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Study sets matching "world geo chapter 1"

12 terms
Geology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
catastrophe
observation
erupt
evidence
a terrible, sudden event
the act of paying careful attention to gather information; a…
to send out rock, lava, and ash in a sudden explosion
proof; information and facts that are helpful in forming a co…
catastrophe
a terrible, sudden event
observation
the act of paying careful attention to gather information; a…
12 terms
Geology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
catastrophe
observation
erupt
evidence
a terrible, sudden event
the act of paying careful attention to gather information; a…
to send out rock, lava, and ash in a sudden explosion
proof; information and facts that are helpful in forming a co…
catastrophe
a terrible, sudden event
observation
the act of paying careful attention to gather information; a…
80 terms
World Geo (Chapter 1)
Archipelago
Atoll
Bay
Canyon
Either a group of islands or a body of water that has many is…
A circular coral island that encloses a lagoon. _____ are usu…
A body of water that penetrates a coastline. It is generally…
A deep, narrow depression in the earth's surface, often havin…
Archipelago
Either a group of islands or a body of water that has many is…
Atoll
A circular coral island that encloses a lagoon. _____ are usu…
20 terms
Chapter 1 Geology Vocabulary
Mantle
Crust
Core
Magma
a thick shell of rock that separates Earth's crust above from…
the outer layer of rock, forming a thin skin over Earth's sur…
the central zone of Earth
molten rock, usually mostly silica; the liquid may contain di…
Mantle
a thick shell of rock that separates Earth's crust above from…
Crust
the outer layer of rock, forming a thin skin over Earth's sur…
15 terms
Geology: Vocab Chapter 1
Physical Geology
Rock Cycle
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
the study of the materials that compose Earth and the ways in…
destroys & renews Earth's crust (sedimentation, metamorphism,…
Alfred Wagner; Pangaea; evidence: fossils, similar coastal to…
Harry Hess; explains Continental Drift; mantle convection; oc…
Physical Geology
the study of the materials that compose Earth and the ways in…
Rock Cycle
destroys & renews Earth's crust (sedimentation, metamorphism,…
32 terms
Geology Chapter 1-4 Vocabulary
catastrophe
observation
erupt
evidence
a terrible, sudden event
the act of paying careful attention to gather information; a…
to send out rock, lava, and ash in a sudden explosion
proof; information and facts that are helpful in forming a co…
catastrophe
a terrible, sudden event
observation
the act of paying careful attention to gather information; a…
49 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Heliocentric
Gravity
Energy
Star (Sun)
Having the sun as the center of the universe
The attractive force that one mass exerts on another. Magnitu…
The capacity to do work
An object in the universe in which fusion reactions occur per…
Heliocentric
Having the sun as the center of the universe
Gravity
The attractive force that one mass exerts on another. Magnitu…
22 terms
Chapter 1 - Intro to Geology
Geology
Physical geology
Historical geology
Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism
the science that studies the Earth's origin, composition, and…
studies the composition of the Earth and seeks to understand…
studies the origin of Earth and its development through time.
What are the geologic principles?
Geology
the science that studies the Earth's origin, composition, and…
Physical geology
studies the composition of the Earth and seeks to understand…
54 terms
Geology Lab Chapter 1
Minerals
Definition of minerals: Naturally occu…
Definition of minerals: Inorganic
Definition of minerals: Hight ordered…
The basic building blocks of rocks:most rocks a described or…
Occurs in nature without any human input.
Contains no biological carbons-these minerals are not and nev…
The atoms are arranged in a orderly network at specific dista…
Minerals
The basic building blocks of rocks:most rocks a described or…
Definition of minerals: Naturally occu…
Occurs in nature without any human input.
