Study sets matching "wbc physiology"

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Study sets matching "wbc physiology"

22 terms
WBC Physiology
Leukopoiesis
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
General Function of WBCs
The production of white blood cells.... - Also known as Leukocyt…
Increase over all WBC count.
Decrease over all WBC count
1. Control inflammation.... 2. Control bacterial infection.... 3. P…
Leukopoiesis
The production of white blood cells.... - Also known as Leukocyt…
Leukocytosis
Increase over all WBC count.
WBC Physiology
1 WBC for every 700 RBC
5,000-10,000 cells
leukocytosis
leukopenia
how many WBC for every RBC?
how many cells per uL of blood?
high WBC count; usually normal response due to microbes, stre…
abnormally low WBC count (caused by radiation, shock or chemo…
1 WBC for every 700 RBC
how many WBC for every RBC?
5,000-10,000 cells
how many cells per uL of blood?
28 terms
Physiology of WBC
Normal value of leukocytes
Parent cell of neutrophils
Luekocyte for inflammation and allergi…
Leukocyte for bacterial infection
5,000-10,000 cells/mL
Myeloblasts
Basophils
Neutrophils
Normal value of leukocytes
5,000-10,000 cells/mL
Parent cell of neutrophils
Myeloblasts
94 terms
Physiology - WBC
An undesirable effect of immunity is a…
A common myeloid progenitor cell could…
________ and ________ are derived from…
Which leukocyte is the most common in…
immuno-hypersensitivity
F (B, E)
Granulocytes; monocytes
B (62%)
An undesirable effect of immunity is a…
immuno-hypersensitivity
A common myeloid progenitor cell could…
F (B, E)
154 terms
Lecture 7 Physiology - WBC
WBC
Where can WBCs be found?
Define WBC
What is the main function of the WBC?
White Blood Cell
In bloodstream... Also in loose connective tissue
They are a group of heterogenous nucleated cells that can be…
1. Protect body from infectious microorganisms... (Infectious ag…
WBC
White Blood Cell
Where can WBCs be found?
In bloodstream... Also in loose connective tissue
65 terms
Hematology - WBC Differential & Physiology
What is Leukopoiesis?
What is Leukocytosis?
What is Leukopenia?
What are the 6 WBC functions?
The production of white blood cells.
Increase in the overall WBC count. Inflammatory response or A…
Decrease in overall WBC count. Viral infection, Leukemia, Tox…
Inflammation, control bacterial infection, immunity, help blo…
What is Leukopoiesis?
The production of white blood cells.
What is Leukocytosis?
Increase in the overall WBC count. Inflammatory response or A…
33 terms
WBC Physiology, Morphology and Non-Neoplastic WBC Disorders
Agranulocytes
Granulocytes
Differentiation of Blood Cells
Granulocyte Development
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
Stem Cell - self-renewal or differentiation into Common lymph…
Decreased nucleus size: cytoplasm... Decreased Basophilia
Agranulocytes
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Granulocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
Physiology of WBC and abormalities
What are the main divisions of white c…
What are neutrophils and their general…
What are eosinophils and their general…
What are basophils and their general r…
Granulocytes-neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils... Agranulocyte…
Segmented nucleus, 5 lobes, small granules, attracted to site…
Bi lobed nucleus, pink granules, important in parasite infect…
Very rare, bi lobed nucleus, blue granules, important for par…
What are the main divisions of white c…
Granulocytes-neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils... Agranulocyte…
What are neutrophils and their general…
Segmented nucleus, 5 lobes, small granules, attracted to site…
45 terms
WBCs-physiology-blood
what WBCs are capable of phaogyctosis
what it the most widely circulating WBC
platelet production takes place where
what WBC remains in circulation for 24…
neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes
neutrophils
red bone marrow
monocyte
what WBCs are capable of phaogyctosis
neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes
what it the most widely circulating WBC
neutrophils
22 terms
Physiology of RBCs and WBCs
RBC diameter
Cell membrane properties and shape--RBC
Nucleus in RBCS?
How do RBCs generate ATP?
