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Study sets matching "wbc physiology"

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Study sets matching "wbc physiology"

22 terms
WBC Physiology
Leukopoiesis
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
General Function of WBCs
The production of white blood cells.... - Also known as Leukocyt…
Increase over all WBC count.
Decrease over all WBC count
1. Control inflammation.... 2. Control bacterial infection.... 3. P…
Leukopoiesis
The production of white blood cells.... - Also known as Leukocyt…
Leukocytosis
Increase over all WBC count.
28 terms
Physiology of WBC
Normal value of leukocytes
Parent cell of neutrophils
Luekocyte for inflammation and allergi…
Leukocyte for bacterial infection
5,000-10,000 cells/mL
Myeloblasts
Basophils
Neutrophils
Normal value of leukocytes
5,000-10,000 cells/mL
Parent cell of neutrophils
Myeloblasts
10 terms
WBC Physiology
1 WBC for every 700 RBC
5,000-10,000 cells
leukocytosis
leukopenia
how many WBC for every RBC?
how many cells per uL of blood?
high WBC count; usually normal response due to microbes, stre…
abnormally low WBC count (caused by radiation, shock or chemo…
1 WBC for every 700 RBC
how many WBC for every RBC?
5,000-10,000 cells
how many cells per uL of blood?
94 terms
Physiology - WBC
An undesirable effect of immunity is a…
A common myeloid progenitor cell could…
________ and ________ are derived from…
Which leukocyte is the most common in…
immuno-hypersensitivity
F (B, E)
Granulocytes; monocytes
B (62%)
An undesirable effect of immunity is a…
immuno-hypersensitivity
A common myeloid progenitor cell could…
F (B, E)
154 terms
Lecture 7 Physiology - WBC
WBC
Where can WBCs be found?
Define WBC
What is the main function of the WBC?
White Blood Cell
In bloodstream... Also in loose connective tissue
They are a group of heterogenous nucleated cells that can be…
1. Protect body from infectious microorganisms... (Infectious ag…
WBC
White Blood Cell
Where can WBCs be found?
In bloodstream... Also in loose connective tissue
65 terms
Hematology - WBC Differential & Physiology
What is Leukopoiesis?
What is Leukocytosis?
What is Leukopenia?
What are the 6 WBC functions?
The production of white blood cells.
Increase in the overall WBC count. Inflammatory response or A…
Decrease in overall WBC count. Viral infection, Leukemia, Tox…
Inflammation, control bacterial infection, immunity, help blo…
What is Leukopoiesis?
The production of white blood cells.
What is Leukocytosis?
Increase in the overall WBC count. Inflammatory response or A…
19 terms
Physiology of WBC and abormalities
What are the main divisions of white c…
What are neutrophils and their general…
What are eosinophils and their general…
What are basophils and their general r…
Granulocytes-neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils... Agranulocyte…
Segmented nucleus, 5 lobes, small granules, attracted to site…
Bi lobed nucleus, pink granules, important in parasite infect…
Very rare, bi lobed nucleus, blue granules, important for par…
What are the main divisions of white c…
Granulocytes-neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils... Agranulocyte…
What are neutrophils and their general…
Segmented nucleus, 5 lobes, small granules, attracted to site…
33 terms
WBC Physiology, Morphology and Non-Neoplastic WBC Disorders
Agranulocytes
Granulocytes
Differentiation of Blood Cells
Granulocyte Development
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
Stem Cell - self-renewal or differentiation into Common lymph…
Decreased nucleus size: cytoplasm... Decreased Basophilia
Agranulocytes
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Granulocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
45 terms
WBCs-physiology-blood
what WBCs are capable of phaogyctosis
what it the most widely circulating WBC
platelet production takes place where
what WBC remains in circulation for 24…
neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes
neutrophils
red bone marrow
monocyte
what WBCs are capable of phaogyctosis
neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes
what it the most widely circulating WBC
neutrophils
25 terms
Anatomy and physiology of WBCs
Types of granulocytes
Types of mononuclear cells
Romanovsky type stains
Main WBCs
Neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Mixture of basic dye (methyln blue) and an acidic dye (eosin)
Leukocytes and neutrophils
Types of granulocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils
Types of mononuclear cells
Lymphocytes, monocytes
22 terms
Physiology of RBCs and WBCs
RBC diameter
Cell membrane properties and shape--RBC
Nucleus in RBCS?
