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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science 4"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science 4"

25 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary 4
Jet Stream
Joule
Kinetic energy
land breeze
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Used to measure energy
energy in motion
blows at night from the land to sea
Jet Stream
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Joule
Used to measure energy
8 terms
Earth Science 4.1 Vocabulary
cosmology
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
celestial object
The study of the origin, properties, processes, and evolution…
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
Relatively uniform low temperature radiation that is present…
Any object that exists in space.
cosmology
The study of the origin, properties, processes, and evolution…
Big Bang Theory
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Topic 4
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
electromagnetic energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
Stored energy; energy an object or system has due to it posit…
Energy that has the properties of transverse waves
energy
The ability to do work.
kinetic energy
The energy of motion.
10 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary #4
Humus
Porosity
Soil
Horizon
A dark, crumbly, and spongy-textured organic material that fo…
The amount of open space between particles.
Composed of solids, liquids, and gasses that occur on the lan…
Layers of soil that form from a parent material.
Humus
A dark, crumbly, and spongy-textured organic material that fo…
Porosity
The amount of open space between particles.
10 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary - 4
fog
fossil
glacier
gravity
A stratus cloud located on the ground
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
A large ice mass that moves slowly down a mountain or over land
Attractive force between two objects that depends on the mass…
fog
A stratus cloud located on the ground
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
32 terms
Earth Science Unit 4 Vocabulary
abrasion
capillarity
chemical weathering
delta
the physical wearing down of rocks as they rub or bounce agai…
the ability of water to rise in small openings
any action that results in a change in the chemical compositi…
a deposit at the mouth of a river where the river loses its c…
abrasion
the physical wearing down of rocks as they rub or bounce agai…
capillarity
the ability of water to rise in small openings
40 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Matter
Mass
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter in any object
characteristics that can be observed without changing the com…
characteristics that describe how a substance reacts with oth…
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
the amount of matter in any object
13 terms
Earth Science - Ch. 4+ Vocabulary
power
work
kinetic energy
law of conservation of energy
The rate at which energy is converted.
Transfer of energy when a force is applied over a distance.
Energy a moving object has because of its motion.
States that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can ch…
power
The rate at which energy is converted.
work
Transfer of energy when a force is applied over a distance.
10 terms
Earth Science 4.1 Earth's Interior
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
Waves produced by earthquakes
Force pressing on a certain area
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer skin
A layer of hot rock beneath the crust
Seismic Waves
Waves produced by earthquakes
Pressure
Force pressing on a certain area
42 terms
4 Earth Science Earth
1968
Apollo 8
Vietnam war social injustice riots Col…
December 21 , 1968
In ______ ( year) the first space ship orbited the moon.
What was the space ship called that orbited the moon for the…
What was some of the conflicts going on when we orbited the m…
When did Apollo 8 launch .
1968
In ______ ( year) the first space ship orbited the moon.
Apollo 8
What was the space ship called that orbited the moon for the…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
rock
rock cycle
igneous rock
lava
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
rock
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Earth Centered Model
Ellipse
Sun Centered Model
Nebula
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
A slightly flattened circle
Copernicus's Model of the solar system
A cloud of gas and dust
Earth Centered Model
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
Ellipse
A slightly flattened circle
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weathering
physical weathering
frost action
chemical weathering
When rock is broken into smaller peices
Breaking apart rocks without changing the mineral composition
When water gets into cracks in rocks, freezes, expands, and b…
When a rock breaks down with a change in mineral composition;…
weathering
When rock is broken into smaller peices
physical weathering
Breaking apart rocks without changing the mineral composition
13 terms
Earth science vocabulary #4
31.Evaporation
32. Condensation
33. Precipitation
34. Transpiration
Liquid water changes into water vapor/ gases
Water vapor cools and changes from a gas to a liquid; cloud f…
Rain, sleet, snow, hail falls from clouds to earth surface
Water released from plants leaves
31.Evaporation
Liquid water changes into water vapor/ gases
32. Condensation
Water vapor cools and changes from a gas to a liquid; cloud f…
9 terms
Earth Science chapter 4 vocabulary
constant
control
dependent variable
hypothesis
a factor the remains the same during an experiment
the standard used for comparison in an experiment
a variable measured during an experiment
a statement that can be tested
constant
a factor the remains the same during an experiment
control
the standard used for comparison in an experiment
32 terms
Earth Science Unit 4 Vocabulary
abrasion
capillarity
chemical weathering
delta
the physical wearing down of rocks as they rub or bounce agai…
the ability of water to rise in small openings
any action that results in a change in the chemical compositi…
a deposit at the mouth of a river where the river loses its c…
abrasion
the physical wearing down of rocks as they rub or bounce agai…
capillarity
the ability of water to rise in small openings
8 terms
earth science vocabulary #4
cleavage
crystal structure
fracture
hardness
a sharp division; a split.
is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal.
the cracking or breaking of a hard object or material.
the quality or condition of being hard.
cleavage
a sharp division; a split.
crystal structure
is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal.
