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Study sets matching "vocabulary science chemistry general"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary science chemistry general"

82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
12 terms
General Science Chemistry Terms
No chemical change... Keeps its own prope…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
The substance that is going to be diss…
The one thing doing the dissolving.
Mixture... Examples: ... Blood (plasma and red blood cells)... Trailm…
Solution... Example: ... Salt water ... Kook-aid
Solute... Example:... Sugar... Kool-aid powder... It is the smallest am…
Solvent... Examples:... Water... Ethanol... Nail Polish Remover (acetone…
No chemical change... Keeps its own prope…
Mixture... Examples: ... Blood (plasma and red blood cells)... Trailm…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
Solution... Example: ... Salt water ... Kook-aid
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
124 terms
PRAXIS General Science: (Physical Science and Chemistry)
Physical Science
Materials found on earth include:
Atom
Atomic number
-The first domain of science in which the tangible and materi…
elements, compounds, and mixtures
The basis of chemistry, and so small it cannot be divided.... -A…
-The same number as the number of protons found within the nu…
Physical Science
-The first domain of science in which the tangible and materi…
Materials found on earth include:
elements, compounds, and mixtures
12 terms
General Science Chemistry Terms - Spanish Version
No chemical change - No químico cambio…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
The substance that is going to be diss…
The one thing doing the dissolving. -…
Mixture - mezcla ... Examples - por ejemplo... Blood (plasma and r…
Solution - solución ... Example: -por ejemplo... Salt water -agua…
Solute - la sustancia disoluta... Example:... Sugar... Kool-aid powde…
Solvent - el solvente... Examples:... Water - agua... Ethanol... Nail Po…
No chemical change - No químico cambio…
Mixture - mezcla ... Examples - por ejemplo... Blood (plasma and r…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
Solution - solución ... Example: -por ejemplo... Salt water -agua…
15 terms
Valhalla General Science Chemistry Unit
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Isotopes
Exist in the nucleus. Make up atomic number. Positive. Almost…
Neutral. No charge. Similar size/mass as proton.
Negative. Much smaller than proton and neutron. Arrangement o…
Atoms with the same number of protons, diff. #'s of neutrons.…
Proton
Exist in the nucleus. Make up atomic number. Positive. Almost…
Neutron
Neutral. No charge. Similar size/mass as proton.
50 terms
General Science: Chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes…
When a change occurs and the identity…
A(n) _____ is matter made up of only o…
A(n) ___ is a form of matter that is m…
Chemistry
chemical change
element
compound
The study of matter and how it changes…
Chemistry
When a change occurs and the identity…
chemical change
20 terms
General Science Ch3 Introduction to Chemistry
chemistry
matter
alchemist
philosopher's stone
The science of the properties, reaction, composition, and str…
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A practitioner of the Medieval science of alchemy, which aime…
A substance that could cause the transmutation of lead into g…
chemistry
The science of the properties, reaction, composition, and str…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
13 terms
ASVAB- General Science- Chemistry
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Matter
Has a definite shape and volume.
Has a definite volume, but no definite shape.
Has no definite shape or volume.
Is made up of Molecules.
Solid
Has a definite shape and volume.
Liquid
Has a definite volume, but no definite shape.
32 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Density
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
A ratio that compares the mass of an object to its volume.
The physical forms in which all matter naturally exists on Ea…
A form of matter that has its own definite shape & volume, is…
A form of matter that flows, has constant volume, and takes t…
Density
A ratio that compares the mass of an object to its volume.
States of Matter
The physical forms in which all matter naturally exists on Ea…
30 terms
Chapter 1: Chemistry: The General Science
Chemistry
matter
scientific method
accuracy
the study of matter and the changes that matter undergoes
anything that has mass and occupies space
set of guidelines used by scientists to add their results to…
how close a measurement is to the true value
Chemistry
the study of matter and the changes that matter undergoes
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
40 terms
General Science Chemistry
Ending of ide is
The ending ate
When an element shares its own electro…
Steps
The ending of the word of the anion.
Is when is when a two elements mix together and one is oxygen…
O2 = oxygen
1) recognise type of reaction... 2) write the word equation... 3) w…
Ending of ide is
The ending of the word of the anion.
