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Study sets matching "vocabulary exam chapter 3 anatomy physiology"

587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Cells
Electrolytes
Generalized cell
Nucleus
Building block of all living things
Metals carrying an electrical charge
Typical structures and functions common to all cells
Control center of the cell
Cells
Building block of all living things
Electrolytes
Metals carrying an electrical charge
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
48 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 3
Cell
Plasma membrane
Plasma membrane parts
Cytoplasm
Basic functional unit of all living things.
forms outer boundary of a cell. Separates extracellular fluid…
Contains phospholipids: hydrophilic heads, and hydrophobic ta…
Composed of a gel like fluid called cytosol, surrounding all…
Cell
Basic functional unit of all living things.
Plasma membrane
forms outer boundary of a cell. Separates extracellular fluid…
30 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3
SIZE AND SHAPE OF CELLS
CELLS ARE MADE OF
FORMS OUTER BOUNDARY, COMPOSED OF A TH…
2 TINY SUBUNITS OF RIBOSOMAL RNA, MAY…
VARY IN SIZE AND SHAPE & ARE MICROSCOPIC
CYTOPLASM, ORGANELLES, SURROUNDED BY PLASMA MEMBRANE
PLASMA MEMBRANE OF A CELL
RIBOSOMES
SIZE AND SHAPE OF CELLS
VARY IN SIZE AND SHAPE & ARE MICROSCOPIC
CELLS ARE MADE OF
CYTOPLASM, ORGANELLES, SURROUNDED BY PLASMA MEMBRANE
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
forms a cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell's…
consists of all of the cellular contents between the plasma m…
the liquid portion of cytoplasm that consists mostly of water…
specialized structures inside cells that have characteristic…
plasma membrane
forms a cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell's…
cytoplasm
consists of all of the cellular contents between the plasma m…
27 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
cytoplasm
permeable
pinocytosis
endocytosis
mass of fluid that surrounds the cell nucleus
open passage or penetration
process by which a cell engulfs droplets of fluids from its s…
process by which substances move through a cell membrane and…
cytoplasm
mass of fluid that surrounds the cell nucleus
permeable
open passage or penetration
917 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
What are the different concepts in the…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Plasma membrane/Cell membrane
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
The outer boundary of the cell
PHYSICAL ISOLATION - Physical barrier that separates the insi…
What are the different concepts in the…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Foundations Chapter 3
Integumentary system
Skin is made of 2 layers
Epidermis
Dermis
Is composed of the skin, hair, nails and cutaneous glands
Epidermis and Dermis
The skins most superficial layer composed of stratified squam…
Deep to the epidermis is the dermis which is composed of loos…
Integumentary system
Is composed of the skin, hair, nails and cutaneous glands
Skin is made of 2 layers
Epidermis and Dermis
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Organelle
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
A part of a cell that performs a specialized function.
The selectively permeable outer boundary of a cell consisting…
The contents of a cell, excluding the nucleus and cell membra…
A cellular organelle enclosed by a double-layered, porous mem…
Organelle
A part of a cell that performs a specialized function.
Cell Membrane
The selectively permeable outer boundary of a cell consisting…
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
What are the different concepts in the…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Plasma membrane/Cell membrane
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
The outer boundary of the cell
PHYSICAL ISOLATION - Physical barrier that separates the insi…
What are the different concepts in the…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
91 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology Review - Chambers
What are cells?
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
What is the plasma membrane?
