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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science chapter 8"

15 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
uniformitarianism
relative age
law of superposition
unconformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relations to the ages of other objects
the principle that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
relative age
the age of an object in relations to the ages of other objects
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
the dense, innermost layer of the Earth
the crust and the upper part of the mantle which form tectoni…
crust
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
mantle
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
volcano
vent
pillow lava
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
came from the name for a Roman god
what a volcano forms when magma forces its way to the surface…
only forms underground
igneous
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
volcano
came from the name for a Roman god
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Matter
matter
physical properties
chemical properties
atoms
a substance that take up space and has mass
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Characteristics of a substance that determines how it will re…
Smallest part of an element
matter
a substance that take up space and has mass
physical properties
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
12 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8 Volcanoes Vocabulary
Volcano
Magma
Hot spot
Mantle plume
a vent in Earth's surface through which magma and gases pass
molten rock beneath Earth's surface.
a volcanically active place not located at a plate boundary
large column of hot rock
Volcano
a vent in Earth's surface through which magma and gases pass
Magma
molten rock beneath Earth's surface.
14 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Erosional Forces
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
any type of erosion that happens as gravity moves materials d…
when a mass of material slips down along a curved surface
erosion
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
deposition
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Volcano
Vent
Lava
Crater
A depositional mountain built from solidified molten rock com…
An opening in the earth's crust from which lava and gases can…
Liquid magma that has escaped from the earth's interior.
In general, any distinct, roughly circular, walled depression…
Volcano
A depositional mountain built from solidified molten rock com…
Vent
An opening in the earth's crust from which lava and gases can…
48 terms
Chapter 8 vocabulary Earth Science
Earth Quake
Focus
Epicenter
Faults
Vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
Point within earth where the quake starts
Location on the surface directly above the focus
Fractures in earths surface where movement has occured
Earth Quake
Vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
Focus
Point within earth where the quake starts
34 terms
Earth Science chapter 8
igneous
Magma
Lava
Pahoehoe
fire-formed
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
Liquid rock above Earth's surface
Lava with smoothly wrinkled ropey surface
igneous
fire-formed
Magma
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Mass movement
Creep
Mudflows
Landslide
The downslope movement of soil and weathered rock resulting f…
The slow, steady, downhill flow of loose, weathered earth mat…
Swiftly moving mixtures of mud and water.
A rapid, downslope movement of earth materials that occurs wh…
Mass movement
The downslope movement of soil and weathered rock resulting f…
Creep
The slow, steady, downhill flow of loose, weathered earth mat…
35 terms
earth science vocabulary chapter 8
volcano
igneous
extrusive volcanic
vent
a depositional mountain land form created from solidified mag…
fire formed rocks
because they form on top of earths crust
once the magma forces its' way out of the surface, the hole q…
volcano
a depositional mountain land form created from solidified mag…
igneous
fire formed rocks
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
the vibration of Earth by the rapid release of energy
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
point within the Earth where an earthquake originated
energy released by the earthquake that travels in all directi…
earthquake
the vibration of Earth by the rapid release of energy
fault
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fractures in the earth where movement has occurred
the point within the Earth where the earthquake starts
vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy rele…
earthquake
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fault
fractures in the earth where movement has occurred
28 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 - Earth's Water
atmosphere
water vapor
ice cap
soil water
the blanket of gases that surrounds Earth.
a gas in Earth's atmosphere
a thick sheet of ice covering a large area of land
water that soaks into the ground
atmosphere
the blanket of gases that surrounds Earth.
water vapor
a gas in Earth's atmosphere
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Faults
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
point within Earth where the earthquake starts
location on the surface directly above the focus
Fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
point within Earth where the earthquake starts
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Volcano
Igneous
Extrusive Volcanism
Intrusive Volcanism
depositional mountain landform built from solidified magma fr…
refers to anything having to do with molten earth materials,…
volcanoes form on top of the earth's crust
Processes that form igneous structures related to volcanoes i…
Volcano
depositional mountain landform built from solidified magma fr…
Igneous
refers to anything having to do with molten earth materials,…
21 terms
Chapter.8 earth science vocabulary
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic waves
Epicenter
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates.
