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Study sets matching "vocabulary science 8 chapter 4"

12 terms
science 8: chapter 4 vocabulary
nucleus (+)
proton (+) (P-P)
electron (-) (short e sound)
neutron (neutral)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus (+)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
proton (+) (P-P)
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
6 terms
8 Science Chapter 4.5 Vocabulary
alpha particle
beta particle
gamma radiation
radioactive decay
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
a fast-moving electron that is given off as nuclear radiation
a type of nuclear radiation made of high-energy waves
the process in which the atomic nuclei of unstable isotopes r…
alpha particle
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
beta particle
a fast-moving electron that is given off as nuclear radiation
10 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
chemical bond
valence electron
electron (Lewis) dot diagram
covalent bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
a model that represents valence electrons in an atom as dots…
a chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs…
chemical bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
valence electron
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
7 terms
8 Science Chapter 4.2 Vocabulary
atomic mass
chemical symbol
group
nuclear fusion
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a one- or two-letter representation of an element
elements in the same vertical column of the periodic table; a…
the process in which two atomic nuclei combine to form a larg…
atomic mass
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
chemical symbol
a one- or two-letter representation of an element
9 terms
8 Science Chapter 4.1 Vocabulary
atom
atomic number
electron
energy level
the basic particle from which all elements are made
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a negatively charged particle that is found outside the nucle…
the specific amount of energy an electron has
atom
the basic particle from which all elements are made
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
10 terms
8 Science Chapter 4.3 Vocabulary
alkali metal
alkaline earth metal
conductivity
corrosion
an element in Group I of the periodic table
an element in Group 2 of the periodic table
the ability of an object to transfer heat or electricity to a…
the gradual wearing away of a metal element due to a chemical…
alkali metal
an element in Group I of the periodic table
alkaline earth metal
an element in Group 2 of the periodic table
Science 8 Chapter 4
geology
Charles Lyell
Henry Morris
moon
_____________means the study of the earth
The "Father of Geology"
Helped John Whitcomb write the book"The Genesis Flood" that r…
The lesser light to rule the earth
geology
_____________means the study of the earth
Charles Lyell
The "Father of Geology"
29 terms
BC Science 8 - Chapter 4
wave
energy
force
crest
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
a push or pull on an object
top of a wave
wave
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
energy
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
42 terms
Science Probe 8 Chapter 4 Vocabulary
force
fluid
dynamic
aerodynamics
a push or pull that causes changes in movement
a substance that flows ( gas or liquid)
systems that involve movement
air or gas moving around solid objects
force
a push or pull that causes changes in movement
fluid
a substance that flows ( gas or liquid)
Science 8 Chapter 4
geology
Charles Lyell
Henry Morris
moon
_____________means the study of the earth
The "Father of Geology"
Helped John Whitcomb write the book"The Genesis Flood" that r…
The lesser light to rule the earth
geology
_____________means the study of the earth
Charles Lyell
The "Father of Geology"
18 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4
Ecosystem
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
Organism
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment
An environmental factor that is associated with or results fr…
Describes the non- living part of the environment, including…
A living thing; anything that can carry out life processes... in…
Ecosystem
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment
Biotic Factor
An environmental factor that is associated with or results fr…
15 terms
Science 8: Chapter 4 Study Guide
Fluid
Pressure
Atmospheric Pressure
Buoyant Forces
any substance that can flow and take the shape of the contain…
the amount of force per unit area applied to an object's surf…
the ratio of the weight of all the air above you to your surf…
an upward force applied by a fluid on an object in the fluid
Fluid
any substance that can flow and take the shape of the contain…
Pressure
the amount of force per unit area applied to an object's surf…
21 terms
Science 8: Chapter 4 - Rocks!
Rock
Rock Cycle
Igneous Rock
Lava
A mixture of one or more minerals, volcanic gasses, organic m…
A model that describes how rocks slowly change from one form…
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed when hot magma cools and h…
Thick, gooey, molten rock material flowing from volcanoes ont…
Rock
A mixture of one or more minerals, volcanic gasses, organic m…
Rock Cycle
A model that describes how rocks slowly change from one form…
science 8: chapter 4 vocabulary
Nucleus
Proton
Electron
Neutron
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
Nucleus
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
Proton
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
39 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4 Vocabulary
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
smallest particle of an element
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
the positively charged dense center of an atom
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
atom
smallest particle of an element
electron
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
8 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4 vocabulary
Fluid
Pressure
Atmospheric Pressure
Buoyant force
any substance that can flow and take the shape of the contain…
the amount of force per unit area applied to an object's surf…
the ratio of the weight of all the air above you to your surf…
an upward force applied by a fluid on an object in the fluid
Fluid
any substance that can flow and take the shape of the contain…
Pressure
the amount of force per unit area applied to an object's surf…
30 terms
8 Science Chapter 4
Henry Mosley
Mendeleev
element
period
British scientist who arranged the periodic table by atomic n…
Created the first periodic table. Arranged elements by increa…
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
Henry Mosley
British scientist who arranged the periodic table by atomic n…
Mendeleev
Created the first periodic table. Arranged elements by increa…
14 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4 vocabulary
Continental drift
Pangaea
Fossil
Mid-ocean ridges
when continents slowly move over Earth's surface
a super continent or single land mass, about 300 million year…
any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in r…
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced;…
Continental drift
when continents slowly move over Earth's surface
Pangaea
a super continent or single land mass, about 300 million year…
15 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4
wave
energy
force
crest
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
a push or pull on an object
the highest point in a wave
wave
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
energy
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
19 terms
Science Chapter 4 {8}
Greeks
Democritus
atomos (Greek word)
Dalton's Atomic Theory/Model
The first people to think about the nature of matter at about…
Proposed the idea that matter is formed of small pieces that…
Means "indivisible" or "uncuttable".
