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Study sets matching "vocabulary science 8"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary science 8"

19 terms
Science 8...Chapter 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
quantitative
qualitative
learning about the natural world
the use of one or more senses to gather information
a number or amount
description that cannot be expressed by numbers
science
learning about the natural world
observation
the use of one or more senses to gather information
10 terms
Science Vocabulary #8
Event
Rate
Size
Substance
Something that happens, or the outcome or result of anything
A measurement of the number of times something happens within…
Refers to the dimensions, amount or number of something. It i…
A single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
Event
Something that happens, or the outcome or result of anything
Rate
A measurement of the number of times something happens within…
13 terms
Science 8 Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Force
Friction
Gravitation
Magnetic force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
The force of attraction between 2 objects because they have m…
A pushing or pulling force that acts on certain metals and co…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Friction
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary List 8
communicating
community
compare
competition
sharing the information that you discover (This can be done o…
all the populations of organisms living together in an enviro…
to notice the likenesses and differences between things that…
contest between organisms for limited resources
communicating
sharing the information that you discover (This can be done o…
community
all the populations of organisms living together in an enviro…
66 terms
Science 8 Unit C Vocabulary
Angle of Incidence
Angle of Reflection
Aperture
Binoculars
Angle between the incident ray and the normal
Angle between the reflected ray and the normal
Hole or opening in a camera that lets in light
Device for viewing distant objects; made of two short refract…
Angle of Incidence
Angle between the incident ray and the normal
Angle of Reflection
Angle between the reflected ray and the normal
10 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary 8
electrical energy
circuit
electromagnet
transform
energy that is absorbed or delivered by an electric circuit
a closed conducting circle or loop through which current can…
a steel bar with a wire wrapped around it that becomes a magn…
to change from one form to another
electrical energy
energy that is absorbed or delivered by an electric circuit
circuit
a closed conducting circle or loop through which current can…
8 terms
PLMS-Science8-Vocabulary8
mass
weight
momentum
law of conservation of momentum
a measure of the inertia of an object depends on the amount o…
the force of gravity acting on an object.
the product of an object's mass and its velocity.
law stating that the total electric charge in an isolated sys…
mass
a measure of the inertia of an object depends on the amount o…
weight
the force of gravity acting on an object.
10 terms
Science Vocabulary Week 8
electric circuit
closed circuit
open circuit
electromagnnetism
the pathway through which an electric current flows
an electrical path with NO breaks or gaps
a broken or incomplete electrical path
magnetism created by an electric current (Ex. MRI or an elect…
electric circuit
the pathway through which an electric current flows
closed circuit
an electrical path with NO breaks or gaps
12 terms
science 8: chapter 4 vocabulary
nucleus (+)
proton (+) (P-P)
electron (-) (short e sound)
neutron (neutral)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus (+)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
proton (+) (P-P)
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
21 terms
Science 8: Atoms Vocabulary
isotope
chemical property
atom model
ion
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
characteristics of an element or compound that determine how…
an atom with an electrical charge
isotope
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
chemical property
characteristics of an element or compound that determine how…
6 terms
Week 8 Science Vocabulary
High Pressure System
Low Pressure System
Thunderstorm
Hurricane
winds circulating in a clockwise pattern and usually signal m…
winds circulating in a counterclockwise pattern and usually r…
a storm with thunder, lightning, heavy rains and strong winds…
large, severe storm that forms over tropical oceans, has wind…
High Pressure System
winds circulating in a clockwise pattern and usually signal m…
Low Pressure System
winds circulating in a counterclockwise pattern and usually r…
15 terms
Science - Ch. 8 Vocabulary
sound
energy
frequency
kinetic energy
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
the ability to cause motion or create change
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
energy of motion
sound
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
energy
the ability to cause motion or create change
8 terms
Science/Vocabulary 8.3
divergent boundary
convergent boundary
transform boundary
rift valley
occurs where tectonic plates move apart
occurs where tectonic plates push together
occurs where tectonic plates scrape past each other
a gap formed between two diverging plates
divergent boundary
occurs where tectonic plates move apart
convergent boundary
occurs where tectonic plates push together
11 terms
Science Vocabulary Topic 8
motion
velocity
seconds
acceleration
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
Speed in a given direction.
SI unit for time.
The rate at which velocity changes.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
velocity
Speed in a given direction.
22 terms
Science 8: Nature of Science Vocabulary
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
the investigation and exploration of natural events and of th…
the act of using one or more of your senses to gather informa…
a logical explanation of an observation that is drawn from pr…
a possible explanation for an observation that can be tested…
Science
the investigation and exploration of natural events and of th…
Observation
the act of using one or more of your senses to gather informa…
18 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
solid
liquid
viscosity
surface tension
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume.
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape.
a measurement of a liquid's resistance to flow.
the uneven forces acting on the particles on the surface of a…
solid
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume.
liquid
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape.
