Study sets matching "vocabulary test earth science chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary test earth science chapter 4"

50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
Earth Science - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Matter
Mass
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter in any object
characteristics that can be observed without changing the com…
characteristics that describe how a substance reacts with oth…
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
the amount of matter in any object
12 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Outer Planets
Inner Planets
Star
Moon
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
Object that makes its own light
Satellite that orbits a planet
Outer Planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto
Inner Planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
rock
rock cycle
igneous rock
lava
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
rock
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Star
Planet
Moon
Solar System
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
Natural satellite that orbits a planet
A star, such as the sun, and all of the objects that revolve…
Star
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
Planet
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Geology
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
surrounds the inner core, this is LIQUID iron and nickel
the thickest layer of the earth - it is mostly iron, silicon…
Geology
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
Inner Core
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weathering
physical weathering
frost action
chemical weathering
When rock is broken into smaller peices
Breaking apart rocks without changing the mineral composition
When water gets into cracks in rocks, freezes, expands, and b…
When a rock breaks down with a change in mineral composition;…
weathering
When rock is broken into smaller peices
physical weathering
Breaking apart rocks without changing the mineral composition
Earth Science Chapter 4
Rock
Grains
How do geologists use grains to classi…
What are two observations geologists u…
A natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Fragments that make up a rock
By the grain's size, shape, and chemical composition
Texture and composition
Rock
A natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Grains
Fragments that make up a rock
31 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
10 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 4
rock cycle
rock
erosion
deposition
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
wind, water, ice, or gravity transport soil and sediment form…
process in which material is laid down
rock cycle
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
coal
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a hard, black substance formed from plants that lived about 3…
renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
Earth Science Chapter 4 Minerals
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
a naturally occuring, inorganic solid with a specific chemica…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
molten (melted) material found beneath Earth's surface
mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and make up approxi…
mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic solid with a specific chemica…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
Earth Science chapter 4 vocabulary
constant
control
dependent variable
hypothesis
a factor the remains the same during an experiment
the standard used for comparison in an experiment
a variable measured during an experiment
a statement that can be tested
constant
a factor the remains the same during an experiment
control
the standard used for comparison in an experiment
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Star
Planet
Moon
Solar System
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
Natural satellite that orbits a planet
A star, such as the sun, and all of the objects that revolve…
Star
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
Planet
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
13 terms
EArth science chapter 4- earth's resources vocabulary
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
ore
Can be replenished over fairly short time spans, such as mont…
takes millions of years to form and accumulate.
includes coal, oil and natural gas .
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
renewable resource
Can be replenished over fairly short time spans, such as mont…
nonrenewable resource
takes millions of years to form and accumulate.
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
Geology
Gravity (gravitational field)
Light year
MOHO
Study of the Earth (soil,rocks,fossils, & minerals) by geolog…
Holds moon, atmosphere, and everything on the planet's surfac…
The distance that light travels on a year (6 trillion miles)
Separates the crust from the mantle (Mohorovicic discontinuity)
Geology
Study of the Earth (soil,rocks,fossils, & minerals) by geolog…
Gravity (gravitational field)
Holds moon, atmosphere, and everything on the planet's surfac…
Earth science chapter 4 vocabulary
basaltic
cementation
compaction
extrusive
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense, minerals…
The process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue…
the process that presses sediments together
fine-grained igneous rock that forms when magma cools quickly…
basaltic
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense, minerals…
cementation
The process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Deep-time view
Crust
The study of earth's structures, materials, and processes.
Once held as a fundamental principle of geology, it is the be…
The idea that the earth is ancient-billions of years ago
The earth's solid, relatively low-density outermost layer of…
Geology
The study of earth's structures, materials, and processes.
Uniformitarianism
Once held as a fundamental principle of geology, it is the be…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Rocks
Texture
Grains
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
the look and feel of the rock's surface
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
a type of rock that forms form the cooling of molten rock at…
a type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Texture
the look and feel of the rock's surface
Grains
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
24 terms
Glencoe Science Earth Science Chapter 4 Minerals
mineral
crystal
magma
Silicate
A naturally occurring... inorganic ... solid ... with a specific chemi…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in regular repeating…
molten (melted) material found beneath Earth's surface
mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and make up approxi…
mineral
A naturally occurring... inorganic ... solid ... with a specific chemi…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in regular repeating…
Holt Earth Science Chapter 4
rock
rock cycle
erosion
deposition
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
The process in which material is laid down
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
Element
Atom
Can be observed without changing substance's composition. Den…
How a substance reacts with other substances. Oxygen causes i…
Substance in its purest form that cannot be separated.
