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Study sets matching "vocabulary ap psychology chapter 2 brain"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary ap psychology chapter 2 brain"

23 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2: The Brain
Hippocampus
Pons
Medulla
Reticular Formation
Part of the limbic system involved in learning and memory
Involved in sleep and arousal
Responsible for regulating largely unconscious functions such…
Group of fibers that carry stimulation related to sleep and a…
Hippocampus
Part of the limbic system involved in learning and memory
Pons
Involved in sleep and arousal
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2: The Brain
Lesion
EEG
PET Scan
MRI
Any destruction or damage to brain tissue
Electroencephalogram; recording of the electrical activity of…
Measures the brain's consumption of glucose.
Magnetic resonance imaging; a technique that produces clearer…
Lesion
Any destruction or damage to brain tissue
EEG
Electroencephalogram; recording of the electrical activity of…
23 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2: The Brain
Hippocampus
Pons
Medulla
Reticular Formation
Part of the limbic system involved in learning and memory
Involved in sleep and arousal
Responsible for regulating largely unconscious functions such…
Group of fibers that carry stimulation related to sleep and a…
Hippocampus
Part of the limbic system involved in learning and memory
Pons
Involved in sleep and arousal
65 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 - The Brain
Neurotansmitters
Acetylcholine (Ach)
Endorphins
Pre-frontal Cortex
Chemical messengers that traverse the synaptic gaps between n…
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory, and also…
"Morphine within" --natural, opiate-like neurotransmitters li…
Future plans, morality, personal responsibility, self-control…
Neurotansmitters
Chemical messengers that traverse the synaptic gaps between n…
Acetylcholine (Ach)
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory, and also…
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
69 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Terminal Branches
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system;…
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron that carries message through the te…
Forms junctions with other cells; extends into the synapse
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system;…
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
79 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Brain
Biological Psychology ★
Sensory Neurons ★
Motor Neurons ★
Interneurons ★
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biologi…
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
neurons within the brain and spinal cord that communicate int…
Biological Psychology ★
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biologi…
Sensory Neurons ★
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
23 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2: The Brain
Hippocampus
Pons
Medulla
Reticular Formation
Part of the limbic system involved in learning and memory
Involved in sleep and arousal
Responsible for regulating largely unconscious functions such…
Group of fibers that carry stimulation related to sleep and a…
Hippocampus
Part of the limbic system involved in learning and memory
Pons
Involved in sleep and arousal
65 terms
Chapter 2 AP Psychology: The Brain
biological psychology
neuron
dendrites
axon
Studying the links between our biology and behavior.
nerve cells (sensory)
Receive information and send it toward the cell body.
Passes information through its terminal branches to other neu…
biological psychology
Studying the links between our biology and behavior.
neuron
nerve cells (sensory)
54 terms
AP Psychology: chapter 2 the brain
Biological psychology
Neuron
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Neurons that carry incoming information from sensory receptor…
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
Biological psychology
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
58 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
31 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Endorphins
Endocrine System
Hormones
Adrenal Glands
"morphine within"--natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters link…
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys. the adrena…
Endorphins
"morphine within"--natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters link…
Endocrine System
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
56 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 - The Brain
biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
27 terms
chapter 2.1 The Brain: AP Psychology
lesion
electroencephalogram (EEG)
CT (Computed tomography) Scan
PET (positron emission tomography) scan
tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
ampified tracing of the brains waves by the instrument. measu…
taking x-ray photographs that can reveal brain damage
depicts brain activity by showing each brain area's consumpti…
lesion
tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
electroencephalogram (EEG)
ampified tracing of the brains waves by the instrument. measu…
23 terms
Chapter 2a: Neurons/Brain AP Psychology
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
Synapse
the bushy branching extensions of a neuron that receive messa…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
A tiny gap or cleft at the junction between the axon tip of t…
Dendrite
the bushy branching extensions of a neuron that receive messa…
Axon
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
12 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Brain Project Terms
spinal cord
hindbrain
midbrain
forebrain
connects a large part of the peripheral nervous system to the…
controls breathing, swallowing, digestion, heart rate, muscle…
the conduction and switching center associated with vision, h…
controls bodily functions and processes cognitive, auditory,…
spinal cord
connects a large part of the peripheral nervous system to the…
hindbrain
controls breathing, swallowing, digestion, heart rate, muscle…
74 terms
Chapter 2: Neurons/Brain AP Psychology
Dendrite
Cell Body
Axon
Myelin Sheath
Receives info from the axon terminals of the preceding neuron
Supports & maintains the neuron
Carries the message away from the cell body (always travels i…
Protects the axon, affects the speed of the impulse.
