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Study sets matching "vocabulary test earth science chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "vocabulary test earth science chapter 6"

18 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 6
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks; forms mou…
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
tension
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
17 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Rock Cycle
Bowen's Reaction Series
Igneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous Rock
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Bowen's Reaction Series
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
28 terms
Earth Science chapter 6
Gradient
stream channel
Discharge
tributary
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
the course the water in a stream follows.
a stream is the volume of water flowing past a certain point…
a stream that empties into another stream.
Gradient
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
stream channel
the course the water in a stream follows.
16 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary-Earth Science
Sediments
Lithification
Cementation
Bedding
Small pieces of rock moved or deposited by water or wind.
The physical and chemical processes that turn sediment into r…
Mineral growth that glues sediment together into solid rock.
The way sediment settles out of the water and wind.
Sediments
Small pieces of rock moved or deposited by water or wind.
Lithification
The physical and chemical processes that turn sediment into r…
25 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 6
Aftershocks
mountain ranges
San Andreas Fault
strike-slip
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
Most major faults in the United states are found in
What is the name of the longest strike -slip fault in souther…
a transform fault
Aftershocks
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
mountain ranges
Most major faults in the United states are found in
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
Water cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
The process in which plants release water into the atmosphere.
The slope of a stream over a certain distance.
Water cycle
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
29 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 6
catastrophism
uniformitarianism
Hutton
glacier
theory that geological changes are sudden and violent (earthq…
theory that geological changes are gradual and slow (continen…
founder of uniformitarianism theory
compressed layers of snow that move and flow slowly under the…
catastrophism
theory that geological changes are sudden and violent (earthq…
uniformitarianism
theory that geological changes are gradual and slow (continen…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
Gradient
stream channel
Discharge
tributary
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
the course the water in a stream follows.
a stream is the volume of water flowing past a certain point…
a stream that empties into another stream.
Gradient
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
stream channel
the course the water in a stream follows.
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6: Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks-Vocabulary
sediment
deposition
lithification
cementation
solid particles deposited on Earth's surface that can form se…
occurs when sediments are laid down on the ground or sink to…
transformation of sediments into rock through compaction and…
process of sedimentary rock formation that occurs when dissol…
sediment
solid particles deposited on Earth's surface that can form se…
deposition
occurs when sediments are laid down on the ground or sink to…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
Sediment
a rock from volcanic activity
molten rock
magma when its exposed to Earth's surface
rocks, mineral crystals, and organic matter that have been br…
Igneous Rock
a rock from volcanic activity
Magma
molten rock
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
When plants absorb water and release it into the atmosphere.
The slope of a stream over a certain distance.
Water Cycle
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
10 terms
Chapter 6 Earthquakes Earth Science
Aftershock
earthquake
fault zone
seismic gap
tremor that follows and is smaller than a major earthquake
vibration of the earth's crust
group of interconnected earthquakes
earthquake zone no activity
Aftershock
tremor that follows and is smaller than a major earthquake
earthquake
vibration of the earth's crust
17 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
minor planet
asteroid
comet
coma
A term used to describe objects such as asteroids, that are i…
any of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and m…
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
(astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the f…
minor planet
A term used to describe objects such as asteroids, that are i…
asteroid
any of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and m…
8 terms
Earth Science chapter 6 vocabulary
Atom
Compound
Element
Matter
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Substance formed when the atoms of two or more elements join…
Substance that cannot be changed or separated into other kind…
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Compound
Substance formed when the atoms of two or more elements join…
59 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 6
Ground shaking caused by the sudden ra…
A break in a rock mass along which mov…
The zone at depth within Earth where t…
The point on Earth's surface that lies…
Earthquake
Fault
Focus (or hypocenter)
Epicenter
Ground shaking caused by the sudden ra…
Earthquake
A break in a rock mass along which mov…
Fault
29 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
minor planet
asteroid
comet
head of comet
A rocky object in orbit around the sun, smaller than a plant…
Any of the rocky minor planets orbit the sun, mainly between…
A relatively small, icy satellite of the sun, usually with a…
A nucleus and coma of a comet.
minor planet
A rocky object in orbit around the sun, smaller than a plant…
asteroid
Any of the rocky minor planets orbit the sun, mainly between…
25 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 6
Aftershocks
mountain ranges
San Andreas Fault
strike-slip
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
Most major faults in the United states are found in
What is the name of the longest strike -slip fault in souther…
a transform fault
Aftershocks
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
mountain ranges
Most major faults in the United states are found in
Earth Science: Chapter 6
igneous rock
lava
magma
sedimentary rock
formed through the melting and solidification of magma of lava
molten rock found on the surface of the Earth
molten rock found inside the Earth
formed through the weathering, erosion, deposition, compactio…
igneous rock
formed through the melting and solidification of magma of lava
lava
molten rock found on the surface of the Earth
29 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
minor planet
asteroid
comet
head
...
...
...
...
minor planet
...
asteroid
...
