Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

23 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science Vocabulary
Earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
the point where energy from an earthquake originates
waves traveling through Earth transferring energy released du…
Earthquake
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fault
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Uniformitarianism
Relative Age
Law of Superposition
Uncomformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Relative Age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Erosion
Deposition
Mass Movement
Slump
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
A type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
Erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
40 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 8
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Geologic time scale
Numerical dates
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
The division of Earth history into blocks of time, such as eo…
Dates that specify the actual number of years that have passe…
Catastrophism
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
S Wave
Fault
Focus
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
a type of seismic wave in which the shaking is perpendicular…
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
Earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
S Wave
a type of seismic wave in which the shaking is perpendicular…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Clastic Rock
Extrusive Rock
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Sedimentary rock made mainly from fragments of other rocks
Igneous rock that forms from cooled lava on the earth's surface
Rock formed from melted minerals that have cooled and hardened
Rock that has been changed by intense heat, pressure, and che…
Clastic Rock
Sedimentary rock made mainly from fragments of other rocks
Extrusive Rock
Igneous rock that forms from cooled lava on the earth's surface
15 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 8)
Map
Globe
Equator
Latitude
a representational drawing of a location
a map of Earth that models its shape, and the locations and r…
an imaginary line around Earth's middle; lies between the nor…
east-west lines that are north or south of the equator
Map
a representational drawing of a location
Globe
a map of Earth that models its shape, and the locations and r…
Earth Science Chapter 8
Compression
Isostasy
Plastic
Shear
Stress resulting from squeezing.
Equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mantle b…
Capable of being molded.
Stress resulting from parallel forces acting in opposite dire…
Compression
Stress resulting from squeezing.
Isostasy
Equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mantle b…
Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
volcano
vent
pillow lava
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
came from the name for a Roman god
what a volcano forms when magma forces its way to the surface…
only forms underwater
igneous
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
volcano
came from the name for a Roman god
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.2
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Low-level clouds
Mid-level clouds
Cloud
Adiabatic cooling
surface of the earth to 6500 feet
6500 - 23000 feet
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Cloud
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Adiabatic cooling
35 terms
earth science-chapter 8-Matter
physical properties
subatomic particle
chemical properties
isotopes
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
protons, neutrons, electrons
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
subatomic particle
protons, neutrons, electrons
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.1
weather
climate
meteorology
Factors that cause earth's variable we…
state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
year-round weather typical of a certain place
study of weather
heat energy
weather
state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
year-round weather typical of a certain place
Chapter 8 EARTH SCIENCE!!!
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock.
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 8 Mass Movement
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A downslope movement of rock and soil over a failure surface(…
mass movement
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
creep
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
fissure
active volcano
dormant volcano
effusive eruption
long cracks in the ground
a volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may eru…
A volcano that has not erupted for a long time, but may erupt…
An eruption that yields mostly lava, not ash.
fissure
long cracks in the ground
active volcano
a volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may eru…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic waves
Epicenter
The vibration of Earth produces by the rapid release of energy.
The point within the Earth where an earthquake originates.
Vibrations traveling through the Earth carrying the energy re…
The location on the Earth's surface directly above the focus,…
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produces by the rapid release of energy.
Focus
The point within the Earth where an earthquake originates.
33 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of rocks?
Where did the term volcano originally come from?
A volcano begins to form when magma forces its way up through…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
Volcanoes are made of what kind of rocks?
a Roman God
Where did the term volcano originally come from?
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Crust
Inner Core
Seismic Waves
Seismograph
The thin, outermost layer of the Earth.
Solid, innermost layer of the Earth.
Shock waves made by an earthquake.
Instrument that detects and records P & S waves.
Crust
The thin, outermost layer of the Earth.
Inner Core
Solid, innermost layer of the Earth.
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Weathering and Soil Formation
weathering
erosion
uniformitarianism
mechanical weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
erosion
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
...
...
...
...
earthquake
...
focus
...
14 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Erosional Forces
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
any type of erosion that happens as gravity moves materials d…
when a mass of material slips down along a curved surface
erosion
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
deposition
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Conglomerate
Extrusive rock
Igneous rock
Lava
Clastic rock made of rounded pebbles cemented together
Igneous rock that forms from cooed lava on the earth's surface
Rock formed from melted minerals that have cooled and hardened
Magma that comes out onto the earth's surface
Conglomerate
Clastic rock made of rounded pebbles cemented together
Extrusive rock
Igneous rock that forms from cooed lava on the earth's surface
22 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 8 Mass Movement
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A downslope movement of rock and soil over a failure surface(…
mass movement
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
creep
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Sediment
Erosion
Deposition
Mass movement
Loose materials, such as mineral grains and rock fragments, t…
Process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
Dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
Any type of erosion that occurs as gravity moves materials do…
Sediment
Loose materials, such as mineral grains and rock fragments, t…
Erosion
Process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
Chapter 8 earth science
by correlating stratigraphic records w…
uniformity
catasrophism
stratigraphy
how was this earth geologic history created?
natural laws are permament: under the same conditions a given…
earth originated through supernatural means and had been affe…
the study of rock layers and layering
by correlating stratigraphic records w…
how was this earth geologic history created?