The ending ate
Is when is when a two elements mix together and one is oxygen…
7 terms
General science chemistry
Acid
Types of battery acids
Potent based
Sublimination
Is positive hydrogen
Hydrocholric nutric sulful neg hydroxyl ions taste bitter
Sodiumchloride sodium hydrochloride sodium bicarbonate
Solid to gas
Acid
Is positive hydrogen
Types of battery acids
Hydrocholric nutric sulful neg hydroxyl ions taste bitter
43 terms
Science terms: General chemistry
molecule
Elements
Atom
Subatomic
The smallest unit of a compound
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into similar…
The smallest unit of an element that still has the chemical p…
Referring to small particles that make up atom including elec…
molecule
The smallest unit of a compound
Elements
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into similar…
67 terms
IGCSE chemistry (general vocabulary)
Melting
Freezing
Condensation
Evaporation
Solid changing into a liquid
Liquid changing into a solid
Gas/vapour changing into a liquid
Liquid changing into a gas/vapour
Melting
Solid changing into a liquid
Freezing
Liquid changing into a solid
23 terms
Cos science- general chemistry
Chemistry
Organic chemistry
Inorganic chemistry
Matter
Study of matter and the changes it undergoes
The study of substances that contain the element carbon
The study of substances that do not contan the element carbon
Anything that has volume(occupies space) and mass
Chemistry
Study of matter and the changes it undergoes
Organic chemistry
The study of substances that contain the element carbon
10 terms
General Science/Chemistry
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that takes up space and has mass
all matter is composed of a substance called ____
smallest piece of an element
chemical structure composed of more than one atom
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
all matter is composed of a substance called ____
244 terms
General Science (Year of Vocabulary)
bias
constant
control
density
occurs when a scientist's expectations change how the results…
in an experiment, a variable that does not change when other…
standard used for comparison of test results in an experiment
mass per unit volume of a material
bias
occurs when a scientist's expectations change how the results…
constant
in an experiment, a variable that does not change when other…
16 terms
General Science Chemistry/Matter Unit
chemistry
matter
atom
compound
the scientific study of the composition, structure & properti…
anything that has mass and takes up space
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
a substance made of 2 or more different elements that are che…
chemistry
the scientific study of the composition, structure & properti…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
143 terms
General Chemistry Vocabulary
pH
Electrolytic Cell
Ideal Gas Law
Molar Solubility
- Scaled value used to measure the acidic strength of a solut…
- An electrochemical cell that uses an external electric sour…
- A unification of Boyle's law, Charles's law, Gay-Lussac's l…
- The molarity of a solute such that a solution is saturated…
pH
- Scaled value used to measure the acidic strength of a solut…
Electrolytic Cell
- An electrochemical cell that uses an external electric sour…
11 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Mass
Base Unit
Second
Meter
A measure that reflects the amount of matter.
A defined unit in a system of measurement that is based on an…
The SI base unit for time.
The SI base unit for length.
Mass
A measure that reflects the amount of matter.
Base Unit
A defined unit in a system of measurement that is based on an…
32 terms
General Chemistry Vocabulary
Qualitative Data
Ground State
Isotopes
Valence Electrons
The observations done with your senses.
The lowest state of energy of the electron in an atom
Are atoms of the same element but with different mass and dif…
The outermost s and p electrons in an atom.
Qualitative Data
The observations done with your senses.
Ground State
The lowest state of energy of the electron in an atom
24 terms
General Science Vocabulary
generalize
conclude
hypothesis
theory
A broad statement or an idea that applies to a group of peopl…
To determine the answer by reasoning or working out a problem.
An idea or explanation that you then test through study and e…
A well-thought out explanation of some aspect of the natural…
generalize
A broad statement or an idea that applies to a group of peopl…
conclude
To determine the answer by reasoning or working out a problem.
