Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

44 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Earth Chemistry REVIEW
alloy
energy level
diatomic molecule
chemical property
Solid solution of two or more metals.
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
Consisting of two atoms.
Characteristic that describes how a substance interacts with…
alloy
Solid solution of two or more metals.
energy level
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8
uniformitarianism
relative age
law of superposition
unconformity
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
uniformitarianism
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
relative age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
8 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 8 Lesson 1: Forces that Shape the Earth
isostasy
subsidence
uplift
compression
- balance between the liquid mantle and the solid crust.
- when the earth's surface is pressed down into the mantle by…
- when the earth's surface lifts up as a result of currents i…
- when a rock is pressed between two tectonic plates so that…
isostasy
- balance between the liquid mantle and the solid crust.
subsidence
- when the earth's surface is pressed down into the mantle by…
46 terms
BJU earth science chapter 8
what type of rocks are volcanoes made of
where did the term volcano originate
a hole or what forms during the format…
where does pillow lava form
igneous
a roman god, vulcano island
vent
underwater
what type of rocks are volcanoes made of
igneous
where did the term volcano originate
a roman god, vulcano island
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.3
Rain
Water cycle
Bergeron process
Collision-coalescence process
drops of liquid falling from clouds to earth; most common for…
movement of earth's water from the surface, into the air and…
how rain forms in clouds with temperatures below freezing
how rain forms in clouds with temperatures above freezing
Rain
drops of liquid falling from clouds to earth; most common for…
Water cycle
movement of earth's water from the surface, into the air and…
33 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 8
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
Where did the term volcano originally…
A volcano begins to form when magma fo…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
igneous
Where did the term volcano originally…
a Roman God
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Volcanoes and Volcanism
igneous
volcano
vent
Pillow Lava
The type of rocks volcanoes are made of
A term that originally came from the name for a Roman god; a…
The place formed in a volcano where when magma forces its way…
forms underwater
igneous
The type of rocks volcanoes are made of
volcano
A term that originally came from the name for a Roman god; a…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
seismology
tectonic plates
fault
deformation
study of earthquakes
giant pieces of earth's thin, outermost layer
a break in the earth's crust along which blocks of crust slide
the change in the shape of rock in response to stress
seismology
study of earthquakes
tectonic plates
giant pieces of earth's thin, outermost layer
Earth Science Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
the dense, innermost layer of the Earth
the crust and the upper part of the mantle which form tectoni…
crust
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
mantle
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
34 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 8
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
Where did the term volcano originally…
A volcano begins to form when magma fo…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
igneous
Where did the term volcano originally…
a Roman God
23 terms
Earth Science : Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
the point within the Earth where the earthquake starts
vibrations that travel through the Earth where an earthquake…
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
fault
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
Chapter 8 vocabulary Earth Science
Earth Quake
Focus
Epicenter
Faults
Vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
Point within earth where the quake starts
Location on the surface directly above the focus
Fractures in earths surface where movement has occured
Earth Quake
Vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
Focus
Point within earth where the quake starts
29 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8 Volcanoes Vocabulary
Volcano
Magma
Hot spot
Mantle plume
a vent in Earth's surface through which magma and gases pass
molten rock beneath Earth's surface.
a volcanically active place not located at a plate boundary
large column of hot rock
Volcano
a vent in Earth's surface through which magma and gases pass
Magma
molten rock beneath Earth's surface.
Science Chapter 8 Earth and Space
Solar System
Planet
Orbit
Star
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
The path a planet takes as it moves around another object
A big ball of hot gases that gives off light and heat energy.…
Solar System
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
Planet
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Volcano
Igneous
Extrusive Volcanism
Intrusive Volcanism
depositional mountain landform built from solidified magma fr…
refers to anything having to do with molten earth materials,…
volcanoes form on top of the earth's crust
Processes that form igneous structures related to volcanoes i…
Volcano
depositional mountain landform built from solidified magma fr…
Igneous
refers to anything having to do with molten earth materials,…
21 terms
Chapter.8 earth science vocabulary
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic waves
Epicenter
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates.
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The location on earth's surface directly above the focus,or o…
Earthquake
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
Focus
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates.
