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Study sets matching "welfare effects"

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Study sets matching "welfare effects"

Welfare Effects
what is the primary target organ by ai…
what are air pollutants that affect pl…
_______ plants that produce seeds in e…
what are the two subgroups of angiospe…
leaves
phytotoxins
angiosperms
dicots, monocots
what is the primary target organ by ai…
leaves
what are air pollutants that affect pl…
phytotoxins
45 terms
Welfare Effects
What doesn't welfare effect hurt?
Define leaves:
What are phytotoxic air pollutants?
What do white spots on leaves surface…
humans
surface area and where photosynthesis takes place
most air pollutants adversely affect plants as well as humans
SO2 or Acid Deposition
What doesn't welfare effect hurt?
humans
Define leaves:
surface area and where photosynthesis takes place
34 terms
Air Quality Welfare Effects
Leaves
Foliar
Phytotoxic Air pollutants
Angiosperm
Primary target organ affected by air pollutants.
Most visible A.P. injury
Air pollutants that affects plants and humans.
Plants that produce seeds in enclosed reproductive structures.
Leaves
Primary target organ affected by air pollutants.
Foliar
Most visible A.P. injury
27 terms
Air Welfare Effects quiz
Plant Structure
Air pollutants
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
4 organs: roots, stems, leaves, reproductive structures. ... Eac…
Most air pollutants adversely affect plants as well as humans…
- plants that produce seeds in enclosed reproductive structur…
Gymnosperms - produce naked seeds in cones - we also refer to…
Plant Structure
4 organs: roots, stems, leaves, reproductive structures. ... Eac…
Air pollutants
Most air pollutants adversely affect plants as well as humans…
6 terms
Effectiveness of welfare reforms
Education (provision of meals) Act 1906
Children's Act (Children's charter) 1908
Old age pensions act 1908
National Insurance Act pt1 1911
gave voluntary rights to local authorities to provide school…
legal offence for parents to neglect... designed to protect from…
over 70 given between 1 shilling and 5 shillings each week de…
workers aged between 16+60 earning less than £160 per year a…
Education (provision of meals) Act 1906
gave voluntary rights to local authorities to provide school…
Children's Act (Children's charter) 1908
legal offence for parents to neglect... designed to protect from…
12 terms
Trade Theory and Policy - Slides 7 - Instruments of Trade Policies and their Welfare Effects
Free trade policy:
Protectionism policy:
Arguments in favour of protectionism:
Export Promotion Instruments
Following free trade doctrines and liberalising trade relatio…
Imposing restrictions to international trade ... --> Protecting…
- Protecting industries from foreign competition ... - Protectin…
1. Subsidies ... 2. Dumping
Free trade policy:
Following free trade doctrines and liberalising trade relatio…
Protectionism policy:
Imposing restrictions to international trade ... --> Protecting…
8 terms
How effective were liberal welfare reforms in improving the lives of the working class in Britain?
