Study sets matching "western civilizations"

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Study sets matching "western civilizations"

14 terms
Western Civilizations - Judaism
Religion
Monotheism
Polytheism
Abraham
An organized system of beliefs and practices used to worship…
Belief in only one god
Belief in many gods
Abraham made an agreement with God: If he worships only God,…
Religion
An organized system of beliefs and practices used to worship…
Monotheism
Belief in only one god
11 terms
Western Civilizations - Greek Philosophers
sophists
Thales of Miletus
Skepticism
Socrates
- "Workers of wisdom"... - teachers
- Earliest known philosopher... - believed the universe was cont…
- Root of Greek philosophy... - Constant questioning... - Support a…
- Encouraged students to think... - Popular with youth... - Annoyin…
sophists
- "Workers of wisdom"... - teachers
Thales of Miletus
- Earliest known philosopher... - believed the universe was cont…
14 terms
Western Civilizations - Political Economy
Political economy
Monarchy
Absolutism
Tyranny
How economics, law, and politics affect each other
Ruled by a king or queen who comes from a family of kings and…
One person rules and he/she has complete power
One person who rules using force, fear, or limiting personal…
Political economy
How economics, law, and politics affect each other
Monarchy
Ruled by a king or queen who comes from a family of kings and…
12 terms
Western Civilizations - Christianity
Bible (New Testament)
Roman Empire during time of Emperor Au…
Roman Empire during the time of Nero-p…
Roman Empire during the time of Consta…
Very important Christian text.
Killed Jesus... Hoped to stop Jesus's followers from spreading h…
Blamed Christians for things that go wrong -- starting with t…
Converted to Christianity... Christianity is now an accepted rel…
Bible (New Testament)
Very important Christian text.
Roman Empire during time of Emperor Au…
Killed Jesus... Hoped to stop Jesus's followers from spreading h…
9 terms
Western Civilization
Michelangelo
Leonardo da Vinci
Gutenberg
Humanism
Artist of the Ceiling of Sistine Chapel, Statue of David, and…
Artist of the Mona Lisa and Last Supper.... An inventor and "Ren…
Invented the moveable type printing press
Philosphy that focuses on human potential
Michelangelo
Artist of the Ceiling of Sistine Chapel, Statue of David, and…
Leonardo da Vinci
Artist of the Mona Lisa and Last Supper.... An inventor and "Ren…
40 terms
Western Civilizations
The skull of Toumaï dates from 6 to 7…
Of the two earliest human forms that a…
Homo habilis was the first early homin…
One of the first tools created by homi…
ape-hominin split
Orrorin tugensis
meat
scraper
The skull of Toumaï dates from 6 to 7…
ape-hominin split
Of the two earliest human forms that a…
Orrorin tugensis
75 terms
Western Civilization
Donatello
Michelangelo
Leonardo da Vinci
Raphael
Bronze statue of David
Ceiling of Sistine Chapel... Statue of David... Dome of St. Peter's…
Mona Lisa... Last Supper... Inventor... Renaissance Man
School of Athens
Donatello
Bronze statue of David
Michelangelo
Ceiling of Sistine Chapel... Statue of David... Dome of St. Peter's…
26 terms
Western Civilizations
Magellan
Ponce de Leon
Aztecs
Hudson + Drake
named the pacific ocean, died in a battle in the Philippene I…
first European explorer to set foot on North America
ancient empire, lived in what is now known as Mexico
both of these men sailed for England
Magellan
named the pacific ocean, died in a battle in the Philippene I…
Ponce de Leon
first European explorer to set foot on North America
western civilizations
Compare the systems of government that…
Why was the French revolution such a k…
Why was the emergence of the scientifi…
jean colbear
Absolutism Louis the XVI the sun king Colbear mercantilism vs…
1) marks the end of the acien regime ... 2) starts relationship…
Reason ... Francis Bacon came up with the scientific method to u…
mercantilism
Compare the systems of government that…
Absolutism Louis the XVI the sun king Colbear mercantilism vs…
Why was the French revolution such a k…
1) marks the end of the acien regime ... 2) starts relationship…
9 terms
Western Civilizations - Reason
Reason
Faith
Some things can be based on both faith…
Philosophy
explaining something based on: ... - observation... - logic... - being…
- having confidence or trust in a higher power... - Not based on…
Having a boy baby... - Science says this happens due to the embr…
- The study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and m…
Reason
explaining something based on: ... - observation... - logic... - being…
Faith
- having confidence or trust in a higher power... - Not based on…
18 terms
Western Civilizations - Islam
Allah
Qur'an
Jerusalem
Palestine
The name of god in Islam.
