Study sets matching "vocabulary science 8"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary science 8"

19 terms
Science 8...Chapter 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
quantitative
qualitative
learning about the natural world
the use of one or more senses to gather information
a number or amount
description that cannot be expressed by numbers
science
learning about the natural world
observation
the use of one or more senses to gather information
13 terms
Science 8 Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Force
Friction
Gravitation
Magnetic force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
The force of attraction between 2 objects because they have m…
A pushing or pulling force that acts on certain metals and co…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Friction
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary #8
Event
Rate
Size
Substance
Something that happens, or the outcome or result of anything
A measurement of the number of times something happens within…
Refers to the dimensions, amount or number of something. It i…
A single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
Event
Something that happens, or the outcome or result of anything
Rate
A measurement of the number of times something happens within…
8 terms
PLMS-Science8-Vocabulary8
mass
weight
momentum
law of conservation of momentum
a measure of the inertia of an object depends on the amount o…
the force of gravity acting on an object.
the product of an object's mass and its velocity.
law stating that the total electric charge in an isolated sys…
mass
a measure of the inertia of an object depends on the amount o…
weight
the force of gravity acting on an object.
66 terms
Science 8 Unit C Vocabulary
Angle of Incidence
Angle of Reflection
Aperture
Binoculars
Angle between the incident ray and the normal
Angle between the reflected ray and the normal
Hole or opening in a camera that lets in light
Device for viewing distant objects; made of two short refract…
Angle of Incidence
Angle between the incident ray and the normal
Angle of Reflection
Angle between the reflected ray and the normal
Science Vocabulary List 8
communicating
community
compare
competition
sharing the information that you discover (This can be done o…
all the populations of organisms living together in an enviro…
to notice the likenesses and differences between things that…
contest between organisms for limited resources
communicating
sharing the information that you discover (This can be done o…
community
all the populations of organisms living together in an enviro…
15 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
periodic table
group
period
metal
a chart of the elements arranged into rows and columns accord…
a column on the periodic table.
a row on the periodic table.
a element that is generally shiny. It is easily pulled into w…
periodic table
a chart of the elements arranged into rows and columns accord…
group
a column on the periodic table.
21 terms
Science 8: Atoms Vocabulary
isotope
chemical property
atom model
ion
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
characteristics of an element or compound that determine how…
an atom with an electrical charge
isotope
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
chemical property
characteristics of an element or compound that determine how…
6 terms
Week 8 Science Vocabulary
High Pressure System
Low Pressure System
Thunderstorm
Hurricane
winds circulating in a clockwise pattern and usually signal m…
winds circulating in a counterclockwise pattern and usually r…
a storm with thunder, lightning, heavy rains and strong winds…
large, severe storm that forms over tropical oceans, has wind…
High Pressure System
winds circulating in a clockwise pattern and usually signal m…
Low Pressure System
winds circulating in a counterclockwise pattern and usually r…
13 terms
8 Science Chapter 8.2 Vocabulary
alcohol
carboxyl group
ester
hydrocarbon
a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl…
a -COOH group, found in organic acids
an organic compound made by chemically combining an alcohol a…
an organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
alcohol
a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl…
carboxyl group
a -COOH group, found in organic acids
15 terms
Science - Ch. 8 Vocabulary
sound
energy
frequency
kinetic energy
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
the ability to cause motion or create change
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
energy of motion
sound
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
energy
the ability to cause motion or create change
12 terms
science 8: chapter 4 vocabulary
nucleus (+)
proton (+) (P-P)
electron (-) (short e sound)
neutron (neutral)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus (+)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
proton (+) (P-P)
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
18 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
solid
liquid
viscosity
surface tension
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume.
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape.
a measurement of a liquid's resistance to flow.
the uneven forces acting on the particles on the surface of a…
solid
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume.
liquid
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape.