Overall
Overall workers
Workers positive
Workers... Negatives
Only a minuscule step in improving the lives of the poor. Esp…
Overall, increased rights in law and security. Established a…
Labour Exchanges-1909... Beveridge, an economist at the time obs…
However still insufficient for amount of unemployed. By 1914,…
Overall
Only a minuscule step in improving the lives of the poor. Esp…
Overall workers
Overall, increased rights in law and security. Established a…
68 terms
Animal Welfare Terms
Suffering
Animal welfare
Sentience
Cognition
An unpleasant state of mind that disrupts the quality of life
The physical and psychological state of an animal with regard…
The ability to be aware of the surroundings
Mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understan…
Suffering
An unpleasant state of mind that disrupts the quality of life
Animal welfare
The physical and psychological state of an animal with regard…
16 terms
Animal Welfare Terms III
5 freedoms
Measuring what animals prefer
Animal welfare
Measuring welfare
Freedom from hunger and thirst- ready access to water/food... Fr…
Observations... Preference tests... Strength of preferences- eg how…
A state of an animal with regards to its attempts to cope wit…
Need validated indicators of welfare... - immunology, physiology…
5 freedoms
Freedom from hunger and thirst- ready access to water/food... Fr…
Measuring what animals prefer
Observations... Preference tests... Strength of preferences- eg how…
63 terms
social welfare
Tax Expenditure
Welfare
Social Welfare Programs
Public assistance programs
Way to Spend money, you owe gov but forgiven. Spending by not…
Cash assistance to the poor
Social Security, TANF, SNAP. Collection of services to help p…
TANF, AFDC
Tax Expenditure
Way to Spend money, you owe gov but forgiven. Spending by not…
Welfare
Cash assistance to the poor
25 terms
Animal Welfare Terms VIII
animal well-being
characteristics of animal well-being
speciesism
animal welfare
caring for an animal so that its needs are met and it does no…
provide proper food and water, protection from harsh environm…
belief that any use of animals by humans reflect a bias or th…
the belief that animals should be treated in a humane manner;…
animal well-being
caring for an animal so that its needs are met and it does no…
characteristics of animal well-being
provide proper food and water, protection from harsh environm…
17 terms
Animal Welfare Terms VI
USDA
IACUC
AALAS
AAALAC
inspect facilities and enforce regulations
review and approve procedures , committee must include a vete…
ensures high quality of animal care by certifying animal care…
use independent peer review accreditation process to award ac…
USDA
inspect facilities and enforce regulations
IACUC
review and approve procedures , committee must include a vete…
34 terms
Child Welfare Midterm
Adoption and Safe families Act/ ASFA
Responsibilities of families
Procreation
Socialization
"the bible" of child welfare; promoted adoption and other per…
1. Procreation... 2. Socialization... 3. Enculturation... 4. Protectio…
the biology of the family
helping a child to learn to relate to other members of societ…
Adoption and Safe families Act/ ASFA
"the bible" of child welfare; promoted adoption and other per…
Responsibilities of families
1. Procreation... 2. Socialization... 3. Enculturation... 4. Protectio…
15 terms
Welfare Assessment
What is the animal welfare debate?
How do the five freedoms overlap each…
What are the issues with death?
What is the importance of each of the…
• Philosophers have been debating concepts of rights and welf…
If an animal is hungry, he/she will seek food and eat it - th…
• Freedom from death cannot be provided... - We kill most of th…
Hunger and thirst; and pain, injury and disease is main prior…
What is the animal welfare debate?
• Philosophers have been debating concepts of rights and welf…
How do the five freedoms overlap each…
If an animal is hungry, he/she will seek food and eat it - th…
10 terms
Welfare Policies
Rawls' expectation about people's welf…
Oppenheimer's finding about people's w…
Prediction of Meltzer-Richard Model
