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Study sets matching "world vocab european history chapter 16"

19 terms
World History - Chapter 16 Vocabulary
heliocentric
geocentric
telescope
gravity
sun is the center of the universe
Earth is the center of the universe
optical instrument for making distant objects appear nearer a…
force that pulls objects toward Earth and draws planets into…
heliocentric
sun is the center of the universe
geocentric
Earth is the center of the universe
33 terms
Modern World History- Chapter 16 European Exploration
Compass
Astrolabe
New merchant class
Reason for new merchant class
Always points toward north
Helps in mapmaking, allows you to determine latitude and long…
Sought new way to India and Far East
-pirates ... -Turkish middlemen ... -Chinese emperors ... -Ottoman Emp…
Compass
Always points toward north
Astrolabe
Helps in mapmaking, allows you to determine latitude and long…
10 terms
World History: Chapter 16 - Age of Absolutism (European Countries)
Spain
England
Russia
France
leading European power until its armada was sunk in 1588
had a Civil War that was fought between the Roundheads & Cava…
largest country in the world today due to Westernization & mo…
had the strongest army in Europe during the Age of Absolutism
Spain
leading European power until its armada was sunk in 1588
England
had a Civil War that was fought between the Roundheads & Cava…
22 terms
World History Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Henry the Navigator
Vasco da Gama
Christopher Columbus
Jacques Cartier
1394-1460 - Prince of Portugal and patron of exploration; he…
1469-1524 - Portuguese navigator who from 1497-1499, became t…
1451-1506 - Italian explorer who sailed for Spain. He reached…
French who in 1534 sought the Northwest Passage by sailing fr…
Henry the Navigator
1394-1460 - Prince of Portugal and patron of exploration; he…
Vasco da Gama
1469-1524 - Portuguese navigator who from 1497-1499, became t…
34 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Thirty Years War
Peace of Westphalia
Absolutism
Louis XIV
What: A war that was between The Catholic League and The Prot…
What: The name of a series of treaties the Concluded the Thir…
What: A form of government that let Monarchs gathered all pow…
Who: The French absolutist king.... Where: France... When: 1589-161…
Thirty Years War
What: A war that was between The Catholic League and The Prot…
Peace of Westphalia
What: The name of a series of treaties the Concluded the Thir…
37 terms
European History Chapter 16
Enclosures
Robert Bakewell
Jertho Tulls Seed Drill
Crop Rotation
Enabled farmers to experiment to discover more productive far…
Farmer who increased his mutton output through selection bree…
Boost crop yields
Improved the medieval three field system; livestock and sheep…
Enclosures
Enabled farmers to experiment to discover more productive far…
Robert Bakewell
Farmer who increased his mutton output through selection bree…
54 terms
AP European History - Chapter 16 + 17 Vocabulary
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
Galileo
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
- universe was constructed on the basis of geometric figures…
- first European to make observations of the heavens with a t…
Copernicus
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
Brahe
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
18 terms
World History: Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Potlatch
Anasazi
Pueblos
Mississippian
A Native American ceremonial feast used to display rank and p…
An early Native American people that lived in the American So…
Villages of large apartment-like buildings made of clay and s…
Mound builder culture that flourished in North America
Potlatch
A Native American ceremonial feast used to display rank and p…
Anasazi
An early Native American people that lived in the American So…
42 terms
Chapter 16 European History
Scientific Revolution
Ptolemaic/geocentric conception
Ptolemy
Copernicus
the transition from the medical worldview to a largely secula…
earth was still at the center of the universe. Earth was impe…
astronomer and Christian who made the geocentric conception
'On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres' mathematician an…
Scientific Revolution
the transition from the medical worldview to a largely secula…
Ptolemaic/geocentric conception
earth was still at the center of the universe. Earth was impe…