28 terms
Intro to Geology - Chapter 1
asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth that is likely made out of iron.
asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
Geology 104 - Chapter 1
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
The primary focus - examines the materials composing earth to…
Understand the origin of Earth and its development through ti…
The belief that Earths landscapes had been shaped primarily b…
James Hutton: States that the physical, chemical, and biologi…
Physical Geology
The primary focus - examines the materials composing earth to…
Historical Geology
Understand the origin of Earth and its development through ti…
21 terms
Geology Chapter 1 (Understanding Earth)
Scientific Method
Topography
Principle of Uniformitarianism
Seismic Waves
A plan used by all scientists based on methodical observation…
Changes in ground elevation, measured with respect to sea lev…
The geological processes we see in action today have worked i…
Vibrations caused by earthquakes. Can be compressional or she…
Scientific Method
A plan used by all scientists based on methodical observation…
Topography
Changes in ground elevation, measured with respect to sea lev…
171 terms
AP Human Geology Chapter 1 Summary 2016/ag
Vernacular Region
Functional Region
Culture
Cultural Ecology
An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural…
An area organized around a node or focal point
The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material tra…
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relatoi…
Vernacular Region
An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural…
Functional Region
An area organized around a node or focal point
10 terms
Geology chapter 1
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Scientific Method
Energy
The study of Earth materials and processes that form and act…
The study of the origin of the Earth and changes of the Earth…
Oil, Natural gas, Coal, Nuclear, Hydro
Physical Geology
The study of Earth materials and processes that form and act…
Historical Geology
The study of the origin of the Earth and changes of the Earth…
50 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Geology Etymology
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Internal Processes
Geo- Earth, Logos- discourse
A major division of geology that *examines the materials of E…
Seeks to understand the origin of Earth and its development t…
Occur beneath Earth's surface. Sometimes they lead to the for…
Geology Etymology
Geo- Earth, Logos- discourse
Physical Geology
A major division of geology that *examines the materials of E…
25 terms
Geology Chapter 1
What is geology?
What are the 3 reasons why we study ge…
What is the atmosphere? What are its t…
What is hydrosphere? What are its vari…
scientific study of earth and its major systems
Obtain natural resources... Assess and avoid natural disasters... p…
gaseous envelope... 78% nitrate, 21% oxygen, and 1% argon, carbo…
all of earth's water... 97% is in the ocean
What is geology?
scientific study of earth and its major systems
What are the 3 reasons why we study ge…
Obtain natural resources... Assess and avoid natural disasters... p…
35 terms
Geology Chapter 1
physical geology
historical geology
catastrophism
uniformintarianisn
examines the materials composing Earth and seeks to understan…
to understand the origin of Earth and its development through…
belief that Earth's landscapes were shaped primarily by great…
physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate today ha…
physical geology
examines the materials composing Earth and seeks to understan…
historical geology
to understand the origin of Earth and its development through…
50 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Geology Etymology
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Internal Processes
Geo- Earth, Logos- discourse
A major division of geology that *examines the materials of E…
Seeks to understand the origin of Earth and its development t…
Occur beneath Earth's surface. Sometimes they lead to the for…
Geology Etymology
Geo- Earth, Logos- discourse
Physical Geology
A major division of geology that *examines the materials of E…
10 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Cartography
Latitude
Longitude
Hemispheres
Science of map making
Imaginary lines running parallel to the equator 0 degrees to…
Distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian they r…
The earth is divided into four hemispheres north, south, east…
Cartography
Science of map making
Latitude
Imaginary lines running parallel to the equator 0 degrees to…
10 terms
Geology 1302 Chapter 1
What is the Age of Earth
Terrestrial Planets
Jovian Planets
Dwarf Planet
4.6 billion years old
1. Mars... 2. Venus... 3. Earth... 4. Mercury
1. Jupiter... 2. Saturn... 3. Uranus... 4. Neptune
Pluto
What is the Age of Earth
4.6 billion years old
Terrestrial Planets
1. Mars... 2. Venus... 3. Earth... 4. Mercury
31 terms
Geology-Chapter 1
Geology
Physical Geology
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
the scientific study of Earth
the study of Earth's materials, changes of the surface and in…
The gases that envelop the Earth
Water on or near the Earth's surface
Geology
the scientific study of Earth
Physical Geology
the study of Earth's materials, changes of the surface and in…
34 terms
Chapter 1 Geology
Carina Nebula
Universe
cosmology
Geocentric model
Birthplace for stars about 7500 light years away can be seen…
All of space and all the matter and energy within it
The systematic study of the overall structure and history of…
The earth sat without moving at the center of the universe wh…
Carina Nebula
Birthplace for stars about 7500 light years away can be seen…
Universe
All of space and all the matter and energy within it
233 terms
Geology Chapter 1
scientific study of solid Earth and it…
What are the two types of Geology?
