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Study sets matching "zoology chapter 16"

10 terms
Zoology, Chapter 16
Echinodermata
Pentaradial Symmetry
Water-vascular System
Tube feet
Phylum of triploblastic, coelomate animals whose members are…
body parts of an animal are arranged in fives, or a multiple…
series of water-filled canals and tube feet, is a modificatio…
Extensions of an echinoderm's water vascular system that stic…
Echinodermata
Phylum of triploblastic, coelomate animals whose members are…
Pentaradial Symmetry
body parts of an animal are arranged in fives, or a multiple…
44 terms
Zoology Chapter 16: Echinoderms
Phylum Echinodermata
Ossicles
Water-filled Vascular System
Ring Canal
Deuterostomes, calcareous endoskeleton, no well developed cep…
Calcium carbonate plates of the endoskeleton in Echinoderms
water-filled canals used for locomotion, attachment, and/or f…
part of the water-filled vascular system that surround the mo…
Phylum Echinodermata
Deuterostomes, calcareous endoskeleton, no well developed cep…
Ossicles
Calcium carbonate plates of the endoskeleton in Echinoderms
154 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Molluscs
What are molluscs name origins?
What are molluscs cavity type?
Describe mollusca diversity
Which molluscs comes from Norse mythol…
molluscus (soft)
Coelomate
Extremely diverse, 90,000 living species!... Great fossil record…
The Kraken
What are molluscs name origins?
molluscus (soft)
What are molluscs cavity type?
Coelomate
17 terms
Zoology chapter 16
Water-vascular system
Tube feet
Hemal system
Dermal branchiae (papulae)
A series of water-filled canals and muscular tube feet in Ech…
Muscular projections from the water-vascular systems of Echin…
Strands of tissue found in Echinoderms. The -------- is of un…
Thin folds of the body wall of a sea star that extend between…
Water-vascular system
A series of water-filled canals and muscular tube feet in Ech…
Tube feet
Muscular projections from the water-vascular systems of Echin…
33 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Coelom
foot
Mantle
Pallium
the body cavity in triploblastic animals, lined with mesoderm…
Ventral body wall specialized as a muscular foot, various, mo…
soft extension of the body wall in certain invertebrates, for…
Mantle of a mollusc or branchiopod.
Coelom
the body cavity in triploblastic animals, lined with mesoderm…
foot
Ventral body wall specialized as a muscular foot, various, mo…
13 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Terms
Mantle
Gills
Radula
Periostracum
soft extension of the body wall in certain invertebrates
comblike structures
rasping tongue found in most molluscs
outer layer of a mollusc shell
Mantle
soft extension of the body wall in certain invertebrates
Gills
comblike structures
40 terms
Chapter 16 Zoology Molluscs
Phylum Mollusca
The Kraken
Cthulhu
Mollusc characteristics
• From the Latin root molluscus (soft)... • Coelomate... • Extremel…
Norse mythology
"The bloop"
• Radula in mouth... • Live everywhere... • Bilaterally symmetrical…
Phylum Mollusca
• From the Latin root molluscus (soft)... • Coelomate... • Extremel…
The Kraken
Norse mythology
31 terms
Zoology: Chapter 16
What organs are found in the head-foot…
What organs are found in the visceral…
What is the radula?
What are two functions of the radula?
Contains the feeding, cephalic sensory, and locomotive organs.
Contains the digestive, circulatory, respiratory, and reprodu…
A rasping, protrusible, tongue-like organ found in mulluscs.
1. To rasp fine particles of food material from hard surfaces…
What organs are found in the head-foot…
Contains the feeding, cephalic sensory, and locomotive organs.
What organs are found in the visceral…
Contains the digestive, circulatory, respiratory, and reprodu…
23 terms
Zoology Chapter 16
What is Agnatha?
What is Gnathostomata?
What is Vertebrata?
Which fishes do not have jaws or scales?
A group of jaw-less invertebrates (e.g. Lamprey)
Vertebrates that have jaws.
The individual bone of the spine, surround the nerve cord, an…
Agnatha.
What is Agnatha?
A group of jaw-less invertebrates (e.g. Lamprey)
What is Gnathostomata?
Vertebrates that have jaws.
