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Study sets matching "vocabulary chapter 5 ap psychology"

62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
perception
computational approach
constructivist approach
ecological approach
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
a view of perception taken by those who argue that the percep…
an approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
perception
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
computational approach
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
33 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
49 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
30 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
33 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
60 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
Non Conscious Process
Mental Rotation
A person's subjective experience of the world and the mind.
A field that attempts to understand the links between cogniti…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
The process of continuously transforming the orientation of a…
Consciousness
A person's subjective experience of the world and the mind.
Cognitive Neuroscience
A field that attempts to understand the links between cogniti…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
Learning through association... A tendency to connect events tha…
Accidentally discovered classical conditioning
Stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a response
Unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned…
Classical Conditioning
Learning through association... A tendency to connect events tha…
Ivan Pavlov
Accidentally discovered classical conditioning
47 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which your sensory receptors and nervous syste…
The process of organizing and interpreting information, enabl…
Analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which your sensory receptors and nervous syste…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting information, enabl…
49 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
89 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
absolute threshold
audition
basilar membrane
basket cells
The smallest magnitude of a stimulus that can be detected hal…
the sense of hearing.
One of the membranes that separate the two tubes of the cochl…
Sensory receptor cells at the base of hairs that detect press…
absolute threshold
The smallest magnitude of a stimulus that can be detected hal…
audition
the sense of hearing.
49 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
56 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Lamaze
Psychoactive Drugs
Hallucinations
Narcotics
Birthing method focusing on partner-coached breathing techniq…
Chemicals that affect the nervous system and result in altere…
False sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the ab…
A drug or other substance affecting mood or behavior and sold…
Lamaze
Birthing method focusing on partner-coached breathing techniq…
Psychoactive Drugs
Chemicals that affect the nervous system and result in altere…
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Developmental psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, & so…
The fertilized egg
The developing human organism from about 2 wks after fertiliz…
The developing human organism from 9 wks to birth
Developmental psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, & so…
Zygote
The fertilized egg
47 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation
sensation
perception
bottum-up processing
top-down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
information processing guided by higher-level mental prcesses…
sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
perception
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
46 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Bernstein
Perception
Computational Model
Constructivist Approach
Ecological Approach
The process through which people take raw sensations from the…
An approach to perception that focuses on how computations by…
An approach to perception taken by those who argue that the p…
An approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
Perception
The process through which people take raw sensations from the…
Computational Model
An approach to perception that focuses on how computations by…
34 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 5
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep (Parado…
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state (st…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
33 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
70 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 5
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-up processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental process,…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
70 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 5
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-up processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental process,…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
92 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 & 6 Vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
we must detect physical energy (stimulus) from the environmen…
how we select, organize, and interpret information.
starts with the senses and works from the bottom up to higher…
based on experience: we take what we know and fill in the gap…
Sensation
we must detect physical energy (stimulus) from the environmen…
Perception
how we select, organize, and interpret information.
47 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary: Chapter 5
activation-synthesis theory
agonist
alcohol myopia
alpha waves
Maintains that dreams represent the brain's attempt to interp…
A drug that increases or mimics the activity of a neurotransm…
When intoxicated, a "shortsightedness" in thinking (a failure…
A brain-wave pattern of 8 to 12 cycles per second that is cha…
activation-synthesis theory
Maintains that dreams represent the brain's attempt to interp…
agonist
A drug that increases or mimics the activity of a neurotransm…
159 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 5
Sensation
Sensory receptors
Transduction
Action Potential
When sensory information is detected by a sensory receptor; p…
specialized neurons that respond to specific types of stimuli.
The conversion from sensory stimulus energy to action potenti…
the rapid change in electric potential that parts of a nerve…
Sensation
When sensory information is detected by a sensory receptor; p…
Sensory receptors
specialized neurons that respond to specific types of stimuli.
36 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
EEG
biological rhythms
circadian rhythms
EMG
-electroencephalograph... -monitors brain electrical activity th…
periodic fluctuations in physiological functioning
24 hour biological cycles
-electromyograph... -records muscular activity/tension
EEG
-electroencephalograph... -monitors brain electrical activity th…
biological rhythms
periodic fluctuations in physiological functioning
26 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
Psychophysics
Absolute threshold
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
The study of relationships between the physical characteristi…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Bottom-up processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Top-down processing
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
32 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
non-conscious process
pre-conscious memories
process by which the brain creates a model of internal and ex…
interdisciplinary field involving cognitive psychology, neuro…
any brain process that does not involve conscious processing…
information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
process by which the brain creates a model of internal and ex…
cognitive neuroscience
interdisciplinary field involving cognitive psychology, neuro…
48 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
learning
conditioning
classical (or Pavlovian) conditioning
unconditioned stimulus (US)
the process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the prese…
the type of learning in which a response naturally elicited b…
a stimulus that invariably causes an organism to respond in a…
learning
the process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
conditioning
the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the prese…
45 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
40 terms
Chapter 5 AP Psychology Vocabulary
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg, it enters a two week period of rapid cell…
the developing human organism from about two weeks after fert…
the developing human organism from a week after the conceptio…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg, it enters a two week period of rapid cell…
14 terms
AP Psychology: Vocabulary Chapter 5
Manifest content
Narcolepsy
Sleep apnea
Latent content
The storyline of your dream
Going into instant sleep
When you stop breathing in your sleep
The hidden meaning of a dream
Manifest content
The storyline of your dream
Narcolepsy
Going into instant sleep
32 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary-Sensation Chapter 5
Absolute threshold
Difference Threshold
Just noticeable difference (JND)
Weber's law
Minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50…
Minimal change in stimulation that can be reliably detected 5…
The minimal change in a stimulus that can just barely be dete…
Difference threshold increase in proportion to the size of th…
Absolute threshold
Minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50…
Difference Threshold
Minimal change in stimulation that can be reliably detected 5…
19 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 5
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
sleep
NREM sleep
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
periodic, natural loss of consciousness—as distinct from unco…
non-rapid eye movement sleep; encompasses all sleep stages ex…
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
REM sleep
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
Nonconscious Processes
Preconscious memories
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
An interdisciplinary field that studies the connection betwee…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Cognitive Neuroscience
An interdisciplinary field that studies the connection betwee…
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
Nonconscious Processes
Preconscious memories
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
An interdisciplinary field that studies the connection betwee…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Cognitive Neuroscience
An interdisciplinary field that studies the connection betwee…
33 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Alcohol
Ascending reticular activating system…
Biological rhythms
Cannabis
A variety of beverages containing ethyl alcohol.
