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Study sets matching "world history enlightenment"

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Study sets matching "world history enlightenment"

22 terms
World History Enlightenment
Locke
Voltaire
Rousseau
Montesquieu
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Voltaire
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
27 terms
S1: World History Enlightenment
Locke
Voltaire
Rousseau
Montesquieu
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Voltaire
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
19 terms
Modern World History - Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
philosophe
18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of…
English political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereig…
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
A thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature…
Enlightenment
18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of…
Thomas Hobbes
English political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereig…
22 terms
World History - Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Without absolute government there would be chaos
Man has natural rights to life, liberty,and property. If gove…
Wrote of dividing government into three separate branches - l…
Popular French writer who promoted religious tolerance
Thomas Hobbes
Without absolute government there would be chaos
John Locke
Man has natural rights to life, liberty,and property. If gove…
23 terms
World History - Age of Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Voltaire
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
The best type of government was one that protected the natura…
Very outspoken against the French gov. and Catholic Church. H…
Enlightenment
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Thomas Hobbes
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
12 terms
World History: Enlightenment
James Madison
secular
Voltaire
Denis Diederot
Main author of Constitution
not religious
French philosopher who spoke out against censorship
Edited Encyclopedia
James Madison
Main author of Constitution
secular
not religious
12 terms
World History - Enlightenment
Locke
Voltaire
Rousseau
Montesquieu
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
fought for freedom of religion, speech, and tolerance
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Voltaire
fought for freedom of religion, speech, and tolerance
15 terms
Enlightenment World History Metz
Natural law
social contract
Natural right
Separation of Powers
Laws that govern human nature
An agreement by which people give up the state of nature for…
Right that belongs to all humans from birth
Dividing the various functions (legislative, judicial, execut…
Natural law
Laws that govern human nature
social contract
An agreement by which people give up the state of nature for…
47 terms
World History- Enlightenment
absolute monarch
divine right
Philip II
Louis XIV
ruler with complete authority over the government and lives o…
belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
...
...
absolute monarch
ruler with complete authority over the government and lives o…
divine right
belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
AP World history:The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment is also known as
The notion of democracy came from
The constant testing of observations p…
Baron de Montesquieu mistakenly
the Age of Reason according to George Washington and Thomas P…
Baron de Montesquieu
science, arts, technology, and social contracts
thought that benevolent monarchies had separate judicial and…
The Enlightenment is also known as
the Age of Reason according to George Washington and Thomas P…
The notion of democracy came from
Baron de Montesquieu
36 terms
World History~ The Enlightenment Vocab
Geocentric Theory
Ptolemy
Scientific revolution
Copernicus
The idea that the Earth is the center of the universe.
Greek astronomer who expanded and developed the Geocentric Th…
Brought about a new way of thinking about the natural world.
After 25 years of studying, he proved that Earth, the stars,…
Geocentric Theory
The idea that the Earth is the center of the universe.
Ptolemy
Greek astronomer who expanded and developed the Geocentric Th…
9 terms
World History 1 Enlightenment
Individual Freedom
Natural Rights
Enlightenment
Inalienable Rights
freedom of Speech or Religion
rights given to all humans at birth
Time period of thinking using reason
rights given to all humans at birth (life, liberty and the pu…
Individual Freedom
freedom of Speech or Religion
Natural Rights
rights given to all humans at birth
14 terms
UCHS World History Enlightenment
deism
rationalism
ellipses
enlightened absolutism
religious philosophy based on reason & natural law
reliance on reason as the best guide for belief & action
oval paths in which planets move around the Sun
system by which rulers tried to govern by Enlightenment princ…
deism
religious philosophy based on reason & natural law
rationalism
reliance on reason as the best guide for belief & action
11 terms
World History Absolutism/Enlightenment
Three Reasons England and Spain were i…
What was the Enlightenment?
How are leaders chosen in France (Unde…
How are leaders chosen in the U.S?
1. Exploration (competition for colonies)... 2. Religion (Englan…
A new way of thinking in the 1700 where people used reasoning…
DIVINE RIGHT God has chosen them. Stays in the Family.
PEOPLE ELECT
Three Reasons England and Spain were i…
1. Exploration (competition for colonies)... 2. Religion (Englan…
What was the Enlightenment?
