Study sets matching "wfr"

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Study sets matching "wfr"

47 terms
WFR
The Big 3 most important factors in a…
PAS
BSI
MOI
1.Communication- SOAP notes... 2. Resourceful-be prepared,Mcguyv…
Patient Assessment system
body substance Isolation
mechanism of injury
The Big 3 most important factors in a…
1.Communication- SOAP notes... 2. Resourceful-be prepared,Mcguyv…
PAS
Patient Assessment system
WFR
Asthma - classic warning sign
Asthma - mild - SS
Asthma - mod - SS
Asthma - sev - SS
TIGHT CHEST, WEEZY
tight chest, SOB, cough, weezing, talking in full sentences
+tight chest, +SOB, +cough, mucus, +weezing, difficulty talki…
tripod, POC, accessory muscles, +weezing (ex and in), cyanosi…
Asthma - classic warning sign
TIGHT CHEST, WEEZY
Asthma - mild - SS
tight chest, SOB, cough, weezing, talking in full sentences
wfr
anterior
posterior
superior
inferior
in front of
behind
above
below
anterior
in front of
posterior
behind
WFR
Scene Size-Up and Initial Assessment
SAMPLE
SOAP
ABCDE
...
S - Symptoms... A - Allergies... M - Medication... P - ... L - Last Ins/O…
S - Subjective... O - Objective... A - A... P - Plan
A - Airway... B - Breathing... C - Circulation... D - Decision... E - Exp…
Scene Size-Up and Initial Assessment
...
SAMPLE
S - Symptoms... A - Allergies... M - Medication... P - ... L - Last Ins/O…
36 terms
WFR
Oxygenation
Perfusion
Ischemia
Primary purposes of emergency medical…
To saturate blood with oxygen in the lungs
Is the adequate exchange of oxygen and waste products between…
Inadequate local tissue perfusion
Preserving oxygenation and perfusion
Oxygenation
To saturate blood with oxygen in the lungs
Perfusion
Is the adequate exchange of oxygen and waste products between…
204 terms
WFR
Ischemia leads to
Cells need
Brain cells die in
Heart cells die in
Infarction
Oxygen, sugar, water
4-6 minutes
10 min (cpr window)
Ischemia leads to
Infarction
Cells need
Oxygen, sugar, water
144 terms
WFR
Scene Size Up
ABCDE
SAMPLE
OPQRST
1.) I'm #1... 2.) What happened to you? (MOI)... 3.) None of that o…
Airway... Breathing (expose chest injuries)... Circulation (control…
Symptoms (OPQRST)... Allergies... Medications (Food, Meds, Environm…
Onset... Provokes/Palliates... Quality... Radiates... Severity... Time
Scene Size Up
1.) I'm #1... 2.) What happened to you? (MOI)... 3.) None of that o…
ABCDE
Airway... Breathing (expose chest injuries)... Circulation (control…
29 terms
WFR
When can you reduce a JOINT dislocation?
When can we reduce a SHOULDER dislocat…
When do we use traction?
What are the 5 steps of clearing a spi…
-Access to medical delayed... -Shoulder, patella or digit disloc…
-INDIRECT force... -Shoulder/patella/knee... -Evacuation will be pr…
When there is a lack of distil pulse (or cap refill)
1. Clear mental status... 2. Clear of new symptoms (sore neck/ti…
When can you reduce a JOINT dislocation?