11 terms
8 Science Chapter 8.4 Vocabulary
carbohydrate
cellulose
cholesterol
complex carbohydrate
an energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon,…
a complex carbohydrate found in plant structures
a waxy lipid in animal cells
a long chain,, or polymer, of simple carbohydrates
carbohydrate
an energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon,…
cellulose
a complex carbohydrate found in plant structures
17 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 1 Vocabulary
matter
atom
substance
element
anything that has mass and takes up space.
is a small particle that is the building block of matter.
is matter with a composition that is always the same.
is a substance made of only one kind of atom.
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
atom
is a small particle that is the building block of matter.
Science Probe 8 Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Control center- directs all cell activities (both plant and a…
Contain DNA - instruction plans for all cell parts. (both)
Consists of a double layer of fat molecules. Holds contents o…
Watery fluid that contains everything in the cell. Helps tran…
Nucleus
Control center- directs all cell activities (both plant and a…
Chromosomes
Contain DNA - instruction plans for all cell parts. (both)
17 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
salinity
seawater
brackish water
abyssal plains
a measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
water from a sea or ocean that has an average salinity of 35ppt
freshwater mixed with seawater
large, flat areas of the seafloor that extend across the deep…
salinity
a measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
seawater
water from a sea or ocean that has an average salinity of 35ppt
17 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactant
product
a process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange…
a description of a reaction using element symbols and chemica…
The starting substance in a chemical reaction.
The substances that are produced in a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
a process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange…
chemical equation
a description of a reaction using element symbols and chemica…
26 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 6 Vocabulary
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
water in gaseous form.
the atmospheric layer closest to the Earth's surface.
the second closest atmospheric layer to Earth's surface. This…
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
water vapor
water in gaseous form.
10 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
chemical bond
valence electron
electron (Lewis) dot diagram
covalent bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
a model that represents valence electrons in an atom as dots…
a chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs…
chemical bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
valence electron
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
16 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 10 Vocabulary
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
a type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
a female sex cell that forms in the ovary.
a male sex cell that forms in a testis.
the point at which an egg and sperm join together.
sexual reproduction
a type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
egg
a female sex cell that forms in the ovary.
22 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 11 Vocabulary
heredity
genetics
dominant trait
recessive trait
the passing of traits from parent to offspring.
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring.
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor.
a genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring.
genetics
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring.
7 terms
Grade 8 Science Vocabulary - Minerals
mineral
Mohs Harness Scale
Streak
Luster
A natural occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal struc…
This ranks ten minerals from softest to hardest
The colour of the minerals powder
The term used to describe how a mineral reflects light from i…
mineral
A natural occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal struc…
Mohs Harness Scale
This ranks ten minerals from softest to hardest
23 terms
DSST Science 8 Unit 6 Earth Science Vocabulary
Pangea
Plate Tectonics
Transform Boundary
Fault
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opp…
A break in the earth's crust
Pangea
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
Plate Tectonics
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
10 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Quiz #8
acceleration
motion
inert
inertia
the rate at which an object's velocity changes
change in an object's position over time
unable to react chemically under normal circumstances
the tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion
acceleration
the rate at which an object's velocity changes
motion
change in an object's position over time
72 terms
SCIENCE 8-MIDTERM REVIEW
Metric System
Meter
Liter
Gram
The decimal measuring system based on the meter, liter, and g…
Basic unit for measuring length in the metric system
Basic unit of volume in the metric system
Basic unit of mass in the metric system
Metric System
The decimal measuring system based on the meter, liter, and g…
Meter
Basic unit for measuring length in the metric system
8 terms
Science/Vocabulary 8.3
divergent boundary
convergent boundary
transform boundary
rift valley
occurs where tectonic plates move apart
occurs where tectonic plates push together
occurs where tectonic plates scrape past each other
a gap formed between two diverging plates
divergent boundary
occurs where tectonic plates move apart
convergent boundary
occurs where tectonic plates push together
Science Vocabulary Topic 8
motion
velocity
seconds
acceleration
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
Speed in a given direction.
