Study sets matching "water monitoring"

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Study sets matching "water monitoring"

49 terms
Water Monitoring
Quality assurance (QA)
Quality control (QC)
Internal Quality Control
External Quality Control
the overall management system which includes the organization…
the routine technical activities whose purpose is, essentiall…
a set of measures that the project undertakes... among its own s…
a set of measures that involves laboratories and people outsi…
Quality assurance (QA)
the overall management system which includes the organization…
Quality control (QC)
the routine technical activities whose purpose is, essentiall…
10 terms
Water Monitoring
Why
How
Types of test
pH level
Allows scientists and citizens to understand what is impactin…
Anyone can do it. It involves physical observations and simpl…
pH, Dissolved Oxygen, Turbidity, Phosphates, Coliform Bacteri…
How acidic or basic water is=bacteria of hydrogen Ions. Range…
Why
Allows scientists and citizens to understand what is impactin…
How
Anyone can do it. It involves physical observations and simpl…
Water Monitoring
Six major variables that affect the ef…
Chlorine residual testing: Fixed facil…
pH testing results
pH acceptable range
Types/concentration of chlorine... pH of water... Concentration of…
0.2 ppm bacterialcidal ... 10 ppm cysticidal
Place tube in comparator read within 1 min
6-9 in fixed facilities
Six major variables that affect the ef…
Types/concentration of chlorine... pH of water... Concentration of…
Chlorine residual testing: Fixed facil…
0.2 ppm bacterialcidal ... 10 ppm cysticidal
29 terms
Water Monitoring/Structure of Water
Water Monitoring
Two types of water pollution
Point Source Pollution
Nonpoint Source Pollution
The process of using scientific methods to analyze the qualit…
Point Source Pollution and Nonpoint Source Pollution
Like sewages, pipes or draingages
Rainfall or snow melt that runs on and over the ground and pi…
Water Monitoring
The process of using scientific methods to analyze the qualit…
Two types of water pollution
Point Source Pollution and Nonpoint Source Pollution
Water Monitoring Vocabulary
turbidity
respiration
macroinvertibrates
substrate
Cloudiness in water caused by suspended particles.
The cellular process in which plants and animals use oxygen a…
Small animals without backbones that are visible to the human…
The stream bottom surface on which plants and animals attach…
turbidity
Cloudiness in water caused by suspended particles.
respiration
The cellular process in which plants and animals use oxygen a…
Hydrosphere: Water Monitoring
Nitrate
Nitrite
Potable
Nitrogen Cycle
A by product of nitrogen that is usable by living organisms,…
A by product of nitrogen that is usable by living organisms,…
Making water safe to drink.
The Nitrogen Cycle is similar to the water cycle; it is the p…
Nitrate
A by product of nitrogen that is usable by living organisms,…
Nitrite
A by product of nitrogen that is usable by living organisms,…
10 terms
IACS ES Water Monitoring
coliform bacteria
dissolved oxygen
Percent Saturation
Biochemical oxygen demand
...
...
_____ is the amount of oxygen in a liter of water relative to…
Amount of oxygen required by aquatic bacteria to decompose a…
coliform bacteria
...
dissolved oxygen
...
21 terms
Water quality monitoring in NZ
Water quality monitoring in NZ
National river water quality network (…
Fresh water reforms
Community monitoring
NZ's biggest environmental issue... -Public perception is that i…
*Run by NIWA... *77 sites with 35 river systems... *visted monthly…
*Still underway... *Confirms monitoring is crutial.... *National…
*Can they get useful data as they are untrained>... -9 stream si…
Water quality monitoring in NZ
NZ's biggest environmental issue... -Public perception is that i…
National river water quality network (…
*Run by NIWA... *77 sites with 35 river systems... *visted monthly…
Monitoring Water Quality and Factor
Hudson
how do we collect
temperature
dissolved O2 levels
-not testing if its a viable drinking source- not an option a…
-data is collected regularly throughout the river... -the inform…
cooler water dissolves more O2
allows for aquatic organisms to breathe... how does it get there…
Hudson
-not testing if its a viable drinking source- not an option a…
how do we collect
-data is collected regularly throughout the river... -the inform…
5 terms
8e14 Monitoring Water Quality
pH
turbidity
salinity
bioindicator
the measurement of how acidic or basic a liquid is
A measure of how clear water is.