Created by John Dalton, an English Chemist:... 1) All elements a…
Greeks
The first people to think about the nature of matter at about…
Democritus
Proposed the idea that matter is formed of small pieces that…
37 terms
SCIENCE 8, Chapter 4, Organization of Life, Environmental Science
Energy, Mineral nutrients, Carbon diox…
Biotic factors
Abiotic factors
Habitat
basic components of an ecosystem.
Living and once living parts of an ecosystem
Non-living parts of an ecosystem
The place an organism lives
Energy, Mineral nutrients, Carbon diox…
basic components of an ecosystem.
Biotic factors
Living and once living parts of an ecosystem
19 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4
amplitude
crest
electromagnetic radiation
energy
the height of a wave crest or depth of a wave trough as measu…
the highest point in a wave
the transmission of energy in the form of waves or rays, from…
the capacity for applying a force
amplitude
the height of a wave crest or depth of a wave trough as measu…
crest
the highest point in a wave
28 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4 Rocks
rock-forming minerals
granite
basalt
grains
about 20 minerals that make up most of the rocks of the Earth…
generally a light-colored rock that has high silica content--…
dark-colored rock that is low in silica--has mineral crystals…
particles of mineral or other rocks that make up rocks
rock-forming minerals
about 20 minerals that make up most of the rocks of the Earth…
granite
generally a light-colored rock that has high silica content--…
29 terms
BC Science 8 - Chapter 4
wave
energy
force
crest
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
a push or pull on an object
top of a wave
wave
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
energy
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
24 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4
Amplitude
Compression wave
Crest
Electromagnetic Radiation
The height of the wave crest or depth of a wave trough as mea…
A wave in which matter in the medium moves back and forth alo…
The highest point in a wave.
The transmission of energy in the form of waves or rays, from…
Amplitude
The height of the wave crest or depth of a wave trough as mea…
Compression wave
A wave in which matter in the medium moves back and forth alo…
35 terms
Science8 Chapter 4
Pythagoras
Galileo
Albert Michelson
The Speed of Light
A greek philosopher who believed that beams of light were mad…
A famous scientist who tried to measure the speed of light bu…
First person to successfully measure the speed of light.
300,000,000 m/s
Pythagoras
A greek philosopher who believed that beams of light were mad…
Galileo
A famous scientist who tried to measure the speed of light bu…
20 terms
EMS Science 8 Chapter 4
atom
neutron
electron
atomic number
Basic unit of matter
A small particle in the nucleus of the atom, with no electric…
A negatively charged particle
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
atom
Basic unit of matter
neutron
A small particle in the nucleus of the atom, with no electric…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
sere
secondary succession
softwood
topography
stage succession
series of events
Bears Cones
mountains, valleys, rivers
sere
stage succession
secondary succession
series of events
12 terms
BC Science 8 - Chapter 4.1
wave
energy
force
crest
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
a push or pull on an object
top of a wave
wave
a disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matte…
energy
the capacity to apply a force over a distance
8 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 4 Key Concepts
How is an electron's energy related to…
Why do atoms gain, lose, or share elec…
How do elements differ from the compou…
What are some common properties of a c…
Electrons with more energy are farther from the atom's nucleu…
Atoms with fewer than eight valence electrons gain, lose, or…
A compound and the elements it is made from have different ch…
A covalent bond forms when two nonmetal atoms share valence e…
How is an electron's energy related to…
Electrons with more energy are farther from the atom's nucleu…
Why do atoms gain, lose, or share elec…
Atoms with fewer than eight valence electrons gain, lose, or…
25 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 4: Rocks
rock
grains
texture
magma
natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
fragments that make up a rock
grain size and the way grains fit together in a rock
molten or liquid rock underground
rock
natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
grains
fragments that make up a rock
16 terms
science 8,chapter 4
Biosphere
ecosystem
ecology
population
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
ecosystem
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
15 terms
Science 8 chapter 4
Habitat
population
producer
mutualism
Place where an organism lives
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
An organism that can make its own food.
