Study sets matching "voting campaigns elections"

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Study sets matching "voting campaigns elections"

33 terms
Elections campaigning and voting
General election
Caucus
Open primary
Closed primary
An election that determines which candidates win the offices…
Members of party members held to select delegates in a nation…
A type of primary in which both parties ballots are available…
A type of primary in which voting in a party's primary is lim…
General election
An election that determines which candidates win the offices…
Caucus
Members of party members held to select delegates in a nation…
18 terms
Voting campaigns and Elections
Responsible party
Prospective voting model
Electoral competition model
median voter
The notion that a political party will take clear and distinc…
A theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what…
A form of election in which parties seeking votes move toward…
The voter at the exact middle of the political issue spectrum.
Responsible party
The notion that a political party will take clear and distinc…
Prospective voting model
A theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what…
20 terms
Chap. 12 Campaigns, Elections & Voting
front-loading
a danger of the nomination campaign
campaign manager
individual contributions
states choosing an early date on the nomination calendar to i…
candidates can sound "too extreme" to appeal to their parties…
head of a political campaign
usually the largest source of funds for a candidate's campaign
front-loading
states choosing an early date on the nomination calendar to i…
a danger of the nomination campaign
candidates can sound "too extreme" to appeal to their parties…
Campaign, election, and election and voting
Front loading
Reapportionment
incumbent
retrospective judgement
tendency of states to choose an early date on the nomination…
the reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Repre…
someone who already holds the office
voter's evaluation of a candidate based on past performance o…
Front loading
tendency of states to choose an early date on the nomination…
Reapportionment
the reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Repre…
114 terms
voting, campaigns, elections
reasons people vote:
center of a democracy-
center of political participation-
representative democracy
evaluation of performance, candidate image, critical issues,…
open and free elections,
voting.
citizens choose individuals who are responsible to create and…
reasons people vote:
evaluation of performance, candidate image, critical issues,…
center of a democracy-
open and free elections,
16 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
Valence Issues
Position Issues
Wedge Issues
Prospective Voting v. Retrospective Vo…
issues on which most voters and candidates share the same pos…
issues on which the parties differ in their perspectives and…
a controversial issue that one party uses to split the voters…
what a candidate pledges to do in the future about an issue i…
Valence Issues
issues on which most voters and candidates share the same pos…
Position Issues
issues on which the parties differ in their perspectives and…
44 terms
Voting, Elections, and Campaigns
electorate
mandate
primary election
closed primary
The citizens eligible to vote
a command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the electe…
election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
a primary election in which only a party's registered voters…
electorate
The citizens eligible to vote
mandate
a command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the electe…
25 terms
voting, campaigns, and elections
political efficacy
Motor Voter Bill
voter mobilization
social connectedness
citizens' feelings of effectiveness in political arenas
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
a party's efforts to inform potential voters about issues and…
citizens involvement in groups and their relationships to the…
political efficacy
citizens' feelings of effectiveness in political arenas
Motor Voter Bill
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
15 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
access
candidate
coordinated spending
focus group
The ability of privileged outsiders, such as interest group o…
A person who is running for elected office.
Spending by the Democratic and Republican Party committees in…
A method of gauging public opinion by observing a small numbe…
access
The ability of privileged outsiders, such as interest group o…
candidate
A person who is running for elected office.
53 terms
Campaigns, Elections, and Voting
Nomination
national party convention
primary
open primary
the official endorsement of a candidate for office by a polit…
the supreme power within each of the parties; the convention…
elections held to select the candidates for an upcoming gener…
elections to select party nominees; voter has the option to p…
Nomination
the official endorsement of a candidate for office by a polit…
national party convention
the supreme power within each of the parties; the convention…
12 terms
Voting, Campaigns, Elections
National Voter Registration Act of 199…
Retrospective Voting
Prospective Voting
Party Identification
Allowed citizens to register to vote when applying or renewin…
Judging candidates on past performance
Judging candidates on their proposed agendas
A citizens self proclaimed preference for one party or the ot…
National Voter Registration Act of 199…
Allowed citizens to register to vote when applying or renewin…
Retrospective Voting
Judging candidates on past performance
25 terms
12-Campaigns, Elections, & Voting
Nomination Campaign
Primary Election
General Election Campaign
General Election
Phase of political campaign aimed at winning a primary electi…
Election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
Phase of a political campaign aimed at winning election to of…
Election in which voters decide which candidates will actuall…
Nomination Campaign
Phase of political campaign aimed at winning a primary electi…
Primary Election
Election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
65 terms
Campaigns, Elections/ Voting & Voting Rights.