A new way of thinking in the 1700 where people used reasoning…
17 terms
Enlightenment Quiz World History
Enlightenment
If Thomas Jefferson took action agains…
Absolute Monarchy
Deism
Set of new ideas/beliefs that challenge traditional ways of t…
Voltaire
a king or royal family ruling with unlimited power
Believing that God exists, but he abandoned the world after c…
Enlightenment
Set of new ideas/beliefs that challenge traditional ways of t…
If Thomas Jefferson took action agains…
Voltaire
13 terms
World History Enlightenment
Where did enlightenment thinkers meet?
Who wrote Two Treatises of Government?
Who wrote The Spirit of Laws?
What was the purpose of A Vindication…
Coffees houses and salons (their ideas also spread through pr…
John Locke
Charle-Louis de Secondat, the Baron de Montesquieu
To promote education for women
Where did enlightenment thinkers meet?
Coffees houses and salons (their ideas also spread through pr…
Who wrote Two Treatises of Government?
John Locke
23 terms
World History, Chapter 19- Enlightenment and Revolution
geocentric theory
Scientific Revolution
René Descartes
Nicolaus Copernicus
the theory that the earth is the center if the universe, and…
the posing and testing of theories about the natural world th…
French scholar who used reason - logic and math - to prove ba…
Polish astronomer who recognized the inaccuracy of the geocen…
geocentric theory
the theory that the earth is the center if the universe, and…
Scientific Revolution
the posing and testing of theories about the natural world th…
37 terms
Lundquist: World History - Age of Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Voltaire
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
Believed the best type of government was one that protected t…
Very outspoken against the French gov. and Catholic Church. H…
Enlightenment
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Thomas Hobbes
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
17 terms
Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment - World History
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
Ptolemy
Geocentric
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of as…
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
Scientific Revolution
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
Enlightenment
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
24 terms
World History: CH 6 Enlightenment and Revolution
geocentric theory
Scientific Revolution
heliocentric theory
Galileo Galilei
the mistaken idea, according to the Catholic church of the da…
an huge leap forward in scientific discoveries and new scient…
the correct idea that the sun is the center of the universe;…
Italian scientist who defended Copernicus's earth-centered th…
geocentric theory
the mistaken idea, according to the Catholic church of the da…
Scientific Revolution
an huge leap forward in scientific discoveries and new scient…
15 terms
People of the Enlightenment: World History
Hobbes
Rousseau
Voltaire
Fredrick II
absolute monarchy is best, men are wicked and evil, people sh…
Men are born with natural rights of life, liberty, and proper…
Wrote satire-especially against the Catholic Church, believed…
From Prussia and allowed for some religious freedom, worked t…
Hobbes
absolute monarchy is best, men are wicked and evil, people sh…
Rousseau
Men are born with natural rights of life, liberty, and proper…
7 terms
World History Enlightenment Thinkers
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Rousseau
- West port Wiltshire, England... - He had little faith in human…
- Somerset, England... - He believed in the Empirical method... - E…
- Chateau la Brede, France... - Studied science, history, econom…
- From Switzerland... - Be lived that people are naturally good…
Thomas Hobbes
- West port Wiltshire, England... - He had little faith in human…
John Locke
- Somerset, England... - He believed in the Empirical method... - E…
22 terms
World History Vocabulary Enlightenment
Geocentric Theory
Scientific Revolution
Heliocentric Theory
Tycho Brahe
Earth is the center of the Universe
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
the idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around…
(1546-1601)Danish astronomer who studied the night sky for 20…
Geocentric Theory
Earth is the center of the Universe
Scientific Revolution
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
20 terms
World History-Enlightenment
Versailles
Louis XIV/Sun King
Divine Right
Enlightened Despot
is a 40 minutes to france es una ciudad grande y con mucha ar…
Versailles
is a 40 minutes to france es una ciudad grande y con mucha ar…
Louis XIV/Sun King
18 terms
World history: enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes 1
John Locke
Voltaire
Montesquieu
all humans were naturally selfish and wicked, therefore gover…
People were reasonable (though still selfish) and had the nat…
Wrote 70 books of political essays philosophy and drama
proposed the "separation of powers" between executive, legisl…
Thomas Hobbes 1
all humans were naturally selfish and wicked, therefore gover…
John Locke
People were reasonable (though still selfish) and had the nat…
30 terms
World History Enlightenment Unit
People Began To Question The Church For
Church Believed In
Galileo
Copernicus
Reason,Proof, And Evidence
Superstition
Telescope
