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Study sets matching "vocabulary chapter 2 computer science"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary chapter 2 computer science"

42 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
CPU
Transistors
RAM
ROM
-Central processing unit... -made of millions of semi conductor…
combined to form logical devices called gates
-Random access memory ... -Primary storage... -"random-access" mean…
-Read only memory... -holds initialization and hardware diagnost…
CPU
-Central processing unit... -made of millions of semi conductor…
Transistors
combined to form logical devices called gates
91 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
programmer
antispam software
trojan horse
worm
a person who writes computer software programs also called so…
a program that blocks spam, or electronic junk mail, from an…
a type of malware disguised as a useful program or app
a self-replicating program that consumes system resources
programmer
a person who writes computer software programs also called so…
antispam software
a program that blocks spam, or electronic junk mail, from an…
14 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2 Review
=
Object
Method
Class
In the Java programming language, it means an action to repla…
Is an entity that you can manipulate in your program
Is a sequence of instructions that accesses to the data of an…
Defines the methods that you can apply to its objects.
=
In the Java programming language, it means an action to repla…
Object
Is an entity that you can manipulate in your program
33 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2 Terms
object reference
object
state
behavior
A variable that represents an object.
Something that is created or manipulated by the program.
The description of an object.
The different functions of an object.
object reference
A variable that represents an object.
object
Something that is created or manipulated by the program.
Computer Science Chapter 2 vocab
Type
Integers
Floating- Point
Double
tells you what operations you can carry out with values.
whole numbers... has no fractional part... can be negative... zero is…
describes the representation of the number in the computer as…
A number with a fractional part... A integer with a fractional p…
Type
tells you what operations you can carry out with values.
Integers
whole numbers... has no fractional part... can be negative... zero is…
71 terms
Computer Science: Chapter 2 - Vocabulary
Internet
Online
Web
Web 1.0
a large physical network that connects together smaller netwo…
Being connected to the Internet.
A multimedia interface to the resources available on the inte…
The first generation of the web that focused on linking exist…
Internet
a large physical network that connects together smaller netwo…
Online
Being connected to the Internet.
91 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
programmer
antispam software
trojan horse
worm
a person who writes computer software programs also called so…
a program that blocks spam, or electronic junk mail, from an…
a type of malware disguised as a useful program or app
a self-replicating program that consumes system resources
programmer
a person who writes computer software programs also called so…
antispam software
a program that blocks spam, or electronic junk mail, from an…
64 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Application
Assignment Statement
Body
Class
A program which makes the computer a useful tool
Uses the equal sign to give the object property on the left o…
The statements in a procedure
A data type that can store data and includes methods
Application
A program which makes the computer a useful tool
Assignment Statement
Uses the equal sign to give the object property on the left o…
23 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
loop
for loop
range
recall
used to repeat a command or a set of commands
used when we want to repeat a set of commands a certain numbe…
tells us the number of times the loop runs
variable, loop
loop
used to repeat a command or a set of commands
for loop
used when we want to repeat a set of commands a certain numbe…
57 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2
Primitive data
Data type
Object's attributes
Behavior
Common values such as numbers and characters; The different k…
A set of values and operations - what we can do with those op…
Values it stores internally, representing it's state; These v…
Defined by the methods of an object
Primitive data
Common values such as numbers and characters; The different k…
Data type
A set of values and operations - what we can do with those op…
70 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
Bit
Byte
Kilobyte
Megabytes
the smallest unit of data a computer can recognize; represent…
A group of 8 bits
1 thousand bytes
1 million bytes
Bit
the smallest unit of data a computer can recognize; represent…
Byte
A group of 8 bits
29 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
bit
kilobits (kb)
megabits (mb)
gigabits (gb)
short for binary digit; a single circuit that either contains…
1,000 bits (thousand)
1,000,000 bits (million)
1,000,000,000 bits (billion)
bit
short for binary digit; a single circuit that either contains…
kilobits (kb)
1,000 bits (thousand)
6 terms
AP Computer Science Principles Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Computer
Java
Program
Programming Language
a device that can perform actions on input (which is also cal…
a programming language. It is used in the AP Computer Science…
set of instructions that a computer can understand to accompl…
used to tell a computer what to do. Some examples are Python…
Computer
a device that can perform actions on input (which is also cal…
Java
a programming language. It is used in the AP Computer Science…
15 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Applet
Assignment operator
Byte code
DOS (development environment)
Small programs already translated into code that are built in…