18 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Term used to describe close government…
People of Spanish descent born in the…
The forced movement of many Africans t…
The voyage of enslaved Africans to Ame…
mercantilism
creoles
Atlantic Slave Trade
Middle Passage
Term used to describe close government…
mercantilism
People of Spanish descent born in the…
creoles
10 terms
AP European History - Chapter 16/17 Vocabulary
Sovereignty Edict of Nantes
Intendants Fronde
Mercantilism Peace of Utrecht
Don Quixote Baroque
Law signed on 30 April 1598, by Henry IV of France, granted t…
Intendants transmitted information from local communities to…
Occurring in 1713; a series of Treaties concluding the Spanis…
Written by Cervantes during the (17th century) baroque (times…
Sovereignty Edict of Nantes
Law signed on 30 April 1598, by Henry IV of France, granted t…
Intendants Fronde
Intendants transmitted information from local communities to…
60 terms
Chapter 16 European History Terms
Natural Philosophy
Aristotle
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)
Copernican Hypothesis
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
A Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tut…
A Polish clergyman and astronomer who began the revolution in…
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
Natural Philosophy
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
Aristotle
A Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tut…
34 terms
European History Chapter 16
Hapsburgs
Hohenzollerns
Phillip II
Louis XIV
Ruling family of Spain and Austria
Ruling family of Prussia
Great Catholic leader of Spain who fought to stop the spread…
The best example of an absolute monarch in France
Hapsburgs
Ruling family of Spain and Austria
Hohenzollerns
Ruling family of Prussia
134 terms
AP European History- Chapter 16 Absolutism Vocabulary
Henry IV
noblesse d'epee
noblesse de robe
paulette
Laid the foundation for France becoming the strongest Europea…
Nobles of the Sword.... Were involved in the second stage of the…
Nobility of the Robe.... The nobles who bought their positions i…
Annual fee paid by royal officials to guarantee heredity in t…
Henry IV
Laid the foundation for France becoming the strongest Europea…
noblesse d'epee
Nobles of the Sword.... Were involved in the second stage of the…
26 terms
World History Chapter 16
Catherine the Great
Peter the Great
Frederick II (the Great)
Oliver Cromwell
Had her husband murdered so that she could come to power in R…
Went to Europe and got a job to learn modern ways so that he…
Leader of Prussia
leader of a new government "Commonwealth" after English Civ…
Catherine the Great
Had her husband murdered so that she could come to power in R…
Peter the Great
Went to Europe and got a job to learn modern ways so that he…
12 terms
Chapter 16.2 European History Terms
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Empiricism / Inductive Reasoning
René Descartes (1596-1650)
Deductive Reasoning
English politician and writer Francis Bacon was the greatest…
A theory of inductive reasoning that calls for acquiring evid…
"I think, therefore I am."; Descartes discovered analytic geo…
Reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a gener…
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
English politician and writer Francis Bacon was the greatest…
Empiricism / Inductive Reasoning
A theory of inductive reasoning that calls for acquiring evid…
54 terms
AP European History - Chapter 16 + 17 Vocabulary
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
Galileo
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
- universe was constructed on the basis of geometric figures…
- first European to make observations of the heavens with a t…
Copernicus
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
Brahe
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
33 terms
World History - Chapter 16
Natural Philosophers
Scientific Method
Scientific Discovery
Corpernicus
Relied on religious teachings and works of Greek/Roman thinke…
Use of instruments, math and experiments to test theories
Calculus, bacteria, elements of oxygen, microscope, chemistry…
Developed theory that the sun is the center of the universe
Natural Philosophers
Relied on religious teachings and works of Greek/Roman thinke…
Scientific Method
Use of instruments, math and experiments to test theories
World History-Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Christian Humanism
Salvation
Indulgence
Lutherism
na
na
...
...
