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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 10"

24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Weather
Air pressure
Barometer
Humidity
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Force of air against a unit of area
Instrument used to measure air pressure
Amount of water vapor in the air
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Air pressure
Force of air against a unit of area
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
43 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Gyre
Up-welling
Down-welling
Thermohaline circulation
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
...
Movements of ocean water caused by density differences brough…
Gyre
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
Up-welling
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
15 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 10
continental drift
mid-oceans ridges
sea-floor spreading
paleomagnetism
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
the process by which new oceanic lithosphere (sea floor) form…
the study of the alignment of magnetic minerals in rock, spec…
continental drift
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
mid-oceans ridges
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
33 terms
earth science chapter 10 Review
Asthenosphere
Continental drift
Lithosphere
Magnetometer
Plasticlike layer below the lithosphere
Idea that continents move slowly across earth's surface
Composed of oceanic or continental crust and upper mantle
Sensing device to detect magnetic fields
Asthenosphere
Plasticlike layer below the lithosphere
Continental drift
Idea that continents move slowly across earth's surface
10 terms
Earth science chapter 10 vocabulary
Mt. Saint Helens
caldera
stratovolcanoes
shield volcanoes
stratovolcano that erupted in 1980; located in Washington state
large depression in a volcano typically caused by a collapse…
volcanoes that produce the most explosive eruptions
volcanoes that have a shape of a broad, slightly domed struct…
Mt. Saint Helens
stratovolcano that erupted in 1980; located in Washington state
caldera
large depression in a volcano typically caused by a collapse…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Shoreline
Beach
Undertow
Longshore current
a boundary line between land and water
An area of sand sloping down to the water of a sea or lake
a subsurface current that is near shore and that pulls object…
A water current that travels near and parallel to the shoreline
Shoreline
a boundary line between land and water
Beach
An area of sand sloping down to the water of a sea or lake
Earth science chapter 10 vocabulary
continental drift
pangea
seafloor spreading
plate tectonics
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
The process that creates new sea floor as plates move away fr…
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
continental drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
pangea
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Continental Drift
Pangea
Seafloor Spreading
Plate Tectonics
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
The process that creates new sea floor as plates move away fr…
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Pangea
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
14 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 10
fossil
sedimentary rock
scientific theory
evolution
preserved remains or traces of living things
forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plant…
well-tested concept that explains a wide range of observations
gradual change of living things over time
fossil
preserved remains or traces of living things
sedimentary rock
forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plant…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Infiltration
Porosity
Zone of Saturation
Water Table
when much of the precipitation that falls on land enters the…
the percentage of pore space in a material.
the depth below Earth's surface at which groundwater complete…
the upper boundary of the zone of saturation.
Infiltration
when much of the precipitation that falls on land enters the…
Porosity
the percentage of pore space in a material.
25 terms
Chapter 10--Earth Science
infiltration
porosity
zone of saturation
water table
process by which precipitation that has fallen on land surfac…
percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock; is highes…
depth below Earth's surface where all the pores of a material…
upper boundary of the zone of saturation that rises during we…
infiltration
process by which precipitation that has fallen on land surfac…
porosity
percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock; is highes…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
viscosity
vent
pyroclastic material
volcano
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow.
A opening in the Earth's surface that molten rock and gases a…
The volcanic rock ejected during an eruption. Made up of ash,…
A mountain formed of lava and/or pyroclastic material.
viscosity
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow.