=... Assigns the value on the right to the operand on the left
Object oriented programming code compiled to run on a virtual…
Set of processes and programming tools used to create the pro…
Applet
Small programs already translated into code that are built in…
Assignment operator
=... Assigns the value on the right to the operand on the left
28 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
Receive input
Process information
Produce output
Store information
Accept information from outside world
Perform arithmetic or logical operations on information
Communicate information to outside world
Store and retrieve information from memory and storage devices
Receive input
Accept information from outside world
Process information
Perform arithmetic or logical operations on information
18 terms
Computer science chapter 2
A business process/system
Business Process Components: ... Activities
Business Process Components: ... Facilities
Business Process Components: Information
Business processes generate information and brings together i…
Transforms resources and information of one type into resourc…
Structure used within the business process
Activities use this to determine how to transform inputs, als…
A business process/system
Business processes generate information and brings together i…
Business Process Components: ... Activities
Transforms resources and information of one type into resourc…
AP Computer Science Principles Chapter 2
Protocol
Bandwith
ASCII (American Standard Code for Info…
IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
a set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data…
transmission capacity measure by bit rate
the universally recognized raw text format that any computer…
develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards and protoc…
Protocol
a set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data…
Bandwith
transmission capacity measure by bit rate
33 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2
double
int
boolean
string literal
Floating point data type, stored using 64 bits.
Integer data type, stored using 32 bits.
Used to represent two values, true and false. Can't be change…
The character string that appears inside double quotation mar…
double
Floating point data type, stored using 64 bits.
int
Integer data type, stored using 32 bits.
22 terms
computer science chapter 2
The ________________________ property…
A PictureBox control's _______________…
A PictureBox control's _______________…
When set to ________________________,…
textalign
image
sizemode
bottomright
The ________________________ property…
textalign
A PictureBox control's _______________…
image
15 terms
Computer Science: Blown to Bits Chapter 2 Vocabulary
ad hoc
database
data aggregation
data network
when used to describe programming, it means a quick fix for a…
a collection of information organized in such a way that a co…
process in which information is gathered and expressed in a s…
a telecommunications network which allows computers to exchan…
ad hoc
when used to describe programming, it means a quick fix for a…
database
a collection of information organized in such a way that a co…
28 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
Document Type Definition ... (DTD)
Element
Tags
Attributes
identifies the type of markup language used on a web page doc…
a tag combined with some sort of text or media
a tool that web developers use in the language to differentia…
added to a tag to give the element a special feature
Document Type Definition ... (DTD)
identifies the type of markup language used on a web page doc…
Element
a tag combined with some sort of text or media
36 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
Object
Variable
Variable's Name
Assignment Statement
Something to represent a value (x=4) the object represents 4…
Used to remember a value for later use
What a programmer decides to call the variable... (Like the num…
num_apples = 8 assigns the name on the left side to reference…
Object
Something to represent a value (x=4) the object represents 4…
Variable
Used to remember a value for later use
33 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2 Terms
A variable that represents an object.
Something that is created or manipulat…
The description of an object.
The different functions of an object.
object reference
object
state
behavior
A variable that represents an object.
object reference
Something that is created or manipulat…
object
39 terms
Chapter 2: Methods and Parameters (AP Computer Science)
returntype
void
garbage collection
assignment operator
a datatype or class that is given from a method, there is alw…
empty returntype with null value
automated process that removes unused variables to free up me…
sets an object, variable, etc. to a value, the equals symbol
returntype
a datatype or class that is given from a method, there is alw…
void
empty returntype with null value
57 terms
Computer Science (Chapter 2)
Address
Advanced Research Project Agency Netwo…
Attachment
Blog
Located in the header of an e-mail message; the e-mail addres…
A national computer network from which the Internet developed.
A file, such as document or worksheet, that is attached to an…
A type of personal website where articles are regularly posted
Address
Located in the header of an e-mail message; the e-mail addres…
Advanced Research Project Agency Netwo…
A national computer network from which the Internet developed.
24 terms
Chapter 2-Computer Science
Preprocessor Directive
Header file
Namespaces
Function
#include ... Sets up source code
<iostream> must included at head or top of program
Organizes the names of program entities;
Int main() marks beginning. One or more programming statement…
Preprocessor Directive
#include ... Sets up source code
Header file
<iostream> must included at head or top of program
30 terms
Computer science Alice Chapter 2
Algorithm
Argumnet
asSeenBy Argument
Bug
Step-by-step procedure or list of actions to perform a task o…
Information sent to method.