7.8 micrometers )um)
Biconcave disc shape... Cell membrane is very strong to squeeze…
No, allows storage of more hemoglobin molecules
Anaerobically
RBC diameter
7.8 micrometers )um)
Cell membrane properties and shape--RBC
Biconcave disc shape... Cell membrane is very strong to squeeze…
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of WBCs
what is the main characteristic of bas…
what is the function of the basophil?
what is the function of a monocyte?
what does a monocyte look like?
they are purple (basophilic blue) ... bi lobed/multilobed nucleus
inflammatory and allergic type responses... contain histamine, h…
recruited into tissue whre they differentiate into macrophage…
largets type of WBC ... variably shaped nucleus ... cytoplasm abund…
what is the main characteristic of bas…
they are purple (basophilic blue) ... bi lobed/multilobed nucleus
what is the function of the basophil?
inflammatory and allergic type responses... contain histamine, h…
Anatomy and physiology of WBCs
Types of granulocytes
Types of mononuclear cells
Romanovsky type stains
Main WBCs
Neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Mixture of basic dye (methyln blue) and an acidic dye (eosin)
Leukocytes and neutrophils
Types of granulocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils
Types of mononuclear cells
Lymphocytes, monocytes
35 terms
WBC hematopoiesis and normal morphology and physiology
Leukopoiesis
Leukocytosis
Inflammatory response ... Allergic reacti…
Leukopenia
Production of WBC's
Increase over all WBC count
What causes Leukocytosis
Decrease over all WBC count
Leukopoiesis
Production of WBC's
Leukocytosis
Increase over all WBC count
82 terms
3. WBC physiology, morphology, and non-neoplastic WBC disorders)
What are the 3 formed elements of blood?
What are the agranulocytes {68}
What are the granulocytes {68}
What's the most abundant white blood c…
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes (platelets)
Lymphocytes, monocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
neutrophils
What are the 3 formed elements of blood?
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes (platelets)
What are the agranulocytes {68}
Lymphocytes, monocytes
142 terms
Physiology Exam II- blood, WBC, blood disorders
Terms
RBC shape, lifespan
Active bone marrow
Pluripotent Hematopoietic stem cell
erythrocytes: RBCs... Leukocytes: WBCs... Thrombocytes: platelets... a…
no mitochondia, only anaerobic respiration... Hematocrit:... males:…
decreasing amount of active bone marrow function with age... Adu…
Makes RBCS, megakaryocytes ( progenitor of platelets) lymphoi…
Terms
erythrocytes: RBCs... Leukocytes: WBCs... Thrombocytes: platelets... a…
RBC shape, lifespan
no mitochondia, only anaerobic respiration... Hematocrit:... males:…
20 terms
Block 3: Physiology Final WBCs/Platelets
What are the functions of the blood?
What are components of the blood?
What is the function of neutrophils an…
What is the "drum-stick" appendage on…
1. Transport O2, hormones, metabolites, nutrients, etc. to ce…
55% plasma... -water, protein and other solutes... 45% formed eleme…
function: phagocytosis of bacteria... "1st line of defense"... -als…
inactive x-chromosome (barr body)
What are the functions of the blood?
1. Transport O2, hormones, metabolites, nutrients, etc. to ce…
What are components of the blood?
55% plasma... -water, protein and other solutes... 45% formed eleme…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Connective Tissue) + WBCs + Nervous Tissue
Bone (Dense) ... S.P.M.
Bone(Spongy) ... S.P.M.
Dense (Regular)
Dense (Irregular)
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
-Cells: Fibroblasts... -Fibers: Collagen... -GS: Parallel arranged…
-Cells: Fibroblasts... -Fibers: Collagen (Some elastic)... -GS: Ran…
Bone (Dense) ... S.P.M.
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
Bone(Spongy) ... S.P.M.
-Cells: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts... -Fibers: Some Collagen... -GS: C…
30 terms
HLI_L8-9_19 Anatomy & physiology of lymphoid organs & WBC
Part of blood made up of:... - H2O 91%... -…
Plasma minus fibrin
Neutrophil... Eosinophil... Basophil
Neutrophil (10-12µm)... -First line of de…
What is blood plasma (55% blood)
What is blood serum?
Name the granulocytes
name the cell and give its functions
Part of blood made up of:... - H2O 91%... -…
What is blood plasma (55% blood)
Plasma minus fibrin
What is blood serum?
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 (Ch.17) - Blood - Leukocytes (WBCs)
Characteristics:
If Leukocytes Are Over 11,000?
Granulocytes
Agranulocytes
-Amoeboid movement - crawl around... -Positive chemotaxis - moti…
Something has triggered them to multiply, implying infection
-If have granules... -phil
-If do not have granules... -cyte
Characteristics:
-Amoeboid movement - crawl around... -Positive chemotaxis - moti…
If Leukocytes Are Over 11,000?
