Study sets matching "vocabulary biology 2"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary biology 2"

Biology Keystone Vocabulary #2
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Endosymbiosis
Eukaryote
Golgi Apparatus
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
An organelle found in eukaryotic cells responsible for the fi…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Endosymbiosis
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
39 terms
2.1 IB Biology Vocabulary
Carbohydrates
lipids
glucose
Proteins
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
Monosaccharide, (6 carbon ring), C6H12O6. Can be alpha or bet…
Contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and additionally…
Carbohydrates
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
lipids
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
Biology Vocabulary 2-2
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
solution
an attraction between the molecules of the same substance.
an attraction between molecules of different substances
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
a mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of…
cohesion
an attraction between the molecules of the same substance.
adhesion
an attraction between molecules of different substances
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Cohesion
Element
Adhesion
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Atom
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
30 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.2)
abiotic factor
biological community
biome
biosphere
Any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
All the interacting populations of different species that liv…
A large group of ecosystems that share the same climate and h…
The relatively thin layer of Earth and its atmosphere that su…
abiotic factor
Any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
biological community
All the interacting populations of different species that liv…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Standard 2
Organelles
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Cellular Respiration
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... Conversion of light ene…
Occurs in both plant and animal cells, ... Is the process of get…
Creating energy or ATP from glucose and oxygen
Organelles
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... Conversion of light ene…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary-Sections 2.1 and 2.2
atom
nucleus
neutron
electron
basic unit of matter; the smallest particles ... of matter
the center of the atom; contains protons and neutrons
subatomic particle found in the nucleus; has no charge
negatively charged sub atomic particle found in the space sur…
atom
basic unit of matter; the smallest particles ... of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom; contains protons and neutrons
Biology Vocabulary List 2
Cellulose
Fully permeable
Cell surface membrane
Metabolic reactions
A polysaccharide carbohydrate which forms fibers and is found…
Able to let most substances pass through
A very thin layer of fat and protein that surrounds every liv…
The chemical reactions that take place inside a living organism
Cellulose
A polysaccharide carbohydrate which forms fibers and is found…
Fully permeable
Able to let most substances pass through
30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Biology: Graphing Vocabulary 2
X Axis
Y Axis
Interval
Origin
on bottom; horizontal; side to side
vertical; up and down
("inter" means "in between"); spaces between each mark on you…
Zero "0" point; on bottom left
X Axis
on bottom; horizontal; side to side
Y Axis
vertical; up and down
30 terms
Biology Ch. 2 Vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
A living part of an ecosystem
The non-living parts of an ecosystem such as soil, climate an…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
11 terms
2-2 Vocabulary Biology
Cohesive
Adhesion
Mixture
Solution
The sticking together of molecules and atoms.
The force of attraction between two unalike molecules or atoms.
A combination of substances in which the individual substance…
a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is…
Cohesive
The sticking together of molecules and atoms.
Adhesion
The force of attraction between two unalike molecules or atoms.
Biology 2.3 Vocabulary
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
simple sugar
monomer
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
2.2 Biology Vocabulary
solvent
polar covalent bond
hydrogen bond
cohesion
having the power of dissolving; causing solution.
a pair of electrons is unequally shared between two atoms
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
the sticking together of particles of the same substance.
solvent
having the power of dissolving; causing solution.
