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Study sets matching "water electrolyte acid base balance"

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Study sets matching "water electrolyte acid base balance"

51 terms
Water, Electrolyte & acid base balance
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
What is 2/3 of body weight?
2/3 of water is....
Fluid within a cell
Fluid outside of the cell (interstitial fluid & intravascular…
H2O
within cells, intracellular
Intracellular fluid
Fluid within a cell
Extracellular fluid
Fluid outside of the cell (interstitial fluid & intravascular…
93 terms
WATER, ELECTROLYTE, ACID-BASE BALANCE
ICF
ECF
Water makes up ____% of body by weight
Osmolarity of ECF and ICF
Cytosol of cells... 2/3 of total body water
1/3 of total body water... Major components: interstitial fluid…
50-60%
Equal - 300 mOsmol... -isotonic, hypotonic, hypertonic
ICF
Cytosol of cells... 2/3 of total body water
ECF
1/3 of total body water... Major components: interstitial fluid…
10 terms
Water Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
the intracellular fluid
atrial natriuretic peptide
antidiuretic hormone
ADH hypersecretion
The greater percentage of the body's water is in
Hypertension is likely to increase the secretion of
___ increases water reabsorption without increasing sodium re…
Hypotonic hydration can result from
the intracellular fluid
The greater percentage of the body's water is in
atrial natriuretic peptide
Hypertension is likely to increase the secretion of
27 terms
water electrolyte and acid-base balance
fluid medium
homeostatic balance
balances maintained by
fluid compartments
cellular function carefully controlled composition
water, electrolyte, acid-base
urinary, respiratory, digestive, integumentary, endocrine, ne…
65% intracellular fluid (ICF)... 35% extracellular fluid (ECF)
fluid medium
cellular function carefully controlled composition
homeostatic balance
water, electrolyte, acid-base
160 terms
Water,Electrolyte,and Acid-Base Balance
How much percentage of water is in an…
How much percentage of water is in an…
How much percentage of water is in chi…
Do obese people have more or less wate…
60%
50%
75%
Less water.
How much percentage of water is in an…
60%
How much percentage of water is in an…
50%
113 terms
Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Water is about ____ percent of total b…
Total body water is composed of ____ p…
Total body water is composed of ____ p…
Of the ECF in total body water, ___ pe…
60
65
35
25
Water is about ____ percent of total b…
60
Total body water is composed of ____ p…
65
20 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Case study:... You have just admitted Mar…
The main predisposing factor for hypoc…
Which of the following is most likely…
Prolonged vomiting of stomach contents…
water to move out of the cells.
PTH production is reduced.
an increase in urine volume
metabolic alkalosis.
Case study:... You have just admitted Mar…
water to move out of the cells.
The main predisposing factor for hypoc…
PTH production is reduced.
32 terms
Water, electrolyte and acid base balance
Body fluids
Body has two major fluid compartments…
Regulation of body fluid concentration…
Regulation of water content
*Adult human- 50% water by weight... *infants-75% water by weigh…
*Intracellular fluid compartment- fluid in cells... -40% of body…
...
*bodys water content remains constant... -volume of water taken…
Body fluids
*Adult human- 50% water by weight... *infants-75% water by weigh…
Body has two major fluid compartments…
*Intracellular fluid compartment- fluid in cells... -40% of body…
54 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Balance
Balance inside and outside of the cell…
Fresh water always moves where there i…
Same concentration of dissolved partic…
concentration of dissolved substances…
homeostasis
true
isotonic
hypertonic
Balance inside and outside of the cell…
homeostasis
Fresh water always moves where there i…
true
32 terms
Water Balance, Electrolyte Balance, and Acid-Base Balance
Fluid Compartments
Regulation of Fluids
Water Intake
Water output
55-60% of total body weight is due to fluids... Total body water…
Water balance occurs when fluid intake =fluid output under no…
Controlled by hypothalamic "thirst center" that responds to d…
Controlled by variations in urine volume usually linked to so…
Fluid Compartments
55-60% of total body weight is due to fluids... Total body water…
Regulation of Fluids
Water balance occurs when fluid intake =fluid output under no…
45 terms
Water, Electrolyte, Acid Base Balance
Intracellular fluid compartment
Intracellular cation and anion
Extracellular fluid compartment
Fluid regulation in body
40% body weight, 2/3 of fluid is here
K+ and Phosphate
Na+ and Cl-... Fluid and plasma, lymph, CSF, synovial fluid
content regulated so total volume of water in body remains co…
Intracellular fluid compartment
40% body weight, 2/3 of fluid is here
Intracellular cation and anion
K+ and Phosphate
50 terms
Water Electrolyte Acid Base Balance
Living things are mostly made up of
Percent of water in adult and baby?
