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Study sets matching "word disparities wealth"

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Study sets matching "word disparities wealth"

19 terms
Disparities in Wealth
To eradicate extreme poverty and hunge…
Indicators are too one sided... Not relia…
Dambisa Moyo - 3 kinds of aid. Charita…
The agreement to exchange or only im/e…
Describe 4 MDGs
Critiques of MDGs
Define Foreign Aid
Define Trade
To eradicate extreme poverty and hunge…
Describe 4 MDGs
Indicators are too one sided... Not relia…
Critiques of MDGs
16 terms
Disparities in wealth and development--Reducing disparities
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
Resource nationalisation
Terms of trade
Overseas investments in physical capital by transnational cor…
national or international private organizations, which are di…
when a country decides to take part, or all of one or a numbe…
the price of a country's exports relative to the price of its…
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
Overseas investments in physical capital by transnational cor…
Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
national or international private organizations, which are di…
30 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development: Disparities and Change
Core and periphery
MDG 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty outl…
MDG 1 - Progress and Challenges
MDG 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Educ…
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
-There were 3 targets... 1) Halve the proportion of people livin…
South-East Asia Being the most populous region especially in…
-Ensure all children complete a full course of primary educat…
Core and periphery
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
MDG 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty outl…
-There were 3 targets... 1) Halve the proportion of people livin…
31 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development: Origins of Disparities
Core and periphery
Informal Economy
Relative Poverty
Poverty line (or threshold)
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
System of trade or economic exchange used outside state contr…
When people have less than the average in the community or co…
The minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve and a…
Core and periphery
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
Informal Economy
System of trade or economic exchange used outside state contr…
21 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development: Measures of Disparities
Monetary
GNI
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)
Relating to financial or money (currency) matters.
Gross national income (now used in preference to gross nation…
The measure of average earnings in relation to local prices.…
Compares the ability of women and men to participate in econo…
Monetary
Relating to financial or money (currency) matters.
GNI
Gross national income (now used in preference to gross nation…
9 terms
Disparities in wealth
Inequality reflects
Impact of huge inequality
According to the World of Work Report
US (2007)
It reflects the impact of financial globalisation and the wea…
Huge differences can be counter-productive and damaging for m…
Between 1990 and 2005 approximately two-thirds of the countri…
The CEOs of the 15 largest companies each earned 520 times mo…
Inequality reflects
It reflects the impact of financial globalisation and the wea…
Impact of huge inequality
Huge differences can be counter-productive and damaging for m…
32 terms
Disparities in Wealth
Disparity
Inequality
Development
Core/Periphery Model
A great difference in wealth
Being unequal
Use of resources, natural and human, to achieve higher standa…
A model seeking to explain a spatial pattern of economic grow…
Disparity
A great difference in wealth
Inequality
Being unequal
9 terms
Disparities in Wealth
GDP
GNP
GNI*
Balance of Trade
The total value of all goods ans services produced inside a c…
The total market value of all goods and services produced by…
The total value of goods and services produced within a count…
The difference in value between a country's visible/physical…
GDP
The total value of all goods ans services produced inside a c…
GNP
The total market value of all goods and services produced by…
45 terms
wealth and disparities
GNI
why do NIC's have a higher GDP
NIC
MEDC
gross national income- the total value of goods and services…
state-led industrialization... spontaneous industrialization... ind…
Newly industrialized countries:... Taiwan... Hong Kong... South Korea…
more economically developed countries
GNI
gross national income- the total value of goods and services…
why do NIC's have a higher GDP
state-led industrialization... spontaneous industrialization... ind…
25 terms
Disparities in Wealth
What indicators are used to measure a…
Primary industry
Secondary industry
Tertiary industry
-Human Development Index (HDI)... -Gross National Product per ca…
Involves the extraction of raw materials from the Earth. This…