Challenged The Geocentric Theory
People Began To Question The Church For
Reason,Proof, And Evidence
Church Believed In
Superstition
30 terms
World History Enlightenment Unit
People Began To Question The Church For
Church Believed In
Galileo
Copernicus
Reason,Proof, And Evidence
Superstition
Telescope
Challenged The Geocentric Theory
People Began To Question The Church For
Reason,Proof, And Evidence
Church Believed In
Superstition
29 terms
World History II Enlightenment
Isaac Newton
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
Johannes Kepler
Gravity
Heliocentric Model
Telescope
Planet Motion
Isaac Newton
Gravity
Nicolaus Copernicus
Heliocentric Model
22 terms
World History 10: The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
3 Central ideas of Enlightenment
Reason and Rationalism
Emergence of Enlightenment
An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three centr…
1)Reason: The most important and original idea was that the m…
The general opinion among Enlightenment thinkers that nothing…
The new generation, between 1687(Newton's publication of "Pri…
The Enlightenment
An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three centr…
3 Central ideas of Enlightenment
1)Reason: The most important and original idea was that the m…
28 terms
World History - Scientific Enlightenment
Aristotelian System
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Francis Bacon
-view which accepted truths about biology, physics, and astro…
-theory of the universe saying the earth was the center of th…
-theory of the universe saying the earth is simply one of the…
-man who pulled logic and ethics together with science
Aristotelian System
-view which accepted truths about biology, physics, and astro…
Geocentric
-theory of the universe saying the earth was the center of th…
51 terms
World History I: Enlightenment and Revolution
Scientific Revolution
geocentric
heliocentric
Nicolaus Copernicus
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
Earth centered universe
Sun centered universe
developed the heliocentric theory of the universe
Scientific Revolution
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
geocentric
Earth centered universe
30 terms
World History - Enlightenment & Revolutions
John Locke
Philosophes
Absolute Monarchy
Separation of Powers
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
A group of French "radicals" who focused on human reason and…
A system of government in which the head of state is a heredi…
A system of government in which different institutions exerci…
John Locke
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
Philosophes
A group of French "radicals" who focused on human reason and…
18 terms
World History Age of Science & Enlightenment
hypothesis
scientific method
theory
Ptolemy
An educated guess
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
A well tested explanation of natural events
Greco-Roman astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of as…
hypothesis
An educated guess
scientific method
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
11 terms
World History II Enlightenment
American Revolution
Johann Bach
Eugéne Delacroix
Don Quixote
Was based on Enlightenment ideas; fueled the French Revolution
Austrian composer
Enlightenment painter, painted "Liberty Leading the People"
Novel that made fun of the Middle Ages, written by Miguel Cer…
American Revolution
Was based on Enlightenment ideas; fueled the French Revolution
Johann Bach
Austrian composer
11 terms
World History - The Enlightenment
July 17888 - 1789; Bad harvests send _…
May 5, 1789; ______ tries to fix the e…
June 1789; ______ made up of the Third…
July 14,1789; ________ heard rumors th…
Food Prices Soaring
Louis XVI gathers the Estates General
The National Assembly is formed
Parisians storm the Bastille
July 17888 - 1789; Bad harvests send _…
Food Prices Soaring
May 5, 1789; ______ tries to fix the e…
Louis XVI gathers the Estates General
23 terms
World history-Enlightenment
Versailles
Louis XIV/Sun king
Mercantilism
Divine right
Versailles
Louis XIV/Sun king
22 terms
World History Enlightenment
Locke
Voltaire
Rousseau
Montesquieu
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Voltaire
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
22 terms
World History: The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
3 Central ideas of Enlightenment
Reason and Rationalism
Emergence of Enlightenment
An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three centr…
1)Reason: The most important and original idea was that the m…
The general opinion among Enlightenment thinkers that nothing…
The new generation, between 1687(Newton's publication of "Pri…
The Enlightenment
An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three centr…
3 Central ideas of Enlightenment
1)Reason: The most important and original idea was that the m…
25 terms
World History Enlightenment Review
natural law
Mary Wollstonecraft
Physiocrats
enlightened despot
What rules discoverable by reason did Enlightenment thinkers…
Who argued that women and men should have equal education?
____________supported a government policy of laissez faire.
An _______ ________was a ruler who influenced political and s…
natural law
What rules discoverable by reason did Enlightenment thinkers…
Mary Wollstonecraft
Who argued that women and men should have equal education?