Make a object move around another one.
Errors in computer programs, program doesn't do what is inten…
Algorithm
Step-by-step procedure or list of actions to perform a task o…
Argumnet
Information sent to method.
87 terms
computer science chapter 2
all-in-one computer
all in one printer
application software
aspect ratio
...a desktop system unit that houses the computer's processor…
...combines the functions of a printer, scanner, copier, and…
the set of programs on a computer that helps a user carry out…
the width to height proportion of a monitor
all-in-one computer
...a desktop system unit that houses the computer's processor…
all in one printer
...combines the functions of a printer, scanner, copier, and…
53 terms
computer science chapter 2
hardware
hardware contains
software
cpu (central processing unit)
physical parts of a computer
cpu, memory, keyboard, screen
0 and 1 that instruct the computer what to do
runs program instructions and controls other hardware
hardware
physical parts of a computer
hardware contains
cpu, memory, keyboard, screen
72 terms
Chapter 2 Computer Science
The Internet
The World Wide Web (WWW)
Most common Internet applications
Communicating
the most developed network system currently in use; connects…
was introduced in 1991 at CERN (Center for European Nuclear R…
Communicating, Shopping. Searching, Education or e-learning ,…
most popular Internet activity. Exchange e-mail, photos, videos
The Internet
the most developed network system currently in use; connects…
The World Wide Web (WWW)
was introduced in 1991 at CERN (Center for European Nuclear R…
14 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2
Data Type
Expression
Evaluation
Operator
A name for a category of data values that are all related, as…
A simple value or set of operations that produces a value.
The process of obtaining the value of an expression.
A special symbol (like + or *) that is used to indicate an op…
Data Type
A name for a category of data values that are all related, as…
Expression
A simple value or set of operations that produces a value.
14 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Applet
Assignment Operator
Byte Code
DOS Development Environment
Small Java programs that are already translated into into byt…
Any of the common mathematical operators (+, -, *, /, =)
The machine language for an imaginary Java computer. Can only…
The development environments used on Microsoft Windows such a…
Applet
Small Java programs that are already translated into into byt…
Assignment Operator
Any of the common mathematical operators (+, -, *, /, =)
40 terms
Computer science chapter 2
Conputational artifact
Event driven programming
Hardware
Software
An object created by a human being that invloves the use of c…
A programming approach whereby the program's behavior is cont…
The large and small physical components that make up a comput…
The computer programs that make up a computer system such as…
Conputational artifact
An object created by a human being that invloves the use of c…
Event driven programming
A programming approach whereby the program's behavior is cont…
64 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
Variable
Assignment statement
Constant
How are constants made
location in memory used to hold data
statement that assigns a value to a variable
identifiers with equal value throughout the program (written…
by typing the word "final" before the variable (words are sep…
Variable
location in memory used to hold data
Assignment statement
statement that assigns a value to a variable
30 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
Innovation
Bit
Bit Rate
Protocol
A novel or improved idea, device, product, etc, or the develo…
A contraction of "Binary Digit". A bit is the single unit of…
The number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of…
A set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data…
Innovation
A novel or improved idea, device, product, etc, or the develo…
Bit
A contraction of "Binary Digit". A bit is the single unit of…
19 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
A ___________ error does not prevent t…
A ___________ is a single function tha…
A(n) ___________ is a set of well-defi…
An informal language that has no synta…
logic
software requirement
algorithm
pseudocode
A ___________ error does not prevent t…
logic
A ___________ is a single function tha…
software requirement
26 terms
Computer Science - Chapter 2
Uses short mnemonic names for memory l…
Converts program text written in assem…
Requires re-writing the machine code
Formula Translation Language, Common B…
Assembly language
"Assembler" program
"Porting" a program written in assembly language to a differe…
Abstract, machine-independent programming language programs
Uses short mnemonic names for memory l…
Assembly language
Converts program text written in assem…
"Assembler" program
35 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2
double
int
boolean
string literal
Floating point data type. This variable is stored using 64 bi…
Integer data type. Variable stored using 32 bits- 1 bit used…
This is used to represent only two values: true and false. ca…
The character string that appears inside double quotation marks
double
Floating point data type. This variable is stored using 64 bi…
int
Integer data type. Variable stored using 32 bits- 1 bit used…
Computer Science Chapter 2
Object
Method
System.out.println
Class
An entity in your program that you can manipulate by calling…
Sequence of instructions that can access the data of an object
System.out is the object... println is the method
Describes a set of objects with same behavior. You can invoke…
Object
An entity in your program that you can manipulate by calling…
Method
Sequence of instructions that can access the data of an object
36 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
What is an ALU
What is a CU
What is a Register
Machine Instruction
Arithmetic Logic Unit
Control Unit
High speed memory address on chip
Op-Code, and Operand
What is an ALU
Arithmetic Logic Unit
What is a CU
Control Unit
38 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2
Applet
Compiler
Constructor
Editor
A program that appears in a window, often intended to be embe…
A translator program that compiles a complete translation of…
Method with the same name as the class.