18 terms
General Science Vocabulary
1. Property
2. Observation
3. Qualitative Data
4. Quantitative Data
words or data used to describe an object
Information gathered through study using numerous methods
Data gathered through you 5 senses
Number data usually gathered through measurement
1. Property
words or data used to describe an object
2. Observation
Information gathered through study using numerous methods
15 terms
General Science Vocabulary - Part I
zoology
organisms
vertebrate
vertebrae
the study of animals
living things
an animal with a backbone
small bones and cartilage that make up the backbone
zoology
the study of animals
organisms
living things
18 terms
General Science Vocabulary
1. Property
2. Observation
3. Qualitative Data
4. Quantitative Data
words or data used to describe an object
Information gathered through study using numerous methods
Data gathered through you 5 senses
Number data usually gathered through measurement
1. Property
words or data used to describe an object
2. Observation
Information gathered through study using numerous methods
6 terms
General Science Chemistry Safety quiz
Always act in the lab
When adding ingredients
Only do experiences my teacher approve…
leave all equipment and chemicals alon…
Responsible and mature in the lab. DON'T PLAY AROUND OR BE SI…
Read all procedures thoroughly and follow instructions and di…
follow all instructions exactly!
instructed to use them
Always act in the lab
Responsible and mature in the lab. DON'T PLAY AROUND OR BE SI…
When adding ingredients
Read all procedures thoroughly and follow instructions and di…
74 terms
Comprehensive Vocabulary for General Science
composition
rock
magma
igneous
what something is made of, what is in something
made up of one or more minerals
melted rock
melted rock that has cooled
composition
what something is made of, what is in something
rock
made up of one or more minerals
106 terms
General Chemistry I Vocabulary
Density
Precision
Proton
Neutron
An intensive physical property of a substance at a given temp…
(also reproducibility) The closeness of a measurement to othe…
(p+) A subatomic particle found in the nucleus that has a uni…
(n^0) An uncharged subatomic particle found in the nucleus, w…
Density
An intensive physical property of a substance at a given temp…
Precision
(also reproducibility) The closeness of a measurement to othe…
General Chemistry Vocabulary
Qualitative
Quantitative
Accuracy
Precision
Physical descriptors (shape, size, color, general appearance)
Numbers and measurements
How close a measurement is to a true value
How consistent the measurements are when the measurements are…
Qualitative
Physical descriptors (shape, size, color, general appearance)
Quantitative
Numbers and measurements
9 terms
General Science Vocabulary
Diffusion
Osmosis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
The movement of materials from areas of high concentration to…
The diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane. An e…
Organisms that can make their own food using energy from the…
Organisms that cannot make their own food. An example would b…
Diffusion
The movement of materials from areas of high concentration to…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane. An e…
91 terms
General Chemistry I Vocabulary
Matter
Atom
Structure
Molecule
has mass and occupies space.
The smallest representative particle of an element
Arrangement of those atoms
2 or more atoms joined together in a specific shape by covale…
Matter
has mass and occupies space.
Atom
The smallest representative particle of an element
64 terms
Science&technology general vocabulary part 1 (physics, chemistry, space)
chemist
astronomer
physicist
beaker
химик
астроном
физик
мензурка
chemist
химик
astronomer
астроном
12 terms
Science of Crime: General Principles of Chemistry
Matter
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
3 Principle States of Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
can be measured without altering the chemical composition; ex…
features of a material that act as a basis for the chemical r…
solid, liquid, gas
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Physical Properties
can be measured without altering the chemical composition; ex…
40 terms
General Chemistry Vocabularies (2)
valence shell
VSEPR (valence-shell electron-pair rep…
dipole moment
polar molecules
outermost electron-occupied shell of an atom; it holds the el…
it accounts for the geometric arrangements of electron pairs…
product of the charge Q and the distance r between the charges
diatomic molecules containing atoms of different elements hav…
valence shell
outermost electron-occupied shell of an atom; it holds the el…
VSEPR (valence-shell electron-pair rep…
it accounts for the geometric arrangements of electron pairs…
15 terms
General Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Concave lens
Concave mirror
Convex len
Convex mirror
A lens that is thinner in the middle than at the edges
A mirror with a surface that curves inward
A lens that is thicker in the middle than at the edges
A mirror with a surface that curves outward
Concave lens
A lens that is thinner in the middle than at the edges
Concave mirror
A mirror with a surface that curves inward
18 terms
General Science Vocabulary
scientific principle
monitoring
minimize
maximize
based on scientific laws - rules that are accepted as true
the act of observing something (and sometimes keeping a recor…
making as small as possible
make as big or large as possible
scientific principle
based on scientific laws - rules that are accepted as true
monitoring
the act of observing something (and sometimes keeping a recor…
27 terms
Unit 4 Vocabulary General Science
Classification
Element
Compound
Mixture
Grouping things together according to their similar character…
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
are substances that are formed when two or more elements comb…
formed when two or more substance are mixed together but do n…
Classification
Grouping things together according to their similar character…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
16 terms
General Chemistry Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Conservation of Energy
Physical properties
Matter
Matter can not be created or destroyed.
