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Study sets matching "with carbon diversity life"

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Study sets matching "with carbon diversity life"

45 terms
Carbon and Molecular Diversity of Life
organic compound
macromolecules
valence
hydrocarbons
Compounds that contain carbon
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon
macromolecules
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
10 terms
Carbon and Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Functional Group
The Study of Carbon Compounds (Organic Compounds).
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
Organic Chemistry
The Study of Carbon Compounds (Organic Compounds).
Hydrocarbons
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
68 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic compound
macromolecules
hydrocarbons
chemical groups
a compound containing carbon
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
nonpolar organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydr…
hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, sulfhydryl, phosphate, m…
organic compound
a compound containing carbon
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
16 terms
Carbon and Molecular Diversity of Life
methane
ethane
ethene
isomers
molecules with same molecular formula, but different 3-D stru…
methane
ethane
30 terms
Carbon and the molecular diversity of life
Organic Chemistry
Methane
Ethane
Ethene
compounds containing carbon are said to be organic
CH4
C2H6
C2H4
Organic Chemistry
compounds containing carbon are said to be organic
Methane
CH4
15 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Hydroxyl group
Carbonyl group
Aldehyde
Ketone
Oxygen and hydrogen (-OH); Alcohols; polar, can form hydrogen…
Carbon double bonded to oxygen (=CO); keytons/aldehyde, both…
Carbonyl group at the end of a skeleton
Carbonyl group within the skeleton
Hydroxyl group
Oxygen and hydrogen (-OH); Alcohols; polar, can form hydrogen…
Carbonyl group
Carbon double bonded to oxygen (=CO); keytons/aldehyde, both…
45 terms
Carbon and Molecular Diversity of Life
organic compound
macromolecules
valence
hydrocarbons
Compounds that contain carbon
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon
macromolecules
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
15 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Carbons
Inorganic Carbons
Hydrocarbons
Rings
Molecules associated with life; Contain a carbon that is cova…
Carbon compounds that do not contain any hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only C and H atoms
Hydrocarbons form into these shapes for stability of the mole…
Organic Carbons
Molecules associated with life; Contain a carbon that is cova…
Inorganic Carbons
Carbon compounds that do not contain any hydrocarbons
29 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of life
Carbon based life form
tetravalent
more than 10 million known carbon comp…
organic chemistry
all known organisms on earth consist primarily of carbon-base…
has four valence electrons
what are some carbon based compounds?
the study of compounds that contain carbon
Carbon based life form
all known organisms on earth consist primarily of carbon-base…
tetravalent
has four valence electrons
30 terms
Carbon and the molecular diversity of life
Organic Chemistry
Methane
Ethane
Ethene
compounds containing carbon are said to be organic
CH4
C2H6
C2H4
Organic Chemistry
compounds containing carbon are said to be organic
Methane
CH4
33 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
vitalism
hydrocarbons
isomer
A branch of chemistry that studies the carbon compounds.
The belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
Compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
organic chemistry
A branch of chemistry that studies the carbon compounds.
vitalism
The belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
12 terms
carbon and the molecular diversity of life
organic chemistry
methane
ethane
ethene
the study of compounds that contain carbon
CH4
C2H6
C2H4
organic chemistry
the study of compounds that contain carbon
methane
CH4
25 terms
CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
ORGANIC COMPOUND
MACROMOLECULES
VALENCE
HYDROCARBONS
A COMPOUND CONTAINING CARBON
A GIANT MOLECULE FORMED BY THE JOINING OF SMALLER MOLECULES,…
THE NUMBER OF CO(VALENT) BONDS AN ATOM CAN FORM. CO(VALENT) =…
ORGANIC MOLECULES CONSISTING OF ONLY CARBON AND HYDROGEN
ORGANIC COMPOUND
A COMPOUND CONTAINING CARBON
MACROMOLECULES
A GIANT MOLECULE FORMED BY THE JOINING OF SMALLER MOLECULES,…
67 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic compound
macromolecules
hydrocarbons
isomers
a compound containing carbon
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
nonpolar organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydr…
compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
organic compound
a compound containing carbon
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
8 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Asymmetric carbon
Enantiomers
Functional groups
An energy containing compound made of nitrogen component aden…
Carbon atom to which four different atoms or groups are attac…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of eachother.
