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Study sets matching "vocabulary biology 101"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary biology 101"

41 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Archaean cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
have qualities of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes and exist i…
recognized for inventing one of the earliest microscopes and…
Eukaryotic cells
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Prokaryotic cells
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
101 terms
Biology 101 chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Elements That Make up 95% of Organisms
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
C Carbon... H Hydrogen... N Nitrogen... O Oxygen... P Phosphorus... S Sulfur
The smallest part of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
146 terms
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
29 terms
Biology 101 chapter 1
Biology
Levels of biological organization
Characteristics of Living Organisms
A cell is ...
the scientific study of life
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
Are organized... Acquire materials and energy... Reproduce... Respond…
the smallest unit of life.
Biology
the scientific study of life
Levels of biological organization
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
29 terms
Biology 101
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
Hydrogen
Helium
H
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
17 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 4
organic compounds
electron configuration
4
hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
those compounds containing carbon
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
# of valence electrons carbon has
the elements that carbon most frequently binds with
organic compounds
those compounds containing carbon
electron configuration
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
36 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 3
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
polar molecule
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
cohesion
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
48 terms
Biology 101
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
Define Nucleus
Define Cell
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
can be unicellular or multicellular
where the DNA is stored. Brain of the cell
basic/smallest unit of living organism
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
can be unicellular or multicellular
190 terms
Biology 101 - Test 1 Vocabulary
scientific method
mechanist
vitalist
cause and effect
to test the predictions of possible answers to questions abou…
believes that only natural forces govern living things, along…
believes that the universe is at least partially governed by…
the idea that one thing is the result of another thing
scientific method
to test the predictions of possible answers to questions abou…
mechanist
believes that only natural forces govern living things, along…
152 terms
Biology 101
What are the 5 properties of water?
What enters and leaves a cell?
How does water enter the cell?
What does a phospholipid bilayer mean?
Polar, adhesion properties, surface tension, high specific he…
air, water, food, light
selectively permeable membrane
There is a hydrophilic and hydrophobic layer and channels and…
What are the 5 properties of water?
Polar, adhesion properties, surface tension, high specific he…
What enters and leaves a cell?
air, water, food, light
50 terms
BIOLOGY 101 - GENETICS VOCABULARY
GENE EXPRESSION
TRANSCRIPTION
TRANSLATION
PROMOTER
process by which info encoded in DNA directs the synthesis of…
synthesis of RNA using DNA
synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic info encoded in…
specific nucleotide sequence in the DNA of a gene that binds…
GENE EXPRESSION
process by which info encoded in DNA directs the synthesis of…
TRANSCRIPTION
synthesis of RNA using DNA
15 terms
Photosynthesis Vocabulary THS CWU Biology 101
Photosynthesis
Stroma
Thylakoids
Light Reactions
The overall process of using light energy, water, and carbon…
The dense fluid within the chloroplast.
An elaborate system of membranous sacs that are interconnecte…
The phase of photosynthesis that uses water and energy to mak…
Photosynthesis
The overall process of using light energy, water, and carbon…
Stroma
The dense fluid within the chloroplast.
11 terms
AP Biology: Vocabulary 101
Active site
Active transport
Alternation of generations
Alveoli
The part of the enzyme where the substrate will bind.
The movement of the molecules across the cell membrane with t…
The life cycle of a plant that includes both a multicellular…
The functional unit of the lung
Active site
The part of the enzyme where the substrate will bind.
Active transport
The movement of the molecules across the cell membrane with t…
10 terms
Biology vocabulary 101-110
Population
Organism
Organ System
Organ
A group of organisms of the same species in a particular area
A living thing - may be as simple as a single-celled bacteria…
A group of organs in the body that work together to perform a…
A body part that consists of different tissues combining to p…
Population
A group of organisms of the same species in a particular area
Organism
A living thing - may be as simple as a single-celled bacteria…
103 terms
Biology 101-exam 3
Catabolic process
Fermentation
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
produces energy without oxygen
cellular respiration, most efficient, oxygen and sugar consum…
Catabolic process
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
Fermentation
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
167 terms
Biology 101 Exam 1
Biology
Reproduction
Energy Processing
Regulation
The scientific study of life
The ability of organisms to reproduce their own kind
The use of chemical energy to power an organisms activities a…
An ability to control an organism's internal environment with…
Biology
The scientific study of life
Reproduction
The ability of organisms to reproduce their own kind
8 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 11 Vocabulary
quorum sensing
paracrine signaling
synaptic signaling
endocrine signaling
a system of stimuli and responses correlated to population de…
form of local cell-cell communication in which a cell produce…
form of local cell-cell communication similar to paracrine si…
form of long distance cell-cell communication that occurs whe…
quorum sensing
a system of stimuli and responses correlated to population de…
paracrine signaling
form of local cell-cell communication in which a cell produce…
146 terms
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
50 terms
Biology Vocabulary 101-150
Nitrogenous Bases
Nondisjunction