Involves the transformation of raw materials into goods. This…
Involves the supplying of services to consumers and businesse…
What indicators are used to measure a…
-Human Development Index (HDI)... -Gross National Product per ca…
Primary industry
Involves the extraction of raw materials from the Earth. This…
18 terms
Disparities in wealth and development--Reducing disparities
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
Resource nationalization
Terms of trade
Overseas investments in physical capital by transnational cor…
national or international private organizations, which are di…
when a country decides to take part, or all of one or a numbe…
the price of a country's exports relative to the price of its…
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
Overseas investments in physical capital by transnational cor…
Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
national or international private organizations, which are di…
39 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development: Reducing Disparities
Reducing Disparities
Trade and Market Access
Trade
Trading bloc
Disparities exist on our planet in every country. Solutions t…
Many people argue that the best way to alleviate poverty and…
The exchange of goods and/or services. The exchange maybe for…
A group of countries who have joined together to promote trad…
Reducing Disparities
Disparities exist on our planet in every country. Solutions t…
Trade and Market Access
Many people argue that the best way to alleviate poverty and…
12 terms
Wealth Disparity
Factors that cause of Wealth Disparity
Factors that cause of Wealth Disparity 2
Poverty Cycle
Low Income Housing
No enough job opportunites
Not making enough money for the things you need to live
If you're family is in poverty, you're more likely to be in p…
40% of HK population live in subsidised public housing
Factors that cause of Wealth Disparity
No enough job opportunites
Factors that cause of Wealth Disparity 2
Not making enough money for the things you need to live
81 terms
CORE 2: Disparities in Wealth and Development Key Words
CORE 2: Disparities in Wealth and Deve…
absolute poverty
balance of payments
balance of trade
...
when people don't have enough money to afford their daly need…
this is the same as the balance of trade but also includes in…
the differences between visible ( physical = cars, books, TVs…
CORE 2: Disparities in Wealth and Deve…
...
absolute poverty
when people don't have enough money to afford their daly need…
Disparities in Wealth and Development - Disparities and Change
Modernisation theory
Dependency theory
World system theory
Life expectancy at birth
a deterministic approach based on the economic history of a n…
blames the relative underdevelopment of the developing world…
based on the history of the capitalist world economy. Countri…
the average number of years that a new-born baby is expected…
Modernisation theory
a deterministic approach based on the economic history of a n…
Dependency theory
blames the relative underdevelopment of the developing world…
5 terms
Disparities in Wealth & Development
Dependency Theory
World System Theory
Neo-colonialism
Foreign Trade
Colonialism and neocolonialism have created unequal economic…
3 level hierarchy: core, periphery and semi-periphery explain…
The control of domination by a powerful country over weaker o…
The exchange of capital, goods and services across internatio…
Dependency Theory
Colonialism and neocolonialism have created unequal economic…
World System Theory
3 level hierarchy: core, periphery and semi-periphery explain…
41 terms
IB disparities in wealth
Absolute poverty
Aid
Balance of payments
Balance of trade
the point at which a household's income falls below the neces…
The voluntary transfer of resources from one nation to anothe…
Same as balance of trade but also includes invisible exports…
Difference between visible physical import and export's
Absolute poverty
the point at which a household's income falls below the neces…
Aid
The voluntary transfer of resources from one nation to anothe…
16 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development Terms
Literacy Rate
Education expenditure
Malnutrition prevalence, height for ag…
Gross National Income
There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy.…
the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP.
Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of childre…
The total value of goods and services produced within a count…
Literacy Rate
There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy.…
Education expenditure
the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP.
25 terms
Wealth and Disparities IB
What is GNI?
What is GNP/capita and why is it not a…
What is Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)?
HDI is an example of what kind of indi…
Gross National Income, formerly known as GNP. It is the total…
GNP divided by population. It is an average so INTERNAL VARIA…
This is when the per capita income is adjusted to take into a…
A composite indicator of economic and social development.
What is GNI?