Christian Humanism
na
Salvation
na
11 terms
Chapter 16.1 European History Terms
Natural Philosophy
Aristotle
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)
Copernican Hypothesis
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
A Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tut…
A Polish clergyman and astronomer who began the revolution in…
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
Natural Philosophy
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
Aristotle
A Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tut…
22 terms
Chapter 16.3 European History Terms
Pierre Bayle (1647-1706)
Historical and Critical Dictionary
John Locke (1631-1704)
Essay Concerning Human Understanding -…
A French Protestant, or Huguenot who took refuge from governm…
In this work, Bayle critically examined the religious belief…
Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), Second Treatise…
Written by John Locke, it stated that human mind has no innat…
Pierre Bayle (1647-1706)
A French Protestant, or Huguenot who took refuge from governm…
Historical and Critical Dictionary
In this work, Bayle critically examined the religious belief…
8 terms
World History Chapter 16
commune
permanent revolution
one-child policy
outsourcing
in China during the 1950s, a group of collective farms each o…
an atmosphere of constant revolutionary fervor favored by Mao…
a policy in China that awards families with only one child ed…
a practice where companies send certain jobs, such as data en…
commune
in China during the 1950s, a group of collective farms each o…
permanent revolution
an atmosphere of constant revolutionary fervor favored by Mao…
18 terms
World History: Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Potlatch
Anasazi
Pueblos
Mississippian
A Native American ceremonial feast used to display rank and p…
An early Native American people that lived in the American So…
Villages of large apartment-like buildings made of clay and s…
Mound builder culture that flourished in North America
Potlatch
A Native American ceremonial feast used to display rank and p…
Anasazi
An early Native American people that lived in the American So…
25 terms
AP European History - Chapter 16 + 17 Vocabulary
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
Galileo
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
- universe was constructed on the basis of geometric figures…
- first European to make observations of the heavens with a t…
Copernicus
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
Brahe
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
AP European History-Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Natural Philosophy
Copernican Hypothesis
Experimental Method
Law of Inertia
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
The approach, pioneered by Galileo, that the proper way to ex…
A law formulated by Galileo that states that motion, not rest…
Natural Philosophy
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
Copernican Hypothesis
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
16 terms
World History Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Conquistador
Piracy
Puritan
Trapper
A Spanish conqueror
Piracy The robbing of ships on the ocean
Puritan A member of a sixteenth-or seventeenth- century Engli…
A person who traps wild animals for their furs
Conquistador
A Spanish conqueror
Piracy
Piracy The robbing of ships on the ocean
21 terms
European History Chapter16
Conquistador
Immunity
Civil war
Viceroy
Spanish conquerors
Resistance
A war fought between groups of people in the same nation.
Representative
Conquistador
Spanish conquerors
Immunity
Resistance
18 terms
Chapter 16 Vocabulary AP European History
Constitutionalism
Absolutism
Revocation
Bureaucracy
Governments in which rulers share power with parliaments
Government where ruler claims sole and absolute power from God
Take away
System of government that has many complicated rules
Constitutionalism
Governments in which rulers share power with parliaments
Absolutism
Government where ruler claims sole and absolute power from God
6 terms
History of Our World Chapter 16 Vocabulary
circumnavigation
isthmus
monopoly
colony
going completely around the Earth, especially by water
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger areas of land
the exclusive control of goods or services in a market
a territory ruled over by a distant state
circumnavigation
going completely around the Earth, especially by water
isthmus
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger areas of land
AP European History- Chapter 16 Absolutism Vocabulary
noblesse d'epee
noblesse de robe
paulette
mercantilism
Nobles of the Sword.... Were involved in the second stage of the…
Nobility of the Robe.... The nobles who bought their positions i…
Annual fee paid by royal officials to guarantee heredity in t…
A system of economic regulations aimed at increasing the powe…
noblesse d'epee
Nobles of the Sword.... Were involved in the second stage of the…
noblesse de robe
