Study sets matching "world history enlightenment"

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Study sets matching "world history enlightenment"

World History Enlightenment
Locke
Voltaire
Rousseau
Montesquieu
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Voltaire
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
5 terms
World History Enlightenment Chart
John Locke
Isaac Newton
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Born with a blank mind & shaped by experiences
World machine- laws uncovered by systematic investigation
3 kinds of government; separation of powers
Critical of Christianity; Pushed for equal treatment; Deism
John Locke
Born with a blank mind & shaped by experiences
Isaac Newton
World machine- laws uncovered by systematic investigation
Modern World History The Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Salons
Baroque
Neoclassical
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
Social Gatherings where philosophers, writers, artists, scien…
Grand ornate designs
(New Classical) an elegant style from classic Greek and Rome.
Enlightenment
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
Salons
Social Gatherings where philosophers, writers, artists, scien…
22 terms
World History - Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Without absolute government there would be chaos
Man has natural rights to life, liberty,and property. If gove…
Wrote of dividing government into three separate branches - l…
Popular French writer who promoted religious tolerance
Thomas Hobbes
Without absolute government there would be chaos
John Locke
Man has natural rights to life, liberty,and property. If gove…
19 terms
Modern World History - Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
philosophe
18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of…
English political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereig…
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
A thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature…
Enlightenment
18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of…
Thomas Hobbes
English political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereig…
23 terms
World History - Age of Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Voltaire
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
The best type of government was one that protected the natura…
Very outspoken against the French gov. and Catholic Church. H…
Enlightenment
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Thomas Hobbes
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
27 terms
S1: World History Enlightenment
Locke
Voltaire
Rousseau
Montesquieu
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Voltaire
fought for freedom of religion, tolerance, and speech
12 terms
World History: Enlightenment
James Madison
secular
Voltaire
Denis Diederot
Main author of Constitution
not religious
French philosopher who spoke out against censorship
Edited Encyclopedia
James Madison
Main author of Constitution
secular
not religious
47 terms
World History- Enlightenment
absolute monarch
divine right
Philip II
Louis XIV
ruler with complete authority over the government and lives o…
belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
...
...
absolute monarch
ruler with complete authority over the government and lives o…
divine right
belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
AP World history:The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment is also known as
The notion of democracy came from
The constant testing of observations p…
Baron de Montesquieu mistakenly
the Age of Reason according to George Washington and Thomas P…
Baron de Montesquieu
science, arts, technology, and social contracts
thought that benevolent monarchies had separate judicial and…
The Enlightenment is also known as
the Age of Reason according to George Washington and Thomas P…
The notion of democracy came from
Baron de Montesquieu
36 terms
World History~ The Enlightenment Vocab
Geocentric Theory
Ptolemy
Scientific revolution
Copernicus
The idea that the Earth is the center of the universe.
Greek astronomer who expanded and developed the Geocentric Th…
Brought about a new way of thinking about the natural world.
After 25 years of studying, he proved that Earth, the stars,…
Geocentric Theory
The idea that the Earth is the center of the universe.
Ptolemy
Greek astronomer who expanded and developed the Geocentric Th…
9 terms
World History 1 Enlightenment
Individual Freedom
Natural Rights
Enlightenment
Inalienable Rights
freedom of Speech or Religion
rights given to all humans at birth
Time period of thinking using reason
rights given to all humans at birth (life, liberty and the pu…
Individual Freedom
freedom of Speech or Religion
Natural Rights
rights given to all humans at birth
World History - Enlightenment
Locke
Voltaire
Rousseau
Montesquieu
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
fought for freedom of religion, speech, and tolerance
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Voltaire
fought for freedom of religion, speech, and tolerance
7 terms
World History Enlightenment Thinkers
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Rousseau
- West port Wiltshire, England... - He had little faith in human…
- Somerset, England... - He believed in the Empirical method... - E…
- Chateau la Brede, France... - Studied science, history, econom…
- From Switzerland... - Be lived that people are naturally good…
Thomas Hobbes
- West port Wiltshire, England... - He had little faith in human…
John Locke
- Somerset, England... - He believed in the Empirical method... - E…
22 terms
World History 10: The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
3 Central ideas of Enlightenment
Reason and Rationalism
Emergence of Enlightenment
An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three centr…
1)Reason: The most important and original idea was that the m…
The general opinion among Enlightenment thinkers that nothing…
The new generation, between 1687(Newton's publication of "Pri…
The Enlightenment
An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three centr…
3 Central ideas of Enlightenment
1)Reason: The most important and original idea was that the m…
13 terms
World History Enlightenment
Where did enlightenment thinkers meet?