polar covalent bond
a pair of electrons is unequally shared between two atoms
Biology vocabulary 2-3
monomers
polymers
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; majo…
single sugar molecule
monomers
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymers
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Biology Vocabulary 6.2
chemical reaction
reactant
products
activation energy
The process by which atoms or groups of atoms in substances a…
starting substances
substances formed during the reaction
The minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
chemical reaction
The process by which atoms or groups of atoms in substances a…
reactant
starting substances
41 terms
MVHS Biology IB2 Plant Vocabulary
Sepal
petal
pistil
stigma
1
8
4
Sepal
petal
1
2.2 Biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Herbivore
Carnivore
is an organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorgani…
also called a consumer, is an organism that obtains energy by…
only eats plants
only eats meat
Autotroph
is an organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorgani…
Heterotroph
also called a consumer, is an organism that obtains energy by…
100% vocabulary, biology 2
chromosomes
clone
dominant trait
gene
structures in the center of a cell that carry genes
an identical copy of something grown from a single cell of it…
a trait that is visible or rules over other traits
a tiny part of a chromosome that contains genetic information…
chromosomes
structures in the center of a cell that carry genes
clone
an identical copy of something grown from a single cell of it…
10 terms
Week 2 Biology Vocabulary Terms
DNA Replication
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Roots
The cellular process of making a copy of DNA; necessary in or…
The process of cell division- consists of several steps (PMAT…
The repeating process of cell growth and reproduction through…
Tissues that plants use to absorb water and minerals from soil
DNA Replication
The cellular process of making a copy of DNA; necessary in or…
Mitosis
The process of cell division- consists of several steps (PMAT…
10 terms
Biology - 3.2 Vocabulary
autotroph
primary producer
heterotroph
consumer
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later used b…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and fo…
autotroph
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
primary producer
first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later used b…
Biology 7-2 vocabulary
Organelle
Cytoplasm
Nuclear envelope
Chromatin
Specialized organs; little organs
The portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Layer of 2 membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a cell
Granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA…
Organelle
Specialized organs; little organs
Cytoplasm
The portion of the cell outside the nucleus
23 terms
biology vocabulary #2
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
the basic structural unit of all organisms
is a scientific theory which describes the properties of cells.
a central part about which other parts are grouped.
organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelles e…
cell
the basic structural unit of all organisms
cell theory
is a scientific theory which describes the properties of cells.
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary Set 2
Body Cell
Nucleus
Chromosome
Gene
The most basic structural unit of an organism. Cells are aliv…
The "brain" of the cell, which contains the "instructions" th…
A long molecule of DNA, made up of many genes. During cell di…
A small piece of a chromosome that provides instructions for…
Body Cell
The most basic structural unit of an organism. Cells are aliv…
Nucleus
The "brain" of the cell, which contains the "instructions" th…
Biology Vocabulary 12-2
DNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Adenine
hereditary molecule for most species, made up of nucleotides
Subunit (monomer) of a nucleic acied
sugar found in DNA, 5 carbon sugar
nitrogenous base that binds to thymine
DNA
hereditary molecule for most species, made up of nucleotides
Nucleotide
Subunit (monomer) of a nucleic acied
16 terms
Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary
cell
unicellular
multicellular
reproduction
the smallest unit of life
organisms made of one cell
organisms made of more than one cell
the ability to reproduce parent to child
cell
the smallest unit of life
unicellular
organisms made of one cell
31 terms
Biology Standard 2 Vocabulary
Organelles... elles = little
Photosynthesis... Photo = light... synthesi…
Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Small units that carry out individual life-functions inside o…
The ability of plants to convert sunlight into chemical energ…
The method used to supply oxygen to cells .... *two kinds, exte…
The metabolism of sugars to provide energy at the cellular le…
Organelles... elles = little
Small units that carry out individual life-functions inside o…
Photosynthesis... Photo = light... synthesi…
The ability of plants to convert sunlight into chemical energ…
60 terms
Biology Vocabulary Test #2
Active Transport
ATP
Cell Cycle
Cellular Respiration
the movement of chemical substances, usually across the cell…
adenosine triphosphate, an organic molecule that acts as the…
the life cycle of a cell; in eukaryotes, it consists of a cel…
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Active Transport
the movement of chemical substances, usually across the cell…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate, an organic molecule that acts as the…
10 terms
Chapter 2.2 Biology vocabulary
cohesion
adhesion
solution
suspension
The attraction of molecules of the same substance
The force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
a type of mixture in which all the components are evenly dist…
a mixture of water and nondissolved material
cohesion
The attraction of molecules of the same substance
adhesion
The force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
34 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
element
compound
molecule
the smallest unit of matter
a substance which contains only one type of atom
a substance with 2 or more atoms which are chemically combined
a substance with 2 or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
atom
the smallest unit of matter
element
a substance which contains only one type of atom
12 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
a negatively charged particle electrons are in constant motio…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom;…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Total Magnification (microscope)
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
Eyepiece lens magnification X objective lens magnification
Cell Theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Prokaryotic Cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
8 terms
Section 2 Vocabulary Biology
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Herbívoro
Carnívoro
un organismo que produce su propia energía. (Ejemplo: las pla…
un organismo que tiene consumir otros organismos para obtener…
un organismo que come sólo plantas
un organismo que sólo come carne
Autotroph
un organismo que produce su propia energía. (Ejemplo: las pla…
Heterotroph
un organismo que tiene consumir otros organismos para obtener…
Biology- Unit 2 Vocabulary
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Vacuoles
Found inside the nucleus; makes ribosomes
Controls the cell. DNA is found here
Surrounds the nucleus.