A relationship between two species in which both species bene…
Habitat
Place where an organism lives
population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
25 terms
Chapter 4 science 8
atom
electrons
nucleus
protons
the smallest particle of an element
negatively charged particles in an element
a tiny region in the center of the atom that holds protons an…
positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus
atom
the smallest particle of an element
electrons
negatively charged particles in an element
15 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 4
Matter
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Smallest unit of matter, main part of an element.
Center of an atom, made up of protons and neutrons.
Positively charged particles in atoms, determines which eleme…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
Smallest unit of matter, main part of an element.
10 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
chemical bond
valence electron
electron (Lewis) dot diagram
Poly Atomic
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
a model that represents valence electrons in an atom as dots…
Many Atoms
chemical bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
valence electron
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
20 terms
Science 8 chapter 4 vocabulary
Stress
Tension
Compression
Shearing
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
Stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Tension
Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
Science 8 Chapter 4 Vocabulary
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
smallest particle of an element
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
the positively charged dense center of an atom
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
atom
smallest particle of an element
electron
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
18 terms
Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
benthic zone
biome
canopy
chaparral
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
in a forest the covering of tall trees whose intertwining bra…
coastal biome with low lying vegetation
benthic zone
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
biome
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
Science 8, Chapter 4 Vocabulary
fluid
pressure
atmospheric pressure
underwater pressure
is any substance that can flow and take the shape of the cont…
is the amount of force per unit area applied to an objects su…
the ratio of the weight of all the air above you to your surf…
weight of the column of air above an object and the weight
fluid
is any substance that can flow and take the shape of the cont…
pressure
is the amount of force per unit area applied to an objects su…
10 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
emission
Gulf Stream
Santa Ana
crust
giving off radiant energy
A warm surface current
A warm, dry wind
Earth's this, solid, outer layer
emission
giving off radiant energy
Gulf Stream
A warm surface current
37 terms
SCIENCE 8, Chapter 4, Organization of Life, Environmental Science
Energy, Mineral nutrients, Carbon diox…
Biotic factors
Abiotic factors
Habitat
basic components of an ecosystem.
Living and once living parts of an ecosystem
Non-living parts of an ecosystem
The place an organism lives
Energy, Mineral nutrients, Carbon diox…
basic components of an ecosystem.
Biotic factors
Living and once living parts of an ecosystem
112 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4
weathering
physical weathering
ice wedging
exfoliation
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
occurs when rainwater or melted ice soaks into tiny cracks in…
involves the breaking or peeling away of rocks in layers
weathering
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
physical weathering
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
26 terms
Science: Chapter 4 Vocabulary
glacier
precipitation
ocean
ice sheet
A large body of (fresh water) ice that moves slowly over land.
Water droplets that form in the atmosphere and fall to the gr…
A large body of salt water that covers about 70% of Earth's s…
A large covering of ice and snow that lasts a long time. They…
glacier
A large body of (fresh water) ice that moves slowly over land.
precipitation
Water droplets that form in the atmosphere and fall to the gr…
19 terms
Epiphany interactiveScience 8 chapter 4 added to Science 8
Valence electron
Electron dot diagram
Chemical bond
Ion
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force of attractions that holds two atoms together.
An atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged.
Valence electron
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
Electron dot diagram
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
9 terms
Science Vocabulary for Chapter 4
adaptation
hibernate
camouflage
mimicry
a trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment
to rest or sleep through the cold winter
an adaptation by which an animal can hide by blending in with…
an adaptation in which one kind of organism has similar trait…
adaptation
a trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment
hibernate
to rest or sleep through the cold winter
10 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
adaptations
camouflage
hibernate
stimulus
traits that help an organism survive in its environment
animals that blend in with their environment have this adapta…
some animals do this to avoid the cold of winter
something in an environment that causes a living thing to react
adaptations
traits that help an organism survive in its environment
camouflage
animals that blend in with their environment have this adapta…
20 terms
Science 8 Chapter 4 vocabulary
Amplitude
Crest
Energy
Frequency
The height of a wave crest or depth of a wave trough as measu…
The highest point in a wave.
The capacity for applying a force.
In a wave, the number of repetitive motions, or vibrations, t…
Amplitude
The height of a wave crest or depth of a wave trough as measu…
Crest
The highest point in a wave.
12 terms
Behavioral Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Macrosociology
Microsociology
Status
Ascribed Status
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
A description of your position in society and expected roles…
A status given at birth, not chosen (Ex. Male, white, son)
Macrosociology
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Microsociology
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
20 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
adaptation
decomposer
parasite
predator
a change that occurs to fit certain conditions
organisms that break down dead plant and animal material.
something that lives from another creature
animal that hunts live animals for food
adaptation
a change that occurs to fit certain conditions
decomposer
organisms that break down dead plant and animal material.
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