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Study sets matching "vocabulary cellular respiration biology photosynthesis enzymes"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary cellular respiration biology photosynthesis enzymes"

33 terms
Enzymes, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration
enzyme
substrate
active site
product
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
The specific molecule acted upon by a specific enzyme.
The part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
substrate
The specific molecule acted upon by a specific enzyme.
13 terms
Enzymes/Photosynthesis/Cellular Respiration
enzymes
substrate
role of enzymes
factors that affect enzymes
a group of proteins that act as catalysts to speed up the rat…
a specific shape to compound enzymes work on
enzymes can either play a role in hydrolysis (a larger substr…
pH, temperature, and substrate/enzyme concentration changes
enzymes
a group of proteins that act as catalysts to speed up the rat…
substrate
a specific shape to compound enzymes work on
16 terms
Enzyme/ Cellular Respiration/ Photosynthesis Vocabulary
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Substrate
A special protein that speeds up a reaction in the body
A word that means something that sparks a reaction
The energy that is needed to start a reaction
The molecule than an enzyme bonds with
Enzyme
A special protein that speeds up a reaction in the body
Catalyst
A word that means something that sparks a reaction
35 terms
Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis, and Enzymes
Cellular Respiration
Adenosine Triphosphate
ATP Formation
ATP's role
the release of energy in organic compounds in a series of che…
the energy released during respiration is temporarily stored…
ATP is made when ADP (diphosphate) is bonded with a third pho…
ATP stores energy in the third bond of the molecule and the e…
Cellular Respiration
the release of energy in organic compounds in a series of che…
Adenosine Triphosphate
the energy released during respiration is temporarily stored…
29 terms
Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis, Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
substrates
a chemical reaction is the process by which atoms or groups o…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
special proteins that are biological catalysts that speed up…
reactants an enzyme acts upon
chemical reaction
a chemical reaction is the process by which atoms or groups o…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
27 terms
Biology Chapter Test (enzymes,photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration)
During cellular respiration
The release of energy from energy stor…
C6H12O2-> 6O2-> 6H2O+6CO2+ATP
Mitochondria
When is ATP made in the body?
What's the definition for respiration?
What's the cellular respiration formula?
Where does cellular respiration take place?
During cellular respiration
When is ATP made in the body?
The release of energy from energy stor…
What's the definition for respiration?
52 terms
cellular respiration, photosynthesis, enzymes
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
exergonic reaction
endergonic reaction
energy is neither created nor destroyed, it can only change f…
entropy always increases
a reaction that releases energy into a system
a reaction that absorbs energy from a system
1st law of thermodynamics
energy is neither created nor destroyed, it can only change f…
2nd law of thermodynamics
entropy always increases
62 terms
Enzymes, Photosynthesis, & Cellular Respiration
Why does the rate of enzyme action dec…
Enzymes influence the chemical reactio…
The group of organic compounds includi…
The "lock and key" method attempts to…
The increased heat alters the active site of the enzyme
Affecting the rate at which reactions occur
Proteins
Enzyme specificity
Why does the rate of enzyme action dec…
The increased heat alters the active site of the enzyme
Enzymes influence the chemical reactio…
Affecting the rate at which reactions occur
16 terms
Photosynthesis/Cellular Respiration/Enzymes
photosynthesis occurs in...
cellular respiration occurs in...
photosynthesis equation
cellular respiration equation
autotrophs (plants)
heterotrophs (animals)
6CO2+6H2O+light->C6H12O6+6O2
C6H12O6+6O2-> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP
photosynthesis occurs in...
autotrophs (plants)
cellular respiration occurs in...
heterotrophs (animals)
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, Enzymes
Enzymes
Active Site
Substrate
Photosynthesis
Typically, specific proteins that act as catalysts to increas…
That part of an enzyme molecule that binds with a substrate.
Compound on which enzyme acts.
Process by which plants trap the radiant energy of sunlight t…
Enzymes
Typically, specific proteins that act as catalysts to increas…
Active Site
That part of an enzyme molecule that binds with a substrate.