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
a species that is especially sensitive to ecological change a…
pH
the measurement of how acidic or basic a liquid is
turbidity
A measure of how clear water is.
13 terms
Monitoring and Management - water
Water Quality considerations
Concentrations of common ions
Total dissolved solids (TDS)
Hardness
TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS (TDS) > a measure of the mass of solid…
Test with ion sensitive electrodes (IES)... For metal ions > use…
Test using conductivity meter and comparison to known standar…
Titration with EDTA, which binds to cations and the indicator…
Water Quality considerations
TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS (TDS) > a measure of the mass of solid…
Concentrations of common ions
Test with ion sensitive electrodes (IES)... For metal ions > use…
Water Monitoring Parameters
Discharge (Q)
Detention Time
Hydrologic budget
Temperature
volume of water flowing per unit time (sum of areas * velocit…
Volume of wetland*porosity of the medium / flow rate (Vp/Q)
V water per time. Sum of all inputs/losses in water cycle (Pr…
Inf. by depth, water source, sunlight; has diurnal and season…
Discharge (Q)
volume of water flowing per unit time (sum of areas * velocit…
Detention Time
Volume of wetland*porosity of the medium / flow rate (Vp/Q)
Biology (Water Quality Monitoring)
Ecosystem
Pollutant
Hydrologic Cycle
Point Source Pollution
system of interrelated organisms and their physical/chemical…
any substance introduced that has harmful affect on the resou…
Circular flow of water (precipitation, evaporation, transpira…
Pollution from any single identifiable source ... Ex: Pipe, Pit,…
Ecosystem
system of interrelated organisms and their physical/chemical…
Pollutant
any substance introduced that has harmful affect on the resou…
32 terms
6-3 water monitoring
sampling of water for chlorine residua…
major variables that affect the eficie…
chlorine residual testing procedure
fixed facilities should have chlorine…
daily to ensure level is maintained by IDMT or water plant pe…
-types/concentration of chlorine... -pH of water... -concentration…
open tap let run ... rinse test tube in water to test... fill to ma…
.2ppm acceptable for bactericidal levels
sampling of water for chlorine residua…
daily to ensure level is maintained by IDMT or water plant pe…
major variables that affect the eficie…
-types/concentration of chlorine... -pH of water... -concentration…
MONITORING Water Pollution
Physical methods:... Temperature and tota…
How do you test the temperature? ... Usin…
What 3 ways can you test TSS?... 1. _____…
What is TSS used to detect?
Suspended
Thermometer
Secchi - colorimeter - weigh
Turbidity
Physical methods:... Temperature and tota…
Suspended
How do you test the temperature? ... Usin…
Thermometer
17 terms
Water and Stream Monitoring
groundwater
surface runoff
drainage basin/watershed
meander
water that soaks into the ground and collects in pores and em…
water that doesn't soak into the ground or evaporate but flow…
the area of land from which a stream or river collects runoff…
a broad bend in a river or stream, formed by erosion of its o…
groundwater
water that soaks into the ground and collects in pores and em…
surface runoff
water that doesn't soak into the ground or evaporate but flow…
49 terms
water monitoring (6-3)
water monitoring begins with what?
how often should water be tested to ch…
what are six major variables that affe…
How to perform chlorine residual testing
assessment of the water system and developing a sampling plan
daily
types/concentration of chlorine... pH... concentration of substance…
run water for a couple minutes... rinse tube - fill to mark... add…
water monitoring begins with what?
assessment of the water system and developing a sampling plan
how often should water be tested to ch…
daily
29 terms
Science- water monitoring
What factors are part of water quality…
What causes high turbidity in rivers a…
What are the negative effects of turbi…
How does a change in water temperature…
pH, turbidity, temperature, and dissolved oxygen.