10 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Quiz #8
acceleration
motion
inert
inertia
the rate at which an object's velocity changes
change in an object's position over time
unable to react chemically under normal circumstances
the tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion
acceleration
the rate at which an object's velocity changes
motion
change in an object's position over time
26 terms
DSST Science 8 Unit 6 Earth Science Vocabulary
Pangea
Plate Tectonics
Transform Boundary
Fault
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opp…
A break in the earth's crust
Pangea
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
Plate Tectonics
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
13 terms
8 Science Chapter 8.2 Vocabulary
alcohol
carboxyl group
ester
hydrocarbon
a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl…
a -COOH group, found in organic acids
an organic compound made by chemically combining an alcohol a…
an organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
alcohol
a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl…
carboxyl group
a -COOH group, found in organic acids
15 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
periodic table
group
period
metal
a chart of the elements arranged into rows and columns accord…
a column on the periodic table.
a row on the periodic table.
a element that is generally shiny. It is easily pulled into w…
periodic table
a chart of the elements arranged into rows and columns accord…
group
a column on the periodic table.
17 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
salinity
seawater
brackish water
abyssal plains
a measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
water from a sea or ocean that has an average salinity of 35ppt
freshwater mixed with seawater
large, flat areas of the seafloor that extend across the deep…
salinity
a measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
seawater
water from a sea or ocean that has an average salinity of 35ppt
17 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 1 Vocabulary
matter
atom
substance
element
anything that has mass and takes up space.
is a small particle that is the building block of matter.
is matter with a composition that is always the same.
is a substance made of only one kind of atom.
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
atom
is a small particle that is the building block of matter.
11 terms
8 Science Chapter 8.4 Vocabulary
carbohydrate
cellulose
cholesterol
complex carbohydrate
an energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon,…
a complex carbohydrate found in plant structures
a waxy lipid in animal cells
a long chain,, or polymer, of simple carbohydrates
carbohydrate
an energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon,…
cellulose
a complex carbohydrate found in plant structures
17 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactant
product
a process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange…
a description of a reaction using element symbols and chemica…
The starting substance in a chemical reaction.
The substances that are produced in a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
a process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange…
chemical equation
a description of a reaction using element symbols and chemica…
20 terms
GSL Science 8 Weather Vocabulary
Weather
Humidity
Relative Humidity
Dew Point
The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place (i…
The amount of water vapor held in the air.
The measure of the amount of water vapor in the air compared…
The temperature at which air is saturated with water and cond…
Weather
The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place (i…
Humidity
The amount of water vapor held in the air.
Science Vocabulary 8.26
Valley
sea
volcano
reef
also known as a dale, this feature is a depression in Earth's…
A large body of salt water. This large expanse of saline wate…
An opening, or rupture, in a planet's surface or crust, which…
A rock, sandbar, or other feature lying beneath the surface o…
Valley
also known as a dale, this feature is a depression in Earth's…
sea
A large body of salt water. This large expanse of saline wate…
16 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 10 Vocabulary
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
a type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
a female sex cell that forms in the ovary.
a male sex cell that forms in a testis.
the point at which an egg and sperm join together.
sexual reproduction
a type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
egg
a female sex cell that forms in the ovary.
22 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 11 Vocabulary
heredity
genetics
dominant trait
recessive trait
the passing of traits from parent to offspring.
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring.
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor.
a genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring.
genetics
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring.
22 terms
Science Probe 8 Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Control center- directs all cell activities (both plant and a…
Contain DNA - instruction plans for all cell parts. (both)
Consists of a double layer of fat molecules. Holds contents o…
Watery fluid that contains everything in the cell. Helps tran…
Nucleus
Control center- directs all cell activities (both plant and a…
Chromosomes
Contain DNA - instruction plans for all cell parts. (both)
14 terms
Science 8 Vocabulary - Amber
Observation
Centimeter
Graduated Cylinder
Inference
using one or more of your 5 senses to collect information
Measurement of Length. 1/100 (.01)
used to Measure Volume
An educated guess based on 5 senses. Based on observation.
Observation
using one or more of your 5 senses to collect information
Centimeter
Measurement of Length. 1/100 (.01)
13 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organisms that make their own food, such as plants. They use…
an animal that cannot use the sun directly and obtains energy…
a principal chemical compound that cells use to store and rel…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organisms that make their own food, such as plants. They use…
heterotroph
an animal that cannot use the sun directly and obtains energy…
11 terms
Science vocabulary TEKS 8.6
Force
Balanced force
Net force
At rest
A push or pull that can change the motion
Force on an object that does not cause a change in motion
Sum of all forces acting on an object
State of an object when it is not in motion
Force
A push or pull that can change the motion
Balanced force
Force on an object that does not cause a change in motion
10 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
chemical bond
valence electron
electron (Lewis) dot diagram
covalent bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
a model that represents valence electrons in an atom as dots…
a chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs…
chemical bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together.
valence electron
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
11 terms
Science Vocabulary List 8
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Gravity
Weight
Stored Energy
Energy of Motion
The natural force of objects attracting to each other. The la…
W = Mass X Gravity. On Earth acceleration due to gravity is 9…
Potential Energy
Stored Energy
Kinetic Energy
Energy of Motion
39 terms
Earth Science 8-2 Vocabulary
Adaptation
Variations
Natural selection
Species
- any characteristic,behavior, or trait, that helps an organi…
- differences in traits among members of a population
- the process by which organism with the best adaptations for…
- a group of similar organisms that can mate with each other…
Adaptation
- any characteristic,behavior, or trait, that helps an organi…
Variations
- differences in traits among members of a population
22 terms
Science 8 - Chapter 6 Vocabulary
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
water in gaseous form.
the atmospheric layer closest to the Earth's surface.
the second closest atmospheric layer to Earth's surface.