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
Geology
Gravity (gravitational field)
Light year
MOHO
Study of the Earth (soil,rocks,fossils, & minerals) by geolog…
Holds moon, atmosphere, and everything on the planet's surfac…
The distance that light travels on a year (6 trillion miles)
Separates the crust from the mantle (Mohorovicic discontinuity)
Geology
Study of the Earth (soil,rocks,fossils, & minerals) by geolog…
Gravity (gravitational field)
Holds moon, atmosphere, and everything on the planet's surfac…
Earth Science Vocabulary # 4
Cleavage
Crystal Shape
Fossil
Fracture
When a mineral breaks along "zones of weaknesses" resulting f…
The shape of a mineral crystal that reflects the arrangement…
Preserved remains of life ex. bones and footprints
When a mineral breaks randomly because the bonds between atom…
Cleavage
When a mineral breaks along "zones of weaknesses" resulting f…
Crystal Shape
The shape of a mineral crystal that reflects the arrangement…
36 terms
Earth Science 2.4 Vocabulary
What is crystalline?
What is luster?
Metallic luster
Examples of Nonmetallic luster
...
The way a mineral reflects light
can be bright and shiny similar to a metal ... - Can also be du…
vitreous, pearly greasy
What is crystalline?
...
What is luster?
The way a mineral reflects light
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Star
Planet
Moon
Solar System
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
Natural satellite that orbits a planet
A star, such as the sun, and all of the objects that revolve…
Star
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
Planet
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
10 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Set 4
Erosion
Index Fossil
Sediment
Deposition of Sediment
The carrying away or displacement of solids (sediment, soil,…
Fossil that is used to determine relative age of layer of sed…
Any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow…
Refers to the geologic process following erosion, in which pa…
Erosion
The carrying away or displacement of solids (sediment, soil,…
Index Fossil
Fossil that is used to determine relative age of layer of sed…
15 terms
Earth science chapter 4 vocabulary
basaltic
cementation
compaction
extrusive
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense, minerals…
The process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue…
the process that presses sediments together
fine-grained igneous rock that forms when magma cools quickly…
basaltic
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense, minerals…
cementation
The process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue…
13 terms
Earth Science Topic 4
axis
constellation
Coriolis effect
eclipse
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and…
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by another
axis
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
18 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4 "ROCKS"
Granitic
Rock Cycle
Basaltic
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous rocks that are light-colored rocks of lower density t…
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Igneous rocks that are dense, dark-colored, and form from mag…
Rock that has changed because of changes in temperature and p…
Granitic
Igneous rocks that are light-colored rocks of lower density t…
Rock Cycle
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
31 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Earth Centered Model
Ellipse
Sun Centered Model
Nebula
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
A slightly flattened circle
Copernicus's Model of the solar system
A cloud of gas and dust
Earth Centered Model
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
Ellipse
A slightly flattened circle
11 terms
Vocabulary topic 4 earth science
Altitude
Aphelion
Apparent motion
Apparent diameter
The angle of a celestial bodyabove the horizon
The point in a planets orbit that is greater distant from the…
An object that appears to be moving
The diameter that is a celestial object appears to have/depen…
Altitude
The angle of a celestial bodyabove the horizon
Aphelion
The point in a planets orbit that is greater distant from the…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary (sections 1-4)
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
the layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core
seismic waves
pressure
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics Vocabulary
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the layer of Earth below the mantle
the central part of the Earth below the mantle
the solid, outermost layer of the Earth that consists of the…
Crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Mantle
the layer of Earth below the mantle
6 terms
4.2 Vocabulary: Earth Science
Solar Energy
Nuclear Energy
Wind Energy
Hydroelectric Power
earths most abundant energy source
comes from radioactive materials that relese energy through n…
turns turbines to create electricity
the power generated by falling water
Solar Energy
earths most abundant energy source
Nuclear Energy
comes from radioactive materials that relese energy through n…
7 terms
4.3 Vocabulary : Earth Science
point source pollution
nonpoint source pollution
runoff
global warming
water pollution that comes from a known and specific location
water pollution that does not have a specific point of origin
water that flows over the land surface rather than seeping in…
the increase in average temperatures of earth and the atmosph…
point source pollution
water pollution that comes from a known and specific location
nonpoint source pollution
water pollution that does not have a specific point of origin
31 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
125 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary
Abrasion
