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Study sets matching "world religions chapter 4"

98 terms
World Religions: Chapter 4
What is the birth of the Muslim calend…
True or False?... The Quran completes and…
Which section of Islam is orthodox wit…
What is polygamy?
Hijra
True
Sunni
A man can take more than one wife
What is the birth of the Muslim calend…
Hijra
True or False?... The Quran completes and…
True
63 terms
World Religions Chapter 4
Aditi
Agni
Agnihotra
Ahimsa
Mother goddess, source of all things.
The Sacred manifested in the form of fire.
Morning ritual bath, stoking sacred fire (Agni), and addressi…
Nonviolence.
Aditi
Mother goddess, source of all things.
Agni
The Sacred manifested in the form of fire.
35 terms
Chapter 4 world religions
Arati
Atman
Avatar
Bhakti marga
Worship with light, involving the waving of a lamp in front o…
The eternal self or soul that is successively reincarnated un…
A "descent" of God (usually Vishnu) to earth in a physical fo…
The path or devotion.
Arati
Worship with light, involving the waving of a lamp in front o…
Atman
The eternal self or soul that is successively reincarnated un…
24 terms
World Religions-Chapter 4
Passing Sights
Siddartha Goutama (563B.C- 483BC)
Middle way
Silia
old age, sickness, death, and sannyasin
He discovers the being a four passing sights and wants to fin…
the correct way to living as a buddhist, have to follow the e…
mortality
Passing Sights
old age, sickness, death, and sannyasin
Siddartha Goutama (563B.C- 483BC)
He discovers the being a four passing sights and wants to fin…
World Religions - Chapter 4
Anatta
Anicca
Arhat
Bodhisattvas
One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine de…
One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine th…
One who has become enlightened; the ideal type for Theravada…
Future Buddhas; as the ideal types for Mahayana Buddhism, bei…
Anatta
One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine de…
Anicca
One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine th…
15 terms
World Religions Chapter 4
atman
avatara
Brahman
bhakti
self, soul; the divine essence of living beings
a physical incarnation of the divine
the divine essence of the universe; ultimate reality
devotion
atman
self, soul; the divine essence of living beings
avatara
a physical incarnation of the divine
49 terms
world religions chapter 4
anatta
anicca
Dukkha
arhat
-one of Three Marks of Existence... -"no self"... -there is no ulti…
-one of the Three Marks of Existence... -"impermanence"... -closely…
-one of the Three Marks of Existence... -"suffering"... -first of t…
-one who has become enlightened... -ideal type for Theravada Bud…
anatta
-one of Three Marks of Existence... -"no self"... -there is no ulti…
anicca
-one of the Three Marks of Existence... -"impermanence"... -closely…
108 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 Islam
Test format
Birth of the Muslim calendar
Quran completes and corrects previous…
Which sect of Islam is orthodox with e…
Two parts, scan tron will be no more than 50 questions (most…
Hijrah
True
Sunni
Test format
Two parts, scan tron will be no more than 50 questions (most…
Birth of the Muslim calendar
Hijrah
25 terms
The World Religions - Chapter 4
Jains oppose caste.... T/F
What is tirthankara?... Select one:... a. a…
Lord Mahavira was... Select one:... a. born…
Define kevala jnana:
True
c. one who has overcome passions
c. anti-Brahmanical
Supreme and perfect knowledge.
Jains oppose caste.... T/F
True
What is tirthankara?... Select one:... a. a…
c. one who has overcome passions
25 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 Vocabulary
anatta
anicca
arhat
bodhisattvas
doctrine denying a permanent self; no self
doctrine that all existent things are constantly changing
One who has become enlightened; worthy one
future Buddhas; beings who have experienced enlightenment but…
anatta
doctrine denying a permanent self; no self
anicca
doctrine that all existent things are constantly changing
110 terms
World Religions Chapter 4: Buddhism
anatman
anicca
Arhat
Bhikshu
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
a Theravada Buddhist who has reached nirvana
a disciple of the Buddha that imitates the Buddha's life and…
anatman
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
anicca
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
26 terms
Chapter 4 World Religions
Sannyasi
Guru
Trimurti
Om
Renouncer in the fourth stage (ashrama) of life.