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
water vapor
water in gaseous form.
12 terms
Science 8 Vocabulary
science
physical science
controlled experiment
observation
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
the study of matter and energy and the changes they undergo
an investigation in which all variables except one remain the…
using your senses to gather information
science
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
physical science
the study of matter and energy and the changes they undergo
Science vocabulary TEKS 8.6
Force
Balanced force
Net force
At rest
A push or pull that can change the motion
Force on an object that does not cause a change in motion
Sum of all forces acting on an object
State of an object when it is not in motion
Force
A push or pull that can change the motion
Balanced force
Force on an object that does not cause a change in motion
Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Carnivore
Predator
Food Chain
Food Web
An animal that eats only other animals
An animal that hunts other animals for food
The path of food energy in an ecosystem as one living things…
Two or more food chains that overlap
Carnivore
An animal that eats only other animals
Predator
An animal that hunts other animals for food
47 terms
Grade 8 Science Vocabulary
system
purpose
input
output
made up of parts that work together to perform a function
function of a system
what goes into the system to make it work
result of the system
system
made up of parts that work together to perform a function
purpose
function of a system
67 terms
SCIENCE 8 SOL Vocabulary - Austin
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Constants
Control
part of experiment you change on purpose; x axis on graph; pl…
the results of the change to the independent variable; the da…
Factors that do NOT change in the experiment (in light experi…
The part of the experiment that is most like "normal" so that…
Independent variable
part of experiment you change on purpose; x axis on graph; pl…
Dependent variable
the results of the change to the independent variable; the da…
77 terms
science 8 life science
bacteria
cell
cell membrane
cell theory
living prokaryotic cell
basic unit of life
controls what enters a cell
all living things are made of one or more cells, cells reprod…
bacteria
living prokaryotic cell
cell
basic unit of life
Science 8 - Vocabulary
Organism
Cell Theory
Field of View
Nucleus
at least 1 or more Characteristic
1 or more cell
light adjuster
Control Center
Organism
at least 1 or more Characteristic
Cell Theory
1 or more cell
13 terms
science 8.6A vocabulary
Force
Balanced Forces
Unbalanced
Net Force
A push or pull that can change the motion of an object.
Separate forces on an object that combined do not change the…
Forces on an object that cause change in the motion of the ob…
The sum of all the forces acting on an object.
Force
A push or pull that can change the motion of an object.
Balanced Forces
Separate forces on an object that combined do not change the…
15 terms
Sheltered Science Vocabulary #8
Weather
Meteorology
Dew Point
Fog
The condition of the sky over a short amount of time
The study of weather and the sky
The temperature that turns water vapor into liquid
Low clouds that cover the surface of the Earth
Weather
The condition of the sky over a short amount of time
Meteorology
The study of weather and the sky
10 terms
Science Vocabulary #8 Astronomy
Axis
North Star
Horizon
Latitude
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
A polar star in the Northern Hemisphere that does not appear…
The point where the sky and Earth meet.
A system of imaginary circles on the Earth's surface radiatin…
Axis
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
North Star
A polar star in the Northern Hemisphere that does not appear…
12 terms
Science 8: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
power
transfer
work
efficiency
rate at which work is done
to move from one place to another
transfer of energy to an object by a force that makes an obje…
ratio of output work to input work
power
rate at which work is done
transfer
to move from one place to another
6 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Lava
Magma
Lahar
Felsic
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface
Liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
Deadly mudflow that forms when volcanic ash and debris mix wi…
Describes magma, lava, or igneous rock that is rich in feldsp…
Lava
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface
Magma
Liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
17 terms
Ch 8 Science Vocabulary
decomposer
omnivore
herbivore
energy pyramid
an organism that lives by breaking apart dead organic matter…
an animal that eats both plants and other animals
a plant eating
a model that shows how energy moves from one trophic level to…
decomposer
an organism that lives by breaking apart dead organic matter…
omnivore
an animal that eats both plants and other animals
18 terms
Science 8 Unit 1 - Topics 7-8
pressure
pascal
kilopascal
incompressible
the force acting perpendicular to a cetain surface area
a unit for pressure newtons per square metre
a unit of pressure equal to 1000 pascals
incapable of being squeezed into a smaller volume
pressure
the force acting perpendicular to a cetain surface area
pascal
a unit for pressure newtons per square metre
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