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Study sets matching "vocabulary cellular respiration biology 100"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary cellular respiration biology 100"

23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
14 terms
WHS Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
aerobic
anaerobic
cellular respiration
glycolysis
a process that requires oxygen
a process that does not require oxegyn
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
the first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a…
aerobic
a process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
a process that does not require oxegyn
9 terms
Biology vocabulary cellular respiration
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
12 terms
Biology: Ch 4 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration
ATP
ADP
Electron transport chain
ATP synthase
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
A series of proteins which function to transport a high energ…
An enzyme embedded in the inner membrane which uses the elect…
ATP
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
ADP
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
15 terms
Cellular Respiration Biology Vocabulary
cellular respiration
glycolysis
krebs cycle
electron transport train
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
a series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
cellular respiration
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
16 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
Chemiosmosis
Cellular Respiration
Chemical Grooming
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules, the sto…
Turns pyruvate into acetyl coA, occurs in the cytoplasm, also…
Acetyl CoA
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
Chemiosmosis
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
29 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
alcohol fermentation
Chemiosmosis
Cellular Respiration
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
the conversion of the acid produced by glycolysis to carbon d…
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules, the sto…
Acetyl CoA
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
alcohol fermentation
the conversion of the acid produced by glycolysis to carbon d…
24 terms
Cellular Respiration- biology vocabulary
Cellular respiration
Anabolic pathway
Catabolic
Oxidation
Food molecules are broken down to produce ATP
Use energy from catabolic pathways to build larger molecules…
Release energy by breaking down larger molecules into smaller…
Loss of electrons
Cellular respiration
Food molecules are broken down to produce ATP
Anabolic pathway
Use energy from catabolic pathways to build larger molecules…
24 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
Chemiosmosis
Cellular Respiration
Chemical Grooming
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules, the sto…
Turns pyruvate into acetyl coA, occurs in the cytoplasm, also…
Acetyl CoA
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
Chemiosmosis
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
22 terms
Biology cellular respiration vocabulary
Cellular respiration
Metabolism
Glycolysis
Krebs cycle
A metabolic process similar to burning fuel
The sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
An enzyme-assisted anaerobic process that breaks down one six…
Produces electron carriers that temporarily store chemical en…
Cellular respiration
A metabolic process similar to burning fuel
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary- Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
cellular respiration
metabolism (metabolic)
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
that is used on food labels is a kilocalorie, or 1000 calories
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
a term used to describe all chemical reactions involved in ma…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Calorie
that is used on food labels is a kilocalorie, or 1000 calories
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
process that releases energy by breaking don glucose and othe…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxyen
the first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a…
Cellular Respiration
process that releases energy by breaking don glucose and othe…
Aerobic
process that requires oxygen
21 terms
Biology vocabulary cellular respiration
Criteria Acid
Glycolysis
ATP
Cytoplasm
A 6 carbon molecule that is produced first when acetyl- CoA j…
Process of splitting a glucose molecule into 2 pyruvic acid m…
Molecule used by cells to store and transfer energy
Glycolysis tAke place in the ...
Criteria Acid
A 6 carbon molecule that is produced first when acetyl- CoA j…
Glycolysis
Process of splitting a glucose molecule into 2 pyruvic acid m…
15 terms
Cellular Respiration Biology Vocabulary
cellular respiration
glycolysis
krebs cycle
electron transport train
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
a series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
cellular respiration
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
21 terms
Biology Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
This is where glycolysis happens
This is the first stage of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
Glycolysis
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
14 terms
WHS Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
aerobic
anaerobic
cellular respiration
glycolysis
a process that requires oxygen
a process that does not require oxegyn
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
Occurs in the Cytoplasm. Converts glucose to pyruvate. Produc…
aerobic
a process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
a process that does not require oxegyn
21 terms
Biology 2107H: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reaction
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
a catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
32 terms
Honors Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
producers
chloroplasts trap the Sun's energy and release oxygen into th…
make their own food; plants
can't make their own food; obtains food from outside sources
autotrophs
photosynthesis
chloroplasts trap the Sun's energy and release oxygen into th…
autotrophs
make their own food; plants
9 terms
Biology 1 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
measures of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1,000 calories
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
process that requires energy
process that does not require oxygen
calorie
measures of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1,000 calories
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9-Cellular Respiration
anaerobic respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
fermentation
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules…