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Found in nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) they include A, T, G, C, U…
Event during meiosis in which homologous chromosomes or siste…
DNA, RNA
building block of nucleic acid polymers
Nitrogenous Bases
Found in nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) they include A, T, G, C, U…
Nondisjunction
Event during meiosis in which homologous chromosomes or siste…
117 terms
Biology 101
metabolism
energy
kinetic energy
thermal energy
sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism
ability to do work or bring about a change
energy of motion
energy of heat
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism
energy
ability to do work or bring about a change
Biology 101 - Test 2 - Vocabulary
energy
entropy
first law of thermodynamics
kinetic energy
The capacity to do work
Measure of how much energy of a system is dispersed
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
The energy of motion
energy
The capacity to do work
entropy
Measure of how much energy of a system is dispersed
60 terms
Biology 101, Chapter 5
Energy
Kinetic energy
potential energy
first law of thermodynamics
The capacity to do work
energy of motion
stored energy. (objects are not moving, but have the capacity…
The total amount of energy before and after every conversion…
Energy
The capacity to do work
Kinetic energy
energy of motion
113 terms
Biology 101 Exam 2
Denaturation
Enzymes
Metabolism
Energy
Process of unzipping protein - leads to a loss of activity -…
Proteins that can catalyze biochemical reactions - lower ener…
Input and output of energy
Ability to do work - cannot be created or destroyed
Denaturation
Process of unzipping protein - leads to a loss of activity -…
Enzymes
Proteins that can catalyze biochemical reactions - lower ener…
111 terms
Biology 101
Pseudoscience
Quackery
Anecdotal Evidence
Ecology
Individuals make scientific sounding claims that are not supp…
Promoting the use and/or purchase of ... remedies even when ther…
Based on only one or a few ... observations, people conclude tha…
The study of the interactions living things have with each ot…
Pseudoscience
Individuals make scientific sounding claims that are not supp…
Quackery
Promoting the use and/or purchase of ... remedies even when ther…
95 terms
biology 101
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amino
R-OH (Alcohol)
c=o... Ketone and aldehyde
R-Cooh
Rnh2
Hydroxyl
R-OH (Alcohol)
Carbonyl
c=o... Ketone and aldehyde
119 terms
Biology 101- exam 4
Genome
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Sister chromatids
An organisms complete collection of DNA
Complex of DNA and proteins in a condensed format
Complex of DNA and proteins (histones)
Identical bonded chromosomes, same genetic material
Genome
An organisms complete collection of DNA
Chromosomes
Complex of DNA and proteins in a condensed format
31 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 1
biosphere
ecosystem
communities
populations
consists of all life on earth and all places where life exists
consists of all living things in a particular area along with…
the array of organisms inhabiting a particular ecosystem
consist of all the individuals of a species living within the…
biosphere
consists of all life on earth and all places where life exists
ecosystem
consists of all living things in a particular area along with…
60 terms
Biology 101 Exam 3 Vocabulary
diffusion
concentration gradient
passive transport
osmosis
random movement of particles that results in the net movement…
a region along which the density of a chemical substance incr…
diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane with no…
diffusion of free water across a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
random movement of particles that results in the net movement…
concentration gradient
a region along which the density of a chemical substance incr…
59 terms
Biology 101
Inheritance
Genetics
Allele
Phenotype
Passage of traits
Studies Inheritance
Alternate form of a single trait
traits that are observable ex: flower color
Inheritance
Passage of traits
Genetics
Studies Inheritance
77 terms
Biology 101
Inductive reasoning
Deductive reasoning
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cell
from a number of observations, a general conclusion is drawn.
from general premise, specific results are predicted.
single-celled (unicellular), lacks a nucleus, or other membra…
cell that has a membrane-bound nucleus, has organelles, nucle…
Inductive reasoning
from a number of observations, a general conclusion is drawn.
Deductive reasoning
from general premise, specific results are predicted.
Biology 101 Test 2 - Vocabulary
Absorption Spectrum
Accessory Pigment(s)
Active Site
Anabolism
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
A photosynthetic pigment that traps light energy and channels…
the specific region of an enzyme where a substrate binds and…
a chemical reactions in which simpler substances are combined…
Absorption Spectrum
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
Accessory Pigment(s)
A photosynthetic pigment that traps light energy and channels…
31 terms
Biology 101
Matter
Electron
Neutron
Proton
Something that has mass and takes up space. Matter makes up e…
Negatively charged particles that orbit the nucleus of an atom
Neutral (don't have a charge) particles in the nucleus of an…
Positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
Matter
Something that has mass and takes up space. Matter makes up e…
Electron
Negatively charged particles that orbit the nucleus of an atom
21 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 9
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anerobic respiration
redox reaction
partial degradation of of sugars or other organic fuel that o…
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
catabolic pathway in which substances other than oxygen are u…
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
partial degradation of of sugars or other organic fuel that o…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
53 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 5
polymer
monomer
enzyme
dehydration reaction
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the smaller individual repeating units that serve as the buil…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions i…
chemical reaction for synthesizing a polymer
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
monomer
the smaller individual repeating units that serve as the buil…
143 terms
Biology 101
Thigmotropism
Photosynthesis
scientific method 1
How many key steps (elements)are there…
is the word we use to describe the coiling growth patterns th…
is the process by which plants put molecules together using t…
is a set of procedures that scientists follow in order to gai…
There are six key steps.