Dendrite
Receives info from the axon terminals of the preceding neuron
Cell Body
Supports & maintains the neuron
24 terms
Brain functions-AP Psychology Chapter 2 Meyers
spinal cord
brainstem
medulla
thalamus
pathway for neural fibers traveling to and from the brain; co…
responsible for autonomic survival functions
controls heartbeat and breathing
receives information from all the senses except smell and rou…
spinal cord
pathway for neural fibers traveling to and from the brain; co…
brainstem
responsible for autonomic survival functions
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain (Needed)
Neural Prosthetics
Endocrine System
Adrenal Glands
Somatic Nervous System
An electronic and/or mechanical device that connects with the…
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys; consist of…
the division of the peripheral nervous system that enables vo…
Neural Prosthetics
An electronic and/or mechanical device that connects with the…
Endocrine System
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
52 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2: The Study of the Brain
action potential
association areas
axon
Biological Psychology
a neural impulse - a brief electrical charge that travels dow…
areas of the cerebral cortext that are not involved in primar…
the extension of a neuron - ending in branching terminal fibe…
branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology…
action potential
a neural impulse - a brief electrical charge that travels dow…
association areas
areas of the cerebral cortext that are not involved in primar…
20 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 2 Vocab (brain)
brainstem
broca's area
central nervous system
cerebellum
the lowest portions of the brain, including the cerebellum, m…
a language area related to grammar and pronunciation
the brain and spinal cord
a brain structure that controls posture and coordination
brainstem
the lowest portions of the brain, including the cerebellum, m…
broca's area
a language area related to grammar and pronunciation
57 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2-Brain and Neural Communication
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
Adrenal Glands
Amygdala
a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory, and also…
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys. Secrete ho…
Two lime bean-sized neural clusters that are components of th…
Acetylcholine
a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory, and also…
Action Potential
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
18 terms
Brain Structures (AP Psychology Chapter 2)
Medulla
Pons
Reticular Formation
Thalamus
This is the structure at the base of the brainstem that contr…
This is the structure adjacent to the medulla that transmits…
This structure is a set of nuclei interspersed throughout the…
This structure is between the cerebral cortex and the midbrai…
Medulla
This is the structure at the base of the brainstem that contr…
Pons
This is the structure adjacent to the medulla that transmits…
72 terms
AP Psychology chapter 2 vocab (The Brain)
action potential
adrenal glands
agonist
all-or-none response
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys an…
a substance that binds to a specific receptor and triggers a…
is a principle that states that the strength of a response of…
action potential
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
adrenal glands
a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys an…
27 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 2 - Brain & Behavior
functional specialization
complex communication
pituitary gland
medulla
each function/capability of the nervous system is controlled…
each neural network or functions area is interconnected with/…
the endocrine system's most influential gland; regulates grow…
the base of the brain stem; controls heartbeat and breathing
functional specialization
each function/capability of the nervous system is controlled…
complex communication
each neural network or functions area is interconnected with/…
72 terms
AP Psychology chapter 2 vocab (The Brain)
action potential
adrenal glands
agonist
all-or-none response
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys an…
a substance that binds to a specific receptor and triggers a…
is a principle that states that the strength of a response of…
action potential
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
adrenal glands
a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys an…
33 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 - Bio Bases of Behavior - The Brain
lesion
electroencephalogram (EEG)
CT (computed tomography) scan
PET (positron emission tomography) scan
tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused dest…
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
a series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
lesion
tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused dest…
electroencephalogram (EEG)
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
16 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Brain Functions
Cerebellum
Medulla
Pons
Reticular Formation
coordinates right and left hemisphere movements
regulates heartbeat and breathing
coordinates movements and keeps you alert
controls the arousal;... alertness and drowsiness
Cerebellum
coordinates right and left hemisphere movements
Medulla
regulates heartbeat and breathing
32 terms
AP Psychology Final Review Chapter 2 (The brain)
Lesion