Very important Muslim text.
Capital of Canaan and now Israel
Arab (Muslim) nation fighting Israel for land and Jerusalem.
Allah
The name of god in Islam.
Qur'an
Very important Muslim text.
29 terms
Western Civilizations: Chapter 25
Leon Trotsky
Bolsheviks in power
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Joseph Stalin
Leon Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet…
- democracy failed- never had a chance, gave away to anarchy…
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics abbreviated to USSR o…
(1879-1953) The Bolshevik leader who succeeded Lenin as the l…
Leon Trotsky
Leon Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet…
Bolsheviks in power
- democracy failed- never had a chance, gave away to anarchy…
51 terms
Western Civilizations
circumnavigate
Henry the navigator
astrolabe
tariff
To ... to sail around the world
(1394-1460) Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navig…
device used to determine latitude by observing positions of t…
A government tax on imports or exports
circumnavigate
To ... to sail around the world
Henry the navigator
(1394-1460) Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navig…
18 terms
Western Civilizations
Greek governments
Greek Philosopy
Greek Architecture & art
Greek achievements
Athens - direct democracy... Sparta - Oligarchy... Mycenae - monarchy
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle taught people to think for themsel…
columns, temples - Parthenon , ideal proportions
emphasis on education... sea trade
Greek governments
Athens - direct democracy... Sparta - Oligarchy... Mycenae - monarchy
Greek Philosopy
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle taught people to think for themsel…
Western Civilizations Midterm
herodotus
minoans
mycenaeans
Ur III
the Father of History; traveled through Babylon, Phoenicia, a…
One of the early proto-Greek peoples from 2600 BCE to 1500 BC…
The 'Mycenaeans' invaded the declining Minoan civilisation in…
The Summarian Kings found new empire(2112-2000BCE) after Akka…
herodotus
the Father of History; traveled through Babylon, Phoenicia, a…
minoans
One of the early proto-Greek peoples from 2600 BCE to 1500 BC…
13 terms
27.4 Western Civilization
The Big Three
France
Fourteen Points
Self-Determination
Wilson, Clemenceau & George
Regained Alsace-Lorraine
Wilson's Peace Plan
Allowing people to decide for themselves under what governmen…
The Big Three
Wilson, Clemenceau & George
France
Regained Alsace-Lorraine
31 terms
Western Civilizations Chapter 1
BCE
CE
city-state
uruk
before common era or bc
common era or ad
city that governs itself
the first mesopotamian city state around 4300 BCE
BCE
before common era or bc
CE
common era or ad
26 terms
Western Civilizations Chapter 1
Prehistory
Archaeology
Anthropology
C-14
The time before writing was developed
The study of past societies through analysis of what people l…
The study of human life and culture
Radioactive carbon
Prehistory
The time before writing was developed
Archaeology
The study of past societies through analysis of what people l…
40 terms
Western Civilization
Pantheism
Naturalism
Post Modernism
Christianity
God is everything and in everything. He is not a person and c…
Only things that can be verified and understood by human reas…
There is no objective truth. Truth is what each person wants…
Declares that the Bible is the revealed Word of God of the on…
Pantheism
God is everything and in everything. He is not a person and c…
Naturalism
Only things that can be verified and understood by human reas…
Western Civilization
Industrial Revolution
crop rotation
factors of production
entrepreneur
beginning in England during the 18th century. Changed from ma…
the system of growing a different crop in a field of each yea…
the resources including land labor, and capital that are need…
a person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a…
Industrial Revolution
beginning in England during the 18th century. Changed from ma…
crop rotation