What are salts?
What are some examples of salts?
water
Adult 60%... Child 75%
Molecules in a solution that disassociate into ions that neit…
Na+ ... K+... Ca2+... Cl-
Living things are mostly made up of
water
Percent of water in adult and baby?
Adult 60%... Child 75%
44 terms
Water, Electrolyte, Acid/Base Balance
electrolytes
dehydration
most abundant in ECF
most abundant in ICF
principal role in governing the body's water distribution and…
-low blood volume and low blood pressure... -high blood osmolarity
sodium
potassium
electrolytes
principal role in governing the body's water distribution and…
dehydration
-low blood volume and low blood pressure... -high blood osmolarity
19 terms
Water, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Balance
Fluid movement
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Dehydration
-body fluid distributed into compartments
-2/3 of all fluid... -within cells... -Small amount of sodium and c…
-1/3 of all fluid... -outside cells... -High sodium and chloride co…
-Increased osmolarity... -decreased blood pressure... -thirst cente…
Fluid movement
-body fluid distributed into compartments
Intracellular fluid
-2/3 of all fluid... -within cells... -Small amount of sodium and c…
48 terms
WATER, ELECTROLYTE / ACID-BASE BALANCE
WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE TBW IN MALES?
WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE TBW IN FEMALES
WHY DO WOMEN HAVE LOWER TOTAL BODY VOL…
WHICH TISSUE HOLDS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT…
60%
55%
Women typically have less skeletal muscle and more fat than m…
Skeletal muscle contains 75% water. So, the more muscles one…
WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE TBW IN MALES?
60%
WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE TBW IN FEMALES
55%
33 terms
Water, Electrolyte and acid base balance
Rule of thirds
Cations
anions
Electrical neutrality is maintained
2/3 of body weight is water ... 2/3 of water is within cells ... 1/…
positively charged ions
negatively charged ions
cations and anions balance
Rule of thirds
2/3 of body weight is water ... 2/3 of water is within cells ... 1/…
Cations
positively charged ions
11 terms
Water Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Normal Plasma Sodium Concentration
Hypernatremia
Hyponatremia
Normal Potassium Balance
130-145 mEg/L
Plasma Sodium Concentration >145 mEg/L
Plasma Sodium Concentration <130 mEg/L
3.5-5 mEg/L Plasma K+
Normal Plasma Sodium Concentration
130-145 mEg/L
Hypernatremia
Plasma Sodium Concentration >145 mEg/L
20 terms
Water, Electrolyte and acid-base balance
Insensible water loss
Hypovolemia
Dehydration
Volume excess
Expired air and cutaneous transpiration
volume depletion... proportional amounts of H2O and Na+ lost... Osm…
Negative water balance... lose more H2O than Na+... osmolarity = in…
Both H2O and Na+ retained... ex. aldosterone hypersecretion... osm…
Insensible water loss
Expired air and cutaneous transpiration
Hypovolemia
volume depletion... proportional amounts of H2O and Na+ lost... Osm…
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Interstitial fluid
Transcellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fliud
Water between cells
Extracellular fluid found in various places in the body
Fluid out of cells and contains sodium, chloride and bicarbon…
Fluid in cells and contains potassium, phosphate, and magnesi…
Interstitial fluid
Water between cells
Transcellular fluid
Extracellular fluid found in various places in the body
29 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
sensible water loss
insensible water loss
obligatory water loss
________ mainly governs fluid intake
observable... urine, feces, sweat
unnoticed... expired breath, cutaneous transpiration... *varies gre…
output that is unavoidable... expired air, cutaneous transpirati…
thirst
sensible water loss
observable... urine, feces, sweat
insensible water loss
unnoticed... expired breath, cutaneous transpiration... *varies gre…
Water,electrolyte and acid base balance
Extracellular compartment
Intracellular compartment
Intake
Output
Water outside cells contains interstitial fluid plasma lymph…
Water inside cells K+,phosphate Mg2+
Average 2500ml/24hours regulated by thirst
