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Study sets matching "water and atmospheric moisture"

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Study sets matching "water and atmospheric moisture"

19 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
-Hydrogen bonding
-surface tension
-capillarity
-meniscus
The positive (hydrogen) side of a water molecule attracts the…
The effects of hydrogen bonding in water- like webs of millio…
Hydrogen bonds make each molecule pull on its neighbor- like…
Inwardly curved surface of water- in a cylinder or test tube-…
-Hydrogen bonding
The positive (hydrogen) side of a water molecule attracts the…
-surface tension
The effects of hydrogen bonding in water- like webs of millio…
39 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
What is water?
What liquid is the major constituent o…
What causes water to change from one s…
True or False, water is not critical t…
A transparent fluid that forms the world's streams, lakes, oc…
Water
Temperature
False
What is water?
A transparent fluid that forms the world's streams, lakes, oc…
What liquid is the major constituent o…
Water
44 terms
Water and atmospheric moisture
Water
Pure water
Unique properties of water
High surface tension (water)
-Need for life... -70% of our body ... -can only go 3 days w/0... -com…
-Oderless... -Tasteless... -Colorless... -Can dissolve well... -dosen't c…
-polar molecule 1 side is positive and 1 side is negative... -at…
Attracts things near it
Water
-Need for life... -70% of our body ... -can only go 3 days w/0... -com…
Pure water
-Oderless... -Tasteless... -Colorless... -Can dissolve well... -dosen't c…
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Water
3 states
Chemical Makeup
Polarity
transparent fluid which forms lakes, streams, and oceans
solid, liquid, and gas
h20 ... connected to each other by covalent bonds which are prod…
water molecules attract each other by hydrogen bonding... pure w…
Water
transparent fluid which forms lakes, streams, and oceans
3 states
solid, liquid, and gas
48 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
70
2.5
Spinal Fluid
3
Percentage of average human body that is water
Number of liters of water the human body loses each day
Bodily fluid replaced every 30 minutes
Number of days the body can go without water
70
Percentage of average human body that is water
2.5
Number of liters of water the human body loses each day
22 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Condensation
Vaporization
Freezing
Deposition
Gas to Liquid
Liquid to Gas
Liquid to Solid
Gas to Solid
Condensation
Gas to Liquid
Vaporization
Liquid to Gas
41 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Outgassing
eustasy
glacio-eustatic factors
phase change
the release of trapped gases from rocks, forced through crack…
Worldwide changes in sea level, and are related to the change…
Some of the changes are explained by the amount of water stor…
a change from one state to another
Outgassing
the release of trapped gases from rocks, forced through crack…
eustasy
Worldwide changes in sea level, and are related to the change…
16 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Water
3 states
Chemical Makeup
Polarity
transparent fluid which forms lakes, streams, and oceans
solid, liquid, and gas
h20 ... connected to each other by covalent bonds which are prod…
water molecules attract each other by hydrogen bonding... pure w…
Water
transparent fluid which forms lakes, streams, and oceans
3 states
solid, liquid, and gas
18 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture
What is the amount of water vapor in t…
Earth's water originally came from
Modern water sources are principally
What is the most common compound on th…
Humidity
Outgassing (Volcano)
- 1. Evaporation from the hydrosphere: water in soils, stream…
Water
What is the amount of water vapor in t…
Humidity
Earth's water originally came from
Outgassing (Volcano)
58 terms
Chapter 7: Water and Atmospheric Moisture
water molecule
polarity
gas
liquid
H20
attract other water molecules
all molecules have free motion- more energy than solid or liq…
some molecules are connected through hydrogen bond, others not
water molecule
H20
polarity
attract other water molecules
9 terms
CH.7 WATER AND ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE
relative humidity
absolute humidity
specific humidity
dew-point temp
%=actual water vapor/max water vapor in air X 100... varies
mass of water vapor/volume of air
mass of water vapor/total mass of air at any temp... stays const…
the temp where air is saturated and condensation begins
relative humidity
%=actual water vapor/max water vapor in air X 100... varies
absolute humidity
mass of water vapor/volume of air
10 terms
Water and Atmospheric Moisture PT. 2
The mass of the wv/mass of air (includ…
Specific Humidity is greatest near
Vapor pressure goes up with
Vapor Pressure does usually not exceed
Specific Humidity
The equator
Temperature
40 mb (usually much less than that)
The mass of the wv/mass of air (includ…
Specific Humidity
Specific Humidity is greatest near
The equator
45 terms
Ch.7:Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Mensius
Capillary action
Condensation
Evaporation
Inwardly curved surface of the water
important component of soil moisture process
the process when water vapor becomes liquid H2O
The process when liquid water becomes water vapor
Mensius
Inwardly curved surface of the water
Capillary action
important component of soil moisture process
27 terms
Chapter 7: Water and Atmospheric Moisture
water
where did earth's water come from?
