Study sets matching "vocabulary chapter 9 biology cellular"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary chapter 9 biology cellular"

19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
respiration process that requires oxygen
respiration process that does not require oxygen
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9-Cellular Respiration
anaerobic respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
fermentation
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules…
process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
anaerobic respiration
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
32 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
29 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
31 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
31 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
calorie
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
18 terms
chapter 9 biology vocabulary- cellular respiration
Calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
measure of heat energy in food (equivalent to 1000 calories)
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
process that requires oxygen (cellular respiration)
process that does not require oxygen (fermentation)
Calorie
measure of heat energy in food (equivalent to 1000 calories)
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
Biology, Chapter 9.1, Cellular Growth
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell reproduction through a cycle of growing and dividing; on…
stage of cell cycle in which the cell grows, carries out cell…
stage of cell cycle in which the cell's nucleus and nuclear m…
the method used by a cell to divide, creating a new cell
cell cycle
cell reproduction through a cycle of growing and dividing; on…
interphase
stage of cell cycle in which the cell grows, carries out cell…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
anaerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Cell cycle
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
Cancer
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
17 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cell cycle
Centromere
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Cell structure that joins two sister chromatids during propha…
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
6 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
cellular respiration
fermentation
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
process that releases energy, carbon dioxide and water by bre…
process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
17 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
16 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Cancer
Carcinogen
Cell cycle
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Cancer
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
calorie
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
32 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, a molecule of…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
A coenzyme, oxidizing agent and an electron acceptor.
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, a molecule of…
Biology - Chapter 9 - Cellular Reproduction Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
A cycle of growing and dividing.
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
Cell's nucleus and nuclear material divide.
A cell's cytoplasm divides, making a new cell.
Cell Cycle
A cycle of growing and dividing.
Interphase
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
NAD+
electron transport chain
glycolysis
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a coenzyme that can accept an electron and acts as an electro…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
occurs in the cytosol, begins the degradation process by brea…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
NAD+
a coenzyme that can accept an electron and acts as an electro…
18 terms
Chapter 9 Glencoe Biology Cellular Reproduction
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
second main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's r…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
first stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Cell Cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Mitosis
second main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's r…
19 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 9: Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
process in which one molecule of gluco…
1000 calories, used on food
process that releases energy by breaki…
calorie
gycolysis
Calorie
cellular respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
calorie
process in which one molecule of gluco…
gycolysis
Biology - Chapter 9: Cellular Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
a cycle of growing and dividing
the stage of the cell cycle in which the cell grows, carries…
the stage of the cell cycle during the cell's nucleus and nuc…
the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a ne…
cell cycle
a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
the stage of the cell cycle in which the cell grows, carries…
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
balanced overall chemical summary of the process of cellular…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
balanced overall chemical summary of the process of cellular…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
Mitochondrion
Aerobic
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic
Similar to the chloroplast. Has two main parts, the matrix an…
Process that requires oxygen. Produces most of the ATP.
Occurs in the Krebs cycle and in the electron transport chain…
Process that does not require oxygen.
Mitochondrion
Similar to the chloroplast. Has two main parts, the matrix an…
Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen. Produces most of the ATP.
23 terms
Dons Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Reproduction
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokinesis
this contains the following steps: Interphase, mitosis and cy…
relaxed DNA, when the cell in not in mitosis
tightly wound DNA that makes it
division of the cells cytoplasm
cell cycle
this contains the following steps: Interphase, mitosis and cy…
chromatin
relaxed DNA, when the cell in not in mitosis
38 terms
Biology 2014 Chapter 9 Cellular Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Division of a somatic cell nucleus in the process of forming…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Biology chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
glucose
glycolysis
cytoplasm
energy (ATP)
What is the high energy molecule contained in food that break…
The release of this energy begins with the process called?
Where in the cell does this process take place?
What does this process need to begin?
glucose
What is the high energy molecule contained in food that break…
glycolysis
The release of this energy begins with the process called?
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration (2004)
calorie
glycolysis
Calorie
Description of cellular respiration (a…
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in half, p…
1000 calories, used in food energy labeling
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
glycolysis
process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in half, p…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respriation and Fermentation
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
measure of heat energy in food
First stage of reactions in cellular respiration in which mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carried incoled in glucose
Calorie
measure of heat energy in food
Glycolysis
First stage of reactions in cellular respiration in which mol…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cellular Respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
fermentation
What is the lifeline of energy?
a generally efficient process that requires O2; most, but not…
processes similar to aerobic respiration but that do not use…
generally inefficient processes used mainly when other pathwa…
Energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and leaves as heat
aerobic respiration
a generally efficient process that requires O2; most, but not…
anaerobic respiration
processes similar to aerobic respiration but that do not use…
14 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Chapter 9
glycoloysis
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
The ATP-generating metabolic process of most cells in which c…
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
Cellular respiration without oxygen. Fermentation
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
glycoloysis
The ATP-generating metabolic process of most cells in which c…
aerobic respiration
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Redox Reaction
Oxidation
A catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars t…
A catabolic process where oxygen is consumed as a reactant al…
Oxidation-reduction reaction; a transfer of one or more elect…
The loss of electrons from one substance
Fermentation
A catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars t…
Cellular Respiration
A catabolic process where oxygen is consumed as a reactant al…
Biology - Chapter 9 - Cellular Reproduction Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
A cycle of growing and dividing.
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
Cell's nucleus and nuclear material divide.
A cell's cytoplasm divides, making a new cell.
Cell Cycle
A cycle of growing and dividing.
Interphase
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
anaerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
Campbell Biology Chapter 9 cellular respiration
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that oc…
process in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
loss of electrons
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that oc…
aerobic respiration
process in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with…
22 terms
Hoffman Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
the process that RELEASES ENERGY BY BREAKING DOWN glucose and…
an electron carrier that accepts a pair of high-energy electr…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
glycolysis
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
anaerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
58 terms
Cellular Respiration- Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9
calorie
The energy available in food is used t…
_ are used by the body to power all of…
cellular respiration
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
ATP
ATP (and some NADH too)
a process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down food mo…
calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
The energy available in food is used t…
ATP
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration (2004)
calorie... 9.1
gycolysis... 9.1
Calorie 9.1
*cellular respiration... 9.1
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in half, p…
1000 calories, used on food
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie... 9.1
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
gycolysis... 9.1
process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in half, p…
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