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Study sets matching "vocabulary genetics science 8"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary genetics science 8"

Science 8 Genetics Vocabulary
Cross-pollination
Genetics
Hybrid
Pollination
The transfer of pollen from an anther of a flower of one plan…
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
the offspring of two plants or animals of different species o…
the process by which pollen is transferred to the female repr…
Cross-pollination
The transfer of pollen from an anther of a flower of one plan…
Genetics
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
17 terms
Genetics Vocab Quiz (Science 8)
gene
diploid
chromosome
haploid
specific location on a chromosome that controls a certain trait
cells with a full number of chromosomes, the same as the orig…
strand of DNA containing genes
cell with half the number of chromosomes as the original cell
gene
specific location on a chromosome that controls a certain trait
diploid
cells with a full number of chromosomes, the same as the orig…
30 terms
8 Science Genetics
speciation
trait
selective breeding
adaptation
...
...
...
...
speciation
...
trait
...
28 terms
Science 8 Genetics Vocabulary ^_^
Cross-pollination
Anther
Genetics
Hybrid
The transfer of pollen from an anther of a flower of one plan…
the part of a stamen that contains the pollen.
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
the offspring of two plants or animals of different species o…
Cross-pollination
The transfer of pollen from an anther of a flower of one plan…
Anther
the part of a stamen that contains the pollen.
25 terms
Genetics Test Review (Science 8)
phosphate's location on DNA
sugar's location on DNA
where are the base pairs located
where is the hydrogen bond
on the backbone or sides
on the backbone or sides
they form the rungs of the DNA ladder
this weak bond is between each side of the base pair
phosphate's location on DNA
on the backbone or sides
sugar's location on DNA
on the backbone or sides
19 terms
Science 8-ILS Review/Genetics
Genetics
Punnett Square
Heredity
Genes
The study of heredity
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Genetics
The study of heredity
Punnett Square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
20 terms
Science 8-Genetics Vocabulary Words First 20
allele
amino acids
cells
characteristics
different forms of genes. A gene pair is made up of a pair of…
building blocks of proteins
the building blocks of living organisms that perform the func…
the distinctive qualities of living things.
allele
different forms of genes. A gene pair is made up of a pair of…
amino acids
building blocks of proteins
26 terms
8 Grade Science Genetics
Gregor Mendel
In all of Mendel's crosses, only one f…
In Mendel's F2 generation, the "lost"…
genes
cross- pollinated plants
F1 gneration
in about one fourth of the plants
Factors that control traits
Gregor Mendel
cross- pollinated plants
In all of Mendel's crosses, only one f…
F1 gneration
10 terms
Grade 8 Science- Genetics: The Science of Heredity Vocabulary
purebred
gene
probability
homozygous
A(n) organism is the offspring of many generations of organis…
In pea plants, the tall-stem allele and the short-stem allele…
Mendel used the principles of ________ to predict what percen…
An organism that has two dominant or two recessive alleles is…
purebred
A(n) organism is the offspring of many generations of organis…
gene
In pea plants, the tall-stem allele and the short-stem allele…
15 terms
Science 8: Genetics
What is Gregor Mendel famous for?
What is a pistil and what does it cont…
What is a stamen and what does it cont…
What were the color results of Mendel'…
- Experimented on pea plants... - first recorded study of how tr…
A pistil is the female reproductive cell (gamete) and the pis…
A stamen is the male reproductive cell (gamete) and the stame…
First generation - all purple (where did white go?)... Second ge…
What is Gregor Mendel famous for?
- Experimented on pea plants... - first recorded study of how tr…
What is a pistil and what does it cont…
A pistil is the female reproductive cell (gamete) and the pis…
17 terms
Genetics Vocab Science 8
allele
chromosome
diploid
dominant
different forms of a gene
strand of DNA containing genes
cells with a full number of chromosomes, the same as the orig…
trait that is always expressed
allele
different forms of a gene
chromosome
strand of DNA containing genes
11 terms
SOMS - Science - Genetics Vocabulary
Heredity
Purebred
Genes
Alleles
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
an organism that always produces offspring with the same form…
factors that control traits
different forms of a gene (ex: P or p)
Heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Purebred
an organism that always produces offspring with the same form…
15 terms
DSST CV Science 8 Unit 4 Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Chromosome
Allele
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
An alternative form of a gene.
