Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary earth science"

105 terms
Earth Science SOL Vocabulary
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary
biosphere
lithosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth; 78% nitrogen, 21% ox…
the surface of waters of Earth and the water vapor in the atm…
biosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
lithosphere
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
23 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science Vocabulary
Earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
the point where energy from an earthquake originates
waves traveling through Earth transferring energy released du…
Earthquake
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fault
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
125 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary
Abrasion
Absolute Age
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Large body of air
Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surfac…
Abrasion
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Absolute Age
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Earth Science Vocabulary
igneous
metamorphic
sedimentary
rock cycle
rocks formed from cooled magma or lava
rocks that have changed because of intense heat or extreme pr…
rocks formed when layers of sediments were pressed and cement…
sequence of events in which rocks are formed, destroyed, alte…
igneous
rocks formed from cooled magma or lava
metamorphic
rocks that have changed because of intense heat or extreme pr…
33 terms
Earth Science (Geology) Vocabulary
Deposition
Fault
Vent
Rock Cycle
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
An opening from which lava and gases from the Earth's interio…
A series of natural processes by which rocks are slowly chang…
Deposition
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
Fault
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
150 terms
EARTH SCIENCE-SLO Vocabulary
microscope
cell theory
cell wall
cell membrane
an instrument that makes small objects look larger.
all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and other orga…
controls which substances pass in and out of the cell, made o…
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger.
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Space and Earth Science Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1: Introduction to Earth Science Vocabulary
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
the science that examines Earth, its forms and composition, a…
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomenon
the scientific study of the atmosphere and the atmospheric ph…
Earth Science
the name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
Geology
the science that examines Earth, its forms and composition, a…
26 terms
Earth Science Mid Term Vocabulary
Density
Topographic maps
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
how tightly packed atoms are
Maps that show Earth's highs and lows.
Earth's outer shell, including the crust and uppermost mantle.
all of Earth's water
Density
how tightly packed atoms are
Topographic maps
Maps that show Earth's highs and lows.
Earth Science Vocabulary
landform
topography
weathering
erosion
a natural land shape of feature
surface landforms of an area
the process of breaking down rock by natural means or forces.
the process of moving sediment by wind, water, or ice.
landform
a natural land shape of feature
topography
surface landforms of an area
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
Earth Science Vocabulary
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
35 terms
Earth/Space Science Vocabulary
anemometer
axis
barometer
cardinal points or directions
spinning cups - measure wind speed
an imaginary line of spin through Earth's center
measures air pressure
north, south, east, west
anemometer
spinning cups - measure wind speed
axis
an imaginary line of spin through Earth's center
36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
15 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Set 1
lava
magma
fault
constructive process
Hot, melted rock that pours from volcanoes.
Molten rock inside a volcano below the earth's crust
The area where two or more tectonic plates meet and show move…
Help build up the Earth, either by depositing soil or silt in…
lava
Hot, melted rock that pours from volcanoes.
magma
Molten rock inside a volcano below the earth's crust
20 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Set 2
mechanical weathering
glacier
delta
sea arch
Also known as physical weathering. A type of weathering that…
A huge sheet of slowly moving ice
A deposit of sediment that builds up at a river's mouth
A formation made when waves first carve away softer rock in t…
mechanical weathering
Also known as physical weathering. A type of weathering that…
glacier
A huge sheet of slowly moving ice
42 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary
Astronomical Seasons
Cap cloud
Climate
Cloud
when astronomers and scientists use the dates of equinoxes an…
a fog cloud on top of a mountain
weather averaged over a long-period of time (i.e. years - hun…
little tiny droplets (liquid) of water
Astronomical Seasons
when astronomers and scientists use the dates of equinoxes an…
Cap cloud
a fog cloud on top of a mountain
16 terms
Dolen: Science: Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
conduction
radiation
convection
crust
heat moves between things that are touching
heat moves through space or air (ex: sun)
heat moves through heated fluid (ex: water)
we live on this layer
conduction
heat moves between things that are touching
radiation
heat moves through space or air (ex: sun)
Introduction to Earth Science Vocabulary
Earth Science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
The name for all the science that collectively seek to unders…
The science that examines Earth, its form and composition, an…
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena.
The scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
The name for all the science that collectively seek to unders…
geology
The science that examines Earth, its form and composition, an…
Earth Science Vocabulary
biosphere
lithosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth; 78% nitrogen, 21% ox…
the surface of waters of Earth and the water vapor in the atm…
biosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
lithosphere
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
8 terms
Earth Science vocabulary
conserve
resource
fossil fuels
inability
To save by using carefully or save
Anything that can be used to produce (make) something else
the buried remains (leftovers)... of ancient plants and animals…
NOT able to do something
conserve
To save by using carefully or save
resource
Anything that can be used to produce (make) something else
30 terms
Earth Science Unit 3: Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
earthquake
focus
epicenter
seismometer
Natural vibrations, sometimes destructive, that radiate from…
An Earthquake's point of origin within the Earth.
A location along the Earth's surface that is directly above t…
An instrument that detects vibrations of the ground
earthquake
Natural vibrations, sometimes destructive, that radiate from…
focus
An Earthquake's point of origin within the Earth.