outgassing
damages due to volume expansion during…
universal solvent... heat capacity... high surface tension... exists i…
originated from icy comets and hydrogen-oxygen-laden debris
water and water vapor emerge from layers deep within and belo…
breaking roads and pipes... damaging vehicle's engine... sinking sh…
water
universal solvent... heat capacity... high surface tension... exists i…
where did earth's water come from?
originated from icy comets and hydrogen-oxygen-laden debris
30 terms
Chapter 7: Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Something About Water
Water on Earth
Where did Earth's water come from?
Water and Ice
•Pure water is "3-less": colorless, odorless, and tasteless.…
•Water covers 70% of earth by area.
•Earth's water originated from icy comets and hydrogen-oxygen…
•Water density reaches maximum at 4°C.... •From 4°C to -29°C, wa…
Something About Water
•Pure water is "3-less": colorless, odorless, and tasteless.…
Water on Earth
•Water covers 70% of earth by area.
21 terms
Test 2: water and atmospheric moisture
Modern water sources
Transpiration
The amount of water on earth- liquid,…
Hydrologic cycle
1.) evaporation: from hydrosphere: water un soils, stream, la…
From plants
Constant
The water moves through the oceans, the land, and the atmosph…
Modern water sources
1.) evaporation: from hydrosphere: water un soils, stream, la…
Transpiration
From plants
42 terms
Chapter 7: Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Condensation is the energy release of…
Vaporization of a liquid has it's ener…
Freezing of a liquid involves _____ it…
Sublimation
a gas
absorbed
releasing
The energy absorbtion of a solid into gas is called what?
Condensation is the energy release of…
a gas
Vaporization of a liquid has it's ener…
absorbed
25 terms
Lecture 9 - Water, Atmospheric Moisture
water molecule
vapor pressure
Dalton's law of partial pressure
saturation
-permanent dipole due to orientation of OH bonds (preexisting…
partial pressure of water vapor in a sample of air/the atmosp…
pressure of a mix of gases is the sum of the pressures exerte…
(e) -the # of molecules escaping/evaporating = # molecules en…
water molecule
-permanent dipole due to orientation of OH bonds (preexisting…
vapor pressure
partial pressure of water vapor in a sample of air/the atmosp…
22 terms
Atmospheric Moisture&+ Water Balance11
Actual Evapotranspiration
Cirrus Clouds
Cloud
Condensation Nuclei
the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth…
a genus of atmospheric cloud generally characterized by thin,…
a visible mass of condensed water vapor floating in the atmos…
small particles typically 0.2 µm, or 1/100th the size of a cl…
Actual Evapotranspiration
the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth…
Cirrus Clouds
a genus of atmospheric cloud generally characterized by thin,…
17 terms
Earth science (atmospheric moisture water in the atmosphere)
Water exists in?
If the conditions are right, Water can…
What are the phase changes?
During phase change is either?
All three states of matter in our atmosphere
Phase changes
-evaporation... -condensation... -Melting... -freezing... -deposition... -su…
Absorbed or released
Water exists in?