-Access to medical delayed... -Shoulder, patella or digit disloc…
When can we reduce a SHOULDER dislocat…
-INDIRECT force... -Shoulder/patella/knee... -Evacuation will be pr…
WFR
Size up the Scene
Initial Assesment
Life Threats: A
Life Threats: B
1. Survey scene for hazards (I'm number 1)... 2. Determine MOI (…
1. Establish self, level of training, and get consent... 2. Stab…
Airway Management... Look in mouth, clear obstructions
Breathing... Look, feel, listen... Expose chest injuries
Size up the Scene
1. Survey scene for hazards (I'm number 1)... 2. Determine MOI (…
Initial Assesment
1. Establish self, level of training, and get consent... 2. Stab…
ABCDE
Scene Size Up
Hypoglycemia s/s
Hypoglycemia Tx
Airway Breathing Circulation Decision Expose
1. I am number one. ... 2. What happened to you... 3. Don't get any…
change in LOR: weak, disoriented, irritable -> U, seizures... ra…
check blood sugar... give sugar until LOR restored, protect airw…
ABCDE
Airway Breathing Circulation Decision Expose
Scene Size Up
1. I am number one. ... 2. What happened to you... 3. Don't get any…
10 terms
wfr
abrir - to open
apoyar - to support
aprender - to learn
bailar - to dance
ahorrar - to save
ayudar - to help
apretar (ie) - to squeeze
beber - to drink
abrir - to open
ahorrar - to save
apoyar - to support
ayudar - to help
WFR
ABCDE
AVPU
BEAM
BSI
Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Decision about Disability, Ex…
Awake and Oriented, Verbal, Pain, Unresponsive
Body Elevation and Movement
Body Substance Isolation
ABCDE
Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Decision about Disability, Ex…
AVPU
Awake and Oriented, Verbal, Pain, Unresponsive
9 terms
WFR
Calcaneous
Pneumothorax
Hemothorax
Hemopneumothorax
Heel bone
Air enters pleural space via puncture or tear and affects the…
Blood enters the pleural space
Blood and air enters the pleural space
Calcaneous
Heel bone
Pneumothorax
Air enters pleural space via puncture or tear and affects the…
24 terms
WFR
Anoxia
Hypoxia
Hypoperfusion
foreign body abstruction
not enough O2 in environment
not enough O2 in your cells
enough oxygen in blood but not profusing into cells
something clogging pharynx
Anoxia
not enough O2 in environment
Hypoxia
not enough O2 in your cells
WFR
Hypovolemic
Cardiogenic
Vasogenic
Compensatory
Life threat bleed, dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea
Heart failure to pump blood
Spinal injury, anaphylaxis
Anxious, high HR, high RR, PCC, lightheaded
Hypovolemic
Life threat bleed, dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea
Cardiogenic
Heart failure to pump blood
WFR
SAMPLE
OPQRST
LOR - level of responsiveness
Chain of Survival
Signs and Symptoms... Allergies... Medications... Paste pertinent medi…
Onset of pain/discomfort (rapid or gradual)... Provocation or Pa…
Person: A/Ox1 = knows only who they are... Place: A/Ox2 = knows…
Early 911... Early and Effective CPR... Early Defibrillation/AED... Ea…
SAMPLE
Signs and Symptoms... Allergies... Medications... Paste pertinent medi…
OPQRST
Onset of pain/discomfort (rapid or gradual)... Provocation or Pa…
48 terms
WFR
True Wilderness Medicine General
WMI
CPR
Appropriate actions for remote settings
Do not have the advantages of modern medicine
Wilderness Medicine Institute
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
reduce dislocations, clean wounds, clear spinal injury
True Wilderness Medicine General
Do not have the advantages of modern medicine
WMI
Wilderness Medicine Institute
35 terms
WFR
PAS
Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries: Signs…
Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries: Treatm…
Spine and Spinal cord injuries: MOIs
Patient Assessment System: Scene size-up (12345), Life Threat…
-pain, tenderness, or obvious injury along spine... -altered dis…
Protect the spine!... -Control the head manually with hands or h…
1. falls associated with a loss of LOR or a change in mental…
PAS
Patient Assessment System: Scene size-up (12345), Life Threat…
Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries: Signs…
-pain, tenderness, or obvious injury along spine... -altered dis…
125 terms
WFR
Wilderness Def
Primary Assessment Steps
ABCDE
3 Sections of Secondary Assessment
1 hr from definitive medical care
SS, BSI, General Impression (MOI/LOC), ABCDE
A - Approach and Assess . Airway (No? Rescue breathing or CPR…
Vitals, DPE (CSMsx4, CYA!, Open & expose) & AMPLE/OPQRST
Wilderness Def
1 hr from definitive medical care
Primary Assessment Steps
SS, BSI, General Impression (MOI/LOC), ABCDE
191 terms
WFR
Perfusion?
Oxygenation?
3 critical body systems?
