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Study sets matching "vocabulary cellular respiration cells biology"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary cellular respiration cells biology"

32 terms
Cell Biology: Cellular Respiration
Define: Cellular Respiration
Overall Reaction: Cellular Respiration
Why doesn't the oxidation of glucose o…
Four: Stages of Cellular Respiration (…
...
...
Too much energy. Extremely exergonic.
- Glycolysis (Glucose → Pyruvate)... - Pyruvate Oxidation (Pyruv…
Define: Cellular Respiration
...
Overall Reaction: Cellular Respiration
...
12 terms
Cell Biology: photosynthesis and cellular respiration
Organelle
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
ATP
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
An organelle found in both plants and animals in which cellul…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that plant and an…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Energy (Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration) Vocabulary
photosynthesis
light-dependent reactions
dark/light-independent reactions
chloroplast
Light energy + CO2 + H2O → sugars + O2... series of chemical re…
conversion of light energy captured by chlorophyll into chemi…
set of enzymes uses energy supplied by ATP and NADPH produced…
organelle surrounded by a double membrane; contains own genet…
photosynthesis
Light energy + CO2 + H2O → sugars + O2... series of chemical re…
light-dependent reactions
conversion of light energy captured by chlorophyll into chemi…
24 terms
Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration: Cell Biology
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Photosynthesis
Electron (Energy) Carriers
Plants, self-producers (self energy)
Animals, consumers (different energy)
6 Water (6H2O) + 6 Carbon Dioxide (6CO2) + Light = 6 Oxygen (…
NADP+, take hydrogen electrons from water and turns into NADP…
Autotrophs
Plants, self-producers (self energy)
Heterotrophs
Animals, consumers (different energy)
15 terms
Cell Biology; Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cholorophyll
Process by which energy from sun is turned into food
Organism that can make its own food using sunlight
Organisms that cannot make its own food - eats other organisms
Pigment in green plants that absorbs sunlight
Photosynthesis
Process by which energy from sun is turned into food
Autotroph
Organism that can make its own food using sunlight
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
11 terms
2.4 Cell Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Opposite of photosynthesis
Glucose and oxygen
Carbon dioxide, water, and energy
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Relationship between cellular respiration and photosynthesis
Reactants of cellular respiration
Products of cellular respiration
Cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Opposite of photosynthesis
Relationship between cellular respiration and photosynthesis
14 terms
WHS Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
aerobic
anaerobic
cellular respiration
glycolysis
a process that requires oxygen
a process that does not require oxegyn
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
the first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a…
aerobic
a process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
a process that does not require oxegyn
26 terms
Biology - Cells Continued - Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Folded membrane
Glucose
ATP
Makes ATP ... On a folded membrane ... Inside of the mitochondria
Increases the surface area
Raw ingredient for making ATP
Adenosinetriphosphate
Cellular respiration
Makes ATP ... On a folded membrane ... Inside of the mitochondria
Folded membrane
Increases the surface area
14 terms
Cell Biology-Cellular Respiration GLYCOLYSIS
What is glycolysis and where does it o…
What are the substances that enter gly…
What is the function of hexokinase?
What is cellular metabolism?
A part of cellular respiration that is the first phase of car…
Carbs (glucose) undergo glycolysis, and the products of the p…
Catalyzes the phosphorylation of glucose by adding a phosphat…
The sum of all chemical reactions in the cell.
What is glycolysis and where does it o…
A part of cellular respiration that is the first phase of car…
What are the substances that enter gly…
Carbs (glucose) undergo glycolysis, and the products of the p…
56 terms
Biology Cell Cycle and Cellular Respiration
adult stem cell
anaphase
asexual reproduction
binary fission
aka the somatic stem cell- a cell that retains the capacity f…
The stage of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and mov…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
adult stem cell
aka the somatic stem cell- a cell that retains the capacity f…
anaphase
The stage of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and mov…
9 terms
Biology vocabulary cellular respiration
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
12 terms
Biology: Ch 4 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration
ATP
ADP
Electron transport chain
ATP synthase
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
A series of proteins which function to transport a high energ…
An enzyme embedded in the inner membrane which uses the elect…
ATP
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
ADP
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
15 terms
Cellular Respiration Biology Vocabulary
cellular respiration
glycolysis
krebs cycle
electron transport train
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
a series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
cellular respiration
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
11 terms
Biology: Cells, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
1) Every living thing is made of 1+ cells... 2) All cells arise…
Lack a defined nucleus
Found in plant cells, but not animal cells
The powerhouse of the cell
Cell Theory
1) Every living thing is made of 1+ cells... 2) All cells arise…
Prokaryotes
Lack a defined nucleus
15 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration- Cell Cycle
where cell respiration occurs
2 functions of the cell membrane
3 major parts of the cell
movement of gas and nutrients from hig…
mitochondria
protects cell, lets materials in and out of the cell
cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
diffusion
where cell respiration occurs
mitochondria
2 functions of the cell membrane
protects cell, lets materials in and out of the cell
Cell biology; photosynthesis and cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chlorophyll
Process by which energy from sun is turned into sunlight
Organism that can make its own food using sunlight
Organisms that cannot make its own food- eats other organisms
Pigment in green plants that absorbs sunlight
Photosynthesis
Process by which energy from sun is turned into sunlight
Autotroph
Organism that can make its own food using sunlight
16 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
Chemiosmosis
Cellular Respiration
Chemical Grooming
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules, the sto…
Turns pyruvate into acetyl coA, occurs in the cytoplasm, also…
Acetyl CoA
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
Chemiosmosis
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
21 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
2
6CO2+C6H12O6
6CO2+CH2O+energy
36
Total gain of ATP from glycolysis.