103 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Fishes
Modern definition of fish
what are the 2 lineages of bony fish?
which fish represent lobe-finned fish…
how many species makeup the living jaw…
aquatic vertebrate with gills; appendages, if present, in the…
class Actinopterygii... class Sarcopterygii
lungfish and coelacanths
108 species. (70 hagfish, 38 lampreys)
Modern definition of fish
aquatic vertebrate with gills; appendages, if present, in the…
what are the 2 lineages of bony fish?
class Actinopterygii... class Sarcopterygii
11 terms
Chapter 16 Zoology
Class Sarcopterygii
Class Myxini
Class Cephalaspidomorphi
Class Chondrichthyes
Lobe-Finned Fishes
Hagfishes
Lampreys
Sharks, Skates, Rays
Class Sarcopterygii
Lobe-Finned Fishes
Class Myxini
Hagfishes
32 terms
Zoology Chapter 16
Characteristics of all molluscs
Class Bivalvia
Class Gastropoda
Class Cephalopoda
*Lophotrochozoan protostomes... *Soft bodies, sometimes with she…
-sedentary... -filter feeders... -no radula... -lack cephalization... -fo…
-most diverse class... -snails, slugs, conchs... -one piece shells…
-marine predators... -foot and head region merged... -gas chambers…
Characteristics of all molluscs
*Lophotrochozoan protostomes... *Soft bodies, sometimes with she…
Class Bivalvia
-sedentary... -filter feeders... -no radula... -lack cephalization... -fo…
17 terms
Chapter 16 Zoology
Phylum mollusca... molluscus(soft)
Mollusca characteristics
Mollusca characteristics
Mollusca characteristics
-ceolomate... -exteremely diverse... -great fossil record... -amazing…
dorsal body wall forms pair of folds called mantle, modified…
occasionally parasitic... -radula in mouth... -bilaterally symmetri…
circular, diagonal, longitudinal muscles... -nervous sytem with…
Phylum mollusca... molluscus(soft)
-ceolomate... -exteremely diverse... -great fossil record... -amazing…
Mollusca characteristics
dorsal body wall forms pair of folds called mantle, modified…
30 terms
Zoology Chapter 16
Population
Gene Pool
Microevolution
Hardy-Weinberg Principle/Equilibrium
Members of 1 species that live in one area and share a unique…
The alleles of all genes in all individuals
Evolutionary change within populations
A mathematical model that describes the genetics of non-evolv…
Population
Members of 1 species that live in one area and share a unique…
Gene Pool
The alleles of all genes in all individuals
13 terms
Chapter 16 Zoology
Mantle
Gills
Radula
Periostracum
soft extension of the body wall in certain invertebrates moll…
...
Rasping tongue found in most mollusk
outer layer of a mollusk shell
Mantle
soft extension of the body wall in certain invertebrates moll…
Gills
...
20 terms
Zoology Chapter 16
head-foot
visceral mass
mantle (cavity)
odontophore
The part of the body of mollusks that contains both sensory a…
area beneath the mantle of a mollusk that contains the intern…
A water-filled chamber that houses the gills, anus, and excre…
Produces teeth (Mollusca) / ... A structure at the base of the m…
head-foot
The part of the body of mollusks that contains both sensory a…
visceral mass
area beneath the mantle of a mollusk that contains the intern…
Zoology chapter 16
5 characteristics of chordates
General characteristics of 3 main clas…
Life cycle of a sea lamprey
Actinopterygii
1. Notochord - A solid, yet flexible rod of cells... 2. Dorsal…
Agnatha - Jawless fish (Sea lamprey, hagfish)... Chondrichthyes…
Ascend freshwater streams too breed, eggs are shed into a nes…
The teleosts (modern fish): Cycoid or etenoid scales, homocer…
5 characteristics of chordates
1. Notochord - A solid, yet flexible rod of cells... 2. Dorsal…
General characteristics of 3 main clas…
Agnatha - Jawless fish (Sea lamprey, hagfish)... Chondrichthyes…
49 terms
Zoology Chapter 16
Approximately how many species of fish…
The agnathans and gnathostomes branche…
The subclass _________ is the most div…
Which of the following fish may be cha…
28,000
Cambrian period
Actinopterygii
Lamprey
Approximately how many species of fish…
28,000
The agnathans and gnathostomes branche…
Cambrian period
17 terms
Chapter 16 Zoology
Fishes
Superclass Cyclastomata
Class Myxini
Class Petromyzontida
-found in fresh and salt water... -poikilothermic ... -coldblooded…
-jawless fishes ... -round mouth ... -lack scales... -no paired fins
-hagfishes... -marine... -scavenging or predator... -pores of slim sac…
-lampreys ... -exto parasitic ... -circular mouth ... -suction cups... -t…
Fishes
-found in fresh and salt water... -poikilothermic ... -coldblooded…
Superclass Cyclastomata
-jawless fishes ... -round mouth ... -lack scales... -no paired fins
zoology Chapter 16
Aristotle's Lantern
Asteroidea
Closed Circulatory System
Complete Digestive Tract
a conical structure of calcareous plates and muscles supporti…
A class of echinoderms that comprises the starfishes.