Average 2500ml/24hours leaves via kidneys skin lungs digestiv…
Extracellular compartment
Water outside cells contains interstitial fluid plasma lymph…
Intracellular compartment
Water inside cells K+,phosphate Mg2+
20 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
intracellular fluid
natriuretic peptide
antidiuretic hormone
ADH hypersecretion
the greatest percentage of the body's water is
hypertension is likely to increase the secretion of
_____ increases water reabsorption without increasing sodium…
hypotonic hydration can result from
intracellular fluid
the greatest percentage of the body's water is
natriuretic peptide
hypertension is likely to increase the secretion of
36 terms
Water, Electrolyte and acid-base balance
Intracellular compartment
Extracellular compartment
Water intake
Water output
water located in all the cells of the body
fluid located outside all the cells
- average adult intake 2500ml per 24 hours... -primary regular:…
-average adult output: 2500ml per 24 hours... -leaves the body t…
Intracellular compartment
water located in all the cells of the body
Extracellular compartment
fluid located outside all the cells
62 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Total body water (TBW)
Fluid compartments
Major fluid compartments
Subdivisions of ECF
Young adult men average 55 to 60%; women are slightly less be…
Areas of the body separated by selectively permeable membrane…
Intracellular fluid (ICF) (65%)... Extracellular fluid (ECF) (35%)
Tissue fluid... Blood plasma and lymph... Transcellular fluid
Total body water (TBW)
Young adult men average 55 to 60%; women are slightly less be…
Fluid compartments
Areas of the body separated by selectively permeable membrane…
89 terms
Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Homeostatic Balance
Three Types of Homeostatic Balance
Total Body Water
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Maintained by the collective action of the urinary, respirato…
Water Balance... Electrolyte Balance... Acid-base Balance
Newborns = 75%... Young men = 55-60%... Obese and elderly = 45%
65% of body water is located... Most abundant solute = potassium
Homeostatic Balance
Maintained by the collective action of the urinary, respirato…
Three Types of Homeostatic Balance
Water Balance... Electrolyte Balance... Acid-base Balance
14 terms
Water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
How osmosis works
Total body water
Fluid compartments
Trans-cellular fluid
Diffusion in the net movement of molecules down a concentrati…
At birth, a baby's weight is as much as 75% water; Young adul…
Body water is distributed among certain fluid compartments, a…
Trans-cellular fluid contains cerebral spinal fluid, synovial…
How osmosis works
Diffusion in the net movement of molecules down a concentrati…
Total body water
At birth, a baby's weight is as much as 75% water; Young adul…
20 terms
Water Electrolyte & Acid-Base balance
Water
electrolytes
acid
base
solvent. responsible for osmosis. crucial for hypotonic/hyper…
salts. needed for action potential that becomes neurotransmis…
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (pr…
produce hydroxide ions (OH−) in aqueous solutions
Water
solvent. responsible for osmosis. crucial for hypotonic/hyper…
electrolytes
salts. needed for action potential that becomes neurotransmis…
198 terms
Water,Electrolyte,and Acid-Base Balance
How much percentage of water is in an…
How much percentage of water is in an…
Water and electrolyte balance are
Between what percentage of a person's…
63%
52%
Interdependent
50%-70%
How much percentage of water is in an…
63%
How much percentage of water is in an…
52%
37 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Fluid balance
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Extravellualr fluid (EFC)
regulates water intake
water and solutes are present in correct proportions among va…
2/3 of body fluid
1/2 of body fluid... Interstitial fluid (IF) = 2/3 occupies spac…
hypothalamus... (thirsts center)
Fluid balance
water and solutes are present in correct proportions among va…
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
2/3 of body fluid
76 terms
Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
what are the compartments that are sem…
What are the 3 sub compartments of ECF ?