Something has triggered them to multiply, implying infection
17 terms
Chapter 11 - Anatomy & Physiology (11.5 The Formed Elements: Leukocytes [WBC's])
1,000
nuclei
diapedisis
positive chemotaxis
about 1 WBC for every _____RBCs (make up less than 1% of tota…
WBC's are large and contain ______ and other organelles
ability of a WBC cell to move around the body at will (most c…
cells under attack by pathogens release "help" signal chemica…
1,000
about 1 WBC for every _____RBCs (make up less than 1% of tota…
nuclei
WBC's are large and contain ______ and other organelles
105 terms
Physio WBC
Effects of complement system
Natural killer cells (what they do, wh…
Natural killer cells function and mech…
How to NK cells kill cells directly?
opsonization, precipitation (agglutination), masking active s…
non-specific killer cells, granular, large, non-phagocytic ly…
Do not require sensitization, combat disease while specialize…
secrete perforins, granzyme and NK-lysin
Effects of complement system
opsonization, precipitation (agglutination), masking active s…
Natural killer cells (what they do, wh…
non-specific killer cells, granular, large, non-phagocytic ly…
41 terms
WBC
Leukemoid reaction
Neutropenia
Reactive Lymphocytosis
Lymphopenia
acute bacterial infection with cytokine mediated growth facto…
Severe agranulocytosis (low absolute count of neutrophis)... Com…
-Viral infection (EBV, Infectious Mononucleosis): infects B…
low absolute count of lymphocytes... -signs and symptoms of infe…
Leukemoid reaction
acute bacterial infection with cytokine mediated growth facto…
Neutropenia
Severe agranulocytosis (low absolute count of neutrophis)... Com…
WBC types
neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils
monocytes
allergies- looks like pollen inside
varies in shape
neutrophils
eosinophils
26 terms
WBC lab
What are the 3 parts of a blood smear?
What can you use the body for?
What cab you use the monolayer for?
What can you use the feathered edge for?
body ... monolayer ... feathered edge
Rouleaux and agglutination
number estimates ... morphology
platelet clumps ... large cells ... microfilaria (parasite)
What are the 3 parts of a blood smear?
body ... monolayer ... feathered edge
What can you use the body for?
Rouleaux and agglutination
155 terms
WBC
hematopoiesis
what is another term for a WBC
What are the 2 general types of WBC
Granulocytes
production of WBC
leukocyte
granulocytes... agranuloctyes
contain granules in cytoplasm... basophils... eosinophils... neutroph…
hematopoiesis
production of WBC
what is another term for a WBC
leukocyte
278 terms
WBC
What is seen after centrifugation of t…
How is hematocit measured?... What are t…
What is the difference between serum a…
What proteins are present in plasma?…
Plasma --> 90% water, 10% molecules... Buffy coat --> WBCS... Cel…
HCT = RBCs as % of blood volume (high HCT is more RBCs in blo…
Plasma --> acellular fluid portion of the blood... Serum --> lef…
Albumin, alpha and beta globulins, and gamma globulins... Album…
What is seen after centrifugation of t…
Plasma --> 90% water, 10% molecules... Buffy coat --> WBCS... Cel…
How is hematocit measured?... What are t…
HCT = RBCs as % of blood volume (high HCT is more RBCs in blo…
WBC lecture from Hem/Onc
Breakdown of WBCs (classes and cells)
Neutrophils (Morphology)
Band Forms (Morphology)
Eosinophils (Morphology)
-granulocytes: neutrophils (and band forms), eosinophils, bas…
also called PMNs, they are the most common WBC ... -have a pale…
aka stab cells, are immature PMNs. Have a curved, but not seg…
granulocytes w large refractile, orange-pink granules... -nucleu…
Breakdown of WBCs (classes and cells)
-granulocytes: neutrophils (and band forms), eosinophils, bas…
Neutrophils (Morphology)
also called PMNs, they are the most common WBC ... -have a pale…
75 terms
WBC
What WBC's are the Polymorphonuclear G…
Which WBC's are Agranulocytes?
What is another Monocyte?
What are the other Lymphocytes?
• Neutrophils... • Eosinophils... • Basophils
• Monocytes... • Lymphocytes
Macrophage
• B Lymphocytes... • T Lymphocytes
What WBC's are the Polymorphonuclear G…
• Neutrophils... • Eosinophils... • Basophils
Which WBC's are Agranulocytes?