Compensation mechanisms?
body delivering oxygenated blood to body tissues (requires ci…
continuous flow of fresh air -> lungs -> blood
circulatory, respiration, nervous
vital signs that will change to help with issues in critical…
Perfusion?
body delivering oxygenated blood to body tissues (requires ci…
Oxygenation?
continuous flow of fresh air -> lungs -> blood
WFR
Oxygenation and perfusion
the three major systems and the major…
Why is important to recognize patterns…
evolutionary onion
oxy: act of delivering oxygen to the red blood cells... per: the…
cardiovascular system------ shock, cannot deliver blood to bo…
vitals such as pulse, body temp, urine output, blood pressure…
the Brain is very sensitive when it is deprived of oxygen and…
Oxygenation and perfusion
oxy: act of delivering oxygen to the red blood cells... per: the…
the three major systems and the major…
cardiovascular system------ shock, cannot deliver blood to bo…
71 terms
WFR
What is the primary function of the re…
What is the primary function of the ci…
Shock
Respiratory Failure
Bring outside air into the alveoli of the lungs where only a…
Perfuse body tissues with oxygenated blood
Inadequate perfusion pressure in the circulatory system resul…
Inadequate oxygenation of the blood by the respiratory system
What is the primary function of the re…
Bring outside air into the alveoli of the lungs where only a…
What is the primary function of the ci…
Perfuse body tissues with oxygenated blood
77 terms
WFR
what dose ICP stand for?
what is perfusion?
what is AVPU?
What is Edema?
Internal Cranial Pressure
movement of oxygenated blood under pressure
Alert, verbal, painful, unresponsive
fluid leakage of the cells over a 24 hour window
what dose ICP stand for?
Internal Cranial Pressure
what is perfusion?
movement of oxygenated blood under pressure
What is there a lot of in the wilderne…
Order of PT Assessment for Trauma PTs?
Order of PT Assessment for Medical PTs?
Five steps for Scene Size up
Time
Scene Size up, Life Threats, Head-Toe, Vitals, Hx, Problems a…
Scene Size up, Life Threats, Hx, Vitals, Head-Toe, Problems a…
1) Im #1 (Safety for me, group, PT)... 2) What happened to you (…
What is there a lot of in the wilderne…
Time
Order of PT Assessment for Trauma PTs?
Scene Size up, Life Threats, Head-Toe, Vitals, Hx, Problems a…
WFR
What are the steps for a scene size up…
Steps for ABC's (second part of PAS)
What do you do after the scene size up?
What is the after ABC's?
1. I'm number 1, 2. What happened (MOI)? 3. Not on me (put on…
Airway, Breathing, Circulation (pulse and check for blood), D…
Ask for consent if the patient is responsive and stabilize th…
Head to Toe
What are the steps for a scene size up…
1. I'm number 1, 2. What happened (MOI)? 3. Not on me (put on…
Steps for ABC's (second part of PAS)
Airway, Breathing, Circulation (pulse and check for blood), D…
98 terms
WFR Final
*Differences between wilderness medica…
4 Types of consent
The 10 Essentials (HEFFIRNNIS)
1. Hydration
1. Distance & Time ... 2. The Environment ... 3. Unique Situations…
1. Verbal/ expressed... 2. Implied (cannot ask, i.e. patient unc…
Minimum list of equipment required to handle most emergencies
Extra water
*Differences between wilderness medica…
1. Distance & Time ... 2. The Environment ... 3. Unique Situations…
4 Types of consent
1. Verbal/ expressed... 2. Implied (cannot ask, i.e. patient unc…
111 terms
WFR Course
What are the three goals of the patien…
What are the five elements of the scen…
What do you do when you first approach…
What are the five elements of the init…
1) Don't become part of the problem. 2) Survey for any immedi…
1) I'm #1! Safety. 2) What happened to you? MOI. 3) Don't get…
before beginning the initial assessment?, Introduce yourself…
Airway: check in mouth and remove foreign object if visible.…
What are the three goals of the patien…
1) Don't become part of the problem. 2) Survey for any immedi…
What are the five elements of the scen…
1) I'm #1! Safety. 2) What happened to you? MOI. 3) Don't get…
58 terms
WFR Review
Types of wounds
General course of action with wounds
How to stop bleeding
Tourniquets - do you ever release?