A spiritual teacher and revealer of truth, common to Hinduism…
Trinity of Brahma, Krishna, and Shiva
The primordial sound through which the universe is manifested.
Sannyasi
Renouncer in the fourth stage (ashrama) of life.
Guru
A spiritual teacher and revealer of truth, common to Hinduism…
22 terms
World Religions: Chapter 4 Vocab
Arhat
Bodhisattvahs
Buddha
Dalai Lama
one who has become enlightened
Future Buddhas - they have experienced enlightenment but have…
"awakened one"; the title applies to Siddhartha Gautama and a…
the spiritual leader of Vajrayan (Tibetan) Buddhism
Arhat
one who has become enlightened
Bodhisattvahs
Future Buddhas - they have experienced enlightenment but have…
44 terms
World Religions Chapter 4
dualistic
330 million
Atman is Brahman
an avatar
One of the most fundamental differences in Hinduism is the sp…
The traditional number of Hindu gods and goddesses eventually…
In a famous passage from the Upanishads, Svetakatu's father t…
Rama was
dualistic
One of the most fundamental differences in Hinduism is the sp…
330 million
The traditional number of Hindu gods and goddesses eventually…
10 terms
chapter 4 world religions
ahimsa
anekantwad
aparigraha
digambara
nonviolence, main principle of jainism
manifold aspects of truths
non-acquisitiveness
ascetic order of jain monks who don't wear clothes
ahimsa
nonviolence, main principle of jainism
anekantwad
manifold aspects of truths
32 terms
World Religions - Chapter4
Vajra
Tripitaka
Trikaya
Tathata
the "diamond" scepter used in Tibetan and other types of Budd…
the three "baskets," or collections, of Buddhist texts
the three "bodies" of the Buddha--the Dharmakaya (cosmic Budd…
"thatness," "thusness," "suchness;" the uniqueness of each ch…
Vajra
the "diamond" scepter used in Tibetan and other types of Budd…
Tripitaka
the three "baskets," or collections, of Buddhist texts
36 terms
World Religions Chapter 4
Agni
arati
atman
avatara
god of fire
worship with light, involving the waving of a lamp in front o…
eternal self or soul that is successively reincarnated until…
a "descent" of God (usually vishnu) to Earth in a physical fo…
Agni
god of fire
arati
worship with light, involving the waving of a lamp in front o…
25 terms
Chapter 4 World Religions
anatta
annica
arhat
bodhisattvas
(uh-nat´uh; Pali: "no-self"). One of the Three Marks of Exist…
(uh-nee´chuh; Pali: "impermanence"). One of the Three Marks o…
"ahr´huht; Sanskrit: "worthy one"). One who has become enligh…
"(boh-dee-saht´vahs). Future Buddhas. As the ideal types for…
anatta
(uh-nat´uh; Pali: "no-self"). One of the Three Marks of Exist…
annica
(uh-nee´chuh; Pali: "impermanence"). One of the Three Marks o…
92 terms
World Religions Chapter 4
Indus Civilization
The Vedic Period: Origin of Hinduism
The Vedas: Sacred Scriptures
4 Vedas (Sacred Scriptures)
- 2500-1800 BCE... - Pakistan (Harappa and Mohenjo-daro) Harappa…
- 1500 BCE - 500 BCE... - the product of a branch of Indo-Europe…
- veda = "knowledge"... - revealed knowledge = shruti = "what wa…
1. Rig Veda... 2. Sama Veda... 3. Yajur Veda... 4. Atharva Veda... (+) Br…
Indus Civilization
- 2500-1800 BCE... - Pakistan (Harappa and Mohenjo-daro) Harappa…
The Vedic Period: Origin of Hinduism
- 1500 BCE - 500 BCE... - the product of a branch of Indo-Europe…
25 terms
World Religions: Chapter 4
anatta
anicca
arhat
bodhisattvas
one of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine de…
one of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine th…
one who has become enlightened; the ideal type for Theravada…
future Buddhas. As the ideal types for Mahayana Buddhism, bei…
anatta
one of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine de…
anicca
one of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine th…
45 terms
World Religions-Chapter 4
Oldest World Religion?
