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Study sets matching "vocabulary rocks minerals science 8"

20 terms
Science 8 Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary
atom
element
compound
mineral
the smallest part of an element that has all of the propertie…
a pure substance that cannot be separated or broken down into…
a pure substance made of two or more elements that have been…
a natural formed, inorganic solid with a crystalline structure
atom
the smallest part of an element that has all of the propertie…
element
a pure substance that cannot be separated or broken down into…
6 terms
4th Science Vocabulary, Chapter 8, Minerals and Rocks
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
(n.) the quality of giving off light, brightness, glitter, br…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
Forms when sediments are compacted and cemented together or w…
mineral
natural nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
luster
(n.) the quality of giving off light, brightness, glitter, br…
20 terms
Science 8-ILS/Rocks & Minerals
minerals
rocks
physical properties
chemical properties
THE MOST COMMON FORM OF SOLID MATERIAL FOUND IN THE EARTH'S C…
made up of one or more mineral, named by how they are formed
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
A property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
minerals
THE MOST COMMON FORM OF SOLID MATERIAL FOUND IN THE EARTH'S C…
rocks
made up of one or more mineral, named by how they are formed
25 terms
8 Science Mineral and Rock Vocabulary
Mineral
Crystal Shape
Color
Luster
A natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
The external expression of the mineral's regular internal ato…
The property possessed by an object of producing different se…
A gentle sheen or soft glow, especially that of a partly refl…
Mineral
A natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Crystal Shape
The external expression of the mineral's regular internal ato…
28 terms
8 Science Minerals/Rocks
Mineral
Element
Compound
Crystal
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite crystalli…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite crystalli…
Element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
50 terms
Science 8 rocks & minerals
How are igneous rocks classified?
Origin
How do extrusive rocks form?
Where are extrusive rocks found?
-origin... -texture... -mineral composition
Where the rocks came from ... -intrusive ... -extrusive
Lava that erupted onto the earths surface
Outside Earths surface
How are igneous rocks classified?
-origin... -texture... -mineral composition
Origin
Where the rocks came from ... -intrusive ... -extrusive
Science Chapter 8 Minerals and Rocks
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
Any Earth material that has been moved from one place to anot…
rock that forms when sediments are cemented together and harden
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks
luster
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
10 terms
Science: Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary
core
crust
fossil
igneous rock
the iron layer at the center of the Earth
Earth's solid outer layer
something that has lasted from a living thing that died long…
melted rock that has cooled
core
the iron layer at the center of the Earth
crust
Earth's solid outer layer
20 terms
Science: Rocks & Minerals Vocabulary
chemical weathering
physical weathering
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
The process by which minerals in a rock can change because of…
The process by which rocks are broken down by breaking and ba…
A kind of rock that forms when rocks and minerals are subject…
A rock that forms in layers when sediments get cemented toget…
chemical weathering
The process by which minerals in a rock can change because of…
physical weathering
The process by which rocks are broken down by breaking and ba…
16 terms
Science 8 minerals and rocks
The process in which metomorphic rock…
Halite is a mineral formed by...
The process by which sediment settles…
You find a deposit of organic limeston…
What is changed by heat and pressure, or a chemical change.
Evaporation
Deposition
A place near water
The process in which metomorphic rock…
What is changed by heat and pressure, or a chemical change.
Halite is a mineral formed by...
Evaporation
10 terms
Science Vocabulary: Rocks and Minerals
Rock
Rock Cycle
Magma
Sedimentary Rock
A solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals or other…
The process by which one rock type changes into another rock…
The hot liquid that forms when rock partially or completely m…
Rock that forms when sediments are compacted and cemented tog…
Rock
A solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals or other…
Rock Cycle
The process by which one rock type changes into another rock…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary: Rocks and Minerals
rock
mineral
sediment
scratch test
a solid material made up of one or more minerals
a nonliving solid material that has a definite chemical makeu…
sand, particles of rock, bits of soil, and remains of once-li…
it is used to test the hardness of a mineral
rock
a solid material made up of one or more minerals
mineral
a nonliving solid material that has a definite chemical makeu…
13 terms
Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary (Science)
Core
Crust
Mantle
Rock
The inner part of the Earth, full of hot liquid.... Inner | Ou…
The outside of the Earth, all the rocks and minerals are foun…
The layer of the Earth below the crust, protects us from our…
Any piece of non- living solid matter in Earth's crust
Core
The inner part of the Earth, full of hot liquid.... Inner | Ou…
Crust
The outside of the Earth, all the rocks and minerals are foun…
Science Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary
centimeter
crystal shape
data
luster
SI unit for measuring distance 2.54=1 inch
The shape of a crystal sample of a mineral
Information gathered from a experiment with your senses.