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
11 terms
Science Vocabulary - heredity and genetics
heredity
genetics
homozygous
heterozygous
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the study of how traits are inherited
An organism with two of the same alleles for one trait. Pure…
An organism with two different alleles for one trait. One dom…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
the study of how traits are inherited
13 terms
Genetics Science Vocabulary
Chromosome
DNA
Genes
Genotype
A rod-shaped structure of tightly coiled DNA found in the nuc…
(Deoxyribonucleic Acid) a specialized molecule that contains…
Sections of DNA that provide the information for that cell to…
The genetic makeup of an organism.
Chromosome
A rod-shaped structure of tightly coiled DNA found in the nuc…
DNA
(Deoxyribonucleic Acid) a specialized molecule that contains…
17 terms
Genetics Vocabulary - 7th Grade Science
Heredity
Traits
Genetics
Genes
passing of traits from parents to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity
The set of information that controls a trait, a segment of DN…
Heredity
passing of traits from parents to offspring
Traits
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
28 terms
LJH Science 8 Genetics
Genetics
Traits
Genes
Off-Spring
The study of how traits are passed from parent to offspring
Special features determined by DNA
Segments of DNA that determines traits (30,000 per cell) pass…
The next generation of two parents
Genetics
The study of how traits are passed from parent to offspring
Traits
Special features determined by DNA
20 terms
8th science Genetics Vocabulary
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a distinguishing feature or characteristic of your personal n…
The scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male(sperm) and femal…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a distinguishing feature or characteristic of your personal n…
16 terms
Genetics Test (Science 8)
Where are genes located?
Where is genetic info stored?
Where are chromosomes located?
What is transcription?
Chromosomes
Within structure of DNA
Nucleus of a cell
DNA unwinds, RNA copies the DNA.
Where are genes located?
Chromosomes
Where is genetic info stored?
Within structure of DNA
13 terms
7th Science - Genetics Vocabulary
chromosome
DNA
Genes
Genotype
rod shaped structure of tightly coiled DNA found in the nucle…
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a specialized molecule that contains…
sections of DNA that provide the information for that cell to…
the genetic makeup of an organism.
chromosome
rod shaped structure of tightly coiled DNA found in the nucle…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a specialized molecule that contains…
19 terms
Genetics Animal Science Vocabulary
Genetics
Mitosis
Meiosis
DNA
Study of genes, heritability, and variation in living organis…
cellular division that results in diploid daughter cells
results in the production of gametes creates haploid daughter…
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid, genetic material found in chromosomes
Genetics
Study of genes, heritability, and variation in living organis…
Mitosis
cellular division that results in diploid daughter cells
16 terms
Science 8 # 1 GENETICS
genetics
incomplete dominacnce
Mendal
phenotype
genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
incomplete dominance occurs when the phenotype of the heteroz…
a scientist who discovered genetics and all of its parts and…
an organism's appearance or other detectable characteristics.…
genetics
genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
incomplete dominacnce
incomplete dominance occurs when the phenotype of the heteroz…
12 terms
Science Genetics 8
Trait
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
a variant form of a gene and a single variation of a gene
is an individual's collection of genes, the representation of…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
Trait
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
Alleles
a variant form of a gene and a single variation of a gene
10 terms
Science Vocabulary- Genetics
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
Chromosome
DNA
the more powerful gene
the weaker gene
pieces of DNA
blueprint of how an organism looks & works
Dominant Allele
the more powerful gene
Recessive Allele
the weaker gene
10 terms
Science 8 Genetics
Traits
Genes
Gregor Mendel
Alleles
Features determined by DNA
Pass on traits, are made of DNA, in the nucleus of every livi…
One of the first scientists to work on genetics
Single genes (T or t in punnett square)
Traits
Features determined by DNA
Genes
Pass on traits, are made of DNA, in the nucleus of every livi…
11 terms
Science 8 Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Plant Fertilization
Stamen
Ova
Father of Genetics
Ova will be become seeds if fertilized
the male fertilizing organ of a flower, typically consisting…
In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female rep…
Gregor Mendel
Father of Genetics
Plant Fertilization
Ova will be become seeds if fertilized
44 terms
Science 8 - Genetics Vocab
alleles
amino acids
cells
characteristics
different forms of genes. A gene pair is made up of a pair of…
the building blocks of living organisms that preform the func…
the building blocks of living organisms that preform the func…
the distinctive qualities of a living thing
alleles
different forms of genes. A gene pair is made up of a pair of…
amino acids
the building blocks of living organisms that preform the func…
13 terms
Genetics Vocabulary 8/8/16
Heredity
Clones
DNA Bases
DNA
Passing of genetic information from one generation to the nex…
Identical genetic copies.