puncture, abrasion, incision, laceration, avulsion
1. Stop bleeding, 2. Clean wound, 3. Promote healing, 4. redu…
DIRECT PRESSURE w/ dressing, apply pressure bandange if unabl…
NO, apply continualy until patient reaches surgical care UNLE…
Types of wounds
puncture, abrasion, incision, laceration, avulsion
General course of action with wounds
1. Stop bleeding, 2. Clean wound, 3. Promote healing, 4. redu…
WFR Recert
Survey the scene. What are 4 questions…
Initial Survey - List 8 things checked…
What causes shock? List 4 situations (…
Your patient fell 15feet and is found…
Is it safe?... How many patients?... What is the Mode Of Injury?... Wh…
Do I have consent to help?... What is your name and age?... What ha…
burns (amount of fluid)... heart attack (pump)... Anaphylactic shoc…
a) direct pressure... b) elevate the legs... c) lay down with spi…
Survey the scene. What are 4 questions…
Is it safe?... How many patients?... What is the Mode Of Injury?... Wh…
Initial Survey - List 8 things checked…
Do I have consent to help?... What is your name and age?... What ha…
WFR lightning
3 types
lightning Tx
cardiac arrest s/s
types of lightning injuries
splash... direct hit... ground current... contact... blast (air)
scene safety... treat ABCs... monitor vitals... evac
change in LOR... trauma ... burns
cardiopulmonary failure... neurological compromise... burns... eye inj…
3 types
splash... direct hit... ground current... contact... blast (air)
lightning Tx
scene safety... treat ABCs... monitor vitals... evac
10 terms
WFR diabetes
normal glucose/insulin processes
normal blood sugar
hypoglycemic
hyperglycemic
1. eat and digest... 2. + glucose=+ insulin... 3. insulin lets gluc…
80 to 120
40 to 80
120+
normal glucose/insulin processes
1. eat and digest... 2. + glucose=+ insulin... 3. insulin lets gluc…
normal blood sugar
80 to 120
18 terms
WFR1
wǒ - I
nǐ - you
tā - he
tā - she
wǒ - I
nǐ - you
171 terms
WFR Terms
abrasion
abscess
acute hypothermia
Acute stress reaction (ASR)
superficial wound that damages the outermost layer of skin/co…
localized infection isolated by inflammation
patient has become quickly hypothermic (cold water immersion)…
Autonomic nervous system-controlled response to any stress, p…
abrasion
superficial wound that damages the outermost layer of skin/co…
abscess
localized infection isolated by inflammation
6 terms
WFR - Assessment
Elements of the scene size-up
Elements of initial assessment (immedi…
2 key aspects of the head to toe asses…
List of vital signs taken
1. Survey the scene for hazards 2. Determine the mechanism of…
1. Identify self and level of training; obtain consent to tre…
medical alert tags; circulation, sensation, and motion at ext…
1. Level of Responsiveness (LOR) 2. Heart Rate, Rhythm and Qu…
Elements of the scene size-up
1. Survey the scene for hazards 2. Determine the mechanism of…
Elements of initial assessment (immedi…
1. Identify self and level of training; obtain consent to tre…
90 terms
WFR Vocab
perfusion
shock
edema
ischemia
passing through of fluid to oxygenate organs
inadequate systemic perfusion in circulatory system
build up of serum from damaged or inflamed capillaries
inadequate local tissue perfusion as a result of swelling in…
perfusion
passing through of fluid to oxygenate organs
shock
inadequate systemic perfusion in circulatory system
21 terms
WFR Review
Patient Assessment
Scene Size Up
Life Threats / ABCDE
Head to Toe (what to check)
1. Scene Size Up... 2. Life Threats / ABCDE... 3. Head to Toe, Vita…
1. I'm number one (is it safe for me?)... 2. What happened to yo…
A: Airway... B: Breathing... C: Circulation (pulse and blood check)…
