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Study sets matching "vocabulary biology 4"

22 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
habitat
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
process in which certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and…
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
weather
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Standard 4
DNA
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
DNA is duplicated, takes place during Interphase
A stage in reproduction whereby an egg and a sperm fuse to cr…
An allele that is always expressed if present, ex: AA or Aa
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
Replication
DNA is duplicated, takes place during Interphase
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.4)
age structure
carrying capacity
demographic transition
demography
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
population change from high birth rates and death rates to lo…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
14 terms
4 Biology Vocabulary Words
Extracellular digestion
Mycelium
Hypha
Rhizoid hypha
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell.
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestio…
Filament of fungal cells
A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus…
Extracellular digestion
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell.
Mycelium
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestio…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
habitat
niche
resource
competitive exclusion principle
The general place where an organism lives
What an organism does and how it interacts with the abiotic a…
Any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food…
The rule that says that no two species can occupy exactly the…
habitat
The general place where an organism lives
niche
What an organism does and how it interacts with the abiotic a…
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary List 4
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
Cellulose
Maltose
A carbohydrate whose molecules are made of one sugar unit
A carbohydrate whose molecules are made up of hundreds of sug…
The polysaccharide that is used in plants as an energy store
A disaccharide produced by the digestion of starch
Monosaccharide
A carbohydrate whose molecules are made of one sugar unit
Polysaccharide
A carbohydrate whose molecules are made up of hundreds of sug…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Biome
Weather
Resource
Secondary Succession
Complex of terrestrial communities that covers a large area a…
The day to day conditions of the earth's atmosphere.
A necessity of life such as water, food, and nutrients.
When an area restores an ecosystem that previously existed.
Biome
Complex of terrestrial communities that covers a large area a…
Weather
The day to day conditions of the earth's atmosphere.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
a process which can synthesize ATP by using chemicals ins pla…
the process by which plant, algae and some bacteria use sunli…
ATP
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
ADP
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
32 terms
Biology Standard 4 Vocabulary
DNA
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
The material that makes up your genetic "blueprint"
The ability for DNA to make copies of itself in order for cel…
The moment when two gametes fuse together and create a new em…
This is when a gene masks or "blocks" the expression of anoth…
DNA
The material that makes up your genetic "blueprint"
Replication
The ability for DNA to make copies of itself in order for cel…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
Environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
Situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere due…
weather
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
climate
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
12 terms
Biology: Ch 4 Vocabulary - Photosynthesis
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
The process used by some bacteria to harvest energy from inor…
A process used by plants, some protists, and some bacteria wh…
ATP
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
ADP
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
18 terms
Biology 4.4 Vocabulary
Artificial Selection
Directional Selection
Disruptive Selection
Endosymbiosis
Breeding organisms with specific... traits in order to produce…
Natural selection in which... individuals at one end of the ... p…
Natural selection in which... individuals at the upper and ... lo…
Process through which early... prokaryotic cells are thought to…
Artificial Selection
Breeding organisms with specific... traits in order to produce…
Directional Selection
Natural selection in which... individuals at one end of the ... p…
67 terms
Biology Vocabulary List 4
DNA
Chromosomes
Sex chromosomes
Nucleotide Sequence
-"code of life" because it contains the instructions for buil…
-a structure in the nucleus of a cell that consists of one lo…
-one pair of chromosomes in an organism determines the sex (m…
-each individual organism has unique characteristics that ari…
DNA
-"code of life" because it contains the instructions for buil…
Chromosomes
-a structure in the nucleus of a cell that consists of one lo…
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary #4
exo
extra
fissus
flagellum
outside
beyond
pair
whip
exo
outside
extra
beyond
12 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Sections 3 & 4 Vocabulary
mixture
solvent
solute
pH
combination of 2 or more substances in which each substance r…
a substance in which another substance is dissolved
substance that is dissolved in the solvent
the measure of the concentration of H+ in a solution
mixture
combination of 2 or more substances in which each substance r…
solvent
a substance in which another substance is dissolved
24 terms
Unit 4 Biology Vocabulary
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
An organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is depend…
An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorgan…
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organism…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is depend…
Chapter 4 Biology Vocabulary
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
the part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
the membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary Week 4
Cyto-
Di-/Diplo-
Dis-
Divers-
Cell
Two (2)
Apart; Away
Different; Various
Cyto-
Cell
Di-/Diplo-
Two (2)
22 terms
Vocabulary 4 Biology
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
any substance that undergoes a chemical change in a given rea…
a substance obtained from another substance through chemical…
to treat (a protein or the like) by chemical or physical mean…
Chemical Reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Reactant
any substance that undergoes a chemical change in a given rea…
10 terms
2-4 vocabulary- biology
chemical reaction
reactant ( of a chemical reaction)
substrate ( of a chemical reaction)
product ( of a chemical reaction)
process tat changes one set of chemicals of another set of ch…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
process tat changes one set of chemicals of another set of ch…
reactant ( of a chemical reaction)
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
7 terms
11.4 Biology Vocabulary
homologous
diploid
haploid
meiosis
two sets of chromosomes ( each of the four chromosomes from t…
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes ("tw…
cell containing only a single set of chromosomes therefore a…
is a process the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in hal…
homologous
two sets of chromosomes ( each of the four chromosomes from t…
diploid
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes ("tw…
16 terms
Biology vocabulary 7-4
cell membrane
cell wall
lipid bilayer
concentration
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Strong, supporting layer around the cell membrane of plants,…
Double layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell m…
the mass of solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/vol…
cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
cell wall
Strong, supporting layer around the cell membrane of plants,…
9 terms
Ch. 4 biology vocabulary
ATP
Chlorophyll
Diffusion
Photosynthesis
A form of chemical energy that can be used by a cell to carry…
A substance in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy.