Franzese's empirical finding based on…
they will choose to maximize the welfare of the worst off mem…
People prefer a system with "just deserts", but... also with a "…
The greater is income inequality,... the higher is the support f…
The link between inequality... and fiscal policy is strongest wh…
Rawls' expectation about people's welf…
they will choose to maximize the welfare of the worst off mem…
Oppenheimer's finding about people's w…
People prefer a system with "just deserts", but... also with a "…
14 terms
Welfare legislation
Animal Welfare Act
Wildlife and Countryside Act
The Hunting Act
Breeding and Sale of Dogs (Welfare) Act
2006
1981
2004
1999
Animal Welfare Act
2006
Wildlife and Countryside Act
1981
109 terms
FOMB/ 4/5 U 10 Social Welfare
friction
shortage of money
Catch 22
poverty line
Streitereien
Geldknappheit
Teufelskreis/ Zwickmühle
Armutsgrenze
friction
Streitereien
shortage of money
Geldknappheit
49 terms
Social Welfare Ch. 3 & 4
The poverty thresholds are an _______…
Which of the following is not counted…
In absolute figures, ______ whites are…
The highest poverty rates occur in fam…
Absolute
Noncash or in-kind benefits
More
Single women
The poverty thresholds are an _______…
Absolute
Which of the following is not counted…
Noncash or in-kind benefits
Animal Welfare
keep in captivity
breed in safety
release into natural habitats
confine animals in zoos
держать в неволе
размножаться в безопасности
выпускать в естественную среду
удерживать животных в зоопарках
keep in captivity
держать в неволе
breed in safety
размножаться в безопасности
15 terms
STAFF WELFARE
Staff Welfare
Well-being
Health
Work environment
A wide range of facilities that are essential for the well-be…
A positive state that includes striving for optimal health an…
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
The physical condtions and the psychological atmosphere in wh…
Staff Welfare
A wide range of facilities that are essential for the well-be…
Well-being
A positive state that includes striving for optimal health an…
51 terms
Social Welfare Ch. 3 & 4
The poverty thresholds are an _______…
Which of the following is not counted…
In absolute figures, ______ whites are…
The highest poverty rates occur in fam…
Absolute
Noncash or in-kind benefits
More
Single women
The poverty thresholds are an _______…
Absolute
Which of the following is not counted…
Noncash or in-kind benefits
16 terms
Animal Welfare
5 freedoms
Measuring what animals prefer
Animal welfare
Measuring welfare
Freedom from hunger and thirst- ready access to water/food... Fr…
Observations... Preference tests... Strength of preferences- eg how…
A state of an animal with regards to its attempts to cope wit…
Need validated indicators of welfare... - immunology, physiology…
5 freedoms
Freedom from hunger and thirst- ready access to water/food... Fr…
Measuring what animals prefer
Observations... Preference tests... Strength of preferences- eg how…
106 terms
Unit 10: Social welfare
debt
secure
to trouble sb
to go without food
Schuld(en)
sicher, fest
jdm Sorgen machen, jdn beunruhigen
fasten (müssen), keine Nahrung zu sich nehmen
debt
Schuld(en)
secure
sicher, fest
29 terms
Social Welfare Policy Test 1
Flexner, Abraham
Richmond, Mary
Lee, Porter R
Samuel Lindsey and George Mangold
Measured professions by the idea that they... *Derive material f…
Retail and wholesale... "The healthy and well rounded reform mo…
Cause (working to effect social change) and function (treatme…
All or nothing
Flexner, Abraham
Measured professions by the idea that they... *Derive material f…
Richmond, Mary
Retail and wholesale... "The healthy and well rounded reform mo…
39 terms
Welfare Quiz 10/30
Animal Experience flow chart
Animal behavior is _____
Etiology is the ______
Ethogram is a _____
Sensory input -> brain evaluates stimuli, generates emotions…
Easy to observe... Non-invasive... Provides info/baseline
Study of animal behavior in natural conditions... - how they rea…
Detailed list of species-specific behaviors... - describes eleme…
Animal Experience flow chart
Sensory input -> brain evaluates stimuli, generates emotions…