25 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary 3
Ellipse
El Nino
Equinox
Evaporation
closed curve around two fixed points known as the foci
Condition in the Pacific Ocean when seasonal upwelling of dee…
Time at which the sun is directly above the equator every pla…
Change in phase from a liquid to a gas . Also known as- Vapor…
Ellipse
closed curve around two fixed points known as the foci
El Nino
Condition in the Pacific Ocean when seasonal upwelling of dee…
18 terms
Space Vocabulary Earth Science
Universal law of gravitation
Satellite
Bound Orbits
Unbound Orbits
States that any two bodies in the universe attract each other…
An artificial body placed in orbit around the earth or moon o…
An object on a bound orbit follows the same path around the S…
An object on an unbound orbit approaches the Sun just once an…
Universal law of gravitation
States that any two bodies in the universe attract each other…
Satellite
An artificial body placed in orbit around the earth or moon o…
25 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary 4
Jet Stream
Joule
Kinetic energy
land breeze
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Used to measure energy
energy in motion
blows at night from the land to sea
Jet Stream
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Joule
Used to measure energy
Earth Science: Earth History
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
Pangea
Convection Current
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
super continent consisting of all known continents fitting to…
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Seafloor Spreading
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
25 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary 2
Cloud
Cold Front
Condensation
Condensation Nuclei
Large mass of water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the…
Boundary between a mass of cold air and the WARMER air it is…
process by which a gas changes into liquid. How a cloud forms.
Particles suspended in air on which Condensation occurs
Cloud
Large mass of water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the…
Cold Front
Boundary between a mass of cold air and the WARMER air it is…
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
Earth Science Vocabulary
Astronomy
Meteorology
Geology
Oceanography
The study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere
The study of the Earth's atmosphere.
The study of materials that make up Earth and the processes t…
The study of Earth's oceans including the creatures that inha…
Astronomy
The study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere
Meteorology
The study of the Earth's atmosphere.
Earth Science Vocabulary
biosphere
lithosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth; 78% nitrogen, 21% ox…
the surface of waters of Earth and the water vapor in the atm…
biosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
lithosphere
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
12 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Moon
New Moon
Waxing Crescent Moon
First Quarter Moon
Waxing Gibbous Moon
The moon is between the Sun and Earth. You can't see the ligh…
The lighted side of the Moon begins to show. The Moon is waxi…
The Moon is a quarter of the way around Earth. This is someti…
The Moon is almost full. The lighted part you see is on the r…
New Moon
The moon is between the Sun and Earth. You can't see the ligh…
Waxing Crescent Moon
The lighted side of the Moon begins to show. The Moon is waxi…
Vocabulary Earth Science HCS
area
conclusion
controlled conditions
data
a flat piece of ground or open space; the surface of a solid…
an answer to a question based on analyzing data and observati…
a list of all of the things that the experimenter made sure w…
recorded observations and measurements
area
a flat piece of ground or open space; the surface of a solid…
conclusion
an answer to a question based on analyzing data and observati…
23 terms
Earth Science: Measuring Earth Vocabulary
Altitude
Atmosphere
Contour Interval
Contour Line
the angle of a celestial body above the observer's horizon.
the sphere of gases that surrounds a planet.
the difference in elevation indicated by two consecutive cont…
a line on a map connecting equal points of elevation.
Altitude
the angle of a celestial body above the observer's horizon.
Atmosphere
the sphere of gases that surrounds a planet.
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
105 terms
Earth Science SOL Vocabulary
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
76 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary for Year
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.... (Barometer or Anem…
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
Earth Science
1. The same objects have the
2. The closer isolines are...
3. The altitude of Polaris equals...
4. The Earth rotates
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
the latitude of the observer... Diagram: Observer's altitude = 6…
West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day
1. The same objects have the
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
2. The closer isolines are...
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
41 terms
MCA Earth Science Vocabulary
Barometer
Cleavage
Coriolis Effect
Eclipse
An instrument that measures air pressure
The way a mineral breaks
Curvature of wind or water due to the earth spinning
The apparent disappearance of an object in the solar system d…
Barometer
An instrument that measures air pressure
Cleavage
The way a mineral breaks
32 terms
Earth Science
nonrenewable resources
renewable resources
inexhaustible resources
natural resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
resources that will never run out such as the Sun, wind, and…
any of the useful minerals and other materials that people ta…
nonrenewable resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
renewable resources
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
Earth Science Vocabulary
moon
sun
tilt
axis
any natural body that revolves around a planet
the star at the center of our solar system
to move or shift so as to slant or tip
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
moon
any natural body that revolves around a planet
sun
the star at the center of our solar system
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
125 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary
Abrasion
Absolute Age
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Large body of air
Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surfac…
Abrasion
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Absolute Age
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Earth science chapter 16 vocabulary
weather
humidity
relative humidity
dew point
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The amount of water vapor in the air
The percentage of water vapor that is actually in the air com…
The temperature at which condensation begins
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
Earth Science Vocabulary
weathering
erosion
deposition
sediment
the mechanical and chemical processes that change earth's sur…
the moving of weathered material or sediment from one locatio…
the laying down or settling of eroded material
rock material that forms where rocks are broken down into sma…
weathering
the mechanical and chemical processes that change earth's sur…
erosion
the moving of weathered material or sediment from one locatio…
25 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary 1
Abrasion
Absolute Age
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Large body of air
Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surfac…
Abrasion
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Absolute Age
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
36 terms
Earth Science
soil
humus
horizon
soil profile
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
each different layer of soil
all the vertical layers or horizons that make up a soil in a…
soil
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
humus
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
Earth Science Vocabulary
crust
mantle
core
constructive force
the rocky surface that makes up the top of the lithosphere an…
the layer of Earth beneath the crust, it is believed to be sl…
layer of the Earth beneath the mantle, it is believed to be m…
the building of land or the creation of landforms
crust
the rocky surface that makes up the top of the lithosphere an…
mantle
the layer of Earth beneath the crust, it is believed to be sl…
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary
sediment
deposition
geological features
canyon
bits of rock, sand, and soil
the dropping off of sediment
natural features on earth's surface
a deep valley with very steep sides
sediment
bits of rock, sand, and soil
deposition
the dropping off of sediment
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