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6: Running Water and Ground Water
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
the process where plants absorb water through the roots and t…
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
Water Cycle
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
32 terms
Chapter 6 Earth Science Vocabulary Terms
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
the movement of surface water into rock or sol through cracks…
process where plants absorb water through the roots and then…
the slope of a stream over a certain distance.
Water Cycle
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
the movement of surface water into rock or sol through cracks…
18 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 6
Sediment
clastic
deposition
lithification
solid particles deposited on Earth's surface that can form se…
describes rock and mineral fragments produced by weathering a…
occurs when sediments are laid down on the ground or sink to…
transformation of sediments into rock through compaction and…
Sediment
solid particles deposited on Earth's surface that can form se…
clastic
describes rock and mineral fragments produced by weathering a…
25 terms
Mr Mark BJU Earth Science chapter 6
Aftershocks
mountain ranges
San Andreas Fault
strike-slip
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
Most major faults in the United states are found in
What is the name of the longest strike -slip fault in souther…
a transform fault
Aftershocks
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
mountain ranges
Most major faults in the United states are found in
32 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
the evaporation of water from the surface of a plant
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
Water Cycle
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
20 terms
earth science chapter 6 vocabulary
absolute age
carbon-14
correlation
decay product
its age in years
radioactive isotope of carbon; has 6 protons and 8 neutrons i…
matching similar rock strata in different locations to infer…
a radioactive isotope will break down naturally into a differ…
absolute age
its age in years
carbon-14
radioactive isotope of carbon; has 6 protons and 8 neutrons i…
30 terms
Earth Science chapter 6 review
landform
plains
elevation
plateaus
natural feature of a land's surface
large, relatively flat areas... 50% of US
distance above or below sea level... sea level is 0
relatively flat, raised areas of land... example: Colorado Plateau
landform
natural feature of a land's surface
plains
large, relatively flat areas... 50% of US
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
Earthquake
Aftershocks
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
Series of low-frequency shock waves traveling through the Ear…
Secondary earthquakes
Techtonic plates move together
Techtonic plates move apart
Earthquake
Series of low-frequency shock waves traveling through the Ear…
Aftershocks
Secondary earthquakes
17 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 6
rock cycle
Bowen's Reaction series
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
geologic forces and processes cause rock to change from one t…
The simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Magma that cools deep inside Earths crust
rock cycle
geologic forces and processes cause rock to change from one t…
Bowen's Reaction series
The simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6.1 /2 Vocabulary
Weather
Air Mass
Wind
Thermal
The condition of the atmosphere as it is affected by temperat…
A large body of air with consistent temperature and moisture…
The horizontal movement of air that occurs as a result of pre…
A small, upward flow of warm air.
Weather
The condition of the atmosphere as it is affected by temperat…
Air Mass
A large body of air with consistent temperature and moisture…
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocab
Rock Cycle
Bowen's Reaction Series
Igneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous Rock
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
Bowen's Reaction Series
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
24 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 6 Earth Science
Compass
Compass rose
Direction
Elevation
Handheld device with a magnetic needle used to find magnetic…
Figure on a map or nautical chart for displaying locations of…
The location of something relative to something else
Height of a feature measured relative to sea level
Compass
Handheld device with a magnetic needle used to find magnetic…
Compass rose
Figure on a map or nautical chart for displaying locations of…
15 terms
Science Chapter 6- Views of Earth Vocabulary
Conic Projection
Contour Line
Equator
Fault Block Mountain
Used to make maps of small areas. These maps are good for mid…
A line on a map that connects points of the same elevation an…
An imaginary line that circles around Earth and divides halfw…
Huge, tilted blocks of rocks that are separated from other su…
Conic Projection
Used to make maps of small areas. These maps are good for mid…
Contour Line
A line on a map that connects points of the same elevation an…
10 terms
CA Earth Science Ch 6.3
Shield volcano
cinder cone
composite volcano
lava plateaus
A wide, gently sloping mountain formed when thin layers of la…
A steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain formed when volca…
A tall, pointed, mountain formed when layers of lava and ash…
A wide, flat surface formed when lava comes out of cracks in…
Shield volcano
A wide, gently sloping mountain formed when thin layers of la…
cinder cone
A steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain formed when volca…
99 terms
Chapter 6 Earth Science
Environmental science
Pollution
Pollution factors
Goals of environmental science
Interdisciplinary study of humanity's relationship with other…
Any addition to air, water, or soil that harms the health, su…
1. Chemical nature ... 2. Concentration ... 3. Persistance ... 4. Poll…
1. Establish principles about how the natural world functions…
Environmental science
Interdisciplinary study of humanity's relationship with other…
Pollution
Any addition to air, water, or soil that harms the health, su…
10 terms
Chapter 6 Earth Science
canyon
plateau
How can trees cause the weathering of…
How can oceans erode rocks?
a deep valley between cliffs
a raised area of flat land
by growing in their cracks
by carrying away pieces of rock
canyon
a deep valley between cliffs
plateau
a raised area of flat land
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Earthquake
Elastic Strain
Focus
Fault
Rupture and sudden movement of rock along a fault.