SI unit for time.
The rate at which velocity changes.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
velocity
Speed in a given direction.
SCIENCE 8 SOL Vocabulary - Austin
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Constants
Control
part of experiment you change on purpose; x axis on graph; pl…
the results of the change to the independent variable; the da…
Factors that do NOT change in the experiment (in light experi…
The part of the experiment that is most like "normal" so that…
Independent variable
part of experiment you change on purpose; x axis on graph; pl…
Dependent variable
the results of the change to the independent variable; the da…
12 terms
Science 8 Vocabulary
science
physical science
controlled experiment
observation
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
the study of matter and energy and the changes they undergo
an investigation in which all variables except one remain the…
using your senses to gather information
science
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
physical science
the study of matter and energy and the changes they undergo
GSL Science 8 Weather Vocabulary
Weather
Humidity
Relative Humidity
Dew Point
The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place (i…
The amount of water vapor held in the air.
The measure of the amount of water vapor in the air compared…
The temperature at which air is saturated with water and cond…
Weather
The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place (i…
Humidity
The amount of water vapor held in the air.
10 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary 8
electrical energy
circuit
electromagnet
transform
energy that is absorbed or delivered by an electric circuit
a closed conducting circle or loop through which current can…
a steel bar with a wire wrapped around it that becomes a magn…
to change from one form to another
electrical energy
energy that is absorbed or delivered by an electric circuit
circuit
a closed conducting circle or loop through which current can…
11 terms
Week 8 Science 8 Skills Vocabulary
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Infrared Light
Light-year
Photons
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
the part of the spectrum that consists of the frequencies bet…
the distance light travels in 1 year.
particles of light
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
Infrared Light
the part of the spectrum that consists of the frequencies bet…
8.1 Science Vocabulary
Isostasy
Subsidence
Uplift
Compression
The equilibrium between continental crust & the denser mantle…
Downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
Upward vertical motion of Earth's surface
Squeezing Stress
Isostasy
The equilibrium between continental crust & the denser mantle…
Subsidence
Downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
Science Vocabulary Week 8
electric circuit
closed circuit
open circuit
electromagnnetism
the pathway through which an electric current flows
an electrical path with NO breaks or gaps
a broken or incomplete electrical path
magnetism created by an electric current (Ex. MRI or an elect…
electric circuit
the pathway through which an electric current flows
closed circuit
an electrical path with NO breaks or gaps
5 terms
8 Science Chapter 6.3 Vocabulary
activation energy
catalyst
concentration
enzyme
the minimum amount of energy needed to get a chemical reactio…
a material that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering…
the amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
a biological catalyst that lowers the activation energy of re…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed to get a chemical reactio…
catalyst
a material that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering…
Science Probe 8 Chapter 8 and 9 Vocabulary
Continental Shelf
Continental Slope
Continental Rise
Abyssal Plain
The gently downward slope of the ocean floor as it extends ou…
The more steeply sloped region at the edge of the continental…
A region of gently increasing slope where the ocean floor mee…
A large,flat area on the ocean floor.
Continental Shelf
The gently downward slope of the ocean floor as it extends ou…
Continental Slope
The more steeply sloped region at the edge of the continental…
25 terms
Energy & Atmosphere Science 8
Atmosphere
Nitrogen
Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor and Methane
Troposhpere
The envelope of gases that surround Earth.
The most abundant gas in Earth's atmosphere.
Greenhouse Gases that absorb long wave radiation.
A layer of the atmosphere with the highest air pressure and w…
Atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surround Earth.
Nitrogen
The most abundant gas in Earth's atmosphere.