A, T, G, C
Is a double stranded helix polymer of nucleotides that contai…
Heredity
Passing of genetic information from one generation to the nex…
Clones
Identical genetic copies.
50 terms
Science 8 Genetics terms
DNA
Base Pairs
double helix
chromosome
deoxyribonucleic acid - building block of life, made up of fo…
bases of DNA, A lines up with T and C lines up with G
the shape of a DNA strand
packages of DNA found in the nucleus of a cell, DNA is packed…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid - building block of life, made up of fo…
Base Pairs
bases of DNA, A lines up with T and C lines up with G
46 terms
Genetics - Science 8
the process that occurs in the formati…
figured out the structure of DNA in 1953
cells used in teh reproduction process
base in DNA ladder that pairs with thy…
meiosis -
James Watson/Francis Crick -
gamete
adenine -
the process that occurs in the formati…
meiosis -
figured out the structure of DNA in 1953
James Watson/Francis Crick -
17 terms
science 8 genetics
gene
genetics
genotype
phenotype
A section of DNA that codes for a trait
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
gene
A section of DNA that codes for a trait
genetics
Branch of biology that studies heredity
18 terms
Science 8: Genetics
Meiosis
Gametes
Antosomal Chromosones
Sickle-Cell Anemia
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
All of the non-sex chromosones
Condition where red blood cells assume an abnormal sickle shape
Meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Gametes
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
53 terms
science genetics 8 grade
heredity
heredity
genetics
traits
gregor mendel experimented with hundreds of pea plants to und…
the passing of traits form parents to offspring
the scientific study of heredity
physical characteristics
heredity
gregor mendel experimented with hundreds of pea plants to und…
heredity
the passing of traits form parents to offspring
18 terms
Genetics (Science) Gr 8
P1
F1
F2
Genotype
A generation consisting of stocks which are usually homozygou…
This is known as the first generation
This is known as the second generation
This is the genetic makeup of an organism
P1
A generation consisting of stocks which are usually homozygou…
F1
This is known as the first generation
10 terms
Science: Genetics Vocabulary
nucleus
chromosomes
genes
alleles
the part of a cell that directs all the cell's activities
found in the nucleus, contain our genetic information
control our traits
different forms of genes for the same trait
nucleus
the part of a cell that directs all the cell's activities
chromosomes
found in the nucleus, contain our genetic information
30 terms
Genetics: The Science of Heredity (Grade 8 Science)
The percentage of plants in the F 2 ge…
Factors that control traits.
An organism that has two different all…
The notation Tt to geneticists means...
25%
Genes
Hybrid
One dominant allele and one recessive allele
The percentage of plants in the F 2 ge…
25%
Factors that control traits.