study of Earth, materials that make up…
study of history of Earth, origin of f…
Geology
Physical and Historical
Physical
Historical
scientific study of solid Earth and it…
Geology
What are the two types of Geology?
Physical and Historical
30 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Precipitation
Ultraviolet Radiation
Evapotranspiration
Infrared Energy
Water vapor condenses to produce clouds made of tiny water dr…
The sun produces vast amounts of energy. Oxygen absorbs most…
Plants take moistures from the soils, surface waters, or air…
Much of the Sun's light that reaches Earth converts to infrar…
Precipitation
Water vapor condenses to produce clouds made of tiny water dr…
Ultraviolet Radiation
The sun produces vast amounts of energy. Oxygen absorbs most…
47 terms
Geology Chapter 1
seismic tomography
seismic waves
seismograph
resistance
analogous to an ultrasound, or CAT scan of the Earth
generated by many types of sources, travel through the Earth…
measures ground motion at Earth's surface
wave speed depends on this, the material to being compressed…
seismic tomography
analogous to an ultrasound, or CAT scan of the Earth
seismic waves
generated by many types of sources, travel through the Earth…
25 terms
Chapter 1 Geology
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
The primary focus - examines the materials composing earth to…
Understand the origin of Earth and its development through ti…
The belief that Earths landscapes had been shaped primarily b…
James Hutton: States that the physical, chemical, and biologi…
Physical Geology
The primary focus - examines the materials composing earth to…
Historical Geology
Understand the origin of Earth and its development through ti…
30 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Precambrian Era
Outcrop
Core
Mantle
the first major section of geological time, lasting from the…
a part of rock formation that appears above the surface of th…
the innermost layer of Earth that consists of a solid inner c…
the layer of earth between crust and the core
Precambrian Era
the first major section of geological time, lasting from the…
Outcrop
a part of rock formation that appears above the surface of th…
47 terms
World Geo. Chapter 1
Geographers use a ____ perspective to…
____ geography is the study of the way…
The largest employer of cartographers…
The ____ of a region is/are an example…
Spatial
Human
U.S. Geological Survey
Soils
Geographers use a ____ perspective to…
Spatial
____ geography is the study of the way…
Human
47 terms
Geology 120 Chapter 1
Asthenosphere
Accretionary Wedge
Atmosphere
Biosphere
Uppermost part of the mantle, underlying the lithosphere
A large wedge shaped mass of sediment that accumulates in sub…
Gases that envelop earth
All of the living or once living material on Earth
Asthenosphere
Uppermost part of the mantle, underlying the lithosphere
Accretionary Wedge
A large wedge shaped mass of sediment that accumulates in sub…
21 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Geology
Natural Resources
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Scientific study of the earth
Non-renewable
The gases that envelop the earth, thin vail of gas, controls…
Water on or near the earths surface
Geology
Scientific study of the earth
Natural Resources
Non-renewable
23 terms
Chapter 1 World Geo Vocab
great circle route
map projection
planar projection
cylindrical projection
An imaginary line that follows the curve of earth and represe…
A mathematical method that involves transferring the earth's…
Shows the earth centered in such a way that a straight line c…
A map projection that is made by moving the surface features…
great circle route
An imaginary line that follows the curve of earth and represe…
map projection
A mathematical method that involves transferring the earth's…
23 terms
Geology 105 Chapter 1
dynamic
Name 4 earth subsystems
geology
theory
constantly changing through geologic processes
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Geosphere
study of the earth
explanation that is very good and withstands attempts to disc…
dynamic
constantly changing through geologic processes
Name 4 earth subsystems
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Geosphere
24 terms
ACC Geology chapter 1
Physical Geology
List the four Earth systems
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
The study of materials and changes of surface and interior of…
Atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.