Nomination
Suffrage
Super Tuesday
Retrospective Voting
the act of officially naming a candidate
THE RIGHT TO VOTE
A Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries…
Basing voting decisions on reactions to past performance; app…
Nomination
the act of officially naming a candidate
Suffrage
THE RIGHT TO VOTE
18 terms
Voting Campaigns and Elections
representative democracy
Majoritarianism
Elections:
Dredd Scott vs Sanford
Indirect democracy ... citizens choose individuals to represent…
Choice that has the most votes prevails, consent of the gover…
Empower the government by legitimating it's actions
slaves are property, have no rights, cannot become citizens
representative democracy
Indirect democracy ... citizens choose individuals to represent…
Majoritarianism
Choice that has the most votes prevails, consent of the gover…
15 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
mobalization
single-issue voters
party label
performance voting
inistutional efforssw were made to ease registeration with th…
coalesce around causes such as gun control and environmental…
take their cues from partys even though popular attitudes tow…
voting for the party in control or the in party when one thin…
mobalization
inistutional efforssw were made to ease registeration with th…
single-issue voters
coalesce around causes such as gun control and environmental…
13 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
access
candidate
coordinated campaign spending
focus group
the ability of privileged outsiders, such as interest group r…
a person who is running for elected office
spending by the democratic and republican party committees on…
a method of gauging public opinion by observing a small numbe…
access
the ability of privileged outsiders, such as interest group r…
candidate
a person who is running for elected office
Voting, Campaigns and Elections
Functions of Elections
Functions of Campaigns
Rules
Realities
-Choosing public officials... - Ensuring accountability... - Influe…
- Help voter decision making... - Forum for debate and deliberat…
...
...
Functions of Elections
-Choosing public officials... - Ensuring accountability... - Influe…
Functions of Campaigns
- Help voter decision making... - Forum for debate and deliberat…
50 terms
Voting, campaigns, and elections
direct democracy
republic
delegation
agency loss
Citizens make policy decisions by voting on legislation thems…
Power is invested in elected representatives.
One person authorizing another person to perform an action on…
Difference between what citizens ideally would like their age…
direct democracy
Citizens make policy decisions by voting on legislation thems…
republic
Power is invested in elected representatives.
35 terms
Elections, Campaigns, and voting
absentee voting
campaign manager
campaign strategy
caucus
casting a ballot in advance by mail in situations where illne…
a professional whose duties comprise a variety of strategic a…
blueprint for the campaign, including a budget and fund-raisi…
meeting of party members held to select delegates to the nati…
absentee voting
casting a ballot in advance by mail in situations where illne…
campaign manager
a professional whose duties comprise a variety of strategic a…
22 terms
Elections, Campaigns and Voting
GOTV (get-out-the-vote)
Age (Predictor of Voting)
Education (Predictor of Voting)
Income (Predictor of Voting)
Get out the vote" (or "getting out the vote"; GOTV) are terms…
Young adults less likely to vote than middle age or older... As…
Level of education is the best predictor of voting habits ... Le…
Second best predictor after education... Lowest income level: 5…
GOTV (get-out-the-vote)
Get out the vote" (or "getting out the vote"; GOTV) are terms…
Age (Predictor of Voting)
Young adults less likely to vote than middle age or older... As…
6 terms
Voting, Campaigns, Elections
Mobilization
Negative Campaigning
Soft Money
Party Identification
how parties convince you to vote
Telling public negative things about oponent
a candidate receiving money from citizens who are independent…
when people vote for a specific party
Mobilization
how parties convince you to vote
Negative Campaigning
Telling public negative things about oponent
Elections, Campaigns, and Voting
Grassroots Organizing
GOTV
General Election
Caucus
tasks that involve direct contact with voters or potential vo…