The shininess of a mineral
centimeter
SI unit for measuring distance 2.54=1 inch
crystal shape
The shape of a crystal sample of a mineral
20 terms
Science Vocabulary | Rocks and Minerals
Intrusive
Cleavage
Coarse Grained
Igneous
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
the splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces
when a rock's grains are easy to see because of their big size
rock that forms usually because of magma and volcanoes
Intrusive
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Cleavage
the splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces
24 terms
Science vocabulary words Grade 8 Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Rock
Igneous
Igneous
1. Inorganic... 2. Solid... 3. Naturally occurring... 4. Definite chem…
1. Inorganic/organic... 2. Solid... 3. Naturally occurring... 4. Chemi…
Ignis=Latin... Type of rock that forms from cooling or molten ro…
Intrusive and extrusive are two different types of _________
Mineral
1. Inorganic... 2. Solid... 3. Naturally occurring... 4. Definite chem…
Rock
1. Inorganic/organic... 2. Solid... 3. Naturally occurring... 4. Chemi…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary--Rocks and Minerals
mineral
hardness
luster
streak
natural, nonliving material that makes up rocks
a description of how firm an object is
the way a mineral reflects light
the color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is rubb…
mineral
natural, nonliving material that makes up rocks
hardness
a description of how firm an object is
23 terms
Science Chapter 8 Minerals and Rocks
crust
rock
mineral
mantle
The outer layer of the Earth.
A solid material made up of one or more minerals.
A solid material found in Earth's crust that has a definite c…
A think layer of rock between the crust and the core.
crust
The outer layer of the Earth.
rock
A solid material made up of one or more minerals.
30 terms
Science Minerals and Rocks Ch 8
Granite
Over 3,000
Sediment
The type of sedimentary rock depends o…
One of the most common rocks on the Earth
Number of minerals scientists have discovered
Eroded material that settles on the land or on the bottom of…
...the materials in the sediment.
Granite
One of the most common rocks on the Earth
Over 3,000
Number of minerals scientists have discovered
43 terms
Science Minerals and Rocks Vocabulary
Mineral
Luster
Streak
Hardness
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
the way light reflects off a mineral
the dust that comes off the mineral after it has been scratched
how the mineral scratches
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
Luster
the way light reflects off a mineral
17 terms
Science rocks and minerals vocabulary
Liquid
Solid
Volume
Mineral
A subtance that flows and whose shape, but not voume, can be…
A substance that resists changing shapes
Is the amount of space that matter occupies
A naturally according solid
Liquid
A subtance that flows and whose shape, but not voume, can be…
Solid
A substance that resists changing shapes
16 terms
Science "Rocks and Minerals" Vocabulary
Rock
Mineral
Igneous
Metamorphic
Solid inorganic material that is usually made of two or more…
Inorganic, solid materials found in nature that always has th…
Rock that is produced when melted rock cools and hardens
New rock that forms when existing rock is heating or squeezed
Rock
Solid inorganic material that is usually made of two or more…
Mineral
Inorganic, solid materials found in nature that always has th…
13 terms
Science Vocabulary- rocks and minerals
Element
Silicate
Luster
Streak
The basic substances that are the building blocks of matter
Must have silicons (Si) + oxygen (O), most abundant
Light reflects off the surfaces
True color- use streak plates
Element
The basic substances that are the building blocks of matter
Silicate
Must have silicons (Si) + oxygen (O), most abundant
AMSA Science 8 Rocks and Minerals Unit
Mineral
Streak
Luster
Cleavage
Made in nature, solid, crystal structure, definite chemical m…
The color of the mineral's powder left behind when rubbed on…
The way light reflects off of a mineral; two types: metallic…
When a mineral breaks along flat surfaces.