the system of growing a different crop in a field of each yea…
56 terms
Western Civilizations Clep Prep. Chapter 2
The first international peace treaty w…
Hammurabi's Babylonian Empire ended ar…
Ishtar Gate
The rulers of this empire were known f…
Hittites and Egyptians
Hittites and Kassites
Neo-Babylonians
Assyrians
The first international peace treaty w…
Hittites and Egyptians
Hammurabi's Babylonian Empire ended ar…
Hittites and Kassites
120 terms
Final Exam Western Civilizations
Cardinal Richelieu/ nobles/ Hugenots
long parliament/ Charles I/ rebellion…
Parliament/ Stuart Kings/ absolute power
Cromwell/ Roundheads/ New model army
appointed cheif minister of Louis XII was against the hugenot…
1640 Charles I needs funds to fight the Scottish rebellion so…
Stuart kings (James I) challenged parliament and wanted absol…
Oliver Cromwell the leader of the Round heads wanted a parlia…
Cardinal Richelieu/ nobles/ Hugenots
appointed cheif minister of Louis XII was against the hugenot…
long parliament/ Charles I/ rebellion…
1640 Charles I needs funds to fight the Scottish rebellion so…
Western Civilization
direct representative
Aristotle
pantheon
Hippocrates
A system of choosing delegates to a representative assemble i…
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a fa…
all the gods of a people; a group highly respected in a field
Father of medicine during the Golden Age of Greece - 5th Cent…
direct representative
A system of choosing delegates to a representative assemble i…
Aristotle
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a fa…
Western Civilization
The Enlightenment
Scientific Revolution
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
New way of thinking about the natural world ... Scholars began t…
Earth-centered view of the universe... Came from Aristotle (Chri…
Sun centered
The Enlightenment
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
Scientific Revolution
New way of thinking about the natural world ... Scholars began t…
Ancient Western Civilizations
Civilization
Government
Social Structure
Religion
Any type of culture or society of a specific place, time or g…
The form or system of rule by which a state or community is g…
The relationships and roles built by people living in one gro…
A specific set of beliefs and practices agreed upon by a numb…
Civilization
Any type of culture or society of a specific place, time or g…
Government
The form or system of rule by which a state or community is g…
Western Civilization
Paleolithic Age
Neolithic Revolution
theocracy
Sumerian city-states
Period of human history where humans used simple tools.
Shift from hunting animals and gathering plants to the system…
The government ruled by divine authority
1st city-states; located in Mesopotamia, Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Umm…
Paleolithic Age
Period of human history where humans used simple tools.
Neolithic Revolution
Shift from hunting animals and gathering plants to the system…
Western Civilization
How did the Romans deal with conquered…
Battling of Carthage and the mediterra…
Problems in the Republic:
Grachi
- Somewhat, recognized was of subject groups.... - Many did not…
- 1st Punic war, began in Sicily.... - 2nd Punic war, Hannibal a…
- Influx of wealth.... - Influx of slaves.... - Wealthy bought/took…
-Tiberius Gracchus (elected) tried to limit size of estates,…
How did the Romans deal with conquered…
- Somewhat, recognized was of subject groups.... - Many did not…
Battling of Carthage and the mediterra…
- 1st Punic war, began in Sicily.... - 2nd Punic war, Hannibal a…
138 terms
Western Civilization
Venus of Willendorf 15000
France cave paintings 30000
Old Stone Age
New Stone Age
(50,000-7000)
7000-3000 BC
Venus of Willendorf 15000
France cave paintings 30000
38 terms
Western Civilizations: Chapter 26
causes of WWII
Nazi New Order
Kristallnacht (Nov. 9-10, 1938)
Holocaust
- Treaty of Versailles: Hitler pushed this Treaty (new aircra…
designated how countries were going to be treated based on th…