All three states of matter in our atmosphere
If the conditions are right, Water can…
Phase changes
65 terms
Geog. 141 - Ch. 7 (Water and Atmospheric Moisture)
D
are caused by the migration of the ITC…
E
A
In Asia, Monsoon systems are caused by
D
are caused by the migration of the ITC…
In Asia, Monsoon systems are caused by
37 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 7: Water and Atmospheric Moisture
Phase Change
Water Propertities
Deposition
Sublimation
A change from one state to another (solid to liquid)
Hydrogen bonding... Sticks together... Solvent... Noncompressible... Expa…
Vapor to Solid
Solid to Vapor
Phase Change
A change from one state to another (solid to liquid)
Water Propertities
Hydrogen bonding... Sticks together... Solvent... Noncompressible... Expa…
43 terms
Unit 11: Atmospheric Moisture and Water Balance
water vapor
calorie
melting
evaporation
- when additional heat completely frees individual liquid mol…
- amount of heat energy to raise temp of 1 gram of water by 1*C
- change from solid state to liquid state ... - requires 80cal =…
- change from liquid to gaseous state... - takes 597 cal = laten…
water vapor
- when additional heat completely frees individual liquid mol…
calorie
- amount of heat energy to raise temp of 1 gram of water by 1*C
13 terms
Unit 11- atmospheric moisture and the water balance
Calorie(cal)
Joule
Latent heat of fusion
Latent heat of vaporization
The amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature o…
1 cal=4.18 J
Heat involved in melting
Change associated with evaporation or vaporization
Calorie(cal)
The amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature o…
Joule
1 cal=4.18 J
10 terms
Unit 11: Atmospheric Moisture & The Water Balance
The heat associated with evaporation is:
The hydrologic cycle involves all of t…
When air is completely saturated, it h…
Clouds in the higher levels of the atm…
a. latent heat of vaporization
Hydrogen transfer
Dew point
Cirrus
The heat associated with evaporation is:
a. latent heat of vaporization
The hydrologic cycle involves all of t…
Hydrogen transfer
10 terms
Unit 11: Atmospheric Moisture & The Water Balance
The heat associated with evaporation i…
The hydrologic cycle involves all of t…
When air is completely saturated, it h…
Clouds in the higher levels of the atm…
a. latent heat and vaporization
d. hydrogen transfer
b. dew point
c. cirrus
The heat associated with evaporation i…
a. latent heat and vaporization
The hydrologic cycle involves all of t…
d. hydrogen transfer
14 terms
Exam 2 weather & climate (water & atmospheric moisture)
Circulation (convection & advection)
Precipitation
Runoff
Groundwater
Convection= vertical movement of air... Advection= horizontal m…
Some of the water vapor condense to form clouds & few clouds…
Water that falls to the surface can flow across the surface &…
Water can be held as soil moisture be taken up by plants & re…
Circulation (convection & advection)
Convection= vertical movement of air... Advection= horizontal m…
Precipitation
Some of the water vapor condense to form clouds & few clouds…
32 terms
atmospheric moisture
sublimation
latent heat
latent heat of vaporization
latent heat of condensation
direct change of ice to water vapor or water vapor to ice
heat energy involved in phase change
the phase change from liquid to vapor at boiling temperature…
when water vapor condenses to a liquid, each gram gives up it…
sublimation
direct change of ice to water vapor or water vapor to ice
latent heat
heat energy involved in phase change
29 terms
MODULE 6: ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE - WATER, HUMIDITY AND SATURATION KEY TERMS
absolute humidity
adiabatic cooling
adiabatic warming
average lapse rate
One measure of the actual water vapor content of air, express…
Cooling by expansion, such as in rising air.
Warming by compression, such as in descending air.
The average rate of temperature decrease with height in the t…
absolute humidity
One measure of the actual water vapor content of air, express…
adiabatic cooling
Cooling by expansion, such as in rising air.
19 terms
Chapters 7 & 9 Water and atmospheric moisture and water resources.
What is latent heat?
What is transportation?