When there is a lot of suspended load in the water. From, soi…
High dissolved causes the water to warm up, lowering the leve…
It can change the level of DO making it harder for certain an…
What factors are part of water quality…
pH, turbidity, temperature, and dissolved oxygen.
What causes high turbidity in rivers a…
When there is a lot of suspended load in the water. From, soi…
10 terms
Biological Monitoring of Water
How can aquatic larvae be used for bio…
What are four examples of aquatic larv…
What are plecoptera (stoneflies)?
What are ephemeroptera?
They are sensitive to pollution as their gills can become clo…
Stonefly- two tails... Mayfly- three tails and external gills on…
larvae for 1-4 years, molt 30 times, chewing mouthparts, peri…
larvae for 1-2 years, molt 12-35 times. chewing mouthparts, c…
How can aquatic larvae be used for bio…
They are sensitive to pollution as their gills can become clo…
What are four examples of aquatic larv…
Stonefly- two tails... Mayfly- three tails and external gills on…
32 terms
Water Quality Monitoring
What are the most effective primary in…
What are the most effective primary in…
What is the most effective indicator f…
Give the important stats for Coliform…
E. coli and Enterococcus spp.
Enterococcus
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Gram negative, rod shaped, non spore forming, facultative ana…
What are the most effective primary in…
E. coli and Enterococcus spp.
What are the most effective primary in…
Enterococcus
27 terms
Methods for water quality monitoring
What is dissolved oxygen
Why do plants and animals need dissolv…
What are some factors that can decreas…
What is nitrate?
Amount of oxygen in the water like waterfalls or plants
To breathe, fish have gills that filter oxygen
Heat, fertilizer runoff, phosphate runoff, eutrophication
A form of nitrogen
What is dissolved oxygen
Amount of oxygen in the water like waterfalls or plants
Why do plants and animals need dissolv…
To breathe, fish have gills that filter oxygen
20 terms
Monitoring total water mass changes
What does GRACE stand for and how does…
What does the LAGEOS measure?
What can GRACE do?
What is GRACE's accuracy?
*Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment... *Measures global wa…
*Changes in gravity... *Distance between point of earth and a s…
*Mass changes in liquid, snow and ice stored beneath the land…
*Water mass change - 1 cm accuracy (heavy rainfall)... *Course…
What does GRACE stand for and how does…
*Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment... *Measures global wa…
What does the LAGEOS measure?
*Changes in gravity... *Distance between point of earth and a s…
5 terms
Water Distribution - Monitor Water Quality
As the temperature of the water increa…
Large full storage tanks are typically…
Why is a well acidified?... a. Take out…
What is the primary source of coliform…
Answer: a. More effective
Answer: b. 10 mg/L
Answer: b. Increase the well's productivity
Answer: d. Fecal material from warm-blooded animals
As the temperature of the water increa…
Answer: a. More effective
Large full storage tanks are typically…
Answer: b. 10 mg/L
30 terms
Hydrosphere: Water Monitoring (Morehead Mobile Lab)
acid
acidic
acidity
alkalinity
An acid is a chemical compound that has at least one hydrogen…
An acidic compound has a pH lower than 7.0.
Acidity is the property of being acidic, measured by pH.
Alkalinity is similar to basicity; it generally refers to the…
acid
An acid is a chemical compound that has at least one hydrogen…
acidic
An acidic compound has a pH lower than 7.0.
47 terms
APES Water Monitoring Test Study Guide
mayfly nymph
stonefly nymph
caddisfly larvae
gilled snails
mayfly nymph
stonefly nymph
Monitoring & Managing Water Supplies - HSC CHEM
Reasons for monitoring and managing
Turbidity
Total dissolved solids (TDS)
Concentration of common ions
- Healthy drinking water... - aesthetic quality... - removal of min…
A measurement of cloudiness, a lack of clarity related to the…
The measurement of solids dissolved in the water.