Smallest unit of an element that shares the same characterist…
Physical Properties
Can be observed without changing substance's composition. Den…
Chemical Properties
How a substance reacts with other substances. Oxygen causes i…
Earth Science Chapter 4
The point on the Earth's surface havin…
The distance in degrees east or west o…
Topographic maps are usually large-sca…
A mineral must be inorganic, which mea…
where the equator crosses the prime meridian
longitude
a close-up view of part of Earth's surface
no materials that were once part of living things
The point on the Earth's surface havin…
where the equator crosses the prime meridian
The distance in degrees east or west o…
longitude
31 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
Charles Lyell
Charles Darwin
James Hutton
John Whitcomb
Father of Geology; uniformitarianism
Father of Evolution
Founder of Modern Geology; believed that the earth is ancient…
co-authored The Genesis Flood; restored the young earth view
Charles Lyell
Father of Geology; uniformitarianism
Charles Darwin
Father of Evolution
30 terms
BJU Earth science chapter 4 review
geology
Charles Lyell
Henry Morris
moon
_____________means the study of the earth
The "Father of Geology"
Helped John Whitcomb write the book"The Genesis Flood" that r…
The lesser light to rule the earth
geology
_____________means the study of the earth
Charles Lyell
The "Father of Geology"
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
renewable resources
nonrenewable resource
hydroelectric power
geothermal energy
Any natural resource that can replenish itself in a relativel…
a natural resource that is not replenished or replaced by nat…
Electricity produced using the energy of flowing water
Energy from steam or hot water produced from hot or molten un…
renewable resources
Any natural resource that can replenish itself in a relativel…
nonrenewable resource
a natural resource that is not replenished or replaced by nat…
37 terms
Earth Science chapter 4
Earth's gravity
Earth's structure
Our moon
The Earth's tilt
The earth has just the right amount of gravity at its surface…
The earth has a solid surface constructed in layers. These la…
Are moon is 100 times larger than the average man. It causes…
The Earth's tilt and rotation speed allow the sun to evenly h…
Earth's gravity
The earth has just the right amount of gravity at its surface…
Earth's structure
The earth has a solid surface constructed in layers. These la…
34 terms
Chapter 4 Earth Science Vocabulary
matter
element
atom
proton
that which has mass and occupies space
an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a co…
basic unit of matter
Positively charged particle
matter
that which has mass and occupies space
element
an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a co…
15 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Rock
Rock Cycle
Igneous rock
Lava
mixture o one or more minerals, volcanic glass, organic matte…
model that describes how rocks slowly change from one form to…
intrusive or extrusive rock formed when hot magma cools and h…
thick, gooey, molten rock material flowing from volcanoes ont…
Rock
mixture o one or more minerals, volcanic glass, organic matte…
Rock Cycle
model that describes how rocks slowly change from one form to…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
abrasion
agents of erosion
bedrock
chemical weathering
A form of physical weathering that is caused by collisions of…
The processes that cause erosion- wind, water, gravity, glaci…
A solid rock layer which is the lowest layer of the soil hori…
Weathering that changes the mineral composition of a rock, wh…
abrasion
A form of physical weathering that is caused by collisions of…
agents of erosion
The processes that cause erosion- wind, water, gravity, glaci…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Asteroid
Asteroid belt
Atmosphere
Comet
Rocky object, smaller than a planet, that orbits the sun
Region between Mars and Jupiter where most asteroids orbit th…
Envelope of gas surrounding an object in space
Ball of ice, rock, frozen gases, and dust that orbits the sun
Asteroid
Rocky object, smaller than a planet, that orbits the sun
Asteroid belt
Region between Mars and Jupiter where most asteroids orbit th…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
a carbon-containing fuel that formed over millions of years f…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
Earth Science Chapter 4
Rock Forming Mineral
Granite
Basalt
What is the most common type of rock o…
The common minerals that make up most of the rocks on Earth's…
A light colored rock that has high silica content
Dark colored rock that is low in silica
Basalt
Rock Forming Mineral
The common minerals that make up most of the rocks on Earth's…
Granite
A light colored rock that has high silica content
44 terms
Chapter 4 earth science vocabulary
Oblate spheroid
Hemisphere
Equator
Prime meridian
A sphere that is slightly flattened at the poles and slightly…
Half of the earths sphere
An imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from…
An imaginary line representing zero degrees longitude, runnin…
Oblate spheroid
A sphere that is slightly flattened at the poles and slightly…
Hemisphere
Half of the earths sphere
12 terms
Chapter 4 Earth Science Vocabulary
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
silicone and oxygen are bonded
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Cleavage
Crystal
Fracture
hardness
when a mineral breaks along planes where atomic bonding is we…
solid in which atoms are arranged in repeating patterns.