Closed circulatory systems have the blood closed at all times…
Increasing in complexity are animals that have gut tubes, whe…
Aristotle's Lantern
a conical structure of calcareous plates and muscles supporti…
Asteroidea
A class of echinoderms that comprises the starfishes.
18 terms
zoology chapter 16 vocab
mandible
chelicerae
ecdysis
tagmata
either half of the crushing organs in an arthropod's mouthparts
spider's jaws
molting of the cuticle
a specialized grouping of multiple segments
mandible
either half of the crushing organs in an arthropod's mouthparts
chelicerae
spider's jaws
Chapter 16 Zoology
Ammocetes larvae
Homocercal tail
Lateral line
Ampullary organs of Lorenzini
larval state of a lamprey
A tail with the upper and lower lobes symmetrical and the ver…
Sensitive receptor system that enables fish to detect gentle…
bioelectric organs
Ammocetes larvae
larval state of a lamprey
Homocercal tail
A tail with the upper and lower lobes symmetrical and the ver…
20 terms
zoology chapter 16
Echinodermata
Deuterostomes
Endoskeleton
Pentraradial
-Sea stars, Sea Urchins, and Relatives... -different embryonic d…
-all previous have been protostomes... -Echinodermata is the fir…
-echinodermata have ossicles... -no head or well developed brain…
-body parts arranged in 5's ... -enables stronger skeleton
Echinodermata
-Sea stars, Sea Urchins, and Relatives... -different embryonic d…
Deuterostomes
-all previous have been protostomes... -Echinodermata is the fir…
79 terms
Chapter 16 (Zoology)
zoology
bilateral symmetry
kingdom
phylum
the study of animals
the most common form of symmetry
animilia
chordata
zoology
the study of animals
bilateral symmetry
the most common form of symmetry
22 terms
Zoology Chapter 16: Echinoderms
Phylum Echinodermata
Ossicles
Deuterostomes
Water-filled Vascular System
Deuterostomes, calcareous endoskeleton, no well developed cep…
Calcium carbonate plates of the endoskeleton in Echinoderms
Anus forms first
water-filled canals used for locomotion, attachment, and/or f…
Phylum Echinodermata
Deuterostomes, calcareous endoskeleton, no well developed cep…
Ossicles
Calcium carbonate plates of the endoskeleton in Echinoderms
13 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Vocab
Phylum Mollusca
Bivalve
Gastropods (gastro-stomach pod-foot)
Visceral mass
Soft-body
An aquatic mollusk that has a compressed body enclosed within…
A mollusk of the large class Gastropoda, such as a snail, slu…
The soft, no muscular metallic region of the Mollusca. It con…
Phylum Mollusca
Soft-body
Bivalve
An aquatic mollusk that has a compressed body enclosed within…
37 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 The fishes
Phylum of The Fish
Sub-phylum of The Fish
3 Classes in the Sub-phylum of the Fish
Give an example of Class Agnatha
Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Class Agnatha... Class Chondrichthyes... Class Osteoichthyes
Lamprey... Hagfish
Phylum of The Fish
Chordata
Sub-phylum of The Fish
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
29 terms
ZOOLOGY CHAPTER 16
Describe how a pearl is formed
For what purpose are the gills of most…
How are shipworms sble to digest wood
5 ex. Of cephalopods
When a foreign object from an animal becomes lodged between t…
Filter feeding
Symbiotic bacteria produces cellulose
Octopus, squid, cuttlefish, nautilus, devilfish
Describe how a pearl is formed
When a foreign object from an animal becomes lodged between t…
For what purpose are the gills of most…
Filter feeding
80 terms
Zoology: Chapter 16 - Molluscs
Phylum Mollusca
mollusca (Latin)
Phylum Mollusca - The Kraken
"The Bloop"
-Coelomate... -Extremely diverse; 90,000 living species... -Great f…
"Soft"
Norse Mythology
Cthulhu - 1928... -Underwater low-frequency sound
Phylum Mollusca
-Coelomate... -Extremely diverse; 90,000 living species... -Great f…
mollusca (Latin)
"Soft"
32 terms
Zoology chapter 16
Phylum Mollusca
malacology
conchology
economic importance
-molluscs... -second most numerous phylum in number of species…
study of mollusks
study of shells
-food... -industry... -health
Phylum Mollusca
-molluscs... -second most numerous phylum in number of species…
malacology
study of mollusks
46 terms
Zoology Chapter 16- Echinoderms
echinoderm development
echinoderm characteristics
echinoderm pentaradial symmetry
echinoderm ossicles
-FIRST DEUTEROSTOMES
-ossicles... -pentaradial symmetry... -water vascular system... -compl…
-body parts are arranged in 5s or multiples of ... -eyespots may…
-CaCO3 plates... -some are modified into spines... -joints are not…
echinoderm development
-FIRST DEUTEROSTOMES
echinoderm characteristics
-ossicles... -pentaradial symmetry... -water vascular system... -compl…
22 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Connect
Snails that lack gills are called "pul…
Because shells require it, land snails…
The water current in the body of a cep…