Nobility of the Robe.... The nobles who bought their positions i…
40 terms
Chapter 16 - European History
Renaissance
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
19th century
1300s - 1500s
1500s - 1700s ... 1540 - 1690
1600s - 1700s 17th and 18th centuries
1800s
Renaissance
1300s - 1500s
Scientific Revolution
1500s - 1700s ... 1540 - 1690
15 terms
AP European History Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Absolutism
Cabinet System
Constitutionalism
Don Quixote
Form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
Political system where the heads of governmental administrati…
Governmental principle that implies a balance between the aut…
Novel authored by Miguel de Cervantes. The book is a survey o…
Absolutism
Form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
Cabinet System
Political system where the heads of governmental administrati…
25 terms
European History:Chapter 16
Mercantilism
Monopoly
Bullion
Flota system
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase the…
(economics) a market in which there are many buyers but only…
Gold or silver in bars or ingots
ships sent from Seville maintained Spain's trade monopoly, co…
Mercantilism
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase the…
Monopoly
(economics) a market in which there are many buyers but only…
54 terms
AP European History - Chapter 16 + 17 Vocabulary
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
Galileo
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
- universe was constructed on the basis of geometric figures…
- first European to make observations of the heavens with a t…
Copernicus
- heliocentric/sun-centered conception... - universe consisted o…
Brahe
- observed positions and movements of stars and planets... - too…
94 terms
Chapter 16 European History
"Age of Crisis"
Main causes of crisis in Europe
What else happened during the 17th cen…
Hub of rural world in 17th century
The seventeenth century is often refered as this because Euro…
Partially due to climate change which caused crops to fail, b…
Spectacular growth in army size, new forms of taxation, gover…
The small peasant village centered on a church and a manor
"Age of Crisis"
The seventeenth century is often refered as this because Euro…
Main causes of crisis in Europe
Partially due to climate change which caused crops to fail, b…
29 terms
Ap European History Chapter 16
Scientific Revolution
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Copernicus
1600-1700s transition from a medieval worldview to a secular,…
Idea that the earth is at the center of the universe (ie: Pto…
Idea that the sun is at the center of the universe
Polish astronomer/mathematician whose On the Revolutions of t…
Scientific Revolution
1600-1700s transition from a medieval worldview to a secular,…
Geocentric
Idea that the earth is at the center of the universe (ie: Pto…
30 terms
World History Chapter 16
absolute monarch
armada
divine right
treason
has unlimited power
large fleet of warships
belief that God chooses the ruler of a nation
turning against ones country and its laws
absolute monarch
has unlimited power
armada
large fleet of warships
15 terms
Chapter 16 Terms - European History
Andreas Vesalius
Calculus
Cartesian Dualism
Geocentric Theory
Flemish scientist who pioneered the study of anatomy and prov…
Mathematical means of calculating rates of change; invented b…
Descartes's principle of the new separation of mind and matte…
The idea that the earth is at the center of the universe and…
Andreas Vesalius
Flemish scientist who pioneered the study of anatomy and prov…
Calculus
Mathematical means of calculating rates of change; invented b…
AP European History Chapter 16
Absolutism
cabinet system
Constitutionalism
Don Quixote
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
implies a balance between authority and power of the governme…
novel authored by Miguel de Cervantes, perhaps the greatest w…
Absolutism
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
cabinet system
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
'God's Handiwork"
"natural philosophers"
Alchemy and hermetic magic
Ptolemaic Universe
The world around them. Many educated Europeans were intereste…
medieval scientists that preferred refined logical analysis t…
Tradition believed that the world was a living embodiment of…
Universe seen as a series of concentric spheres with a fixed…
'God's Handiwork"
The world around them. Many educated Europeans were intereste…
"natural philosophers"
medieval scientists that preferred refined logical analysis t…
15 terms
World History Chapter 16
Isaac Newton
Albrecht Durer
Nicolaus Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Father of Modern Science and greatest scientist
developed art of woodcutting and best known for Praying Hands
Polish astronomer who proposed the heliocentric view of the u…
German Lutheran astronomer who discovered the three laws of p…
Isaac Newton
Father of Modern Science and greatest scientist
Albrecht Durer
developed art of woodcutting and best known for Praying Hands