The afferent fibers running through the reticular formation t…
Periodic fluctuations in physiological functioning.
The hemp plant from which marijuana, hashish, and THC are der…
Alcohol
A variety of beverages containing ethyl alcohol.
Ascending reticular activating system…
The afferent fibers running through the reticular formation t…
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
learning
habituation
associative learning
stimulus
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation
33 terms
Barron AP Psychology Chapter 5 - Consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
sleep
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly oc…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state. α波
periodic, natural loss of consciousness—as distinct from unco…
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly oc…
34 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus
Unconditioned response
Neutral stimulus
Learning to make involuntary response to a stimulus other tha…
Natural occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary respo…
Involuntary response to a naturally occurring or unconditione…
Stimulus that has no effect on desired response
Classical conditioning
Learning to make involuntary response to a stimulus other tha…
Unconditioned stimulus
Natural occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary respo…
46 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary: Chapter 5
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which we detect physical energy from the envir…
the process by which we select, organize, and interpret senso…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processes
sensation
the process by which we detect physical energy from the envir…
perception
the process by which we select, organize, and interpret senso…
39 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Chapter 5 Vocabulary - AP Psychology
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned response (UCR)
Neural stimulus (NS)
Learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
an involuntary (reflex) response to a naturally occurring or…
Stimulus that has no effect on the desired response
Classical conditioning
Learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
40 terms
AP psychology-Chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
non conscious processes
Preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
an interdisciplinary field involving psychology, neurology an…
any brain process that does not involve conscious processing
information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
an interdisciplinary field involving psychology, neurology an…
32 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
activation synthesis theory
addiction
cataplexy
circadian rhythms
the theory that dreams begin with random electrical activatio…
a condition in which a person continues to use a drug despite…
sudden loss of muscle control
physiological patterns that repeat approximately every 24 hou…
activation synthesis theory
the theory that dreams begin with random electrical activatio…
addiction
a condition in which a person continues to use a drug despite…
27 terms
Ap psychology chapter 5 vocabulary
positive reinforcement
negative reinforcement
Primary reinforcer
conditioned reinforcer
A situation in which a response is followed by the addition o…
A situation in which a response results in the removal of, av…
a stimulus or event that is naturally or inherently reinforci…
A stimulus or event that has acquired reinforcing value by be…
positive reinforcement
A situation in which a response is followed by the addition o…
negative reinforcement
A situation in which a response results in the removal of, av…
47 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
d: The process by which your sensory receptors and nervous sy…
d: The process of organizing and interpreting information, en…
d: Analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up…
d: Information processing guided by higher-level mental proce…
Sensation
d: The process by which your sensory receptors and nervous sy…
Perception
d: The process of organizing and interpreting information, en…
41 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Teratogens
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the emb…
Zygote
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
Embryo
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
47 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
61 terms
Psychology AP Chapter 5 Vocabulary
acquisition
Albert Bandura
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
B.F. Skinner
in classical conditioning, the repeated pairing of a neutral…
1925-present. conducted a series of classic studies on how ch…
modern term for a form of behavior modification that uses sha…
1904-1990. proponent of behaviorist perspective and pioneer i…
acquisition
in classical conditioning, the repeated pairing of a neutral…
Albert Bandura
1925-present. conducted a series of classic studies on how ch…
63 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 5
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep (Parado…
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state (st…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
54 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 5 VOCABULARY
LEARNING
CONDITIONING
CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS
process producing relatively enduring change in behavior or k…
process of learning associations between environmental events…
basic learning process involving repeatedly pairing neutral s…
natural stimulus that reflexively elicits a response without…
LEARNING
process producing relatively enduring change in behavior or k…
CONDITIONING
process of learning associations between environmental events…
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
perception
computational approach
constructivist approach
ecological approach
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
a view of perception taken by those who argue that the percep…
an approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
perception
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
computational approach
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
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