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Study sets matching "volcanoes earthquakes volcanoes volcanoes earthquakes"

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Study sets matching "volcanoes earthquakes volcanoes volcanoes earthquakes"

18 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Magma
Pyroclastic flow
4 layers of the earth
Earthquake
Molten rock BENEATH the earth's surface
Cloud of ash, cinders and gases during a volcanic eruption
Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
A sudden, violent movement within the earth's crust
Magma
Molten rock BENEATH the earth's surface
Pyroclastic flow
Cloud of ash, cinders and gases during a volcanic eruption
22 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dike
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
a volcanic feature formed when lava flows across layers of ro…
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
34 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
lithosphere
Cinder Cone
Shield Cone
Composite Cone
The solid part of the Earth, it is made up of the crust and u…
A type of volcano that is small with steep sides and violent…
A type of volcano that has a wide base and fairly steep sides…
This is the most dangerous type of volcano because it is so u…
lithosphere
The solid part of the Earth, it is made up of the crust and u…
Cinder Cone
A type of volcano that is small with steep sides and violent…
7 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Lava
Earthquake
Fault Line
Crust
Magma once it has erupted from a volcano
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, caused by built u…
Cracks in the Earth's crust, which can be at a boundary betwe…
The outer layer of the Earth, composed of tectonic plates.
Lava
Magma once it has erupted from a volcano
Earthquake
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, caused by built u…
21 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
29 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Divergent
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
Molten, liquid rock that comes out onto the crust
plate boundaries the move away from each other - can create r…
Volcano
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Magma
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
32 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
earthquake
seismic waves
stress
fault block
Sudden release of energy in Earth's crust that creates seismi…
Waves of energy that travel through Earth's layers. Typically…
Forces applied to rocks along a fault.
Large blocks of rock created by tectonic forces in the Earth.
earthquake
Sudden release of energy in Earth's crust that creates seismi…
seismic waves
Waves of energy that travel through Earth's layers. Typically…
22 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Fault
Shield Cone Volcano
Composite Cone Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
medium sized volcano, steep sides and mountain like, made of…
smallest volcano, steep sides, radial symmetry, made of ash a…
Fault
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
Shield Cone Volcano
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
22 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Tectonic Plates
Lava Flow
Earthquakes
Fault
theory that Earth's surface is broken into large, rigid piece…
Long stream of molten rock
Vibrations caused by the rupture and sudden movement of rocks…
A crack or fracture in Earth's lithosphere along with movemen…
Tectonic Plates
theory that Earth's surface is broken into large, rigid piece…
Lava Flow
Long stream of molten rock
15 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Continental drift
Seafloor spreading
Plate tectonics
Convergent boundary
Land masses have shifted into 7 continents on earths surface
new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and the…
Earth's outer shell is divided into several plates that glide…
a region where two (or more) tectonic plates move TOWARD one…
Continental drift
Land masses have shifted into 7 continents on earths surface
Seafloor spreading
new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and the…
18 terms
earthquakes and volcanoes
P-Waves
S-Waves
Tsunami
Focus
The fastest wave generated by an earthquake and the first to…
A wave generated by an earthquake and the second to be record…
A giant Ocean wave that often occurs after a major earthquake…
Area along a fault at which slippage first occurs, initiating…
P-Waves
The fastest wave generated by an earthquake and the first to…
S-Waves
A wave generated by an earthquake and the second to be record…
38 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
What is an Earthquake?
Fault
Where do most earthquakes and volcanoe…
Subduction
Vibrations in the ground resulting from movements along faults
Break in the ground along which there is movement
Along plate boundaries
When an ocean plate sinks into the mantle
What is an Earthquake?
Vibrations in the ground resulting from movements along faults
Fault
Break in the ground along which there is movement
11 terms
volcanoes & earthquakes
plates
fault
epicenter
Richter scale
One of the sheets of rock that make up the earth's outer crust
A large crack in the earth's surface that can cause earthquak…
The area directly above the place where an earthquake occurs.
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
plates
One of the sheets of rock that make up the earth's outer crust
fault
A large crack in the earth's surface that can cause earthquak…
21 terms
Earthquakes/Volcanoes
Primary (P) Waves
Secondary (S) Waves
Surface Waves
Mercalli Scale
Compress and expand the ground
vibrate side to side and/or up and down but not in liquids
P and S waves move slower after becoming surface waves
12 step scale that measures the amount of damage
Primary (P) Waves
Compress and expand the ground
Secondary (S) Waves
vibrate side to side and/or up and down but not in liquids
25 terms
Earthquakes and volcanoes
stress
deformation
compression
folding
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
A change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
the bending of rock layers due to stress
stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
deformation
A change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust
25 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Volcanism
Lava
Vent
Volcano
Movement of magma inside the Earth.