Water contains solutes classifies as:
Ex: of Nonelectrolytes
>ICF (most common)- fluid inside the cell/ systole... >ECF- outs…
1. IF... 2. Blood and lymph ... 3. TF
>Nonelectrolyes ... >Electrolytes
-Glucose... -Phospholipids ... -Cholesterol ... -Triglyceride ... -Creati…
what are the compartments that are sem…
>ICF (most common)- fluid inside the cell/ systole... >ECF- outs…
What are the 3 sub compartments of ECF ?
1. IF... 2. Blood and lymph ... 3. TF
76 terms
Water, Electrolyte & Acid Base Balance
water is needed for everything
human adult
human baby
salts
every structure and every metabolic process
60% water
75% water
molecules that in solution disassociate into ions that neithe…
water is needed for everything
every structure and every metabolic process
human adult
60% water
54 terms
Water, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Balance
Electrolytes
Diffusion
Osmosis
Solute
ionized salts in the blood, tissue, fluids and cells (CHARGED)
molecules move from area of high concentration to areas of lo…
diffusion of water across a membrane (high conc. --> low conc.)
a substance that is dissolved in a solution
Electrolytes
ionized salts in the blood, tissue, fluids and cells (CHARGED)
Diffusion
molecules move from area of high concentration to areas of lo…
66 terms
Water, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Balance
Osmosis
Homeostatic mechanisms
Electrolytes
Sodium
Determined by the relative concentrations of solutes in each…
Equilibrium of the ICF and ECF is maintained by
Play the principle role in governing the body's water distrib…
The most abundant solute particles in ECF
Osmosis
Determined by the relative concentrations of solutes in each…
Homeostatic mechanisms
Equilibrium of the ICF and ECF is maintained by
36 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
How much water weight do females have?
How much water weight do males have?
ECF compartment or extracellular fluids
ICF compartment of intracellular fluids
52% of their weight
63% of their weight
- 1/3 of water in the body ... - blood and ISF ... - includes all w…
- 2/3 of water ... - includes all the water and electrolyte with…
How much water weight do females have?
52% of their weight
How much water weight do males have?
63% of their weight
48 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
To be in balance, the quantities of fl…
What are electrolytes?
Anything that alters the concentration…
Fluid occurs in what compartments of t…
the amounts taken in
molecules that release ions in water
Water
Intracellular and extracellular compartments
To be in balance, the quantities of fl…
the amounts taken in
What are electrolytes?
molecules that release ions in water
28 terms
Water, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Balance
Diffusion
Osmosis
Solute
Solvent
Molecules move from area of high concentration to area of low…
Diffusion of water across a membrane (high conc. -> low conc.)
A substance that is dissolved in a solution
A liquid holding another substance in solution
Diffusion
Molecules move from area of high concentration to area of low…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane (high conc. -> low conc.)
31 terms
Water, electrolyte & acid-base balance
2 main fluid compartments
Intercellular compartment consist of
Extracellular compartment consist of
Intercellular composition
Intercellular & extracellulat
Fluid, includes water inside the cell. Accounts for 63%
Fluid, includes water outside the cell. Accounts for 37%.
