Study sets matching "yr 10 science"

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Study sets matching "yr 10 science"

24 terms
Year 10 Science Evolution
Classification
Species
Binomial Nomenclature
Genetic Diversity
A system of grouping together organisms based on common chara…
Individuals who are able to interbreed and produce fertile of…
A system of giving organisms two names, the genus and another…
The range of genetic characteristics within a single species
Classification
A system of grouping together organisms based on common chara…
Species
Individuals who are able to interbreed and produce fertile of…
5 terms
Year 10 Science
Cell
chromosome
DNA
Mitosis
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Cell division
Cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
chromosome
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
20 terms
year 10 science genetics
Mitosis
Meiosis
Chromosomes
Codons
Division of body cells to produce cells with a full number of…
Reductive division to produce sex cells with half the number…
Carries genetic information which determines the characterist…
Groups of three bases on the mRNA which control the lining up…
Mitosis
Division of body cells to produce cells with a full number of…
Meiosis
Reductive division to produce sex cells with half the number…
62 terms
Year 10 Science: Revision
Atom
Electron
Proton
Neutron
The simplest and smallest part of an element. It cannot be br…
A negatively (-1) charged component of an atom
A component of an atomic nucleus with a mass defined as 1 and…
A component of an atomic nucleus with a mass defined as 1 and…
Atom
The simplest and smallest part of an element. It cannot be br…
Electron
A negatively (-1) charged component of an atom
Year 10 Science - Genetics
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA):
RNA:
Nucleotides:
Bases:
a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate as the ba…
is a molecule which is chemically similar to DNA, which is us…
the building blocks of DNA
parts of a nucleotide. There are 4 types: adenine (A), guanin…
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA):
a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate as the ba…
RNA:
is a molecule which is chemically similar to DNA, which is us…
28 terms
Genetics - Year 10 Science
46
DNA
Gene
Protein
How many chromosomes do humans have?
Carries the genetic code that determines characteristics of a…
A short section of DNA
A complex unti made of repeating units called amino acids
46
How many chromosomes do humans have?
DNA
Carries the genetic code that determines characteristics of a…
Genetics - Year 10 Science
46
DNA
Gene
Protein
How many chromosomes do humans have?
Carries the genetic code that determines characteristics of a…
A short section of DNA
A complex unti made of repeating units called amino acids
46
How many chromosomes do humans have?
DNA
Carries the genetic code that determines characteristics of a…
14 terms
evolution year 10 science
Mutation
Variation
Population
Species
A change in DNA sequence that can effect both genotypes and p…
Different genotypes within a population leading to different…
All the individuals of a particular species found at a partic…
The order of classification that is most specific having only…
Mutation
A change in DNA sequence that can effect both genotypes and p…
Variation
Different genotypes within a population leading to different…
17 terms
Science - Year 10 Biology
glacial
inter-glacial
carbon
hydrogen
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold
warmer time periods
an important chemical element - all living things, whether pl…
a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1. Lightes…
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold
inter-glacial
warmer time periods
76 terms
Year 10 Science - Genetics
Genetics
Inheritance
DNA
Deoxyiribo
The study of inheritance.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
The sugar that is part of DNA
Genetics
The study of inheritance.
Inheritance
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
24 terms
YEAR 10 SCIENCE-FOSSILS
CARBON FILM FOSSIL
CAST
EDIACARAN
FOSSIL RECORD
when the dead body partially decays and leaves a thin deposit…
when an organism in rock decomposes and the space in the rock…
time period on the geological time scale when complex life fo…
a list showing the classification of all the species that hav…
CARBON FILM FOSSIL
when the dead body partially decays and leaves a thin deposit…
CAST
when an organism in rock decomposes and the space in the rock…
36 terms
Science - Year 10 Ecology
What is an adaptation?
What are the 3 types of different adap…
Why do living things adapt?
When do adaptations occur?
Adaptations are special features or behaviours that help an o…
Physical or structural, behavioural or social and physiologic…
Adaptations increase an organisms chance of survival and so i…
Adaptations occur by gradual changes over long periods of tim…
What is an adaptation?
