Study sets matching "vocabulary chapter 5 ap psychology"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary chapter 5 ap psychology"

60 terms
Chapter 5 AP Psychology
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Retina
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Contains sensory receptors that process visual information an…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
47 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocab
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Acuity
Audition
Minimum amount of stimulus necessary to be detected half of t…
Process by which eye's lens changes shape to focus near or fa…
Sharpness of vision; determines quality of vision (near or fa…
The process of hearing; Ex: Recognizing somebody's voice
Absolute threshold
Minimum amount of stimulus necessary to be detected half of t…
Accommodation
Process by which eye's lens changes shape to focus near or fa…
49 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Bottom -up processing
Top-down processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
23 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 5 Learning
Learning
Habituation
Classical conditioning
Conditioned stimulus (CS)
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
the learning that occurs when repeated exposure to a stimulus…
learning to make a reflex response to a stimulus other than t…
a stimulus that becomes able to produce a learned reflex resp…
Learning
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Habituation
the learning that occurs when repeated exposure to a stimulus…
24 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 "Sensation"
Sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
14 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
gender
agression
x-chromosome
Y chromosome
the socially constructed roles and characteristics by which a…
physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
the sex chromosome found in both men and women. Females have…
the sex chromosome found in males. When paired with and X chr…
gender
the socially constructed roles and characteristics by which a…
agression
physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
66 terms
ap psychology chapter 5
zygote
embryo
fetus
tetratogens
fertilized egg, enters a 2 week period of rapid cell developm…
developing human from 2 weks after fertilization through seco…
developing human from 9 weeks after conception to birth, look…
harmful agents that can reach embryo or fetus. such as chemic…
zygote
fertilized egg, enters a 2 week period of rapid cell developm…
embryo
developing human from 2 weks after fertilization through seco…
AP Psychology Vocabulary: Chapter 5 (States of Consciousness)
consciousness
Alternate States of Concsiousness (ASC)
controlled processes
automatic processes
organism's awareness of its own self and surroundings
mental states, other than ordinary waking consciousness, foun…
require focused maximum attention
require minimal attention
consciousness
organism's awareness of its own self and surroundings
Alternate States of Concsiousness (ASC)
mental states, other than ordinary waking consciousness, foun…
49 terms
AP psychology chapter 5: Sensation
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
33 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary-Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
Sensation
Psychophysics
Absolute threshold
Signal Detection theory
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the study of relationships between te physical characterics o…
th eminimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
a theory predicting how and when we detect the prescnce of a…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Psychophysics
the study of relationships between te physical characterics o…
AP Psychology Chapter 5: Learning
Learning
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned response (UCR)
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
An involuntary (reflex) response to a naturally occurring or…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Classical conditioning
Learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
43 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Variations in Conciousness AP Psychology
Electroencephalograpgh (EEG)
Circadian Rhythms
Slow-Wave Sleep (SWS)
REM Sleep
device monitoring electrical activity of the brain over time…
24-hour biological cycles found in and many other species
consists of sleep stages 3 and 4, during which high-amplitude…
relatively deep stage of sleep marked by rapid eye movements,…
Electroencephalograpgh (EEG)
device monitoring electrical activity of the brain over time…
Circadian Rhythms
24-hour biological cycles found in and many other species
AP Psychology Chapter 5
conception
zygote stage
implantation stage
fetus stage
sperm and egg unite to bring genetic material together and fo…
2 weeks long. milestone of this stage: cells begin to differe…
The embryo 2 to 8 weeks. This stage begins with the multi-cel…
At nine weeks, hands and face have developed; the embryo is n…
conception
sperm and egg unite to bring genetic material together and fo…
zygote stage
2 weeks long. milestone of this stage: cells begin to differe…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Consciousness is defined as...
process by which one can control their…
Automatic processing is used for activ…
Activities such as learning to drive a…
an awareness of one's self and one's surroundings
selective attention
minimal
controlled processing
Consciousness is defined as...