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
An energy containing compound made of nitrogen component aden…
Asymmetric carbon
Carbon atom to which four different atoms or groups are attac…
17 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbon
isomer
structural isomer
the study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
an organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon at…
one of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
one of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
hydrocarbon
an organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon at…
42 terms
carbon and the molecular diversity of life
Which functional group is not present…
Which chemical group is most likely to…
Which of the following hydrocarbons ha…
organic chemistry is currently define as
sylfhydryl
amino
C2H4
the study of carbon compounds
Which functional group is not present…
sylfhydryl
Which chemical group is most likely to…
amino
8 terms
Carbon and The Molecular Diversity of Life
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
cis-trans isomer
enantiomer
functional group
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
cis-trans isomer
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
8 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
Compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
Isomers that differ In the covalent arrangements of their ato…
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
9 terms
Carbon and Molecular Diversity of Life
Organ Chemisty
Electon Configuration
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Study of Carbon compounds
Determines the kinds and number of bonds an atom will form wi…
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and Hydrogen. The…
Compounds withe the same molecualar formula but different str…
Organ Chemisty
Study of Carbon compounds
Electon Configuration
Determines the kinds and number of bonds an atom will form wi…
22 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Carbon
Carbon Compounds
Organic Chemistry
Electron Configuration
each carbon atom makes 4 bonds
proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, and other molecules that distin…
study of compounds that contain carbon
determines chemical bonding: the kinds and number of bonds an…
Carbon
each carbon atom makes 4 bonds
Carbon Compounds
proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, and other molecules that distin…
27 terms
Carbon and molecular diversity of life
Most living things are made of
Cells
Carbon compounds
Macromolecules (4)
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
70-90% water/ salt
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Most living things are made of
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
Cells
70-90% water/ salt
32 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
carbon
Urey-Miller experiment
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, su…
the study of compounds containing carbon
the molecule that is considered to be the central atom in the…
this experiment introduced abiotic synthesis of organic compo…
the six elements that make up the overall percentages of elem…
organic chemistry
the study of compounds containing carbon
carbon
the molecule that is considered to be the central atom in the…
14 terms
Carbon & The Molecular Diversity of Life
Concept 4.1
Organic Chemistry
Organic Compounds
Vitalism
organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds
a branch of chemistry, specializing in the study of carbon co…
range from simple to complex, must contain both hydrogen and…
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
Concept 4.1
organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds
Organic Chemistry
a branch of chemistry, specializing in the study of carbon co…
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
ATP
cis-trans isomer
enantiomer
functional group
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
ATP
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
cis-trans isomer
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
16 terms
Carbon & Diversity of Life
Carbon will not form
Carbon only forms
Carbon always forms
Hydrocarbons are all
ionic bonds
covalent bonds
4 bonds
isomers
Carbon will not form
ionic bonds
Carbon only forms
covalent bonds
35 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Biological macromolecules
what are biological molecules are most…
Hydrocarbons
Functional groups
carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and nucleic acid
carbon atoms
non-polar molecules composed of carbon and hydrogen
induce polarity; can participate in hydrogen bonding
Biological macromolecules
carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and nucleic acid
what are biological molecules are most…
carbon atoms
45 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
major elements of life
organic compounds
Properties of carbon that make it able…
isomers
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorous
contain carbon, most contain hydrogen
Four valence electrons... Can form up to four covalent bonds... Can…
molecules that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
major elements of life
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorous
organic compounds
contain carbon, most contain hydrogen
15 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
the study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
an organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
one of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
one of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
hydrocarbons
an organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
67 terms
carbon and the molecular diversity of life
C, H, O, N, S, and P
carbon
4
4
major elements of life
all organic compounds contain ..
how many valence electrons does carbon have?
how many covalent bonds can carbon form?
C, H, O, N, S, and P
major elements of life
carbon
all organic compounds contain ..