What spawns from Judaism?
What spawns from Judaism AND Christian…
Who is the patriarch for Judaism, Chri…
Judaism
Christianity
Islam
Abraham
Oldest World Religion?
Judaism
What spawns from Judaism?
Christianity
71 terms
World Religions -- Chapter 4 Islam
Islam is the world's fastest growing a…
Muslims believe that Muhammad had a di…
Muslims regard Abraham as the father o…
Ramadan occurs at the same time every…
True
False
True
False
Islam is the world's fastest growing a…
True
Muslims believe that Muhammad had a di…
False
25 terms
Exploring the Religions of Our World Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Islam
Muslim
Allah
Ka'bah
Means "surrender" or "submission"
Literally means "one who submits to the will of God"
The Arabic word for God
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Islam
Means "surrender" or "submission"
Muslim
Literally means "one who submits to the will of God"
25 terms
World Religions Chapter 4: Buddhism
Anatta
Anicca
Arhat
Bodhisattvas
"No Self." One of the Three Marks Existence; the Buddhist doc…
"Impermanence." One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Budd…
"Worthy One." One who has become enlightened; the ideal type…
Future Buddhas. As the ideal type for Mahayana Buddhism, begi…
Anatta
"No Self." One of the Three Marks Existence; the Buddhist doc…
Anicca
"Impermanence." One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Budd…
World Religions Chapter 4 Buddhism
Amitabha Buddha
anatta
anichcha
arhat
The Buddha of the Western Paradise, a bliss-body Buddha in Ma…
"No self"; the doctrine that there is no soul or permanent es…
Impermanence, constant change
In Theravada, a person who has practiced monastic disciplines…
Amitabha Buddha
The Buddha of the Western Paradise, a bliss-body Buddha in Ma…
anatta
"No self"; the doctrine that there is no soul or permanent es…
98 terms
World Religions: Chapter 4
What is the birth of the Muslim calend…
True or False?... The Quran completes and…
Which section of Islam is orthodox wit…
What is polygamy?
Hijra
True
Sunni
A man can take more than one wife
What is the birth of the Muslim calend…
Hijra
True or False?... The Quran completes and…
True
98 terms
World Religions: Chapter 4
What is the birth of the Muslim calend…
True or False?... The Quran completes and…
Which section of Islam is orthodox wit…
What is polygamy?
Hijra
True
Sunni
A man can take more than one wife
What is the birth of the Muslim calend…
Hijra
True or False?... The Quran completes and…
True
17 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 [College]
Siddhartha
Awakened One
Shakya
29
Buddha's birth name.
What does "Buddha" mean?
In what tribe was Buddha born?
At what age did the Buddha encounter the Four Passing Sights?
Siddhartha
Buddha's birth name.
Awakened One
What does "Buddha" mean?