vent
A opening in the Earth's surface that molten rock and gases a…
20 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 10
rock
petrology
igneous
sedimentary
solid material in earth's crust; a combination of minerals or…
study of rocks, their classification, and their history
hardened lava or magma; not many forming now
formed from small particles of eroded rocks or from dissolved…
rock
solid material in earth's crust; a combination of minerals or…
petrology
study of rocks, their classification, and their history
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
viscosity
vent
pyroclastic material
volcano
a measure of a fluids resistnace to flow
an opening in the surface of earth through which molten rock…
the volcanic rock ejected during an eruption, including ash b…
a mountain formed of lava and or pyrocastic material
viscosity
a measure of a fluids resistnace to flow
vent
an opening in the surface of earth through which molten rock…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
grain
foliated
load
deposition
the mineral or rock particles that give rock its texture
a layered appearance caused by the parallel arrangement of gr…
the dissolved or suspended matter in a body of water
the process in which sediment is laid down
grain
the mineral or rock particles that give rock its texture
foliated
a layered appearance caused by the parallel arrangement of gr…
8 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 10 Vocabulary - Plate Tectonics
continental drift
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
plate tectonics
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
large, ancient landmass that was composed of all the continen…
Hess's theory that new seafloor is formed upward toward the s…
theory that Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into pl…
continental drift
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
Pangaea
large, ancient landmass that was composed of all the continen…
16 terms
Earth science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Biomass
Salinity
Storm surge
Wave
The total mass of living organisms in a given region.
A measure of the amount of dissolved salt in water; average o…
Water that is pushed in a pile near shore by storm winds caus…
A change in the shape of water caused by energy from wind.
Biomass
The total mass of living organisms in a given region.
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salt in water; average o…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Continental Glacier
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* Polar ice sheets that cover millions of square kilometers o…
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
24 terms
chapter 10 Earth science
continental drift
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
plate tectonics
continents have moved slowly to their current locations
large landmass that means "all land"
hot, less dense material below the crust rise toward the surf…
Earth's crust and part of the upper mantle are broken into se…
continental drift
continents have moved slowly to their current locations
Pangaea
large landmass that means "all land"
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 10 Vocabulary
aquifer
artesian well
cavern
continental glacier
layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through e…
well from which water flows on its own without pumping
cave
polar ice sheets that cover millions of square kilometers of…
aquifer
layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through e…
artesian well
well from which water flows on its own without pumping
15 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 10
continental drift
mid-oceans ridges
sea-floor spreading
paleomagnetism
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
the process by which new oceanic lithosphere (sea floor) form…
the study of the alignment of magnetic minerals in rock, spec…
continental drift
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
mid-oceans ridges
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Decompression Melting
Ring of Fire
Intraplate Volcanism
Hot Spot
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
Decompression Melting
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
Ring of Fire
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
28 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 10
rock
petrology
texture
grains
a solid material in the earth's crust that is composed of 2 o…
the study of rocks
how a rock looks and feels
the pieces and particles that a rock is composed of
rock
a solid material in the earth's crust that is composed of 2 o…
petrology
the study of rocks
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
abrasion
bedrock
biological activity
chemical change
grinding away of rock by friction with other rocks
the solid, or continuous, rock that extends the earth's inter…
actions of animals and plants that cause weathering
a change that results in the formation of a new substance
abrasion
grinding away of rock by friction with other rocks
bedrock
the solid, or continuous, rock that extends the earth's inter…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Pegmatite
Aphantic
Rocks
Petrologists
Igneous rocks with large crystals
Igneous rocks with microscopic crystals
Mixture of minerals and other materials
Scientists who study rocks
Pegmatite
Igneous rocks with large crystals
Aphantic
Igneous rocks with microscopic crystals
22 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 10
Currents
Gyres
Surface
Upwelling
Mass movements of surface water produced by prevailing winds…