What is the function of the plasma mem…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
It forms the cell's flexible outer surface that surrounds and…
It separates the cell's interior environment from the exterio…
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
73 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough E.R
Smooth E.R
- site for protein synthesis... - attached to other organelles o…
- carries substances from point A to point B... - located in the…
- make proteins and prepare them for transport... - located arou…
- assist in lipid metabolism and detoxification... - located in…
Ribosomes
- site for protein synthesis... - attached to other organelles o…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
- carries substances from point A to point B... - located in the…
27 terms
Anatomy physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
a, an
adipis
blast-forming
chondr
absence, not, without
fat
to make
cartilage
a, an
absence, not, without
adipis
fat
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
cell membrane
passive transport
types of passive transport
diffusion
allows movement into and out of the cell ... -semi permeable mem…
-no input of cellular energy... -does not require ATP... -moves sub…
diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, filtration
movement of solute from an area of high concentration to an a…
cell membrane
allows movement into and out of the cell ... -semi permeable mem…
passive transport
-no input of cellular energy... -does not require ATP... -moves sub…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch 3 Aloor
Cell
cells in the human body
Differentiation
differentiation
the basic organizational structure of the human body
50-100 Trillion Cells
when cells specialize
Cells very in size and shape due to their unique function
Cell
the basic organizational structure of the human body
cells in the human body
50-100 Trillion Cells
100 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy/Physiology
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
Anchoring Proteins
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
Bound to the inner or outer surface of the membrane and are e…
Attach the plasma membrane to other structures and stabilize…
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Integral Proteins
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
48 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary Terms
stem cells
cell doctrine
plasma membrane
eukaryote
A cell from which other types of more specialized cells origi…
Theory consisting of three basic principles: (1) All living t…
Membrane surrounding the cell, consisting of a phospholipid b…
An organism composed of cells with nuclei and internal membra…
stem cells
A cell from which other types of more specialized cells origi…
cell doctrine
Theory consisting of three basic principles: (1) All living t…
111 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
15 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY - CHAPTER 3
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
extremely thin, selective permeable, contain double layer of…
contain clean liquid called cytosol, a supportive cytoskeleto…
bounded by a double layered nuclear membrane, contains large…
find inside the nucleus, made of RNA and proteins
cell membrane
extremely thin, selective permeable, contain double layer of…
cytoplasm
contain clean liquid called cytosol, a supportive cytoskeleto…
50 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cutaneous membrane
epithelial membranes
membranes
mucous membrane
another name for skin
thin sheets of tissue lining the internal & external surfaces…
thin sheets or layers of pliable tissue
thin sheets of tissue lining the body cavities that open to t…
cutaneous membrane
another name for skin
epithelial membranes
thin sheets of tissue lining the internal & external surfaces…
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
A group of similiar cells specialized to perform a specific f…
One of the primary tissues; covers the surface of the body an…
A primary tissue; form and function extensively. Functions in…
The tissue that makes up your muscles. responsible for body m…
Tissue
A group of similiar cells specialized to perform a specific f…
Epithelial Tissue
One of the primary tissues; covers the surface of the body an…
109 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
What type of cell do not have a defined nucleus?
What type of cell has a defined nucleus?
What is made up of a phospholipid bilayer, proteins, and chol…
What is labeled with the ?
Prokaryote
What type of cell do not have a defined nucleus?
Eukaryote
What type of cell has a defined nucleus?
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 3
The Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Phospholipid bilayer
1) Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... 2…
General term for the material located between the plasma memb…
The fluid component of the cytoplasm; sometimes called intrac…
A two-layered arrangement of phosphate and lipid molecules th…
The Cell Theory
1) Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... 2…
Cytoplasm
General term for the material located between the plasma memb…
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Elements
Molecule
Atom
Protons
Makes up all matter, is the smallest unit that retains the un…
Made of two or more elements joined together.
Is the smallest recognizable unit of an element.
Inside of the nucleus contains positively charged particles c…
Elements
Makes up all matter, is the smallest unit that retains the un…
Molecule
Made of two or more elements joined together.
43 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Lysosomes
Lysosomes
Peroxisomes
Plasma Membrane
Membranous sac produced by the golgi apparatus
Organelle that contains digestive enzymes needed for intracel…
Contain enzymes that aid in detoxifying of drugs and toxins.
Selectively permeable barrier that regulates the passage of m…
Lysosomes
Membranous sac produced by the golgi apparatus
Lysosomes
Organelle that contains digestive enzymes needed for intracel…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 3
Skeletal Muscles
Cardiac Muscle
Gluteus Maximus
Masseter
voluntary muscles
heart
largest muscle (buttocks)
strongest muscle (mouth)
Skeletal Muscles
voluntary muscles
Cardiac Muscle
heart
917 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
What are the different concepts in the…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Plasma membrane/Cell membrane
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
The outer boundary of the cell
PHYSICAL ISOLATION - Physical barrier that separates the insi…
What are the different concepts in the…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
74 terms
Anatomy-Physiology: Chapter 3 [vocabulary]
active transport
adenosine triphosphate (atp)
anaphase
anaplasia
...
...
...
...
active transport
...
adenosine triphosphate (atp)
...
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
95 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 3
Cells
Cell Theory
Generalized Cell
Nucleus
the structural units of all living things
1. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of li…
demonstrates the typical features of cells
the control center of the cell; contains genetic information…
Cells
the structural units of all living things
Cell Theory
1. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of li…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
nucleus
cytoplasm
cell membrane
organelle
A cellular organelle enclosed by a double-layered, porous mem…
The contents of a cell, excluding the nucleus and cell membra…
The selectively permeable outer boundary of a cell consisting…
A part of a cell that performs a specialized function.
nucleus
A cellular organelle enclosed by a double-layered, porous mem…
cytoplasm
The contents of a cell, excluding the nucleus and cell membra…
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3
Define cell.
List the three major regions of of a g…
Describe the chemical composition of p…
Compare the structure and function of…
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
1. Plasma membrane- double layer of lipid molecules where pro…
-2 layers of phospholipids (glycolipids and cholesterol)... -Tai…
1. Tight junction- impermeable, prevent molecules form passin…
Define cell.