Measurement of particular ions in water such as chlorine ( to…
Reasons for monitoring and managing
- Healthy drinking water... - aesthetic quality... - removal of min…
Turbidity
A measurement of cloudiness, a lack of clarity related to the…
Science chapter 11.0 monitoring water systems
Chlorine
Contaminants
Recharge
Discharge
Chemical used to disinfect water (kill organisms)
Content that is harmful to humans, other animals and the envi…
Refill
Release or pour out
Chlorine
Chemical used to disinfect water (kill organisms)
Contaminants
Content that is harmful to humans, other animals and the envi…
16 terms
C2.1 monitoring water quality
Five categories of water use
Biological indicators
Chemical factors that affect organisms
Factors that influence dissolved oxygen
5 uses of water are:... 1. Human drinking water 2. Water for swi…
The following are used to to monitor water quality:... Microbiol…
These affect organisms:... -dissolved oxygen... -acidity... -heavy met…
These influence dissolved oxygen:... -temperature... -turbulence du…
Five categories of water use
5 uses of water are:... 1. Human drinking water 2. Water for swi…
Biological indicators
The following are used to to monitor water quality:... Microbiol…
33 terms
Monitoring of a Water Treatment System, Water Treatment Components, and Chemicals
Monitoring a Water Tx System
Backflow Prevention Device
Temperature Blending Valve
Booster Pump
- Set up and follow an effective monitoring program.... - Each c…
Monitor: Pressure drop across the device.... Look for: A pressur…
Monitor: Water Temperature (77F - 82F)... Look for: Appropriat…
Monitor: Water Pressure... Look for: Pump turning on and off at…
Monitoring a Water Tx System
- Set up and follow an effective monitoring program.... - Each c…
Backflow Prevention Device
Monitor: Pressure drop across the device.... Look for: A pressur…
Monitoring of a Water Treatment System, Water Treatment Components, and Chemicals
Monitoring a Water Tx System
Backflow Prevention Device
Temperature Blending Valve
Booster Pump
- Set up and follow an effective monitoring program.... - Each c…
Monitor: Pressure drop across the device.... Look for: A pressur…
Monitor: Water Temperature (77F - 82F)... Look for: Appropriat…
Monitor: Water Pressure... Look for: Pump turning on and off at…
Monitoring a Water Tx System
- Set up and follow an effective monitoring program.... - Each c…
Backflow Prevention Device
Monitor: Pressure drop across the device.... Look for: A pressur…
13 terms
Microbiology Chapter 27 Water Monitoring to Prevent Disease
What does untreated wasterwater endang…
What can a wastewater treament remove
How does contaminated water affect hum…
How does contaminated water affect aqu…
human health and aquatic animal life
solid wastes, organic matter, toxic chemicals and microorgani…
diarrheal deaths
organic matter supports excessive microbial growth which depl…
What does untreated wasterwater endang…
human health and aquatic animal life
What can a wastewater treament remove
solid wastes, organic matter, toxic chemicals and microorgani…
33 terms
Monitoring of a Water Treatment System, Water Treatment Components, and Chemicals
Monitoring a Water Tx System
Backflow Prevention Device
Temperature Blending Valve
Booster Pump
- Set up and follow an effective monitoring program.... - Each c…
Monitor: Pressure drop across the device.... Look for: A pressur…
Monitor: Water Temperature (77F - 82F)... Look for: Appropriat…
Monitor: Water Pressure... Look for: Pump turning on and off at…
Monitoring a Water Tx System
- Set up and follow an effective monitoring program.... - Each c…
Backflow Prevention Device
Monitor: Pressure drop across the device.... Look for: A pressur…
12 terms
Water Quality, Water as a Resource, and Bio monitoring Quiz
What is a watershed
The water in Swickard woods is part of…
When it rains in OHIO the precipitatio…
Major uses of water from greatest to l…
an areas of land in which the water drains to a common location
sugar run
True
agricultural, industrial, domestic
What is a watershed
an areas of land in which the water drains to a common location
The water in Swickard woods is part of…
sugar run
17 terms
Week 7, Monitoring Surface Water and Ground Water for Bacterial Pathogens
Direct test for pathogens include
Indicator organisms
Name the 3 common bacteria- indicator…
Drinking water standards include ____…
-selective cultivation to large #s... - Molecular tests(test for…
are microorganisms whose presence in water indicates probable…
- Coliform Group( total and fecal) Example. E. coli... - Strepto…
no
Direct test for pathogens include
-selective cultivation to large #s... - Molecular tests(test for…
Indicator organisms
are microorganisms whose presence in water indicates probable…
40 terms
IDMT, Block VI, Unit 3a/b, Water monitoring
6 major variables affecting the effici…
Procedure for chlorine residual testing
Fixed facility chlorine residual vs. f…
Record findings of chlorine on DD form?