17 terms
Photosynthesis, Enzymes, and Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Glycolysis
A complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down or…
Most of tbe ATP produced in cellular respiration results from…
Because they operate in the absense of oxygen, the fermentati…
Is a pathway in which one six-carbon molecule of glucose is o…
Cellular respiration
A complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down or…
Aerobic respiration
Most of tbe ATP produced in cellular respiration results from…
83 terms
Enzymes, photosynthesis and cellular respiration
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
Consumes energy to build complicated molecules from simpler o…
Metabolism
Totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
21 terms
enzymes, photosynthesis, and cellular respiration
enzymes
ATP
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
biological catalysts
is the cells energy shuttle
breakdown pathways
consume energy to build up from monomers
enzymes
biological catalysts
ATP
is the cells energy shuttle
27 terms
Enzymes, Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis
enzyme-substrate specificity
Immobilized enzyme
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
enzymes only catalyse one biochemical reaction
this is the attachment of enzymes to another material or into…
gives a small yield of ATP from glucose without using oxygen.
Aerobic cell respiration requires oxygen and gives a large yi…
enzyme-substrate specificity
enzymes only catalyse one biochemical reaction
Immobilized enzyme
this is the attachment of enzymes to another material or into…
48 terms
Enzymes, Photosynthesis, and cellular respiration
speed up chemical reactions
proteins made by ribosomes with amino…
digestion, breaking things down
substrates
function of enzymes
what are enzymes ?
enzyme side functions
things enzymes join onto, work with
speed up chemical reactions
function of enzymes
proteins made by ribosomes with amino…
what are enzymes ?
44 terms
Enzymes / Cellular Respiration / Photosynthesis
Cofactors
Coenzyme
Examples of coenzymes
Competitive Inhibitors
Nonprotein enzyme helpers
Organic cofactor
Vitamin B
Binds to the active site of an enzyme, competing with the sub…
Cofactors
Nonprotein enzyme helpers
Coenzyme
Organic cofactor
17 terms
Photosynthesis, enzymes & cellular respiration
Cellular respiration
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food molecul…
Aerobic respiration is the process of producing cellular ener…
Anaerobic respiration is a form of respiration using electron…
Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose int…
Cellular respiration
Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food molecul…
Aerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration is the process of producing cellular ener…
18 terms
Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, Enzymes
enzyme
denatured
end in -ase
lock and key
catalyst for biological reactions
no longer able to function
enzymes
shape of an enzyme
enzyme
catalyst for biological reactions
denatured
no longer able to function
44 terms
Enzymes, Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis
Enzymes
Substrate
Active Site
Active Energy
Proteins that speed up specific chemical reactions
Specific shapes that fit the shape of a chemical reaction in…
Specialized region on enzyme where a molecule bonds
and initial investment of energy, provides a barrier to all c…
Enzymes
Proteins that speed up specific chemical reactions
Substrate
Specific shapes that fit the shape of a chemical reaction in…
19 terms
photosynthesis, cellular respiration, enzymes
Calvin Cycle
autotrophs
ATP and NADPH
stoma
Step in photosynthesis that converts CO2 into glucose
Organisms that produce their own food
Products of light reactions used in the calvin cycle
regulates gas and water transport through the leaf
Calvin Cycle
Step in photosynthesis that converts CO2 into glucose
autotrophs
Organisms that produce their own food
15 terms
Enzymes photosynthesis and cellular respiration
Using ATP ro make a reaction happen th…
Specific active site only allows speci…
Inhibitor bonds to active site and blo…
Not active site, another place on enzy…
Energy coupling
Structure vs function in enzyme
Competative inhibition
Alosteric site
Using ATP ro make a reaction happen th…
Energy coupling
Specific active site only allows speci…
Structure vs function in enzyme
10 terms
Photosynthesis, Enzymes, and Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
When cells make ATP by breaking down organic compounds
One pathway for products of glycolysis when oxygen is present
One pathway for products of glycolysis When oxygen is absent
Biochemical pathway where cellular respiration begins, yields…
Cellular Respiration
When cells make ATP by breaking down organic compounds
Aerobic Respiration
One pathway for products of glycolysis when oxygen is present
22 terms
photosynthesis, cellular respiration, and enzymes.