Huge circular moving current systems dominate the surfaces of…
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
A process in which cold, nutrient-rich water from the deep oc…
Currents
Mass movements of surface water produced by prevailing winds…
Gyres
Huge circular moving current systems dominate the surfaces of…
32 terms
Earth Science (Chapter 10)
Most crustal deformation occurs along
factors that influence the strength of…
Folds
Anticline(fold)
plate magins
temp and confining pressure, rock type, and time
Rocks bent into a series of waves. Most folds result from com…
upfolded, or arched, rock layer. (Wyoming)
Most crustal deformation occurs along
plate magins
factors that influence the strength of…
temp and confining pressure, rock type, and time
11 terms
Earth science chapter 10
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Fossil fuel
Any type of matter or energy from Earth's environment that hu…
A natural resource that can be replaced in nature at about th…
A resource that exits in a fixed amount or is up more quickly…
Fuel formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms that is…
Natural Resource
Any type of matter or energy from Earth's environment that hu…
Renewable Resource
A natural resource that can be replaced in nature at about th…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10: Volcanoes and Other Igneous Activity
Viscosity
Vent
Pyroclastic material
Volcano
a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow
an opening in the surface of Earth through which molten rock…
the volcanic rock ejected during an eruption, including ash,…
a mountain formed of lava and/or pyroclastic material
Viscosity
a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow
Vent
an opening in the surface of Earth through which molten rock…
17 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 10
Decompression Melting
Ring of Fire
Intraplate Volcanism
Hot Spot
Melting due to a drop in cofining pressure that occurs as roc…
Volcano belt that rimes the Pacific Ocean
Igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
A concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
Decompression Melting
Melting due to a drop in cofining pressure that occurs as roc…
Ring of Fire
Volcano belt that rimes the Pacific Ocean
8 terms
Chapter 10' vocabulary earth science
Asthenosphere
Continental drift
Convection current
Lithosphere
Plastic like layer of earth on which the lithosphere plates f…
Wingers hypothesis that all continents were once connected In…
Current in earths mantle that transfers heat in earths interi…
Rigid layer of earth about lookm thick , made of the crust an…
Asthenosphere
Plastic like layer of earth on which the lithosphere plates f…
Continental drift
Wingers hypothesis that all continents were once connected In…
13 terms
chapter 10 earth science
Lithosphere
s waves
Asthenosphere
P waves
Made of the the crust and upper mantle, makes up the plates t…
seismic waves that can't move through liquids... move side to si…
slippery lower part of the lower mantle which tectonic plates…
seismic waves that move in forward and backward motion... move t…
Lithosphere
Made of the the crust and upper mantle, makes up the plates t…
s waves
seismic waves that can't move through liquids... move side to si…
15 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 10
Global Warming
Pollution
Acid rain
Aerobic
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature caused by…
The presence of pollutants in the environment to such a degre…
Rain or snow more acidic than normal precipitation
Oxygen consuming bacteria found in bodies of water
Global Warming
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature caused by…
Pollution
The presence of pollutants in the environment to such a degre…
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 10
apparent motion
axis
celestial object
celestial sphere
The way celestial objects appear to move across the sky.
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
Object in the sky outside of Earth's atmosphere; the sun, moo…
imaginary sphere encircling Earth on which all objects in the…
apparent motion
The way celestial objects appear to move across the sky.
axis
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
25 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 10
asthenosphere
paleomagnatism
lithosphere
plate tectonics
a layer of "plastic" rock just below the lithosphere... tectoni…
the study of the alignment and magnetic properties in rocks
the thin outer shell of Earth's crust and the rigid, upper pa…
the theory that explains why and how continents move and is t…
asthenosphere
a layer of "plastic" rock just below the lithosphere... tectoni…
paleomagnatism
the study of the alignment and magnetic properties in rocks
17 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
Decompression melting
Ring of Fire
Intraplate volcanism
Hot spot
Decreasing pressure, in contrast, lowers rock's melting point
is the belt of volcanoes that circles much of the Pacific Ocean
The result may be a small volcanic region a few kilometers ac…
Decompression melting
Decreasing pressure, in contrast, lowers rock's melting point
Ring of Fire
is the belt of volcanoes that circles much of the Pacific Ocean
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Questions
Continental Drift Theory
Alfred Wegener
Pangaea
Fossils found on continents separated…
Belief that continents have moved slowly apart to their curre…
1st proposed the theory of continental drift
Large landmass in which all continents once were connected.