get out the vote
an election that determines which candidates win the offices…
meetings of party members held to select delegates to the nat…
Grassroots Organizing
tasks that involve direct contact with voters or potential vo…
GOTV
get out the vote
17 terms
Voting, Elections, Campaigns
Mandate
Prospective Judgement
Retrospective Judgement
Raiding
A command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the electe…
A voter's evaluation of a candidate based on what he or she p…
A voter's evaluation of a candidate based on past performance…
Voters in one party vote in the other party's primary or cauc…
Mandate
A command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the electe…
Prospective Judgement
A voter's evaluation of a candidate based on what he or she p…
13 terms
Voting, Campaigns, Elections
Valence Issue
Position Issue
Wedge Issues
Prospective Voting v. Retrospective Vo…
Issue on which most voters and candidates share the same issu…
Issues on which the parties differ in their prospectives and…
Controversial issue that one party use to split the voters
Single issue v. Foreign policy
Valence Issue
Issue on which most voters and candidates share the same issu…
Position Issue
Issues on which the parties differ in their prospectives and…
27 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
Political Efficacy
Motor Voter Bill
Voter Mobilization
Social Connectedness
Citizens' feelings of effectiveness in political affairs
Legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
A party's efforts to inform potential voters about issues and…
Citizens' involvement in groups and their relationships to th…
Political Efficacy
Citizens' feelings of effectiveness in political affairs
Motor Voter Bill
Legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
9 terms
Elections, Campaigns and Voting
Primaries
Caucuses
General elections
OPEN Primaries
People go to vote for delegates to attend the conventions... Sec…
People go to large meetings and select candidates (who's dele…
Parties respective nominees will run against one another... Vote…
Any registered voter can vote in the primary, you do not have…
Primaries
People go to vote for delegates to attend the conventions... Sec…
Caucuses
People go to large meetings and select candidates (who's dele…
27 terms
voting, campaigns, and elections
political efficacy
Motor Voter Bill
voter mobilization
social connectedness
citizens' feelings of effectiveness in political arenas
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
a party's efforts to inform potential voters about issues and…
citizens involvement in groups and their relationships to the…
political efficacy
citizens' feelings of effectiveness in political arenas
Motor Voter Bill
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
6 terms
Voting, Campaigns and Elections
Grandfather Clause
Guinn v . U.S.
State White primary
The Democratic Party created white pri…
Provided that persons who could vote prior t o1867, or their…
The Supreme Court struck down Grandfather Clause as unconstit…
Having to be white to be part of the democratic party, candid…
passing legislation
Grandfather Clause
Provided that persons who could vote prior t o1867, or their…
Guinn v . U.S.
The Supreme Court struck down Grandfather Clause as unconstit…
30 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections.
Motor Voter Bill.
Voter Mobilization.
Prospective Voting.
Retrospective Voting.
Legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
A party's efforts to inform potential voeters about issues an…
Basing voting decisions on well-informed opinions and conside…
Basing voting decisions on reactions to past performance; app…
Motor Voter Bill.
Legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
Voter Mobilization.
A party's efforts to inform potential voeters about issues an…
21 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
Access
Candidate
Coordinated Spending
Focus Group
The ablity of privileged outsiders, such as interest group re…
A person who is running for elected office.
Spending by the Democratic and Republican Party committees on…
A method of gauging public opinion by observing a small numbe…
Access
The ablity of privileged outsiders, such as interest group re…
Candidate
A person who is running for elected office.