How do RBCs generate ATP?
7.8 micrometers )um)
Biconcave disc shape... Cell membrane is very strong to squeeze…
No, allows storage of more hemoglobin molecules
Anaerobically
RBC diameter
7.8 micrometers )um)
Cell membrane properties and shape--RBC
Biconcave disc shape... Cell membrane is very strong to squeeze…
35 terms
WBC hematopoiesis and normal morphology and physiology
Leukopoiesis
Leukocytosis
Inflammatory response ... Allergic reacti…
Leukopenia
Production of WBC's
Increase over all WBC count
What causes Leukocytosis
Decrease over all WBC count
Leukopoiesis
Production of WBC's
Leukocytosis
Increase over all WBC count
82 terms
3. WBC physiology, morphology, and non-neoplastic WBC disorders)
What are the 3 formed elements of blood?
What are the agranulocytes {68}
What are the granulocytes {68}
What's the most abundant white blood c…
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes (platelets)
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
neutrophils
What are the 3 formed elements of blood?
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes (platelets)
What are the agranulocytes {68}
Lymphocytes, monocytes
142 terms
Physiology Exam II- blood, WBC, blood disorders
Terms
RBC shape, lifespan
Active bone marrow
Pluripotent Hematopoietic stem cell
erythrocytes: RBCs... Leukocytes: WBCs... Thrombocytes: platelets... a…
no mitochondia, only anaerobic respiration... Hematocrit:... males:…
decreasing amount of active bone marrow function with age... Adu…
Makes RBCS, megakaryocytes ( progenitor of platelets) lymphoi…
Terms
erythrocytes: RBCs... Leukocytes: WBCs... Thrombocytes: platelets... a…
RBC shape, lifespan
no mitochondia, only anaerobic respiration... Hematocrit:... males:…
20 terms
Block 3: Physiology Final WBCs/Platelets
What are the functions of the blood?
What are components of the blood?
What is the function of neutrophils an…
What is the "drum-stick" appendage on…
1. Transport O2, hormones, metabolites, nutrients, etc. to ce…
55% plasma... -water, protein and other solutes... 45% formed eleme…
function: phagocytosis of bacteria... "1st line of defense"... -als…
inactive x-chromosome (barr body)
What are the functions of the blood?
1. Transport O2, hormones, metabolites, nutrients, etc. to ce…
What are components of the blood?
55% plasma... -water, protein and other solutes... 45% formed eleme…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Connective Tissue) + WBCs + Nervous Tissue
Bone (Dense) ... S.P.M.
Bone(Spongy) ... S.P.M.
Dense (Regular)
Dense (Irregular)
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
-Cells: Fibroblasts... -Fibers: Collagen... -GS: Parallel arranged…
-Cells: Fibroblasts... -Fibers: Collagen (Some elastic)... -GS: Ran…
Bone (Dense) ... S.P.M.
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
Bone(Spongy) ... S.P.M.
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
30 terms
HLI_L8-9_19 Anatomy & physiology of lymphoid organs & WBC
Part of blood made up of:... - H2O 91%... -…
Plasma minus fibrin
Neutrophil... Eosinophil... Basophil
Neutrophil (10-12µm)... -First line of de…
What is blood plasma (55% blood)
What is blood serum?
Name the granulocytes
name the cell and give its functions
Part of blood made up of:... - H2O 91%... -…
What is blood plasma (55% blood)
Plasma minus fibrin
What is blood serum?
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 (Ch.17) - Blood - Leukocytes (WBCs)
Characteristics:
If Leukocytes Are Over 11,000?