Adaptations are special features or behaviours that help an o…
What are the 3 types of different adap…
Physical or structural, behavioural or social and physiologic…
14 terms
Drugs Science Year 10
placebo
control group
open trial
double blind tril
sometimes given to the control group - it looks like the real…
the group of people in a drug trial who are not given the new…
both patient and the doctor know if the patient is in the con…
neither the patient or the doctor know whether the patient is…
placebo
sometimes given to the control group - it looks like the real…
control group
the group of people in a drug trial who are not given the new…
Year 10 Science
element
compound
mixture
electron shell diagram
a pure substance made up of only one type of atom
a substance made up of two or more different types of atoms t…
a substance made by mixing other substances together
represents the structure of an atom
element
a pure substance made up of only one type of atom
compound
a substance made up of two or more different types of atoms t…
14 terms
Year 10 Science: Electricity
electricity is a form of...
a stationary electric charge that is b…
a positively charge particle that is f…
a substance that allows electricity to…
energy
static electricity
proton
conductor
electricity is a form of...
energy
a stationary electric charge that is b…
static electricity
Superheroes Year 10 Science
Resistance
Voltage
Current
Series Circuit
A feature of the material that slows down the current flow.
The amount of energy each bundle (coulomb) of electron has.
How fast the electrons are flowing.
When the current through each of the components is the same,…
Resistance
A feature of the material that slows down the current flow.
Voltage
The amount of energy each bundle (coulomb) of electron has.
204 terms
Sports Science (Year 10)
Skull
Jaw Bone
Collar Bone
Upper Arm Bone
Cranium
Mandebal
Clavical
Humerous
Skull
Cranium
Jaw Bone
Mandebal
Year 10 Science - Genetics
Genetics
Inheritance
DNA
Deoxyiribo
The study of inheritance.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
The sugar that is part of DNA
Genetics
The study of inheritance.
Inheritance
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
10 terms
Year 10 Science
force
acceleration
speed
velocity
A push or a pull
Change in velocity over time
Distance an object travels per unit of time
Speed in a given direction
force
A push or a pull
acceleration
Change in velocity over time
10 terms
Science Fiction - Year 10
Language of estrangement
Scientific/technological jargon
Novum/Nova
Metaphor/Metonym
These words are words that let us know that we are not in our…
Words of real or imagined science and technology that help to…
something that is new and different about the world of the sc…
When elements of the science fiction text, particularly the n…
Language of estrangement
These words are words that let us know that we are not in our…
Scientific/technological jargon
Words of real or imagined science and technology that help to…
Year 10 Science Glossary
absorb
acid
agent
alkali
ability to take in or receive in matter or energy
substance having a pH less than 7
something that causes an effect such as a natural force, chem…
substance having a pH greater than 7; soluble base
absorb
ability to take in or receive in matter or energy
acid
substance having a pH less than 7
Year 10 Science Glossary
absorb
acid
agent
alkali
ability to take in or receive in matter or energy
substance having a pH less than 7
something that causes an effect such as a natural force, chem…
substance having a pH greater than 7; soluble base
absorb
ability to take in or receive in matter or energy
acid
substance having a pH less than 7
Year 10 Science Notes
Signs of chemical change
General equation for neutralisation
General equation for acid reactions
General equation for combustion
Smell, change in temperature/colour/mass, light, sound, bubbl…
Acid + base -> salt + water
- Acid + metal -> salt + hydrogen... - Acid + carbonate -> water…
hydrocarbon + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water
Signs of chemical change
Smell, change in temperature/colour/mass, light, sound, bubbl…
General equation for neutralisation
Acid + base -> salt + water
28 terms
Genetics - Year 10 Science
46
DNA
Gene
Protein
How many chromosomes do humans have?
Carries the genetic code that determines characteristics of a…
A short section of DNA
A complex unti made of repeating units called amino acids
46
How many chromosomes do humans have?
DNA
Carries the genetic code that determines characteristics of a…
7 terms
Year 10 science
vector
scalar
speed
velocity
A quantity that has both size and direction.
A physical quantity that has magnitude only.
Distance travelled per unit time
A variable that tells you both speed and direction.
vector
A quantity that has both size and direction.
scalar
A physical quantity that has magnitude only.