Types/concentration of chlorine... pH of water... concentration of…
open water and let run for 5 minutes... rinse test tube... fill to…
0.2 ppm for bactericidal... 10 ppm for cysticidal
686
6 major variables affecting the effici…
Types/concentration of chlorine... pH of water... concentration of…
Procedure for chlorine residual testing
open water and let run for 5 minutes... rinse test tube... fill to…
5 terms
Water treatment t1 monitor, evaluate and adjust treatment processes
which of the following term is defined…
free chloride residual values are base…
what is the typical strength of calciu…
the iron content of a raw water is 1.8…
disinfiction
10 min
65 to 70%
94%
which of the following term is defined…
disinfiction
free chloride residual values are base…
10 min
lesson 3 monitoring earthquakes
seismogram
tiltmeter
creepmeter
laser ranging device
A tracing of earthquake motion that is created by a seismograph
An instrument that uses water to register changes in the earth
A wire or laser beam stretched across a fault to record horiz…
A laser is beamed across a fualt and is reflected back. If th…
seismogram
A tracing of earthquake motion that is created by a seismograph
tiltmeter
An instrument that uses water to register changes in the earth
Monitoring Earthquakes
Seismograph
Liquefaction
Aftershock
Tsunami
Zigzag pattern of lines used to represent an earthquake.
Occurs when an earthquake's violent shaking suddenly turns lo…
An earthquake that occurs after a large earthquake in the sam…
The water displaced by the earthquake may form a large wave.
Seismograph
Zigzag pattern of lines used to represent an earthquake.
Liquefaction
Occurs when an earthquake's violent shaking suddenly turns lo…
13 terms
Monitoring & Protecting the Environment
Genetic factors
Pathogenic agents
Environmental factors
Population growth
When traits run in a family, you may have inherited factors t…
Causes disease or illness to its host.
Abiotic or biotic factors that influence living organisms.
Overall fluctuation, be it increase, or even decrease, of the…
Genetic factors
When traits run in a family, you may have inherited factors t…
Pathogenic agents
Causes disease or illness to its host.
29 terms
OC Water District Vocabulary
drought
flooding
desalination
reservoir
A long period of time of dry weather when there is not enough…
A situation in which an area of land becomes covered with wat…
The process of removing salt from sea water so that people ca…
A lake, sometimes made by people, where water is saved before…
drought
A long period of time of dry weather when there is not enough…
flooding
A situation in which an area of land becomes covered with wat…
10 terms
5.3 & 5.4 Monitoring Earthquakes & Earthquake Safety
seismogram
seismogram
west coast
east coast
pattern of lines that records seismic waves
part of United States with greater earthquake risk
part of United States with low earthquake risk
seismogram
pattern of lines that records seismic waves
seismogram
18 terms
Tap Water Tour - Water Words
Acid
Algae
Bacteria
Basic
A substance with a pH below 7.0.
