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Study sets matching "vocabulary ap euro chapter 14"

20 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus & On The Revolutio…
Geocentrism & Ptolemaic Systems
Heliocentric
the sweeping change in the scientific view of the universe th…
in this essay the Polish priest and astronomer challenged the…
based upon the mathematical astronomy of Ptolemy, this was th…
Copernicus' model in which the earth moved about the sun, thu…
Scientific Revolution
the sweeping change in the scientific view of the universe th…
Nicolaus Copernicus & On The Revolutio…
in this essay the Polish priest and astronomer challenged the…
37 terms
Chapter 14 AP Euro (Church Reform) *unfinished
The three disorders in the Catholic ch…
Pluralism
Catholic churches
Ecumenical council
-clerical immorality... -clerical ignorance... -clerical pluralism
many clerics, especially higher ecclesiastics, held several b…
Glass art is particular to Catholic cathedrals
Pope Julius II summoned the council in Rome from 1512-1517, t…
The three disorders in the Catholic ch…
-clerical immorality... -clerical ignorance... -clerical pluralism
Pluralism
many clerics, especially higher ecclesiastics, held several b…
53 terms
AP Euro: Chapter 14
Nicolas Copernicus
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
Ptolemy
Almagest
Polish astronomer who creates a heliocentric model of the uni…
Published by Copernicus. Established the Copernican (heliocen…
Greek mathematician/astrologer. Pertinent to this chapter: Pt…
Written by Ptolemy - defines his geocentric model of the univ…
Nicolas Copernicus
Polish astronomer who creates a heliocentric model of the uni…
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
Published by Copernicus. Established the Copernican (heliocen…
9 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14 Vocab
Spanish for "conqueror"; Spanish soldi…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sail…
A second-century-C.E. work that synthe…
The 1494 agreement giving Spain everyt…
conquistador
caravel
Ptolemy's Geography
Treaty of Tordesillas
Spanish for "conqueror"; Spanish soldi…
conquistador
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sail…
caravel
29 terms
AP Euro Reformation Chapter 14
In the early 16th century, critics att…
What is the practice called when cleri…
What is the doctrine of indulgences an…
What are the Twelve Articles
1) Clerical ignorance.... 2) Clerical pluralism.... 3) Clerical imm…
Pluralism.
1) God is merciful, but also just.... 2) Christ and Saints creat…
Swabian peasants complaining that the nobles had taken their…
In the early 16th century, critics att…
1) Clerical ignorance.... 2) Clerical pluralism.... 3) Clerical imm…
What is the practice called when cleri…
Pluralism.
41 terms
AP EURO - chapter 14
anticlericalism
Catholic Reformation
Martin Luther
Indulgences for Salvation
-opposition to the clergy... -clerical immorality - clergy took…
-in response to anticlericalism... -Brethren of Common Life - Ne…
-German priest & university professor... -unhappy with indulgenc…
-a document believed to forgive all sins that one can buy, is…
anticlericalism
-opposition to the clergy... -clerical immorality - clergy took…
Catholic Reformation
-in response to anticlericalism... -Brethren of Common Life - Ne…
18 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several Protestant groups who believed…
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the Church of E…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist: after consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishops palace at W…
Anabaptists
General name given to several Protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the Church of E…
50 terms
Chapter 14 AP EURO
Prester John
The Travels of John Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
A mythical Christian monarch whose kingdom supposedly had bee…
spoke of precious stones and gold in lands outside Europe
13th century explorer whose book about travels in Asia inspir…
the primary motives of the expansion into the New World
Prester John
A mythical Christian monarch whose kingdom supposedly had bee…
The Travels of John Mandeville
spoke of precious stones and gold in lands outside Europe
24 terms
Chapter 14 Ap Euro
The Crimean War
Treaty of Paris 1856
Tanzimat
Suez Canal
-Conflict in the 1850s in which Russia lost to an alliance of…
-Treaty signed in Paris that ended the Crimean War... -The treat…
-Reforms by the 19th-century Ottoman rulers... - Intended to mov…
-A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting…
The Crimean War
-Conflict in the 1850s in which Russia lost to an alliance of…
Treaty of Paris 1856
-Treaty signed in Paris that ended the Crimean War... -The treat…
10 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
conquistador
caravel
Ptolomy's Geography
brass astrolabe
Spanish for conquer, Spanish solider explorers, such as Herna…
a small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
a 2nd century A.D work that synthesized the classical knowled…
Between 1500 and 1635 over 900 ships sailed from Portugal to…
conquistador
Spanish for conquer, Spanish solider explorers, such as Herna…
caravel
a small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
16 terms
ap euro chapter 14
motives for expansion
Prince Henry the Navigator
Portuguese Empire
Christopher Columbus
fleeing religious prosecution, mercantilism- need for gold an…
portuguese prince who was known as the king of the age of dis…
led by prince henry and alburquerque, was very successful in…
1451-1506, italian who convinced the spanish monarchy to fund…
motives for expansion
fleeing religious prosecution, mercantilism- need for gold an…
Prince Henry the Navigator
portuguese prince who was known as the king of the age of dis…
22 terms
AP Government - Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Bureaucracy
patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
task specialization, merit principle, impersonality
jobs and promos are awarded for pol reasons rather than for m…
created the federal civil service based on merit
designed to hire and promote members of the bur. ; merit based
Bureaucracy
task specialization, merit principle, impersonality
patronage
jobs and promos are awarded for pol reasons rather than for m…
64 terms
chapter 14 ap euro.