Magma that reaches the Earth's surface.
Volcano opening from which lava flows.
Volcanic mountain or cone that forms from materials that coll…
Volcanism
Movement of magma inside the Earth.
Lava
Magma that reaches the Earth's surface.
21 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
A device that records ground movement
The measurement of an earthquake's str…
A force that acts on a rock
Fault
Seismograph
Magnitude
Stress
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
Fault
A device that records ground movement
Seismograph
13 terms
Volcanoes / Earthquakes
Ring of Fire
Hot Spot
Shield Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
area where magma rises and melts through the crust, reaching…
wide, gently sloping mountain built up of many layers of lava
steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain, made up of layers…
Ring of Fire
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Hot Spot
area where magma rises and melts through the crust, reaching…
22 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Stress
Deformation
Seismic Waves
Seismograph
Stress
Deformation
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
12 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
earthquake
Richter Scale
epicenter
seismograph
the shaking that happens from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
a scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
the point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's f…
a device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
earthquake
the shaking that happens from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Richter Scale
a scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
33 terms
Volcanoes & earthquakes
tectonic plate boundary
Magma
Lava
molten rock
Volcanoes and earthquakes can result from almost ANY ________…
_____ is molten rock that is inside the Earth.
_____ is molten rock on the surface of the Earth.
Volcanoes are formed from _____ ______ erupts, builds up and…
tectonic plate boundary
Volcanoes and earthquakes can result from almost ANY ________…
Magma
_____ is molten rock that is inside the Earth.
26 terms
Volcanoes/Earthquakes
Volcanism
Hot spot
Fissure
Vent
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
long crack in Earth's crust
opening in Earth's crust through which lava erupts and flows…
Volcanism
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
Hot spot
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
36 terms
EARTHQUAKES & VOLCANOES
earthquake
P-wave
S-wave
Surface wave
sudden movement of the earth's crust ... caused by the release o…
AKA compressional wave... fastest wave... particles of medium move…
AKA transverse wave... slower than P-waves... particles of medium v…
slowest of the earthquake waves... travel across the surface of…
earthquake
sudden movement of the earth's crust ... caused by the release o…
P-wave
AKA compressional wave... fastest wave... particles of medium move…
17 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
Lava
Magma
Shield Volcano
Cinder-cone Volcano
Magma that has reached the Earth's surface
...
Has a broad base and erupts thinner fluid that spreads over l…
Built by thick lava that is grown high into air and falls in…
Lava
Magma that has reached the Earth's surface
Magma
...
52 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
20 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
What is a volcano?
Ring of Fire
Hot Spot
quiet eruption
a weak spot in the Earth's crust where magma comes to the sur…
major volcanic belt formed by the many volcanoes thr rim the…
area where magma rises and melts through the crust, reaching…
magma oozes quietly from the vent of the volcano
What is a volcano?
a weak spot in the Earth's crust where magma comes to the sur…
Ring of Fire
major volcanic belt formed by the many volcanoes thr rim the…
35 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
earthquake
focus
epicenter
seismic waves
Vibrations produced by breaking rock.
The EXACT spot in the earth's crust where an earthquake occurs.
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
Vibrations or waves produced by earthquakes.
earthquake
Vibrations produced by breaking rock.
focus
The EXACT spot in the earth's crust where an earthquake occurs.
52 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
33 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Earthquake
Volcano
seismic waves
p-waves
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudde…
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Primary waves, can travel through liquid, solid, and gas. The…
Earthquake
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudde…
Volcano
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
22 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Earthquake
Seismic waves
P waves
S waves
the release of energy along a fault or plate boundary.
the energy released during an Earthquake.
The first wave to arrive during an Earthquake. This wave has…
The second wave to arrive during an Earthquake. This wave onl…
Earthquake
the release of energy along a fault or plate boundary.
Seismic waves
the energy released during an Earthquake.
