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Study sets matching "volcanoes plate tectonics geology"

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Study sets matching "volcanoes plate tectonics geology"

16 terms
Geology plate tectonics and volcanoes
Felsic
Mafic
Collision
Subduction
Explosive
Relatively quiet
Himalaya Mts
Mariana islands
Felsic
Explosive
Mafic
Relatively quiet
17 terms
Geology Plate Tectonics & Volcanoes Quiz
Felsic
Mafic
Collision
Subduction
Explosive
Quiet
Himalaya Mountains
Mariana Islands
Felsic
Explosive
Mafic
Quiet
69 terms
Geology plate tectonics, earthquakes, and volcanoes
In 1915 a German scientist named _____…
Evidence of continental drift
Evidence to support sea floor spreading
Types of boundaries
Alfred wegner, continental drift
1. Coastlines have a puzzle like fit 2. Geologic rock evidenc…
1. Mid ocean ridges 2.Age evidence 3.Magnetic clues
Divergent, convergent, transform
In 1915 a German scientist named _____…
Alfred wegner, continental drift
Evidence of continental drift
1. Coastlines have a puzzle like fit 2. Geologic rock evidenc…
61 terms
Geology Test 1 (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics)
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
seismometer or seismograph
Alaska is first, then California.
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Composed of the crust and upper mantle; divided into plates
the instrument that measures the magnitude (amout of shaking)…
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Alaska is first, then California.
Asthenosphere
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
61 terms
Geology Test 1 (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics)
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
seismometer or seismograph
Alaska is first, then California.
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Composed of the crust and upper mantle; divided into plates
the instrument that measures the magnitude (amout of shaking)…
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Alaska is first, then California.
Asthenosphere
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
64 terms
Geology Test 2 (plate tectonics and volcanoes)
Continental Drift hypothesis
proposed "Earth's mantle moved by conv…
Earth's Magnetic Field
found reversed magnetic field within c…
continents are mobile... proposed by ALfred Wegner
Arthur Holmes
dipolar field, north and south ends... lines extend into space,…
Motonori Matuyama, Japanese geophysicist
Continental Drift hypothesis
continents are mobile... proposed by ALfred Wegner
proposed "Earth's mantle moved by conv…
Arthur Holmes
12 terms
Volcanoes and plate tectonics
Volcano
Hotspot
Arc islands
Subduction
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
a set of volcanic islands formed parallel to trenches... an arc…
One plate going under another plate
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Hotspot
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
7 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
liquid magma that reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
magma
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
74 terms
Geology: Structure of the Earth, Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Structural Geology
Continental Crust
oceanic crust
mantle
core
Silicon, Aluminum, Potassium... granite-intermediate igneous rock
magnesium, iron, calcium, silicon... basalt on top of gabbro
magnesium, iron
iron, nickel
Continental Crust
Silicon, Aluminum, Potassium... granite-intermediate igneous rock
oceanic crust
magnesium, iron, calcium, silicon... basalt on top of gabbro
47 terms
Geology - Plate Tectonics and Geohazards
earthquake
volcano
landslide
avalanche
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
a slide of a large mass of dirt and rock down a mountain or c…
a slide of large masses of snow and ice and mud down a mountain
earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
volcano
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
7 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
Magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
6 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
liquid magma that reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
magma
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
38 terms
Plate tectonics, volcanoes, earthquakes
mantle
asthenosphere
lithosphere
magnetic field
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper ma…
area of charged particles that create a magnetic force, produ…
mantle
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
asthenosphere
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
10 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
liquid magma that reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
magma
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
26 terms
Plate tectonics and volcanoes
Continental drift:
Plate tectonics:
Asthenosphere:
Subduction:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
a layer of 'plastic' semi-solid rock in the lower mantle
when oceanic crust collides with continental crust, and the o…
Continental drift:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
Plate tectonics:
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
25 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Sea Floor Spreading
volcano
magma
lava
Sea Floor Spreading a process in which new ocean floor is cre…
a weak spot in the crust where molten material comes to the s…
mixture of rock forming substances, gases, and water
magma that has reached the surface
Sea Floor Spreading
Sea Floor Spreading a process in which new ocean floor is cre…
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where molten material comes to the s…
21 terms
Plate tectonics and volcanoes
Continental drift:
Plate tectonics:
Asthenosphere:
Subduction:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
a layer of 'plastic' semi-solid rock in the lower mantle
when oceanic crust collides with continental crust, and the o…
Continental drift:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
Plate tectonics:
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
71 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
shearing
footwall
compression
anticline
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
Type of stress that produces a reverse fault
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
shearing
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
footwall
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
12 terms
Volcanoes and plate tectonics 2016
Volcano
Hotspot
Arc islands
Subduction
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
a set of volcanic islands formed parallel to trenches... an arc…
One plate going under another plate
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Hotspot
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
45 terms
Lithosphere, plate tectonics, volcanoes
theory of plate tectonics
convergent boundary
divergent boundary
transform boundary
states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken int…
two tectonic plates move towards each other, destroys crust.…
tectonic plates move apart, creates new crust. volcanoes, oce…
two tectonic plates slide horizontally, deforms or fractures…
theory of plate tectonics
states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken int…
convergent boundary
two tectonic plates move towards each other, destroys crust.…
35 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
17 terms
Earthquakes, Plate Tectonics, and Volcanoes
earthquakes
fault
seismic waves
epicenter
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
a break in rock
wave of energy that travels through the earth
where the earthquake started and the earthquake is the strong…
earthquakes
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
fault
a break in rock
108 terms
Plate tectonics and Volcanoes
cinders
conduit
crater
crust
charred bits of rock; ashes
a pipe, tube, or the like, for conveying magma (3)
a bowl-shaped depression
the solid outer layer of earth
cinders
charred bits of rock; ashes
conduit
a pipe, tube, or the like, for conveying magma (3)
61 terms
Geology Test 1 (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics) Scimeca Copy
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
seismometer or seismograph
Alaska is first, then California.