God, Glory, Gold
Travels of John Mandeville
Economic motives
Marco Polo
principal motives for expansion:... 1. to spread the faith of Je…
-fantasy literature about "other worlds" outside of Euro.
-want money... -want access to spices/East... -want new areas of tr…
Venetian who traveled to the court of the great Mongol ruler…
God, Glory, Gold
principal motives for expansion:... 1. to spread the faith of Je…
Travels of John Mandeville
-fantasy literature about "other worlds" outside of Euro.
56 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Martin Luther (14th - 15th, Germany)
Johann Tetzel (14th - 15th, Germany)
Archbishop Albert (of Mainz) (15th, Ge…
Jakob Fugger(14th - 15th, Germany)
A monk and professor of theology who authored the Ninety-Five…
He was commissioned by Pope Leo X to sell indulgences. He was…
He controlled Wittenberg and wanted more land, so he borrowed…
The wealthy banking family in Augsburg that Albert of Mainz b…
Martin Luther (14th - 15th, Germany)
A monk and professor of theology who authored the Ninety-Five…
Johann Tetzel (14th - 15th, Germany)
He was commissioned by Pope Leo X to sell indulgences. He was…
57 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
New Monarchs
Valois line of French Monarchs
Louis XI ("Spider king")
Francis I
These rulers consolidated power to themselves by reducing the…
royal house of France that ruled from 1328 to 1589. At the de…
First of the Valois kings that dealt ruthlessly with nobles,…
Ruled from 1515 to 1547. Under his reign, the French Church's…
New Monarchs
These rulers consolidated power to themselves by reducing the…
Valois line of French Monarchs
royal house of France that ruled from 1328 to 1589. At the de…
117 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Importance of the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean Port Cities
entrepot
Malacca port
center of Afroeurasian trade as the cross roads for the Middl…
cosmopolitan port cities developed around the Indian Ocean an…
a city which was used for storing goods of many countries, as…
greatest commercial trading post ; received goods from China…
Importance of the Indian Ocean
center of Afroeurasian trade as the cross roads for the Middl…
Indian Ocean Port Cities
cosmopolitan port cities developed around the Indian Ocean an…
77 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
How devoted were Europeans to Catholic…
How did the Babylonian Captivity and t…
Why was there such an outcry to the ab…
Anticlericalism
Some people, of different social groups, were very dedicated.…
The prestige of the church was damaged and the popes began to…
There was rumor of monks, nuns, and priests being very greedy…
opposition to the clergy, shown through many urban ideas such…
How devoted were Europeans to Catholic…
Some people, of different social groups, were very dedicated.…
How did the Babylonian Captivity and t…
The prestige of the church was damaged and the popes began to…
47 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 14
border states
Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
Alexander H. Stephens
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
He served as President of the Confederate States during the C…
He served as vice president of the Confederate States of Amer…
border states
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
Confederate States of America
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
20 terms
Chapter 14 AP euro
Prince henry
Barrgolomeu dias
Malacca
Cortes
The navigator made school of navigation
Portuguese explorer rounded tip of africa
Thriving port muslims used as spice islands
Conquered civilization used horses guns and disease
Prince henry
The navigator made school of navigation
Barrgolomeu dias
Portuguese explorer rounded tip of africa
17 terms
AP Euro chapter 14
Scientific revolution
Nicholaus Copernicus
On the revolutions of the heavenly sph…
Heliocentric
People began to reexamine and rethink series and data from th…
Polish priest and astronomer who had a heliocentric theory bu…
Copernicus's book that provided jumping off point for critici…
The idea that the earth moves around the sun
Scientific revolution
People began to reexamine and rethink series and data from th…
Nicholaus Copernicus
Polish priest and astronomer who had a heliocentric theory bu…
39 terms
AP Euro chapter 14
exploration motive
Marco Polo
religious crusading motive
new navigational techniques and knowle…