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
List the three major regions of of a g…
1. Plasma membrane- double layer of lipid molecules where pro…
27 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Fluid Mosaic Model
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Glycolipids
a model of a membrane that depicts the plasma membrane as an…
means water loving and it is a charged molecule with a polar…
means water fearing and it is an uncharged molecule with a no…
lipids with an attached sugar group, it is found only on the…
Fluid Mosaic Model
a model of a membrane that depicts the plasma membrane as an…
Hydrophilic
means water loving and it is a charged molecule with a polar…
57 terms
Anatomy+Physiology Chapter 3
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
chromatin
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
porous double membrane that is selectively permeable and has…
site of ribosomal production
DNA/protein for genetic material... -coiled ______ make up chrom…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
nuclear envelope
porous double membrane that is selectively permeable and has…
26 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 3 vocabulary
active transport
connective tissue
cytoplasm
diffusion
net movement of a substance across a membrane against a conce…
a primary tissue; form and function vary extensively. Functio…
the substance of a cell other than that of the nucleus
the spreading of particles in a gas or solution with a moveme…
active transport
net movement of a substance across a membrane against a conce…
connective tissue
a primary tissue; form and function vary extensively. Functio…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Adipose tissue
Apical surface
Atrophy
Basement membrane
areolar tissue in which fat cells predominate; fat
the free edge or surface of epithelial membranes
a decrease in size of an organ or body area
the lower surface of epithelium that rests on the connective…
Adipose tissue
areolar tissue in which fat cells predominate; fat
Apical surface
the free edge or surface of epithelial membranes
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Connective Tissue
One of the main type of connective tissues
firm flexible connective tissue
...
tissue that connects, supports, binds, or separates other tis…
Adipose Tissue
One of the main type of connective tissues
Cartilage
firm flexible connective tissue
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Active Transport
Apoptosis
Cell Membrane
Centrosome
Process that uses metabolic energy to move a substance across…
A type of programmed cell death, which is brought about by ac…
Selectively permeable outer boundary of a cell consisting of…
Cellular organelle consisting of two centrioles.
Active Transport
Process that uses metabolic energy to move a substance across…
Apoptosis
A type of programmed cell death, which is brought about by ac…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (chapter 3 vocabulary)
Glycolipids
Active Transport
Symport System
Plasma Membrane
Lipids with attached sugar groups.
Carrier-mediated facilitated diffusion, requires carrier prot…
(sym=same) If the two transported substances are moved in the…
(flexible) Defines the extent of a cell, thereby separating t…
Glycolipids
Lipids with attached sugar groups.
Active Transport
Carrier-mediated facilitated diffusion, requires carrier prot…
135 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
apo- (apoptosis)
cyt- (cytoplasma)
endo- (endoplasmic reticulum)
hyper- (hypertonic)
away, off, apart
cell
within
above
apo- (apoptosis)
away, off, apart
cyt- (cytoplasma)
cell
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Organelle
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cytoplasm
Structure that carries out a specific job in a cell.
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane bound org…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles.
Jellylike substance inside cells.
Organelle
Structure that carries out a specific job in a cell.
Prokaryote
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane bound org…
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Concentration Gradient
Crenation
Diffusion
Equilibrium
A difference in concentration from one region to another
State when the cell dehydrated and shrink in size
Molecules move from a region of higher concentration to a reg…
Continuous movement until molecules achieve an even distribut…
Concentration Gradient
A difference in concentration from one region to another
Crenation
State when the cell dehydrated and shrink in size
587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
nucleus
nuclear envelope/membrane
nucleoli
chromatin
control center of the cell
double membrane around the nucleus
site in the nucleus where ribosomes are assembled
DNA within the cell, in the form of bumpy threads
nucleus
control center of the cell
nuclear envelope/membrane
double membrane around the nucleus
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
passive expiration
active expiration
spirometer
ventilation
after inhalation, restores system to resting positon
we use muscular effort to push just a little farther after in…
how respirator flow, volumes and capacities are measured
first stage in gas exchange, the actual movement of airing th…
passive expiration
after inhalation, restores system to resting positon
active expiration
we use muscular effort to push just a little farther after in…
145 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
apo- (apoptosis)
cyt- (cytoplasma)
endo- (endoplasmic reticulum)
hyper- (hypertonic)
away, off, apart
cell
within
above
apo- (apoptosis)
away, off, apart
cyt- (cytoplasma)
cell
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3
The sodium level inside and outside of…
As a runner sprints down a track, her…
Three molecules that are important ene…
Which is a form of energy that is gene…
potential energy of a concentration gradient, since sodium is…
mechanical energy.
ATP, glycogen, and triglyceride.
Heat
The sodium level inside and outside of…
potential energy of a concentration gradient, since sodium is…
As a runner sprints down a track, her…
mechanical energy.
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