How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

22 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Uniformitarianism
Relative Age
Law of Superposition
Uncomformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Relative Age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
40 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 8
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Geologic time scale
Numerical dates
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
The division of Earth history into blocks of time, such as eo…
Dates that specify the actual number of years that have passe…
Catastrophism
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Erosion
Deposition
Mass Movement
Slump
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
A type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
Erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Subduction
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Magma
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Compression
Isostasy
Plastic
Shear
Stress resulting from squeezing.
Equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mantle b…
Capable of being molded.
Stress resulting from parallel forces acting in opposite dire…
Compression
Stress resulting from squeezing.
Isostasy
Equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mantle b…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
S Wave
Fault
Focus
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
a type of seismic wave in which the shaking is perpendicular…
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
Earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
S Wave
a type of seismic wave in which the shaking is perpendicular…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
44 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Earth Chemistry REVIEW
alloy
energy level
diatomic molecule
chemical property
Solid solution of two or more metals.
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
Consisting of two atoms.
Characteristic that describes how a substance interacts with…
alloy
Solid solution of two or more metals.
energy level
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.2
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Low-level clouds
Mid-level clouds
Cloud
Adiabatic cooling
surface of the earth to 6500 feet
6500 - 23000 feet
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Cloud
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Adiabatic cooling
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic waves
Epicenter
The vibration of Earth produces by the rapid release of energy.
The point within the Earth where an earthquake originates.
Vibrations traveling through the Earth carrying the energy re…
The location on the Earth's surface directly above the focus,…
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produces by the rapid release of energy.
Focus
The point within the Earth where an earthquake originates.
12 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8
uniformitarianism
relative age
law of superposition
unconformity
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
uniformitarianism
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
relative age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
9 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Crust
Inner Core
Seismic Waves
Seismograph
The thin, outermost layer of the Earth.
Solid, innermost layer of the Earth.
Shock waves made by an earthquake.
Instrument that detects and records P & S waves.
Crust
The thin, outermost layer of the Earth.
Inner Core
Solid, innermost layer of the Earth.
52 terms
Chapter 8 EARTH SCIENCE!!!
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock.
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Weathering and Soil Formation
weathering
erosion
uniformitarianism
mechanical weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
erosion
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.1
weather
climate
meteorology
Factors that cause earth's variable we…
state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
year-round weather typical of a certain place
study of weather
heat energy
weather
state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
year-round weather typical of a certain place
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
fissure
active volcano
dormant volcano
effusive eruption
long cracks in the ground
a volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may eru…
A volcano that has not erupted for a long time, but may erupt…
An eruption that yields mostly lava, not ash.
fissure
long cracks in the ground
active volcano
a volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may eru…
14 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Erosional Forces
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
any type of erosion that happens as gravity moves materials d…
when a mass of material slips down along a curved surface
erosion
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
deposition
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Conglomerate
Extrusive rock
Igneous rock
Lava
Clastic rock made of rounded pebbles cemented together
Igneous rock that forms from cooed lava on the earth's surface
Rock formed from melted minerals that have cooled and hardened
Magma that comes out onto the earth's surface
Conglomerate
Clastic rock made of rounded pebbles cemented together
Extrusive rock
Igneous rock that forms from cooed lava on the earth's surface
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
...
...
...
...
earthquake
...
focus
...
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Mass Movement
Creep
Mudflow
Landslide
the downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
Slow, steady downhill movement of loose weathered Earth mater…
Rapidly flowing, often destructive mixture of mud and water t…
Rapid downslope movement of a mass of loose soil, rock or deb…
Mass Movement
the downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
Creep
Slow, steady downhill movement of loose weathered Earth mater…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
absolute humidity
atmosphere
aurora australis
aurora borealis
The amount of water a certain volume of air holds.
The layers of air surrounding the earth.
Bands of light that appear in the southern hemisphere sky whe…
Bands of light which appear in the northern hemisphere sky wh…
absolute humidity
The amount of water a certain volume of air holds.
atmosphere
The layers of air surrounding the earth.
33 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of rocks?
Where did the term volcano originally come from?
A volcano begins to form when magma forces its way up through…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
Volcanoes are made of what kind of rocks?
a Roman God
Where did the term volcano originally come from?
Earth Science Chapter 8
Seismology
Deformation
Elastic Rebound
Seismic Wave
The study of earthquakes
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Deformation
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
chapter 8 earth science
Earthquake zone
Seismograph
Elastic rebound
Mercalli scale
area with many faults and earthquakes happen most often in.
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
causes the ground to move during an earthquake, and it also b…
is used to measure earthquakes.
Earthquake zone
area with many faults and earthquakes happen most often in.