Reactants in the equation for cellular respiration.
Products in the equation for cellular respiration.
Number of ATP molecules produced during cellular respiration.
2
Total gain of ATP from glycolysis.
6CO2+C6H12O6
Reactants in the equation for cellular respiration.
24 terms
Biology: The cell and DNA Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 -> 6 CO2 +6H2) + Energy…
What releases energy stored in organic…
What is released stored energy used for?
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic respiration, but is often…
Cellular Respiration
Transfers electrons during chemical reactions
To synthesize ATp
Cellular Respiration
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic respiration, but is often…
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 -> 6 CO2 +6H2) + Energy…
Cellular Respiration
21 terms
Biology Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
This is where glycolysis happens
This is the first stage of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
Glycolysis
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
29 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
alcohol fermentation
Chemiosmosis
Cellular Respiration
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
the conversion of the acid produced by glycolysis to carbon d…
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules, the sto…
Acetyl CoA
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
alcohol fermentation
the conversion of the acid produced by glycolysis to carbon d…
24 terms
Cellular Respiration- biology vocabulary
Cellular respiration
Anabolic pathway
Catabolic
Oxidation
Food molecules are broken down to produce ATP
Use energy from catabolic pathways to build larger molecules…
Release energy by breaking down larger molecules into smaller…
Loss of electrons
Cellular respiration
Food molecules are broken down to produce ATP
Anabolic pathway
Use energy from catabolic pathways to build larger molecules…
22 terms
Biology cellular respiration vocabulary
Cellular respiration
Metabolism
Glycolysis
Krebs cycle
A metabolic process similar to burning fuel
The sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
An enzyme-assisted anaerobic process that breaks down one six…
Produces electron carriers that temporarily store chemical en…
Cellular respiration
A metabolic process similar to burning fuel
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
24 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
Chemiosmosis
Cellular Respiration
Chemical Grooming
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules, the sto…
Turns pyruvate into acetyl coA, occurs in the cytoplasm, also…
Acetyl CoA
The two carbon entry compound in the kreb cycle, formed from…
Chemiosmosis
The production of ATP using the energy of H+ gradients across…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary- Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
cellular respiration
metabolism (metabolic)
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
that is used on food labels is a kilocalorie, or 1000 calories
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
a term used to describe all chemical reactions involved in ma…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Calorie
that is used on food labels is a kilocalorie, or 1000 calories
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
process that releases energy by breaking don glucose and othe…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxyen
the first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a…
Cellular Respiration
process that releases energy by breaking don glucose and othe…
Aerobic
process that requires oxygen
21 terms
Biology vocabulary cellular respiration
Criteria Acid
Glycolysis
ATP
Cytoplasm
A 6 carbon molecule that is produced first when acetyl- CoA j…
Process of splitting a glucose molecule into 2 pyruvic acid m…
Molecule used by cells to store and transfer energy
Glycolysis tAke place in the ...