k+, Phosphate, Mg2+ ions
2 main fluid compartments
Intercellular & extracellulat
Intercellular compartment consist of
Fluid, includes water inside the cell. Accounts for 63%
25 terms
Acid base water & electrolyte balance
Edem-
-emia
De-
Extra-
Swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in body…
Blood or substance in blood
Lack of; down
Outside
Edem-
Swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in body…
-emia
Blood or substance in blood
24 terms
Water, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Balance
3 types of homeostatic balance
Fluid Compartments
Water/Fluid Balance
Water output
>water balance... >electrolyte balance... >acid-base balance
>intracellular fluid(ICF)... >extracellular fluid(ECF)... -blood pl…
daily gains and losses should be equal
>Insensible water loss... -water lost that we arent conscious of…
3 types of homeostatic balance
>water balance... >electrolyte balance... >acid-base balance
Fluid Compartments
>intracellular fluid(ICF)... >extracellular fluid(ECF)... -blood pl…
69 terms
Water, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Balance
Dynamic balance
Water and electrolyte
Body fluids
Female
input equals output
balances are interdependent
are not distributed equally
the body of an average adult _____ is about 52% water by weight
Dynamic balance
input equals output
Water and electrolyte
balances are interdependent
Water,electrolyte and acid base balance
electrolytes
what is needed to keep the body PH bal…
intracellular fluid compartment
extracellular fluid compartment
molecules that release ions in water
the amount of fluids and electrolytes leaving the body should…
includes all the water and electrolytes within cells (63%)
includes all water and electrolytes outside of cells (37%)
electrolytes
molecules that release ions in water
what is needed to keep the body PH bal…
the amount of fluids and electrolytes leaving the body should…
63 terms
Water, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Balance
electrolyte
ion
52
63
molecules that release ions in water
charged particle
percentage of water the average adult female has
percentage of water the average adult male has
electrolyte
molecules that release ions in water
ion
charged particle
11 terms
Water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
Electrolytes
Extracellular fluids
Intracellular fluids
hydrostatic and osmotic pressure
important in maintaining homeostasis in the body... molecules th…
fluid outside of cells ... high concentrations of sodium chlorid…
Fluid inside cells ... high concentrations of potassium, phospha…
regulate the movement of water and electrolytes from one flui…
Electrolytes
important in maintaining homeostasis in the body... molecules th…
Extracellular fluids
fluid outside of cells ... high concentrations of sodium chlorid…
30 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-base balance
The greatest percentage of the body's…
Hypertension is like to increase the s…
___________ increases water reabsorpti…
Hypotonic hydration can result from
the intracellular fluid
atrail natriuretic peptide
antidiuretic hormone
ADH hyper secretion
The greatest percentage of the body's…
the intracellular fluid
Hypertension is like to increase the s…
atrail natriuretic peptide
44 terms
Water, Acid-Base, and Electrolyte Balance
In order for the body to be in balance…
How come males are composed of more wa…
What compartment includes all the wate…
This compartment includes all water an…
taken in
Males have more muscle tissue
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
In order for the body to be in balance…
taken in
How come males are composed of more wa…
Males have more muscle tissue
40 terms
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Interstitial fluid
Which is relatively high in extracellu…
What is the main force that causes wat…
What is the main force that causes flu…
is NOT a transcellular fluid
sodium
osmosis
hydrostatic pressure
Interstitial fluid
is NOT a transcellular fluid
Which is relatively high in extracellu…
sodium
42 terms
Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base balance
What is the largest fluid component in…
WHat are the most abundant solute part…
What are the most abundant solute part…
The combination of water from food and…
intracellular fluid (ICF)
-sodium
-potassium salts
-performed water
What is the largest fluid component in…
intracellular fluid (ICF)
WHat are the most abundant solute part…
-sodium
40 terms
Water electrolyte acid base balance
TBW
fluid compartments
osmolarity
ICF
total body water
areas separated by selectively permeable membrane
concentration of dissolved particles in 1 L of solution
majority of fluid is contained in
TBW
total body water
fluid compartments
areas separated by selectively permeable membrane
37 terms
Water, electrolyte and acid-base balance
What is ECF?
What does ECF include?
what is ICF?
How does water enter the body?
extra cellular fluid: transports substances to and from the c…
blood plasma and interstitial fluid
intracellular fluid: almost all important chemical reactions…
through food and beverages...the digestive tract
What is ECF?
extra cellular fluid: transports substances to and from the c…
What does ECF include?
blood plasma and interstitial fluid
67 terms
Water, Electrolyte & Acid-Base Balance
True or False: Fluid balance, electrol…
Fluids of the ECF
Osmolarity formula
Average amount of solute in the body
False, Fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and acid-base bala…
Plasma, lymph, and transcellular fluid
Osmolarity formula= Amount of solute/ Volume of H2O
12,000 mOsm
True or False: Fluid balance, electrol…
False, Fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and acid-base bala…
Fluids of the ECF
Plasma, lymph, and transcellular fluid
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