• Monocytes... • Lymphocytes
16 terms
WBC identification
Eosinophil
Eosinophil
Eosinophil
Monocyte
Eosinophil
Eosinophil
WBC Morphology
Neutrophils
Basophils
Eosinophils
Monocytes
Neutrophils
Basophils
5 terms
WBC Types
neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils
monocytes
most abundant; very active in phagocytosis of bacteria
attack parasites; create inflammatory responses; control alle…
releases histamine that causes inflammatory responses
precursors to macrophages
neutrophils
most abundant; very active in phagocytosis of bacteria
eosinophils
attack parasites; create inflammatory responses; control alle…
WBC DISORDERS
leukopenia
leukocytosis
leukemia
multiple myeloma
abnormally low WBC count
abnormally high WBC count, more common and usually accompanie…
abnormal production of WBC's that do not function properly
cancer of mature plasma cells (antibody producing lymphocytes…
leukopenia
abnormally low WBC count
leukocytosis
abnormally high WBC count, more common and usually accompanie…
WBC review
Nucleus
cytoplasm
Chromatin
Nucleoli
Control center
all protoplasm other than the nucleus
the thread like appearance of the chromosomes when the cell i…
oval bodies within the nucleus, direct cell reproduction and…
Nucleus
Control center
cytoplasm
all protoplasm other than the nucleus
WBC pathology
Neutropenia
Lymphopenia
Eosinopenia
Neutrophilic leukocytosis
-Absolute neutrophil count <1500... -Causes: sepsis/postinfectio…
-Absolute lymph. count <1500 (<3000 in kids)... -Causes: HIV, Di…
-Caused by Cushing syndrome... -Steroids.
-Increased neutrophils... -Causes: bacterial infection or tissue…
Neutropenia
-Absolute neutrophil count <1500... -Causes: sepsis/postinfectio…
Lymphopenia
-Absolute lymph. count <1500 (<3000 in kids)... -Causes: HIV, Di…
6 terms
Fighting infections and WBC count
WBC protect against infection in vario…
Diapedisis
Inflammatory reaction
Leukocytosis
Phagocytize bacterial cells; phagocytize foreign cells and pr…
WBCs squeezing through tiny gaps found between cells of a cap…
Damaged tissues release chemicals that attract WBCs to area.…
Abnormally high WBC count; over 10000
WBC protect against infection in vario…
Phagocytize bacterial cells; phagocytize foreign cells and pr…
Diapedisis
WBCs squeezing through tiny gaps found between cells of a cap…
Anatomy and Physiology Blood
blood components
Blood Solid elements
Serum
plasma components
45% solid elements and ... 55 % liquid elements
RBC red blood cell or erythrocytes ... WBC Leukocytes ( neutroph…
Clear fluid portion of blood that remains after coagulation,…
nutrients, salts, gases, wastes, hormones, blood proteins (im…
blood components
45% solid elements and ... 55 % liquid elements
Blood Solid elements
RBC red blood cell or erythrocytes ... WBC Leukocytes ( neutroph…
13 terms
Chap 17- blood- WBC
Neutrophil
Eosinophil
Basophil
Lymphocyte
Granulocyte, 50-70% highly phagocytic
Granulocyte, 2-4% ... Destroy anti-genbody complex... Parasitic inf…
Granulocyte, 0.5-1%... Release histamine & heparin
Agranulocyte, 25-45%
Neutrophil
Granulocyte, 50-70% highly phagocytic
Eosinophil
Granulocyte, 2-4% ... Destroy anti-genbody complex... Parasitic inf…
36 terms
Blood: WBC
Name the WBCs that are granulocytes
Name the WBCs that are agranulocytes
polymorphonuclear leukocytes or polys
nuclei = 2 to 5 lobes connected by thi…
1) neutrophils... 2) basophils... 3) eosinophils
1) lymphocytes... 2) monocytes
neutrophils
neutrophils
Name the WBCs that are granulocytes
1) neutrophils... 2) basophils... 3) eosinophils
Name the WBCs that are agranulocytes
1) lymphocytes... 2) monocytes
185 terms
Physiology Exam 3
3 principal components that make up th…
Which systems impact/ regulate the car…
Blood is made of..
"buffy coat"
heart-pump... blood vessels-the pipes... blood-fluid to be moved
-Endocrine system... -Nervous system... -Kidneys
suspension of "formed elements"-cells and cell fragments and…
leukocytes (WBCs) and platelets-looks filmy and white... -2nd he…
3 principal components that make up th…
heart-pump... blood vessels-the pipes... blood-fluid to be moved
Which systems impact/ regulate the car…
-Endocrine system... -Nervous system... -Kidneys
37 terms
Ch. 16 Blood (WBC Differential)
Determines number of each type WBC pre…
Expressed as percentage and absolute v…
Lifespan 13-20 days - destroyed in lym…
Neutrophils
What does the Differential White Blood Cell Count determine?
How is the Differential White Blood Cell Count express?