What are the two raw materials (reacta…
Within a plant cell, the glucose forme…
Most animals make energy available for…
What is the organelle of photosynthesis?
carbon dioxide, water
an energy source during cellular respiration
both aerobic and anaerobic respiration
the chloroplast
What are the two raw materials (reacta…
carbon dioxide, water
Within a plant cell, the glucose forme…
an energy source during cellular respiration
40 terms
Enzymes/Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Substrate/Reactant
Product Definition
Active Site
Catalyst
"inputs " for a reaction, before the arrow
"outputs... " for a reaction, after the arrow
where the eneyzmes and substrate fit togeter (lock & key)
speeds up chemical reactions (enzymes do this)
Substrate/Reactant
"inputs " for a reaction, before the arrow
Product Definition
"outputs... " for a reaction, after the arrow
58 terms
Biology AP: Chapter 9 ( Enzymes, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration )
Entropy
Enthalpy
In the Mesophyll Cell
Mesophyll Cell
A measure of disorder or randomness.
The heat content of a system at constant pressure.
Where does photosynthesis take place?
A type of cell, found near the surfaces of plant leaves, that…
Entropy
A measure of disorder or randomness.
Enthalpy
The heat content of a system at constant pressure.
68 terms
Enzymes, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration
What are the 2 processes of life?
What are catalysts?
Each enzyme needs to be the __________…
Sucrase:... Proteases:... Lipases:... DNA Polym…
Synthesis- Building... Digestion- Breaking Down
Enzymes that speed up reactions
Right shape
Sucrose... Proteins... Lipids... DNA
What are the 2 processes of life?
Synthesis- Building... Digestion- Breaking Down
What are catalysts?
Enzymes that speed up reactions
28 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
anaerobic
aerobic
chloroplast
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
process that does not require oxygen
process that requires oxygen
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
39 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
mitochondria
glucose
bonds of glucose are broken apart in c…
making ATP or given off as heat
Where does cellular respiration occur?
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
How does the cell get energy?
What is energy released from glucose used for?
mitochondria
Where does cellular respiration occur?
glucose
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
24 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Eukaryotic Cell
Chloroplast
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
A cell that contains a nucleus to hold DNA. Plant and animal…
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis ta…
Autotroph
An organism that can make its own food.
Heterotroph
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
20 terms
Biology- Photosynthesis and cellular respiration vocabulary
Light reactions
Accessory pigment
Chlorophyll a
Photosystem
Reactions that happen in thylakoids of chlororplats and are t…
A colored molecule that absorbs light energy and than passes…
A molecule found in the reaction centers of the photosystems.…
In thylakoid membranes, a cluster of chlorophyll, accessory p…
Light reactions
Reactions that happen in thylakoids of chlororplats and are t…
Accessory pigment
A colored molecule that absorbs light energy and than passes…
31 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
How much NET ATP is created during gly…
Define anaerobic and aerobic?
Cytoplasm
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
2
Aerobic requires oxygen to occur.... Anaerobic occurs without an…
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
Cytoplasm
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
30 terms
Energy and Enzymes: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis Equation
Photosynthesis Overall Function
Light Dependent Reactions
Light Dependent Reactions: Requirement
6CO2+6H2O--(light)--C6H12O6 +6O2
Produces energy and glucose for the plant from light energy
Light energy to chemical energy
Water, light, NADP+, ADP, P
Photosynthesis Equation
6CO2+6H2O--(light)--C6H12O6 +6O2
Photosynthesis Overall Function
Produces energy and glucose for the plant from light energy
46 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Biochemical pathway
Light reactions
Grana
Process by which light energy is transferred and stored into…
series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reac…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis
the stacks of thylakoids embedded in the stroma of a chloropl…
Photosynthesis
Process by which light energy is transferred and stored into…
Biochemical pathway
series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reac…
23 terms
Biology 1010 Lab Exam Part five - Enzymes and Cellular respiration and Photosynthesis
One example of chemical reactions that…
Metabolism
Enzymes are reaction specific
What kind of protienes are enzymes?