Gross National Income, formerly known as GNP. It is the total…
What is GNP/capita and why is it not a…
GNP divided by population. It is an average so INTERNAL VARIA…
15 terms
Disparities in wealth and development Quiz
Give two reasons why GNI per person is…
How debt relief may help to reduce glo…
Suggest two reasons why developing reg…
Explain how progress in education can…
GNI is not a composite indicator such as HDI, which allows mo…
explain/imply that they know what debt relief is.... The rest of…
Increased government investment in education increases the nu…
Identifying a valid MDG (eradicate poverty and hunger; promot…
Give two reasons why GNI per person is…
GNI is not a composite indicator such as HDI, which allows mo…
How debt relief may help to reduce glo…
explain/imply that they know what debt relief is.... The rest of…
15 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development
Human Development Index (HDI) indicators
Global Trends in Inequality of Develop…
The assets of the world's 200 richest…
Describe the regional education dispar…
- life expectancy... - mean years of schooling... - average years…
- inequalities between and within counrtires have accompanied…
.
- inadequate public expenditure for education ... - urban bias…
Human Development Index (HDI) indicators
- life expectancy... - mean years of schooling... - average years…
Global Trends in Inequality of Develop…
- inequalities between and within counrtires have accompanied…
42 terms
Disparities in wealth and development
development
Literacy Rate
Millennium development goal
Human Development Index (HDI)
a process of change that affects people's lives. It may invol…
The percentage of the adult population with basic reading and…
Eight international development goals that were established f…
A measure of development which combines three important aspec…
development
a process of change that affects people's lives. It may invol…
Literacy Rate
The percentage of the adult population with basic reading and…
17 terms
Geo disparities in wealth and development
Measurements of regional and global di…
Development
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Gross Nation Product (GNI)
Define indices of infant mortality, education, nutrition, inc…
the use of resources to improve the quality of life in a coun…
the total value of goods and services produced in a country i…
comprises of GDP together with its income received from other…
Measurements of regional and global di…
Define indices of infant mortality, education, nutrition, inc…
Development
the use of resources to improve the quality of life in a coun…
24 terms
Disparities in wealth and development
Human development index (HDI)
Why disparities in wealth?
Brandt Line
Where does a lot of Debt come from?
Based on:... - GNI per capita... - Life expectancy... - expected compa…
- Residence... - Ethnicity / Race ... - Parent education... - diet ... -…
1970's german politician separating the rich north with the p…
- Careless borrowing of poorer countries from OPEC countries…
Human development index (HDI)
Based on:... - GNI per capita... - Life expectancy... - expected compa…
Why disparities in wealth?
- Residence... - Ethnicity / Race ... - Parent education... - diet ... -…
10 terms
2. Disparities in wealth and development
Human Development Index (HDI)
Infant mortality rate
Core and Periphery
Gross National Income (GNI)
A composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
is the number of children in a country who pass away before t…
the concept of developed core surrounded by an undeveloped pe…
the total value of goods and services produced within a count…
Human Development Index (HDI)
A composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
Infant mortality rate
is the number of children in a country who pass away before t…
71 terms
Core: Disparities in Wealth and Development
Monetary
Core and periphery
GNI
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
Relating to financial or money (currency) matters.
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
Gross national income (now used in preference to gross nation…
The measure of average earnings in relation to local prices.…
Monetary
Relating to financial or money (currency) matters.
Core and periphery
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
46 terms
ISZLIBGEO Disparities in Wealth and Development
Define HDI and give an example of a co…
Suggest why many Sub Saharan African c…
Some countries can have low GNI's but…
Describe the common characteristics of…
a composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
Their development has mainly been hindered because of AIDS an…
Cuba!!
In developing countries with bad sanitation, and little/poor…
Define HDI and give an example of a co…
a composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
Suggest why many Sub Saharan African c…
Their development has mainly been hindered because of AIDS an…
24 terms
Disparities and Change + Reducing Disparities (Disparities in Wealth and Development)
What are the Millennium Development Go…
How will the MDGs help situations?
Examine the progress made in meeting t…
Examine the view that rapid population…
...
...
...
...
What are the Millennium Development Go…
...
How will the MDGs help situations?
...
16 terms
Origins of Disparities (Disparities in Wealth and Development)
What is development?
What kind of inequalities can arise?
Suggest reasons why an uneven distribu…
Explain the inequalities resulting fro…
...
- ethnicity... - residence... - parental education... - income... - emplo…
...
...
What is development?
...
What kind of inequalities can arise?