Criteria Acid
A 6 carbon molecule that is produced first when acetyl- CoA j…
Glycolysis
Process of splitting a glucose molecule into 2 pyruvic acid m…
15 terms
Cellular Respiration Biology Vocabulary
cellular respiration
glycolysis
krebs cycle
electron transport train
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
a series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
cellular respiration
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
39 terms
Biology_Cell Transport to Cellular Respiration
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Movement of molecules across the membrane that requires NO en…
Movement of molecules from low concentration to high concentr…
A type of passive transport where the molecules move from hig…
A type of passive transport which is diffusion of water acros…
Passive Transport
Movement of molecules across the membrane that requires NO en…
Active Transport
Movement of molecules from low concentration to high concentr…
70 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation, Cell Respiration, Cell Respiration
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
balanced overall chemical summary in symobls of the process o…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
balanced overall chemical summary in symobls of the process o…
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
30 terms
Honors Biology - Cell Energy Vocabulary Part 1: Cellular Respiration
Cells transfer energy by shuttling ___…
Energy released in the electron transp…
ATP is made by adding ________________…
Oxidative _________________ involves a…
Electrons
Hydrogen
ADP
Phosphorylation
Cells transfer energy by shuttling ___…
Electrons
Energy released in the electron transp…
Hydrogen
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
14 terms
Cellular Energy: Photosynthesis & Cell Respiration
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate
Organisms or cells capable of generating their own food sourc…
Organisms or cells that require an external food source to be…
Adenosine Triphosphate
Molecule called the "energy currency" of the cell; contains L…
Autotroph
Organisms or cells capable of generating their own food sourc…
Heterotroph
Organisms or cells that require an external food source to be…
58 terms
Cell Biology- Chapter 8: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
O2, CO2
aerobic
CO2 and H2O
a cellular process that breaks down nutrient molecules produc…
Cellular respiration consumes ___ and produces ___
Cellular respiration is usually an _______ process
Cellular respiration usually involves the complete breakdown…
cellular respiration
a cellular process that breaks down nutrient molecules produc…
O2, CO2
Cellular respiration consumes ___ and produces ___
14 terms
WHS Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
aerobic
anaerobic
cellular respiration
glycolysis
a process that requires oxygen
a process that does not require oxegyn
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
Occurs in the Cytoplasm. Converts glucose to pyruvate. Produc…
aerobic
a process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
a process that does not require oxegyn
biology cells and cellular respiration (november 3rd 2016)
passive transport
active transport
cell theory
nucleus
diffusion across a membrane
when a cell expends energy to move molecules or ions across a…
the generalization that all living things are composed of cel…
houses the cell's genetic material in the form of DNA
passive transport
diffusion across a membrane
active transport
when a cell expends energy to move molecules or ions across a…
13 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
43 terms
DAT biology Cells II and Cellular Respiration III
provide passageway through membrane fo…
such as major-histocompatibility compl…
passage of ions across membrane. Calle…
Voltage-gated (respond to difference i…
Channel proteins
Recognition proteins
Ion channels
Types of Ion channels
provide passageway through membrane fo…
Channel proteins
such as major-histocompatibility compl…
Recognition proteins
11 terms
Biology Breaux Anarobic Cellular Respiration in Cells
Glycolysis location.....
Glycolysis Input....
Glycolysis output....
Glycolysis ATP....
cytosol or cytoplasm
glucose... NAD+... 2 ATP
pyruvate... NADH... 4 ATP
2
Glycolysis location.....
cytosol or cytoplasm
Glycolysis Input....
glucose... NAD+... 2 ATP
40 terms
IB Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Acetyl Group (CoA)
(Adenosine Diphosphate) ADP + P
(Adenosine Triphosphate) ATP
Aerobic
-Coenzyme A-... -Produced by the oxidation of pyruvate
Used in cellular respiration in substrate level phosphorylati…
A product of cellular respiration. ... (1 glucose = 32 ATP)
Requiring oxygen
Acetyl Group (CoA)
-Coenzyme A-... -Produced by the oxidation of pyruvate
(Adenosine Diphosphate) ADP + P
Used in cellular respiration in substrate level phosphorylati…
21 terms
Biology 2107H: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reaction
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
a catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
52 terms
Chapter 9 (Cell Cycle and Cellular Respiration); Biology
The process by which a cancer travels…
The animal specific structures that as…
Functions of Mitosis
If a growth is _____ to _____, it mean…
Metastasis
Centiroles
Repair and Growth
Benign, Malignant
The process by which a cancer travels…
Metastasis
The animal specific structures that as…
Centiroles
10 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration - Stages of Cell. Resp.
Embden-Mayernoff Pathway
cytoplasm
anaerobic
oxygen
what is glycolysis also known as?
where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
glycolysis is an ___________ process, which means it doesn't…
when it's anaerobic, it doesn't require ______________
Embden-Mayernoff Pathway
what is glycolysis also known as?
cytoplasm
where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
32 terms
Honors Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
producers
chloroplasts trap the Sun's energy and release oxygen into th…
make their own food; plants
can't make their own food; obtains food from outside sources
autotrophs
photosynthesis
chloroplasts trap the Sun's energy and release oxygen into th…
autotrophs
make their own food; plants
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9-Cellular Respiration
anaerobic respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
fermentation
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules…
process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
anaerobic respiration
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
25 terms
cell respiration vocabulary/photosynthesis/cellular respiration
autotroph
ATP
pigment
Chlorophyll
An organism that makes its own food
Adenosine Triphosphate
A colored chemical compound that absorbs light, producing col…
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate
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