Organized attack by Nazis and their supporters on the Jews of…
The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was a genocide in whi…
causes of WWII
- Treaty of Versailles: Hitler pushed this Treaty (new aircra…
Nazi New Order
designated how countries were going to be treated based on th…
Western Civilization
Seasonal Work for Peasants
Peasant Holidays
Women's role in Housekeeping/Garden Ch…
Aristocrats and War
Each season brought new tasks (season fall most hectic)... Harve…
Christmas... Easter... Pentecost... + numerous others from catholic ch…
- Carry and Bear Children... - Provide children socialization +…
"Men of War" Lords/Vassals - people of wealth, political, eco…
Seasonal Work for Peasants
Each season brought new tasks (season fall most hectic)... Harve…
Peasant Holidays
Christmas... Easter... Pentecost... + numerous others from catholic ch…
Western Civilization
Voltaire
Laissez-faire (letting things take the…
How were music and art affected during…
How did the Scientific Revolution infl…
defended freedom of speech and spoke out against prejudice an…
believe that the economy is better off if the government does…
developed a new elegant and graceful style that reflected new…
Thinkers looked for natural laws in politics and economics
Voltaire
defended freedom of speech and spoke out against prejudice an…
Laissez-faire (letting things take the…
believe that the economy is better off if the government does…
Western Civilization
Hugenots
Richelieu
Diderot and d'Alembert
Rousseau
French Protestants
chief advisor to Louis XIII
Encyclopedia
Author of Emile and Social Contract
Hugenots
French Protestants
Richelieu
chief advisor to Louis XIII
85 terms
Western civilization
King minos
Women (Minoans)
Religion (Minoans)
Greek peninsulas
-Crete: Europe's first commercial empire... -Minotaur... -Minoans... -…
-Enjoyed freedom and dignity... -Unknown elsewhere in ancient Ne…
-Snake goddess... -Main deity
-Aegean Sea... -Mountainous ... -Harbors: Maritime Commerce... -Centra…
King minos
-Crete: Europe's first commercial empire... -Minotaur... -Minoans... -…
Women (Minoans)
-Enjoyed freedom and dignity... -Unknown elsewhere in ancient Ne…
56 terms
Western Civilizations Test #1
Neolithic Revolution begins
Catalhoyuk flourishes
Jericho flourishes
The rise of Uruk in Sumer
11,000 B.C.E.
7500-5700 B.C.E.
6800-3000 B.C.E.
4300-2900 B.C.E.
Neolithic Revolution begins
11,000 B.C.E.
Catalhoyuk flourishes
7500-5700 B.C.E.
Western Civilizations People
Wyclif
Wyclif
John Huss
John Huss
Strong on Predestination, Priesthood of all believers, Stress…
Followers were called Lollards
Pre-Reformer lived in Chec Republic, University professor and…
Followed by Hussits and Tabarites and burned at the Counsel o…
Wyclif
Strong on Predestination, Priesthood of all believers, Stress…
Wyclif
Followers were called Lollards
35 terms
Classical Western Civilizations
Zoroastrianism
Royal Road
alphabet
city-state
Persian religion with a god of light and a god of darness
A system of roads in Persia with fresh horse stations
Phoenician system of writing in which sounds are represented…
a city which has its own form of government and functions as…
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion with a god of light and a god of darness
Royal Road
A system of roads in Persia with fresh horse stations
106 terms
Western Civilizations
Virgil
Phoenicia
Mesopotamia
First Punic War
Romen poet, commissioned by Augustus
Empire, dealings with Israelies, phoenetic alphabet, trading…
Fertile Crescent, Babylon was there
Fight over Sicily against Carthage.
Virgil
Romen poet, commissioned by Augustus
Phoenicia
Empire, dealings with Israelies, phoenetic alphabet, trading…
Western Civilizations
Gobekli Tepe (Turkey)
King Untash Napirisha
Sargon of Akkad: The First Empire-buil…
Hammurabi
Lies between the Natufian and the establishment of the large…
Built Ziggurat 1250 BCE in Iran/Iraq
Becomes the first king to unify the city-states of Mesopotami…
Sixth king of Babylon ( 1792-1750).