- ethnicity... - residence... - parental education... - income... - emplo…
27 terms
Disparities in Wealth & Development Terms
Development
LEDC
MEDC
NIC
The use of resources to improve the quality of life in a coun…
Less economically developed countries
More economically developed countries
Newly industrialising country
Development
The use of resources to improve the quality of life in a coun…
LEDC
Less economically developed countries
Disparities in Wealth & Development
Development
LEDC
MEDC
NIC
The standard of living and quality of life of its human inhab…
Less Economically Developed Country
More Economically Developed Country
Newly Industrialized Country
Development
The standard of living and quality of life of its human inhab…
LEDC
Less Economically Developed Country
55 terms
DISPARITIES IN WEALTH & DEVELOPMENT VOCABULARY
Anarchy
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Trend
Theocracy
nobody is in control and everyone is free to do what they want
It is the international body dealing with the rules of trade…
Over time
Ruled by religions
Anarchy
nobody is in control and everyone is free to do what they want
World Trade Organization (WTO)
It is the international body dealing with the rules of trade…
23 terms
Disparities in Wealth Vocab.
balance of trade
GNI
core and periphery model
primary economic sector
the difference between a country's total exports and total im…
Gross national income (now used in preference to gross nation…
A model of the spatial structure of development in which unde…
the part of economic production involving agriculture, mining…
balance of trade
the difference between a country's total exports and total im…
GNI
Gross national income (now used in preference to gross nation…
26 terms
Chapter 2 disparities in wealth
Infant mortality
Education
Nutrition
Income
How many children under the age of 1 die by 1000
...
...
...
Infant mortality
How many children under the age of 1 die by 1000
Education
...
20 terms
Wealth and Disparities Vocab
Absolute Poverty
Brandt Line
BRIC
Cost of Living
a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic huma…
an invisible line across the world that divides the rich nort…
a grouping acronym that refers to the countries: Brazil, Russ…
The amount of money needed to sustain a certain level of livi…
Absolute Poverty
a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic huma…
Brandt Line
an invisible line across the world that divides the rich nort…
21 terms
Disparities in Wealth Vocab
Human Development Index (HDI)
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
LEDCs
a composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
made up of the former Soviet republics.
the number of children in a country who die before their firs…
less economically developed countries
Human Development Index (HDI)
a composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
made up of the former Soviet republics.
13 terms
Disparities in Wealth Vocabulary
Asian Tigers
Civil Society
EPZ
Fair Trade
First NICs
A social sphere separate from both the state and the market
Export Processing Zone
Trade that is economically, socially, and environmentally res…
Asian Tigers
First NICs
Civil Society
A social sphere separate from both the state and the market
15 terms
Disparities in Wealth & Development
Disparity
Inequality
Inequities
Development
great differences
measurable disparities
injustices or things lacking in fairness (which result from d…
a process of change that affect people's lives, referring to…
Disparity
great differences
Inequality
measurable disparities
43 terms
Disparities of Wealth vocab
MEDC
LEDC
GDP per capita (gross domestic product)
birth rate
more economically developed country
less economically developed country
how wealth is measure for a country
the number of live births per thousand of population per year
MEDC
more economically developed country
LEDC
less economically developed country
33 terms
Disparities in Wealth Vocab
HDI (Human Development Index)
MPI
Education Index
Qualification
A composite indicator that was developed in 1990 by the Unite…
Multidimensional poverty index measures poverty in three dime…
measured on a scale 0 to 1 based on adult literacy rate, comb…
indicators that attempt to describe a country's development i…
HDI (Human Development Index)
A composite indicator that was developed in 1990 by the Unite…
MPI
Multidimensional poverty index measures poverty in three dime…
41 terms
IB disparities in wealth
Absolute poverty
Aid
Balance of payments
Balance of trade
the point at which a household's income falls below the neces…
The voluntary transfer of resources from one nation to anothe…
Same as balance of trade but also includes invisible exports…
Difference between visible physical import and export's
Absolute poverty
the point at which a household's income falls below the neces…
Aid
The voluntary transfer of resources from one nation to anothe…
14 terms
Disparities in Wealth; IB Geography
HDI, Human Development Index
IMR, Infant Mortality Rate
GDI, Gender-related development index
GEM, Gender Empowerment measure
More reliable than single indicators such as GDP or GNP. Can…
The number of children in a country who die before their firs…
Measures achievements in the same dimensions and using the sa…
Reveals whether women can take an active part in economic and…
HDI, Human Development Index
More reliable than single indicators such as GDP or GNP. Can…
IMR, Infant Mortality Rate
The number of children in a country who die before their firs…
22 terms
Disparities in wealth and development
Gender-related development index (GDI)
Gender Empowerment Measure
Human Development Index (HDI)
Gini Coefficient
The gender-based equivalent of the HDI.