primary motive for European exploration during the Renaissanc…
Italian merchant whose tales of the court of Kublai Khan popu…
strongest in Spain and Portugal
expansion lateen sails, the compass, the astrolabe, and the a…
exploration motive
primary motive for European exploration during the Renaissanc…
Marco Polo
Italian merchant whose tales of the court of Kublai Khan popu…
256 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Erasmus, More, Colet
Social, political, cultural
The papal conflict with the German Fre…
Corruption
Who were the three Christian humanists of the late 15th and e…
The 16th century experienced religious changes that had profo…
What 3 things badly damaged papal prestige
Humanists denounced what in the church
Erasmus, More, Colet
Who were the three Christian humanists of the late 15th and e…
Social, political, cultural
The 16th century experienced religious changes that had profo…
51 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Prester John
"The Travels of John Mandeville"
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
had a magical Christian kingdom in Africa
14th century book that portrayed realms filled with precious…
Niccolo's son who undertook a long trip to the court of a Mon…
purpose of the mission to the New World
Prester John
had a magical Christian kingdom in Africa
"The Travels of John Mandeville"
14th century book that portrayed realms filled with precious…
50 terms
Ap Euro Chapter 14-Exploration
Prester John
The travels of John Mandeville
Marco Polo
God, Glory, and Gold
Name given to a mythical Christian monarch whose kingdom had…
14th century book that told of realms filled with precious st…
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels t…
3 primary motives of age of exploration and conquest
Prester John
Name given to a mythical Christian monarch whose kingdom had…
The travels of John Mandeville
14th century book that told of realms filled with precious st…
65 terms
Ap Euro Chapter 14
Causes of the Reformation
Simony
Pluralism
Indulgences
Translation of the bible, corruption of the church, ignorance…
Sale of church offices(given by government or sold)
Holding more offices than one at a time
People paying money to the church to absolve their sins
Causes of the Reformation
Translation of the bible, corruption of the church, ignorance…
Simony
Sale of church offices(given by government or sold)
15 terms
Ap euro chapter 14
Martin Luther
Problems with medieval churches
simony
nepotism
A monk who sought to reform the catholic church... -Did not acce…
clerical immorality, (church regulations and rules very light…
selling of church offices
passing positions to family
Martin Luther
A monk who sought to reform the catholic church... -Did not acce…
Problems with medieval churches
clerical immorality, (church regulations and rules very light…
25 terms
ap euro HIT list chapter 14
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
"god, glory, and gold"
Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460)
Bartholomeu Dias (1450-1500)
Italian, Europeans were aware of a sphere world, but had litt…
The primary motives of the expansion of Europe.
Prince of Portugal, explored over African Coast. Motives were…
Portuguese sea captain, 1488- took advantage of the winds and…
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
Italian, Europeans were aware of a sphere world, but had litt…
"god, glory, and gold"
The primary motives of the expansion of Europe.
35 terms
AP Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Acid Deposition
Acid Precipitation
Active Solar Energy Systems
Air Pollution
Sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, emitted by burning fossil…
Conversion of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides to acids that…
Solar energy systems that collect energy through the use of p…
Concentration of trace substances, such as carbon monoxide, s…
Acid Deposition
Sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, emitted by burning fossil…
Acid Precipitation
Conversion of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides to acids that…
38 terms
AP Euro - Chapter 14
Chapter 14 - The Age of Nation States
The Crimean War
Peace-Settlement and Long-Term Results
Reforms in the Ottoman Empire
...
-rooted in long-standing desire of Russia to extend its influ…
-March 1856, conference in Paris concluded Treaty of Paris... -r…
-short-lived Napoleon I invasion sparked a drive... -1839, Ottom…
Chapter 14 - The Age of Nation States
...