Granulocytes
Agranulocytes
-Amoeboid movement - crawl around... -Positive chemotaxis - moti…
Something has triggered them to multiply, implying infection
-If have granules... -phil
-If do not have granules... -cyte
Characteristics:
-Amoeboid movement - crawl around... -Positive chemotaxis - moti…
If Leukocytes Are Over 11,000?
Something has triggered them to multiply, implying infection
17 terms
Chapter 11 - Anatomy & Physiology (11.5 The Formed Elements: Leukocytes [WBC's])
1,000
nuclei
diapedisis
positive chemotaxis
about 1 WBC for every _____RBCs (make up less than 1% of tota…
WBC's are large and contain ______ and other organelles
ability of a WBC cell to move around the body at will (most c…
cells under attack by pathogens release "help" signal chemica…
1,000
about 1 WBC for every _____RBCs (make up less than 1% of tota…
nuclei
WBC's are large and contain ______ and other organelles
41 terms
WBC
Leukemoid reaction
Neutropenia
Reactive Lymphocytosis
Lymphopenia
acute bacterial infection with cytokine mediated growth facto…
Severe agranulocytosis (low absolute count of neutrophis)... Com…
-Viral infection (EBV, Infectious Mononucleosis): infects B…
low absolute count of lymphocytes... -signs and symptoms of infe…
Leukemoid reaction
acute bacterial infection with cytokine mediated growth facto…
Neutropenia
Severe agranulocytosis (low absolute count of neutrophis)... Com…
26 terms
WBC lab
What are the 3 parts of a blood smear?
What can you use the body for?
What cab you use the monolayer for?
What can you use the feathered edge for?
body ... monolayer ... feathered edge
Rouleaux and agglutination
number estimates ... morphology
platelet clumps ... large cells ... microfilaria (parasite)
What are the 3 parts of a blood smear?
body ... monolayer ... feathered edge
What can you use the body for?
Rouleaux and agglutination
105 terms
Physio WBC
Effects of complement system
Natural killer cells (what they do, wh…
Natural killer cells function and mech…
How to NK cells kill cells directly?
opsonization, precipitation (agglutination), masking active s…
non-specific killer cells, granular, large, non-phagocytic ly…
Do not require sensitization, combat disease while specialize…
secrete perforins, granzyme and NK-lysin
Effects of complement system
opsonization, precipitation (agglutination), masking active s…
Natural killer cells (what they do, wh…
non-specific killer cells, granular, large, non-phagocytic ly…
16 terms
WBC identification
Eosinophil
Eosinophil
Eosinophil
Monocyte
Eosinophil
Eosinophil
38 terms
WBC review
Nucleus
cytoplasm
Chromatin
Nucleoli
Control center
all protoplasm other than the nucleus
the thread like appearance of the chromosomes when the cell i…
oval bodies within the nucleus, direct cell reproduction and…
Nucleus
Control center
cytoplasm
all protoplasm other than the nucleus
155 terms
WBC
hematopoiesis
what is another term for a WBC
What are the 2 general types of WBC
Granulocytes
production of WBC
leukocyte
granulocytes... agranuloctyes
contain granules in cytoplasm... basophils... eosinophils... neutroph…
hematopoiesis
production of WBC
what is another term for a WBC
leukocyte
24 terms
WBC lecture from Hem/Onc
Breakdown of WBCs (classes and cells)
Neutrophils (Morphology)
Band Forms (Morphology)
Eosinophils (Morphology)
-granulocytes: neutrophils (and band forms), eosinophils, bas…
also called PMNs, they are the most common WBC ... -have a pale…
aka stab cells, are immature PMNs. Have a curved, but not seg…
granulocytes w large refractile, orange-pink granules... -nucleu…
Breakdown of WBCs (classes and cells)
-granulocytes: neutrophils (and band forms), eosinophils, bas…
Neutrophils (Morphology)
also called PMNs, they are the most common WBC ... -have a pale…
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Blood
blood components
Blood Solid elements
Serum
plasma components
45% solid elements and ... 55 % liquid elements
RBC red blood cell or erythrocytes ... WBC Leukocytes ( neutroph…
Clear fluid portion of blood that remains after coagulation,…
nutrients, salts, gases, wastes, hormones, blood proteins (im…
blood components
45% solid elements and ... 55 % liquid elements
Blood Solid elements
RBC red blood cell or erythrocytes ... WBC Leukocytes ( neutroph…
9 terms
LAB QUIZ 4: WBC/Blood Typing/Blood Pressure
Which WBC is depicted?