The movement of substances from an area that is crowded to an…
The process by which plant cells use carbon dioxide, water, a…
ATP
A form of chemical energy that can be used by a cell to carry…
Chlorophyll
A substance in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy.
Chapter 4 Biology Vocabulary
1.ATP
2.ADP
3.Chemosynthesis
4.Photosynthesis
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
A process by which some organisms use chemical energy to make…
A process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
1.ATP
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
2.ADP
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
13 terms
Biology - Unit 4 Vocabulary
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
electron transport chain
process in which organisms convert energy in the presence of…
process in which organisms convert energy for their use in th…
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
a series of molecules, found in the inner membranes of mitoch…
aerobic respiration
process in which organisms convert energy in the presence of…
anaerobic respiration
process in which organisms convert energy for their use in th…
19 terms
Ch 4 Biology Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate - transfers energy from the breakdown…
adenosine diphosphate - lower-energy molecule that can be con…
process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead o…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars tha…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate - transfers energy from the breakdown…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate - lower-energy molecule that can be con…
19 terms
Biology chapter 4 vocabulary
1 ATP
2 ADP
3 chemosynthesis
4 Photosynthesis
Is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
Is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
is a process by which some organism use chemical energy to ma…
is a process that captures energy from sunllight to make energy
1 ATP
Is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
2 ADP
Is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
41 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
15 terms
Biology Vocabulary 4.4
climate diagram
canopy
understory
deciduous
shows the average temperature and precipitation at a given lo…
dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forests…
layer in rain forest found underneath the canopy formed by sh…
a plant that sheds its leaves during a particular season
climate diagram
shows the average temperature and precipitation at a given lo…
canopy
dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forests…
15 terms
Biology Week 4 Vocabulary
Lipid Bilayer
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
flexible double-layered sheet that makes up the cell membrane…
The graduated difference in concentration of a solute per uni…
The condition in which all acting influences are balanced or…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Lipid Bilayer
flexible double-layered sheet that makes up the cell membrane…
Concentration Gradient
The graduated difference in concentration of a solute per uni…
11 terms
Biology: Vocabulary Week 4
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Starchthe
a simple sugar; a carbohydrate whose... molecules are made of on…
a complex sugar; a carbohydrate whose molecules... are made of t…
a carbohydrate whose molecules are made of... hundreds of sugar…
the polysaccharide that is used as an energy store in... plant c…
Monosaccharide
a simple sugar; a carbohydrate whose... molecules are made of on…
Disaccharide
a complex sugar; a carbohydrate whose molecules... are made of t…
10 terms
7.4 Vocabulary Biology
diffusion
dynamic equilibrium
facilitated diffusion
osmosis
net movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
condition of continuous, random movement of particles but no…
passive transport of ions and small molecules across the plas…
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
net movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
dynamic equilibrium
condition of continuous, random movement of particles but no…
22 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 5.4 Cladistics, Evolution
Analogous
Clade
Cladistics
Cladograms
Trait structures that evolved independently but are similar b…
a group comprised of an ancestral species plus all of the spe…
constructing a phylogenetic tree based on primitive and share…
a diagram which shows groupings based on primitive and shared…
Analogous
Trait structures that evolved independently but are similar b…
Clade
a group comprised of an ancestral species plus all of the spe…
Biology Vocabulary 4.4
Canopy
Understory
Deciduous
Coniferous
dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest t…
layer in a rain forest found underneath the canopy formed by…
term used to refer to a type of tree that sheds its leaves du…
term used to refer to trees that produces seed-bearing cones…
Canopy
dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest t…
Understory
layer in a rain forest found underneath the canopy formed by…
36 terms
Biology Vocabulary Category 4
homeostasis
testes
ovaries
endocrine system
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Interstitial cells make testosterone/sperm when stimulated by…
Estrogen
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
testes
Interstitial cells make testosterone/sperm when stimulated by…
14 terms
Biology Ch 1 Lesson 3-4 Vocabulary
Solution
Carbohydrate
Fat
Protein
A mixture that forms when one substance dissolves another.