Simple rootless plants that grow in sunlight waters in relati…
Microscopic living organisms that can aid in pollution contro…
A substance with a pH above 7.0.
Acid
A substance with a pH below 7.0.
Algae
Simple rootless plants that grow in sunlight waters in relati…
Water Quality
p H scale
nitrates
phosphates
turbidity
is defined as a measure of how acidic or how basic liquid
is an inorganic compound made of nitrogen and water that can…
is an inorganic compound that contain phosphorus; used in fer…
is the clearness or clarity of water; how much debris in the…
p H scale
is defined as a measure of how acidic or how basic liquid
nitrates
is an inorganic compound made of nitrogen and water that can…
Environmental monitoring midterm
What is the Redfield ratio?
What is Oligotrophic?
What is Eutrophic?
What is Mesotrophic?
The ratio of dissolved Nitrogen to dissolved Phosphorous.... The…
A lake, pond, or stream lacking in plant nutrients, such as p…
A lake, stream, or pond having water rich in mineral and orga…
A lake, stream, or pond intermediate between oliotrophic and…
What is the Redfield ratio?
The ratio of dissolved Nitrogen to dissolved Phosphorous.... The…
What is Oligotrophic?
A lake, pond, or stream lacking in plant nutrients, such as p…
20 terms
Ground water definitions
surface water
Ground water
Aquifer
Water Table
water found on the surface of the Earth.
water found below the surface of the Earth, usually stored in…
an underground layer of sand, gravel, or rock that holds water.
the top of an area of water filled... ground.
surface water
water found on the surface of the Earth.
Ground water
water found below the surface of the Earth, usually stored in…
19 terms
Chapter 22: Drinking Water Regulations
CT Value
Check Sampling
Chloramination
Chronic Health Effect
Residual concentration of a given disinfectant in mg/L times…
Whenever an initial or routine sample analysis indicates that…
The application of chlorine and ammonia to water to form chlo…
An adverse effect on a human or animal body with symptoms tha…
CT Value
Residual concentration of a given disinfectant in mg/L times…
Check Sampling
Whenever an initial or routine sample analysis indicates that…
12 terms
Woods Science 8 Earth's Water (8E1.1)
hydrosphere
freshwater
groundwater
aquifer
all of the Earth's water found on, above, and under the Earth…
water that is not salty
water located below the Earth's surface
rock layer that collects and stores water
hydrosphere
all of the Earth's water found on, above, and under the Earth…
freshwater
water that is not salty
33 terms
Global Water B2
relevant
relevance (n)
regime
affect
(adj) Connected with or related to a topic
relevance (n) relate (v) relevant (adj) related (adj)
(n) habit, routine, an action that you do the same every time…
(v) to cause a change
relevant
(adj) Connected with or related to a topic
relevance (n)
relevance (n) relate (v) relevant (adj) related (adj)
25 terms
Chapter 25 - Hemodynamic Monitoring
Hemodynamic monitoring
Central Venous Pressure (CVP)
During what cardiac phase is the press…
Central Venous Pressure (CVP) reflects…
assessment of cardiovascular system through the use of direct…
a measurement of the pressure in the vena cava or right atrium
Diastole
Preload - filling pressure of the right ventricle
Hemodynamic monitoring
assessment of cardiovascular system through the use of direct…
Central Venous Pressure (CVP)
a measurement of the pressure in the vena cava or right atrium
Watershed Monitoring Vocabulary
Nonpoint Source Pollution
Point Source Pollution
Nutrient Pollution
Turbidity
pollution from many diverse sources brought into a body of wa…
pollution from a single identifiable source, typically discha…
pollution from excess plant nutrients, phosphates and nitrate…
particles suspended in water which interfere with clarity, su…
Nonpoint Source Pollution
pollution from many diverse sources brought into a body of wa…
Point Source Pollution
pollution from a single identifiable source, typically discha…
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