114 terms
Year 10 Science ROSA Revision
Atom
molecule
Element
Compound
The smallest part of an element that can take part in a chemi…
a discrete grouping of atoms that are chemically joined toget…
A substance composed of atoms with the same atomic number
A discrete substance made of two or more different kinds of e…
Atom
The smallest part of an element that can take part in a chemi…
molecule
a discrete grouping of atoms that are chemically joined toget…
Environmental science - Year 10
Define actinides -
Define Alkali metal -
Define Alkaline Earth Metal -
Define compound -
Any of the 15 metallic elements from actinium in the periodic…
Any of the elements on the periodic table in group 1. (Exampl…
Any of the elements on the periodic table in group 2 (Example…
Composed of two or more separate elements (Examples include p…
Define actinides -
Any of the 15 metallic elements from actinium in the periodic…
Define Alkali metal -
Any of the elements on the periodic table in group 1. (Exampl…
114 terms
Environmental Science (year 10)
How does Wavelength vary when energy r…
The sun emits......
Mainly ..... & ...... radiation reache…
40km above the Earth's surface is the…
Wavelength emitted varies with temperature of the object
a wide spectrum of wavelengths
Mainly visible & infrared radiation reaches the Earth's surfa…
40km above the Earth's surface is the Stratosphere
How does Wavelength vary when energy r…
Wavelength emitted varies with temperature of the object
The sun emits......
a wide spectrum of wavelengths
20 terms
Forces and Energy (Year 10 Science)
energy
kinetic
potential
gravitational potential
Is the ability to do work
Energy of motion
Stored Energy
Energy stored by objects due to their position above Earth's…
energy
Is the ability to do work
kinetic
Energy of motion
Year 10 Science - Genetics
Genetics
Inheritance
DNA
Deoxyiribo
The study of inheritance.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
The sugar that is part of DNA
Genetics
The study of inheritance.
Inheritance
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Year 10 Science Yearly
Meiosis occurs where?
Mitosis occurs where?
Haploid means
Diploid means
Sex cells
All cells
Half of the number of chromosomes
The full number of chromosomes
Meiosis occurs where?
Sex cells
Mitosis occurs where?
All cells
Year 10 Science
in a series circuit
in a parallel circuit
current
voltage
current is the same everywhere
current divides between branches
rate of flow of electrons
amount of energy per charge
in a series circuit
current is the same everywhere
in a parallel circuit
current divides between branches
27 terms
year 10 science exam
mass number
atomic number
protons
neutrons
number of protons plus number of neutrons
tells us how many protons are in an atom, represented by the…
positive charge - found in the nucleus
neutral charge - found in the nucleous
mass number
number of protons plus number of neutrons
atomic number
tells us how many protons are in an atom, represented by the…
Science - Year 10 Today
What does DNA stand for?
Where is DNA found?
Describe the base pair rules for the n…
What is a chromosome?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
In the nucleus
The bases continue down or up and make the ladder part of the…
It is a thread like structure carrying genetic information in…
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Where is DNA found?
In the nucleus
Science-Energy Year 10
Energy
Joule
Potentail Energy
Heat Energy
Required to make things happen.
A unit of energy
Energy Stored in an object due to its position.
Energy possessed in hot objects.
Energy
Required to make things happen.
Joule
A unit of energy
21 terms
YEAR 10 SCIENCE-EVOLUTION
SPECIES
NATURAL SELECTION
HOMOLOGOUS STRUCTURES
ANALOGOUS STRUCTURES
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
the process where an environmental factor acts on a populatio…
Same structure, different function (controlled by some of the…
Different structure, same function (appear similar or have si…
SPECIES
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
NATURAL SELECTION
the process where an environmental factor acts on a populatio…
Year 10 Science - Space
What are planets? Give an example.
What are stars? Give an example.
What are galaxies? Give an example.
What are nebulae? Give an example.
A ball of rock/gas that orbit a star. E.g. Mars.
A mass of hydrogen and helium gas that shines brightly. E.g.…
A system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
A cloud of gas and dust in outer space. E.g. Orion Nebula.
What are planets? Give an example.
A ball of rock/gas that orbit a star. E.g. Mars.
What are stars? Give an example.
A mass of hydrogen and helium gas that shines brightly. E.g.…
30 terms
Year 10 Science - Space
What are planets? Give an example.
What are stars? Give an example.
What are galaxies? Give an example.
What are nebulae? Give an example.
A ball of rock/gas that orbit a star. E.g. Mars.
A mass of hydrogen and helium gas that shines brightly. E.g.…
A system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
A cloud of gas and dust in outer space. E.g. Orion Nebula.
What are planets? Give an example.
A ball of rock/gas that orbit a star. E.g. Mars.
What are stars? Give an example.
A mass of hydrogen and helium gas that shines brightly. E.g.…
Year 10 Science - Chemistry
What are reactants?
What are products?
What is an atom?