The Polyplacophora
as a lung
calcium
oxygen for respiration... jet power for rapid locomotion... a means…
live in the ocean, especially in intertidal areas
Snails that lack gills are called "pul…
as a lung
Because shells require it, land snails…
calcium
15 terms
Zoology: Chapter 16 Quiz - Echinoderms
Which is the only class of echinoderms…
Sea daisies have a thin membrane, the…
The madreporite in sea cucumbers is... a…
The echinoderms are the first group of…
b. Holothuroidea
c. velum
e. internal
b. deuterostomes
Which is the only class of echinoderms…
b. Holothuroidea
Sea daisies have a thin membrane, the…
c. velum
64 terms
zoology 222 chapter 16
what is the 2nd larget phylum
how many fossil species are in phy. mo…
how many living species in phy. mullusca
have a head-foot and visceral mass
mollusca
35,000
50,000
phylum mollusca
what is the 2nd larget phylum
mollusca
how many fossil species are in phy. mo…
35,000
30 terms
Zoology Chapter 16: Fishes
Fish
Modern definition of fish
Ray-finned fishes
Lobe-finned fishes
denotes a mixed assortment of water dwelling animals; jellyfi…
aquatic vertebrate with gills; appendages, if present, in the…
most diverse- class Actinopterrygii, which radiated to form m…
class Sarcopterygii- contain few living species, but include…
Fish
denotes a mixed assortment of water dwelling animals; jellyfi…
Modern definition of fish
aquatic vertebrate with gills; appendages, if present, in the…
103 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Fishes
Modern definition of fish
what are the 2 lineages of bony fish?
which fish represent lobe-finned fish…
how many species makeup the living jaw…
aquatic vertebrate with gills; appendages, if present, in the…
class Actinopterygii... class Sarcopterygii
lungfish and coelacanths
108 species. (70 hagfish, 38 lampreys)
Modern definition of fish
aquatic vertebrate with gills; appendages, if present, in the…
what are the 2 lineages of bony fish?
class Actinopterygii... class Sarcopterygii
22 terms
Zoology test 3 - chapter 16
phylum ____________; seas stars, sea u…
phylum echinodermata are deuterostomes…
echinodermata have a calcareous ______…
echinodermata have no head or well dev…
echinodermata
deuterostomes
endoskeleton; ossicles
brain
phylum ____________; seas stars, sea u…
echinodermata
phylum echinodermata are deuterostomes…
deuterostomes
143 terms
Zoology Exam III - Chapter 16
Phylum Mollusca
Phylum Mollusca how many living species
Phylum Mollusca diversity known via
Mollusca legends
From the latin root molluscus (soft)... Coelomate... Extremely dive…
90,000
great fossil record... amazing morphological and behavioral dive…
The Kraken - Norse mythology... Cthulhu - 1928 the bloop
Phylum Mollusca
From the latin root molluscus (soft)... Coelomate... Extremely dive…
Phylum Mollusca how many living species
90,000
43 terms
Zoology: Chapter 16 Fish Vocab
Definition of a Fish
Class Chondricthyes
agnathan
Gnathstomsomes
aquatic vertebrate with gills, appendages (if present) in the…
Includes sharks, rays and skates •placoid scales •Paired pect…
is a superclass of jawless fish in the phylum Chordata, subph…
Jawed Vertebrates
Definition of a Fish
aquatic vertebrate with gills, appendages (if present) in the…
Class Chondricthyes
Includes sharks, rays and skates •placoid scales •Paired pect…
18 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Vocab: Molluscs
Radula
Mantle
Head-Foot Area
Visceral Mass
Rasping tongue found in molluscs
Soft extension of the body wall in certain invertebrates, sec…
Area in molluscs containing feeding, cephalic, sensory, and l…
Portion in molluscs containing digestive, circulatory, respir…
Radula
Rasping tongue found in molluscs
Mantle
Soft extension of the body wall in certain invertebrates, sec…
83 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 Phylum Mollusca Study Guide
How many species of Molluscs are docum…
List representative members of Phylum…
Briefly describe mollusc feeding patte…
Briefly describe the habitat range for…
90,000 living species ... 70,000 fossil species
Soft body and belong to the lophotrochozoan protostomes. Incl…
Herbivorous grazers, predaceous carnivores, filter feeders, a…
Most are marine, but some are terrestrial or freshwater aquat…
How many species of Molluscs are docum…
90,000 living species ... 70,000 fossil species
List representative members of Phylum…
Soft body and belong to the lophotrochozoan protostomes. Incl…
18 terms
Zoology chapter 16 multiple choice
The structure of molluscs that forms t…
The structure that is used for feeding…
A molluscan shell is made of the three…
The first larval stage that is typical…
Mantle
Radula
Periostracum, prismatic layer, nacreous layer
Trochophore
The structure of molluscs that forms t…
Mantle
The structure that is used for feeding…
Radula
19 terms
Chapter 16 study guide ~Zoology
What are the 3 ways species vary?