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Composed of the crust and upper mantle; divided into plates
the instrument that measures the magnitude (amout of shaking)…
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Alaska is first, then California.
Asthenosphere
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
13 terms
Geology- Plate Tectonics
mid-oceanic ridge
island arc
inner core
outer core
A giant mountain range that lies under the ocean and extends…
A curved line of islands created from volcanic activity at co…
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core. Is l…
mid-oceanic ridge
A giant mountain range that lies under the ocean and extends…
island arc
A curved line of islands created from volcanic activity at co…
13 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Lava flow
A weak spot in the crust where motlen material, or magma, com…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface.
Area covered by lava from a volcano's vent.
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where motlen material, or magma, com…
Magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water…
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Fossil
Mid-Ocean Ridge
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
The preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in th…
Long, underwater mountain chains-divergent boundary
Continental Drift
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
Pangaea
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
20 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
convection current
asthenosphere
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
the cycle of heating, rising, cooling, and sinking air
plastic-like layer of Earth's surface
Pangaea
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
seafloor spreading
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
P waves
S waves
surface waves
seismologist
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
A type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves re…
A scientist who studies earthquakes
P waves
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
S waves
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
16 terms
Plate Tectonics - Earthquakes - Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sea-Floor Spreading
Subduction
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
22 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
geologic activity
Continental crust
Oceanic crust
Moho
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
Thinner and more dense than continental crust. Made mostly of…
Region of the Earth that has drastic changes in properties.
geologic activity
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Continental crust
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
46 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Magma
Mantle
What are conditions for magma to form?
Volcanism
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
1. High temperture to melt rock.... 2. Remove pressure from rock…
Any activity that includes the movement of lava from the mant…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
Mantle
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
56 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
14 terms
Geology: Plate Tectonics
continental drift
Pangaea
fossil
mid-ocean ridge
slow movement of the continents over the earth's surface
a supercontinent, or single landmass, about 300 million years…
any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in r…
An underwater moutain chain where new ocean floor is formed
continental drift
slow movement of the continents over the earth's surface
Pangaea
a supercontinent, or single landmass, about 300 million years…
10 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
26 terms
Geology-Plate Tectonics
inner core
outer core
mantle
asthenosphere
a dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats
inner core
a dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
outer core
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
20 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Magma
Mantle
What are conditions for magma to form?
Volcanism
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
1. High temperture to melt rock.... 2. Remove pressure from rock…
Any activity that includes the movement of lava from the mant…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
Mantle
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
25 terms
Unit 4 Plate Tectonics,Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Geology of Hawaii
Seismic Waves
Crust
Mantle
Lava
Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energy…
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.... Can be oc…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
Seismic Waves
Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energy…
Crust
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.... Can be oc…
15 terms
1 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
What is a volcano?
A molten mixture of rock-forming subst…
When magma reaches the surface, it is…
What is the Ring of Fire?
A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material,…
Magma
Lava
A volcanic belt formed by the many volcanoes that rim the Pac…
What is a volcano?
A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material,…
A molten mixture of rock-forming subst…
Magma
6 terms
volcanoes and plate tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or ven…
hot fluid or semi fluid material below or within the earth's…
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissu…
The Ring of Fire is a major area in the basin of the Pacific…
volcano
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or ven…
magma
hot fluid or semi fluid material below or within the earth's…
13 terms
6.1 Volcanoes & Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water fr…
magma that has reached the surface of the earth
major volcanic belt made up of many volcanoes that rim the Pa…
volcano
weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface
magma
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water fr…
34 terms
Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes
Lithosphere
Crust and upper mantle
Convergent
San Andreas fault
What part of Earth is divided into plates?
Layers that make up the lithosphere
Plate boundary where two plate move together
Western North American transform fault boundary
Lithosphere
What part of Earth is divided into plates?
Crust and upper mantle
Layers that make up the lithosphere
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes
crater
earthquake
island arc
convergent boundary
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
a string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
a plate boundary where two plates move toward each other
crater
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
earthquake
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
surface waves
composite
compression
shear
most destructive seismic wave
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
occurs at convergent boundaries; reverse faults
forces along strike-slip faults
surface waves
most destructive seismic wave
composite
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
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