an awareness of one's self and one's surroundings
process by which one can control their…
selective attention
47 terms
AP psychology Chapter 5 vocab
psychophysics
absolute threshold
signal detection theory
subliminal
the study of relationships between the physical characteristi…
the minimum amount of stimulation needed to detect particular…
a theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
below one's absolute threshold for conscious awareness
psychophysics
the study of relationships between the physical characteristi…
absolute threshold
the minimum amount of stimulation needed to detect particular…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
a type of consciousness in which peopl…
the focusing on a particular stimuli
not in awareness now, but could be rec…
many of our basic biological functions…
sensory awareness
selective attention
the preconscious level
the non-conscious level
a type of consciousness in which peopl…
sensory awareness
the focusing on a particular stimuli
selective attention
AP Psychology Chapter 5
sensation
bottom up processing
perception
top down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
bottom up processing
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
25 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5: Developing Through the Life Span
zygote
embryo
fetus
teratogens
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the emb…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
embryo
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
65 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 & 6 Vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
AP Psychology chapter 5
Consciousness
Hypnosis
Posthypnotic suggestion
Dissociation
our awareness of ourselves and ur enviornment
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
a suggestion, made during hypnosis sessions, to be carried ou…
a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and beha…
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and ur enviornment
Hypnosis
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
75 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Top Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which we detect physical energy from the envir…
The process by which sensations are selected, organized, and…
Sensory analysis which starts at the entry level and works up
Perceptual analysis which works from our experience and expec…
Sensation
The process by which we detect physical energy from the envir…
Perception
The process by which sensations are selected, organized, and…
AP Psychology Chapter 5
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM sleep (rapid eye movement sleep)
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly oc…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
55 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Preconscious
Unconscious
Consciousness
Selective Attention
Subconscious (store house of kmowledge and memory)
Store house of aggressive impulse and urge, sexual desires an…
Awareness of the sensations, thoughts, and feelings that one…
ability to focus awareness on a single stimulus to the exclus…
Preconscious
Subconscious (store house of kmowledge and memory)
Unconscious
Store house of aggressive impulse and urge, sexual desires an…
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
Nonconscious Processes
Preconscious memories
The process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
An interdisciplinary field that studies the connection betwee…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
Consciousness
The process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
Cognitive Neuroscience
An interdisciplinary field that studies the connection betwee…
40 terms
Ap psychology chapter 5
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Teratogens
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the emb…
Zygote
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
Embryo
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
50 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
intimacy
social identity
identity
menarche
in Erikson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relati…
the "we" aspect of our self-concept; the part of our answer t…
our sense of self; according to Erikson, the adolescent's tas…
the first menstrual period.
intimacy
in Erikson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relati…
social identity
the "we" aspect of our self-concept; the part of our answer t…
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after consumption…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
59 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 (Perception)
Perception
Computational approach
Constructivist approach
Ecological approach
The process through which people take *raw sensations from th…
An approach to perception that focuses on how *computations b…
An approach to perception taken by those who argue that the p…
An approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
Perception
The process through which people take *raw sensations from th…
Computational approach
An approach to perception that focuses on how *computations b…
AP Psychology Vocabulary: Chapter 5 (States of Consciousness)
consciousness
Alternate States of Concsiousness (ASC)
controlled processes
automatic processes
organism's awareness of its own self and surroundings
mental states, other than ordinary waking consciousness, foun…
require focused maximum attention
require minimal attention
consciousness
organism's awareness of its own self and surroundings
Alternate States of Concsiousness (ASC)
mental states, other than ordinary waking consciousness, foun…
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Learning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
Neutral Stimulus (NS)
Learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
An involuntary (reflex) response to a naturally occurring or…
Stimulus that has no effect on the desired response
Classical Conditioning
Learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5: States of Consciousness
consciousness
structuralism
psychological perspective
Freud's levels of consciousness
-the process underlying the mental model we create of the wor…