Who wrote Two Treatises of Government?
Who wrote The Spirit of Laws?
What was the purpose of A Vindication…
Coffees houses and salons (their ideas also spread through pr…
John Locke
Charle-Louis de Secondat, the Baron de Montesquieu
To promote education for women
Where did enlightenment thinkers meet?
Coffees houses and salons (their ideas also spread through pr…
Who wrote Two Treatises of Government?
John Locke
11 terms
World History Absolutism/Enlightenment
Three Reasons England and Spain were i…
What was the Enlightenment?
How are leaders chosen in France (Unde…
How are leaders chosen in the U.S?
1. Exploration (competition for colonies)... 2. Religion (Englan…
A new way of thinking in the 1700 where people used reasoning…
DIVINE RIGHT God has chosen them. Stays in the Family.
PEOPLE ELECT
Three Reasons England and Spain were i…
1. Exploration (competition for colonies)... 2. Religion (Englan…
What was the Enlightenment?
A new way of thinking in the 1700 where people used reasoning…
37 terms
Lundquist: World History - Age of Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Voltaire
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
Believed the best type of government was one that protected t…
Very outspoken against the French gov. and Catholic Church. H…
Enlightenment
Took place during the 18th century, a time where thinkers cha…
Thomas Hobbes
Wrote "Leviathan", believed people entered into a Social Cont…
17 terms
Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment - World History
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
Ptolemy
Geocentric
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of as…
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
Scientific Revolution
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
Enlightenment
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
23 terms
World History, Chapter 19- Enlightenment and Revolution
geocentric theory
Scientific Revolution
René Descartes
Nicolaus Copernicus
the theory that the earth is the center if the universe, and…
the posing and testing of theories about the natural world th…
French scholar who used reason - logic and math - to prove ba…
Polish astronomer who recognized the inaccuracy of the geocen…
geocentric theory
the theory that the earth is the center if the universe, and…
Scientific Revolution
the posing and testing of theories about the natural world th…
Enlightenment World History 10th
Nikolas Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei
Francis Bacon
Polish astronomer, believed earth was round, and it rotated o…
German astronomer proved Copernicus' ideas, used ellipses, pl…
Italian astronomer, used telescope to observe moons moving ar…
English philosopher who believed all ideas should be based on…
Nikolas Copernicus
Polish astronomer, believed earth was round, and it rotated o…
Johannes Kepler
German astronomer proved Copernicus' ideas, used ellipses, pl…
24 terms
World History: CH 6 Enlightenment and Revolution
geocentric theory
Scientific Revolution
heliocentric theory
Galileo Galilei
the mistaken idea, according to the Catholic church of the da…
an huge leap forward in scientific discoveries and new scient…
the correct idea that the sun is the center of the universe;…
Italian scientist who defended Copernicus's earth-centered th…
geocentric theory
the mistaken idea, according to the Catholic church of the da…
Scientific Revolution
an huge leap forward in scientific discoveries and new scient…
People of the Enlightenment: World History
Hobbes
Rousseau
Voltaire
Fredrick II
absolute monarchy is best, men are wicked and evil, people sh…
Men are born with natural rights of life, liberty, and proper…
Wrote satire-especially against the Catholic Church, believed…
From Prussia and allowed for some religious freedom, worked t…
Hobbes
absolute monarchy is best, men are wicked and evil, people sh…
Rousseau
Men are born with natural rights of life, liberty, and proper…
world history enlightenment thinkers
Treaty of Paris
Triangular Trade
Middle Passage
Columbian Exchange
ended the French and Indian war
3 legged international trade network
the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to…
-brought back plants and animals from the Americas ... -later re…
Treaty of Paris
ended the French and Indian war
Triangular Trade
3 legged international trade network
8 terms
World History: The Enlightenment
Philosiphe
John Locke
Montesquie
Volitaire
the intellectuals or philosophers of the 18th century enlight…
The State of Nature (war), social contract with government, g…
criticized absolute monarchy, felt the best way to protect li…
targeted corrupt officials and idle aristocrats, battled ineq…
Philosiphe
the intellectuals or philosophers of the 18th century enlight…
John Locke
The State of Nature (war), social contract with government, g…
51 terms
World History I: Enlightenment and Revolution
Scientific Revolution
geocentric
heliocentric
Nicolaus Copernicus
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
Earth centered universe
Sun centered universe
developed the heliocentric theory of the universe
Scientific Revolution
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on caref…
geocentric
Earth centered universe
World History: Enlightenment Territory
Natural Law
Montequieu
Thomas Hobbes
Voltaire
Rules that apply to the study of home behavior.
