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Study sets matching "vocabulary esl praxis"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary esl praxis"

166 terms
ESL PRAXIS
Reduced Speech
Invented
Stereotyping
Fossilization
...
...
...
...
Reduced Speech
...
Invented
...
208 terms
ESL Praxis
Aspiration
Audio- Lingual Method
Basal Reading Approach
Behaviorism
A strong burst of air that accompanies either the release or…
A style of teaching based on behaviorist theory. This approac…
Skills are taught in a sequential order based on material con…
Theory that learning is a process of stimulus and response. W…
Aspiration
A strong burst of air that accompanies either the release or…
Audio- Lingual Method
A style of teaching based on behaviorist theory. This approac…
95 terms
ESL praxis
Krashen's Hypotheses
Chomsky's idea
SRR
BICS
Natural order, acquisition-learning, monitor, comprehensible…
Language acquisition device allows children to learn language
Stimulus response reinforcement; used in behaviorist methods
Basic interpersonal communication skills; 1-2 years; Cummins
Krashen's Hypotheses
Natural order, acquisition-learning, monitor, comprehensible…
Chomsky's idea
Language acquisition device allows children to learn language
44 terms
Phonetic symbols for ESL Praxis
i
ɜ
æ
a
as in sit [sit]
as in pen [pɜn]
as in hat [hæt]
as in pot [pat]
i
as in sit [sit]
ɜ
as in pen [pɜn]
19 terms
ESL Praxis
phonology
phoneme
monophthong sounds
i:
study of the sound system of the language
smallest sound made
vowel sound with one phoneme - bit or bee; for or four
bee or read
phonology
study of the sound system of the language
phoneme
smallest sound made
208 terms
ESL Praxis
Aspiration
Audio- Lingual Method
Basal Reading Approach
Behaviorism
A strong burst of air that accompanies either the release or…
A style of teaching based on behaviorist theory. This approac…
Skills are taught in a sequential order based on material con…
Theory that learning is a process of stimulus and response. W…
Aspiration
A strong burst of air that accompanies either the release or…
Audio- Lingual Method
A style of teaching based on behaviorist theory. This approac…
68 terms
ESL PRAXIS
English Phonemes
BF Skinner
Schema
Code switching
26 letters/ 44 phonemes
Behaviorist Theory of Language Learning. Children enter the w…
The framework around information that is stored in the brain.
mixing of words in L1 and L2
English Phonemes
26 letters/ 44 phonemes
BF Skinner
Behaviorist Theory of Language Learning. Children enter the w…
321 terms
Praxis ESL
Word Choice
Conjunctions
Word Order
Subject-Verb Agreement
Word choice refers to a writer's selection of words as determ…
a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate…
the sequence of words in a sentence, especially as governed b…
Subject verb agreement simply means the subject and verb must…
Word Choice
Word choice refers to a writer's selection of words as determ…
Conjunctions
a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate…
252 terms
ESL PRAXIS
Invented Spelling
Reduced Speech... (rɪ.ˈdjuːst) (spiːtʃ)
The Diphthongs
velum (ˈviː.ləm)
the process of writing a word one doesn't know how to spell,…
What is reduced speech? It's when a speaker reduces or elimin…
The process of moving from one vowel sound to another is call…
a muscular flap that closes off the nasopharynx during swallo…
Invented Spelling
the process of writing a word one doesn't know how to spell,…
Reduced Speech... (rɪ.ˈdjuːst) (spiːtʃ)
What is reduced speech? It's when a speaker reduces or elimin…
ESL Praxis
Which of the following resources would…
Which of the following offices would w…
Youth and family services
TESOL
www.eslcafe.com
Autism Advisory committee and welcomes parental involvement.
is a government agency whose mission is to intervene in domes…
is a professional organization of teacher of English to speak…
Which of the following resources would…
www.eslcafe.com
Which of the following offices would w…
Autism Advisory committee and welcomes parental involvement.