Animal behavior is _____
Easy to observe... Non-invasive... Provides info/baseline
79 terms
Social welfare - Unit 10 FoMB 4/5
a shortage of sth
to have a positive / negative effect o…
to affect sb positively /negatively
to be inadequate
eine Knappheit an etw
eine positive /negative Auswirkung auf jem/etw haben
jem positiv /negativ beeinflussen
unpassend sein
a shortage of sth
eine Knappheit an etw
to have a positive / negative effect o…
eine positive /negative Auswirkung auf jem/etw haben
31 terms
Social Work and Social Welfare Kirst-Ashman ch 3
Discrimination
Oppression
Marginalization
Alienation
the act of treating people differently based on the fact that…
putting extreme limitations and constraints on some person, g…
having less power and being viewed as less important than oth…
the feeling that you don't fit in or aren't treated as well a…
Discrimination
the act of treating people differently based on the fact that…
Oppression
putting extreme limitations and constraints on some person, g…
34 terms
Welfare
Homeostasis
Allostasis
Stress
Autonomic Nervous System
Regulating the body's substances & characteristics at an opti…
Achieving stability, or homeostasis, through physiological or…
Being challenged beyond one's behavioral & physiological capa…
-Division of the peripheral nervous system... -Automatic control…
Homeostasis
Regulating the body's substances & characteristics at an opti…
Allostasis
Achieving stability, or homeostasis, through physiological or…
28 terms
Social Welfare Chapter 6
The persistance of poverty
Measuring poverty
Low Income Cut-Offs (LICOs)
Other Low Income Cut-Off Measures
- UNDP defines human poverty as "denial of choices and opport…
- Absolute poverty measure an essential basket of goods and s…
-Canada is one of only a few countries without a poverty line…
Market Basket measure (MBM)... - Absolute measure based on the…
The persistance of poverty
- UNDP defines human poverty as "denial of choices and opport…
Measuring poverty
- Absolute poverty measure an essential basket of goods and s…
18 terms
Pig welfare
Social structure under natural conditi…
Pig farming
Mutilations
Tail docking
Maternal groups- mother and offspring- litter size of 6... Sows…
Sow services 2/3 times.... Farrow after 115 days-->piglet born... 3…
In legistlation, defined as 'a prohibited procedure which inv…
Half of tail removed in first few days of life- banned as rou…
Social structure under natural conditi…
Maternal groups- mother and offspring- litter size of 6... Sows…
Pig farming
Sow services 2/3 times.... Farrow after 115 days-->piglet born... 3…
164 terms
Welfare
What are the 5 freedoms?
What is the simple definition of welfa…
What are the stages of responses to qu…
What are some animal welfare issues?
Freedom from thirst, hunger and malnutrition... Freedom from dis…
The welfare of an animal is its state as regards its attempts…
Stages of responses to questioning of welfare in industry ... •…
• Confinement ... • Surgical husbandry practices ... • Long distanc…
What are the 5 freedoms?
Freedom from thirst, hunger and malnutrition... Freedom from dis…
What is the simple definition of welfa…
The welfare of an animal is its state as regards its attempts…
26 terms
Animal Welfare
Why worry about animal welfare?
Define Animal Welfare
5 Domains of Freedom
Mental State - Suffering
1. It is the right thing to do... 2. We care about animals... 3. Ou…
A good state of welfare exists when the nutritional, environm…
1. Nutrition... 2. Health... 3. Environment... 4. Behavioural... 5. Menta…
Suffering occurs in any situations that induce states of anxi…
Why worry about animal welfare?
1. It is the right thing to do... 2. We care about animals... 3. Ou…
Define Animal Welfare
A good state of welfare exists when the nutritional, environm…
87 terms
CHILD WELFARE CHAPTER 5
PARENS PATRIAE (FATHER OF THE COUNTRY)
IN LOCO PARENTIS
CUSTODY
GUARDIANSHIP
--State is required to assume parental authority and provide…
--A person having authority to engage in certain parental act…
--Physical/legal placement with a parent
--Physical/legal placement with someone other than a parent.