Absolute Age
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Large body of air
Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surfac…
Abrasion
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Absolute Age
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
8 terms
Earth and Space Science 4 vocabulary
solar system
planet
satellites
asteriods
planets, their satellites, asteroids, and comets
celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
moons
small rocky bodies orbiting the sun
solar system
planets, their satellites, asteroids, and comets
planet
celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
19 terms
Earth Science 3.4 Glaciers
Glacier
Continental Glacier
Ice Age
Valley Glacier
A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
A glacier that covers most of a continent or large island
A time when a continental glacier covered large parts of eart…
A long, narrow glacier formed when snow and ice build up high…
Glacier
A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
Continental Glacier
A glacier that covers most of a continent or large island
10 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4 Vocabulary
Power
Work
Kinetic Energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
Is the rate at which energy is converted
Is force applied through a distance
Is energy due to motion
States that energy cannot be created or destroyed
Power
Is the rate at which energy is converted
Work
Is force applied through a distance
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
coal
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a hard, black substance formed from plants that lived about 3…
renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
16 terms
Earth Science Unit 4 Vocabulary
abrasion
bedrock
Chemical Weathering
Deposition
A type of erosion caused by wearing or scraping away by sand…
Is the solid layer of rock beneath the soil.
Process in which the chemical composition of rocks is changed…
Occurs when sediments are laid down on the ground or sink to…
abrasion
A type of erosion caused by wearing or scraping away by sand…
bedrock
Is the solid layer of rock beneath the soil.
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Deep-time view
Crust
The study of earth's structures, materials, and processes.
Once held as a fundamental principle of geology, it is the be…
The idea that the earth is ancient-billions of years ago
The earth's solid, relatively low-density outermost layer of…
Geology
The study of earth's structures, materials, and processes.
Uniformitarianism
Once held as a fundamental principle of geology, it is the be…
150 terms
EARTH SCIENCE-SLO VOCABULARY
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
The amount of force pushing on a surface or area. Increases a…
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
seismic waves
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
pressure
The amount of force pushing on a surface or area. Increases a…
31 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
8 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary 4-3
sediment
ersion
deposition
compaction
small solid pieces of material that come from one or more org…
the process by which water,ice, wind, or gravity moves weathe…
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
the process in which sediments are pressed together under the…
sediment
small solid pieces of material that come from one or more org…
ersion
the process by which water,ice, wind, or gravity moves weathe…
8 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary 4-1
rock-forming minerals
granite
basalt
grains
the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of Earth's…
a usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
a dark. dense igneous rock with a texture, found in oceanic c…
the particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rocks it…
rock-forming minerals
the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of Earth's…
granite
a usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
34 terms
Chapter 4 Earth Science Vocabulary
matter
element
atom
proton
that which has mass and occupies space
an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a co…
basic unit of matter
Positively charged particle
matter
that which has mass and occupies space
element
an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a co…
12 terms
Earth Science 4
Summer Solstice
Solstice
Winter Solstice
Spring Equinox
The first day of summer when the earth is tilted directly tow…
Occurs when the earth is either fully tilted toward the sun o…
The first day of winter when the earth is fully tilted away f…
The first day of spring when the earth begins to tilt toward…
Summer Solstice
The first day of summer when the earth is tilted directly tow…
Solstice
Occurs when the earth is either fully tilted toward the sun o…
13 terms
EArth science chapter 4- earth's resources vocabulary
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
ore
Can be replenished over fairly short time spans, such as mont…
takes millions of years to form and accumulate.
includes coal, oil and natural gas .
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
renewable resource
Can be replenished over fairly short time spans, such as mont…
nonrenewable resource
takes millions of years to form and accumulate.
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Asteroid
Asteroid belt
Atmosphere
Comet
Rocky object, smaller than a planet, that orbits the sun
Region between Mars and Jupiter where most asteroids orbit th…
Envelope of gas surrounding an object in space
Ball of ice, rock, frozen gases, and dust that orbits the sun
Asteroid
Rocky object, smaller than a planet, that orbits the sun
Asteroid belt
Region between Mars and Jupiter where most asteroids orbit th…
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