Measures female representation in parliament, specific profes…
Life expectancy, adult literacy rate, percentage school enrol…
Measures the dispersion of wealth within a country.
Gender-related development index (GDI)
The gender-based equivalent of the HDI.
Gender Empowerment Measure
Measures female representation in parliament, specific profes…
14 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development
Disparities
Wealth
Core and Periphery
Development
The differences that can occur at a variety of scales between…
Largely linked to income but includes material possessions su…
The core attracts disproportionate amounts of GDP, population…
The use of resources used to improve living standards across…
Disparities
The differences that can occur at a variety of scales between…
Wealth
Largely linked to income but includes material possessions su…
42 terms
Disparities of wealth and development
Gross National Income (GNI)
Gross National Happiness (GNH)
Human Development Index (HDI)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of…
• Sustainable development... • Preservation and promotion of cul…
• Health: Life Expectancy at birth... • Income: GNI pc PPP... • Edu…
Total value of all goods and services produced domestically i…
Gross National Income (GNI)
The total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of…
Gross National Happiness (GNH)
• Sustainable development... • Preservation and promotion of cul…
10 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development
U.S. Income Inequality
Papua New Guinea Case Study
East Africa Trade and Transport Facili…
Market
• Richest 20% of families in U.S. own almost 90% of wealth... •…
• 85% of population is subsistence farming earning estimated…
• $260 million project with majority funded by World Bank... - F…
Allow countries to diversify and expand trade
U.S. Income Inequality
• Richest 20% of families in U.S. own almost 90% of wealth... •…
Papua New Guinea Case Study
• 85% of population is subsistence farming earning estimated…
21 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development
Development
GDP
GNP
LEDC and MEDC
Refers to the quality of living and standard of living of its…
The market value of goods and services produced within a coun…
Income earned by its citizens, home or abroad minus the incom…
Spatial division between the richer north and poorer south, c…
Development
Refers to the quality of living and standard of living of its…
GDP
The market value of goods and services produced within a coun…
36 terms
Disparities in wealth and development (Vocabulary)
The Human Development Index (HDI)
CIS
Infant mortality rate (IMR)
Development
a composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
Commonwealth of Independent States, made up of the former Sov…
the number of children in a country who die before their firs…
the use of resources to improve the quality of life in a coun…
The Human Development Index (HDI)
a composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
CIS
Commonwealth of Independent States, made up of the former Sov…
36 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development
Development
GDP
GNI
Development Gap
The use of resources to improve the quality of life in a coun…
The total value of goods and services produced in a country i…
The total value of goods and services produced by a country a…
The difference in income and the quality of life in general b…
Development
The use of resources to improve the quality of life in a coun…
GDP
The total value of goods and services produced in a country i…
11 terms
Disparities in Wealth and Development
China/ India... Disparities within a coun…
New York... Disparities within a City
Niger and Norway... Disparities in wealth…
Afghanistan/ Rwanda etc. ... MDG case stu…
The country can be crudely divided into 2 regions - the afflu…
New York can be divided into several boroughs; Manhattan, Bro…
Norway:... Location - Northern Europe, coast on the north Sea -…
MDG 1 - Reduce Hunger. ... MDG 2 - Universal Primary Education.…
China/ India... Disparities within a coun…
The country can be crudely divided into 2 regions - the afflu…
New York... Disparities within a City
New York can be divided into several boroughs; Manhattan, Bro…
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