The gases that develop the Earth.
Water on or near the Earth's surface.
Physical Geology
The study of materials and changes of surface and interior of…
List the four Earth systems
Atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.
59 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Subsystems of Earth:
Atmosphere
Biosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere... Biosphere... Hydrosphere... Lithosphere... -Mantle... -Core
The blanket of gas on the surface of a planet or satellite.…
-The place on Earth where life dwells... -Organisms break down r…
-All the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and sea…
Subsystems of Earth:
Atmosphere... Biosphere... Hydrosphere... Lithosphere... -Mantle... -Core
Atmosphere
The blanket of gas on the surface of a planet or satellite.…
14 terms
World Geo Chapter 1
Location
place
region
movement
where a place is. absolute and relative location
what is it like?
Divides world into manageable units both formal and informal
people, goods, ideas move from place to place
Location
where a place is. absolute and relative location
place
what is it like?
8 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Physical geology
Historic geology
Natural hazards
Hutton's theory of uniformity
Focuses on events above and below the Earth's surface
Changes in the earth for the long duration
1 Coastal regions are compromised by development. Poor constr…
Geologic forces operating in the present operated in the past…
Physical geology
Focuses on events above and below the Earth's surface
Historic geology
Changes in the earth for the long duration
59 terms
Geology 1003, Chapter 1
3 reasons why Earth is special
2 kinds of components of Earth's system
Physiochemical processes
Biological components
1) Right distance away from sun... 2) Right size... 3) Complex system
1) Physiochemical... 2) Biological
inorganic physical and chemical processes shaping Earth
life and related processes
3 reasons why Earth is special
1) Right distance away from sun... 2) Right size... 3) Complex system
2 kinds of components of Earth's system
1) Physiochemical... 2) Biological
42 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction to Geology
Abyssal plain
Atmosphere
Biosphere
Catastrophism
very level area of the deep ocean floor, usually lying at the…
the gaseous portion of a planet, the planet's envelope of air…
the totality of life forms on earth
the concept that earth was shaped by catastrophie events of a…
Abyssal plain
very level area of the deep ocean floor, usually lying at the…
Atmosphere
the gaseous portion of a planet, the planet's envelope of air…
19 terms
Pacific Geology Chapter 1
CONTINENT
CONTINENTAL DRIFT
CRUST
GEOGRAPHY
A large mass of land. The bottom of the ocean is more flat th…
the very slow movement of the continents
the outside layer of the Earth
the study of a land's location, size, land forms, climate, pe…
CONTINENT
A large mass of land. The bottom of the ocean is more flat th…
CONTINENTAL DRIFT
the very slow movement of the continents
43 terms
Geology Chapter 1-"Looking
seismic tomography
Seismic waves are generated by many ty…
seismograph
resistance
analogous to an ultrasound, or CAT scan of the Earth
the waves travel through the Earth from the source to a recei…
measures ground motion at Earth's surface
wave depends on the resistance of the material to being compr…
seismic tomography
analogous to an ultrasound, or CAT scan of the Earth
Seismic waves are generated by many ty…
the waves travel through the Earth from the source to a recei…
58 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Universe
Cosmology
Geocentric Model
Heliocentric Model
All of space and all the matter and energy within it
The study of the overall structure and history of the universe
The Earth sat without moving at the center of the universe, w…
The sun lay at the center of the universe while the Earth and…
Universe
All of space and all the matter and energy within it
Cosmology
The study of the overall structure and history of the universe
36 terms
Geology 1000 Chapter 1
Geology
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
What are the properties of Minerals?