What is evapotranspiration?
In which climates does POTET exceed PR…
Heat related to water phase change.
A cooling mechanism in plants that moves water through openin…
Evaporation and transportation is the amount of liquid water…
In dry climates, arid and semi arid. B climates.
What is latent heat?
Heat related to water phase change.
What is transportation?
A cooling mechanism in plants that moves water through openin…
9 terms
Moisture in the atmosphere
dew point
Relative Humidity
Condensation
Wet Bulb Depression
The temperature at which condensation occurs.
The amount of water vapor in the air at any given time is usu…
Gas to liquid
the difference between the dry and wet bulb temperature
dew point
The temperature at which condensation occurs.
Relative Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air at any given time is usu…
Atmospheric Moisture
Humidity
Relative Humidity
Wet Adiabatic Lapse Rate
Air Parcel
The amount of water vapor in the air
Measure of the amount of moisture held in the air compared wi…
Ranges from 4 to 9 degrees Celsius per 1000m, Less than the D…
An imaginary small body of air that is used to explain the be…
Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
Relative Humidity
Measure of the amount of moisture held in the air compared wi…
18 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
What is humidity?
Why is it important to know how much m…
What is specific humidity?
What is saturation specific humidity?
the amount of water vapour in the air
To predict weather
the actual quantity of water vapour in the air (SH=mass of wa…
the amount of water vapour that an air parcel can contain at…
What is humidity?
the amount of water vapour in the air
Why is it important to know how much m…
To predict weather
11 terms
GEO 3B CH. 7 & 9 Water and atmospheric moisture & water resources
Latent heat
Transpiration and planet leaves
Evapotranspiration
Potet exceeds PRECIP in which type of…
Heat related to water phase change... - When gas molecules conde…
Cooling mechanism in plants, moves water through openings in…
Evaporation and transpiration is the amount of liquid water t…
Desert climate, dry
Latent heat
Heat related to water phase change... - When gas molecules conde…
Transpiration and planet leaves
Cooling mechanism in plants, moves water through openings in…
Atmospheric Moisture
What does a Hygrometer measure?
Positive Factors that increase evapora…
Relative Humidity (RH)
How to calculate RH:
MOISTURE
Availability of water... Water temp (warm)... Humidity (dry)... Wind S…
A measure of saturation (the amount of water vapor in hot or…
IS/CAN... If at 20*C, air IS holding 5g of WV... But at 20*C it CAN…
What does a Hygrometer measure?
MOISTURE
Positive Factors that increase evapora…
Availability of water... Water temp (warm)... Humidity (dry)... Wind S…
20 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
Factors that effect vapor content in air
distribution of water
distribution of all fresh water
The fresh water we see makes up how mu…
evaporation rates, condensation rates, temperature, elevation…
97.2 Ocean ... 2.8 Fresh
77.14 Glaciers... 22.2 Ground Water... .61 Lakes and Reservoirs ... 0.…
Less than 1% in the EAS
Factors that effect vapor content in air
evaporation rates, condensation rates, temperature, elevation…
distribution of water
97.2 Ocean ... 2.8 Fresh
20 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
Water Vapor
Water Cycle
Changing States
Latent Heat
The source of all condensation and precipitation
The cycle in which all water on Earth is conserved
Requires energy transfer in the form of heat
The stored heat that needs to be added or removed for a phase…
Water Vapor
The source of all condensation and precipitation
Water Cycle
The cycle in which all water on Earth is conserved
29 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
Water
Evaporation
Temperature
Moving vs. Still
closed system
not constant
max amount of water in atmos.-how much humidity-vapor pressure
increased water-movement in atmos.-increased evaporation-mech…
Water
closed system
Evaporation
not constant
Moisture in the Atmosphere
absolute (specific) humidity
clouds
condensation
condensation nuclei
The actual amount of water vapor in a specific volume of air.
Formed when water vapor condenses on condensation nuclei as a…
The change of water vapor (a gas) to a liquid.