10 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Fault
Stress
Focus
Tsunami
A break in the earth's crust
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
A huge destructive wave (especially one caused by an earthqua…
Fault
A break in the earth's crust
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
25 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Divergent
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
Molten, liquid rock that comes out onto the crust
plate boundaries the move away from each other - can create r…
Volcano
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Magma
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
8 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Focus
Epicenter
Seismic Waves - primary & secondary
Seismograph
In an earthquake, the point underground where the... rocks firs…
The point on Earth's surface directly above the focus... of an…
The vibrations caused by an earthquake
An instrument that constantly records ground... movements (seis…
Focus
In an earthquake, the point underground where the... rocks firs…
Epicenter
The point on Earth's surface directly above the focus... of an…
63 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
fault
stress
earthquake
What does the strength of an earthquak…
fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere along which bloc…
force exerted when object pushes, pulls another object
shaking of ground caused by sudden movement of large blocks o…
stress and distance
fault
fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere along which bloc…
stress
force exerted when object pushes, pulls another object
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
crust
mantle
core
earthquake
Earth's outer layer; includes the rock of the ocean floor and…
the thickest layer of Earth; found just below the crust
the dense center of Earth; a ball made mostly of two metals,…
a vibration, or shaking, of Earth's crust
crust
Earth's outer layer; includes the rock of the ocean floor and…
mantle
the thickest layer of Earth; found just below the crust
10 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
A device that records ground movement
The measurement of an earthquake's str…
A force that acts on a rock
Fault
Seismograph
Magnitude
Stress
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
Fault
A device that records ground movement
Seismograph
22 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Divergent
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
Molten, liquid rock that comes out onto the crust
plate boundaries the move away from each other - can create r…
Volcano
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Magma
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
25 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
volcano
earthquake
P-wave
S-wave
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Ea…
the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resultin…
squeeze and pull rocks in the same direction along which the…
cause rocks to move at right angles in relation to the direct…
volcano
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Ea…
earthquake
the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resultin…
41 terms
Earthquakes and volcanoes
Earthquake Causes
Fault
Earthquake
Types of Faults
Fault Formation - ... Elastic Limit - is how far they can bend... R…
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
Normal - Break in a rock caused by tension forces... Reverse Fa…
Earthquake Causes
Fault Formation - ... Elastic Limit - is how far they can bend... R…
Fault
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
21 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
P-waves travel fastest through ____.
Molten rock beneath Earth's surface is…
Thinner, easy-flowing lavas are rich i…
When 2 plates move apart, a _____ forms
rock
magma
iron and magnesium
rift
P-waves travel fastest through ____.
rock
Molten rock beneath Earth's surface is…
magma
21 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
volcano
earthquake
magma chamber
pipe
A mountain that forms in the Earth's crust when magma (molten…
An earthquake is the shaking and trembling that results from…
pocket where magma collects
tube that extends from magma chamber to top of volcano
volcano
A mountain that forms in the Earth's crust when magma (molten…
earthquake
An earthquake is the shaking and trembling that results from…
17 terms
EARTHQUAKES AND VOLCANOES
EARTHQUAKES
VOLCANOES
Ash
Crater
هزات ارضية... sudden movements of Earth's crust followed by a se…
بَراكين
رماد
فوهة البركان
EARTHQUAKES
هزات ارضية... sudden movements of Earth's crust followed by a se…
VOLCANOES
بَراكين
12 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
a tool that records earthquakes
a huge ocean wave caused by an earthqu…
True or False... Scientists can stop an e…
True or False... Scientists can measure t…
seismograph
tsunami
FALSE
TRUE
a tool that records earthquakes
seismograph
a huge ocean wave caused by an earthqu…
tsunami
24 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Convection Cells
Crust
Inner Core
Lithosphere
Cyclic patterns that hot softened mantle moves below plates t…
Earth's outermost layer.
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Convection Cells
Cyclic patterns that hot softened mantle moves below plates t…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
26 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Geologist
Geoscientist
Crust
Oceanic Crust
Scientist who studies the materials, processes and history of…
Scientist who studies the processes of the geosphere, cryo, a…
Thin solid outermost layer of earth
Crustal Rocks that underlie the Ocean basins
Geologist
Scientist who studies the materials, processes and history of…
Geoscientist
Scientist who studies the processes of the geosphere, cryo, a…
22 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Fault
Shield Cone Volcano
Composite Cone Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
medium sized volcano, steep sides and mountain like, made of…
smallest volcano, steep sides, radial symmetry, made of ash a…
Fault
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
Shield Cone Volcano
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Cracks, domes, shields, mountains
A place on the planet's surface where molten rock, gases and…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Liquid magma that reaches the surface
Volcanic structures
Volcano
A place on the planet's surface where molten rock, gases and…
Magma
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
12 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
plates
earthquake
epicenter
focus
blocks of rock that cover the Earth
a sudden shaking on Earth's surface
the place above the focus on Earth's surface
where an earthquake starts
plates
blocks of rock that cover the Earth
earthquake
a sudden shaking on Earth's surface
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