells
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
the genetic material of an organism or virus
a cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and assoc…
cell division
the reproduction of cells
cell cycle
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
48 terms
Campbell: Biology in Focus (AP)- Chapter 13 Vocabulary
DNA replication
transformation
bacteriophage
phage
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
a virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
a virus that infects bacteria; also called a bacteriophage
DNA replication
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
24 terms
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Substrate-level Phosphorylation
cytochrome
acetyl CoA
Facultative Anaerobe
The formation of ATP by directly transferring a phosphate gro…
any of a number of compounds consisting of heme bonded to a p…
The entry compound for the Krebs cycle in cellular respiratio…
An organism that makes ATP by aerobic respiration if oxygen i…
Substrate-level Phosphorylation
The formation of ATP by directly transferring a phosphate gro…
cytochrome
any of a number of compounds consisting of heme bonded to a p…
142 terms
Campbell AP Biology - Chapters 2 to 5 - Vocabulary
temperature
steroid
heat of vaporization
kinetic energy
A measure in degrees of the average kinetic energy (thermal e…
A type of lipid characterized by a carbon skeleton consisting…
The quantity of heat a liquid must absorb for 1 g of it to be…
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects. Mo…
temperature
A measure in degrees of the average kinetic energy (thermal e…
steroid
A type of lipid characterized by a carbon skeleton consisting…
39 terms
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 16 vocabulary
Bacteria
Bacteriophage
Bacterium
Chromatin
One of two prokaryotic domains, the other being Archaea.
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
Member of the prokaryotic domain Bacteria.
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Bacteria
One of two prokaryotic domains, the other being Archaea.
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
32 terms
Chapter 8 AP Biology Campbell
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that synthesizes a complex molecule from…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
1 of 10