What clues support the continental drift theroy?
Continental Drift Theory
Belief that continents have moved slowly apart to their curre…
Alfred Wegener
1st proposed the theory of continental drift
16 terms
chapter 10 earth science
earthquake focus
epicenter
rupture front
2 kilometers / second
the point where earthquake starts to release the elastic stra…
the point on the earth's surface that lies vertically above t…
fault slippage begins at the focus and spreads across a fault…
the rupture front travels at _______ for earthquakes in the c…
earthquake focus
the point where earthquake starts to release the elastic stra…
epicenter
the point on the earth's surface that lies vertically above t…
21 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 10 Vocabulary
decompression melting
ring of fire
intraplate volcanism
hot spot
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
includes andes, cascades, canada. Most active regions are loc…
igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing magm…
decompression melting
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
ring of fire
includes andes, cascades, canada. Most active regions are loc…
Earth Science Chapter 10 Groundwater
infiltration
zone of saturation
water table
zone of aeration
Flow of water from the land surface into the subsurface.
Region below Earth's surface where all the pores of a materia…
The upper level of the saturated zone of groundwater
Region above the water table where materials are moist, but p…
infiltration
Flow of water from the land surface into the subsurface.
zone of saturation
Region below Earth's surface where all the pores of a materia…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 vocabulary
Asthenosphere
Continental drift
Convection current
Lithosphere
Plasticlike layer of Earth on which the lithospheric plates f…
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
Current in earth's mantle that transfers heat in Earth's inte…
Rigid layer of earth about 100km thick, made of the crust and…
Asthenosphere
Plasticlike layer of Earth on which the lithospheric plates f…
Continental drift
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Groundwater
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
20 terms
Chapter 10 Earth Science-Volcanos
batholith
caldera
cinder cone
composite volcano
very large rock material underground formed when magma cools…
a very large opening at the top of the volcano caused when th…
volcanoes that with steep sides formed by tephra material.
volcanoes with medium sides formed from layers of lava and te…
batholith
very large rock material underground formed when magma cools…
caldera
a very large opening at the top of the volcano caused when th…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocab Words.
Decompression Melting
Ring Of Fire
Intraplate Volcanic
Hot Spot
Melting Do To A Drop In Confining Pressure As Rocks Rises.
A Major Belt Of Volcanoes That Rims The Pacific Ocean.
In Side The Middle of a pate - Hawaii.
A Location In The Mantle That Is Hotter Than Any Other Areas…
Decompression Melting
Melting Do To A Drop In Confining Pressure As Rocks Rises.
Ring Of Fire
A Major Belt Of Volcanoes That Rims The Pacific Ocean.
37 terms
Bju Earth Science Chapter 10
Clast
rock
petrology
petrologist
Clastic Sedimentary rocks are made of eroded sedimentary rock…
solid material in the earth's crust, a natural combination of…
study, classification and history of rocks
geologist who studies rocks
Clast
Clastic Sedimentary rocks are made of eroded sedimentary rock…
rock
solid material in the earth's crust, a natural combination of…
21 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 10 Vocabulary
decompression melting
ring of fire
intraplate volcanism
hot spot
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
includes andes, cascades, canada. Most active regions are loc…
igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing magm…
decompression melting
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
ring of fire
includes andes, cascades, canada. Most active regions are loc…
21 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 10 Vocabulary
decompression melting
ring of fire
intraplate volcanism
hot spot
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
includes andes, cascades, canada. Most active regions are loc…
igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing magm…
decompression melting
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
ring of fire
includes andes, cascades, canada. Most active regions are loc…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Anticline
Basin
Brittle
Compression
A ridge-shaoed fold of stratified rock in which the slope dow…
A wide, round open area of water
Hard but liable to break or shatter easily
The action of compressing
Anticline
A ridge-shaoed fold of stratified rock in which the slope dow…
Basin
A wide, round open area of water
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