10 terms
World History Enlightenment
enlightenment
philosophes
John Locke
natural rights
18th century movement led by French intellectuals who advocat…
Enlightened thinkers
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
Life, Liberty, and Property
enlightenment
18th century movement led by French intellectuals who advocat…
philosophes
Enlightened thinkers
54 terms
World history enlightenment
I can trace and explain how the renass…
I can describe how the world views eur…
I can anlyze how the enlightment chall…
I can explain the consequences of thos…
Ren people started questioning beliefs which led to a break i…
...
The enlightenment age led to people making there own decision…
During this time in history it was never justified to challen…
I can trace and explain how the renass…
Ren people started questioning beliefs which led to a break i…
I can describe how the world views eur…
...
8 terms
World history enlightenment thinkers
Hobbes
Locke
Rousseau
Voltaire
Book: Leviathan... Beliefs: philosopher; man is evil; strong abs…
Books: declaration of rights of man; two treatises of governm…
Books: the social contract ... Beliefs: individual freedom of pe…
Book: Candide... Beliefs: early abolitionist... Ideals he fought fo…
Hobbes
Book: Leviathan... Beliefs: philosopher; man is evil; strong abs…
Locke
Books: declaration of rights of man; two treatises of governm…
26 terms
World History: The Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
Social Contract
Leviathan
John Locke
SOCIAL CONTRACT ,distrusts humans, favors absolute government…
getting order by giving power to the monarch
the state must have central authority to manage behavior writ…
NATURALS RIGHTS,says that government gets power from the peop…
Thomas Hobbes
SOCIAL CONTRACT ,distrusts humans, favors absolute government…
Social Contract
getting order by giving power to the monarch
12 terms
World History The Enlightenment
Philosophies
The Encyclopedia
Salons
Montesquieu
the study of the basic ideas about knowledge, truth, right an…
This work, edited by Diderot and published between 1751-72, c…
Informal gatherings, usually sponsored by middle-class or ari…
One of the greatest philosophes who wrote "On the Spirit of L…
Philosophies
the study of the basic ideas about knowledge, truth, right an…
The Encyclopedia
This work, edited by Diderot and published between 1751-72, c…
18 terms
World History Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Mary Wollstonecraft
A movement in which people had the idea that reason could be…
-1651 wrote the leviathan which argued people were naturally…
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy a…
Age of Enlightenment
A movement in which people had the idea that reason could be…
Thomas Hobbes
-1651 wrote the leviathan which argued people were naturally…
9 terms
Honors World History Enlightenment
Absolute Monarchy
Representative Democracy
Constitutional Monarchy
Republic
A country with a king or queen who rules with absolute power…
A country with a leader that has been voted into office and r…
This type of government has a king or queen that splits power…
In this type of government, the people vote in a representati…
Absolute Monarchy
A country with a king or queen who rules with absolute power…
Representative Democracy
A country with a leader that has been voted into office and r…
22 terms
World History Enlightenment
Origins of the Enlightenment
rationalism
natural laws
Philosophes
aka Age of Reason... ultimately stems from Aristotle, who used l…
truth arrived at solely by reason... logical thinking
orderly universe possible... progress would always occur
French... called for progress and practical thinking, not religi…
Origins of the Enlightenment
aka Age of Reason... ultimately stems from Aristotle, who used l…
rationalism
truth arrived at solely by reason... logical thinking
World History: Enlightenment
Absolute Monarch
Limited Monarchy
Phillip II
Prime Minister
Form of government where the ruler has absolute power.
Form of government where the king/queen acts as the head of s…
King of Spain who sent the Spanish Armada towards England.
Senior minister in the executive government branch.
Absolute Monarch
Form of government where the ruler has absolute power.
Limited Monarchy
Form of government where the king/queen acts as the head of s…
45 terms
World History Enlightenment Quest
absolutism
divine right
feudalism
charles V
the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in politic…
the idea that monarchs are gods representatives on earth and…
holding of lands in fief (fee)
holy roan emperor/ hapsburg king, divided empire and retired…
absolutism
the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in politic…
divine right
the idea that monarchs are gods representatives on earth and…
36 terms
World History Enlightenment
3 things led to the scientific revolut…
Heliocentric theory
Telescope
Scientific method
Reformation, age of exploration, renaissance
Discovery- copernicus created it and galileo got in trouble f…
Development
Development
3 things led to the scientific revolut…
Reformation, age of exploration, renaissance
Heliocentric theory
Discovery- copernicus created it and galileo got in trouble f…
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