18 terms
Carbon and Diversity of Life
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
OH - Alcohol - polar, forms hydrogen bonds with water, helps…
C=O - Ketone (in middle) or Aldehyde (at end) - Sugars (ketos…
COOH - Carboxylic (organic) acid - Acts as an acid, can donat…
NH₂ - Amine - Acts as a base, can pick up an H⁺
Hydroxyl Group
OH - Alcohol - polar, forms hydrogen bonds with water, helps…
Carbonyl Group
C=O - Ketone (in middle) or Aldehyde (at end) - Sugars (ketos…
30 terms
Carbon & Molecular Diversity of Life
6
4
4
central atom
atomic number of carbon
carbon has _______ valence electrons in its valence shell
carbon seeks _____ electrons to fill its valence shell
carbon is the ______________ of many organic molecules
6
atomic number of carbon
4
carbon has _______ valence electrons in its valence shell
63 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic compounds
Stanley Miller experiment
what did stanley miller discover
carbanaceous chondrite meterorites
tetravalence (4 electrons available for covalent bonding, ex.…
-tried to simulate conditions of the earth... -put electrons in…
11 amino acids, ... -paved road for discovering RNA and DNA
have lots of amino acids and organic compounds
organic compounds
tetravalence (4 electrons available for covalent bonding, ex.…
Stanley Miller experiment
-tried to simulate conditions of the earth... -put electrons in…
23 terms
Carbon and the molecular diversity of life
Carbon
Non-water molecules in cells are
Building blocks of cells
CO2 is not
Backbone of biological molecules
Carbon-based molecules
Proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids
An organic molecule
Carbon
Backbone of biological molecules
Non-water molecules in cells are
Carbon-based molecules
10 terms
Carbon and the molecular diversity of life
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
The study of carbon compounds
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
Compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
Isomers the differing in the covalent arrangements of their a…
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
8 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
cis-trans isomer
enantiomer
functional group
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
cis-trans isomer
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
23 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Carbon
1 Valence electron
2 Valence electrons
3 Valence electrons
4 Valence electrons
Hydrogen
1 Valence electron
Oxygen
2 Valence electrons
27 terms
Carbon + the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic
Urea
Closed System
The study of carbon (organic) compounds
Matter that containing either a carbon or a hydrogen, but not…
A colorless crystalline compound that is the main nitrogenous…
A physical system that does not interact w/ other systems
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon (organic) compounds
Inorganic
Matter that containing either a carbon or a hydrogen, but not…
10 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Functional groups
Hydroxyl group
Carbonyl group
Carboxyl group
The properties of organic molecules are largely determined by…
OH
CO
COOH
Functional groups
The properties of organic molecules are largely determined by…
Hydroxyl group
OH
19 terms
Carbon and The Molecular Diversity of life
Most living things are made of
All living things are made of
Cells
Carbon compounds
Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Oxygen
Cells
70-90% H20... Salt... Carbon compounds
Carbohydrate ... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acid
Most living things are made of
Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Oxygen
All living things are made of
Cells
15 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemsitry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
the study of carbon compounds
an organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
one of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
one of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
Organic Chemsitry
the study of carbon compounds
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
14 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry (yucky)
carbon ₆C forms
carbon bonds are versatile
carbon forms nonpolar covalent bonds w…
study of carbon molecules
four chemical bonds at the angles of a tetrahedral (109.5°)
bind to other carbon atoms by single, double*, or triple bond…
hydrogen resulting in hydrocarbons that when put in water are…
organic chemistry (yucky)
study of carbon molecules
carbon ₆C forms
four chemical bonds at the angles of a tetrahedral (109.5°)
27 terms
Carbon and the molecular diversity of life
Common ingredients in biological molec…
Compounds containing carbon on conside…
# of electrons carbon has
How does carbon usually fill its outer…
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, Phosphorus, CARBON
Organic
6 (2 in the first shell, 4 in the second shell)
Sharing electrons in 4 covalent bonds
Common ingredients in biological molec…
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, Phosphorus, CARBON
Compounds containing carbon on conside…
Organic
17 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Vitalism
Mechanism
Hydrocarbons
the study of compounds that contain carbon
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
the view that physical and chemical laws govern all natural p…
organic molecules of only carbon and hydrogen
Organic Chemistry
the study of compounds that contain carbon
Vitalism
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
15 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
the study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
an organic molecule consisting only of hydrogen and carbon
one of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
one of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
hydrocarbons
an organic molecule consisting only of hydrogen and carbon
23 terms
Carbon and the molecular diversity of life
Carbon
Organic chemistry
Electron configuration
Hydrocarbons
The backbone of life
The study of compounds that contain carbon
The kind of bonds and the number of bonds
Organic molecules consisting of only carbons and hydrogens
Carbon
The backbone of life
Organic chemistry
The study of compounds that contain carbon
22 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
study of carbon
molecules with only hydrogen and carbon
same number of atoms but with different structures and proper…
differ in covalent arrangements... (straight and Branched)... (as #…
organic chemistry
study of carbon
hydrocarbons
molecules with only hydrogen and carbon
42 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
living things
organic compounds
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
only ___________ can produce complex/big molecules
molecules containing carbon and 1+ hydrogen atom (0ther eleme…
the study of compounds containing carbon
organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
living things
only ___________ can produce complex/big molecules
organic compounds
molecules containing carbon and 1+ hydrogen atom (0ther eleme…
39 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
45 terms
Carbon and Molecular Diversity of Life
organic compound
macromolecules
valence
hydrocarbons
Compounds that contain carbon
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon
macromolecules
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
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