Genes
27 terms
Genetics Science 8
structural protein; builds connective…
defensive protein; keeps diseases at b…
hormonal protein; transmits messages b…
contractile protein; controls the cont…
a type of protein in the body; example
a type of protein in the body; example
a type of protein in the body; example
a type of protein in the body; example
structural protein; builds connective…
a type of protein in the body; example
defensive protein; keeps diseases at b…
a type of protein in the body; example
29 terms
Science 8 Genetics
trait
gene
genotype
phenotype
__________________: a feature that an organism inherits from…
__________________: a part of the DNA code on a chromosome
__________________: the genes an organism has, also known as…
__________________: the combination of genetic makeup and the…
trait
__________________: a feature that an organism inherits from…
gene
__________________: a part of the DNA code on a chromosome
31 terms
Science grade 8 Genetics & Cells
Cell
Organelles
Nucleus
Heredity
cells are the basic units of structure and function in living…
when you go further into the cell you'll find a organel. thes…
the nucleus is where ribosomes are made. Ribosomes are the or…
the transmission of genetic characters from parents to offspr…
Cell
cells are the basic units of structure and function in living…
Organelles
when you go further into the cell you'll find a organel. thes…
10 terms
Vocabulary 8 Genetics
Trait
Chromosome
Gene
DNA
any type of feature that can be used to tell two species apart
structure in a cell that contians the cells genetic structure…
The basic unit of heredity that consists of a segment of DNA…
the genetic material found in all living cells that contains…
Trait
any type of feature that can be used to tell two species apart
Chromosome
structure in a cell that contians the cells genetic structure…
19 terms
science vocabulary genetics
Macromolecules
Nucleic acid
deoxyribonucleic acid
proteins
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
a complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material which is p…
any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds which have la…
Macromolecules
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Nucleic acid
a complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
15 terms
5th Grade Science Vocabulary - Genetics
Inherited
Offspring
Trait
Dominant
to receive by genetic transmission
the children or babies from parents, both human and animal
a distinguishing characteristic or quality, especially of one…
a trait that appears even if an organism has only one factor…
Inherited
to receive by genetic transmission
Offspring
the children or babies from parents, both human and animal
20 terms
Science Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Chromosome
DNA
Hybrid
the study of heredity
strand of DNA that holds many genes. Humans have 23 pairs, fr…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. Long molecule that is the main compone…
both traits are unlike (Pp). Dominant and a recessive trait
Genetics
the study of heredity
Chromosome
strand of DNA that holds many genes. Humans have 23 pairs, fr…
20 terms
Science Genetics Vocabulary
the fundamental and distinctive charac…
the basic building block in biology
the "brain" of the cell
a threadlike structure of nucleic acid…
DNA
cell
nucleus
chromosomes
the fundamental and distinctive charac…
DNA
the basic building block in biology
cell
16 terms
Life Science Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
heredity
heterozygous
homozygous
The study of heredity.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Having two different alleles for a particular gene.
Having two identical alleles for a particular gene.
genetics
The study of heredity.
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
16 terms
JCOS 8 Science - Genetics & Heredity
genetics
heredity
genes
allele
study of heredity and the variation in the traits characteris…
passing of traits from parent to offspring
sections of DNA found on chromosomes that control organism's…
one of two or more different forms of a trait
genetics
study of heredity and the variation in the traits characteris…
heredity
passing of traits from parent to offspring
19 terms
Science Vocabulary : Genetics
Dominate Trait
Allele
Hybrid or Heterozygous
Chromosome
In a pair of alleles, the one that, if present determines the…
One of a pair of genes that determine a specific trait
Refers to an organisms that carries two different alleles for…
A structure located in the nucleus of a cell, made of DNA, th…
Dominate Trait
In a pair of alleles, the one that, if present determines the…
Allele
One of a pair of genes that determine a specific trait
28 terms
Genetics Science Unit Vocabulary
Structure
Function
Probability
Environmental Change
parts that make up an organ, system, or living thing
what a structure does or what its job is
the study of the likelihood of the occurrence of a particular…
usually defined as a change or disturbance of the environment…
Structure
parts that make up an organ, system, or living thing
Function
what a structure does or what its job is
24 terms
Genetics Vocabulary Ch. 8
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
one of two paired chromosomes one from each parent that carri…
a haploid sex cell formed during meiosis that can combine wit…
cell with half the number of chromosomes as a diploid
Gene
functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
Homologous Chromosome
one of two paired chromosomes one from each parent that carri…
10 terms
Science Genetics Vocabulary
Incomplete Dominance
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Dominant
when both alleles are present you get a blend of the traits
2 SAME alleles
2 DIFFERENT alleles
always expressed when present
Incomplete Dominance
when both alleles are present you get a blend of the traits
Homozygous
2 SAME alleles
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