What is the basic structure of an atom?
They are what exists before the reaction
The final product/what is formed after the reaction
An atom is the smallest particle of an element that can be re…
Protons - positive - found in the nucleus... Neutrons - neutral…
What are reactants?
They are what exists before the reaction
What are products?
The final product/what is formed after the reaction
54 terms
Year 10 Science - Chemistry
What are reactants?
What are products?
What is an atom?
What is the basic structure of an atom?
They are what exists before the reaction
The final product/what is formed after the reaction
An atom is the smallest particle of an element that can be re…
Protons - positive - found in the nucleus... Neutrons - neutral…
What are reactants?
They are what exists before the reaction
What are products?
The final product/what is formed after the reaction
Science Year 10 Revision
Electrons are made up of
Alkali Metals
14 Electrons
Carbon
Shells
Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Caesium, Francium
Silicon
6 Electrons
Electrons are made up of
Shells
Alkali Metals
Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Caesium, Francium
33 terms
Science YEAR 10 Chemistry
acid + metal oxide →???
acid +metal hydroxide →???
acid + carbonate→ ???
acid + hydrogencarbonate→???
salt+ water
salt+ water
salt+ water + carbon dioxide
salt+ water + carbon dioxide
acid + metal oxide →???
salt+ water
acid +metal hydroxide →???
salt+ water
22 terms
Year 10 Science Fire topic
Energy
Chemical change
Physical change
Change of state
It has several forms such as heat, kinetic, light, chemical,…
a process where one or more substances are changed into one o…
the form or state of matter is changed but the substance is s…
When particles gain or lose energy, which causes the state of…
Energy
It has several forms such as heat, kinetic, light, chemical,…
Chemical change
a process where one or more substances are changed into one o…
Year 10 Science Electricity terms NZ
current (I)
conductors
voltage (V)
power (W)
the flow of electrons around a circuit
materials that allow electrons to flow through them eg, metal…
the energy carried by the electrons through a circuit
the rate at which energy is used by a circuit component eg bu…
current (I)
the flow of electrons around a circuit
conductors
materials that allow electrons to flow through them eg, metal…
20 terms
Forces and Energy (Year 10 Science)
energy
kinetic
potential
gravitational potential
Is the ability to do work
Energy of motion
Stored Energy
Energy stored by objects due to their position above Earth's…
energy
Is the ability to do work
kinetic
Energy of motion
Year 10 Sport Science
Net/Wall sports involve...
An example of a net/wall sport is...
Invasion Games involve...
An example of an invasion game is...
Sports that have a net dividing an opponent or a pair of oppo…
Tennis, badminton, table tennis.
Sports where teams invade the space of the opposition to try…
Basketball, netball, soccer.
Net/Wall sports involve...
Sports that have a net dividing an opponent or a pair of oppo…
An example of a net/wall sport is...
Tennis, badminton, table tennis.
14 terms
year 10 science yearly
Define endothermic
Newton Law no. 1
Newton Law no. 2
Newton Law no. 3
a process or reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
the law of inertia:... An object at rest will remain at rest unl…
Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The gre…
For every action there is an equal and opposite re-action.
Define endothermic
a process or reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
Newton Law no. 1
the law of inertia:... An object at rest will remain at rest unl…
34 terms
Year 10 Science - Electricity
Define Current
When faced with two paths, current wil…
What is current measured in?
What is the mathematical symbol for cu…
Current is the rate of flow of the electrons (how many there…
a) the path of least resistance
Amperes (Amps) (A)
the letter I
Define Current
Current is the rate of flow of the electrons (how many there…
When faced with two paths, current wil…
a) the path of least resistance
7 terms
Year 10 Science: Acid and Bases
Alkali
Base
Acid
Ion
A soluble base
A corrosive substance with a slippery feel and a pH> greater…
A sour-tasting corrosive substance with a pH < less than 7; t…
An atom ( or group of atoms) that has become charged by losin…
Alkali
A soluble base
Base
A corrosive substance with a slippery feel and a pH> greater…
8 terms
Year 10 Science: Atomic Science
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Nucleus
A sub-atomic particle which is found inside the nucleus and h…
A sub-atomic particle which is found inside the nucleus and h…
A sub-atomic particle which is found outside the nucleus and…
The positively-charged central part of the atom, containing o…
Proton
A sub-atomic particle which is found inside the nucleus and h…
Neutron
A sub-atomic particle which is found inside the nucleus and h…
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