The Crimean War
-rooted in long-standing desire of Russia to extend its influ…
15 terms
Geography Chapter 14 Northern Europe
fjord
geothermal energy
North Atlantic drift
constitutional monarchy
a narrow inlet of the sea set between high, rocky cliffs
Energy derived from the heat in the interior of the earth
an ocean current that brings warm, moist air across the Atlan…
A form of government in which the king retains his position a…
fjord
a narrow inlet of the sea set between high, rocky cliffs
geothermal energy
Energy derived from the heat in the interior of the earth
46 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
pluralism
Cardinal Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros
Bretheren of the Common Life
Thomas a Kempis and the Imitation of C…
Was a widely used practice of when clerics especially higher…
Spanish cardinal who visited religous houses, ecnouraged monk…
In the late 14th, century the Bretheren was a group of pioous…
Part of the Brethern of Common Life and he wrote the "Imitati…
pluralism
Was a widely used practice of when clerics especially higher…
Cardinal Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros
Spanish cardinal who visited religous houses, ecnouraged monk…
23 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Protestant Reformation
Avignon Papacy
Great Schism
Indulgences
In the 16th century Catholic Europe religious, political, and…
1303 to 1378, the Pope was still under control of the king of…
1378 to 1417 , Clement was elected as Pope and this event sta…
16th century, this was one of the churches most controversial…
Protestant Reformation
In the 16th century Catholic Europe religious, political, and…
Avignon Papacy
1303 to 1378, the Pope was still under control of the king of…
55 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Martin Luther
The Ninety-Five These (1517)
What year was The Ninety-Five Theses w…
Henry VIII
Monk and professor of theology who authored the Ninety-Five T…
Document that attacked the church practice of selling indulge…
1517
English monarch who is credited with bringing the Reformation…
Martin Luther
Monk and professor of theology who authored the Ninety-Five T…
The Ninety-Five These (1517)
Document that attacked the church practice of selling indulge…
13 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 - EUROPE AND THE WORLD: NEW ENCOUNTERS, 1500-1800
On the Brink of a New World
The Motive for Expansion
Fantastic Lands
Economic Motives
By the late sixteenth century, the Atlantic seaboard had beco…
-Catholic Europe had been confined to one geographic area (li…
-Europeans had long been attracted to lands outside Europe as…
-Muslim Control of Central Asia cut Europe from the countries…
On the Brink of a New World
By the late sixteenth century, the Atlantic seaboard had beco…
The Motive for Expansion
-Catholic Europe had been confined to one geographic area (li…
99 terms
Chapter 14&15 AP Euro
Hernan Cortes
"god, glory, gold"
Portolani
Ptolemy
spanish conquistador; led expedition to new world and led spa…
motives for european expansion; economic, religious, great land
charts made by medieval navigators/mathematicians, in the 13/…
astronomer of 2nd century, wrote "Geography" - included a wor…
Hernan Cortes
spanish conquistador; led expedition to new world and led spa…
"god, glory, gold"
motives for european expansion; economic, religious, great land
30 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Indian Ocean Trade
Exploration in China
Exploration in India
Exploration in Africa
- Indian Ocean was a crossroad between Europe, Asia, Africa,…
- (1368) China began a time of economic expansion, population…
- India had ancient links to northwest neighbors... > Trade bet…
East Coast Trade... - Ivory, rhinoceros horns, tortoise shells,…
Indian Ocean Trade
- Indian Ocean was a crossroad between Europe, Asia, Africa,…
Exploration in China
- (1368) China began a time of economic expansion, population…
92 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
scientific revolution
No
Artisans and craftspeople
1. Medicine... 2. Chemistry... 3. Natural Hi…
The process that established the new view of the universe
What the scientific revolution rapid?
Who did the leading figures of the scientific revolution ofte…
What kind of new knowledge emerged?
scientific revolution
The process that established the new view of the universe
No
What the scientific revolution rapid?