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The location on earth's surface directly above the focus,or o…
Earthquake
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
Focus
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates.
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic Waves
Epicenter
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Erosion
Deposition
Mass Movement
Slump
earth surface worn away to different locations by gravity, wi…
sediments are deposited by erosion agents as they lose energy
gravity moves materials down a slope in one large mass
a large mass movement which leaves a curved scar
Erosion
earth surface worn away to different locations by gravity, wi…
Deposition
sediments are deposited by erosion agents as they lose energy
16 terms
Earth science vocabulary chapter 8
Volcanoe
Igneous
Extrusive volcanism
Intrusive volcanism
A depositional mountain made out of solid magma
Anything that has to do with molten earth materials
Volcanoes that form on top of earths crust
Processes that form igneous structure
Volcanoe
A depositional mountain made out of solid magma
Igneous
Anything that has to do with molten earth materials
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
Convection current
asthenosphere
lithosphere
mantle
currents caused by different temperatures; the force that mov…
the top of the mantle
the crust
the molten part of the earth
Convection current
currents caused by different temperatures; the force that mov…
asthenosphere
the top of the mantle
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
Since we are unable to directly sample…
What percentage of the total mass of t…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
proxy... Proxy data is biological, chemical, mineralogical and…
99%
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Absolute Age
Cenozoic Era
Epoch
Era
The geologic age of a fossil, or a geologic event or structur…
The Cenozoic Era is the most recent of the three major subdiv…
the beginning of a distinctive period in the history of anyth…
a date or an event forming the beginning of any distinctive p…
Absolute Age
The geologic age of a fossil, or a geologic event or structur…
Cenozoic Era
The Cenozoic Era is the most recent of the three major subdiv…
Chapter 8 Science: Changes on Earth
crust
mantle
core
landform
the outer layer of the Earth; where we live... (made up of hard…
the middle layer of Earth; made up of very hot igneous and me…
the innermost layer of Earth... (made up of metal)
features formed on Earth's crust (examples: mountains, hills,…
crust
the outer layer of the Earth; where we live... (made up of hard…
mantle
the middle layer of Earth; made up of very hot igneous and me…
47 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
What is the Earth's main source of ene…
What type of energy does the Sun and s…
What is evaporation?
What are the 3 states of water?
The sun
electromagnetic energy
The change in state from liquid to gas
ice, liquid water, and water vapor
What is the Earth's main source of ene…
The sun
What type of energy does the Sun and s…
electromagnetic energy
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
faults
hypocenter. (focus)
epicenter
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred.
The zone within Earth where rock displacement produces an ear…
The location on Earth's surface that lies directly above the…
earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
faults
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred.
13 terms
earth science Chapter 8
Fault
Focus
Epicenter
Seismograph
Large fracture in earth's crust and mantle.
Location on the inside of the earth where energy is first rel…
Spot on the earth's surface directly above the focus
A machine that records any motion in the ground during an ear…
Fault
Large fracture in earth's crust and mantle.
Focus
Location on the inside of the earth where energy is first rel…
19 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary: Chapter 8
Earthquake
Fault
Focus
Seismic Waves
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
A fracture in Earth along which movement has occured
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
Vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy rele…
Earthquake
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Fault
A fracture in Earth along which movement has occured
48 terms
Earth science Chapter 8
earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Faults
is the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of en…
is the point within Earth where the... earthquake starts.
is the location on the surface directly above the focus.
are fractures in Earth where movement has occurred.
earthquake
is the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of en…
Focus
is the point within Earth where the... earthquake starts.