Seismograph
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
30 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
erosion
deposition
mass erosion
talus
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
downhill movement of weathered materials caused by gravity
An accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
erosion
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
23 terms
Earth Science : Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
the point within the Earth where the earthquake starts
vibrations that travel through the Earth where an earthquake…
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
fault
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Sediment
Erosion
Deposition
Mass movement
Loose materials, such as mineral grains and rock fragments, t…
Process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
Dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
Any type of erosion that occurs as gravity moves materials do…
Sediment
Loose materials, such as mineral grains and rock fragments, t…
Erosion
Process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
13 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Earth Science
Radiometric dating
half-life
fossil
paleontology
a method of determining the absolute age of an object by comp…
the time required for half of a sample of radioactive isotope…
the trace or remains of organisms that lived long ago, most c…
the scientific study of fossils
Radiometric dating
a method of determining the absolute age of an object by comp…
half-life
the time required for half of a sample of radioactive isotope…
19 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 8
Igneous
A Roman God
Vent
Underwater
Volcanoes are made of __________rock
The term volcano originally came from the name for ______
A volcano begins to form when magma forces its way to the sur…
Pillow lava forms
Igneous
Volcanoes are made of __________rock
A Roman God
The term volcano originally came from the name for ______
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Volcano
Igneous rock
Intrusive volcanism
Extrusive volcanism
Mountain landform created from solidified magma
Fire formed rock
Igneous structures formed beneath the Earth's surface
igneous structures formed on top of the Earth's surface
Volcano
Mountain landform created from solidified magma
Igneous rock
Fire formed rock
50 terms
Chapter 8: Earth Science
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
29 terms
earth science chapter 8
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic wave
The study of earthquakes
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
seismology
The study of earthquakes
deformation
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Mass Movements, Wind, and Glaciers
Mass Movement
Creep
Mudflow
Lahar
The downslope movement of soil and weathered rock resulting f…
The slow, steady, downhill flow of loose, weathered materials…
Swiftly moving mixtures of mud and water
A type of mudflow that occurs after a volcanic erruption
Mass Movement
The downslope movement of soil and weathered rock resulting f…
Creep
The slow, steady, downhill flow of loose, weathered materials…
8 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 8 Lesson 1: Forces that Shape the Earth
isostasy
subsidence
uplift
compression
- balance between the liquid mantle and the solid crust.
- when the earth's surface is pressed down into the mantle by…
- when the earth's surface lifts up as a result of currents i…
- when a rock is pressed between two tectonic plates so that…
isostasy
- balance between the liquid mantle and the solid crust.
subsidence
- when the earth's surface is pressed down into the mantle by…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
volcano
vent
pillow lava
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
came from the name for a Roman god
what a volcano forms when magma forces its way to the surface…
only forms underground
igneous
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
volcano
came from the name for a Roman god
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
angle of insolation
arid
climate
duration of insolation
the angle at which the Sun's rays strike Earth's surface
climate in which the total annual precipitation is less than…
the average weather of a region over an extensive period of t…
the length of time insolation is received at a location in a…
angle of insolation
the angle at which the Sun's rays strike Earth's surface
arid
climate in which the total annual precipitation is less than…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
any type of erosion that occurs as gravity moves materials do…
a type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
erosion
process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
deposition
dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
31 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Air mass
Anticyclone
Arctic air mass
Calorie
Large body of air that has relatively uniform conditions of t…
High-pressure system that often brings cool, clear weather as…
Extremely cold air mass that originally was from the far North.
Common measuring unit of heat energy.
Air mass
Large body of air that has relatively uniform conditions of t…
Anticyclone
High-pressure system that often brings cool, clear weather as…
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Volcanoes and Volcanism
igneous
volcano
vent
Pillow Lava
The type of rocks volcanoes are made of
A term that originally came from the name for a Roman god; a…
The place formed in a volcano where when magma forces its way…
forms underwater
igneous
The type of rocks volcanoes are made of
volcano
A term that originally came from the name for a Roman god; a…
7 terms
Science Chapter 8 Earth and Space
Solar System
Planet
Orbit
Star
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
The path a planet takes as it moves around another object
A big ball of hot gases that gives off light and heat energy.…
Solar System
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
Planet
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
52 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
Earthquake
Faults
Hypocenter or Focus
Epicenter
Ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
The fractures in the Earth's crust along which rocks on one s…
The location where slippage begins
The point on the Earth's surface directly above the hypocente…
Earthquake
Ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
The fractures in the Earth's crust along which rocks on one s…
35 terms
earth science-chapter 8-Matter
physical properties
subatomic particle
chemical properties
isotopes
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
protons, neutrons, electrons
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
subatomic particle
protons, neutrons, electrons
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.4
Air mass
Maritime
Continental
Polar
large body of air with uniform temperature, humidity and pres…
forms over water
forms over land
forms over cold region
Air mass
large body of air with uniform temperature, humidity and pres…
Maritime
forms over water
23 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 vocabulary
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
The location on Earth's surface directly above the focus of o…
A fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Review
A rock is a mixture of_____.
The three main types of rocks are
_____ is a metamorphic rock.
_______ is an igneous rock
minerals
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
Foliated Rock
Granite
A rock is a mixture of_____.
minerals
The three main types of rocks are
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
46 terms
BJU earth science chapter 8
what type of rocks are volcanoes made of
where did the term volcano originate
a hole or what forms during the format…
where does pillow lava form
igneous
a roman god, vulcano island
vent
underwater
what type of rocks are volcanoes made of
igneous
where did the term volcano originate
a roman god, vulcano island
42 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth Science Chapter 8, 2
erosion
sediment
deposition
mass movement
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
the process by which sediment settles out of the water or win…
any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
erosion
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
sediment
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
33 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 8
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
Where did the term volcano originally…
A volcano begins to form when magma fo…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
igneous
Where did the term volcano originally…
a Roman God
1 of 10