process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
anaerobic respiration
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
17 terms
Photosynthesis & cellular respiration vocabulary (biology)
ATP
photosynthesis
pigments
chlorophyll
cellular energy
process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to pro…
light absorbing molecules
plants principal pigment, important to photosynthesis. give p…
ATP
cellular energy
photosynthesis
process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to pro…
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
9 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
7 terms
Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
A chemical cycle that completes the metabolic breakdown of gl…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
17 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
23 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration
Acetyl CoA
Aerobic
Alcohol Fermentation
Anaerobic
is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxid…
Requiring air or oxygen for life or survival; A form of cellu…
The process by which yeast turns sugar into carbon dioxide (C…
The process of generating energy by the oxidation of nutrient…
Acetyl CoA
is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxid…
Aerobic
Requiring air or oxygen for life or survival; A form of cellu…
20 terms
Biology- Photosynthesis and cellular respiration vocabulary
Light reactions
Accessory pigment
Chlorophyll a
Photosystem
Reactions that happen in thylakoids of chlororplats and are t…
A colored molecule that absorbs light energy and than passes…
A molecule found in the reaction centers of the photosystems.…
In thylakoid membranes, a cluster of chlorophyll, accessory p…
Light reactions
Reactions that happen in thylakoids of chlororplats and are t…
Accessory pigment
A colored molecule that absorbs light energy and than passes…
39 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
8 terms
biology 1: cellular respiration vocabulary
calorie
aerobic
anaerobic
glycolysis
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
calorie
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
33 terms
biology cellular respiration vocabulary words
cellular respiration
ATP
ADP
anaerobic respiration
the process of releasing energy by breaking down glucose and…
an energy-rich molecule that stores energy by bonding to a th…
the energy-poor molecule that results when the third phosphat…
the pathways of cellular respiration that do not require oxyg…
cellular respiration
the process of releasing energy by breaking down glucose and…
ATP
an energy-rich molecule that stores energy by bonding to a th…
11 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration - Respiration
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
extraction of energy from organic mole…
carbohydrates or lipids and proteins
glucose
what is respiration on the gross level?
what is respiration on the cellular level?
what is the fuel for cellular respiration?
what form must carbohydrates be in order to enter the cell?
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
what is respiration on the gross level?
extraction of energy from organic mole…
what is respiration on the cellular level?
46 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Biochemical pathway
Light reactions
Grana
Process by which light energy is transferred and stored into…
series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reac…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis
the stacks of thylakoids embedded in the stroma of a chloropl…
Photosynthesis
Process by which light energy is transferred and stored into…
Biochemical pathway
series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reac…
31 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary Terms
Glycolysis
One of the many simple sugars that can…
Products of Cell Respiration
Mitochondria is an organelle that can-
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
Glucose
H2O, CO2, and energy to charge up ADP into ATP
Carry out part of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
One of the many simple sugars that can…
Glucose
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
45 terms
SJJ: Biology: Cellular Respiration
Input for cellular respiration
Output from cellular respiration
What is energy?
Why do cells need energy?
Glucose/Food... Oxygen
Water... Carbon Dioxide... Energy (ATP)
The ability to do work
Build new proteins from amino acids... Growth... Repair... Reproduction
Input for cellular respiration
Glucose/Food... Oxygen
Output from cellular respiration
Water... Carbon Dioxide... Energy (ATP)
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
28 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
anaerobic
aerobic
chloroplast
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
process that does not require oxygen
process that requires oxygen
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
16 terms
Cellular Respiration: Biology Vocabulary Test
Catabloic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Reactions break down large molecules into smaller ones. Usual…
Reactions build larger molecules from atoms or smaller molecu…
(Or producers) use photosynthesis to collect and store energy…
(Or consumers) need to consume food to get their energy. They…
Catabloic Reaction
Reactions break down large molecules into smaller ones. Usual…
Anabolic Reaction
Reactions build larger molecules from atoms or smaller molecu…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cellular Respiration/Photosynthesis Vocabulary
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
15 terms
Biology 5B Cellular Respiration
PYRUVIC ACID
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
GLYCOLYSIS
NADH
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
1ST STEP IN CELLULAR RESPIRATION... "SPLITTING GLUCOSE"
ELECTRON CARRIER MOLECULE MADE IN GLYCOLYSIS
PYRUVIC ACID
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
23 terms
Biology 101 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
ATP Generation
Oxidation and Reduction reactions
Redox reactions
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
Electrons ARE chemical energy!... In Oxidation reactions, electr…
For every oxidation there must be a reduction: if something l…
Cellular Respiration
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
ATP Generation
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
16 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration - Advanced Biology
acetyl CoA
aerobic respiration
alcoholic fermentation
anaerobic
two-carbon molecule
process that produces large amounts of ATP
yeast use this process to convert pyruvic acid to ethyl alcoh…
does not require oxygen
acetyl CoA
two-carbon molecule
aerobic respiration
process that produces large amounts of ATP
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