Mineral
Made in nature, solid, crystal structure, definite chemical m…
Streak
The color of the mineral's powder left behind when rubbed on…
12 terms
Science Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Intrusive Rock
Forms from the cooling of magma and lava
Forms when small particles of rocks or the remains of plants…
Forms when a rock is changed by heat or pressure, or by chemi…
Igneous rock that is formed when magma hardened beneath the s…
Igneous Rock
Forms from the cooling of magma and lava
Sedimentary Rock
Forms when small particles of rocks or the remains of plants…
21 terms
Rocks and Minerals Science Vocabulary
Minerals
Crystal Structure
Crystallization
Streak
A solid that is naturally occuring,inorganic,and has a crysta…
The atoms in a crystal are arranged in a orderly, repeating p…
Atoms within a liquid join together to form a solid
The color of a minerals powder
Minerals
A solid that is naturally occuring,inorganic,and has a crysta…
Crystal Structure
The atoms in a crystal are arranged in a orderly, repeating p…
34 terms
Chapter 8 science Minerals and Rocks
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rock
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
any earth material that has been moved from one place to anot…
rock that forms when sediments are cemented together and harden
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rock
luster
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
13 terms
Science Vocabulary Rocks and Minerals
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Intrusive Rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Igneous rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's su…
Igneous Rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Sedimentary Rock
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary for Minerals and Rocks
Cleavage
Foliation
Fossil
Fracture
Mineral breaks into smooth, flst surfaces
Have mineral crystals arranged in parallel layers or bands (e…
Skelton remains of a once living animal or plant (only found…
Mineral breaks randomly
Cleavage
Mineral breaks into smooth, flst surfaces
Foliation
Have mineral crystals arranged in parallel layers or bands (e…
20 terms
Science Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary~
Weathering
Erosion
Rock Cycle
Geological Time
The break up of rocks caused by mechanical or chemical proces…
To remove earth materials form one place and transport them e…
...
periods of thousands, millions and billions of years reffered…
Weathering
The break up of rocks caused by mechanical or chemical proces…
Erosion
To remove earth materials form one place and transport them e…
18 terms
Science rocks and minerals vocabulary
Core
Crust
Fossil
Lithosphere
Earth's intermost structure.
The thin, outer layer of the Earth that makes up the continen…
The remains or traces of a plant or animal that lived long ago.
The shell formed from Earth's solid upper mantle and crust.
Core
Earth's intermost structure.
Crust
The thin, outer layer of the Earth that makes up the continen…
11 terms
SCIENCE-rocks and minerals vocabulary
Igneous rock
Metamorphic rocks
Sedimentary rocks
Minerals
Rocks formed from heat and presure
Rocks formed heat and pressure applied to other rocks
Rocks formed when sediments are compacted and cemented together
A naturally occurring substance with definite physical and ch…
Igneous rock
Rocks formed from heat and presure
Metamorphic rocks
Rocks formed heat and pressure applied to other rocks
15 terms
Science vocabulary rocks and minerals
Element
Compound
Luster
Streak
A substance that cannot be seperated or broken down
A substance of atoms of two or more elements
The way in wich a mineral reflects light
The color of the powder of a mineral
Element
A substance that cannot be seperated or broken down
Compound
A substance of atoms of two or more elements
9 terms
Science Vocabulary Rocks & Minerals
sedimentary rock
rock cycle
metamorphic rock
mineral
a rock formed by layers of sediments squeezed and stuck toget…
a slow neverending process of rock changes
a rock changed by heat or pressure but not completely melted
a natural solid material with particls arranged in a repeatin…
sedimentary rock
a rock formed by layers of sediments squeezed and stuck toget…
rock cycle
a slow neverending process of rock changes
13 terms
3rd Grade Science - Rocks, Minerals and Soils Vocabulary
mineral
hardness
rock
igneous rock
A solid object found in nature that has never been alive.
The measure of how difficult it is for a mineral to be scratc…
A naturally formed solid made of grains of one or more minera…
Rock that was once melted and then cooled and hardened.
mineral
A solid object found in nature that has never been alive.