Stores food, water, and other materials
Nucleolus
Found inside the nucleus; makes ribosomes
Nucleus
Controls the cell. DNA is found here
Biology Chapter #2 Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
the basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
the negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic n…
a substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
Atom
the basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
8 terms
2.2 Biology Vocabulary
Trophic
Heterotrophs
Food Web
Trophic
Each step in a food chain or food web
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
A community of organisms where there are several interrelated…
Each step in a food chain or food web
Trophic
Each step in a food chain or food web
Heterotrophs
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
11 terms
Biology 2.2 Vocabulary
High Specific Heat
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
water resists changes in temperature
the attraction among molecules of a substance, which can caus…
the attraction among molecules of different substance, which…
the disolvement of materials
High Specific Heat
water resists changes in temperature
Cohesion
the attraction among molecules of a substance, which can caus…
Biology vocabulary set #2
Biology
Reproduction
species
growth
the study of life
Production of offspring
a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile…
results in an increase in living material and formation of ne…
Biology
the study of life
Reproduction
Production of offspring
57 terms
STAAR Biology Review Vocabulary 2
Biomass
Limiting Factor
PIoneer Species
Decomposer
accumulation of living matter in a given area
environmental conditions that limit the growth, abundance, di…
species which are first to colonize previously disrupted or d…
organism whose function involves recycling of nutrients
Biomass
accumulation of living matter in a given area
Limiting Factor
environmental conditions that limit the growth, abundance, di…
biology 2 vocabulary cont.
solid
solid
liquid
liquid
a state of matter with a fixed shape and a fixed volume
a state of matter with an unfixed shape and a fixed volume
solid
a state of matter with a fixed shape and a fixed volume
solid
27 terms
Biology - Unit 2 Vocabulary
light microscope
electron microscope
magnification
resolution
a microscope that uses a beam of visible light passing throug…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or…
in microscopes, the ability to form images with fine detail
light microscope
a microscope that uses a beam of visible light passing throug…
electron microscope
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
The quantity of matter an object has.
Substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
The simplest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Mass
The quantity of matter an object has.
2-2 Biology Vocabulary
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixtures
Solution
the sticking together of particles of the same substance.
the sticking together of particles of different substances
a material system made up of two or more different mixtures t…
a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is…
Cohesion
the sticking together of particles of the same substance.
Adhesion
the sticking together of particles of different substances
Biology Vocabulary 2-2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
Solution
Is an attraction between molecules of the same substance
is an attraction between molecules of different substances
is a material composed of two or elements or compounds that a…
when ions gradually disappear in water, becoming one substance
Cohesion
Is an attraction between molecules of the same substance
Adhesion
is an attraction between molecules of different substances
11 terms
2-2 Vocabulary Biology
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
Solution
"Attraction between molecules of the same substance." (p. 41).
"Attraction between molecules of different substances; in pla…
"Material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
"Mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of…
Cohesion
"Attraction between molecules of the same substance." (p. 41).
Adhesion
"Attraction between molecules of different substances; in pla…
Biology 2-2 Vocabulary
Cohesion
Adhesion
MIxture
Solution
The attraction between molecules of the same... substance
The attraction between molecules of different... substances; in…
A material composed of two or more elements... or compounds that…
A mixture of two or more substances in which... the molecules of…
Cohesion
The attraction between molecules of the same... substance
Adhesion
The attraction between molecules of different... substances; in…
24 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
a polysaccharide with the formula (C6H10O5)n, consisting of a…
formation of larger molecules involving the removal of water…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
2.2 vocabulary Biology
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
Hydrogen bond
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary #2
bio
capilli
celli
chemo
life
hair
cell
by chemicals
bio
life
capilli
hair
1 of 10