Which WBC is depicted?
Which WBC is depicted?
Which WBC is depicted?
Monocytes
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
Basophils
Which WBC is depicted?
Monocytes
Which WBC is depicted?
Neutrophils
75 terms
WBC
What WBC's are the Polymorphonuclear G…
Which WBC's are Agranulocytes?
What is another Monocyte?
What are the other Lymphocytes?
• Neutrophils... • Eosinophils... • Basophils
• Monocytes... • Lymphocytes
Macrophage
• B Lymphocytes... • T Lymphocytes
What WBC's are the Polymorphonuclear G…
• Neutrophils... • Eosinophils... • Basophils
Which WBC's are Agranulocytes?
• Monocytes... • Lymphocytes
55 terms
Non Neoplasia WBC Disorders
what is leukocytosis?
what are some physiological causes of…
what are some ocmbinations that can be…
what is the marginating pool?
it is an increase in the total # of WBC per L of blood and ex…
newborn, pregnancy, or inflammatory response due to # of stim…
combination of any of the followin:... -neutrophilia... -lymphocyto…
neutrophils (-50%) stuck to the endothlium of blood vessels s…
what is leukocytosis?
it is an increase in the total # of WBC per L of blood and ex…
what are some physiological causes of…
newborn, pregnancy, or inflammatory response due to # of stim…
78 terms
Lymphohaematopoiesis - WBC
granulocytes, granules, mononuclear ce…
granulopoiesis, cytokines
spleen, liver, LN, extra-medullary hae…
dividing, maturation, storage
Leukocytes have two categories. Neutrophils, eosinophils and…
_________ occurs in the bone marrow. Stem cell differentiatio…
Granulopoiesis can occur in the _____, _______ and _ _ if WBC…
What are the three pools of WBC in bone marrow?
granulocytes, granules, mononuclear ce…
Leukocytes have two categories. Neutrophils, eosinophils and…
granulopoiesis, cytokines
_________ occurs in the bone marrow. Stem cell differentiatio…
37 terms
Ch. 16 Blood (WBC Differential)
Determines number of each type WBC pre…
Expressed as percentage and absolute v…
Lifespan 13-20 days - destroyed in lym…
Neutrophils
What does the Differential White Blood Cell Count determine?
How is the Differential White Blood Cell Count express?
What is the lifespan of WBC? and where is it destroy?
Which WBC is the primary defense against bacterial infection,…
Determines number of each type WBC pre…
What does the Differential White Blood Cell Count determine?
Expressed as percentage and absolute v…
How is the Differential White Blood Cell Count express?
185 terms
Physiology Exam 3
3 principal components that make up th…
Which systems impact/ regulate the car…
Blood is made of..
"buffy coat"
heart-pump... blood vessels-the pipes... blood-fluid to be moved
-Endocrine system... -Nervous system... -Kidneys
suspension of "formed elements"-cells and cell fragments and…
leukocytes (WBCs) and platelets-looks filmy and white... -2nd he…
3 principal components that make up th…
heart-pump... blood vessels-the pipes... blood-fluid to be moved
Which systems impact/ regulate the car…
-Endocrine system... -Nervous system... -Kidneys
13 terms
white blood cells
__: after leaving bone marrow, stay in…
account for 60-70% of WBC
__: leave circulation and enter tissue…
account for 2-4% of WBC
neutrophil: after leaving bone marrow, stay in circulation 10…
neutrophil
eosinophils: leave circulation and enter tissues during infla…
eosinophils
__: after leaving bone marrow, stay in…
neutrophil: after leaving bone marrow, stay in circulation 10…
account for 60-70% of WBC
neutrophil
35 terms
1: Benign WBC Abnormalities
Factors affecting ANC (name 4).