Fermentation
the sum of all chemical reactions in the body.
True
Catalytic. They speed up processes.
One example of chemical reactions that…
Fermentation
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions in the body.
Biology, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
What is the purpose of ATP?
What makes ATP?
T/F Heterotrophs make their own food.
T/F Autotrophs make their own food.
Fuel for cell
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
False
True
What is the purpose of ATP?
Fuel for cell
What makes ATP?
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
31 terms
Biology - Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Parts of Photosynthesis (2):
use the process of photosynthesis to create their own food
must consume carbohydrates for their food
A series of chemical reactions used by autotrophs to make car…
1) Light-dependent reactions... 2) Light independent reactions
Autotroph
use the process of photosynthesis to create their own food
Heterotroph
must consume carbohydrates for their food
29 terms
Biology Unit 3 (Enzymes, Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, Plants)
What are Enzymes?
What major macromolecule category are…
How do enzymes affect activation energy?
What are two things that can cause enz…
Catalysts that help to speed up chemical reactions
Proteins
They increase it to speed up processes
pH and temperature
What are Enzymes?
Catalysts that help to speed up chemical reactions
What major macromolecule category are…
Proteins
54 terms
Biology - Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
photosynthesis takes place here
formula for photosynthesis
purpose of light reaction
reactants for light reaction
Chloroplasts
6CO2+ 6H2O → C₆H₁₂O₆+ 6O₂ ... (first part is backwards)
oxygen
H20, light, ADP, NADP+
photosynthesis takes place here
Chloroplasts
formula for photosynthesis
6CO2+ 6H2O → C₆H₁₂O₆+ 6O₂ ... (first part is backwards)
22 terms
Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate ATP
photosynthesis
self- nourishment
gets nourishment by eating other living organisms
high-energy molecule
using sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to make glucose
Autotroph
self- nourishment
heterotroph
gets nourishment by eating other living organisms
16 terms
Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Alcohol fermentation
photosynthesis
reactions of photosynthesis
cellular respiration
process done by yeast cells; makes CO2 and alcohol
process using CO2 and H2O, makes O2 and glucose
light-dependent reactions and Calvin Cycle
process using O2 and glucose, releases CO2 and H2O
Alcohol fermentation
process done by yeast cells; makes CO2 and alcohol
photosynthesis
process using CO2 and H2O, makes O2 and glucose
16 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Equation
Cellular Respiration Equation
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
Photosynthesis Equation
Cellular Respiration Equation
25 terms
Photosynthesis, cellular respiration, and enzymes quiz
Glucose
Starch, fiber, cellulose
Lactose, sucrose
Amino acids
What do carbohydrates break down into
Examples of complex carbs
Examples of simple carbs
What do proteins break down into
Glucose
What do carbohydrates break down into
Starch, fiber, cellulose
Examples of complex carbs
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cellular Respiration/Photosynthesis Vocabulary
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
17 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
organisms that produce their own food source
organisms must find and consume energy
3 phosphorus groups that create energy
carbon dioxide, water, and light energy go into plants to pro…
Autotroph
organisms that produce their own food source
Heterotroph
organisms must find and consume energy
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration / Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs vs Heterotrophs
Photosynthesis Chemical Equation
Steps of Photosynthesis
The process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture li…
Autotrophs are self feeders and make their own food using ene…
1. Light is absorbed by chlorophyll in the thylakoid membrane…
Photosynthesis
The process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture li…
Autotrophs vs Heterotrophs
Autotrophs are self feeders and make their own food using ene…
24 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
Where does photosynthesis take place
photosynthesis
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
inside chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
chloroplasts
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
21 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis ta…
An organelle inside an animal AND plant cell where cellular r…
Autotroph
An organism that can make its own food.
Heterotroph
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
22 terms
Biology- Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
...
...
...
...
autotroph
...
heterotroph
...
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