when a mineral breaks into pieces with arclike, rough, or jag…
measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched, which is de…
Cleavage
when a mineral breaks along planes where atomic bonding is we…
Crystal
solid in which atoms are arranged in repeating patterns.
52 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Aeolian
Aeolian Process
Aeolian landforms
Deserts
Pertaining to geological processes powered by the wind.
include the erosion, transport, and deposition of material by…
Geomorphic change primarily in deserts, but can do work in co…
a barren region with little or no rainfall, usually sandy and…
Aeolian
Pertaining to geological processes powered by the wind.
Aeolian Process
include the erosion, transport, and deposition of material by…
40 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics
asthenosphere
continental crust
divergent boundary
terrane
Zone of mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of slowl…
Material that makes up landmasses.
Boundary formed by two lithospheric plates that are moving ap…
Piece of land with a geologic history distinct from that of t…
asthenosphere
Zone of mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of slowl…
continental crust
Material that makes up landmasses.
Earth science Chapter 4 vocabulary
Rock
Grains
Texture
Magma
Is a natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Geologists call the fragments that make up a rock
Grain size and the way grains fit together in a rock
Molten or liquid rock underground
Rock
Is a natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Grains
Geologists call the fragments that make up a rock
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Earth Centered Model
Ellipse
Sun Centered Model
Nebula
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
A slightly flattened circle
Copernicus's Model of the solar system
A cloud of gas and dust
Earth Centered Model
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
Ellipse
A slightly flattened circle
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Earth Centered Model
Ellipse
Sun Centered Model
Nebula
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
A slightly flattened circle
Copernicus's Model of the solar system
A cloud of gas and dust
Earth Centered Model
Ptolemy's Model of the solar system
Ellipse
A slightly flattened circle
Glencoe: Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Rock
Rock Cycle
Igneous Rock
Lava
mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organic…
model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
rock formed when magma cools and hardens
magma the reaches the earth's surface flowing from volcanoes…
Rock
mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organic…
Rock Cycle
model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Core
Inner core
Outer core
P waves
the central portion of the Earth
the solid center of the Earth
the liquid layer of the Earth's core that surrounds the inner…
(primary seismic waves) the fastest seismic waves that travel…
Core
the central portion of the Earth
Inner core
the solid center of the Earth
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
Rock (1)
Grain (1)
Texture (1)
Magma (1)
A naturally occurring solid composed of minerals, rock fragme…
An individual particle in a rock.
A rock's grain size and the way the grains fit together.
Molten rock stored beneath Earth's surface.
Rock (1)
A naturally occurring solid composed of minerals, rock fragme…
Grain (1)
An individual particle in a rock.
50 terms
Chapter 4 Earth Science
External processes
Internal processes
Weathering
Mass wasting
Occur at or near Earth's surface and are powered by energy fr…
Derive their energy from Earth's interior; some parts of Eart…
The physical breakdown (disintegration) and chemical alterati…
The transfer of rock and soil downslope under the influence o…
External processes
Occur at or near Earth's surface and are powered by energy fr…
Internal processes
Derive their energy from Earth's interior; some parts of Eart…
15 terms
Earth Science chapter 4 vocabulary
Basaltic
Cementation
Compaction
Foliated
Describes dense, dark-colored, igneous rocks formed from magm…
Sedimentary rock forming process in which sediment grains are…
Process that forms sedimentary rocks when layers of sediments…
Describes metamorphic rock, such as slate and gneiss, whose m…
Basaltic
Describes dense, dark-colored, igneous rocks formed from magm…
Cementation
Sedimentary rock forming process in which sediment grains are…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
External Processes
The Sun
Earth's Age
Internal Processes
Natural processes that occur at or near the Earth's surface,…
A star that powers the Earth's external processes
4.543 billion years
Natural processes that occur within the Earth, and are powere…
External Processes
Natural processes that occur at or near the Earth's surface,…
The Sun
A star that powers the Earth's external processes
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