Earth science chapter 8 vocabulary
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic waves
Epicenter
The vibration earth produced by the rapid release of energy
The point within earth where an earthquake originates
Vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy rele…
The location on earths surface directly above the focus or or…
Earthquake
The vibration earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
The point within earth where an earthquake originates
Earth science vocabulary chapter 8
Volcanoe
Igneous
Extrusive volcanism
Intrusive volcanism
A depositional mountain made out of solid magma
Anything that has to do with molten earth materials
Volcanoes that form on top of earths crust
Processes that form igneous structure
Volcanoe
A depositional mountain made out of solid magma
Igneous
Anything that has to do with molten earth materials
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Erosion
Deposition
Mass Movement
Slump
earth surface worn away to different locations by gravity, wi…
sediments are deposited by erosion agents as they lose energy
gravity moves materials down a slope in one large mass
a large mass movement which leaves a curved scar
Erosion
earth surface worn away to different locations by gravity, wi…
Deposition
sediments are deposited by erosion agents as they lose energy
23 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science Vocabulary
Earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
the point where energy from an earthquake originates
waves traveling through Earth transferring energy released du…
Earthquake
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fault
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Earthquakes
Seismology
Fault
Deformation
Elastic rebound
The study of earthquakes
A break in the Earth's crust
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Fault
A break in the Earth's crust
Earth Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
Convection current
asthenosphere
lithosphere
mantle
currents caused by different temperatures; the force that mov…
the top of the mantle
the crust
the molten part of the earth
Convection current
currents caused by different temperatures; the force that mov…
asthenosphere
the top of the mantle
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Absolute Age
Cenozoic Era
Epoch
Era
The geologic age of a fossil, or a geologic event or structur…
The Cenozoic Era is the most recent of the three major subdiv…
the beginning of a distinctive period in the history of anyth…
a date or an event forming the beginning of any distinctive p…
Absolute Age
The geologic age of a fossil, or a geologic event or structur…
Cenozoic Era
The Cenozoic Era is the most recent of the three major subdiv…
35 terms
Earth science vocabulary chapter 8
Crystallization
Erosion
Igneous rock
Metamorphic rock
The process by which igneous rocks are formed.
The transporting of sediments from one place to another.
Form from cooling magma.
form when the minerals in an existing rock are changed by hea…
Crystallization
The process by which igneous rocks are formed.
Erosion
The transporting of sediments from one place to another.
19 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science Vocabulary
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
The physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
An accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
Type of weathering caused by reducing pressure on a rock surf…
Mechanical Weathering
The physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
Frost Wedging
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Matter
matter
physical properties
chemical properties
atoms
a substance that take up space and has mass
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Characteristics of a substance that determines how it will re…
Smallest part of an element
matter
a substance that take up space and has mass
physical properties
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
13 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8
uniformitarianism
relative age
law of superposition
unconformity
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
uniformitarianism
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
relative age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
Chapter 8 Earth Science (Earthquakes)
Fault
The cause of an earthquake
An earthquake
Focus
A fracture in the earth where movement has occurred is...
The release of elastic stored in a rock that has been subject…
The motion that results as rocks release elastic energy is...
The source of an earthquake is called...
Fault
A fracture in the earth where movement has occurred is...
The cause of an earthquake
The release of elastic stored in a rock that has been subject…
Chapter 8 earth science
Rock
Texture
Igneous rock
Types of igneous rock
An aggregate (mixture) of minerals
The visible characteristics of a rock which include grain siz…
Rocks that Form from molten rock
- plutonic (intrusive) ... - volcanic (extrusive)
Rock
An aggregate (mixture) of minerals
Texture
The visible characteristics of a rock which include grain siz…
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Crystallization
Erosion
Texture
Igenous Rock
the process by which mineral crystals form as molten rock cools
the transport of weathered materias and sediments by water, w…
the visible characteristics of a rock which include grain siz…
Rock that forms when molten rock solidifies
Crystallization
the process by which mineral crystals form as molten rock cools
Erosion
the transport of weathered materias and sediments by water, w…
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Earthquake
Tsunami
Aftershock
Foreshock
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
The Japanese word for seismic sea wave
A small earthquake that follows the main earthquake
A small earthquake that preceded a major earthquake
Earthquake
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Tsunami
The Japanese word for seismic sea wave
28 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 - Earth's Water
atmosphere
water vapor
ice cap
soil water
the blanket of gases that surrounds Earth.
a gas in Earth's atmosphere
a thick sheet of ice covering a large area of land
water that soaks into the ground
atmosphere
the blanket of gases that surrounds Earth.