35 terms
World History chapter 16
The Renaissance
humanism
individualism
sonnets
What was the cultural movement during the Late Middle Ages, w…
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied…
A belief in an emphasis on the dignity and worth of the indiv…
Poems of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme…
The Renaissance
What was the cultural movement during the Late Middle Ages, w…
humanism
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied…
23 terms
European History Chapter 16
Humans Believed in magic
Where the Greatest Achievements were s…
Geocentric Conception
Circular Movement
Who it was believed also had that spark of divinity within, c…
Came in the fields most dominated by the ideas of the Greeks-…
In this the universe was seen as a series of concentric spher…
According to Aristotle this was the most "perfect" kind of mo…
Humans Believed in magic
Who it was believed also had that spark of divinity within, c…
Where the Greatest Achievements were s…
Came in the fields most dominated by the ideas of the Greeks-…
15 terms
Chapter 16.4 European History Terms
Prussia
Frederick the Great (r. 1740-1786)
War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1…
Seven Years' War (1756-1763)
A strong military state in central Europe that emerged in the…
Also known as Frederick II; A King of Prussia, who was an enl…
War fought between Prussia, Britain, France, and Russia over…
A worldwide war that ended when Prussia defeating Austria, es…
Prussia
A strong military state in central Europe that emerged in the…
Frederick the Great (r. 1740-1786)
Also known as Frederick II; A King of Prussia, who was an enl…
12 terms
Modern European History Chapter 16
Quadruple Alliance (1815)
Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)
Klemens von Metternich (1773-1859)
Viscount Castlereagh (1769-1822)
Alliance formed during the final phase of the Napoleonic Wars…
Assembly that reorganized Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. I…
Previously serving as Austria's prime minister, he was the re…
Foreign secretary who represented Britain and the Congress of…
Quadruple Alliance (1815)
Alliance formed during the final phase of the Napoleonic Wars…
Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)
Assembly that reorganized Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. I…
9 terms
Chapter 16 Vocab AP European History
Scientific Revolution
Geocentric Conception
Heliocentric Conception
World-machine
A period where people began to take an interest in the world…
Where the earth is the center of the universe and that the ot…
Where the sun is the center and the planets revolved around t…
Newton believed that the universe was operated with time, spa…
Scientific Revolution
A period where people began to take an interest in the world…
Geocentric Conception
Where the earth is the center of the universe and that the ot…
34 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
mercantilism
"the golden age of smugglers"
"factories"
audiencias
-governments heavily regulate trade and commerce in hopes of…
-colonists and different colonies want to trade with one anot…
-trading posts... -original European footholds in India
viceroyalties that were divided into several subordinate judi…
mercantilism
-governments heavily regulate trade and commerce in hopes of…
"the golden age of smugglers"
-colonists and different colonies want to trade with one anot…
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Cartesian dualism
empiricism
geocentric conception
heliocentric theory
Descartes' principle of the separation of mind and matter (an…
the practice of relying on observation and experiment.
the idea that the earth is at the center of the universe and…
the idea that the sun (not the earth) is at the center of the…
Cartesian dualism
Descartes' principle of the separation of mind and matter (an…
empiricism
the practice of relying on observation and experiment.
37 terms
AP World History Chapter 16 Vocabulary
British East India Company
Cape Colony
Colombian Exchange
Core Nations
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during th…
Dutch colony established at Cape of Good Hope in 1652 initial…
the trading of plants, animals, and diseases between the Amer…
Nations, usually European, that enjoyed profit from world eco…
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during th…
Cape Colony
Dutch colony established at Cape of Good Hope in 1652 initial…
19 terms
AP World History- Chapter 16 Vocabulary
indulgence
Protestant Reformation
Catholic Reformation
witch-hunt
the forgiveness of the punishment due for past sins, granted…
religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church b…
religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church,…
the pursuit of people suspected of witchcraft especially in n…
indulgence
the forgiveness of the punishment due for past sins, granted…
Protestant Reformation
religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church b…
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