Lead to introspection- the process of reporting on one's own…
-biological
-conscious -... -preconscious- Information that is not currently…
consciousness
-the process underlying the mental model we create of the wor…
structuralism
Lead to introspection- the process of reporting on one's own…
AP Psychology Chapter 5&6
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by pre-existing knowledge or ex…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
65 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 & 6 Vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
48 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 - Sleep
activation synthesis hypothesis
alcohol
alpha waves
amphetamines
Why we dream: REM sleep triggers neural activity that evokes…
#1 problem in America; depressant & most used psychoactive dr…
the normal brainwave in the electroencephalogram of a person…
drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body…
activation synthesis hypothesis
Why we dream: REM sleep triggers neural activity that evokes…
alcohol
#1 problem in America; depressant & most used psychoactive dr…
43 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 5 & 6
Sensation
Perception
Bottom Up Processing
Top Down Processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
AP Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
63 terms
Keckler AP Psychology Chapter 5 (Developing Through the Life Span) Vocab
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
45 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Development
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental d…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental d…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
47 terms
AP Psychology Myers - Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
AP Psychology Chapter 5
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
AP Psychology - Chapter 5
changed controlled by a genetic bluepr…
pavlov placed meat powder in the mouth…
learning to make a reflex response to…
the tendency to response to a stimulus…
maturation
unconditioned stimulus
classical conditioning
stimulus generalization
changed controlled by a genetic bluepr…
maturation
pavlov placed meat powder in the mouth…
unconditioned stimulus
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary/Concepts
Learning
Maturation
Reflex
Stimulus
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Changes in height, or size in brain, for example, that are ca…
An involuntary response, one that is not under personal contr…
Any object, event, experience that causes a response/reaction…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Maturation
Changes in height, or size in brain, for example, that are ca…
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Learning
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
The process that allows us to adapt to the changing condition…
Russian physiologist
learning to make an involuntary response to a stimulus other…
a naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary r…
Learning
The process that allows us to adapt to the changing condition…
Ivan Pavlov
Russian physiologist
44 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5: Learning Vocabulary
learning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus (UCS/US)
unconditioned response (UCR/UR)
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
a naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
an involuntary (reflex) response to a naturally occurring or…
learning
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
classical conditioning
learning to make an involuntary (reflex) response to a stimul…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary GOOD
hypnotically refreshed memories
obesisty
alchoholism, drug addiction
if subject beleives they are too gulli…
combine fact and fiction but are not always accurate
posthypnotic suggestion aids to
posthynoptic suggestion does not help alleviate
social influence on hypnosis
hypnotically refreshed memories
combine fact and fiction but are not always accurate
obesisty
posthypnotic suggestion aids to
28 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
stream of conciousness
conciousness
controlled processes
automatic processes
term used by william james to describe the mind as a conciois…
an individual's awareness of external events and internal sen…
the most alert states of human consciousness during which ind…
states of consciousness that require little attention and do…
stream of conciousness
term used by william james to describe the mind as a conciois…
conciousness
an individual's awareness of external events and internal sen…
11 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Which of the following is true?... A) The…
Nearsightedness is a condition in whic…
If you can just notice the difference…
A decrease in sensory responsiveness a…
B) The absolute threshold for any stimulus varies somewhat
d. image falls in front of the retina
C) 110-pound weight
C) sensory adaptation
Which of the following is true?... A) The…
B) The absolute threshold for any stimulus varies somewhat
Nearsightedness is a condition in whic…
d. image falls in front of the retina
AP Psychology Chapter 5`
consciousness
James
Freud
EEG
awareness of internal and external stimuli
viewed consciousness as a stream of consciousness
said consciousness has levels, believed in having an unconsci…
measures brains electrical activity
consciousness
awareness of internal and external stimuli
James
viewed consciousness as a stream of consciousness
Myers AP Psychology Chapter 5
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
AP Psychology CHAPTER 5 vocab
Learning
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus
Unconditioned response
A relatively permanent change in behavior acquired through ex…
The process of learning by which a previously neutral stimulu…
A stimulus that elicits an unlearned response
An unlearned response to a stimulus
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior acquired through ex…
Classical conditioning
The process of learning by which a previously neutral stimulu…
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