study of the earth .. young science
a major division of geology that examines the materials of ea…
major division of geology that deals with the origin of the e…
Solid ...Inorganic..... Naturally occuring.... definite chemi…
Geology
study of the earth .. young science
Physical Geology
a major division of geology that examines the materials of ea…
32 terms
World Geography Chapter 1
great circle route
map projection
planar projection
cylindrical projection
an imaginary line that follows the curve of the Earth and rep…
a mathematical formula used to represent the curved surface o…
a map created by projecting an image of the Earth onto a geom…
a map created by projecting Earth's image onto a cylinder
great circle route
an imaginary line that follows the curve of the Earth and rep…
map projection
a mathematical formula used to represent the curved surface o…
13 terms
Geology Chapter 1
Which of the following is not a way ge…
The average composition of the contine…
The outer core is thought to be primar…
The upper portion of the mantle is mai…
Allows you to learn constellations.
A: granite.... B: basalt.
Iron.
Olivine.
Which of the following is not a way ge…
Allows you to learn constellations.
The average composition of the contine…
A: granite.... B: basalt.
Geology Chapter 1-5
The three major regions of the ocean f…
Cratons
continents are composed of?
a rocks mineral composition and textur…
The continental margin, The deep-ocean basin, The oceanic rid…
the older, relatively stable interiors of the continents, the…
they are composed of mostly granitic rocks with an average de…
...
The three major regions of the ocean f…
The continental margin, The deep-ocean basin, The oceanic rid…
Cratons
the older, relatively stable interiors of the continents, the…
13 terms
Historical Geology - chapter 1
3 components of Earth
Earth's 4 systems
Atmosphere
Biosphere
1. Plate tectonics:... - outermost part is composed of moving pl…
1. Atmosphere... 2. Biosphere... 3. Hydrosphere... 4. Geosphere
- Layer of gases (nitrogen and oxygen) surrounding Earth kept…
- The zone inhabited by life; global ecosystems.... - Narrow zon…
3 components of Earth
1. Plate tectonics:... - outermost part is composed of moving pl…
Earth's 4 systems
1. Atmosphere... 2. Biosphere... 3. Hydrosphere... 4. Geosphere
Introduction to Geology Chapter 1
Asthenosphere
atmosphere
biosphere
catastrophism
A subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere. T…
The gaseous portion of a planet; the planet's envelope of air…
The zone of Earth in which life exists including land, water,…
The concept that Earth was shaped by catastrophic events of a…
Asthenosphere
A subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere. T…
atmosphere
The gaseous portion of a planet; the planet's envelope of air…
24 terms
World Geo Chapter 1
great circle route
map projection
planar projection
cylindrical projection
An imaginary line that follows the curve of earth and represe…
A mathematical method that involves transferring the earth's…
projection of an area of earth onto a plane
projection developed by Mercator of an area of earth onto a c…
great circle route
An imaginary line that follows the curve of earth and represe…
map projection
A mathematical method that involves transferring the earth's…
10 terms
Chapter 1: The Peopling of the World
artifact
culture
technology
hunter-gatherer
A human made object such as a tool, weapon, or piece of jewel…
A people's unique way of life, as shown by its tools, customs…
The ways in which people apply knowledge, tools, and inventio…
A member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunt…
artifact
A human made object such as a tool, weapon, or piece of jewel…
culture
A people's unique way of life, as shown by its tools, customs…
21 terms
Geology Chapter 1 (Understanding Earth)
Scientific Method
Topography
Principle of Uniformitarianism
Seismic Waves
A plan used by all scientists based on methodical observation…
Changes in ground elevation, measured with respect to sea lev…
The geological processes we see in action today have worked i…
Vibrations caused by earthquakes. Can be compressional or she…
Scientific Method
A plan used by all scientists based on methodical observation…
Topography
Changes in ground elevation, measured with respect to sea lev…
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