Neutrophilia ANC
Physiologic causes of neutrophilia (na…
Pathologic causes of neutrophilia (nam…
Rate of production and release... Neutrophil lifespan (1-2 days)…
>7000/ul
Stress... Excercise... Pregnancy
Inflammation... Infection... Necrosis/Tissue damage... Corticosteroi…
Factors affecting ANC (name 4).
Rate of production and release... Neutrophil lifespan (1-2 days)…
Neutrophilia ANC
>7000/ul
26 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology 8th edition- Blood
plasma
erythrocytes
hemoglobin
Anemia
90% water, contains albumin, clotting proteins, and antibodie…
Red Blood Cells, ferries oxygen, has no nucleus
ron proteins that transports oxygen/ carbon dioxide
1. low numbers of RBCs... 2. Abnormal hemoglobin content
plasma
90% water, contains albumin, clotting proteins, and antibodie…
erythrocytes
Red Blood Cells, ferries oxygen, has no nucleus
43 terms
WBC pathology
Neutropenia
Lymphopenia
Eosinopenia
Neutrophilic leukocytosis
-Absolute neutrophil count <1500... -Causes: sepsis/postinfectio…
-Absolute lymph. count <1500 (<3000 in kids)... -Causes: HIV, Di…
-Caused by Cushing syndrome... -Steroids.
-Increased neutrophils... -Causes: bacterial infection or tissue…
Neutropenia
-Absolute neutrophil count <1500... -Causes: sepsis/postinfectio…
Lymphopenia
-Absolute lymph. count <1500 (<3000 in kids)... -Causes: HIV, Di…
WBC
Normal neutrophil count
Normal lymphocyte count
Normal monocyte count
Normal Eosinophil count
50-70%
20-40%
2-8%
1-4%
Normal neutrophil count
50-70%
Normal lymphocyte count
20-40%
113 terms
Physiology 212 - Blood
functions
blood weight compared to the body
where is the blood?
blood is thicker than water
transport... defence... hemostasis
approximately 7-8% of body weight
present inside blood vessels but many components function in…
more viscous
functions
transport... defence... hemostasis
blood weight compared to the body
approximately 7-8% of body weight
34 terms
WBC
What are the key features of a WBC?
What are the two major subdivisions of…
What cells are included in granulocytes?
What are included in mononuclear cells?
They have a nucleus, colorless in fresh blood, components of…
Granulocytes and mononuclear cells.
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils. These have polymorphic n…
Lymphocytes and monocytes. These have a non-specific granule…
What are the key features of a WBC?
They have a nucleus, colorless in fresh blood, components of…
What are the two major subdivisions of…
Granulocytes and mononuclear cells.