Head, face, and neck; shoulders; chest; abdomen; pelvis; geni…
Patient Assessment
1. Scene Size Up... 2. Life Threats / ABCDE... 3. Head to Toe, Vita…
Scene Size Up
1. I'm number one (is it safe for me?)... 2. What happened to yo…
49 terms
WFR Midterm
Wilderness medicine
Differences between wilderness medical…
Wilderness First Responder
Duty to Act
Vital emergency care in remote, natural settings
1. Distance & Time (delayed VS rapid notification & respons…
First person on the scene of some isolated, natural area, wit…
An individual's responsibility to come to the aid of another…
Wilderness medicine
Vital emergency care in remote, natural settings
Differences between wilderness medical…
1. Distance & Time (delayed VS rapid notification & respons…
WFR Midterm
Wilderness
First Responder
Emergency Medicine
Military Medicine
In isolation, dominated by natural systems
First person on the scene (with some level of training)
Austere, military, wilderness
Developed as part of the military, gained in a military setti…
Wilderness
In isolation, dominated by natural systems
First Responder
First person on the scene (with some level of training)
WFR Exam
What is the primary objective during t…
Definition of "wilderness"
Three variables that a WFR has to deal…
Steps of a scene survey
To identify life-threatening injuries and situations
More than one hour away from care
Extended care, lack of medical equipment, weather
Scene safety, BSI, MOI, LOC
What is the primary objective during t…
To identify life-threatening injuries and situations
Definition of "wilderness"
More than one hour away from care
40 terms
WFR TRAINING
Patient Assessment
PPE
MOI
NOI
1. scene size up... 2. Primary Assessment... 3. Secondary Assessmen…
personal protective equipment
mechanism of injury
nature of illness
Patient Assessment
1. scene size up... 2. Primary Assessment... 3. Secondary Assessmen…
PPE
personal protective equipment
8 terms
WFR 2
shuí, who
dǎ, to hit
yě, also, too
qiú, ball
shuí, who
dǎ, to hit
7 terms
WFR 6
很 ____
挺 ____ 的
有一点 ____
不 ____
hěn, very
tǐng ____ de, rather
yǒuyīdiǎn, a little
bù/bú, not
很 ____
hěn, very
挺 ____ 的
tǐng ____ de, rather
21 terms
WFR 7
现在
xiànzài, now
diǎn, o'clock
fēn, (points) minute
bàn, half
现在
xiànzài, now
diǎn, o'clock
18 terms
WFR 5
māo, cat
gǒu, dog
yǘ, fish
niǎo, bird
māo, cat
gǒu, dog
16 terms
WFR 9
天气
怎么样
但是
可能
tiānqì, weather
zěnmeyàng, how
dànshì, but
kěnéng, possibly/might/probably
天气
tiānqì, weather
怎么样
zěnmeyàng, how
WFR Course 2016 - NOLS
Patient Assessment Triangle
Soap Note (Verbal Complete)
Spine and Spinal Cord Injury
Focused Spine Assessment
1. Scene Size Up "consent"... 2. ABCDE ... 3a. Head to Toe... 3b. Vita…
1. My name is _________. My location is ____________.... S. ... I…
S/Sx... - Pain and tenderness along vertebral column... - Altered d…
Criteria... 1. Wilderness... 2. Finished a PAS... 3. MOI for Spine but…
Patient Assessment Triangle
1. Scene Size Up "consent"... 2. ABCDE ... 3a. Head to Toe... 3b. Vita…
Soap Note (Verbal Complete)
1. My name is _________. My location is ____________.... S. ... I…
18 terms
WFR 8
昨天
今天
明天
上星期
zuó tiān, yesterday
jīn tiān, today
míng tiān, tomorrow
shàng xīngqī, last week
昨天
zuó tiān, yesterday
今天
jīn tiān, today
8 terms
WFR2
朋友
shuí - who
péngyou - friend
dǎ - to play
tī - to kick
shuí - who
朋友
péngyou - friend
23 terms
WFR 3
哪里
住在
cóng, from
lái, to come
nǎlǐ, where
zhùzài, to live (at)
cóng, from
lái, to come
20 terms
WFR 4
爸爸
妈妈
jiā, family
zhè, this
bàba, father
māma, mother
jiā, family
zhè, this
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