39 terms
Chapter 4 world religion
Artha
Vanaprastha
Shankara
Varna
Hindu goal of getting ahead spiritually, professionally, soci…
The third of the male Ashramas, the retirement stage. Starts…
A philosopher devoted to vishnu, devoted follower to Shiva. H…
The four major socials divisions in India's caste system; Bra…
Artha
Hindu goal of getting ahead spiritually, professionally, soci…
Vanaprastha
The third of the male Ashramas, the retirement stage. Starts…
29 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 Questions
What is the name of the man who later…
What were the 4 passing sights? explai…
Explain the doctrine of the Middle Way
Describe the event of Gautama's attain…
Siddhartha Gautama
An old man, a diseased man, a corpse and a religious ascetic.…
The doctrine of the Middle Way holds that just as a life of s…
Gautama's attainment of enlightenment happened when he was si…
What is the name of the man who later…
Siddhartha Gautama
What were the 4 passing sights? explai…
An old man, a diseased man, a corpse and a religious ascetic.…
41 terms
Chapter 4 World Religions - Islam
Ka'bah
Hijrah
Allah
Caliphs
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
The Arabic word for God
Islamic leaders regarded as successors of Muhammad for Sunni…
Ka'bah
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Hijrah
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
29 terms
World Religions: Chapter 4 vocab
Arati (Sanskrit)
atman (Sanskrit)
avatara (Sanskrit)
bhakti (Sanskrit)
a CEREMONY involving the waving of a lamp before one's object…
the SELF or SOUL; lit. "the one who breathed."
a divine incarnation, God TAKING PHYSICAL FORM.
devotion
Arati (Sanskrit)
a CEREMONY involving the waving of a lamp before one's object…
atman (Sanskrit)
the SELF or SOUL; lit. "the one who breathed."
25 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 Vocabulary
anatta
anicca
arhat
bodhisattvas
doctrine denying a permanent self; no self
doctrine that all existent things are constantly changing
One who has become enlightened; worthy one
future Buddhas; beings who have experienced enlightenment but…
anatta
doctrine denying a permanent self; no self
anicca
doctrine that all existent things are constantly changing
23 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 Vocab
Buddha
Middle Way
nirvana
Sangha
Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have by their own insig…
teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgenc…
ultimate goal for Buddhists; extinction of desire and individ…
Buddhist community of monks and nuns; one of the Three Jewels…
Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have by their own insig…
Middle Way
teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgenc…
38 terms
4 - Chapter 4 Buddhism - World Religions
Amitabha Buddha
anatta
anichcha
arhat
The Buddha of the Western Paradise, a bliss-body Buddha in Ma…
"No self"; the doctrine that there is no soul or permanent es…
impermanence, constant change
in Theravada, a person who has practiced monastic disciplines…
Amitabha Buddha
The Buddha of the Western Paradise, a bliss-body Buddha in Ma…
anatta
"No self"; the doctrine that there is no soul or permanent es…
12 terms
World Religions: Chapter 4: Buddhism
Describe who Buddha was:
What is the meaning of "Buddha"?
What is arhat?
What beliefs does Buddhism not share w…
...
...
...
...
Describe who Buddha was:
...
What is the meaning of "Buddha"?
...
23 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 Vocab
Buddha
Middle Way
Nirvana
Sangha
Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have by their own insig…
Buddhist teaching that rejected both the pleasures and sensua…
The ultimate goal of all Buddhist
Buddhist community of monks and nuns
Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have by their own insig…
Middle Way
Buddhist teaching that rejected both the pleasures and sensua…
71 terms
World Religions -- Chapter 4 Islam
Islam is the world's fastest growing a…
Muslims believe that Muhammad had a di…
Muslims regard Abraham as the father o…
Ramadan occurs at the same time every…
True
False
True
False
Islam is the world's fastest growing a…
True
Muslims believe that Muhammad had a di…
False
25 terms
World Religions Chapter 4: Buddhism
Anatta
Anicca
Arhat
Bodhisattvas
"No Self." One of the Three Marks Existence; the Buddhist doc…
"Impermanence." One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Budd…