137 terms
ESL Praxis Study Guide
Direct Method
Direct Method
Grammar-Translation
Grammar- Translation
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
Taught in native language. Focus on memorizing vocabulary tra…
develops appreciation of the target language as well as teach…
Direct Method
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
Direct Method
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
273 terms
ESL Praxis
The subsystems of language (6)
Graphemes
Consonant diagraphs
Negative transfer
Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Lexicon, Discourse, Pragmatics
Letters
When 2 consonants represent a single phoneme
When language learners apply rules from their native language…
The subsystems of language (6)
Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Lexicon, Discourse, Pragmatics
Graphemes
Letters
20 terms
ESL PRAXIS
Direct method
Inductive approach
Total Physical Response
Audiolingual method
learners use L2 mainly; conversation practice; read aloud; di…
learners have to figure out the rules as they go along
teacher and learner act out meanings of words
repetition; memorize dialogues; drill and practice; learn to…
Direct method
learners use L2 mainly; conversation practice; read aloud; di…
Inductive approach
learners have to figure out the rules as they go along
5 terms
ESL Praxis 5361-Pragmatics
Pragmatics
Register
discourse
discourse analysis
describes the hidden rules of communication shared by native…
changing language according to the needs of a listener or sit…
speaking, reading, and writing in a language fluently
the study of the ways in which language is used in texts and…
Pragmatics
describes the hidden rules of communication shared by native…
Register
changing language according to the needs of a listener or sit…
9 terms
ESL Praxis: Phonology
What sounds in English are problematic…
What common intonation (rise and fall…
What common intonation occurs in quest…
What types of utterances have a rising…
/r/ is problematic for Spanish speakers because they have two…
Intensifiers and stressed (indeed, utterly, absolute).... Tonic…
Fall (Falling tone): sense of finality in the statement, excl…
Yes/ no questions... Repetition, clarifications.
What sounds in English are problematic…
/r/ is problematic for Spanish speakers because they have two…
What common intonation (rise and fall…
Intensifiers and stressed (indeed, utterly, absolute).... Tonic…
91 terms
ESL Praxis
Free Morphemes
Syntax
Pragmatics
Linguistics
Base in root words that can stand alone
Governs the form or structure of a language (sentences). Spec…
The way language is used to communicate. The how, why, when,…
The study of language
Free Morphemes
Base in root words that can stand alone
Syntax
Governs the form or structure of a language (sentences). Spec…
7 terms
ESL Praxis 5361-Semantics
Semantics
presupposition
implication
denotation
component of the language that conveys the meaning system (ca…
inferring or implying
includes presupposition; what I am implying
literal meaning
Semantics
component of the language that conveys the meaning system (ca…
presupposition
inferring or implying
66 terms
esl praxis practice
morphology
phonology
lexicon
lexical stem
study of the behavior of morphemes. Morpheme is the smallest…
Phoneme is the smallest unit of sound significant to meaning
a language user's knowledge of words
n't
morphology
study of the behavior of morphemes. Morpheme is the smallest…
phonology
Phoneme is the smallest unit of sound significant to meaning
Phonetic symbols for ESL Praxis
i
ɜ
æ
a
as in sit [sit]
as in pen [pɜn]
as in hat [hæt]
as in pot [pat]
i
as in sit [sit]
ɜ
as in pen [pɜn]
22 terms
ESL Praxis: Morphology
Which affixes in English are comparabl…
How do morphemes combine to create wor…
How does the suffix -ly affect the wor…
What is the root for the word "impossi…
Inflectional affixes serve a grammatical function, eg: "ed",…
Many English words are formed by combining a free morpheme wi…
The suffix -ly changes the word meaning. It was a verb (actio…
POSS
Which affixes in English are comparabl…
Inflectional affixes serve a grammatical function, eg: "ed",…
How do morphemes combine to create wor…
Many English words are formed by combining a free morpheme wi…
215 terms
ESL Praxis
Teacher observation
Verbal actions
contrastive analysis (CA)
Saphir - Whorf hypothesis
observes the behaviors of individual students
promising, apologizing, and inviting.
analysis of differences
each language, because of its linguistic uniqueness, creates,…
Teacher observation
observes the behaviors of individual students
Verbal actions
promising, apologizing, and inviting.
57 terms
ESL praxis
Learning view
Acquisition view
Krashen's theory of second Language ac…
Learning/acquisition hypothesis
Second language is learned by teaching systematically in parts.
Second language is acquired through use of the language in ma…
Five interrelated hypotheses... Learning/acquisition hypothesis,…
learning-conscious process involving studying rules and vocab…
Learning view
Second language is learned by teaching systematically in parts.
Acquisition view
Second language is acquired through use of the language in ma…
44 terms
Phonetic symbols for ESL Praxis
i
ɜ
æ
a
as in sit [sit]
as in pen [pɜn]
as in hat [hæt]
as in pot [pat]
i
as in sit [sit]
ɜ
as in pen [pɜn]
198 terms
ESL Praxis
Active Voice
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Affricatives
Allophones
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
Produced by briefly stopping air and then releasing it with s…
All the phones that make up a phoneme.
Active Voice
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
13 terms
ESL Praxis 5361-Morphology
Morphology
Morpheme
Smallest morphemes
Bound morpheme
study of the structure of words and word formation
unit of meaning
a and I
have to have a root to have meaning
Morphology
study of the structure of words and word formation
Morpheme
unit of meaning
15 terms
ESL Praxis 5361-Assessment
Formal assessment
Informal assessment
Validity
Cultural bias
standardized; high-stakes
portfolio, conferencing, oral interviews, teacher observation…
measures what it asserts to measure
questions about holidays, birthdays of American culture, etc.