Used to write source code
Applet
A program that appears in a window, often intended to be embe…
Compiler
A translator program that compiles a complete translation of…
50 terms
Chapter 2 Computer Science
Text Align
Image
Sizemode
BottomRight
Property determines how a Label control's text is aligned.
A PictureBox control's _____ property lists the name of the f…
A PictureBox control's ______ property determines how the gra…
When set to ____, the TextAlign property causes text o appear…
Text Align
Property determines how a Label control's text is aligned.
Image
A PictureBox control's _____ property lists the name of the f…
39 terms
Computer science CHAPTER 2
variables
C++ variables
identifiers
keywords
are like small blackboards... we can write a number on them ... cha…
are names for memory locations... we can write a value in them…
variables names are called identifiers... meaningful name that r…
also called reserved words... are sued by he C++ language... must b…
variables
are like small blackboards... we can write a number on them ... cha…
C++ variables
are names for memory locations... we can write a value in them…
31 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
Abstraction
Analog
Analog-to-Digital Conversion
ASCII
Creating simple concise representations of more complex pheno…
A continuous method of representing information.
A process of converting continuous information into discrete…
A standard code for representing text characters using one by…
Abstraction
Creating simple concise representations of more complex pheno…
Analog
A continuous method of representing information.
27 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
// (double slash)
# (pound sign)
< > (opening and closing brackets)
( ) (opening and closing parentheses)
marks the beginning of a comment
marks the beginning of a preprocessor directive
encloses a filename when used with the #include directive
used in naming a function, as in int main()
// (double slash)
marks the beginning of a comment
# (pound sign)
marks the beginning of a preprocessor directive
41 terms
Computer science chapter 2
Who launched the Internet?
Who launched the web?
Web 1.0
Web 2.0
Advanced research project agency network
Center for European nuclear research in Switzerland
Focused on linking existing information
Evolved to support more dynamic content creation and social i…
Who launched the Internet?
Advanced research project agency network
Who launched the web?
Center for European nuclear research in Switzerland
39 terms
AP Computer Science Chapter 2
control structure
definite loop
indefinite loop
type-safe language
a syntactic structure that controls other statements. Example…
a loop in which you know, before the loop starts, exactly how…
a loop in which you do not know, before the loop starts, exac…
a language in which you must explicitly declare the type of a…
control structure
a syntactic structure that controls other statements. Example…
definite loop
a loop in which you know, before the loop starts, exactly how…
38 terms
Computer Science chapter 2
variable
type
identifier
typeName variableName;... typeName variab…
value that can change, depending on conditions or on informat…
integer (whole numbers), floating point, date, string (text),…
name of a program or the names of the variables within a prog…
assigning variable a value
variable
value that can change, depending on conditions or on informat…
type
integer (whole numbers), floating point, date, string (text),…
93 terms
Chapter 2 Computer Science
access provider
add-on
address book
animation
is a business that provides individuals and organizations acc…
also called a lug-in is a program that extends the capability…
contains a list of names and e-mail addresses
which is the appearance of motion created by displaying a ser…
access provider
is a business that provides individuals and organizations acc…
add-on
also called a lug-in is a program that extends the capability…
16 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
method header
method
Java API
variable declaration
marks the beginning of a method... public static void main (Stri…
a group of one or more programming statements that collective…
(application programmer interface)- collection of prewritten…
tells the compilers the variable's name and type of data it w…
method header
marks the beginning of a method... public static void main (Stri…
method
a group of one or more programming statements that collective…
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