Separation of power, checks and balances (Executive, Judicial…
Absolute monarchy, leviathan (Leviation man is born bad and n…
Candice- exposed corruption and hypocrisy.
Natural Law
Rules that apply to the study of home behavior.
Montequieu
Separation of power, checks and balances (Executive, Judicial…
26 terms
World History Honors - Enlightenment
John Locke
Rousseau
Montesquieu
divine right
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
advocated separation of power would prevent one person from g…
The King rules by God's will
John Locke
had a positive view of humans, all people have natural rights…
Rousseau
thought direct-democracy was best, it's the free will of indi…
7 terms
World History - Enlightenment Philosophers
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Baron de Montesquieu
Adam Smith
Main Idea: Social contract; strong gov. to maintain law & o…
Main Idea: Natural rights of life, liberty, & property; gov…
Main Idea: Checks & Balances between gov. branches; separat…
Main Idea: Free-market economy w/ supply & demand; gov. sho…
Thomas Hobbes
Main Idea: Social contract; strong gov. to maintain law & o…
John Locke
Main Idea: Natural rights of life, liberty, & property; gov…
19 terms
Modern World History - Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
philosophe
18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of…
English political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereig…
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
A thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature…
Enlightenment
18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of…
Thomas Hobbes
English political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereig…
23 terms
World History: Enlightenment
Scientific Revolution
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric Theory
Copernicus
the advancements of evidence based science and the rejection…
Ptolemy's theory enforced by the Catholic church... - everything…
- sun centered universe... - everything revolves around the sun…
Began enlightenment, created heliocentric theory but feared c…
Scientific Revolution
the advancements of evidence based science and the rejection…
Geocentric Theory
Ptolemy's theory enforced by the Catholic church... - everything…
World History ( The Enlightenment )
The Enlightenment
Philosophe
Natural Rights
Absolutism
Era from the 1600s, to the 1780s in which cultural and intell…
One of the deistic of materialistic writers and thinkers of T…
All individuals are equal in the sense that they are born wit…
The sovereign power or ultimate authority in the state rested…
The Enlightenment
Era from the 1600s, to the 1780s in which cultural and intell…
Philosophe
One of the deistic of materialistic writers and thinkers of T…
8 terms
World history enlightenment thinkers
Hobbes
Locke
Rousseau
Voltaire
Book: Leviathan... Beliefs: philosopher; man is evil; strong abs…
Books: declaration of rights of man; two treatises of governm…
Books: the social contract ... Beliefs: individual freedom of pe…
Book: Candide... Beliefs: early abolitionist... Ideals he fought fo…
Hobbes
Book: Leviathan... Beliefs: philosopher; man is evil; strong abs…
Locke
Books: declaration of rights of man; two treatises of governm…
World history: enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes 1
John Locke
Voltaire
Montesquieu
all humans were naturally selfish and wicked, therefore gover…
People were reasonable (though still selfish) and had the nat…
Wrote 70 books of political essays philosophy and drama
proposed the "separation of powers" between executive, legisl…
Thomas Hobbes 1
all humans were naturally selfish and wicked, therefore gover…
John Locke
People were reasonable (though still selfish) and had the nat…
39 terms
World History- The Enlightenment Vocabulary
Age of exploration
Enlightenment
Christianity
Scientific method
human race extends the boundaries of the known world
thinkers apply reason and science to all aspects of society
led to the idea of equal rights in society
relying on observation and testing of theories as a way of go…
Age of exploration
human race extends the boundaries of the known world
Enlightenment
thinkers apply reason and science to all aspects of society
11 terms
World History the Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Believed in a powerful government. Also, believed that people…
Advocates natural rights. (Rights given to everyone at birth)…
Advanced the idea of separation of power. (Legislative, Judic…
Defends freedom of thought and freedom of speech.