Formal assessment
standardized; high-stakes
Informal assessment
portfolio, conferencing, oral interviews, teacher observation…
57 terms
ESL Praxis-5361 Phonology
Linguistics
Components of Linguistics (5)
phoneme
Phonology
the study of language
1. Phonology... 2. Morphology... 3. Syntax... 4. Semantics... 5. Pragmatics
smallest sound made
study of the sound system of the language
Linguistics
the study of language
Components of Linguistics (5)
1. Phonology... 2. Morphology... 3. Syntax... 4. Semantics... 5. Pragmatics
25 terms
ESL Praxis
Conjunction
Subject Verb Agreement
Avoidance
Displacement
And, but , if
Subject & verb must agree, both me singular or plural
Avoid dealing with a stressor
Talking about things that arent happening now
Conjunction
And, but , if
Subject Verb Agreement
Subject & verb must agree, both me singular or plural
58 terms
ESL Praxis
morphology
negative transfer
audio lingual approach
velar
how words are formed (ex: compound words)
your prior knowledge gets in the way of learning new grammar…
listen & memorize phrases; fast
back of tongue goes up to back of roof of mouth
morphology
how words are formed (ex: compound words)
negative transfer
your prior knowledge gets in the way of learning new grammar…
9 terms
ESL Praxis: Phonology Praxis 5361
What sounds in English are problematic…
What common intonation (rise and fall…
What common intonation occurs in quest…
What types of utterances have a rising…
/r/ is problematic for Spanish speakers because they have two…
Intensifiers and stressed (indeed, utterly, absolute).... Tonic…
Fall (Falling tone): sense of finality in the statement, excl…
Yes/ no questions... Repetition, clarifications.
What sounds in English are problematic…
/r/ is problematic for Spanish speakers because they have two…
What common intonation (rise and fall…
Intensifiers and stressed (indeed, utterly, absolute).... Tonic…
137 terms
ESL Praxis Study Guide
Direct Method
Direct Method
Grammar-Translation
Grammar- Translation
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
Taught in native language. Focus on memorizing vocabulary tra…
develops appreciation of the target language as well as teach…
Direct Method
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
Direct Method
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
137 terms
ESL Praxis Study Guide
Direct Method
Direct Method
Grammar-Translation
Grammar- Translation
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
Taught in native language. Focus on memorizing vocabulary tra…
develops appreciation of the target language as well as teach…
Direct Method
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
Direct Method
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
26 terms
ESL Praxis part 1
Active Voice
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Affricatives
Allophones
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
Produced by briefly stopping air and then releasing it with s…
All the phones that make up a phoneme.
Active Voice
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
90 terms
Praxis ESL exam
Acculturation
Affective filter
Allophone
Allophones
(U-curve Hypothesis: Honeymoon, Hostility, Humor, Home) The p…
The affective filter controls how much input the learner come…
Phones that makeup one phoneme ("All the phones")
Phones that make up one phoneme ("All the phones")
Acculturation
(U-curve Hypothesis: Honeymoon, Hostility, Humor, Home) The p…
Affective filter
The affective filter controls how much input the learner come…
25 terms
ESL Praxis part 2
Enculturation
English Immersion
Equal Education Opportunities Act of 1…
ESL
The process of learning one's culture.
Almost 100% of class is taught in the target language (Englis…
Required schools to design language programs to climate langu…
English as a Second Language
Enculturation
The process of learning one's culture.