uniformity
natural laws are permament: under the same conditions a given…
13 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Earth Science
Radiometric dating
half-life
fossil
paleontology
a method of determining the absolute age of an object by comp…
the time required for half of a sample of radioactive isotope…
the trace or remains of organisms that lived long ago, most c…
the scientific study of fossils
Radiometric dating
a method of determining the absolute age of an object by comp…
half-life
the time required for half of a sample of radioactive isotope…
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
A fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fault
A fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
30 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
erosion
deposition
mass erosion
talus
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
downhill movement of weathered materials caused by gravity
An accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
erosion
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
chapter 8 earth science
Earthquake zone
Seismograph
Elastic rebound
Mercalli scale
area with many faults and earthquakes happen most often in.
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
causes the ground to move during an earthquake, and it also b…
is used to measure earthquakes.
Earthquake zone
area with many faults and earthquakes happen most often in.
Seismograph
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Mass Movement
Creep
Mudflow
Landslide
the downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
Slow, steady downhill movement of loose weathered Earth mater…
Rapidly flowing, often destructive mixture of mud and water t…
Rapid downslope movement of a mass of loose soil, rock or deb…
Mass Movement
the downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
Creep
Slow, steady downhill movement of loose weathered Earth mater…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
absolute humidity
atmosphere
aurora australis
aurora borealis
The amount of water a certain volume of air holds.
The layers of air surrounding the earth.
Bands of light that appear in the southern hemisphere sky whe…
Bands of light which appear in the northern hemisphere sky wh…
absolute humidity
The amount of water a certain volume of air holds.
atmosphere
The layers of air surrounding the earth.
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Air mass
Anticyclone
Arctic air mass
Calorie
Large body of air that has relatively uniform conditions of t…
High-pressure system that often brings cool, clear weather as…
Extremely cold air mass that originally was from the far North.
Common measuring unit of heat energy.
Air mass
Large body of air that has relatively uniform conditions of t…
Anticyclone
High-pressure system that often brings cool, clear weather as…
52 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
Earthquake
Faults
Hypocenter or Focus
Epicenter
Ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
The fractures in the Earth's crust along which rocks on one s…
The location where slippage begins
The point on the Earth's surface directly above the hypocente…
Earthquake
Ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
The fractures in the Earth's crust along which rocks on one s…
Earth Science Chapter 8
Seismology
Deformation
Elastic Rebound
Seismic Wave
The study of earthquakes
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Deformation
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
Chapter 8: Earth Science
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
29 terms
earth science chapter 8
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic wave
The study of earthquakes
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
seismology
The study of earthquakes
deformation
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Volcano
Igneous rock
Intrusive volcanism
Extrusive volcanism
Mountain landform created from solidified magma
Fire formed rock
Igneous structures formed beneath the Earth's surface
igneous structures formed on top of the Earth's surface
Volcano
Mountain landform created from solidified magma
Igneous rock
Fire formed rock
Earth Science: Chapter 8 vocabulary
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
The location on Earth's surface directly above the focus of o…
A fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
any type of erosion that occurs as gravity moves materials do…
a type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
erosion
process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
deposition
dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Weathering and Soil Formation
weathering
erosion
uniformitarianism
mechanical weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
erosion
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
Since we are unable to directly sample…
What percentage of the total mass of t…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
proxy... Proxy data is biological, chemical, mineralogical and…
99%
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
angle of insolation
arid
climate
duration of insolation
the angle at which the Sun's rays strike Earth's surface
climate in which the total annual precipitation is less than…
the average weather of a region over an extensive period of t…
the length of time insolation is received at a location in a…
angle of insolation
the angle at which the Sun's rays strike Earth's surface
arid
climate in which the total annual precipitation is less than…
34 terms
Earth Science chapter 8
igneous
Magma
Lava
Pahoehoe
fire-formed
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
Liquid rock above Earth's surface
Lava with smoothly wrinkled ropey surface
igneous
fire-formed
Magma
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
7 terms
Mr.Q Earth Science Chapter 8
Solar eclipse
Umbra
Path of totality
Corona
an event in which the moon gets in between the sun and the ea…
the shadow caused by the moon during a solar eclipse
the path of the moon's shadow during a solar eclipse
a bright ring of light that encircles the moon when it is com…
Solar eclipse
an event in which the moon gets in between the sun and the ea…
Umbra
the shadow caused by the moon during a solar eclipse
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Review
A rock is a mixture of_____.
The three main types of rocks are
_____ is a metamorphic rock.
_______ is an igneous rock
minerals
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
Foliated Rock
Granite
A rock is a mixture of_____.
minerals
The three main types of rocks are
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Faults
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
point within Earth where the earthquake starts
location on the surface directly above the focus
Fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
point within Earth where the earthquake starts
44 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Earth Chemistry REVIEW
alloy
energy level
diatomic molecule
chemical property
Solid solution of two or more metals.
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
Consisting of two atoms.
Characteristic that describes how a substance interacts with…
alloy
Solid solution of two or more metals.
energy level
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8
uniformitarianism
relative age
law of superposition
unconformity
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
uniformitarianism
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
relative age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
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