Gobekli Tepe (Turkey)
Lies between the Natufian and the establishment of the large…
King Untash Napirisha
Built Ziggurat 1250 BCE in Iran/Iraq
Western Civilizations
farmland
bread;barley and wheat
Alps
Scandinavia
if you live in civilization, you want good
80% of Europe's diet is_____________. They grew ________ & __…
The Europeans wanted to avoid the
far north, cold, mountainous, dense forest, sparse population…
farmland
if you live in civilization, you want good
bread;barley and wheat
80% of Europe's diet is_____________. They grew ________ & __…
Western Civilizations
globalization
european union
environmental issues
genocide
the interconnectedness of the world
european countries who are trying to alligin politically and…
global warming, water shortages, famine,invasive species
systematic and deliberate extermination of a person or person…
globalization
the interconnectedness of the world
european union
european countries who are trying to alligin politically and…
Western Civilizations
Caryatid
Greek Timeline
Greek Contributions
Zeus
Female Statues as Columns
Ancient Aegean ... Dark Age ... Archaic ... Classical ... Hellenistic
Parthenon... Dramas, tragic and comic... Doric Columns ... Democracy…
Jupiter/Jove ... King of gods
Caryatid
Female Statues as Columns
Greek Timeline
Ancient Aegean ... Dark Age ... Archaic ... Classical ... Hellenistic
7 terms
Western civilizations
Latine sales
Silk road
Astronomy
Umayyad
Triangle sale of importance to navigate
Key trade route China and India to Europe
Planetary alignment
Stretched from Spain to India, capital Damascus
Latine sales
Triangle sale of importance to navigate
Silk road
Key trade route China and India to Europe
7 terms
Western Civilizations
Minoans were located on this centrally…
The guy that plays the dad on the Simp…
The empire that was interested in conq…
The cowardly weapon the Persians used…
Crete
Homer
Persian
Bows and arrows
Minoans were located on this centrally…
Crete
The guy that plays the dad on the Simp…
Homer
26 terms
western civilizations
Mesopotamia
Egypt
Athens
Macedonia
Neolithich revolution- home of first civilizations- within fe…
first large scale territorial state- geographically isolated-…
city states- "demes"- strong navy- trade enhance art and arch…
classical greece- empire that ruled greece and near east- mon…
Mesopotamia
Neolithich revolution- home of first civilizations- within fe…
Egypt
first large scale territorial state- geographically isolated-…
7 terms
Western Civilizations
Gustavus Adolphus
phalanx
Cardinal Richelieu
Peace/Treaty of Westphalia
sweden, 30 Years War, take idea of phalanx, line of three men…
a compact or close-knit body of people
France, he wanted to finance Sweden so Sweden can win, countr…
1648, if land was taken then it was given back, region leader…
Gustavus Adolphus
sweden, 30 Years War, take idea of phalanx, line of three men…
phalanx
a compact or close-knit body of people
Western Civilizations
Ma'at
Akhenten
Hammurabi
Cuneiform
the Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, rep…
noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and intr…
expanded the city-state of Babylon along the Euphrates River…
composed of slim triangular or wedge-shaped elements, as the…
Ma'at
the Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, rep…
Akhenten
noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and intr…
Western Civilizations
Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
Religious/Biblical
Figures Stiff and Still
Used Gold
Flat 2-D
Late Middle Ages
Religious/Biblical
Late Middle Ages
Figures Stiff and Still
16 terms
Western Civilizations
Abdicate
Appeasement
Capital
Communism
To give up or step down from power.
Policy of giving into an aggressors demands in order to keep…
Money or wealth used to invest in business or enterprise.
Form of socialism advocated by Karl Marx; according to Marx,…
Abdicate
To give up or step down from power.
Appeasement
Policy of giving into an aggressors demands in order to keep…
Western Civilizations
Four Cradles of Civilization
Four ways Culture Changes
Society
Cause + Effects of Civilization
Middle East-Mesopotamia, India-Indus river, Egypt-Nile river,…
Inventions-advancements in technology... revitalization-to reviv…
a group of people bound together by shared institutions and c…
Agriculture-> to food surplus->to economic growth->which lead…
Four Cradles of Civilization
Middle East-Mesopotamia, India-Indus river, Egypt-Nile river,…
Four ways Culture Changes
Inventions-advancements in technology... revitalization-to reviv…
32 terms
Western Civilizations
Marxism
Communist Manifesto
Queen Victoria
Coverture
the political, economic, and social theories of Karl Marx inc…
(1848) The Communist Manifesto is a political pamphlet that s…
Queen Victoria was queen of the United Kingdom of Great Brita…
A legal doctrine whereby, upon marriage, a woman's legal righ…
Marxism
the political, economic, and social theories of Karl Marx inc…
Communist Manifesto
(1848) The Communist Manifesto is a political pamphlet that s…
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