PARENS PATRIAE (FATHER OF THE COUNTRY)
--State is required to assume parental authority and provide…
IN LOCO PARENTIS
--A person having authority to engage in certain parental act…
68 terms
Animal Welfare
Suffering
Animal welfare
Sentience
Cognition
An unpleasant state of mind that disrupts the quality of life
The physical and psychological state of an animal with regard…
The ability to be aware of the surroundings
Mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understan…
Suffering
An unpleasant state of mind that disrupts the quality of life
Animal welfare
The physical and psychological state of an animal with regard…
310 terms
some more welfare and some definitions
Define ethology
List 7 welfare indicators that can be…
Define sentience
Analysis of the degree of ______ of li…
Observation and detailed description of behavior with the obj…
Level of disease incidence; degree of immunosuppression; seve…
One that has some ability to evaluate the actions of others i…
complexity
Define ethology
Observation and detailed description of behavior with the obj…
List 7 welfare indicators that can be…
Level of disease incidence; degree of immunosuppression; seve…
18 terms
AnSci Welfare Quiz 11/13
The 5 Freedoms are freedom from ______
Objections to the 5 Freedoms
Most farming systems restrict _______…
(RBM's) Resource-based measurements me…
- Hunger and thirst... - Discomfort... - Pain/injury/disease... - To e…
- Often conflict... - Concern ethics more than science... - Unreali…
Normal behavior... Hunger & Thirst
Environment and resources... "Welfare inputs"... - manager, environ…
The 5 Freedoms are freedom from ______
- Hunger and thirst... - Discomfort... - Pain/injury/disease... - To e…
Objections to the 5 Freedoms
- Often conflict... - Concern ethics more than science... - Unreali…
36 terms
Welfare Economics - Bittman
Welfare Economics
Equilibrium Price
Willingness To Pay
Consumer Surplus
the study of how the allocation of resources affects economic…
maximizes the total welfare of producers and consumers
The maximum amount that a buyer will pay for a good... -If WTP=p…
Willingness to pay - price... On graph: below demand and above p…
Welfare Economics
the study of how the allocation of resources affects economic…
Equilibrium Price
maximizes the total welfare of producers and consumers
Dairy Cow Welfare
maynard 2013
european food safety association 2009
reproductive problems
EFSA 2009 solutions to reproductive fa…
animal welfare was the second most important factor after hea…
effects of farming systems on dairy cow welfare and disease…
"ability to cope with environment" broom and webster definiti…
extended calving intervals of - more than 15 months improves…
maynard 2013
animal welfare was the second most important factor after hea…
european food safety association 2009
effects of farming systems on dairy cow welfare and disease…
178 terms
Welfare
Lamb losses from conception to birth
Toxoplasma ... Stages of Pregnancy
Abortion vaccine regimes
Pregnancy rate affected by
EED -due to toxoplasma and stress... Abortions -Campylobacter, t…
Non-pregnant - immunity developed... Early pregnancy - EED... Mid P…
Toxoplasma- live vaccine... -one dose (life long protection to…
Ram soundness... Season/time of mating... Age... Stress-shearing... Nutri…
Lamb losses from conception to birth
EED -due to toxoplasma and stress... Abortions -Campylobacter, t…
Toxoplasma ... Stages of Pregnancy
Non-pregnant - immunity developed... Early pregnancy - EED... Mid P…
45 terms
Micro 3 - Applied welfare
Typical quasilinear consumer preferences
Compensating variation
Equivalent variation
Assumption of income elasticity of goods
Utility = U(C1,...CN) + C0 (Good 0 is numeraire with p = 1)
...
...
1-N=0, compensating and equivalent variation are the same.
Typical quasilinear consumer preferences
Utility = U(C1,...CN) + C0 (Good 0 is numeraire with p = 1)
Compensating variation
...