Microscopic particles in the atmosphere that water droplets c…
absolute (specific) humidity
The actual amount of water vapor in a specific volume of air.
clouds
Formed when water vapor condenses on condensation nuclei as a…
23 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
melting
evaporation
sublimation
freezing
solid water to liquid water
liquid water to water vapor
solid water straight to water vapor
liquid water to solid water
melting
solid water to liquid water
evaporation
liquid water to water vapor
51 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
Molecules at the surface are bouncing…
Molecules of water vapor are in air an…
If there isn't much water vapor in the…
At some point, though, there is no roo…
Evaporation
Condensation
1. evaporation... 2. condensation
Saturation
Molecules at the surface are bouncing…
Evaporation
Molecules of water vapor are in air an…
Condensation
22 terms
Atmospheric moisture
weather
climate
temperature
heat
the current state of the atmosphere
long-term variations in weather for a particular area; averag…
the measurement of particle speed
the transfer of energy due to difference in temperatures betw…
weather
the current state of the atmosphere
climate
long-term variations in weather for a particular area; averag…
44 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
How much of Earth's surface is covered…
Name the 4 components of the Hydrologi…
Evaporation
Condensation
More than 75%... solid and liquid form
Evaporation... Condensation... Deposition... Sublimation
Liquid->Gas... Solar radiation drives this process
Gas->Liquid... Air becomes full of this gas or water vapor... Molec…
How much of Earth's surface is covered…
More than 75%... solid and liquid form
Name the 4 components of the Hydrologi…
Evaporation... Condensation... Deposition... Sublimation
52 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
Which term describes the process by wh…
When water changes directly from gas t…
When water changes from one state to a…
On a clear, sunny winter day with an o…
condensation
deposition
deposition
sublimation
Which term describes the process by wh…
condensation
When water changes directly from gas t…
deposition
15 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
Humidity
Saturated Air
Condensation
Specific Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, areas near the e…
When the air holds all the water vapor it can at a given temp…
The change of water from its gas form (water vapor) into liqu…
The actual amount of moisture in air, the number of grams of…
Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, areas near the e…
Saturated Air
When the air holds all the water vapor it can at a given temp…
22 terms
Moisture and Atmospheric
Global Water Cycle
To break molecular attractions: add en…
Latent Heat
Humidity Definitions
-Powered by energy from the Sun ... -Drives evaporation into the…
Melting ice to liquid requires energy to break solid's molecu…
how much energy is required or released by a change in phase.…
MIXING Ratio- mass of dry air per MASS of air in total... ABSOL…
Global Water Cycle
-Powered by energy from the Sun ... -Drives evaporation into the…
To break molecular attractions: add en…
Melting ice to liquid requires energy to break solid's molecu…
9 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
Relative Humdity
Dew Point
Latent Heat
Atmospheric Stability Relationships.
ratio of amount of water vapor in the air to the amount of wa…
temperature the air would have to be cooled to reach saturati…
is the heat (energy) required to change a substance from one…
Stability refers to a condition of equilibrium. After a chang…
Relative Humdity
ratio of amount of water vapor in the air to the amount of wa…
Dew Point
temperature the air would have to be cooled to reach saturati…
17 terms
Atmospheric moisture
Latent heat
Sublimation
Dew point
Absolute humidity
The heat energy that is absorbed or released by a substance d…
The process in which a solid changes directly into a gas
At constant pressure and water vapor content, the temperature…
The mass of water vapor per unit volume of air that contains…
Latent heat
The heat energy that is absorbed or released by a substance d…
Sublimation
The process in which a solid changes directly into a gas
28 terms
Atmospheric Moisture
saturation
dew point temperature
air parcels
stability
-air filled to capacity... -increase water or decrease temperatu…
temperature at which given mass of air becomes saturated
-body of air with specific temperature and humidity... -increase…
-tendency of air parcel to stay in same place... -determined by…
saturation
-air filled to capacity... -increase water or decrease temperatu…
dew point temperature
temperature at which given mass of air becomes saturated
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