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
A chemeical that stores large amounts of energy
A chemical used by living thins to build and repair body part…
Solution
A mixture that forms when one substance dissolves another.
Carbohydrate
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
24 terms
Coats Biology Vocabulary Set #4
Founder effect
Frameshift mutation
Fungi
Gene
change in allele frequencies as a result of the migration of…
mutation that changes the "reading frame" of codons due to th…
heterotrophic eukaryotes whose cell walls contain chitin.
a sequence of DNA that includes instructions for producing a…
Founder effect
change in allele frequencies as a result of the migration of…
Frameshift mutation
mutation that changes the "reading frame" of codons due to th…
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary #4
Active transport
Cell theory
Diffusion
Eukaryotic cell
Energy-requiring movement of molecules across a membrane from…
States that all organisms are made of cells, all cells are pr…
Movement of dissolved molecules in fluid or gas from a region…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
Active transport
Energy-requiring movement of molecules across a membrane from…
Cell theory
States that all organisms are made of cells, all cells are pr…
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary #4
osmosis
diffusion
active transport
isotonic
diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
process by which molecules tend to move from an area of *high…
energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell…
when the concentration of two solutions is the same
osmosis
diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
process by which molecules tend to move from an area of *high…
Biology - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
matter
element
trace element
compound
anything that occupies space and has mass
pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substanc…
element critical to health that makes up less than 0.01% of b…
substance containing two or more elements chemically combined…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
element
pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substanc…
30 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.4 Proteins
Albumin
Amino acids
Amino group
Carboxylic group
the main protein of human plasma. Its main function is to reg…
building block of proteins consisting of the basic amino grou…
NH2
COOH
Albumin
the main protein of human plasma. Its main function is to reg…
Amino acids
building block of proteins consisting of the basic amino grou…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
mixture
solution
solvent
solute
substance composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
homogeneous mixture in which one substance is dissolved in an…
substance in which a solute is dissolved to produce a solution
substance that is dissolved in a mixture
mixture
substance composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
solution
homogeneous mixture in which one substance is dissolved in an…
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Passive Transport
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
An increase or decrease in the density of a chemical substanc…
As molecules moving in one direction is equal to the number m…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Passive Transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
Concentration Gradient
An increase or decrease in the density of a chemical substanc…
9 terms
Biology 4.4 vocabulary
canopy
understory
deciduous
conferous
A dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest…
Layer in a rain forest formed by shorter trees and vines
Trees and shrubs that shed their leaves at the end of the gro…
trees or conifers that prodece seed-bearing cones, and most h…
canopy
A dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest…
understory
Layer in a rain forest formed by shorter trees and vines
43 terms
Biology Vocabulary Set 4
Angiosperm
Anther
Carpel
Chlorophyll
A flowering plant that produces seeds enclosed within a carpel
Pollen grains are reproduced and the stamen part contains the…
The ovule-containing reproductive structure of flowering plan…
A green pigment found in chloroplast; the pigments absurd lig…
Angiosperm
A flowering plant that produces seeds enclosed within a carpel
Anther
Pollen grains are reproduced and the stamen part contains the…
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary 4
producer
chemosynthesis
biomass
consumer
An organism that can make its own food.
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
producer
An organism that can make its own food.
chemosynthesis
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary 4
Bacteria
Binary Fission
Capsule
Configuration
microscopic prokaryotes most are beneficial to humans and to…
asexual form of reproduction used by some prokaryotes in whic…
polysaccharide layer secreted around the cell wall by some pr…
arrangement
Bacteria
microscopic prokaryotes most are beneficial to humans and to…
Binary Fission
asexual form of reproduction used by some prokaryotes in whic…
44 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Plasma membrane
Prokaryotic cells
Nucleus
Nucleolus
a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins; forms a flexib…
lack a membrane enclosed nucleus, and are smaller and structu…
the cell's genetic control center, houses the cell's DNA and…
makes the subunits of ribosomes; ribosomal RNA is synthesized…
Plasma membrane
a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins; forms a flexib…
Prokaryotic cells
lack a membrane enclosed nucleus, and are smaller and structu…
19 terms
biology chapter 4 vocabulary
1.ATP
2.ADP
3.chemosynthesis
4.photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
chemosynthesis process by which ATP is synthesized by using c…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
1.ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
2.ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
ATP
ADP
Organism that obtains its energy & nutrients by consuming oth…
Organisms that obtains its energy from abiotic sources, such…
Molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food mol…
Lower energy molecule that can be converted to ATP by the add…
Heterotrophs
Organism that obtains its energy & nutrients by consuming oth…
Autotrophs
Organisms that obtains its energy from abiotic sources, such…
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