27 terms
welfare class
ideology of social welfare
elizabeth poor laws
able body
worthy poor
the way people views changed on social welfare overtime
english government established laws in 1601 that classified t…
nonderserving poor who were lazy alcoholics that had to work…
deserving poor- orphan children, elderly, people with bad phy…
ideology of social welfare
the way people views changed on social welfare overtime
elizabeth poor laws
english government established laws in 1601 that classified t…
45 terms
Child Welfare Midterm
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
Enforced parental rights
Limited parental rights
Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act o…
supreme court ruling that upheld the free speech rights of st…
o Full right to choose to send child to public or private sch…
Courts allowed states greater authority than parents in the r…
•Provides federal funding to states for the prevention, asses…
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
supreme court ruling that upheld the free speech rights of st…
Enforced parental rights
o Full right to choose to send child to public or private sch…
29 terms
social welfare- Chapter 7
employment
unemployment
labour force
labour force participation rate
any legal activity carried out for pay or for profit, it also…
made up of people in the labour force who do not have paid em…
the number of people in the country 15 years of age or over w…
the percentage of the working age population included in the…
employment
any legal activity carried out for pay or for profit, it also…
unemployment
made up of people in the labour force who do not have paid em…
24 terms
welfare
first recorded use of live animals don…
first scientist of note to do animal r…
first to describe pulmonary, capillary…
founder of the study of human anatomy
erasistratus
galen 2200 ya
ibn al-nafis, 1213-1288
vesalius 1514-1564
first recorded use of live animals don…
erasistratus
first scientist of note to do animal r…
galen 2200 ya
8 terms
Welfare
Five freedoms?
Glucocorticoids ... (Cortisol, corticost…
Catecholamines:... (Adrenaline, noradren…
Habituate- what is it, give example.
Freedom from hunger and thirst.... Freedom from discomfort.... Free…
Concentration in plasma increases rapidly in response to stre…
Extremely rapid release and decay... e.g. response within 30s la…
When a stressor has less and less of an effect on an animal o…
Five freedoms?
Freedom from hunger and thirst.... Freedom from discomfort.... Free…
Glucocorticoids ... (Cortisol, corticost…
Concentration in plasma increases rapidly in response to stre…
6 terms
Welfare Reforms
Working day was limited to 8 hours... He…
National Youth Welfare Act- This requi…
Public Assistance System- This helped…
National Insurance System- This was in…
Welfare reforms in 1919
Welfare reforms in 1922
Welfare reforms in 1924
Welfare reforms in 1927
Working day was limited to 8 hours... He…
Welfare reforms in 1919
National Youth Welfare Act- This requi…
Welfare reforms in 1922
28 terms
Social Welfare Policy
Policy
Dependency
Social welfare
Social Work Speaks
principles, guidelines, and procedures that maximize uniformi…
occurs when an individual is not adequately fulfilling a role…
the institution in society that deals with the problem of dep…
the book in which the NASW prints its policy statements on so…
Policy
principles, guidelines, and procedures that maximize uniformi…
Dependency
occurs when an individual is not adequately fulfilling a role…
50 terms
Child Welfare final exam
long term effects of child maltreatment
who is a mandatory reporter?
penalty for not reporting
principles underlying child welfare pr…
learning disorders or speech deficits... dropping out of school…
hospital employees... sanitarium employees... social workers... child…
guilty of a misdemeanor... punished by a sentence of not more th…
-child safety is paramount... -services are child focused and fa…
long term effects of child maltreatment
learning disorders or speech deficits... dropping out of school…
who is a mandatory reporter?
hospital employees... sanitarium employees... social workers... child…
79 terms
Child Welfare Test 2
Impact of Violence on Children
Excessive Exposure to Television Viole…
Three Characteristics of Juvenile viol…
Definition of Gangs
-increased violence in society increases awareness of violenc…
-desensitizes children to violence... -increased indifference fe…
-lack of respect... -inability to understand, empathize... -impatie…
-social group that uses symbols... -engages in verbal and nonver…
Impact of Violence on Children
-increased violence in society increases awareness of violenc…
Excessive Exposure to Television Viole…
-desensitizes children to violence... -increased indifference fe…
16 terms
Welfare, ethics, welfare assessement
3 welfare concepts
The Five freedoms
Life sustaining needs
Health sustaining needs
Physical... mental... naturalness
Freedom from Hunger and Thirst... Freedom from Discomfort... Freedo…
Must be met in order to survive
Include avoidance of disease and injury
3 welfare concepts
Physical... mental... naturalness
The Five freedoms
Freedom from Hunger and Thirst... Freedom from Discomfort... Freedo…
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