"Worthy One." One who has become enlightened; the ideal type…
Future Buddhas. As the ideal type for Mahayana Buddhism, begi…
Anatta
"No Self." One of the Three Marks Existence; the Buddhist doc…
Anicca
"Impermanence." One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Budd…
14 terms
World Religions - Chapter 4: Buddhism
Arhat
Asceticism
Bodhisattvas
Buddha
A saint, or one who has become enlightened
Rigorous self - denial
A "Buddha in the making," the ideal type for Mahayana Buddhists
"Awakened one"
Arhat
A saint, or one who has become enlightened
Asceticism
Rigorous self - denial
110 terms
World Religions Chapter 4: Buddhism
anatman
anicca
Arhat
Bhikshu
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
a Theravada Buddhist who has reached nirvana
a disciple of the Buddha that imitates the Buddha's life and…
anatman
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
anicca
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
27 terms
Chapter 4 World Religions - Islam
Ka'bah
Hijrah
Allah
Caliphs
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
The Arabic word for God
Islamic leaders regarded as successors of Muhammad for Sunni…
Ka'bah
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Hijrah
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
42 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 - Buddhism
The Four Passing Sights
The 3 Jewels
3 Marks of Existance
The 4 Noble Truths
1. Aging... 2. Sickness... 3. Death... IMPERMANENCE AND SUFFERING... 4. M…
1. The Buddha... 2. The Dharma... 3. The Sangha
1. Anatta - no self... 2. Anicca - impermanence... 3. Dukkha - suff…
1. To live is to experience suffering... 2. Suffering is caused…
The Four Passing Sights
1. Aging... 2. Sickness... 3. Death... IMPERMANENCE AND SUFFERING... 4. M…
The 3 Jewels
1. The Buddha... 2. The Dharma... 3. The Sangha
24 terms
world religions chapter 4 islam
Ka'ba
Hadith
shahada
salah
Islamic shrine believed to be built by Abraham - Black stone…
collection of stories and sayings about and from muhammad - s…
meaning witnessing; first pillar; There is one God, Allah, an…
meaning prayer; second pillar; sunrise, mid-morning, noon, af…
Ka'ba
Islamic shrine believed to be built by Abraham - Black stone…
Hadith
collection of stories and sayings about and from muhammad - s…
110 terms
World Religions Chapter 4: Buddhism
anatman
anicca
Arhat
Bhikshu
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
a Theravada Buddhist who has reached nirvana
a disciple of the Buddha that imitates the Buddha's life and…
anatman
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
anicca
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
110 terms
World Religions Chapter 4: Buddhism
anatman
anicca
Arhat
Bhikshu
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
a Theravada Buddhist who has reached nirvana
a disciple of the Buddha that imitates the Buddha's life and…
anatman
a doctrine of the Buddha that emphasizes the self, or I, is n…
anicca
a doctrine that teaches that life consists of continual change
24 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 Islam
Christianity
surrender (submission)
all creation is Muslim
Allah
the largest religion in the world
meaning of the word "Islam"
How Islam perceives all creation
Muhammad's special title
Christianity
the largest religion in the world
surrender (submission)
meaning of the word "Islam"
31 terms
Chapter 4 World Religions - Islam
Ka'bah
Hijrah
Allah
Caliphs
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
The Arabic word for God
Islamic leaders regarded as successors of Muhammad for Sunni…
Ka'bah
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Hijrah
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
Chapter 4 World Religions - Islam
Ka'bah
Hijrah
Allah
Caliphs
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
The Arabic word for God
Islamic leaders regarded as successors of Muhammad for Sunni…
Ka'bah
The first Islamic shrine that Muslims believe was built by Ab…
Hijrah
Term meaning "migration." It recalls the escape of Muhammed f…
10 terms
World Religions Chapter 4 (Jainism)
Ahimsa
Anekantwad
Aparigraha
Digambara
Nonviolence, a central Jain principle
The Jain principle of manifold aspects of the truth
Nonacquisitiveness, a major Jain principle
A highly ascetic order of Jain monks who wear no clothes.
Ahimsa
Nonviolence, a central Jain principle
Anekantwad
The Jain principle of manifold aspects of the truth
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