Thomas Hobbes
Believed in a powerful government. Also, believed that people…
John Locke
Advocates natural rights. (Rights given to everyone at birth)…
World History Enlightenment Review
laws that govern human nature
agreement by which people give up the…
enlightenment thinker who promoted the…
economics system based on a hands-off…
Natural Law
Social Contract
Voltaire
lassez-faire
laws that govern human nature
Natural Law
agreement by which people give up the…
Social Contract
19 terms
World History Enlightenment & Absolutism
Louis XIV
Peter the Great
Primogeniture
Grand Embassy
Powerful French Monarch... Believes in divine right of kings... Pal…
Ruled Russia... Westernization... Less Papacy... Had committee of advi…
The right of succession being passed on to first born child (…
The purpose of this was to strengthen bonds between Europe an…
Louis XIV
Powerful French Monarch... Believes in divine right of kings... Pal…
Peter the Great
Ruled Russia... Westernization... Less Papacy... Had committee of advi…
World History: The Enlightenment
Feudalism
Democracy
Autocracy
Divine Monarchy/Absolute Monarchy
A hierarchy that consisted of a king, lords, knights, and ser…
A government system that is based on the natural rights of th…
A system of government that is rule by one person with absolu…
A monarchy whose ruler believes ruling is a God-given right a…
Feudalism
A hierarchy that consisted of a king, lords, knights, and ser…
Democracy
A government system that is based on the natural rights of th…
13 terms
World History- Enlightenment
Locke
Rousseau
Montesquieu
Diderot
Wrote and say concerning human understanding. Also justificat…
Wrote the social contract, to follow the general will
Wrote the spirit of laws, only one good government type, thre…
Writer, most famous for the encyclopedia, which is a dictiona…
Locke
Wrote and say concerning human understanding. Also justificat…
Rousseau
Wrote the social contract, to follow the general will
World History The Enlightenment
Locke was from
Hobbes was from
Montesquieu was from
Beccaria was from
England
England
France
italy
Locke was from
England
Hobbes was from
England
18 terms
World History Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Mary Wollstonecraft
A movement in which people had the idea that reason could be…
-1651 wrote the leviathan which argued people were naturally…
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy a…
Age of Enlightenment
A movement in which people had the idea that reason could be…
Thomas Hobbes
-1651 wrote the leviathan which argued people were naturally…
29 terms
World History II Enlightenment
Isaac Newton
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
Johannes Kepler
Gravity
Heliocentric Model
Telescope
Planet Motion
Isaac Newton
Gravity
Nicolaus Copernicus
Heliocentric Model
World History Finals: Enlightenment
Characteristics of Enlightenment
Philosophes
Diderot
Montesquieu
Rationalism, determining cause-and-effect relationships of na…
Thinkers and critics of society; they used printed material t…
A philosopher who edited the Encyclopedia. He published the f…
A French philosopher who published "The Spirit of the Laws" i…
Characteristics of Enlightenment
Rationalism, determining cause-and-effect relationships of na…
Philosophes
Thinkers and critics of society; they used printed material t…
30 terms
World History Enlightenment Unit
People Began To Question The Church For
Church Believed In
Galileo
Copernicus
Reason,Proof, And Evidence
Superstition
Telescope
Challenged The Geocentric Theory
People Began To Question The Church For
Reason,Proof, And Evidence
Church Believed In
Superstition
Enlightenment | World History|
John Locke
Montesquieu
Copernicus
Absolute monarch
believed that people were naturally happy, tolerant, and reas…
believed in the separation of powers.
Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar…
ruler with complete control over the government and the lives…
John Locke
believed that people were naturally happy, tolerant, and reas…
Montesquieu
believed in the separation of powers.
28 terms
World History- Enlightenment
Sun King
Palace at Versaille
Peter the Great and the Romanov Dynasty
Copernicus
louis XIV, absolute monarchs who thought everyone should revo…
constructed by Louis XIV to show his absolute power
monarch who brought Russia up to date with the rest of europe…
came up with heliocentric theory (revolving around the sun)
Sun King
louis XIV, absolute monarchs who thought everyone should revo…
Palace at Versaille
constructed by Louis XIV to show his absolute power
29 terms
World History Monarchies & Enlightenment
Absolute Monarch
Divine Right
Peace of Augsburg
Spanish Armada
A ruler that has unlimited power and authority over his or he…
The belief that a rulers' authority comes directly from God
(1555) An agreement between states in the Holy Roman Empire t…
A great fleet (130 ships and 20,000 men) assembled by Spain i…
Absolute Monarch
A ruler that has unlimited power and authority over his or he…
Divine Right
The belief that a rulers' authority comes directly from God
34 terms
World History: Enlightenment
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric Theory
Scientific Method
Francis Bacon
originally theory of Aristotle and Ptolemy that was supported…
accurate theory developed by Nicolaus Copernicus which states…
a method for gathering and testing ideas about the world; bas…
believed that scientists should observe the world and gather…
Geocentric Theory
originally theory of Aristotle and Ptolemy that was supported…
Heliocentric Theory
accurate theory developed by Nicolaus Copernicus which states…
World History II Enlightenment
American Revolution
Johann Bach
Eugéne Delacroix
Don Quixote
Was based on Enlightenment ideas; fueled the French Revolution
Austrian composer
Enlightenment painter, painted "Liberty Leading the People"
Novel that made fun of the Middle Ages, written by Miguel Cer…
American Revolution
Was based on Enlightenment ideas; fueled the French Revolution
Johann Bach
Austrian composer
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