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
13 terms
Chapter 8 Science - Earth in Space Vocabulary
sphere
rotate
axis
revolve
a body that has the shape of a ball or globe
to turn around
a real or imaginary line through the center of a spinning obj…
to move around another object
sphere
a body that has the shape of a ball or globe
rotate
to turn around
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
epicenter
fault
elastic rebound hypothesis
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
the explanation stating that when rocks are deformed, they br…
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
epicenter
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
22 terms
Chapter 8 vocabulary earth science
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic waves
Epicenter
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
The point within earth where an earthquake starts
The energy released by the earthquake travels in all directio…
The location on the surface directly above the focus
Earthquake
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
Focus
The point within earth where an earthquake starts
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
a movement of mass that is often destructive
the gradual movement downhill of loose soil, rock, gravel, etc
a flow of mixed earth debris containing a large amount of water
the downward falling or sliding of a mass of soil, detritus,…
mass movement
a movement of mass that is often destructive
creep
the gradual movement downhill of loose soil, rock, gravel, etc
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Crystallization
Erosion
Texture
Igenous Rock
the process by which mineral crystals form as molten rock cools
the transport of weathered materias and sediments by water, w…
the visible characteristics of a rock which include grain siz…
Rock that forms when molten rock solidifies
Crystallization
the process by which mineral crystals form as molten rock cools
Erosion
the transport of weathered materias and sediments by water, w…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Earthquake
Tsunami
Aftershock
Foreshock
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
The Japanese word for seismic sea wave
A small earthquake that follows the main earthquake
A small earthquake that preceded a major earthquake
Earthquake
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Tsunami
The Japanese word for seismic sea wave
16 terms
Earth science chapter 8 vocabulary
Volcano
Igneous
Extrusive volcanism
Intrusive volcanism
A depositions like mountain landform from solidified magma
Anything having to do with molten earth materials
When volcanoes form on top of the earths crust
When volcanoes form inside the crust
Volcano
A depositions like mountain landform from solidified magma
Igneous
Anything having to do with molten earth materials
13 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Uniformitarianism
Relative Age
Law of Superposition
Uncomformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Relative Age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
8 terms
Science Chapter 8 - Patterns in Earth's Atmophere
condensation
evaporation
precipitation
water cycle
the change of a gas into a liquid
the change of a liquid into a gas
any form of water that falls to earth
water changing states to move from the air to the earth
condensation
the change of a gas into a liquid
evaporation
the change of a liquid into a gas
22 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary- Earth Dynamics
isostasy
subsidence
uplift
stress
ideal theoretical balance of all large portions of Earth's li…
the gradual sinking of landforms to a lower level as a result…
the process or result of land being raised to a higher level,…
the force that causes Earth's crust to change its shape or vo…
isostasy
ideal theoretical balance of all large portions of Earth's li…
subsidence
the gradual sinking of landforms to a lower level as a result…
70 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems) Ash, Earths Layers
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
15 terms
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 8: Earth's Surface
core
crust
deposition
erosion
the innermost layer of earth
the outermost layer of earth
the dropping of sediment moved by water, wind, and ice
the movement of rock material from one place to another
core
the innermost layer of earth
crust
the outermost layer of earth
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
volcano
vent
pillow lava
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
came from the name for a Roman god
what a volcano forms when magma forces its way to the surface…
only forms underground
igneous
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
volcano
came from the name for a Roman god
22 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 8 Mass Movement
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A downslope movement of rock and soil over a failure surface(…
mass movement
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
creep
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
Chapter 8 Earth Science
Mass movement
Climate
Weight, resistance, trigger, water
Creep
The downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
__ determines the extent of mass movements
What are the variables that affect mass movements?
Slow, steady downhill flow of loose materials
Mass movement
The downslope movement of loose sediments and weathered rock…
Climate
__ determines the extent of mass movements
32 terms
Mr Mark-Earth Science chapter 8 volcanoes
lahar
a Roman god
igneous
stratovolcano
a mudslide created by a volcano
the term volcano originally comes from the name for
Volcanoes are made up of ________rocks
the most common type of volcano structure is
lahar
a mudslide created by a volcano
a Roman god
the term volcano originally comes from the name for
71 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
Burial Metamorphism
Contact Metamorphism
Differential Stress
Dynamic Metamorphism
Metamorphism due only to the consequences of very deep burial
Metamorphism caused by heat conducted into country rock from…
A condition causing a material to experience a push or pull i…
Metamorphism that occurs as a consequence of shearing alone,…
Burial Metamorphism
Metamorphism due only to the consequences of very deep burial
Contact Metamorphism
Metamorphism caused by heat conducted into country rock from…
22 terms
Earth Science chapter 8
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Lithospere
Biosphere
All of the gasses
all of the water
all of the rocks
all of the organic
Atmosphere
All of the gasses
Hydrosphere
all of the water
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