What is the lifespan of WBC? and where is it destroy?
Which WBC is the primary defense against bacterial infection,…
Determines number of each type WBC pre…
What does the Differential White Blood Cell Count determine?
Expressed as percentage and absolute v…
How is the Differential White Blood Cell Count express?
30 terms
WBC
Most frequent in peripheral blood?
Least frequent in peripheral blood?
Pyogenic infections and paleness indic…
Reactive atypical lymphocytes
Neutrophil
Basophil
Chediak Higashi (weird big granules)
Mono
Most frequent in peripheral blood?
Neutrophil
Least frequent in peripheral blood?
Basophil
Non Neoplasia WBC Disorders
what is leukocytosis?
what are some physiological causes of…
what are some ocmbinations that can be…
what is the marginating pool?
it is an increase in the total # of WBC per L of blood and ex…
newborn, pregnancy, or inflammatory response due to # of stim…
combination of any of the followin:... -neutrophilia... -lymphocyto…
neutrophils (-50%) stuck to the endothlium of blood vessels s…
what is leukocytosis?
it is an increase in the total # of WBC per L of blood and ex…
what are some physiological causes of…
newborn, pregnancy, or inflammatory response due to # of stim…
58 terms
WBC and Platelets
Common myeloid progenitor
Common lymphoid progenitor
Marginal pool
- Produced and stored in the BM... - myeloid progenitor --> myel…
- Produced in lymphogenous tissues... - lymphoid progenitor -->…
- leukocytes in the blood that are adhered to endothelial cel…
Common myeloid progenitor
- Produced and stored in the BM... - myeloid progenitor --> myel…
Common lymphoid progenitor
- Produced in lymphogenous tissues... - lymphoid progenitor -->…
35 terms
1: Benign WBC Abnormalities
Factors affecting ANC (name 4).
Neutrophilia ANC
Physiologic causes of neutrophilia (na…
Pathologic causes of neutrophilia (nam…
Rate of production and release... Neutrophil lifespan (1-2 days)…
>7000/ul
Stress... Excercise... Pregnancy
Inflammation... Infection... Necrosis/Tissue damage... Corticosteroi…
Factors affecting ANC (name 4).
Rate of production and release... Neutrophil lifespan (1-2 days)…
Neutrophilia ANC
>7000/ul
9 terms
LAB QUIZ 4: WBC/Blood Typing/Blood Pressure
Which WBC is depicted?
Which WBC is depicted?
Which WBC is depicted?
Which WBC is depicted?
Monocytes
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
Basophils
Which WBC is depicted?
Monocytes
Which WBC is depicted?
Neutrophils
Physiology test 3 - chapter 15
lymphatic system composed of
functions of lymphatic system
organs of the lymphatic system
lymph
lymphoid organs/cells and lymphatic vessels
fluid bal, fat absorption, and defense
thymus, spleen, lymph node
the fluid taht is returned to the lymphatic capillaries after…
lymphatic system composed of
lymphoid organs/cells and lymphatic vessels
functions of lymphatic system
fluid bal, fat absorption, and defense
17 terms
Physio Tissues
Areolar Connective
Adipose Connective
Fibrous Connective
Hyaline Cartilage
mast cell ... fibroblast ... collagen ... elastin ... loose connective ti…
fat cells ... padding of organs ... storage of energy ... insulation…
tendons: muscle to bone ... ligaments: bone to bone
protection ends of bones ... touugh, firm, flexible
Areolar Connective
mast cell ... fibroblast ... collagen ... elastin ... loose connective ti…
Adipose Connective
fat cells ... padding of organs ... storage of energy ... insulation…
137 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2: Exam 2
blood
blood volume
blood cells, plasma
red blood cells, white blood cells, pl…
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
Blood Composition (Formed Elements)
blood cells... ~45% (Hct) "Hematocrit"
blood
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
blood volume
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
113 terms
Physiology 212 - Blood
functions
blood weight compared to the body
where is the blood?
blood is thicker than water
transport... defence... hemostasis
approximately 7-8% of body weight
present inside blood vessels but many components function in…
more viscous
functions
transport... defence... hemostasis
blood weight compared to the body
approximately 7-8% of body weight
289 terms
WBC and WBC responses
Should absolute numbers or relative pe…
most numerous leukocyte in carnovores
In horses, are neutrophils or lymphocy…
most numerous leukocyte in rumnants
Absolute numbers
neutrophils
neutrophils and lymphocytes number equally
lymphocyte
Should absolute numbers or relative pe…
Absolute numbers
most numerous leukocyte in carnovores
neutrophils
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