14 terms
Elections, campaigns and voting vocab
Absentee ballot
Ballot
Campaign
Conservative
A ballot completed and typically mailed in advance of an elec…
A process of voting, in writing and typically in secret
Work in an organized and active way toward a particular goal,…
Holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious abou…
Absentee ballot
A ballot completed and typically mailed in advance of an elec…
Ballot
A process of voting, in writing and typically in secret
Voting, Elections, and Campaigns
Bandwagon effect
Blanket primary
Campaign manager
Caucus
a shift in electoral support to the candidate whom public opi…
Voters may choose candidates of either party. They may vote f…
Usually a paid political consultant in major elections; trave…
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
Bandwagon effect
a shift in electoral support to the candidate whom public opi…
Blanket primary
Voters may choose candidates of either party. They may vote f…
12 terms
Elections, Campaigns, and Voting
Electoral College
Primary election
Open primary
Closed primary
- The votes tallied on Election Day determine which president…
an election in which voters decide which nominees the politic…
A type of primary in which both parties' ballots are availabl…
a type of primary in which voting in a party's primary is lim…
Electoral College
- The votes tallied on Election Day determine which president…
Primary election
an election in which voters decide which nominees the politic…
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
Types of Elections
open primary
closed primary
General election
open and closed primary elections
Anyone can vote in the primary election
Can only vote for those in your party(independents are out of…
Anyone who is registered is able to vote, the republican vers…
Types of Elections
open and closed primary elections
open primary
Anyone can vote in the primary election
93 terms
Campaigns, elections, and voting
Direct primaries
Invisible primary
Steps to invisible primary
Primaries today
States create primaries and caucuses to elect presidential no…
"Test waters before running"
Set up presidential exploratory committee ... Pop up in Iowa/nh…
Only democrats and republicans compete... Candidate must win 50%…
Direct primaries
States create primaries and caucuses to elect presidential no…
Invisible primary
"Test waters before running"
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
voter mobilization
Rational nonvoter
Invisible Primary
Party Caucus
political party's efforts to inform potential voters about is…
the cost outweigh the benefits
early attempts to raise money, line up consultants, generate…
local gather of party members to choose delegate
voter mobilization
political party's efforts to inform potential voters about is…
Rational nonvoter
the cost outweigh the benefits
35 terms
Elections, Campaigns, and Voting Vocab
absentee voting
campaign manager
campaign strategy
caucus
casting a ballot in advance by mail in situations where illne…
a professional whose duties comprise a variety of strategic a…
blueprint for the campaign, including a budget and fund-raisi…
meeting of party members held to select delegates to the nati…
absentee voting
casting a ballot in advance by mail in situations where illne…
campaign manager
a professional whose duties comprise a variety of strategic a…
Campaigns, Elections, and Voting
Political Action Committee
Campaign Manager-
Soft Money
Cross-Pressured Voter
Organizations established by interest groups to collect money…
responsible for overall strategy and planning
Donations to a political party by PACs
one who is caught between conflicting elements in his or her…
Political Action Committee
Organizations established by interest groups to collect money…
Campaign Manager-
responsible for overall strategy and planning
25 terms
voting, campaigns, and elections
prospective voting model
responsible party
electoral competition voting model
median voter
voters decide what gov will do by choosing one or another res…
notion that a political party will take clear and distinct st…
parties seeking votes move toward median voter and center of…
voter at center of the political issue spectrum
prospective voting model
voters decide what gov will do by choosing one or another res…
responsible party
notion that a political party will take clear and distinct st…
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
Factors that determine who does and do…
Who is more likely to turnout for voti…
For the past 30 years, turnout rates h…
6 Reasons Americans Don't Vote
1. Age 2. Gender 3. Race 4. Income 5. Education 6. Ethnicity
1. Older people 2. More educated 3. People with higher income…
60%
1. Legal Obstacles 2. Attitude changes 3. Voter Mobilization…
Factors that determine who does and do…
1. Age 2. Gender 3. Race 4. Income 5. Education 6. Ethnicity
Who is more likely to turnout for voti…
1. Older people 2. More educated 3. People with higher income…
18 terms
Voting campaigns and Elections
Responsible party
Prospective voting model
Electoral competition model
median voter
The notion that a political party will take clear and distinc…
A theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what…
A form of election in which parties seeking votes move toward…
The voter at the exact middle of the political issue spectrum.