Thigmotropism
is the word we use to describe the coiling growth patterns th…
Photosynthesis
is the process by which plants put molecules together using t…
38 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
94 terms
Biology 101 - Exam 2
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Make appear larger than it is, especially with a lens or micr…
A measurement - usually expressed in linear dots per inch (dp…
A principle of design referring to the difference in brightne…
Light Microscope
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Magnification
Make appear larger than it is, especially with a lens or micr…
105 terms
Biology 101
Science
Knowledge v. Belief
Empirical Knowledge
Superstition or Anecdotal Evidence
the study of physical and natural world through observations,…
science teaches HOW to think NOT WHAT to think
based on experience and observations that are rational, testa…
false conception of causation... you can think 2 things have rel…
Science
the study of physical and natural world through observations,…
Knowledge v. Belief
science teaches HOW to think NOT WHAT to think
53 terms
Biology 101
Evolution
Mutation
Migration
Immigration
The change of an organism over time
The ultimate source of variation. These occur so rarely that…
allows members who are related to exchange alleles that would…
alleles enter the population.
Evolution
The change of an organism over time
Mutation
The ultimate source of variation. These occur so rarely that…
36 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 2
matter
elements
compound
carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen
anything that takes up space and has mass.
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
the elements that make up 96% of living matter
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass.
elements
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
40 terms
biology 101
active transport
diffusion
diffusion is the movement of molecules
main function of cell wall
requires input energy from the cell, moves things in and out…
it occurs because molecules constantly move and collide with…
from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentr…
support and protect
active transport
requires input energy from the cell, moves things in and out…
diffusion
it occurs because molecules constantly move and collide with…
46 terms
Biology 101 Lab Midterm
Steps of Scientific Method
objective
subjective
Gram stain ... (+)... (-)
1. Observation... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Experiment
Observation that is Concrete (can be verified/measured)
observation that is not measurable
Identifies bacteria... (+) has thick cell wall turns purple ... (-)…
Steps of Scientific Method
1. Observation... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Experiment
objective
Observation that is Concrete (can be verified/measured)
35 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 12
cell division
cell cycle
chromosomes
chromatin
the reproduction of cells
life of a cell form its formation from a parent cell until it…
cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and associa…
material of chromosomes consisting of DNA and proteins
cell division
the reproduction of cells
cell cycle
life of a cell form its formation from a parent cell until it…
71 terms
Biology 101
digestive system
mouth
pharynx
esophagus
organ system that receives food and digests it into nutrient…
oral cavity; location where mechanical and chemical digestion…
portion of the digestive system tract between the mouth and t…
muscular tube for moving swallowed food from the pharynx to t…
digestive system
organ system that receives food and digests it into nutrient…
mouth
oral cavity; location where mechanical and chemical digestion…
12 terms
Biology 101 organelles
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Ribosomes
Golgi
synthesize liquids, process drugs, alcohol
(has mad ribosomes) synthesize membrane for itself & proteins…
Free ribosomes make proteins that function within cytoplasm.…
one side of golgi takes in future-exports, other side ships i…
Smooth ER
synthesize liquids, process drugs, alcohol
Rough ER
(has mad ribosomes) synthesize membrane for itself & proteins…
31 terms
Biology 101
Biology
LIFE IS ORGANIZED
atoms
molecules
scientific study of life
begins with atoms
basic units of matter
combination of atoms
Biology
scientific study of life
LIFE IS ORGANIZED
begins with atoms
148 terms
Biology 101
What are the characteristics of living…
Prokaryotes (Before nucleic)
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotic
-Are composed of one or more cells... -Obtain energy (and matter…
Unicell, smaller, simple, most do not have small organs, bact…
Multicell, larger, more complex, membrane enclosed small orga…
Asexual= Energy comes from the bonds viruses not all consider…
What are the characteristics of living…
-Are composed of one or more cells... -Obtain energy (and matter…
Prokaryotes (Before nucleic)
Unicell, smaller, simple, most do not have small organs, bact…
68 terms
Biology 101
coarse vs. fine adjustment knobs
parts of a microscope
Scanner objective
Low objective
Coarse: larger, used in low perspective... Fine adjustment knob:…
arm and base, eyepiece, scanner, low, and high power objectiv…
4x: used to search for part of specimen
Magnifies the object ten times (10×)
coarse vs. fine adjustment knobs
Coarse: larger, used in low perspective... Fine adjustment knob:…
parts of a microscope
arm and base, eyepiece, scanner, low, and high power objectiv…
34 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Inheritance (heredity)
genetics
gene
locus
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
hereditary units passed down from one generation to the next
a gene's specific location on the chromosome
Inheritance (heredity)
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
123 terms
Biology 101
heterotroph
autotroph
myostatin
emergent properties
ingest or absorb food,,animals fungi
make their own food,,plants
gene that inhibits muscle growth
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
heterotroph
ingest or absorb food,,animals fungi
autotroph
make their own food,,plants
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