PATHO Chapter 29: WBC Disorders
leukopenia
leukocytosis
Causes of alterations in Leukocytes
Leukopenia vs Leukocytosis
Reduced numbers or quality of leukocytes ... 1. Granulocytopeni…
Increased numbers of leukocytes... 1.Granulocytosis (neutrophil…
--Infection... --Bone marrow dysfunction or premature destructio…
Leukocytosis... -Counts are higher than normal... -Normal protect…
leukopenia
Reduced numbers or quality of leukocytes ... 1. Granulocytopeni…
leukocytosis
Increased numbers of leukocytes... 1.Granulocytosis (neutrophil…
62 terms
105: 9: Immune Physiology
*adaptive immunity
*antibodies
structure of antibody
primary response of antigen
division of immunity that has specificity and memory... - immune…
proteins that help in destroying antigens indirectly or direc…
Y shape made up of 4 polypeptide chains... - antigen, complement…
1st exposure to antigen... - B cell activated by antigen, prolif…
*adaptive immunity
division of immunity that has specificity and memory... - immune…
*antibodies
proteins that help in destroying antigens indirectly or direc…
82 terms
Physiology Exam 3 Study Guide, Notes, HW Questions
Physical & chemical characteristics of…
Hemoglobin
where are red blood cells destroyed?... b…
hematopoiesis
Adult male - 5-6 liters... Adult female - 4-5 liters... Blood is 5X…
structure: large protein consisting of 4 polypeptides... each po…
destroyed by phagocytic cells in the spleen
hematopoietic stem (hematocytoblast) cell is pluripotent - me…
Physical & chemical characteristics of…
Adult male - 5-6 liters... Adult female - 4-5 liters... Blood is 5X…
Hemoglobin
structure: large protein consisting of 4 polypeptides... each po…
36 terms
Blood: WBC
Name the WBCs that are granulocytes
Name the WBCs that are agranulocytes
polymorphonuclear leukocytes or polys
nuclei = 2 to 5 lobes connected by thi…
1) neutrophils... 2) basophils... 3) eosinophils
1) lymphocytes... 2) monocytes
neutrophils
neutrophils
Name the WBCs that are granulocytes
1) neutrophils... 2) basophils... 3) eosinophils
Name the WBCs that are agranulocytes
1) lymphocytes... 2) monocytes
13 terms
Chap 17- blood- WBC
Neutrophil
Eosinophil
Basophil
Lymphocyte
Granulocyte, 50-70% highly phagocytic
Granulocyte, 2-4% ... Destroy anti-genbody complex... Parasitic inf…
Granulocyte, 0.5-1%... Release histamine & heparin
Agranulocyte, 25-45%
Neutrophil
Granulocyte, 50-70% highly phagocytic
Eosinophil
Granulocyte, 2-4% ... Destroy anti-genbody complex... Parasitic inf…
13 terms
Blood 3
hemoglobin
lymphocyte
monocyte
neutrophils
An iron-containing protein in red blood cells that reversibly…
agranulocyte, WBC, main part of immune system
agranulocyte, WBC that engages in phagocytosis and referred t…
A type of white blood cell that engulfs invading microbes and…
hemoglobin
An iron-containing protein in red blood cells that reversibly…
lymphocyte
agranulocyte, WBC, main part of immune system
46 terms
Ch.2 Physiology Lab
How many different types of tissues ar…
What are the four different types of t…
Epithelial tissue
Simple tissue
4
Epithelial, muscle, connective, and nervous tissue.
protects, secretes, and lines the body and its cavities. ... cel…
one layer thick... i.e. where gas exchange occurs
How many different types of tissues ar…
4
What are the four different types of t…
Epithelial, muscle, connective, and nervous tissue.
201 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide
MRI
RAI
PET
CT
...
...
...
...
MRI
...
RAI
...
99 terms
Cardio Physiology (Ch. 16)
total blood volume in a human is equal…
main component of plasma
most prevalent type of protein in the…
__________ makes most plasma proteins…
7% of the total body weight
1. water: 92%... 2. proteins: 7%... 3. dissolved organic molecules,…
albumins
liver
total blood volume in a human is equal…
7% of the total body weight
main component of plasma
1. water: 92%... 2. proteins: 7%... 3. dissolved organic molecules,…
48 terms
Reactive WBC changes
primary neutro granules
secondary/specific neutro granules
3 compartment life spans of neutros
youngest stage of neutro development
dense azurophilic... myeloperoxidase=important lysis factor
delicate salmon... alkaline phosphatase ... lysozyme... Vit B12 bindin…
BM=7-11 days... blood= 6hrs... tissue=4-5 days ... DOES NOT BACK TRACK
myeloblast
primary neutro granules
dense azurophilic... myeloperoxidase=important lysis factor
secondary/specific neutro granules
delicate salmon... alkaline phosphatase ... lysozyme... Vit B12 bindin…
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