Responsible party
The notion that a political party will take clear and distinc…
Prospective voting model
A theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what…
Campaigns, voting and elections
requirements for president
requirements for vice president
requirements for senator
requirements for house of representati…
natural born citizen, 35 years old, resident of the country f…
natural born citizen, 35 years old, cannot be a resident of t…
citizen for 9 years, 30 years old, resident from state from w…
citizen for 7 years, 25 years old, resident from state from w…
requirements for president
natural born citizen, 35 years old, resident of the country f…
requirements for vice president
natural born citizen, 35 years old, cannot be a resident of t…
35 terms
Elections, Campaigns, and Voting
Absentee Voting
Campaign Manager
Campaign Strategy
Caucus
Casting about an advance by mail in situations where illness,…
A professional his duties comprise a variety of strategic and…
Blueprint for the campaign, Including a budget and fundraisin…
Meeting of party members how to select delegates to the natio…
Absentee Voting
Casting about an advance by mail in situations where illness,…
Campaign Manager
A professional his duties comprise a variety of strategic and…
Campaigns, Voting, Elections
Nominations (before)
direct primaries become important again
caucus
open primary
-done in secret... -people were not happy with this... -wanted a wa…
-1968/72... -young people didn't like candidates (Chicago riots)…
if you are a registered member, you can attend a meeting and…
don't have to be a registered party member in order to vote f…
Nominations (before)
-done in secret... -people were not happy with this... -wanted a wa…
direct primaries become important again
-1968/72... -young people didn't like candidates (Chicago riots)…
61 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
The U.S. has a ___ voter turnout recor…
Most non-voters are ______ or _____ wi…
Many non-voters feel their vote doesn'…
Some scholars fear that low electoral…
Low
Uninterested or dissatisfied
Make a difference
Many Americans are turning away from the political system, wh…
The U.S. has a ___ voter turnout recor…
Low
Most non-voters are ______ or _____ wi…
Uninterested or dissatisfied
12 terms
Elections, campaigns, and voting
Primary open
Primary Closed
Caucus
National Primary
All registered voters can vote for any candidate, regardless…
Voters may only vote for candidates of the party with which t…
Meetings arranged by the state of a political party that take…
A proposed nationwide primary that would replace the current…
Primary open
All registered voters can vote for any candidate, regardless…
Primary Closed
Voters may only vote for candidates of the party with which t…
11 terms
Voting, Campaigns, and Elections Test
in primary elections where the voter c…
the manipulation of boundaries of an e…
voter evaluation of a candidate based…
voter evaluation of a candidate based…
What is crossover voting?
What is gerrymandering?
What is prospective judgment?
What is retrospective judgment?
in primary elections where the voter c…
What is crossover voting?
the manipulation of boundaries of an e…
What is gerrymandering?
30 terms
10 Voting, Campaigns, and Elections
Responsible Theory Party (RPT)
Protective Voting Model
Electoral Competition Model (EMC)
median voter
the nation that a political party will take clear and distinc…
a theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what…
a form of election in which parties seeking voters move towar…
the voter at the exact middle of the political issue spectrum
Responsible Theory Party (RPT)
the nation that a political party will take clear and distinc…
Protective Voting Model
a theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what…
8 terms
Voting, Campaigns & Elections
Incumbency Advantage
Single-Issue Voting
How many electoral college votes are n…
How is the number of electoral college…
The current officeholder has a greater chance of being elected.
Voting for a candidate or party solely based off of one polic…
270 votes
Number of senators + Number of representatives
Incumbency Advantage
The current officeholder has a greater chance of being elected.
Single-Issue Voting
Voting for a candidate or party solely based off of one polic…
Nominations campaigns elections and voting
Absentee voting
Campaign manager
Campaign strategy
Caucus
Casting a ballot in advance by mail
Professional whose duties compromise a variety of strategic a…
Blue print for the campaign including a budget
Meeting of party members held to select delegates to the nati…
Absentee voting
Casting a ballot in advance by mail
Campaign manager
Professional whose duties compromise a variety of strategic a…
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