English Immersion
Almost 100% of class is taught in the target language (Englis…
50 terms
ESL Praxis
Holistic approach
Cultural Assimilation
Metalinguistic
Homophone
Post-reading strstegy that focusses on asking questions on ho…
ELL slowly adopts language and customs of his or her new cult…
Applying rules of a given language example: adding plural end…
Phonetically spelled differently example: feet, feat
Holistic approach
Post-reading strstegy that focusses on asking questions on ho…
Cultural Assimilation
ELL slowly adopts language and customs of his or her new cult…
207 terms
ESL Praxis Test Terms
Traditional Linguistics
Applied Linguistics
Structural Linguistics
Contrastive Linguistics
Perspective approach to grammar that emphasized correct speec…
Type of linguistics that identifies and offers solutions to l…
Popular between 1930 and 1960; founded by Bloomfield; emphasi…
Type of linguistics that emphasizes difference between L1 (na…
Traditional Linguistics
Perspective approach to grammar that emphasized correct speec…
Applied Linguistics
Type of linguistics that identifies and offers solutions to l…
26 terms
ESL Praxis- ESL Lingo
IATEFL
TESOL
ACTFL
NAFSA
International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign…
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. They publ…
The American Council of Teaching of Foreign Languages
National Association of International Educators
IATEFL
International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign…
TESOL
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. They publ…
207 terms
ESL Praxis Test Terms
Traditional Linguistics
Applied Linguistics
Structural Linguistics
Contrastive Linguistics
Perspective approach to grammar that emphasized correct speec…
Type of linguistics that identifies and offers solutions to l…
Popular between 1930 and 1960; founded by Bloomfield; emphasi…
Type of linguistics that emphasizes difference between L1 (na…
Traditional Linguistics
Perspective approach to grammar that emphasized correct speec…
Applied Linguistics
Type of linguistics that identifies and offers solutions to l…
26 terms
ESL Praxis part 3
L1
L2
Language Experience Approach
Lao v. Nichols
First Language
Second language
A teaching approach where students dictate stories to the tea…
Court case that determined that schools cannot discriminate b…
L1
First Language
L2
Second language
5 terms
ESL Praxis 5362
Behaviorist model LA
Nativist model
Sociocultural theory
Steven Pinker
BF Skinner. Learn language as first response to stimuli
Noam Chomsky. All born with a universal grammar with a langua…
Result of interpersonal communication. Scaffolding. Vygotsky
Communication evolved for survival
Behaviorist model LA
BF Skinner. Learn language as first response to stimuli
Nativist model
Noam Chomsky. All born with a universal grammar with a langua…
106 terms
ESL PRAXIS Prep
Code Switching
Negative Transfer
Total Physical Response- TPR... James Asher
Communicative Language Teaching
Alternate between 2 or more languages in a single conversation
Interference of previous knowledge with new learning
Emphasizes direct association with the target language (act o…
Encourages interaction with others in the target language- ... D…
Code Switching
Alternate between 2 or more languages in a single conversation
Negative Transfer
Interference of previous knowledge with new learning
13 terms
extra practice ESL praxis
Dangling modifier
A SENTENCE FRAGMENT
Broken english
balanced reading approach
is an ambiguous grammatical construct, whereby a grammatical…
fails to be a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by i…
refers to a poorly spoken or ill-written version of the Engli…
teachers integrate... instruction with authentic reading and wri…
Dangling modifier
is an ambiguous grammatical construct, whereby a grammatical…
A SENTENCE FRAGMENT
fails to be a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by i…
137 terms
ESL Praxis Study Guide
Direct Method
Direct Method
Grammar-Translation
Grammar- Translation
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
Taught in native language. Focus on memorizing vocabulary tra…
develops appreciation of the target language as well as teach…
Direct Method
Students listen to dialogue, then answer a series of question…
Direct Method
use target language in instruction to communicate and think i…
8 terms
ESL Praxis: Instructional Methods
Total Physical Response
Audio-Lingual
Content-Based Instruction
Communicative Language Teaching
Spoken language is emphasized more than written language. Com…
Students learn language through stimulus response techniques.…
The teacher sets the learning objectives which include both l…
Attempts by learners to communicate with the language are enc…
Total Physical Response
Spoken language is emphasized more than written language. Com…
Audio-Lingual
Students learn language through stimulus response techniques.…
141 terms
ESL Praxis Practice
Universal Grammar
LAD
Generative Grammar
Deep Structure
Chomsky-no dialect or language is more complex or sophisticat…
Language Aquisition Device
set of rules that could be used to produce language
our ideas, what we mean-derive meaning from social context
Universal Grammar
Chomsky-no dialect or language is more complex or sophisticat…
LAD
Language Aquisition Device
140 terms
ESL Praxis II
Active Voice
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Affricatives
Allophones
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
Produced by briefly stopping air and then releasing it with s…
All the phones that make up a phoneme.
Active Voice
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
140 terms
ESL Praxis II-syntax
Active Voice
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Affricatives
Allophones
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
Produced by briefly stopping air and then releasing it with s…
All the phones that make up a phoneme.
Active Voice
When the subject performs the action in the sentence (John ca…
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Hypothesis that states nervousness, boredom, and anxiety have…
207 terms
ESL Praxis Test Terms
Traditional Linguistics
Applied Linguistics
Structural Linguistics
Contrastive Linguistics
Perspective approach to grammar that emphasized correct speec…
Type of linguistics that identifies and offers solutions to l…
Popular between 1930 and 1960; founded by Bloomfield; emphasi…
Type of linguistics that emphasizes difference between L1 (na…
Traditional Linguistics
Perspective approach to grammar that emphasized correct speec…
Applied Linguistics
Type of linguistics that identifies and offers solutions to l…
26 terms
ESL Praxis part 3
Cognates
Community Language Learning
Consonant Cluster
Consonant Digraph
Words with similar roots in L1 and L2. Should be pointed out…
Counselor facilitates and supports students in communicating…
A group of 2 or more consonants together with no intervening…
Two consonants pronounced a a single sound (ch, sh, th, wh).
Cognates
Words with similar roots in L1 and L2. Should be pointed out…
Community Language Learning
Counselor facilitates and supports students in communicating…
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