Energy can not be created or destroyed, only transferred or t…
Observed or measured without changing the substance. Properti…
Anything that has mass and volume.
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter can not be created or destroyed.
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy can not be created or destroyed, only transferred or t…
100 terms
General Science Midterm Vocabulary
Matter
Experiment
Operation Science
Origins Science
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A controlled test to see what happens in a certain situation.
Can be repeated and reproduced by other scientists.
Often called historical science, does not deal with repeatabl…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Experiment
A controlled test to see what happens in a certain situation.
30 terms
Chemistry Unit General Vocabulary
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Anything that takes up space (volume) and has mass.
Atoms are close--definite shape and volume.
Atoms are less tightly packed--they flow over each other. No…
Atoms fill up available space--no definite volume or mass.
Matter
Anything that takes up space (volume) and has mass.
Solid
Atoms are close--definite shape and volume.
29 terms
General Science Vocabulary
Problem
Hypothesis
Apparatus
Observation
A question to be investigated in an experiment
A prediction that can be tested, A statement of predicted rel…
An instrument, material, or tool used for a specific purpose.
Information gathered directly by using one or more of the 5 s…
Problem
A question to be investigated in an experiment
Hypothesis
A prediction that can be tested, A statement of predicted rel…
14 terms
General Chemistry Vocabulary
weight
nuclei
bond
disease
poids
noyau
liaison
maladie
weight
poids
nuclei
noyau
35 terms
General Chemistry Vocabulary
proton
neutron
electrons
nucleus
a subatomic particle that carries a single positive charge an…
a subatomic particle contained within the nucleus of an atom;…
a subatomic particle that remains outside the nucleus and car…
the small central region of an atom; a dense, positively char…
proton
a subatomic particle that carries a single positive charge an…
neutron
a subatomic particle contained within the nucleus of an atom;…
11 terms
General Science Vocabulary: Experiments
Materials
Procedure
Hypothesis
Independent Variable (Manipulated vari…
Things needed to run the experiment
Steps to follow when running the experiiment
A prediction about what the results of the experiment will be…
The one variable that will be changed compared to the control…
Materials
Things needed to run the experiment
Procedure
Steps to follow when running the experiiment
29 terms
General Chemistry Vocabulary
double-displacement/metathesis reaction
atomic mass
atomic weight
electronegativity [trend]
2 reactants and 2 products getting rearranged (also, double d…
in amu; the exact mass of a particular isotope of an element
in g/mol; the weighted average of the atomic masses that exis…
up and to the right; fluorine is most EN
double-displacement/metathesis reaction
2 reactants and 2 products getting rearranged (also, double d…
atomic mass
in amu; the exact mass of a particular isotope of an element
15 terms
General Science: Cell Vocabulary
CYTOPLASM
PROKARYOTES
ORGANELLES
CELL THEORY
The space inside the cell that is outside the nucleus.
Generally small simple cells, mostly bacteria that do not hav…
Specialized structures within a cell that act as if they are…
States that new cells come from existing cells, all living th…
CYTOPLASM
The space inside the cell that is outside the nucleus.
PROKARYOTES
Generally small simple cells, mostly bacteria that do not hav…
35 terms
General Chemistry Vocabulary
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Hypothesis
Have a definite volume and shape. The molecules are fixed and…
Have a definite volume but not a definite shape. The molecule…
Have no definite shape or volume. There are no engagements or…
An educated guess.
Solids
Have a definite volume and shape. The molecules are fixed and…
Liquids
Have a definite volume but not a definite shape. The molecule…
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