Energy stored as a change in shape.
Location where energy is first released in an earthquake.
A fracture in rock along which rocks on one side have moved r…
Earthquake
Rupture and sudden movement of rock along a fault.
Elastic Strain
Energy stored as a change in shape.
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
What is oceanography ?
What is salinity ?
What is thermocline ?
What 2 factors determine density ?
study of oceans
amount of salt in water
where warm water meets cold water
salinity and temperature
What is oceanography ?
study of oceans
What is salinity ?
amount of salt in water
25 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 6
Aftershocks
mountain ranges
San Andreas Fault
strike-slip
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
Most major faults in the United states are found in
What is the name of the longest strike -slip fault in souther…
a transform fault
Aftershocks
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
mountain ranges
Most major faults in the United states are found in
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
water cycle
infiltration
transpiration
gradient
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
water cycle
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
infiltration
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
53 terms
Science 7, EARTH SCIENCE, CHAPTER 6, Views of Earth
What are latitude and longitude lines?
What is 180º longitude?
Which line cuts the world into north a…
Longitude lines run from __________ to…
imaginary lines that divide the Earth AND ARE USED TO IDENTIF…
International Date Line
equator
north, south
What are latitude and longitude lines?
imaginary lines that divide the Earth AND ARE USED TO IDENTIF…
What is 180º longitude?
International Date Line
17 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Earth Science
Rock
Igneous
Sedimentary
Mafic
A naturally formed group of minerals bound together; can cons…
describing rock formed by the cooling and hardening of magma;…
Describing rock formed by the compaction and cementing of lay…
Type of magma rich in iron and magnesium and low n silica; fo…
Rock
A naturally formed group of minerals bound together; can cons…
Igneous
describing rock formed by the cooling and hardening of magma;…
Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
When plants absorb water and release it into the atmosphere.
The slope of a stream over a certain distance.
Water Cycle
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
35 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 6
Accelerometer
Seismometer
Earthquake
Stress
Sensors that measure changes in speed, such as the shakes pro…
An instrument that measures earth waves
A series of low frequency shock waves traveling through the e…
A measure of force exerted within an object
Accelerometer
Sensors that measure changes in speed, such as the shakes pro…
Seismometer
An instrument that measures earth waves
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6 vocabulary
earthquake
stress
compression
tension
A series of low frequency seismic or earth waves
Any force exerted on the matter in an object
Forces or stresses that act to squeeze or crush an object
Forces or stresses that act to pull an object or substance ap…
earthquake
A series of low frequency seismic or earth waves
stress
Any force exerted on the matter in an object
72 terms
Chapter 6 Earth Science
Glacier
2 basic cycles of glaciers are part of
Valley/alpine glaciers
Ice sheets/continental glaciers
A thick ice mass that forms over hundreds or thousands of years
1. Hydrologic cycle... 2. Rock cycle
Advance slowly (few cm/day) and follow valleys originally occ…
Enormous masses that flow out in all directions from one or m…
Glacier
A thick ice mass that forms over hundreds or thousands of years
2 basic cycles of glaciers are part of
1. Hydrologic cycle... 2. Rock cycle
23 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 6
List the layers of the earth starting…
On the diagram, draw the 4 layers and…
What are the cores composed of?
What is the difference in the cores?
crust- upper mantle- lower mantle- outer core- inner core
85% Fe and 15% Ni
the inner core is solid and the outer core is liquid
List the layers of the earth starting…
crust- upper mantle- lower mantle- outer core- inner core
On the diagram, draw the 4 layers and…
17 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 6
rock cycle
Bowen's Reaction series
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
geologic forces and processes cause rock to change from one t…
The simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Magma that cools deep inside Earths crust
rock cycle
geologic forces and processes cause rock to change from one t…
Bowen's Reaction series
The simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 6
The Water Cycle
Transpiration
Balance in the Water Cycle
Discharge
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
Annual average precipitation over Earth equals the amount of…
the quantity of water in a stream that passes a given point i…
The Water Cycle
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
Transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
42 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 6
Accelerometer
Seismometer
Earthquake
Stress
Sensors that measure changes in speed, such as the shakes pro…
An instrument that measures earth waves
A series of low frequency shock waves traveling through the e…
A measure of force exerted within an object
Accelerometer
Sensors that measure changes in speed, such as the shakes pro…
Seismometer
An instrument that measures earth waves
47 terms
Science- Chapter 6- saving Earth's resources
mineral
igneous rock
How do you classify minerals?
sedimentary rock
natural material that forms from nonliving matter, rocks are…
rock formed when magma or lava cools and hardens, example obs…
by looking at a minerals color, hardness, luster, and streak…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
mineral
natural material that forms from nonliving matter, rocks are…
igneous rock
rock formed when magma or lava cools and hardens, example obs…
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