7 terms
8 Science Chapter 21.3 Vocabulary
alternating current
direct current
electric generator
electromagnetic induction
current consisting of charges that move back and forth in a c…
current consisting of charges that flow in only one direction…
a device that convers mechanical energy into electrical energy
the process of generating an electric current from the motion…
alternating current
current consisting of charges that move back and forth in a c…
direct current
current consisting of charges that flow in only one direction…
6 terms
8 Science Chapter 14.2 Vocabulary
conduction
conductor
convection
convection current
the transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another;…
a material that conducts heat well; a material through which…
the transfer of heat by the movement of currents within a fluid
a current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of…
conduction
the transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another;…
conductor
a material that conducts heat well; a material through which…
5 terms
8 Science Chapter 19.1 Vocabulary
magnet
magnetic field
magnetic field lines
magnetic force
any material that attracts iron and materials that contain iron
the region around a magnet where the magnetic force is exerted
invisible lines that map out the magnetic field around a magnet
force produced when magnetic poles interact
magnet
any material that attracts iron and materials that contain iron
magnetic field
the region around a magnet where the magnetic force is exerted
5 terms
8 Science Chapter 16.3 Vocabulary
acoustics
fundamental tone
music
overtone
the study of how sounds interact with each other and the envi…
the lowest natural frequency of an object
a set of tones and overtones combined in ways that are pleasing
a natural frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental ton…
acoustics
the study of how sounds interact with each other and the envi…
fundamental tone
the lowest natural frequency of an object
5 terms
8 Science Chapter 17.1 Vocabulary
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic wave
photoelectric effect
photon
the energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
transverse waves that transfer electrical and magnetic energy
the ejection of electrons from a substance when light is shin…
a tiny particle or packet of light energy
electromagnetic radiation
the energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic wave
transverse waves that transfer electrical and magnetic energy
6 terms
8 Science Chapter 15.4 Vocabulary
P wave
S wave
seismic wave
seismograph
a longitudinal seismic wave
a transverse seismic wave
a wave produced by an earthquake
an instrument used to detect and measure earthquake waves
P wave
a longitudinal seismic wave
S wave
a transverse seismic wave
5 terms
8 Science Chapter 2.2 Vocabulary
density
International System of Units (SI)
mass
volume
the ratio of the mass of a substance to its volume
the system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
a measure oof how much matter is in an object
the amount of space that matter occupies
density
the ratio of the mass of a substance to its volume
International System of Units (SI)
the system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
5 terms
8 Science Chapter 21.2 Vocabulary
electric motor
electrical energy
energy
galvanometer
a device that transforms electrical energy to mechanical energy
the energy of moving electrical charges
the ability to do work or cause change; the ability to move a…
a device that uses an electromagnet to dtect small amounts of…
electric motor
a device that transforms electrical energy to mechanical energy
electrical energy
the energy of moving electrical charges
6 terms
8 Science Chapter 4.4 Vocabulary
diatomic molecule
halogen
metalloid
noble gas
a molecule consisting of two atoms
an element found in Group 17 of the periodic table
an element that has some characteristics of both metals and n…
an element in Group 18 of the periodic table
diatomic molecule
a molecule consisting of two atoms
halogen
an element found in Group 17 of the periodic table
9 terms
8 Science Chapter 1.2 Vocabulary
communicating
controlled experiment
data
hypothesis
the process of sharing ideas with others through writing and…
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observati…
a possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to…
communicating
the process of sharing ideas with others through writing and…
controlled experiment
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
8 terms
8 Science Chapter 1.4 Vocabulary
brainstorming
constraint
engineer
prototype
a process in which group members freely suggest any creative…
any factor that limits or restricts a design
a person who is trained to use both technological and scienti…
a working model used to test a design
brainstorming
a process in which group members freely suggest any creative…
constraint
any factor that limits or restricts a design
9 terms
8 Science Chapter 3.2 Vocabulary
boiling
boiling point
condensation
evaporation
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place inside…
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
the change from the gaseous to the liquid state of matter
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place only on…
boiling
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place inside…
boiling point
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
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