39 terms
AP EURO CHAPTER 14
Reformation
Pluralism and absenteeism
Johann Tetzel
Martin Luther
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an att…
higher up clerics held several offices at the same time but n…
A roman catholic friar who enraged Martin Luther. He was a sy…
German priest who traveled to Rome and discovered how no one…
Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an att…
Pluralism and absenteeism
higher up clerics held several offices at the same time but n…
42 terms
AP euro Chapter 14
In the early sixteenth century, critic…
The Brethren of the Common Life repres…
Martin Luther wrote his letter entitle…
In the fifteenth century, many clerics…
ATTACKED: clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and cleric…
stark simplicity while carrying out the teaching of feeding t…
selling of indulgences
collecting revenues from all of the offices and hiring a poor…
In the early sixteenth century, critic…
ATTACKED: clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and cleric…
The Brethren of the Common Life repres…
stark simplicity while carrying out the teaching of feeding t…
50 terms
Ap Euro Chapter 14-Exploration
Prester John
The travels of John Mandeville
Marco Polo
God, Glory, and Gold
Name given to a mythical Christian monarch whose kingdom had…
14th century book that told of realms filled with precious st…
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels t…
3 primary motives of age of exploration and conquest
Prester John
Name given to a mythical Christian monarch whose kingdom had…
The travels of John Mandeville
14th century book that told of realms filled with precious st…
10 terms
Chapter 14 AP Euro
scientific revolution
Geocentrism & Ptolemaic System
Heliocentric
Mechanism
the sweeping change in the scientific view of the universe th…
geocentric cosmology; that is, it starts by assuming that the…
the theory, now universally accepted, that the earth and the…
a system of parts working together in a machine; a piece of m…
scientific revolution
the sweeping change in the scientific view of the universe th…
Geocentrism & Ptolemaic System
geocentric cosmology; that is, it starts by assuming that the…
23 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Leo X
Martin Luther
The holding of several benefices, or church offices
the practice of regularly staying away, clerics often avoided…
Pope at the start of the Protestant Reformation.
95 Thesis, posted in 1517, led to religious reform in Germany…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices
Absenteeism
the practice of regularly staying away, clerics often avoided…
20 terms
AP European History--Chapter 14: Postwar Europe: Recovery, Communism, and Cold War (1945-1970)
Morgenthau Plan
The Marshall Plan
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NA…
Schuman and Monnet Plan
postwar; developed by the US secretary of the treasury to tra…
postwar; developed by Secretary of State, George Marshall, bi…
US and eleven other nations formed NATO to rearm non-Communis…
1950s western Europe; French-sponsored plan where six industr…
Morgenthau Plan
postwar; developed by the US secretary of the treasury to tra…
The Marshall Plan
postwar; developed by Secretary of State, George Marshall, bi…
49 terms
Chapter 14 AP Euro
John Mandeville
Marco Polo
God, Glory, Gold
Portolani
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
principle motives for expansion
13th and 14th centuries charts or maps used by European sailors
John Mandeville
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Marco Polo
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
110 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
What were the central ideas of the ref…
Four events that damaged the churches…
Before reformation how were the papal…
How did some groups argue against the…
By the early 16th century many lay christians and members of…
• papal conflict with German emperor Fredrick II in 1200... • Ba…
Bad; they were attacked orally and in print
They suggested measures to reform institutions, improve cleri…
What were the central ideas of the ref…
By the early 16th century many lay christians and members of…
Four events that damaged the churches…
• papal conflict with German emperor Fredrick II in 1200... • Ba…
30 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Simony
Pluralism
Lollards
95 Theses
The selling and buying of positions in the Catholic Church
a condition of society in which numerous distinct ethnic, rel…
An English Protestant sect that stressed individual reading a…
Martin Luther's ideas that he posted on the chuch door at Wit…
Simony
The selling and buying of positions in the Catholic Church
Pluralism
a condition of society in which numerous distinct ethnic, rel…
14 terms
AP world history chapter 14 vocabulary words
latin west
three-field system
black death
water wheel
historians' name for the territories of Europe that adhered t…
a system for agriculture in which one field grows grain, one…
an outbreak of bubonic plague that spread across Asia, north…
a mechanism that harnesses the energy in flowing water to gro…
latin west
historians' name for the territories of Europe that adhered t…
three-field system
a system for agriculture in which one field grows grain, one…
12 terms
ap euro chapter 14
conquistador
caravel
ptolemy's geography
astrolabe
spanish soldier-explorers who sought to conquer the New world…
a small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed in t…
a second century work that synthesized the classical knowledg…
navigating device that plots their location using the stars
conquistador
spanish soldier-explorers who sought to conquer the New world…
caravel
a small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed in t…
32 terms
Chapter 14 ap euro
middle passage
mestizos
mulattoes
vasco da gama
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic O…
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestry
People with both African and European ancestry
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expe…
middle passage
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic O…
mestizos
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestry
17 terms
Ap Euro Terms Chapter 14
Indulgence
Sola Scrptura
Transubstantiation
Consubstantiation
Temporary forgiveness of sins. Sold to people by priests. Man…
A religious term used in Lutheranism "In scripture alone." Re…
By the concicrating words of a priest in a mass, the Bread an…
The belief that after consecration the bread and wine undergo…
Indulgence
Temporary forgiveness of sins. Sold to people by priests. Man…
Sola Scrptura
A religious term used in Lutheranism "In scripture alone." Re…
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