EEG
CT Scan
PET Scan
tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
A series of x-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
Lesion
tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
EEG
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
53 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 2: The Brain
Medulla
Pons
The Reticular Formation (RF)
Reticular Activating System (RAS)
Responsible for life-sustaining functions such as: breathing,…
Plays a part in sleep, dreaming, left-right body coordination…
A network of neurons running through the middle of the medull…
Part of the Reticular Formation that stimulates the upper par…
Medulla
Responsible for life-sustaining functions such as: breathing,…
Pons
Plays a part in sleep, dreaming, left-right body coordination…
46 terms
Psychology - Chapter 2 - The Brain
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
Serotonin
Endorphins
Function - memory, muscle contractions ... Botox is an antagonist
Function - happiness, reward and pleasure pathway... NOT ENOUGH…
Function - eating, sleeping, mood... NOT ENOUGH - Depression (SS…
Function - body's natural painkiller, emotions... Mimicked by o…
Acetylcholine
Function - memory, muscle contractions ... Botox is an antagonist
Dopamine
Function - happiness, reward and pleasure pathway... NOT ENOUGH…
57 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2-Brain and Neural Communication
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
Adrenal Glands
Amygdala
a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory, and also…
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys. Secrete ho…
Two lime bean-sized neural clusters that are components of th…
Acetylcholine
a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory, and also…
Action Potential
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
19 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 2 (Biology of the brain)
the motor cortex is located in the ___…
the auditory hallucinations experience…
the best way to detect enlarged fluid-…
to identify which of Lucy´s brain area…
frontal
temporal lobes
MRI
PET scan
the motor cortex is located in the ___…
frontal
the auditory hallucinations experience…
temporal lobes
40 terms
AP psychology chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
17 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Parts of the Brain
Brainstem
Medulla
Pons
Reticular Formation
the inner core of the brain that connects to the spinal cord…
a brainstem structure that controls vital involuntary functions
a portion of the brainstem that plays a role in sleep and aro…
a group of nerve cells in the brainstem that help to control…
Brainstem
the inner core of the brain that connects to the spinal cord…
Medulla
a brainstem structure that controls vital involuntary functions
30 terms
AP Psychology: Ch.2 Brain Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
A layer of fatty tissues segmentally encasing the fibers of m…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
30 terms
Ap Psych Chapter 2 - Brain Function and Structure
somatic nervous system
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
the division of the PNS that controls the body's skeletal mus…
the part of the PNS that controls the glands and the muscles…
the division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the…
the division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the b…
somatic nervous system
the division of the PNS that controls the body's skeletal mus…
autonomic nervous system
the part of the PNS that controls the glands and the muscles…
66 terms
AP Psychology: Ch 2 - The Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Terminal branches
a nerve cell, the basic building blocks of the nervous system.
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron. Passes messages away from the cell…
form junctions with other cells. Are used to receive neurotra…
Neuron
a nerve cell, the basic building blocks of the nervous system.
Dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
56 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Brain
cerebral cortex
Wernicke's area
Broca's area
CAT scan (Computerized axial tomograph)
It's name comes from the Latin words meaning bark; it is invo…
Language center that is essential to understanding relationsh…
When this structure is damaged, people usually understand lan…
Brain imaging technique that can reveal deformities in shape…
cerebral cortex
It's name comes from the Latin words meaning bark; it is invo…
Wernicke's area
Language center that is essential to understanding relationsh…
58 terms
AP Psychology ~ Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Nerve Cells; the basic building blocks of the neural informat…
Branching fibers that receive impulses from other cells at sy…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
Nerve Cells; the basic building blocks of the neural informat…
21 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Parts of the Brain
Brainstem
Medulla
Pons
Reticular Formation
the inner core of the brain that connects to the spinal cord…
a brainstem structure that controls vital involuntary functions
a portion of the brainstem that plays a role in sleep and aro…
a group of nerve cells in the brainstem that help to control…
Brainstem
the inner core of the brain that connects to the spinal cord…
Medulla
a brainstem structure that controls vital involuntary functions
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