hardness
The measure of how difficult it is for a mineral to be scratc…
21 terms
Science Vocabulary for Rocks and Minerals
landform
weathering
erosion
deposition
natural structure on earth
breaking down of rocks on earth's surface; the breaking down…
movement of sediment; force of water moves the pieces from on…
the dropping off of sediments in a new place; rocks are moved…
landform
natural structure on earth
weathering
breaking down of rocks on earth's surface; the breaking down…
9 terms
Science vocabulary rocks and minerals
Mineral
Inorganic
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
A naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
Mineral
A naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Inorganic
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
Science Vocabulary- Soil, Rocks, & Minerals
Humus
Soil
Nutrients
Worms
the dark organic material in soils, produced by the decomposi…
the portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrate…
A substance that provides nourishment essential for growth an…
any of a number of creeping or burrowing invertebrate animals…
Humus
the dark organic material in soils, produced by the decomposi…
Soil
the portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrate…
16 terms
Science Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Minerals
The smallest unit of an element that has all the properties o…
A substance the cannot be separated into simpler components b…
A substance formed when two or more atoms of an element or el…
Naturally occuring in inorganic, solid compounds that have a…
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that has all the properties o…
Element
A substance the cannot be separated into simpler components b…
18 terms
Science rocks and minerals vocabulary
Igneous
Metamorphic
Sedimentary
Rock cycle
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
Igneous
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Metamorphic
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
14 terms
science vocabulary for mineral and rocks
mineral
silicate
crystallization
magma
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a member the mineral that has silicon and oxogen in its cryst…
The formation of crystals (as solvent evaporates from solutio…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
silicate
a member the mineral that has silicon and oxogen in its cryst…
15 terms
Science: Rocks and Minerals - Chapter 8
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural, non-living solid crystals that make up rocks
the way a mineral's surface reflects the light
any earth material that has been moved from one place to anot…
rocks that form when sediments are cemented together and hard…
mineral
natural, non-living solid crystals that make up rocks
luster
the way a mineral's surface reflects the light
18 terms
Vocabulary for Rocks and Minerals (science)
Centimeter
Crystal Shape
Data
Luster
A metric unit of length
The Shape of a crystal sample as a mineral
Information gathered from an experiment
The shiny quality of a surface that reflects light
Centimeter
A metric unit of length
Crystal Shape
The Shape of a crystal sample as a mineral
39 terms
Science-Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary
Bedrock
Cement
Cleavage
Cleavage Planes
Solid layer of rock that extends into Earth, bedrock is found…
Mineral or another fine matrix that fills the pores between t…
The way that a mineral splits between layers of atoms that ar…
Flat surfaces along which some minerals break naturally
Bedrock
Solid layer of rock that extends into Earth, bedrock is found…
Cement
Mineral or another fine matrix that fills the pores between t…
15 terms
Science Chapter 8: Rocks and Minerals
A sedimentary rock melts. What kind of…
How can sedimentary rock form into met…
At very high temperatures and pressure…
What is a property of igneous rock?
Igneous
By applying heat and pressure.
Metamorphic
They are always made of melted rock that has cooled.
A sedimentary rock melts. What kind of…
Igneous
How can sedimentary rock form into met…
By applying heat and pressure.
30 terms
Science vocabulary Rocks and Mineral
Mineral
Element
Compound
Crystal
A natural occurring,Inorganic solid that has definite Chemica…
A substance that cannot be broken down or seporated int simpl…
A substance made of more than one atom of different elements…
A solid whose atoms,ions,or molecules are arranged in a defin…
Mineral
A natural occurring,Inorganic solid that has definite Chemica…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down or seporated int simpl…
80 terms
Rocks and minerals for Science Olympiad
Albite
almandine
amazonite
apatite
H: 6.0, S.G: 2.63. A silicate (NaAlSi3O8) a widely distribute…
H:6.5-7.5, S.G:4.31. Color deep purplish red. Usually found i…
H: 6.0, S.G: 2.5-2.6, Luster: Glassy-vitreous, Color: Green,…
H 5.0, S.G. 3.1-3.2 Luster: vitreous, Color: colorless, white…
Albite
H: 6.0, S.G: 2.63. A silicate (NaAlSi3O8) a widely distribute…
almandine
H:6.5-7.5, S.G:4.31. Color deep purplish red. Usually found i…
17 terms
Science 8 Unit 3: Rocks and Minerals
rocks
minerals
density
hardness
A naturally formed aggregate, or mixture, of minerals; have v…
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Mass per unit volume of a substance
A measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching.
rocks
A naturally formed aggregate, or mixture, of minerals; have v…
minerals
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
16 terms
Science Rocks and Mineral Vocabulary
crystal
inorganic
luster
fracture
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
not formed from living things or the remains of living things
the way a mineral reflects light from its surface
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
inorganic
not formed from living things or the remains of living things
66 terms
Chapter 8 Science: Rocks and Minerals
Minerals
what do X-ray patterns of a mineral sh…
What is unique in each mineral?
What is the relationship between rocks…
inorganic (not formed from plants or animals), solid material…
it shows an orderly arrangement of atoms that look like garde…
the chemical makeup and arrangement of the atoms in the crystal
Rocks are made up of more than 1 mineral
Minerals
inorganic (not formed from plants or animals), solid material…
what do X-ray patterns of a mineral sh…
it shows an orderly arrangement of atoms that look like garde…
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