water vapor
a gas in Earth's atmosphere
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
13 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Uniformitarianism
Relative Age
Law of Superposition
Uncomformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Relative Age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
epicenter
fault
elastic rebound hypothesis
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
the explanation stating that when rocks are deformed, they br…
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
epicenter
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
Earth science chapter 8 vocabulary
Volcano
Igneous
Extrusive volcanism
Intrusive volcanism
A depositions like mountain landform from solidified magma
Anything having to do with molten earth materials
When volcanoes form on top of the earths crust
When volcanoes form inside the crust
Volcano
A depositions like mountain landform from solidified magma
Igneous
Anything having to do with molten earth materials
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
a movement of mass that is often destructive
the gradual movement downhill of loose soil, rock, gravel, etc
a flow of mixed earth debris containing a large amount of water
the downward falling or sliding of a mass of soil, detritus,…
mass movement
a movement of mass that is often destructive
creep
the gradual movement downhill of loose soil, rock, gravel, etc
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
volcano
vent
pillow lava
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
came from the name for a Roman god
what a volcano forms when magma forces its way to the surface…
only forms underground
igneous
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
volcano
came from the name for a Roman god
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic Waves
Epicenter
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
42 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth Science Chapter 8, 2
erosion
sediment
deposition
mass movement
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
the process by which sediment settles out of the water or win…
any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
erosion
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
sediment
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
12 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8 Volcanoes Vocabulary
Volcano
Magma
Hot spot
Mantle plume
a vent in Earth's surface through which magma and gases pass
molten rock beneath Earth's surface.
a volcanically active place not located at a plate boundary
large column of hot rock
Volcano
a vent in Earth's surface through which magma and gases pass
Magma
molten rock beneath Earth's surface.
Earth Science Chapter 8
Crystallization
Erosion
Texture
Igneous Rock
The process in which mineral crystals form as molten rock cools
The transport of weathered materials and sediments by water,…
The visible characteristics of a rock which include grain siz…
Rock that forms when molten rock solidifies
Crystallization
The process in which mineral crystals form as molten rock cools
Erosion
The transport of weathered materials and sediments by water,…
14 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Erosional Forces
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
any type of erosion that happens as gravity moves materials d…
when a mass of material slips down along a curved surface
erosion
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
deposition
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
Chapter 8 Earth Science
Mass movement
Climate
Weight, resistance, trigger, water
Creep
The downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
__ determines the extent of mass movements
What are the variables that affect mass movements?
Slow, steady downhill flow of loose materials
Mass movement
The downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
Climate
__ determines the extent of mass movements
Earth Science Chapter 8
What is the Earth's main source of ene…
What type of energy does the Sun and s…
What is evaporation?
What are the 3 states of water?
The sun
electromagnetic energy
The change in state from liquid to gas
ice, liquid water, and water vapor
What is the Earth's main source of ene…
The sun
What type of energy does the Sun and s…
electromagnetic energy
Earth science Chapter 8
earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Faults
is the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of en…
is the point within Earth where the... earthquake starts.
is the location on the surface directly above the focus.
are fractures in Earth where movement has occurred.
earthquake
is the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of en…
Focus
is the point within Earth where the... earthquake starts.
earth science Chapter 8
Fault
Focus
Epicenter
Seismograph
Large fracture in earth's crust and mantle.
Location on the inside of the earth where energy is first rel…
Spot on the earth's surface directly above the focus
A machine that records any motion in the ground during an ear…
Fault
Large fracture in earth's crust and mantle.
Focus
Location on the inside of the earth where energy is first rel…
Earth Science Chapter 8
Rock
Texture
Igneous rocks
Plutonic
An aggregate (mixture) of minerals
The visible characteristics pf a rock which includes grains s…
Formed from molten rock.
Intrusive, slow cooling and crystallization
Rock
An aggregate (mixture) of minerals
Texture
The visible characteristics pf a rock which includes grains s…
15 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 8
James Ussher (mid-1600s)
James Hutton (Late 1700s)
Geologic time scale
Absolute dating
Catastrophism: Landscape created by great catastrophes (cause…
Uniformitarianism: The present is the key to the past (causes…
* Timeline: A record of the geologic events and life forms in…
A technique used to determine the actual age of a fossil.
James Ussher (mid-1600s)
Catastrophism: Landscape created by great catastrophes (cause…
James Hutton (Late 1700s)
Uniformitarianism: The present is the key to the past (causes…
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