evolution
fossils
artificial selection
species vary globally, locally, and over time
change over time
preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occur…
What are the 3 ways species vary?
species vary globally, locally, and over time
evolution
change over time
18 terms
Chapter 16- Nematoda- invert zoology
Phylum nematoda
is in the clade ecdysozoa
longitudinal muscles only
nervous system
roundworms
meaning it molts, sheds outer layer (cuticle)
which are connected to dorsal and ventral nerve cords via mus…
-cerebral ganglion... -dorsal and ventral nerve cords... -amphids
Phylum nematoda
roundworms
is in the clade ecdysozoa
meaning it molts, sheds outer layer (cuticle)
63 terms
Zoology Test 3- Chapter 16
4 classes of Phylum Mollusca
Molluscs have _______ bodies, sometime…
Molluscs belong to the group of ______…
Class composed of clams and mussels
bivalvia, gastropoda, cephalopoda, polyplacophora
soft, shell
lophotrochozoan
bivalvia
4 classes of Phylum Mollusca
bivalvia, gastropoda, cephalopoda, polyplacophora
Molluscs have _______ bodies, sometime…
soft, shell
161 terms
Zoology Ch.16
Phylum Arthropoda
Phylum Mollusca
molluscus
90,000
What is the most species rich phylum?
What is the second most species rich phylum?
What is the latin root for soft?
How many living species does the phylum mollusca have?
Phylum Arthropoda
What is the most species rich phylum?
Phylum Mollusca
What is the second most species rich phylum?
44 terms
zoology exam 2, chapter 16
Phylum Mollusca
Phylum Mollusca characteristics
mantle
radula
molle=soft body... coelomate ... triploblast... bilateral symm... protost…
body plan: head, foot, visceral mass... body is unsegmented
specialized tissue, secretes shell, may be involved in locomo…
teeth on "tongue" ... rasps and conveys food to the digestive tr…
Phylum Mollusca
molle=soft body... coelomate ... triploblast... bilateral symm... protost…
Phylum Mollusca characteristics
body plan: head, foot, visceral mass... body is unsegmented
24 terms
Zoology Chapter 16 (Exam Four) (The Fishes)
What phylum and subphylum are fish fou…
What are the general characteristics o…
What are the characteristics of the br…
What are the characteristics of the ve…
Phylum Chordata... Subphylum Vertebrata/Craniata
Brain case is present... Vertebrae replaces notochord... Neural cre…
Either a neurocranium (Made of bone) or a chondrocranium (Mad…
Replaces the notochord... Forms a series of articulating blocks…
What phylum and subphylum are fish fou…
Phylum Chordata... Subphylum Vertebrata/Craniata
What are the general characteristics o…
Brain case is present... Vertebrae replaces notochord... Neural cre…
10 terms
Zoology chapter 16 practice quiz
Echinodermata
Crinoidea
Asteroidea
Ophjuroidea
The phylum of spiny skinned animals?
What is the class of Sea Lilies?
What is the class of sea stars?
What is the class of Brittle Stars?
Echinodermata
The phylum of spiny skinned animals?
Crinoidea
What is the class of Sea Lilies?
143 terms
Zoology Exam III - Chapter 16 Molluscs
Phylum Mollusca
Phylum Mollusca how many living species
Phylum Mollusca diversity known via
Mollusca legends
From the latin root molluscus (soft)... Coelomate... Extremely dive…
90,000
great fossil record... amazing morphological and behavioral dive…
The Kraken - Norse mythology... Cthulhu - 1928 the bloop
Phylum Mollusca
From the latin root molluscus (soft)... Coelomate... Extremely dive…
Phylum Mollusca how many living species
90,000
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